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Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
(Soldiers of Destiny or Warriors of Fál),[18] officially Fianna Fáil – The Republican Party,[19] (Irish: Fianna Fáil – An Páirtí Poblachtach)[20][4][5][6][21] is a political party in Ireland. The party was founded as an Irish republican party on 23 March 1926 by Éamon de Valera
Éamon de Valera
and his supporters after they split from Sinn Féin on the issue of abstentionism,[22] in the aftermath of the Irish Civil War. Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
has since 1927 been one of Ireland's two major parties, along with Fine Gael; both are seen as being centre-right parties, and as being to the right of the Labour Party and Sinn Féin. The party dominated Irish political life for most of the 20th century, and since its foundation either it or Fine Gael
Fine Gael
has led every government. Between 1989 and 2011, it led coalition governments with parties of both the left and the right. Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
was last in government from 1997 to 2011 under Bertie Ahern and Brian Cowen, with a periodic high of 81 seats in 2002, reduced to 77 in 2007 and then to 20 in 2011, the lowest in the party's history. Having won 44 seats at the 2016 general election, Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
is currently the largest Opposition party in both houses ( Dáil Éireann
Dáil Éireann
and Seanad Éireann) of the Oireachtas,[23] with party leader Micheál Martin
Micheál Martin
entering into a confidence and supply arrangement with a Fine Gael-led minority government at the beginning of the 32nd Dáil.[24] Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
is a member of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe[25] and of Liberal International.[26] The party is also organised in Northern Ireland
Ireland
and intends to run in local government elections there for the first time in 2019.[27]

Contents

1 History 2 Organisation and structure 3 Ideology 4 Leadership and president

4.1 Deputy leader 4.2 Seanad leader

5 General election results 6 Front bench

6.1 Dáil Éireann 6.2 Seanad Éireann

7 Ógra Fianna Fáil 8 Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
and Northern Ireland
Ireland
politics 9 In European institutions 10 See also 11 References 12 Further reading 13 External links

History[edit]

Alternative logo

Alternative logo – glyph version

Main article: History of Fianna Fáil Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
was founded by Éamon de Valera, formerly leader of Sinn Féin.[28] He and a number of other members split from Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
when a motion he proposed—which called for elected members to be allowed to take their seats in Dáil Éireann
Dáil Éireann
if and when the controversial Oath of Allegiance was removed—failed to pass at the Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
Ard Fheis in 1926.[29] The party adopted its name on 2 April of the same year. While Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
was also opposed to the Treaty settlement, it rejected abstentionism, instead aiming to republicanise the Irish Free State from within. The party's platform of economic autarky had appeal among the farmers, working-class people and the poor, while alienating more affluent classes.[30] Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
first entered government on 9 March 1932. It was in power for 61 of the 79 years between then and the election of 2011. Its longest continuous period in office has been 15 years and 11 months (March 1932 – February 1948). Its single longest period out of office in the 20th century was four years and four months (March 1973 – July 1977). Seven of the party's eight leaders have served as Taoiseach. Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
joined the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) party on 16 April 2009, and the party's Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) sat in the ALDE Group during the 7th European Parliament term from June 2009 to 1 July 2014. The party is an observer affiliate of the Liberal International.[31] It was the largest party in the Dáil after every general election from the 1932 general election until the 2007 general election. In the 2011 general election it suffered the worst defeat of a sitting government in the history of the Irish state.[32][33] This loss was described as "historic" in its proportions,[34] and "unthinkable".[35] The party fell from being the largest party in the Dáil to the third largest; it won 20 seats, compared to its previous performance of well over 60 seats at every election since 1932. Organisation and structure[edit] Fianna Fáil's success was credited by The Irish Times
The Irish Times
to its local structure. The basic unit was the cumann (branch) which were then grouped into comhairle ceantair (district branch) and a comhairle dáil ceantair (constituency branch) in every constituency. At the party's height, it had 3,000 cumainn, an average of 75 per constituency. The party claimed 55,000 members in 2004, a figure which Eoin O'Malley, a political scientist, considers exaggerated compared to membership figures for other parties. However, since the early 1990s the cumann structure was weakened. Every cumann was entitled to three votes to selection conventions irrespective of its size; hence, a large number of cumainn became in effect "paper cumainn", the only use of which was to ensure an aspiring or sitting candidate got enough votes. Another problem arose with the emergence of parallel organisations grouped around candidates or elected officials. Supporters and election workers for a particular candidate were loyal to a candidate and not to the party. If the candidate were to leave the party, through either resignation, retirement or defeat at an election, the candidate's supporters would often depart. Although this phenomenon was nothing new (the most famous example being Neil Blaney's "Donegal Mafia")[36] it increased significantly from the early 1990s, particularly in the Dublin
Dublin
Region with former Taoiseach
Taoiseach
Bertie Ahern's "Drumcondra mafia" and the groups supporting Tom Kitt
Tom Kitt
and Séamus Brennan
Séamus Brennan
in Dublin
Dublin
South that were largely separate from the official party structure. Since the 2007 election, the party's structure has significantly weakened. This was in part exacerbated by significant infighting between candidates in the run-up to the 2011 general election.[37] The Irish Times
Irish Times
estimated that half of its 3,000 cumainn are effectively moribund. This fraction rises in Dublin
Dublin
with the exception of Dublin West, the former seat of both Brian Lenihan, Snr and Brian Lenihan, Jnr.[38] Ideology[edit] Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
is seen as a typical catch-all party. R. Ken Carty wrote of Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
and Fine Gael
Fine Gael
that they were 'heterogeneous in their bases of support, relatively undifferentiated in terms of policy or programme, and remarkably stable in their support levels'. Evidence from expert surveys, opinion polls and candidate surveys all fail to identify strong distinctions between the two parties.[39][40][41][42] Many point to Ireland's civil war politics and feel that the basis for the division is the disagreement about the strategy to achieve a united Ireland. Kevin Byrne and political scientist Eoin O'Malley rejected this and have argued that the differences between the two parties goes much further back in Irish history. They linked the parties to different nationalist traditions (Irish Enlightenment and Gaelic Nationalist) which in turn could be linked to migrations of Anglo-Norman and new English into Ireland
Ireland
and the native Gaelic population.[43] Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
is seen as conservative, like Fine Gael, but also as a nationalist party.[3][4][6] It has presented itself as a "broad church",[44] and attracted support from across disparate social classes.[45][46] Between 1989 and 2011, it led coalition governments with parties of both the left and the right. Fianna Fáil’s platform contains a number of enduring aspects however, namely a commitment to Irish unity, to the promotion and protection of the Irish language, and to maintaining Ireland’s tradition of military neutrality.[47][48] Distinctly more populist,[49] nationalist and, generally speaking, more economically interventionist[50] than Fine Gael, the party nonetheless shares its rival's support of the European Union and a mutual opposition to physical force republicanism. The party's name and logo incorporates the words 'The Republican Party'. According to Fianna Fáil, "Republican here stands both for the unity of the island and a commitment to the historic principles of European republican philosophy, namely liberty, equality and fraternity".[51] Leadership and president[edit] Main article: Leader of Fianna Fáil Although the posts of leader and party president of Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
are separate, with the former elected by the Parliamentary Party and the latter elected by the Ardfheis (thus allowing for the posts to be held by different people, in theory), in practice they have always been held by the one person. However, as the Ardfheis may have already been held in any given year by the time a new leader is elected, the selection of the new party president might not take place until the next year. The following are the terms of office as party leader and as Taoiseach:

