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The Info List - Fiat Tipo





The Fiat
Fiat
Tipo (Type 160) is a compact car, designed by the I.DE.A Institute design house, and produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat between 1988 and 1995. The Tipo was initially available only as a five door hatchback. The car was made entirely out of galvanized body panels to avoid rust, and was built on a completely new Fiat
Fiat
platform, which was later used on Fiat, Alfa Romeo, and Lancia models. It also stood out because of its boxy styling that gave it innovative levels of packaging, rear passenger room being greater than that in a rear wheel drive Ford Sierra, but in a car that was of a similar size to the smaller Ford Escort. This type of design was comparable to the smaller Fiat
Fiat
Uno, which was launched five years before the Tipo. For 1989, the Tipo won the European Car of the Year award and 1989 Semperit Irish Car of the Year
Semperit Irish Car of the Year
in Ireland. The car has been extremely popular in Brazil. It outsold the Volkswagen Gol, which had been the best selling Brazilian car for over twenty years. Only the Tipo, the Fiat
Fiat
Uno Mille, and Fiat
Fiat
Palio have also ever outsold the Gol.

Contents

1 Variants

1.1 Production elsewhere 1.2 Petrol 1.3 Diesel

2 Derivatives 3 References 4 External links

Variants[edit]

Five door Tipo 1.4, rear view

Unveiled in January 1988, the Tipo went on sale in Europe during June 1988, and on the right hand drive market in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
from 16 July 1988,[5] initially base (i.e.), DGT, (early Italian market DGT models were badged as 'digit', presumably in recognition of the digital dash, but this was quickly changed to DGT after a dispute over ownership of the name, leading to confusion about whether the model was diesel powered) S, SX and 16v trim levels were available. "Tipo" is Spanish for "kind", and Italian for "type". Power from 58 to 148 PS (43 to 109 kW; 57 to 146 bhp) came from 1.1, 1.4, 1.6, 1.7, 1.8, 1.8 16v, 2.0, and 2.0 16v petrol engines, as well as a 1.7 diesel, 1.9 diesel, and 1.9 turbodiesel. The 1.1 base engine was widely regarded as underpowered for the car, which was otherwise roomy for five adults and with above average equipment. This version was never sold in the United Kingdom. The top of the range was the 2.0 Sedicivalvole (16 valves). The Sedicivalvole gained its engine from the Lancia Thema, and with a much smaller and lighter bodyshell to house it, this power unit brought superb performance and handling, and a top speed of around 130 mph (210 km/h), which made it faster than the Volkswagen Golf GTI of that era. The United Kingdom
United Kingdom
market initially received only the 1.4 and 1.6 versions of the Tipo, with the 1.8 and 2.0 petrol engines and the diesel powered units not being imported until the early 1990s. The smaller Uno had been a huge success there during the 1980s (peaking at more than 40,000 sales in 1988) and it was widely expected by both Fiat
Fiat
and by the motoring press that the Tipo would prove similarly successful, but sales ultimately fell below expectations.

Second series Tipo five door ( Tofaş
Tofaş
built version)

The Tipo was facelifted in 1993, and a three door version was added, as well as minor exterior changes (the two evolutions of the car can be differentiated by their slightly different radiator grilles and headlamps) and improved specifications; safety features like stiffer bodyshells, driver's airbag, and side impact bars were added to the range. This included the new S, SX, and SLX trim levels, as well as a new eight valve 2.0 GT model. The Tipo ceased production in the summer of 1995, and was replaced by the three door Fiat
Fiat
Bravo and five-door Fiat
Fiat
Brava. The Tempra saloon and estate (station wagon) were replaced by the Marea. The Bravo and Brava were strong sellers throughout Europe, but the Marea was a disappointment in most markets.

Fiat
Fiat
Tipo Sedicivalvole in a classic car show, NEC Birmingham, UK

It was a reasonably strong seller in the United Kingdom, initially winning plaudits for its innovative and practical design, as well as its good handling. It was originally sold with only 1.4 and 1.6 petrol engines, although the 16 valve 1.8 and 2.0 engines with fuel injection became available there in the early 1990s. The digital dashboard of higher end models proved to be controversial and unreliable. The car launched into a favourable market in the United Kingdom, where none of the "big three" carmakers (Ford, Vauxhall, and Austin Rover) had launched an all new car of this size for at least four years. However, these three marques all had new Tipo sized products within three years, and increased competition reduced the Tipo's sales. Its fortunes outside Italy also suffered in the early 1990s, as it was launched around the same time as France's Renault 19, and was soon followed by host of other new rivals, including the Citroën ZX. The final two years (1994 and 1995) saw a significant increase in sales, but these were mostly of the low priced 1.4 litre models. Production elsewhere[edit] In Brazil, it only started to be produced in 1995, in a single trim level. It had a 1.6 litre, eight valve engine with multipoint fuel injection, which offered a 10 PS (7.4 kW) increase compared to the old 1.6 litre i.e., producing 92 PS (68 kW). Previously, the Tipo had been imported from Italy and was available with three different trims that were closely associated with its engines: the basic 1.6 i.e., the luxurious 2.0 litre (eight valve), and the sporty two litre, sixteen valve Sedicivalvole. Seventeen 1.7 litre models were also brought in; they are all in Estoril Blue color and received complete equipment. It was also built in Turkey, by Tofaş. The Turkish built cars generally did not feature catalytic converters and some thus have marginally more power than the models listed in the table beneath.[6] The Turkish cars also have a small "Tofaş" logo on the left side of the bootlid, and production there continued at least until 2000.

