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Fernando Ezequiel 'Pino' Solanas (born 16 February 1936) is an Argentine film director, screenwriter and politician. His films include La hora de los hornos (The Hour of the Furnaces) (1968), Tangos: el exilio de Gardel (1985), Sur (1988), El viaje (1992), La nube (1998) and Memoria del saqueo (2004), among many others. Since 2013, he has been a National Senator representing the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires. Solanas studied theatre, music and law. In 1962, he directed his first short feature Seguir andando and in 1968 he covertly produced and directed his first long feature film La Hora de los Hornos, a documentary on neo-colonialism and violence in Latin America. The film won several international awards and was screened around the world. Solanas has won the Special
Special
Jury Award and the Critics Award at the Venice Film Festival
Venice Film Festival
and the Prix de la mise en scène at the Cannes Film
Film
Festival. In 1999 he was the President of the Jury at the 21st Moscow International Film
Film
Festival.[1] He was awarded a special Golden Bear at the 2004 Berlin Film
Film
Festival. He collaborated with tango composer and musician Ástor Piazzolla
Ástor Piazzolla
on the soundtracks for various movies.

Contents

1 Context 2 Political work 3 Filmography 4 Quotes 5 References 6 Further reading 7 External links

Context[edit] Solanas was at the forefront of the Grupo Cine Liberación that shook Argentine cinema in the 1970s, developing its social conscience and political voice. He was active in the campaign to support Perón[citation needed]. Threatened by right-wing forces in the 1970s, one of his actors was assassinated and he himself was almost kidnapped. Together with Octavio Getino, Solanas wrote the manifesto "Toward a Third Cinema". The idea of a political Third Cinema, opposed to Hollywood cinema and European auteur cinema, inspired film makers in many so-called developing countries. Solanas went into exile in Paris
Paris
in 1976, only returning to Argentina with the arrival of democracy in 1983.

Solanas accepting a Silver Mayahuel award at the Guadalajara Film Festival, 2008.

Political work[edit] He continued to make political films and was an outspoken critic of Carlos Menem, the Argentine President. Three days after such a public criticism, on 21 May 1991, Solanas was shot six times in his legs. Despite dealing with the attack and disability, Solanas became even more involved in politics and stood to be a Senator for Buenos Aires, receiving 7% of the vote in 1992. A year later he was elected a National Deputy for the Frente Grande
Frente Grande
list, although he left the party after a year. Solanas continues to write and direct, including the 2005 film La Dignidad de los Nadies and the recently 2008 film La última estación. His son, Juan Solanas, is also a noted film director. In October 2007, Solanas was a presidential candidate in the Argentine general election, 2007 for the Authentic Socialist Party. He became the 5th most voted candidate, with 1.58% of the vote. In 2009, Solanas was elected as National Deputy for the city of Buenos Aires on the June 28th parliamentary elections, as his party Proyecto Sur became the 2nd force on the city by collecting 24.2% of the votes. In 2013, Solanas was elected National Senator, representing Buenos Aires City in the 2013-2019 period. Filmography[edit]

Seguir andando (1962) (short) Reflexión ciudadana (1963) (short) La hora de los hornos (The Hour of the Furnaces) (1968) Argentina, Mayo de 1969: los caminos de la liberación (1969) Perón, la revolución justicialista (1971) Perón: actualización política y doctrinaria para la toma del poder (1971) Los hijos de fierro (1972) La mirada de los otros (1980) Filmed in Paris, France El exilio de Gardel (Tangos)
El exilio de Gardel (Tangos)
(1985) Sur (1988) El viaje (1992) La nube (1998) Afrodita, el sabor del amor (2001) Memoria del saqueo (2004) La dignidad de los nadies (2005) Argentina
Argentina
latente (2007) La próxima estación (2008) La tierra sublevada (2009)

Quotes[edit] "The possibility of making a new cinema completely outside the system depends on whether or not filmmakers can transform themselves from 'directors' into total filmmakers. And no one can become a total filmmaker without being a film technician, without being capable of handling the production."[2] References[edit]

^ " 21st Moscow International Film Festival (1999)". MIFF. Archived from the original on 2013-03-22. Retrieved 2013-03-23.  ^ "Program in Film
Film
and Video". calarts.edu. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 

Further reading[edit]

Fernando Solanas
Fernando Solanas
and Octavio Getino, "Towards a Third Cinema" in: Movies and Methods. An Anthology, edited by Bill Nichols, University of Arizona Press 1976, pp 44–64 Jessica Stites Mor. Transition Cinema: Political Filmmaking and the Argentine Left since 1968. Pittsburgh, 2012.