Leader Period Constituency Years as Taoiseach

Éamon de Valera 1926–1959 Clare 1932–1933–1937–1938–1943–1944–1948; 1951–1954; 1957–1959 (Government of the 7th Dáil, 8th Dáil, 9th Dáil, 10th Dáil, 11th Dáil, 12th Dáil, 14th Dáil and 16th Dáil)

Seán Lemass 1959–1966 Dublin
Dublin
South-Central 1959–1961–1965–1966 (Government of the 16th Dáil, 17th Dáil and 18th Dáil)

Jack Lynch 1966–1979 Cork Borough (1948–69) Cork City North-West (1969–77) Cork City (1977–81) 1966–1969–1973; 1977–1979 (Government of the 18th Dáil, 19th Dáil and 21st Dáil)

Charles Haughey 1979–1992 Dublin
Dublin
North-East (1957–77) Dublin
Dublin
Artane (1977–81) Dublin
Dublin
North-Central (1981–92) 1979–1981; Feb 1982–Nov 1982; 1987–1989–1992 (Government of the 21st Dáil, 23rd Dáil, 25th Dáil and 26th Dáil)

Albert Reynolds 1992–1994 Longford–Roscommon 1992–1992–1994 (22nd Government of Ireland
Ireland
and 23rd Government of Ireland)

Bertie Ahern 1994–2008 Dublin
Dublin
Central 1997–2002–2007–2008 (Government of the 28th Dáil, 29th Dáil and 30th Dáil)

Brian Cowen 2008–2011 Laois–Offaly 2008–2011 (Government of the 30th Dáil)

Micheál Martin 2011–present Cork South-Central

Deputy leader[edit]

Name Period Constituency Leader

Joseph Brennan 1973–77 Donegal–Leitrim Jack Lynch

George Colley 1977–82 Dublin
Dublin
Central Jack Lynch Charles Haughey

Ray MacSharry 1982–83 Sligo–Leitrim Charles Haughey

Brian Lenihan, Snr 1983–90 Dublin
Dublin
West Charles Haughey

John P. Wilson 1990–92 Cavan-Monaghan Charles Haughey

Bertie Ahern 1992–94 Dublin
Dublin
Central Albert Reynolds

Mary O'Rourke 1995–2002 Longford–Westmeath Bertie Ahern

Brian Cowen 2002–08 Laois–Offaly Bertie Ahern

Mary Coughlan 2008–11 Donegal South-West Brian Cowen

Mary Hanafin 2011 Dún Laoghaire Micheál Martin

Brian Lenihan, Jnr 2011 Dublin
Dublin
West Micheál Martin

Éamon Ó Cuív 2011–12 Galway West Micheál Martin

Position abolished

Dara Calleary 2018– Mayo Micheál Martin

Seanad leader[edit]

Name Period Panel

Eoin Ryan, Snr 1977–82 Industrial and Commercial Panel

Mick Lanigan 1982–90 Industrial and Commercial Panel
Industrial and Commercial Panel
(1982–89) Nominated member of Seanad Éireann
Seanad Éireann
(1989–90)

Seán Fallon 1990–92 Industrial and Commercial Panel

G. V. Wright 1992–97 Nominated member of Seanad Éireann

Donie Cassidy 1997–2002 Labour Panel

Mary O'Rourke 2002–07 Nominated member of Seanad Éireann

Donie Cassidy 2007–11 Labour Panel

Darragh O'Brien 2011–2016 Labour Panel

Catherine Ardagh 2016–present Industrial and Commercial Panel

General election results[edit]

Election Seats won ± Position First Pref votes % Government Leader

1927 (Jun)

44 / 153

44 2nd 299,486 26.2% Opposition Éamon de Valera

1927 (Sep)

