FILTON is a suburban town in South
Gloucestershire north of the City
Bristol , approximately 5 miles (8.0 km) from the city centre.
Filton lies in Royal Mails postcode areas of BS7 and BS34. The town
Filton Church, which dates back to the 12th century and
is a grade II listed building . Further north are the towns of
Bradley Stoke .
The name of the town comes from the Old English feleþe (hay), and
tūn (farm, field). The name dates back to at least 1187.
Filton has large areas of open space, which includes several playing
fields, a golf course, plus a large private airfield (closed runway,
Filton Airfield ) as of 2016 the runway was sold with plans put
into place for housing , schools and a museum to be built onto what
was once the run way .
* 1 Connections, districts and facilities
* 2 Industry
* 3 Administration
* 3.1 National
* 3.2 County
Filton Town Council
* 4 History
* 5 Twin towns
* 6 Sport
* 7 Climate
* 8 External links
* 9 References
CONNECTIONS, DISTRICTS AND FACILITIES
Filton can be reached from Junction 1 of the
M32 motorway , or from
Junction 16 of the
M5 motorway . The town has a railway station,
Filton Abbey Wood .
Districts within the town include East Filton,
Filton Park and
Northville . East Filton, which has grown up east of the Bristol-South
Wales railway line and is mostly in the neighbouring civil parish of
Stoke Gifford , contains the offices of the Ministry of Defence
Defence Procurement Agency , plus a shopping park.
Filton Park is a
Bristol and lies directly on the city border, sandwiched
between the A38 trunk road and
Filton itself lies to
the north and east of
Monks Park is to the south. Housing
Filton Park is mainly privately owned, semi-detached and 1930s
World War I
World War I properties in the district tend to be quite
large, with generous gardens. Extensive playing fields border the
north-western side of
Southmead Road. The golf links, on the hillside
beyond, is owned by
Filton Golf Club. The area has a primary school
and a playgroup.
Filton Park is regarded as a desirable place to live
since it is close to major centres of employment such as
BAE Systems ,
and the Ministry of Defence at Abbey Wood.
Filton's educational facilities include South
Stroud College ,
Abbeywood Community School
Abbeywood Community School and several primary
schools. The University of the West of
England is at nearby
Filton has two main shopping areas – the Shield Centre (on the site
of the former Shield Laundry) and Abbey Wood Retail Park, as well as
other shops. To the east of the town there is a small area of woodland
known as Splatt's Abbey Wood.
Aircraft hangars on
Filton Airfield . The
Bristol Brabazon ,
Bristol Britannia and
Concorde aircraft were constructed here.
Filton has an aerospace connection dating back to the establishment
Bristol Aeroplane Company .
Aerospace companies in Filton
BAE Systems ,
Airbus , Rolls-Royce and
MBDA , all located
Filton Aerodrome . On 26 November 2003
Concorde 216 (
made the final flight of a Concorde, returning to
Filton to be kept
there permanently as the centrepiece of a projected air museum. This
museum will include the existing
Bristol Aero Collection which was
Kemble Airport , 33 miles (53 km) from Filton, until May 2012.
This collection includes helicopters and missiles built at Filton.
Other organisations include the MOD ,
Hewlett Packard and
Royal Mail .
Filton is also home to the regional blood processing
NHS Blood and Transplant Filton.
Bristol Cars was a manufacturer of hand-built luxury cars, based in
Bristol Cars had neither distributors nor dealers and dealt
directly with customers; they had a showroom in Kensington in London.
They claimed to be the last wholly British-owned luxury car builder.
The company went into administration on 3 March 2011.
Part of the Ministry of Defence
Defence Equipment and Support )
building at Abbey Wood, Filton. The site employs over 4000 people,
managing procurement contracts for the Navy, the Army and the Air
Filton is represented in the House of Commons by
Jack Lopresti ,
Conservative Party Member of Parliament (MP) for the constituency of
Bradley Stoke .
An electoral ward with the same name exists. The area and population
are identical to those of the parish.
Filton was in
Gloucestershire until 1974 when it became part of the
newly formed county of Avon . In 1996 the Avon authority was abolished
and the area became part of the unitary authority of South
Gloucestershire and rejoined the ceremonial county of Gloucestershire.
FILTON TOWN COUNCIL
Filton Town Council
Filton Town Council is a parish council made up of thirteen
councillors and manages the Council precept on behalf of Filton
Gloucestershire and Stroud College The parish
Saint Peter ,
Filton For history related to aeroplanes
and flying, see
Filton Airport#History .
