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Filton
Filton
is a large suburban town and civil parish in South Gloucestershire, England, north of the City of Bristol
Bristol
and approximately 5 miles (8.0 km) from the city centre. The town centres upon Filton
Filton
Church, which dates back to the 12th century and is a Grade II listed building.[2][3][4] The name of the town comes from the Old English feleþe (hay), and tūn (farm, field). The name dates back to at least 1187. Filton
Filton
has large areas of open space which include several playing fields, a golf course and the former Filton Airport
Filton Airport
(closed in 2012).

Contents

1 Connections, districts and facilities 2 Industry 3 Population 4 Administration 5 History 6 Twin towns 7 Sport 8 Climate 9 External links 10 References

Connections, districts and facilities[edit] Filton
Filton
can be reached from Junction 1 of the M32 motorway, or from Junction 16 of the M5 motorway. The town is well served by rail with Filton
Filton
Abbey Wood serving areas in the south of the town, Bristol Parkway serving areas to the north and east and Patchway
Patchway
in the west of the town. Districts within the town include East Filton, Filton
Filton
Park and Northville. East Filton, which has grown up east of the Bristol-South Wales railway line and is mostly in the neighbouring civil parish of Stoke Gifford, contains the offices of the Ministry of Defence's Defence Procurement Agency, plus a shopping park. Filton
Filton
Park is a suburb of Bristol
Bristol
and lies directly on the city border, sandwiched between the A38 trunk road and Southmead
Southmead
Road. Filton
Filton
itself lies to the north and east of Filton
Filton
Park. Monks Park
Monks Park
is to the south. Housing in Filton
Filton
Park is mainly privately owned, semi-detached and 1930s built. Pre- World War I
World War I
properties in the district tend to be quite large, with generous gardens. Extensive playing fields border the north-western side of Southmead
Southmead
Road. The golf links, on the hillside beyond, is owned by Filton
Filton
Golf Club. The area has a primary school and a playgroup. Filton
Filton
Park is regarded as a desirable place to live since it is close to major centres of employment such as BAE Systems, and Defence Equipment & Support at Abbey Wood. Filton's educational facilities include South Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
and Stroud College, Abbeywood Community School
Abbeywood Community School
and several primary schools. The University of the West of England
England
is at nearby Frenchay. Filton
Filton
has two main shopping areas – the Shield Centre (on the site of the former Shield Laundry) and Abbey Wood Retail Park, as well as other shops. To the east of the town there is a small area of woodland known as Splatt's Abbey Wood. Industry[edit]

Aircraft hangars on Filton
Filton
Airfield. The Bristol
Bristol
Brabazon, Bristol Britannia and Concorde
Concorde
aircraft were constructed here.

Filton
Filton
has an aerospace connection dating back to the establishment of the Bristol
Bristol
Aeroplane Company. Aerospace
Aerospace
companies in Filton
Filton
include BAE Systems, Airbus, Rolls-Royce and MBDA, all located around the former Filton
Filton
Aerodrome. The Concorde
Concorde
supersonic airliner was built here in the late 1960s and 1970s; on 26 November 2003 Concorde
Concorde
216 (G-BOAF)[5] made the final flight of a Concorde, returning to Filton to be kept there permanently as the centrepiece of the Aerospace Bristol
Bristol
museum,[6] which opened in 2017. This museum also houses the Bristol
Bristol
Aero Collection and examples of helicopters and missiles built at Filton. Other employers include the MOD, Viridor, Hewlett Packard
Hewlett Packard
and the Royal Mail. Filton
Filton
is also home to the regional blood processing facility, NHS Blood and Transplant
NHS Blood and Transplant
Filton.[7] Bristol
Bristol
Cars was a manufacturer of hand-built luxury cars, based in Filton. Bristol
Bristol
Cars had neither distributors nor dealers and dealt directly with customers; they had a showroom in Kensington
Kensington
in London. They claimed to be the last wholly British-owned luxury car builder. The company went into administration on 3 March 2011.[8] Population[edit] The population of the parish at the 2011 Census was 10,607.[1] The Filton
Filton
built-up area defined by the Office for National Statistics
Office for National Statistics
is a large outer suburban area north of Bristol
Bristol
which includes Almondsbury, Patchway, Little Stoke, Stoke Gifford
Stoke Gifford
and Bradley Stoke, and had a population of 59,495 in 2011.[9] Administration[edit]

Part of the Defence Equipment and Support
Defence Equipment and Support
building at Abbey Wood, Filton. The site employs over 13,000 people, managing procurement contracts for the Navy, the Army and the Air Force.