57 / 153

13 2nd 411,777 35.2% Opposition Éamon de Valera

1932

72 / 153

15 1st 566,498 44.5% Minority gov't (supported by LP) Éamon de Valera

1933

77 / 153

5 1st 689,054 49.7% Minority gov't (supported by LP) Éamon de Valera

1937

69 / 138

8 1st 599,040 45.2% Minority gov't (supported by LP) Éamon de Valera

1938

77 / 138

8 1st 667,996 51.9% Majority gov't Éamon de Valera

1943

67 / 138

10 1st 557,525 41.9% Minority gov't Éamon de Valera

1944

76 / 138

9 1st 595,259 48.9% Majority gov't Éamon de Valera

1948

68 / 147

8 1st 553,914 41.9% Opposition Éamon de Valera

1951

69 / 147

1 1st 616,212 46.3% Minority gov't (supported by Ind) Éamon de Valera

1954

65 / 147

4 1st 578,960 43.4% Opposition Éamon de Valera

1957

78 / 147

13 1st 592,994 48.3% Majority gov't Éamon de Valera

1961

70 / 144

8 1st 512,073 43.8% Minority gov't (supported by Ind) Seán Lemass

1965

72 / 144

2 1st 597,414 47.7% Majority gov't Seán Lemass

1969

75 / 144

3 1st 602,234 45.7% Majority gov't Jack Lynch

1973

69 / 144

6 1st 624,528 46.2% Opposition Jack Lynch

1977

84 / 148

15 1st 811,615 50.6% Majority gov't Jack Lynch

1981

78 / 166

6 1st 777,616 45.3% Opposition Charles Haughey

1982 (Feb)

81 / 166

3 1st 786,951 47.3% Minority gov't (supported by SFTWP and Ind) Charles Haughey

1982 (Nov)

75 / 166

6 1st 763,313 45.2% Opposition Charles Haughey

1987

81 / 166

6 1st 784,547 44.1% Minority gov't (supported by Ind) Charles Haughey

1989

77 / 166

4 1st 731,472 44.1% Coalition (FF-PD) Charles Haughey

1992

68 / 166

9 1st 674,650 39.1% Coalition (FF-LP) Albert Reynolds

Opposition (from December 1994)

1997

77 / 166

9 1st 703,682 39.3% Coalition (FF-PD) Bertie Ahern

2002

81 / 166

4 1st 770,748 41.5% Coalition (FF-PD) Bertie Ahern

2007

77 / 166

4 1st 858,565 41.6% Coalition (FF-GP-PD) Bertie Ahern

2011

20 / 166

57 3rd 387,358 17.5% Opposition Micheál Martin

2016

44 / 158

23 2nd 519,356 24.3% Opposition (supporting a minority FG gov't) Micheál Martin

Front bench[edit] Main article: Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
Front Bench Dáil Éireann[edit] See also: Dáil Éireann
Dáil Éireann
and Members of the 32nd Dáil

Portfolio [52] Name

Leader of Fianna Fáil Leader of the Opposition Micheál Martin

Opposition Chief Whip Michael Moynihan

Agriculture, Food and the Marine Charlie McConalogue

Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht Niamh Smyth

Children and Youth Affairs Anne Rabbitte

Communications, Climate Action and Environment Timmy Dooley

Defence Lisa Chambers

Disability Margaret Murphy O'Mahony

Dublin John Lahart

Education and Skills Thomas Byrne

Housing, Planning and Local Government Barry Cowen

Finance Michael McGrath

Foreign Affairs and Trade Darragh O'Brien

Health Billy Kelleher

Rural and Community Development Éamon Ó Cuív

Business, Enterprise and Innovation Niall Collins

Justice and Equality Jim O'Callaghan

Mental Health James Browne

Public Expenditure and Reform Dara Calleary

Employment Affairs and Social Protection Willie O'Dea

Transport, Tourism and Sport Robert Troy

Seanad Éireann[edit] See also: Seanad Éireann
Seanad Éireann
and Members of the 25th Seanad

Portfolio Name

Seanad Group Leader Employment Affairs and Social Protection Catherine Ardagh

Seanad Deputy Group Leader Foreign Affairs, Irish Overseas and the Diaspora Mark Daly