Petrol[edit]

Model Engine Cat Displ Power Torque

1.1 FIRE 160A3.000 — 1,108 cc 56 PS (41 kW; 55 hp) at 5,500 rpm 89 N⋅m (66 lb⋅ft) at 2,900 rpm

1.4 i.e., S 160A1.046

1,372 cc 70 PS (51 kW; 69 hp) at 6,000 rpm 106 N⋅m (78 lb⋅ft) at 3,000 rpm

159A2.000 — 78 PS (57 kW; 77 hp) at 6,000 rpm 108 N⋅m (80 lb⋅ft) at 2,900 rpm

1.4, DGT[7] 160A1.000 — 1,372 cc 71 PS (52 kW; 70 hp) at 6,000 rpm 105 N⋅m (77 lb⋅ft) at 3,750 rpm

160A1.048

72 PS (53 kW; 71 hp) at 6,000 rpm 105 N⋅m (77 lb⋅ft) at 3,750 rpm

1.6 i.e.[7] 159A3.046

1,581 cc 80 PS (59 kW; 79 hp) at 6,000 rpm 128 N⋅m (94 lb⋅ft) at 3,000 rpm

159A3.048 76 PS (56 kW; 75 hp) at 6,000 rpm (ECE) 124 N⋅m (91 lb⋅ft) at 3,000 rpm

1.6 DGT[7] 160A2.000 — 1,581 cc 86 PS (63 kW; 85 hp) at 5,800 rpm 132 N⋅m (97 lb⋅ft) at 2,900 rpm

82 PS (60 kW; 81 hp) at 6,000 rpm (ECE) 130 N⋅m (96 lb⋅ft) at 2,900 rpm

1.6 i.e. 149.C2.046

1,585 cc 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) at 6,250 rpm 122 N⋅m (90 lb⋅ft) at 4,250 rpm

1.7 i.e. or 1.6 S i.e. 1994-1996: Export model Germany, Greece, Brazil (17 sold), Turkey

1,676 cc 90 PS (66 kW; 89 hp) at 5,900 rpm 130 N⋅m (96 lb⋅ft) at 3,000 rpm

1.8 i.e. 159A4.000 — 1,756 cc 110 PS (81 kW; 108 hp) at 6,000 rpm 142 N⋅m (105 lb⋅ft) at 2,500 rpm

1.8 i.e. 16V Sedicivalvole 160A5.000 — 1,756 cc 138 PS (101 kW; 136 hp) at 6,250 rpm 167 N⋅m (123 lb⋅ft) at 4,600 rpm[8]

2.0 i.e. 159A6.046

1,995 cc 115 PS (85 kW; 113 hp) at 5,750 rpm 159 N⋅m (117 lb⋅ft) at 3,300 rpm[8]

159A5.046 109 PS (80 kW; 108 hp) at ? rpm ? at ? rpm

2.0 i.e. 16V Sedicivalvole 160A8.046

1,995 cc 148 PS (109 kW; 146 hp) at 6,250 rpm 173 N⋅m (128 lb⋅ft) at 5,000 rpm[8]

2.0 i.e. 16V Sport 836A3.000

1,995 cc 142 PS (104 kW; 140 hp) at 6,000 rpm 180 N⋅m (130 lb⋅ft) at 4,500 rpm (CEE)

Diesel[edit]

Model Engine Displacement Power Torque

1.7 D, DS 149B4.000 1,697 cc 58 PS (43 kW; 57 hp) at 4,600 rpm 100 N⋅m (74 lb⋅ft) at 2,900 rpm[8]

1.9 DS DGT 160A7.000 1,929 cc 65 PS (48 kW; 64 hp) at 4,600 rpm 119 N⋅m (88 lb⋅ft) at 2,000 rpm

1.9 T.ds, DSX 850A6.000 1,929 cc 92 PS (68 kW; 91 hp) at 4,100 rpm 190 N⋅m (140 lb⋅ft) at 2,400 rpm

Derivatives[edit] The Tipo platform spawned nine more cars. The first of these was the Yugo Sana/ Zastava Florida
Zastava Florida
in November 1988 followed by the Lancia Dedra sedan in 1989 and the Fiat
Fiat
Tempra in 1990. The large family car Alfa Romeo 155, the coupé Fiat
Fiat
Coupé
Coupé
and the Lancia Delta
Lancia Delta
Nuova were all introduced in 1993 and were also built on the Tipo platform, as were the Alfa Romeo 145 and 146
Alfa Romeo 145 and 146
and the Alfa Romeo Spider and GTV (with a different rear suspension and other chassis refinements) from 1994 to 1995. References[edit]