Filton Town Council is a parish council made up of thirteen councillors and forming the first tier of local government. Filton
Filton
was in Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
until 1974 when it became part of the newly formed county of Avon. In 1996 the Avon authority was abolished and the area became part of the unitary authority of South Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
and rejoined the ceremonial county of Gloucestershire. Filton
Filton
is represented in the House of Commons by Jack Lopresti, Conservative Party Member of Parliament (MP) for the constituency of Filton
Filton
and Bradley Stoke. An electoral ward with the same name exists. The area and population are identical to those of the parish. History[edit]

South Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
and Stroud College

For history related to aeroplanes and flying, see Bristol
Bristol
Filton Airport#History.

Thousands of mites, farthings and other coins of the Roman emperors, Domitian, Constantine
Constantine
and Constans
Constans
were found in a bank by some boys in 1880. Many of the coins were in excellent condition.[10] At the dawn of the 20th century, Filton
Filton
was a small village, still detached from the city of Bristol
Bristol
to the south. Farming was the principal occupation. However, there was a large factory-like laundry in the village, opposite Filton
Filton
House, owned by Samuel Shield. The Bristol
Bristol
to South Wales railway line passed through the village. There was a small station near the site of the current Abbey Wood station. A much larger railway station, known as Filton
Filton
Junction, opened in 1910, after the alternate rail route from Bristol
Bristol
to London was finished. In 1907 the northern terminus for Bristol
Bristol
Tramways was moved out from Horfield
Horfield
to Filton. Tram production in the tramway sheds commenced in 1908. The manufacture of aeroplanes started in the Bristol
Bristol
Tramway sheds in 1910 and aero-engine production started in 1920. Between the wars, Filton
Filton
expanded rapidly to become a suburb of Bristol. Initially development (semi-detached housing) was concentrated on the western side of the A38, in an area known as Filton
Filton
Park. In the 1930s, the area on the eastern side of the A38 started to be developed. Eventually, Filton
Filton
became part of the Bristol conurbation, although it remained, as it does now, outside the city boundary. During the 1920s and 1930s, two infant/primary schools and one secondary school were built in Filton
Filton
to accommodate the growing number of school-age children in the area. Many of these children were evacuated when World War II
World War II
started in 1939, but returned later, during the Phoney War. Filton
Filton
High School, originally a grammar school, but later a comprehensive, started to take pupils in 1960. In 2010 Filton
Filton
High was demolished and replaced with Abbeywood Community School. In the late 1940s, the main runway of Filton Aerodrome
Filton Aerodrome
was greatly extended for the Bristol
Bristol
Brabazon project. Charlton village was demolished and the pre-war Filton
Filton
bypass was severed. In the early 1960s, a new bypass was constructed, roughly parallel to the old one, and this later became part of the M5 motorway. Sandwiched between roads, factories, railway lines and the aerodrome, Filton
Filton
expanded little after World War II. However, from the late 1970s a trading estate slowly developed on the eastern side of the Bristol/South Wales railway line in what is now known as East Filton. During the mid-1970s the A38 trunk road was upgraded to a dual carriageway. Station Road, a country lane in the early part of the 20th century, was also widened to become a dual carriageway and form part of the Avon Ring Road. In 1973, the Rolls-Royce car division was separated as Rolls-Royce Motors. Rolls-Royce (1971) Limited (the engine division) was privatised in 1987 as Rolls-Royce plc. Later, the Ministry of Defence set up a large office complex, known as Abbey Wood, in the same area. Twin towns[edit]

St Vallier-sur-Rhône, France Witzenhausen, Germany

Sport[edit]