Agriculture, Food and the Marine Paul Daly

Business, Enterprise and Innovation Aidan Davitt

Rural and Community Development Brian Ó Domhnaill

Education Robbie Gallagher

Finance Gerry Horkan

Justice, Children and Youth Affairs Lorraine Clifford-Lee

Communications, Climate Action and Environment Terry Leyden

Housing, Planning and Local Government Jennifer Murnane-O'Connor

Without portfolio Denis O'Donovan

Health and Mental Health Ned O'Sullivan

Transport, Tourism and Sport Keith Swanick

Public Expenditure and Reform and Defence Ned O'Sullivan

Ógra Fianna Fáil[edit] Main article: Ógra Fianna Fáil Fianna Fáil's youth wing is called Ógra Fianna Fáil. Formed in 1975, it plays an active role in recruiting new members and supporting election campaigns. Ógra also plays an important role in the party organisation where it has five representatives on the Ard Chomhairle (National Executive). Senator Thomas Byrne was the last nominated head or Cathaoirleach (Chairperson) of Ógra Fianna Fáil, before the youth wing introduced widespread oganisational reform following the heavy electoral defeat suffered by the whole party in 2011. Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
and Northern Ireland
Ireland
politics[edit] On 17 September 2007 Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
announced that the party would, for the first time, organise in Northern Ireland. The then Foreign Minister Dermot Ahern was asked to chair a committee on the matter: "In the period ahead Dermot Ahern will lead efforts to develop that strategy for carrying through this policy, examining timescales and structures. We will act gradually and strategically. We are under no illusions. It will not be easy. It will challenge us all. But I am confident we will succeed".[53] The party embarked on its first ever recruitment drive north of the border in September 2007 in northern universities, and established two 'Political Societies', the William Drennan Cumann in Queens University, Belfast, and the Watty Graham Cumann in UU Magee, Derry, which subsequently became official units of Fianna Fáil's youth wing, attaining full membership and voting rights, and attained official voting delegates at the 2012 Árd Fheis. Bertie Ahern
Bertie Ahern
announced on 7 December 2007 that Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
had been registered in Northern Ireland
Ireland
by the UK Electoral Commission.[27] The Party's Ard Fheis in 2009 unanimously passed a motion to organise in Northern Ireland
Ireland
by establishing forums, rather than cumainn, in each of the North's six counties. In December 2009, Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
secured its first Northern Assembly MLA when Gerry McHugh, an independent MLA, announced he had joined the party.[54] Mr. McHugh confirmed that although he had joined the party, he would continue to sit as an independent MLA. In June 2010, Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
opened its first official office in the North in Crossmaglen, County Armagh. The then Taoiseach Brian Cowen
Brian Cowen
officially opened the office, accompanied by Ministers Éamon Ó Cuív
Éamon Ó Cuív
and Dermot Ahern and Deputies Rory O’Hanlon and Margaret Conlon. Discussing the party's slow development towards all- Ireland
Ireland
politics, Mr. Cowen observed: "We have a very open and pragmatic approach. We are a constitutional republican party and we make no secret of the aspirations on which this party was founded. It has always been very clear in our mind what it is we are seeking to achieve, that is to reconcile this country and not being prisoners of our past history. To be part of a generation that will build a new Ireland, an Ireland
Ireland
of which we can all be proud".[55] There has been speculation about an eventual merger with the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP),[56] formerly the main Irish nationalist party in Northern Ireland, but now smaller than Sinn Féin. This has been met with a negative reaction with former Deputy Leader of the SDLP, Seamus Mallon, stating he would be opposed to any such merger. The former leader of the SDLP, Margaret Ritchie, has also stated publicly that she opposes any merger famously announcing to the Labour Party Conference that such a merger would not happen on her "watch". At the 2010 Irish Labour Party conference she further criticised Fianna Fáil's record in government and also the National Asset Management Agency[57] On 23 February 2008, it was announced that a former UUP councillor, Colonel Harvey Bicker, had joined Fianna Fáil.[58] Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
has registered with the UK Electoral Commission
UK Electoral Commission
and is a recognised party in Northern Ireland.[59] However, it has not contested any elections in Northern Ireland. At the party's 2014 Ard Fheis, a motion was passed without debate to stand candidates for election north of the border for the first time in 2019.[60] On 13 November 2015 Ógra Fianna Fáil
Ógra Fianna Fáil
for the first time ever held their National Youth Conference in Northern Ireland, in Newry. In 2017, Omagh
Omagh
councillor Sorcha McAnespy said she wished to run in the 2019 Northern Ireland
Ireland
local government election in the constituency under a Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
ticket.[61]. In October 2017 she was elected as northern representative on the party's national executive, the "committee of 15".[62] In European institutions[edit] In the European Parliament
European Parliament
from 1999 to 2009, Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
was a leading member of Union for Europe of the Nations (UEN), a small national-conservative and Eurosceptic parliamentary group. European political commentators had often noted substantive ideological differences between the party and its colleagues, whose strongly conservative stances had at times prompted domestic criticism of Fianna Fáil. Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
MEPs had been an attached to the European Progressive Democrats (1973–1984), European Democratic Alliance (1984–1995), and Union for Europe (1995–1999) groups before the creation of UEN. Party headquarters, over the objections of some MEPs, had made several attempts to sever the party's links to the European right, including an aborted 2004 agreement to join the European Liberal Democrat and Reform (ELDR) Party, with whom it already sat in the Council of Europe under the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
(ALDE) banner. On 27 February 2009, Taoiseach
Taoiseach
Brian Cowen
Brian Cowen
announced that Fianna Fáil proposed to join the ELDR Party and intended to sit with them in the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
(ALDE) Group in the European Parliament
European Parliament
after the 2009 European elections.[63] The change was made official on 17 April 2009, when FF joined the ELDR Party. In October 2009, it was reported that Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
had irritated its new Liberal colleagues by failing to vote for the motion on press freedom in Italy
Italy
(resulting in its defeat by a majority of one in the Parliament) and by trying to scupper their party colleagues' initiative for gay rights.[64] In January 2010, a report by academic experts writing for the votewatch.eu site found that FF "do not seem to toe the political line" of the ALDE Group "when it comes to budget and civil liberties" issues.[65] In the 2014 European elections, Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
received 22.3% of first-preference votes but only returned a single MEP, a reduction in representation of two MEPs from the previous term. This was due to a combination of the party's vote further dropping in Dublin
Dublin
and a two candidate strategy in the Midlands North West constituency, which backfired, resulting in sitting MEP Pat the Cope Gallagher
Pat the Cope Gallagher
losing his seat.[66][67][68] On 23 June 2014, returning MEP Brian Crowley announced that he intended to sit with the European Conservatives and Reformists (ECR) rather than the ALDE group during the upcoming 8th term of the European parliament.[69] The following day on 24 June 2014 Crowley had the Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
party whip withdrawn.[70] He has since been re-added to Fianna Fáil's website.[71] See also[edit]

Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
politicians List of political parties in Northern Ireland List of political parties in the Republic of Ireland

References[edit]

