Filton is a large suburban town and civil parish in South
Gloucestershire, England, north of the City of
approximately 5 miles (8.0 km) from the city centre. The town
Filton Church, which dates back to the 12th century and
is a Grade II listed building.
The name of the town comes from the Old English feleþe (hay), and
tūn (farm, field). The name dates back to at least 1187.
Filton has large areas of open space which include several playing
fields, a golf course and the former
Filton Airport (closed in 2012).
1 Connections, districts and facilities
6 Twin towns
9 External links
Connections, districts and facilities
Filton can be reached from Junction 1 of the M32 motorway, or from
Junction 16 of the M5 motorway. The town is well served by rail with
Filton Abbey Wood serving areas in the south of the town, Bristol
Parkway serving areas to the north and east and
Patchway in the west
of the town.
Districts within the town include East Filton,
Filton Park and
Northville. East Filton, which has grown up east of the Bristol-South
Wales railway line and is mostly in the neighbouring civil parish of
Stoke Gifford, contains the offices of the Ministry of Defence's
Defence Procurement Agency, plus a shopping park.
Filton Park is a
Bristol and lies directly on the city border, sandwiched
between the A38 trunk road and
Filton itself lies to
the north and east of
Monks Park is to the south. Housing
Filton Park is mainly privately owned, semi-detached and 1930s
World War I
World War I properties in the district tend to be quite
large, with generous gardens. Extensive playing fields border the
north-western side of
Southmead Road. The golf links, on the hillside
beyond, is owned by
Filton Golf Club. The area has a primary school
and a playgroup.
Filton Park is regarded as a desirable place to live
since it is close to major centres of employment such as BAE Systems,
and Defence Equipment & Support at Abbey Wood.
Filton's educational facilities include South
Abbeywood Community School
Abbeywood Community School and several primary
schools. The University of the West of
England is at nearby Frenchay.
Filton has two main shopping areas – the Shield Centre (on the site
of the former Shield Laundry) and Abbey Wood Retail Park, as well as
other shops. To the east of the town there is a small area of woodland
known as Splatt's Abbey Wood.
Aircraft hangars on
Filton Airfield. The
Bristol Brabazon, Bristol
Concorde aircraft were constructed here.
Filton has an aerospace connection dating back to the establishment of
Bristol Aeroplane Company.
Aerospace companies in
BAE Systems, Airbus, Rolls-Royce and MBDA, all located around the
Filton Aerodrome. The
Concorde supersonic airliner was built
here in the late 1960s and 1970s; on 26 November 2003
(G-BOAF) made the final flight of a Concorde, returning to Filton
to be kept there permanently as the centrepiece of the Aerospace
Bristol museum, which opened in 2017. This museum also houses the
Bristol Aero Collection and examples of helicopters and missiles built
Other employers include the MOD, Viridor,
Hewlett Packard and the
Filton is also home to the regional blood processing
NHS Blood and Transplant
NHS Blood and Transplant Filton.
Bristol Cars was a manufacturer of hand-built luxury cars, based in
Bristol Cars had neither distributors nor dealers and dealt
directly with customers; they had a showroom in
Kensington in London.
They claimed to be the last wholly British-owned luxury car builder.
The company went into administration on 3 March 2011.
The population of the parish at the 2011 Census was 10,607. The
Filton built-up area defined by the
Office for National Statistics
Office for National Statistics is
a large outer suburban area north of
Bristol which includes
Almondsbury, Patchway, Little Stoke,
Stoke Gifford and Bradley Stoke,
and had a population of 59,495 in 2011.
Part of the
Defence Equipment and Support
Defence Equipment and Support building at Abbey Wood,
Filton. The site employs over 13,000 people, managing procurement
contracts for the Navy, the Army and the Air Force.
Filton Town Council is a parish council made up of thirteen
councillors and forming the first tier of local government.
Filton was in
Gloucestershire until 1974 when it became part of the
newly formed county of Avon. In 1996 the Avon authority was abolished
and the area became part of the unitary authority of South
Gloucestershire and rejoined the ceremonial county of Gloucestershire.
Filton is represented in the House of Commons by Jack Lopresti,
Conservative Party Member of Parliament (MP) for the constituency of
Filton and Bradley Stoke.
An electoral ward with the same name exists. The area and population
are identical to those of the parish.
Gloucestershire and Stroud College
For history related to aeroplanes and flying, see
Thousands of mites, farthings and other coins of the Roman emperors,
Constans were found in a bank by some boys
in 1880. Many of the coins were in excellent condition.