Thousands of mites , farthings and other coins of the Roman emperors,
Domitian , Constantine and
Constans were found in a bank by some boys
in 1880. Many of the coins were in excellent condition.
At the dawn of the 20th century,
Filton was a small village, still
detached from the city of
Bristol to the south. Farming was the
principal occupation. However, there was a large factory-like laundry
in the village, opposite
Filton House, owned by Samuel Shield. The
South Wales railway line passed through the village. There
was a small station near the site of the current Abbey Wood Station. A
much larger railway station, known as
Filton Junction, opened in 1910,
after the alternate rail route from
Bristol to London was finished. In
1907 the northern terminus for
Bristol Tramways was moved out from
Horfield to Filton. Tram production in the tramway sheds commenced in
1908. The manufacture of aeroplanes started in the
sheds in 1910. Aero-engine production started in 1920.
Between the wars
Filton expanded rapidly, to become a suburb of
Bristol. Initially development (semi-detached housing) was
concentrated on the western side of the A38, in an area known as
Filton Park. In the 30's, the area on the eastern side of the A38
started to be developed. Eventually,
Filton became part of the Bristol
conurbation, although it remained, as it does now, outside the city
boundary. During the 20's and 30s, two infant/primary schools and one
secondary school were built in
Filton to accommodate the growing
number of school-age children in the area. Many of these children were
World War II
World War II started in 1939, but returned later,
Phoney War .
Filton High School, originally a grammar
school, but later a comprehensive, started to take pupils in 1960.
Filton high was demolished and replaced with abbey wood community
In the late 1940s The main runway of
Filton Aerodrome was greatly
extended for the
Bristol Brabazon project. Charlton village was
demolished and the pre-war
Filton bypass was severed. In the early
1960s, a new bypass was constructed, roughly parallel to the old one,
and this later became part of the
M5 motorway .
Sandwiched between roads, factories, railway lines and the aerodrome,
Filton expanded little after WWII. However, from the late 1970s a
trading estate slowly developed on the eastern side of the
South Wales railway line in what is now known as East Filton.
Later, the Ministry of Defence set up a large office complex, known as
Abbey Wood, in the same area. During the mid-1970s the A38 trunk road
was upgraded to a dual carriageway. Station Road, a country lane in
the early part of the 20th century, was also widened to become a dual
carriageway and form part of the Avon Ring Road. In 1973 the
Rolls-Royce car division was separated as
Rolls-Royce Motors .
Rolls-Royce (1971) Limited (the engine division) was privatised in
Rolls-Royce plc .
Filton is also home to the
Filton Concert Brass . The band, formed 60
years ago, is currently
Bristol 's highest-placed brass band, having
been promoted to the First Section of the West Region at the 2010
Regional Finals in Torquay. This places them above other
Bristol East and Kingswood, and City of Bristol. For the past
few years, the band has been conducted in contests by Bryn James. The
band's oldest serving member, Jim Scott, was a founding member of the
band and, until this year, had played in the regional finals every
* St Vallier-sur-Rhône , France
Witzenhausen , Germany
Bristol Academy of Sport is based at South
Stroud College .
Filton Cycling Speedway Club was formed in January 2006. The club
uses a cycle track built by the
Filton Town Council and recognised to
be one of the best in the country, particularly with its setting in
Elm Park. The club has a web site www.filtoncsc.co.uk The *St Vallier
FC (named after its French twin) is a youth football team.
Filton Golf Club has an 18-hole course.
* There is also a table tennis club.
Filton has a temperate maritime climate, with comfortable, mostly dry
summers and cold, mostly wet winters. The temperature is usually
between at or below freezing (0 °C (32 °F)) on 39.4 days per year
and 23.1 °C (73.6 °F), but between 2005 and 2014, the temperature
ranged from −6.7 °C (19.9 °F) to 33.8 °C (92.8 °F).
CLIMATE DATA FOR FILTON 73 M AMSL (2004-PRESENT)
RECORD HIGH °C (°F)
AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F)
AVERAGE LOW °C (°F)
RECORD LOW °C (°F)
AVERAGE RAINFALL MM (INCHES)
AVERAGE RAINY DAYS (≥ 1 MM)
MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS
Filton Weather Extremes
Filton Climate Info
Filton Sector Avon