^ "Fianna Fail". UCD.ie. 16 May 1926. Retrieved 16 January 2014.  ^ " Fine Gael
Fine Gael
top the poll when it comes to members' fees". Retrieved 1 October 2017.  ^ a b T. Banchoff (1999). Legitimacy and the European Union. Taylor & Francis. p. 130. ISBN 978-0-415-18188-4. Retrieved 19 October 2017.  ^ a b c George A. Kourvetaris; Andreas Moschonas (1996). The Impact of European Integration: Political, Sociological, and Economic Changes. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 208. ISBN 978-0-275-95356-0. Retrieved 26 August 2012.  ^ a b Scanlan, Margaret (2006). Culture and Customs of Ireland. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 74. ISBN 978-0-313-33162-6. Retrieved 26 August 2012.  ^ a b c Ian Budge; David Robertson; Derek Hearl (1987). Ideology, Strategy and Party Change: Spatial Analyses of Post-War Election Programmes in 19 Democracies. Cambridge University Press. p. 137. ISBN 978-0-521-30648-5. Retrieved 26 August 2012.  ^ "Beyond the yin and yang of Fine Gael
Fine Gael
and Fianna Fáil". February 2016. Retrieved 26 February 2016.  ^ "Irish Political Studies".  ^ "About Fianna Fáil". Fianna Fáil. Retrieved 1 October 2017.  ^ Aodha, Gráinne Ní. "Fianna Fáil's plans for North-South reunification get cautious welcome from Sinn Féin". Retrieved 1 October 2017.  ^ HRM in Europe. Human Resource Management in Europe. p.39. Edited by Chris Brewster, Wolfgang Mayrhofer and Michael Morley. Published by Routledge and Elsevier in Amsterdam. First published in 2004. Retrieved 18 July 2017, via Google Books. ^ Fianna Fail on election footing now, says Martin. Irish Independent. Author - Daniel McConnell. Published 1 January 2015. Retrieved 18 July 2017. ^ Micheal Martin to replace Brian Cowen
Brian Cowen
as Fianna Fail leader. The Telegraph. Published 26 January 2011. Retrieved 18 July 2017. ^ Weakened Irish PM faces delicate balancing act. EUobserver. Author - Shona Murray. Published 12 May 2016. Retrieved 18 July 2017. ^ George Taylor; Brendan Flynn (2008). "The Irish Greens". In E. Gene Frankland; Paul Lucardie; Benoît Rihoux. Green
Green
Parties in Transition: The End of Grass-roots Democracy?. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 97. ISBN 978-0-7546-7429-0.  ^ John Barlow; David Farnham; Sylvia Horton; F.F. Ridley (2016). "Comparing Public Managers". In David Farnham; Annie Hondeghem; Sylvia Horton; John Barlow. New Public Managers in Europe: Public Servants in Transition. Springer. p. 19. ISBN 978-1-349-13947-7.  ^ Titley, Gavan (24 February 2011). "Beyond the yin and yang of Fine Gael and Fianna Fáil". The Guardian. London.  ^ Ó Dónaill, Niall (1977). (advisory ed. Tomás de Bhaldraithe), ed. Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla (in Irish). Dublin: An Gúm. pp. 512, 540. ISBN 1-85791-037-0. , ^ "About Fianna Fáil". Fianna Fáil. Retrieved 26 January 2016. The party's name incorporates the words 'The Republican Party' in its title.  ^ name="Banchoff1999">T. Banchoff (1999). Legitimacy and the European Union. Taylor & Francis. p. 127. ISBN 978-0-415-18188-4. Retrieved 26 August 2012.  ^ Hans Slomp (2011). Europe, a Political Profile: An American Companion to European Politics. ABC-CLIO. p. 333. ISBN 978-0-313-39181-1.  ^ "History of Fianna Fáil". fiannafail.ie. Retrieved 3 June 2017.  ^ Boland, Vincent (7 April 2016). "Ireland's main opposition party rejects coalition deal". The Financial Times. Retrieved 7 June 2017.  ^ McDonald, Harry (28 February 2016). " Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
truce will allow Kenny to continue as taoiseach". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 June 2017.  ^ "ALDE Party Members". Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe. Retrieved 4 June 2017.  ^ "Full Members of Liberal International". Liberal International. Archived from the original on 25 May 2014. Retrieved 4 June 2017.  ^ a b "FF officially recognised in Northern Ireland". Irish Times. 22 March 2014. Retrieved 22 March 2014.  ^ Notable New Yorkers – Eamon de Valéra Archived 8 February 2004 at the Wayback Machine. ^ The Times, Irish Republican Split. Search For Basis of Cooperation 13 March 1926 ^ Peter Mair and Liam Weeks, "The Party System," in Politics in the Republic of Ireland, ed. John Coakley and Michael Gallagher, 4th ed. (New York: Routledge, 2004), p. 140 ^ www.liberal-international.org Archived 5 July 2014 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Recapturing relevance a huge challenge for FF". The Irish Times. 1 May 2011. Retrieved 4 October 2015.  ^ Haughey, Nuala (23 November 2010). "Irish government teeters on the brink". The National.  ^ "Recapturing relevance a huge challenge for FF". The Irish Times. 1 May 2011. Retrieved 24 June 2013.  ^ "Angry electorate coldly voted to liquidate Fianna Fáil". The Irish Times. 28 February 2011. Retrieved 24 June 2013.  ^ Komito, Lee (1985). Politics and Clientelism in Urban Ireland: Information, reputation, and brokerage (Ph.D.). Ann Arbor, Michigan: University Microfilms International. 8603660. Retrieved 24 June 2013. The only exception was Neil Blaney in Donegal. Blaney had a very strong personal following in Donegal and, perhaps most importantly, was able to claim that it was everyone who remained in Fianna Fáil that had actually departed from party ideals. In nationalist Donegal, the claim that he represented the true Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