At the dawn of the 20th century,
Filton was a small village, still
detached from the city of
Bristol to the south. Farming was the
principal occupation. However, there was a large factory-like laundry
in the village, opposite
Filton House, owned by Samuel Shield. The
Bristol to South Wales railway line passed through the village. There
was a small station near the site of the current Abbey Wood station. A
much larger railway station, known as
Filton Junction, opened in 1910,
after the alternate rail route from
Bristol to London was finished. In
1907 the northern terminus for
Bristol Tramways was moved out from
Horfield to Filton. Tram production in the tramway sheds commenced in
1908. The manufacture of aeroplanes started in the
sheds in 1910 and aero-engine production started in 1920.
Between the wars,
Filton expanded rapidly to become a suburb of
Bristol. Initially development (semi-detached housing) was
concentrated on the western side of the A38, in an area known as
Filton Park. In the 1930s, the area on the eastern side of the A38
started to be developed. Eventually,
Filton became part of the Bristol
conurbation, although it remained, as it does now, outside the city
boundary. During the 1920s and 1930s, two infant/primary schools and
one secondary school were built in
Filton to accommodate the growing
number of school-age children in the area. Many of these children were
World War II
World War II started in 1939, but returned later,
during the Phoney War.
Filton High School, originally a grammar
school, but later a comprehensive, started to take pupils in 1960. In
Filton High was demolished and replaced with Abbeywood Community
In the late 1940s, the main runway of
Filton Aerodrome was greatly
extended for the
Bristol Brabazon project. Charlton village was
demolished and the pre-war
Filton bypass was severed. In the early
1960s, a new bypass was constructed, roughly parallel to the old one,
and this later became part of the M5 motorway.
Sandwiched between roads, factories, railway lines and the aerodrome,
Filton expanded little after World War II. However, from the late
1970s a trading estate slowly developed on the eastern side of the
Bristol/South Wales railway line in what is now known as East Filton.
During the mid-1970s the A38 trunk road was upgraded to a dual
carriageway. Station Road, a country lane in the early part of the
20th century, was also widened to become a dual carriageway and form
part of the Avon Ring Road. In 1973, the Rolls-Royce car division was
separated as Rolls-Royce Motors. Rolls-Royce (1971) Limited (the
engine division) was privatised in 1987 as Rolls-Royce plc. Later, the
Ministry of Defence set up a large office complex, known as Abbey
Wood, in the same area.
St Vallier-sur-Rhône, France
Bristol Academy of Sport is based at South
Filton Cycling Speedway Club was formed in January 2006. The club
uses a cycle track built by
Filton Town Council and recognised to be
one of the best in the country, with its setting in Elm Park.
St Vallier FC (named after its French twin) is a youth football
Filton Golf Club has an 18-hole course.
There is also a table tennis club.
Filton has a temperate maritime climate, with comfortable, mostly dry
summers and cold, mostly wet winters. The temperature is usually
between at or below freezing (0 °C (32 °F)) on 39.4 days
per year and 23.1 °C (73.6 °F), but between 2005 and 2014,
the temperature ranged from −6.7 °C (19.9 °F) to
33.8 °C (92.8 °F).
Climate data for
Filton 73 m amsl (2004-present)
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average rainfall mm (inches)
Average rainy days (≥ 1 mm)
Mean monthly sunshine hours
Filton Weather Extremes 
Filton Climate Info 
Media related to
Filton at Wikimedia Commons
Filton Sector Avon and Somerset Constabulary
^ a b UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report –
(1170211816)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1
^ "Church of St. Peter". Images of England. Retrieved 17 July
Filton Parish Church – St. Peter, Filton,
Bristol UK". Filton
Parish Church. Archived from the original on 28 February 2013.
Retrieved 4 January 2013.
^ "The Parish of St Peters Filton".
Filton Parish Church. Retrieved 4
Concorde 202, G-BBDG Archived 29 July 2007 at the
Filton Archived 6 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
Filton Archived 10 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report –
Filton Built-up area
(1119885034)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1
^ "Discovery of Roman Coins". The Cornishman (95). 6 November 1880.
Filton Cycling Speedway Club
^ St Vallier FC Archived 28 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
Filton Golf Club
Filton Table Tennis Club Archived 6 August 2007 at Archive.is
Places in South Gloucestershire
Subdivisions of Bristol
Bristol North West
St George East
St George West
See also: List of wards in
Bristol by population
Broomhill near Brislington
Broomhill near Stapleton
St Philip's Marsh
The following suburbs are in the same urban area, but lie in South
Gloucestershire or North Somerset: