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Ferrante I Gonzaga (also Ferdinando I Gonzaga; 28 January 1507 – 15 November 1557) was an Italian condottiero, a member of the House of Gonzaga and the founder of the branch of the Gonzaga of Guastalla.

Contents

1 Biography 2 Children 3 Priory of Sion hoax 4 Notes

Biography[edit]

The Triumph of Ferrante Gonzaga over Envy by Leone Leoni, Guastalla, Italy.

He was born in Mantua, the third son of Francesco II Gonzaga and Isabella d'Este. At the age of sixteen he was sent to the court of Spain as a page to the future emperor Charles V, to whom Ferrante remained faithful for his whole life. In 1527 he took part in the Sack of Rome and attended Charles' triumphant coronation at Bologna in 1530: at the death of Charles of Bourbon (1527) he was appointed commander-in-chief of the Imperial army in Italy. He became a Knight in the Order of the Golden Fleece in 1531. He defended Naples from the assault of the French troops under Odet of Foix, Viscount of Lautrec, and obtained the surrender of the Republic of Florence. For this feat Pope Clement VII, a member of the Medici who had been ousted from that city, named him papal governor of Benevento. Again for Charles V, he fought against the Turks at Tunis in 1535 and Algiers in 1543 with a contingent of 3,000 cavalry. He served Charles as Viceroy of Sicily (1535–1546), and Forte Gonzaga was named in his honour.[1] He accompanied the Emperor to Germany in 1543 and fought the resolute campaign that enforced the Treaty of Crépy. He then served as Governor of the Duchy of Milan (1546–1554), in which role he fought in the War of Parma. In 1534 Ferrante married Isabella di Capua, who brought him the fiefdoms of Molfetta and Giovinazzo. In 1539 he bought the countship of Guastalla, on the left bank of the Po for 22,280 golden scudi from Countess Ludovica Torelli; it was in part a strategic purchase, for Guastalla lies near Ferrara, which Charles wished to take from the Este. Ferrante's villa near Milan, La Gualtiera, is now known as La Simonetta. Ferrante rebuilt it in the 1550s, commissioning the services of the Tuscan architect Domenico Giuntallodi of Prato.[2] Ferrante was a patron and protector of the sculptor and medallist Leone Leoni, who executed a bronze medal for him about 1555, with a reverse that depicts Hercules with upraised club besting the Nemean Lion and the legend TV NE CEDE MALIS, "You do not yield to evil",[3] alluding to his acquittal after indictment for misappropriation of funds and corruption. His son Cesare commissioned from Leone a more public monument from Leone, a bronze Triumph of Ferrante Gonzaga over Envy, (1564), which stands in Piazza Roma, Guastalla.[4] Like all the Gonzaga, Ferrante was a patron of tapestry-makers: a series Fructus Belli ("the Fruits of War") was woven for him, and a lighter series of Putti.[5] He died in Brussels from a fall from a horse and battle fatigue received at the Battle of St. Quentin. He was buried in the sacristy of the Milan Cathedral. Ferrante was succeeded in Guastalla by his son Cesare. He was the ambassador to Henry VIII of England in 1543.[6] Children[edit] Ferrante and Isabella had 11 children:

Anna (1531), died young; Cesare (1533–1575), count of Guastalla, married Camilla Borromeo, sister of Charles Borromeo; Ippolita (1535–1563), married in 1549 with Fabrizio Colonna, hereditary prince of Paliano, and in 1554 with Antonio Carafa, duke of Mondragone; Francesco (1538–1566), cardinal; Andrea (1539–1586), 1st marquis of Specchia and Alessano; Gian Vincenzo (1540–1591), cardinal; Ercole (1545–1549); Ottavio (1543–1583), Lord of Cercemaggiore; Filippo, died young; Geronima,died young; Maria, died young.