^ a b "Fiat/Models/ Fiat
Fiat
Tipo". carsfromitaly.net. Retrieved 2007-07-03.  ^ " Fiat
Fiat
di Pomigliano: riapre la fabbrica, ma a ottobre addio all'Alfa". metropolisweb.it (in Italian). Retrieved 2011-09-04.  ^ Koopmann, Chris. "Ercole Spada". zagato-cars.com. Retrieved 2012-05-24.  ^ "Curiosidades Tipo". Fiat
Fiat
Tipo Portugal. Archived from the original on 5 March 2012. Retrieved 30 December 2013.  ^ " Fiat
Fiat
Tipo Review Covering 1988 - 1995". GB: CompuCars. Retrieved 2011-08-07.  ^ Özenen, Hakan, ed. (December 1996). "Türk pazarındaki otomobillerin teknik verileri" [Technical data for Turkish market automobiles]. Auto Capital (in Turkish). Istanbul, Turkey: Hürgüç Gazetecilik A.Ş. (1): 114.  ^ a b c Büschi, Hans U., ed. (March 1991). Automobil Revue 1991 (in German and French). 86. Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag AG. p. 263. ISBN 3-444-00514-8.  ^ a b c d Automobil Revue 1991, pp. 264–267

External links[edit]

Media related to Fiat
Fiat
Tipo at Wikimedia Commons History of the Fiat
Fiat
Tipo Fiat
Fiat
Tipo (2016) walkaround (YouTube)

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Fiat
Fiat
Automobiles and Fiat
Fiat
Professional

Current models

Cars

Mobi Panda 500 Uno Argo Grand Siena Punto Linea Tipo/Egea 124 Spider

Crossovers/SUVs

500X Panda 4x4/Cross

Minivans

500L 500L Living

Vans

Doblò Ducato Fiorino Qubo Talento

Pickup trucks

Doblò Work Up/Pratico Ducato Flatbed Strada Toro Fullback

Historic models List of Fiats

1980–2014

Panda Panorama Argenta Uno Oggi Regata Croma Duna/Prêmio Tipo Tempra Cinquecento Coupé Punto Ulysse Barchetta Bravo Bravo/Brava Marea Palio Siena Multipla Seicento Stilo Albea Idea Panda II Croma II Sedici

1950–1979

1400 Campagnola 8V 1900 1100/103 600 Fiat
Fiat
1200 500 1200/1500/1600 Cabriolet 1800 2100 1300 1500 2300 850 124

124 Sport Coupé 124 Sport Spider

Dino 125 128 130 127 126 132 X1/9 131 133 147 Ritmo/Strada

1920–1949

510 520 "Superfiat" 502 519 509 503 507 512 520 521 525 514 515 522 524 508 Balilla 518 Ardita 527 1500 500 "Topolino" 508 C 2800 1100

1899–1919

4 HP 6 HP 8 HP 10 HP 12 HP 16-20 HP 24-32 HP 60 HP Brevetti 1 Zero 2B 70 501 505

LCVs

1100 T 238 241 242 900T Daily Fiorino Marengo

Concept models

Downtown Oltre Phylla Trepiùno Turbina X1/23

Racing cars

130 HP 28-40 HP Mephistofeles S74 S76 Record

Armored vehicles

2000 L6/40 L3/35 3000 M11/39 M13/40 M14/41

Fiat
Fiat
Automobiles S.p.A. website Fiat
Fiat
Professional S.p.A. website Two subsidiaries of Fiat
Fiat
Chrysler Automobiles Italy

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Fiat
car timeline (Europe), 1980s–present

Type 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

City car 126 Cinquecento Seicento / 600

500

Panda I Panda II Panda III

Supermini Hatchback 127

Punto I Punto II

Uno Palio

Grande Punto Punto Evo Punto

Sedan

Duna

Siena Albea

Compact car Hatchback Ritmo Tipo Bravo I / Brava Stilo Bravo II Tipo

Sedan 128

131 Regata Tempra Marea

Linea Tipo

Mid-size car/Station wagon 132 Argenta Croma I

Croma II

Cabriolet

Ritmo Cabrio

Punto Cabrio

500C

Coupé

Coupé

Spider

Spidereuropa

Barchetta

Barchetta

124 Spider

Sports car X1/9

LAV Fiorino I Fiorino II

Fiorino III / Qubo

Doblò I Doblò II

Mini CUV

Sedici 500X

Mini MPV

Idea 500L

Compact MPV

Multipla

Large MPV

Ulysse I Ulysse II Freemont

LCV Daily

Scudo I Scudo II Talento

Ducato I Ducato II Ducato III

Mini pickup

Strada

Pickup

Fullback

Off-road Campagnola (1107)

Legend

     Manufactured by Pininfarina
Pininfarina
from 1983      Manufactured by Berto

.