The Bristol
Bristol
Academy of Sport is based at South Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
and Stroud College. Filton
Filton
Cycling Speedway Club was formed in January 2006.[11] The club uses a cycle track built by Filton Town Council and recognised to be one of the best in the country, with its setting in Elm Park. St Vallier FC (named after its French twin) is a youth football team.[12] Filton
Filton
Golf Club has an 18-hole course.[13] There is also a table tennis club.[14]

Climate[edit] Filton
Filton
has a temperate maritime climate, with comfortable, mostly dry summers and cold, mostly wet winters. The temperature is usually between at or below freezing (0 °C (32 °F)) on 39.4 days per year and 23.1 °C (73.6 °F), but between 2005 and 2014, the temperature ranged from −6.7 °C (19.9 °F) to 33.8 °C (92.8 °F).

Climate data for Filton
Filton
73 m amsl (2004-present)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 13.4 (56.1) 16.2 (61.2) 21.5 (70.7) 25.3 (77.5) 27.7 (81.9) 30.8 (87.4) 33.8 (92.8) 31.2 (88.2) 27.9 (82.2) 27.6 (81.7) 17.6 (63.7) 13.6 (56.5) 33.8 (92.8)

Average high °C (°F) 7.8 (46) 7.9 (46.2) 10.5 (50.9) 13.3 (55.9) 16.6 (61.9) 19.6 (67.3) 21.5 (70.7) 21.2 (70.2) 18.6 (65.5) 14.5 (58.1) 10.6 (51.1) 8 (46) 14.18 (57.48)

Average low °C (°F) 2.2 (36) 1.9 (35.4) 3.7 (38.7) 5 (41) 8.1 (46.6) 11.1 (52) 13.2 (55.8) 13 (55) 10.8 (51.4) 8.1 (46.6) 4.8 (40.6) 2.5 (36.5) 7.03 (44.63)

Record low °C (°F) −6.6 (20.1) −6.1 (21) −4.3 (24.3) −2.5 (27.5) 2.7 (36.9) 5.3 (41.5) 8.2 (46.8) 7.2 (45) 4.3 (39.7) −1.8 (28.8) −5.9 (21.4) −6.7 (19.9) −6.7 (19.9)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 82.3 (3.24) 53.8 (2.118) 58.6 (2.307) 49.3 (1.941) 62.3 (2.453) 55.2 (2.173) 54.6 (2.15) 64.2 (2.528) 68 (2.68) 85.4 (3.362) 82.6 (3.252) 85.9 (3.382) 802.2 (31.586)

Average rainy days (≥ 1 mm) 12.5 9.7 10.8 9.4 10.1 8.6 9.1 9.6 8.9 12.1 12.8 12.4 126

Mean monthly sunshine hours 58.5 74.8 112.7 170.8 199.6 214.7 217.7 201.8 149.9 104.8 69.1 52.7 1,627.1

Source #1: Filton
Filton
Weather Extremes [15]

Source #2: Filton
Filton
Climate Info [16]

External links[edit] Media related to Filton
Filton
at Wikimedia Commons

Filton
Filton
Sector Avon and Somerset Constabulary Filton
Filton
Weather Filton
Filton
weather

References[edit]

^ a b UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Filton
Filton
Parish (1170211816)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 April 2018.  ^ "Church of St. Peter". Images of England. Retrieved 17 July 2006.  ^ " Filton
Filton
Parish Church – St. Peter, Filton, Bristol
Bristol
UK". Filton Parish Church. Archived from the original on 28 February 2013. Retrieved 4 January 2013.  ^ "The Parish of St Peters Filton". Filton
Filton
Parish Church. Retrieved 4 January 2013.  ^ BAC/Aerospatiale Concorde
Concorde
202, G-BBDG Archived 29 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Concorde
Concorde
at Filton
Filton
Archived 6 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine. ^ NHSBT Filton
Filton
Archived 10 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-bristol-12641665 ^ UK Census (2011). "Local Area Report – Filton
Filton
Built-up area (1119885034)". Nomis. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 1 April 2018.  ^ "Discovery of Roman Coins". The Cornishman (95). 6 November 1880. p. 7.  ^ Filton
Filton
Cycling Speedway Club ^ St Vallier FC Archived 28 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Filton
Filton
Golf Club ^ Filton
Filton
Table Tennis Club Archived 6 August 2007 at Archive.is ^ http://www.martynhicks.uk/weather/data.php?page=extremes ^ http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/public/weather/climate/gcnjj2su7