seemed effective.  ^ White, Michael (25 February 2011). "Irish general election turns into slanging match with parties divided". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 27 February 2011.  ^ " Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
has lost the local knowledge. The grassroots are not being listened to". The Irish Times. 27 August 2011.  ^ Laver, Michael; Benoit, Kenneth (April 2003). "The Evolution of Party Systems Between Elections" (PDF). American Journal of Political Science. 47 (2): 215–233. doi:10.1111/1540-5907.00015. Retrieved 24 June 2013.  ^ Benoit, Kenneth; Laver, Michael (June 2003). "Estimating Irish Party Positions Using Computer Wordscoring: The 2002 Elections". Irish Political Studies. 18 (1): 97–107. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.144.6558 . doi:10.1080/07907180312331293249.  ^ Benoit, Kenneth; Laver, Michael (Summer–Autumn 2005). "Mapping the Irish Policy Space: Voter and Party Spaces in Preferential Elections" (PDF). The Economic and Social Review. 36 (2): 83–108. Retrieved 24 June 2013.  ^ Gilland Lutz, Karin (Winter 2003). "Irish party competition in the new millennium: Change, or plus ça change?". Irish Political Studies. 18 (2): 40–59. doi:10.1080/1364298042000227640.  ^ Byrne, Kevin; O'Malley, Eoin (November 2012). "Politics with Hidden Bases: unearthing party system's deep roots" (PDF). British Journal of Politics and International Relations. 14 (4): 613–629. doi:10.1111/j.1467-856X.2011.00478.x.  ^ Tom Garvin (2005). Preventing the Future: Why was Ireland
Ireland
so Poor for so Long?. Gill and Macmillan. p. 208. ISBN 0717139700. Retrieved 3 June 2017.  ^ "Micheal Martin elected as eighth leader of Fianna Fáil". The Irish Times. 26 January 2011.  ^ Cowen, Barry (26 May 2011). "Cowen Calls on Government to resist OECD right wing agenda". Fianna Fáil. Retrieved 24 June 2013.  ^ "About Fianna Fáil". Fianna Fáil. Retrieved 5 June 2017.  ^ "Fianna Fáil". Britannica.com. Retrieved 5 June 2017.  ^ Katy Hayward; Mary C. Murphy, eds. (2013). "Ireland's EU Referendum Experience". The Europeanization of Party Politics in Ireland, North and South. Routledge. p. 26. ISBN 9780955820373.  ^ Murphy, William (2005). "Cogging Berkeley?: "The Querist" and the Rhetoric of Fianna Fáil's Economic Policy" (PDF). Irish Economic and Social History. 32: 63–82. Retrieved June 6, 2017.  ^ "Our Party". Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
website. 28 October 2013. Archived from the original on 8 September 2013.  ^ " Micheál Martin
Micheál Martin
reveals Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
frontbench lineup". The Irish Times. 18 May 2016.  ^ Ahern, Bertie (17 September 2007). "Speech by Bertie Ahern
Bertie Ahern
at a Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
conference, (17 September 2007)". University of Ulster Conflict Archive on the Internet (CAIN) website. Retrieved 24 June 2013.  ^ "Assembly Member Joins Fianna Fail". BBC News. 1 December 2009. Retrieved 2 October 2014.  ^ " Taoiseach
Taoiseach
opens Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
Party Office in Crossmaglen". Crossmaglen Examiner. 27 June 2010. Retrieved 2 October 2014.  ^ " Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
'will organise in NI'". bbc.co.uk. 17 September 2007. Retrieved 8 December 2007.  ^ "Ritchie reiterates SDLP key objectives at Labour Party Conference". Sdlp.ie. Retrieved 22 November 2010.  ^ " Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
confirms UUP recruit". BBC News. 23 February 2008. Retrieved 2 May 2010.  ^ " Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
accepted as NI party". BBC News. 7 December 2007. Retrieved 23 May 2010.  ^ "Highland Radio – Latest Donegal News and Sport  » Fianna Fail Ard Fheis passes two significant Donegal North East motions". Retrieved 25 July 2015.  ^ http://www.irishnews.com/news/2017/09/14/news/two-northerners-seek-fianna-fa-il-ard-comhairle-role-ahead-of-plan-to-fight-2019-local-government-election-1135950/ ^ "Sorcha McAnespy secures place on Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
ruling executive". Irish News. 19 October 2017. Retrieved 19 October 2017.  ^ "Full Text: Taoiseach
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Brian Cowen
Brian Cowen
at the official Opening of 72nd Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
Ard Fheis – Part 1" Archived 3 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine., Fianna Fáil
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website, posted 27 February 2009 ^ Willis, Andrew (29 October 2009). "Irish leader feeling the heat in EU liberal group". Euobserver.com. Retrieved 22 November 2010.  ^ "Voting behaviour in the new European Parliament: the first six months, EP7, 1st Semester: July–December 2009" (PDF). Votewatch.eu.  ^ "Luke Ming Flanagan takes first seat in Midlands North West". newstalk.com. Retrieved 25 July 2015.  ^ "Elections 2014 Midlands North West Constituency". The Irish Times. Retrieved 25 July 2015.  ^ Hugh O'Connell. "Pat 'The Cope': Fianna Fáil's European election strategy could be 'dangerous'". TheJournal.ie. Retrieved 25 July 2015.  ^ "Crowley angers FF by joining conservative group". RTÉ.ie. 23 June 2014. Retrieved 25 July 2015.  ^ Henry McDonald. " Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
MEP loses whip for joining rightwing European parliament bloc". the Guardian. Retrieved 25 July 2015.  ^ "Brian Crowley". Retrieved 1 October 2017. 