External links[edit]

Official website Fernando Solanas
Fernando Solanas
on IMDb Towards a Third Cinema Manifesto Interview. Universidad Internacional Menéndez Pelayo 2009, Santander, Spain on YouTube
YouTube
(in Spanish)

v t e

Cannes Film Festival
Cannes Film Festival
Best Director Award

René Clément
René Clément
(1946) René Clément
René Clément
(1949) Luis Buñuel
Luis Buñuel
(1951) Christian-Jaque (1952) Jules Dassin
Jules Dassin
/ Sergei Vasilyev
Sergei Vasilyev
(1955) Sergei Yutkevich
Sergei Yutkevich
(1956) Robert Bresson (1957) Ingmar Bergman
Ingmar Bergman
(1958) François Truffaut
François Truffaut
(1959) Yuliya Solntseva
Yuliya Solntseva
(1961) Liviu Ciulei (1965) Sergei Yutkevich
Sergei Yutkevich
(1966) Ferenc Kósa
Ferenc Kósa
(1967) Glauber Rocha
Glauber Rocha
/ Vojtěch Jasný
Vojtěch Jasný
(1969) John Boorman
John Boorman
(1970) Miklós Jancsó
Miklós Jancsó
(1972) Michel Brault / Costa-Gavras
Costa-Gavras
(1975) Ettore Scola
Ettore Scola
(1976) Nagisa Oshima
Nagisa Oshima
(1978) Terrence Malick
Terrence Malick
(1979) Werner Herzog
Werner Herzog
(1982) Robert Bresson / Andrei Tarkovsky
Andrei Tarkovsky
(1983) Bertrand Tavernier
Bertrand Tavernier
(1984) André Téchiné
André Téchiné
(1985) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1986) Wim Wenders
Wim Wenders
(1987) Fernando Solanas
Fernando Solanas
(1988) Emir Kusturica
Emir Kusturica
(1989) Pavel Lungin
Pavel Lungin
(1990) Joel Coen (1991) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(1992) Mike Leigh
Mike Leigh
(1993) Nanni Moretti
Nanni Moretti
(1994) Mathieu Kassovitz
Mathieu Kassovitz
(1995) Joel Coen (1996) Wong Kar-wai
Wong Kar-wai
(1997) John Boorman
John Boorman
(1998) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(1999) Edward Yang (2000) Joel Coen / David Lynch
David Lynch
(2001) Im Kwon-taek / Paul Thomas Anderson
Paul Thomas Anderson
(2002) Gus Van Sant
Gus Van Sant
(2003) Tony Gatlif
Tony Gatlif
(2004) Michael Haneke
Michael Haneke
(2005) Alejandro González Iñárritu
Alejandro González Iñárritu
(2006) Julian Schnabel
Julian Schnabel
(2007) Nuri Bilge Ceylan
Nuri Bilge Ceylan
(2008) Brillante Mendoza
Brillante Mendoza
(2009) Mathieu Amalric
Mathieu Amalric
(2010) Nicolas Winding Refn
Nicolas Winding Refn
(2011) Carlos Reygadas
Carlos Reygadas
(2012) Amat Escalante
Amat Escalante
(2013) Bennett Miller
Bennett Miller
(2014) Hou Hsiao-hsien
Hou Hsiao-hsien
(2015) Olivier Assayas
Olivier Assayas
/ Cristian Mungiu
Cristian Mungiu
(2016) Sofia Coppola
Sofia Coppola
(2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 46957805 LCCN: n87841107 ISNI: 0000 0000 5937 4171 GND: 134980506 SUDOC: 030867339 BNF: cb14008827w (data) MusicBrainz: 50c9f8cf-e02f-42c7-8de5-f9deba81e

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