Festa della Repubblica
Festa della Repubblica ([ˈfɛsta della reˈpubblika]; in English,
Republic Day) is the Italian
National Day and
Republic Day, which is
2 June each year. The day commemorates the institutional
referendum held by universal suffrage in 1946, in which the Italian
people were called to the polls to decide on the form of government,
Second World War
Second World War and the fall of Fascism. With
12,717,923 votes for a republic and 10,719,284 for the monarchy, the
male descendants of the
House of Savoy
House of Savoy were sent into exile. To
commemorate it, a grand military parade is held in central Rome,
presided over by the President of the Italian
Republic in his role as
Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces. The Prime Minister, formally
known as the President of the Council of Ministers, and other high
officers of state also attend. There are important celebrations in all
the Italian embassies and foreign heads of state are invited. Even
though the main parade is in Rome, many Italian cities celebrate the
day as well.
Prior to the foundation of the Republic, the Italian national day was
the first Sunday in June, anniversary of the granting of the Statuto
Albertino. From 1977 to 1999, due to economic reasons, this was the
date of the celebrations for the 1946 foundation of the republic. The
2 June date became official in 2000. The parade was held in
1961 to mark the centennial year of Italian unification.
Via dei Fori Imperiali
Via dei Fori Imperiali hosted the first military parade in
honor of the new Italian Republic. The following year, with Italy's
entry into NATO, ten were held simultaneously across the country and
in 1950, the parade was featured for the first time in the protocol of
official celebrations. This provides for the ceremonial laying of a
wreath on the
Tomb of the Unknown Soldier
Tomb of the Unknown Soldier at the Vittoriano, before
the President of
Italy reviews the parading formations. The ceremony
continues in the afternoon with the opening of the gardens of the
Quirinale Palace, seat of the President of the
Republic and with
musical performances by the band ensembles of the Italian Army,
Italian Navy, Italian Air Force, the "Arma dei Carabinieri", State
Police, the "Guardia di Finanza", the Penitentiary Police Corps, and
the State Firefighters Corps, together with the band of the
Police. The parade itself was cancelled thrice (in 1963, 1976 and
1992 at the last minute, and was moved to November 4, Armed Forces
Day, only in 1964).
The parade begins when the
Corazzieri Squadron of the Carabinieri
arrives, either mounted or dismounted, at the Presidential grandstand
Via dei Fori Imperiali
Via dei Fori Imperiali with the President of Italy, and the
honors are paid via the
Italian Army Band or the mounted band of the
4th Carabineri Cavalry Regiment playing the first stanza of Il Canto
degli Italiani, after which the squadron departs. The parade proper
itself then starts with the
Carabinieri Central Band striking up to
"La Fedelissima", its official march, leading the parade proper with
the parade commander, his staff and escort, followed by the National
Colors of the Italian Armed Forces, standards of the regions of Italy
and veterans associations. Following them are company-sized formations
of Italian Armed Forces units, military bands and members of the Red
Cross, Polizia di Stato, the Penitentiary Police Corps, State
Firefighters Corps and the State Forestry Corps, and ending with the
Rome City Police and the featuring the unique
in their jogging pace. 2015 saw the debut appearances in the parade by
government employees and the National Civil Defense Service.
Important years of the anniversary of both the
Republic and the
Italy have also seen mobile and air columns go past the
tribune. The parade ends with a flyby of the Frecce Tricolori
aerobactic team in the colors of the Flag of Italy.
The parade of 2017 ended with the playing of Il Canto degli Italiani
to mark the 150th year anniversary since it was composed.
Republic Day Gallery
Italian colours at the Colosseum.
Corazzieri, the honor guard of the President of the Italian
Carabinieri Cavalry Regiment.
Piceno Regiment, Italian Army.
Sassari Brigade, Italian Army.
Carabinieri Regiment "Tuscania".
Bersaglieri Marching Band.
The Infantry Fighting Vehicle "Freccia", Italian Army.
The GIS, elite
Special Operations counter-terrorism tactical response
Motorcyclists of the Polizia di Stato.
Iveco Magirus Super Dragon X8, Vigili del Fuoco.
Public holidays in Italy