v t e

Places in South Gloucestershire

Abson Acton Turville Almondsbury Alveston Aust Awkley Badminton Bagstone Bitton Bradley Stoke Bridgeyate Cadbury Heath Catbrain Charfield Charlton Charlton Hayes Cheswick Chipping Sodbury Churchend Coalpit Heath Codrington Cold Ashton Compton Greenfield Conham Cowhill Cribbs Causeway Cromhall Dodington Downend Doynton Duckhole Dunkirk Dyrham Earthcott Easter Compton Elberton Emersons Green Engine Common Falfield Filton Frampton Cotterell Frenchay Gaunt's Earthcott Hallen Hambrook Hanham Harry Stoke Hawkesbury Hawkesbury Upton Henfield Hill Hinton Horton Ingst Iron Acton Itchington Kendleshire Kingswood Latteridge Little Badminton Little Sodbury Little Stoke Littleton-upon-Severn Longwell Green Mangotsfield Marshfield Mayshill Milbury Heath Morton New Passage Nibley North Common Northwick Old Down Old Sodbury Oldbury Naite Oldbury-on-Severn Oldland Oldland
Oldland
Common Olveston Over Patchway Pennsylvania Petty France Pilning Pucklechurch Ram Hill Rangeworthy Redwick Rockhampton Rudgeway Severn Beach Shepperdine Siston Soundwell Staple Hill Stoke Gifford Stoke Lodge Swineford Thornbury Tockington Tormarton Tortworth Tytherington Upton Cheyney Wapley Warmley Watley's End Westerleigh Whitfield Wick Wickwar Willsbridge Winterbourne Winterbourne Down Yate

v t e

Subdivisions of Bristol

Parliament constituencies

Bristol
Bristol
West Bristol
Bristol
East Bristol
Bristol
South Bristol
Bristol
North West

Wards

Ashley Avonmouth Bedminster Bishopston Bishopsworth Brislington
Brislington
East Brislington
Brislington
West Cabot Clifton Clifton East Cotham Easton Eastville Filwood Frome Vale Hartcliffe Henbury Hengrove Henleaze Hillfields Horfield Kingsweston Knowle Lawrence Hill Lockleaze Redland Southmead Southville St George East St George West Stockwood Stoke Bishop Westbury-on-Trym Whitchurch Park Windmill Hill

See also: List of wards in Bristol
Bristol
by population

Neighbourhoods

City centre Arnos Vale Ashley Down Ashton Gate Ashton Vale Avonmouth Baptist Mills Barton Hill Bedminster Bedminster Down Bishopston Bishopsworth Blaise Hamlet Bower Ashton Brentry Brislington Broadmead Broomhill near Brislington Broomhill near Stapleton Canon's Marsh Chester Park Chittening Clifton Cliftonwood Coombe Dingle Cotham Crew's Hole Crofts End Easton Eastville Filwood Park Fishponds Golden Hill Greenbank Hartcliffe Headley Park Henbury Hengrove Henleaze Hillfields Horfield Hotwells Kensington
Kensington
Park Kingsdown Knowle Knowle West Lawrence Hill Lawrence Weston Lockleaze Lodge Hill Mayfield Park Monks Park Montpelier Old City Redcliffe Redfield Redland Ridgeway Sea Mills Shirehampton Sneyd Park Southmead Southville Speedwell Spike Island St Andrew's St Anne's St. George St. Jude's St. Paul's St Philip's Marsh St. Werburgh's Stapleton Stockwood Stoke Bishop Totterdown Tyndall's Park Upper Knowle Westbury-on-Trym Westbury Park Whitehall Windmill Hill Withywood

The following suburbs are in the same urban area, but lie in South Gloucestershire
Gloucestershire
or North Somerset:

Bradley Stoke Conham Downend Emerson's Green Filton Frenchay Hambrook Hanham Kingswood Little Stoke Longwell Green Mangotsfield Oldland
Oldland
Common Patchway Soundwell Staple Hill Stoke Gifford Warmley Whitchurch Willsb

.