Priory of Sion hoax[edit]

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In conspiracy theories, Ferrante has been alleged to be the fourteenth Grand Master of the Priory of Sion, according to the Grand Masters version found in Dossiers Secrets d'Henri Lobineau. Notes[edit]

^ "Castel Gonzaga". Comune di Messina (in Italian). Retrieved 18 August 2015.  ^ E. Heydenreich and W. Lotz, Architecture in Italy, 1400–1600 (Harmondsworth: Penguin) 1974:292-93; ^ Illustration ^ A commemorative Italian postage stamp issued on the five-hundredth anniversary of his birth show a detail of Leone Leoni's sculpture. ^ The tapestry commissions of Ferrante and his brothers is set against the broader background of their patronage of the arts in Clifford M. Brown, Guy Delmarcel and Robert S. Nelson, Tapestries for the Courts of Federico II, Ercole, and Ferrante Gonzaga 1522–63 (1996). ^ Spanish Chronicle, xxiii

Preceded by Ludovica Torelli Count of Guastalla 1539–1557 Succeeded by Cesare I

Preceded by Duke of Monteleone viceroy of Sicily 1535–1546 Succeeded by Juan de Vega

Preceded by Alfonso d'Avalos Governor of the Duchy of Milan 1546–1555 Succeeded by Fernando Álvarez de Toledo

v t e

House of Gonzaga

Generations start from Francesco I Gonzaga

1st Generation

Margarita, Margravine of Modena Ludovico III, Marquis of Mantua Carlo Guido, Lord of Novellara

2nd Generation

Federico I, Marquess of Mantua Gianfrancesco, Count of Sabbioneta Francesco Susanna Dorothea Rudolfo Cecilia Barbara, Duchess of Württemberg Lodovico Paola, Countess of Gorizia Giacomo, Lord of Novellara

3rd Generation

Clara, Countess of Montpensier Francesco II, Marquess of Mantua Sigismund Elisabetta, Duchess of Urbino Maddelena, Lady of Pesaro Giovanni Francesco, Lord of Novellara

4th Generation

Eleonora, Duchess of Urbino Margherita Federico II, Duke of Mantua Livia Ippolita Gonzaga Ercole Ferrante I, Count of Guastalla Paola Gianpietro, Count of Novellara

5th Generation

Eleonora Anna Francesco III, Duke of Mantua Isabella, Marchioness of Pescara Guglielmo, Duke of Mantua Louis, Duke of Nevers Federico, Cardinal Gonzaga Cesare, Duke of Amalfi Ippolita, Duchess of Mondragone Francesco, Cardinal Gonzaga Andrea, marquis of Specchia and Alessano Gian Vicenzo, Cardinal Gonzaga Ottavio, Lord of Cercemaggiore Alessandro, Count of Novellara

6th Generation

Vincenzo, Duke of Mantua Margherita, Duchess of Modena Anne Juliana, Archduchess of Austria Catherine, Duchess of Longueville Marie Henriette, Duchess of Mayenne Frederick François Charles, Duke of Mantua and Montferrat Ferrante II, Duke of Guastalla Alfonso II, Count of Novellara

7th Generation

Francesco IV, Duke of Mantua Ferdinando, Duke of Mantua Guglielmo Margherita Gonzaga, Duchess of Lorraine Vincenzo II, Duke of Mantua Eleonora, Holy Roman Empress François, Duke of Rethel Charles, Duke of Nevers Ferdinand, Duke of Mayenne Marie Louise, Queen of Poland Benedetta Anne, Countess Palatine of Simmern Cesare II, Duke of Guastalla Vincenzo, Viceroy of Sicily Andrea, Count of San Paolo Isabella, Marquise of Gazzuolo Camillo II, Count of Novellara

8th Generation

Maria, Duchess of Montferrat Charles, Duke of Mantua and Montferrat Eleonora, Holy Roman Empress Vincenzo, Duke of Guastalla Ferrante III, Duke of Guastalla Vespasiano Vincenzo, Viceroy of Valencia Camillo III, Count of Novellara

9th Generation

Ferdinando Carlo, Duke of Mantua Eleonora Luisa, Duchess of Rovere Antonio Ferrante, Duke of Guastalla Giuseppe, Duke of Guastalla Anna Isabella, Duchess of Mantua Maria Vittoria, Duchess of Guastalla Ricciarda, Duchess of Massa Filippo Alfonso, Count of Novellara

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 42641117 LCCN: n96074230 ISNI: 0000 0001 1760 2516 GND: 11912288X SELIBR: 342080 SUDOC: 085808202 BNF: cb14428928m (data) BNE: XX1235

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