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Festa della Repubblica
Festa della Repubblica
([ˈfɛsta della reˈpubblika]; in English, Republic
Republic
Day) is the Italian National Day
National Day
and Republic
Republic
Day, which is celebrated on 2 June each year. The day commemorates the institutional referendum held by universal suffrage in 1946, in which the Italian people were called to the polls to decide on the form of government, following the Second World War
Second World War
and the fall of Fascism. With 12,717,923 votes for a republic and 10,719,284 for the monarchy, the male descendants of the House of Savoy
House of Savoy
were sent into exile. To commemorate it, a grand military parade is held in central Rome, presided over by the President of the Italian Republic
Republic
in his role as Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces. The Prime Minister, formally known as the President of the Council of Ministers, and other high officers of state also attend. There are important celebrations in all the Italian embassies and foreign heads of state are invited. Even though the main parade is in Rome, many Italian cities celebrate the day as well.[1] Prior to the foundation of the Republic, the Italian national day was the first Sunday in June, anniversary of the granting of the Statuto Albertino. From 1977 to 1999, due to economic reasons, this was the date of the celebrations for the 1946 foundation of the republic. The 2 June date became official in 2000. The parade was held in Turin
Turin
in 1961 to mark the centennial year of Italian unification. The parade[edit] In 1948, Via dei Fori Imperiali
Via dei Fori Imperiali
hosted the first military parade in honor of the new Italian Republic. The following year, with Italy's entry into NATO, ten were held simultaneously across the country and in 1950, the parade was featured for the first time in the protocol of official celebrations. This provides for the ceremonial laying of a wreath on the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier
Tomb of the Unknown Soldier
at the Vittoriano, before the President of Italy
Italy
reviews the parading formations. The ceremony continues in the afternoon with the opening of the gardens of the Quirinale Palace, seat of the President of the Republic
Republic
and with musical performances by the band ensembles of the Italian Army, Italian Navy, Italian Air Force, the "Arma dei Carabinieri", State Police, the "Guardia di Finanza", the Penitentiary Police Corps, and the State Firefighters Corps, together with the band of the Rome
Rome
City Police.[2] The parade itself was cancelled thrice (in 1963, 1976 and 1992 at the last minute, and was moved to November 4, Armed Forces Day, only in 1964). The parade begins when the Corazzieri
Corazzieri
Squadron of the Carabinieri arrives, either mounted or dismounted, at the Presidential grandstand at the Via dei Fori Imperiali
Via dei Fori Imperiali
with the President of Italy, and the honors are paid via the Italian Army
Italian Army
Band or the mounted band of the 4th Carabineri Cavalry Regiment playing the first stanza of Il Canto degli Italiani, after which the squadron departs. The parade proper itself then starts with the Carabinieri
Carabinieri
Central Band striking up to "La Fedelissima", its official march, leading the parade proper with the parade commander, his staff and escort, followed by the National Colors of the Italian Armed Forces, standards of the regions of Italy and veterans associations. Following them are company-sized formations of Italian Armed Forces units, military bands and members of the Red Cross, Polizia di Stato, the Penitentiary Police Corps, State Firefighters Corps and the State Forestry Corps, and ending with the Rome
Rome
City Police and the featuring the unique Bersaglieri
Bersaglieri
contingent in their jogging pace. 2015 saw the debut appearances in the parade by government employees and the National Civil Defense Service. Important years of the anniversary of both the Republic
Republic
and the Unification of Italy
Italy
have also seen mobile and air columns go past the tribune. The parade ends with a flyby of the Frecce Tricolori aerobactic team in the colors of the Flag of Italy. The parade of 2017 ended with the playing of Il Canto degli Italiani to mark the 150th year anniversary since it was composed.

Republic Day
Republic Day
Gallery

Italian colours at the Colosseum. 

Corazzieri, the honor guard of the President of the Italian Republic. 

4th Carabinieri
Carabinieri
Cavalry Regiment. 

Piceno Regiment, Italian Army. 

Sassari Brigade, Italian Army. 

Italian Navy. 

Carabinieri
Carabinieri
Regiment "Tuscania". 

Bersaglieri
Bersaglieri
Marching Band. 

The Infantry Fighting Vehicle "Freccia", Italian Army. 

The GIS, elite Special Operations
Special Operations
counter-terrorism tactical response unit. 

Motorcyclists of the Polizia di Stato. 

Iveco Magirus Super Dragon X8, Vigili del Fuoco. 

See also[edit]

Holidays portal Italy
Italy
portal

Public holidays in Italy

References[edit]

^ http://www.festadellarepubblica.it/# ^ http://www.ilpost.it/2013/06/02/2-giugno-festa

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