Further reading[edit]

Joe Ambrose (2006) Dan Breen and the IRA, Douglas Village, Cork : Mercier Press, 223 p., ISBN 1-85635-506-3 Bruce Arnold (2001) Jack Lynch: Hero in Crisis, Dublin : Merlin, 250p. ISBN 1-903582-06-7 Tim Pat Coogan (1993) De Valera : long fellow, long shadow, London : Hutchinson, 772 p., ISBN 0-09-175030-X Joe Joyce and Peter Murtagh (1983) The Boss: Charles J. Haughey in government, Swords, Dublin : Poolbeg Press, 400 p., ISBN 0-905169-69-7 F.S.L. Lyons (1985) Ireland
Ireland
Since the Famine, 2nd rev. ed., London : FontanaPress, 800 p., ISBN 0-00-686005-2 Dorothy McCardle (1968) The Irish Republic. A documented chronicle of the Anglo-Irish conflict and the partitioning of Ireland, with a detailed account of the period 1916–1923, etc., 989 p., ISBN 0-552-07862-X Donnacha Ó Beacháin (2010) Destiny of the Soldiers: Fianna Fáil, Irish Republicanism
Republicanism
and the IRA, 1926-1973, Gill and Macmillan, 540 p., ISBN 0-71714-763-0 T. Ryle Dwyer (2001) Nice fellow : a biography of Jack Lynch, Cork : Mercier Press, 416 p., ISBN 1-85635-368-0 T. Ryle Dwyer (1999) Short fellow : a biography of Charles J. Haughey, Dublin : Marino, 477 p., ISBN 1-86023-100-4 T. Ryle Dwyer, (1997) Fallen Idol : Haughey's controversial career, Cork : Mercier Press, 191 p., ISBN 1-85635-202-1 Raymond Smith (1986) Haughey and O'Malley : The quest for power, Dublin : Aherlow, 295 p., ISBN 1-870138-00-7 Tim Ryan (1994) Albert Reynolds : the Longford leader : the unauthorised biography, Dublin : Blackwater Press, 226 p., ISBN 0-86121-549-4 Dick Walsh (1986) The Party: Inside Fianna Fáil, Dublin : Gill & Macmillan, 161 p., ISBN 0-7171-1446-5

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fianna Fáil.

Official website 'Report of the Tribunal of Inquiry into the Beef Processing Industry' Report of the McCracken Tribunal Final report of the Mahon Tribunal

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Fianna Fáil

History

History of Fianna Fáil Abstentionism Anglo-Irish Treaty Anti-Treaty Sinn Féin Arms Crisis Beef Tribunal Celtic Tiger Comhairle na dTeachtaí Cumann na Poblachta The Emergency Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
TDs (past and present Gang of 22 Independent Fianna Fáil Irish Civil War Irish EEC ascension Irish Recession The Irish Press Mahon Tribunal Moriarty Tribunal Northern Ireland
Ireland
peace process Progressive Democrats 2016 Irish government formation

Leadership

Leaders

Éamon de Valera
Éamon de Valera
(1926–59) Seán Lemass
Seán Lemass
(1959–66) Jack Lynch
Jack Lynch
(1966–79) Charles Haughey
Charles Haughey
(1979–92) Albert Reynolds (1992–94) Bertie Ahern
Bertie Ahern
(1994–2008) Brian Cowen
Brian Cowen
(2008–11) Micheál Martin
Micheál Martin
(2011–present)

Deputy leaders

Joseph Brennan (1973–77) George Colley
George Colley
(1977–82) Ray MacSharry (1982–83) Brian Lenihan, Snr (1983–90) John P. Wilson
John P. Wilson
(1990–92) Bertie Ahern
Bertie Ahern
(1992–94) Mary O'Rourke (1994–2002) Brian Cowen
Brian Cowen
(2002–08) Mary Coughlan (2008–11) Mary Hanafin
Mary Hanafin
(2011) Brian Lenihan, Jnr (2011) Éamon Ó Cuív
Éamon Ó Cuív
(2011–12)

Seanad leaders

Eoin Ryan, Snr (1977–82) Mick Lanigan (1982–90) Seán Fallon (1990–92) G. V. Wright (1992–97) Donie Cassidy (1997–2002; 2007–11) Mary O'Rourke (2002–07) Darragh O'Brien (2011–16) Catherine Ardagh (2016–present)

Secretary-Generals

Séamus Brennan
Séamus Brennan
(1973–79) Frank Wall (1981–91) Pat Farrell (1991–97) Seán Dorgan (2007–present)

Leadership elections

1959 (Lemass) 1966 (Lynch) 1979 (Haughey) 1992 (Reynolds) 1994 (Ahern) 2008 (Cowen) 2011 (Martin)

Party structures

Cumainn Leader of Fianna Fáil Ardfheis Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
Front Bench Ógra Fianna Fáil

Presidential candidates

Presidential candidates (winners in bold)

Seán T. O'Kelly
Seán T. O'Kelly
(1945) Éamon de Valera
Éamon de Valera
(1959, 1966) Erskine H. Childers (1973) Brian Lenihan, Snr (1990) Mary McAleese
Mary McAleese
(1997)

Unopposed presidential candidates with Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
support

Douglas Hyde
Douglas Hyde
(1938) Cearbhall Ó Dálaigh
Cearbhall Ó Dálaigh
(1974) Patrick Hillery
Patrick Hillery
(1976)

Elected representatives

Dáil Éireann

Aylward Brassil Breathnach Browne Butler Byrne Cahill Calleary Casey Cassells J. Chambers L. Chambers Collins Cowen Curran Dooley Fleming Gallagher Haughey Kelleher Lahart Lawless Martin McConalogue McGrath McGuinness A. Moynihan M. Moynihan Murphy Murphy-O'Mahony O'Brien O'Callaghan Ó Cuív O'Dea O'Keeffe O'Loughlin O'Rourke Rabbitte Scanlon Smith Smyth Troy

Seanad Éireann

Ardagh Clifford-Lee M. Daly P. Daly Davitt Gallagher Horkan Leyden Murane-O'Connor Ó Domhnaill O'Donovan O'Sullivan Swanick Wilson

Alliances

European

Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe

International

Liberal International
Liberal International
(observer)

v t e

Political parties in the Republic of Ireland

Dáil Éireann
Dáil Éireann
(158)

Fine Gael
Fine Gael
(50) Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
(44) Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
(23) Labour Party (7) Solidarity–People Before Profit (6) Independents 4 Change
Independents 4 Change
(3) Social Democrats (2) Green
Green
Party (2) Independent (20) Ceann Comhairle
Ceann Comhairle
(1)

Seanad Éireann
Seanad Éireann
(60)

Fine Gael
Fine Gael
(19) Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
(14) Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
(6) Labour Party (4) Green
Green
Party (1) Independent (15)

European Parliament
European Parliament
(11 of 751)

Fine Gael
Fine Gael
(EPP, 4) Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
(GUE/NGL, 3) Childers (S&D) Crowley (ECR) Flanagan (GUE/NGL) Harkin (ALDE)

City and County Councils (949)

Fianna Fáil
Fianna Fáil
(262) Fine Gael
Fine Gael
(234) Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
(156) Labour Party (50) Solidarity–People Before Profit (27) Green
Green
Party (12) Social Democrats (7) Renua Ireland
Ireland
(2) Workers' Party (2) Independents 4 Change
Independents 4 Change
(1) Kerry Independent Alliance
Kerry Independent Alliance
(1) Republican Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
(1) Workers and Unemployed Action (1) Independent (193)

Other registered parties

Communist Party of Ireland Direct Democracy Ireland éirígí Fís Nua Irish Democratic Party United People

Politics of Ireland Politics portal List of political parties

v t e

Political parties in Northern Ireland

Assembly seats (90)

Unionist

Democratic Unionist Party
Democratic Unionist Party
(28) Ulster Unionist Party
Ulster Unionist Party
(10) Traditional Unionist Voice (1) Independent (1)

Nationalist

Sinn Féin
Sinn Féin
(27) Social Democratic and Labour Party
Social Democratic and Labour Party
(12)

Other

Alliance Party of Northern Ireland
Ireland
(8) Green
Green
Party in Northern Ireland
Ireland
(2) People Before Profit Alliance (1)

Other national and regional parties

Unionist

Conservative and Unionist Party National Front Progressive Unionist Party UK Independence Party

Nationalist

Fianna Fáil Irish Republican Socialist Party Workers' Party of Ireland

Other

Animal Welfare Party CISTA Cross-Community Labour Alternative Labour Party in Northern Ireland Socialist Party

v t e

Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party
Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party
(ALDE)

European Parliament
European Parliament
group: Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Group

Parties

Member parties (EU)

NEOS Open Vld MR PFF DPS/ДПС NDSV/НДСВ ANO HNS HSLS IDS/DDI EDI/Ε.ΔΗ. B V K RE C Kesk./C RKP/SFP UDI FDP Drassi FF IdV RI DP LRLS DP D66 VVD Nowoczesna IL ALDE LDS Zares DL CDC C's C L APNI Lib Dems

Member parties (non-EU)

PLA Müsavat LDS Respublikelebi/რესპუბლიკელები OG-DF/ჩს-თდ BF AKR PLK LDP/ЛДП LPM/ЛПМ PL V RPR-PARNAS/РПР-ПАРНАС Yabloko/Я́блоко LDP FDP.DL/PLR.LLR/PLR.IL/PLD.IL EPU/ЄПУ

Party Presidents

Gaston Thorn Willy De Clercq Colette Flesch Willy De Clercq Uffe Ellemann-Jensen Werner Hoyer Annemie Neyts-Uyttebroeck Graham Watson

European Parliament Group Presidents

Yvon Delbos René Pleven Cornelis Berkhouwer Jean Durieux (fr) Jean-François Pintat (fr) Martin Bangemann Simone Veil Valery Giscard d'Estaing Yves Galland Gijs de Vries Pat Cox Graham Watson Guy Verhofstadt see European Parliament

European Commissionners

Siim Kallas
Siim Kallas
(Transport) Neelie Kroes
Neelie Kroes
(Digital Agenda) Janez Potočnik
Janez Potočnik
(Environment) Androulla Vassiliou
Androulla Vassiliou
(Education, Culture, Multilingualism and Youth) Karel De Gucht
Karel De Gucht
(Trade) Máire Geoghegan-Quinn
Máire Geoghegan-Quinn
(Research, Innovation and Science) Cecilia Malmström
Cecilia Malmström
(Home Affairs) see Barroso II Commission

Heads of government at the European Council

Charles Michel
Charles Michel
(Belgium) Lars Løkke Rasmussen
Lars Løkke Rasmussen
(Denmark) Taavi Rõivas
Taavi Rõivas
(Estonia) Xavier Bettel
Xavier Bettel
(Luxembourg) Mark Rutte
Mark Rutte
(Netherlands) see European Council

Eurofoundation: Euro

.