FERNANDO EZEQUIEL \'PINO\' SOLANAS (born 16 February 1936) is an Argentine film director , screenwriter and politician. His films include La hora de los hornos (1968), Tangos: el exilio de Gardel (1985), Sur (1988), El viaje (1992), La nube (1998) and Memorias del saqueo (2004), among many others.
Solanas studied theatre, music and law. In 1962, he directed his
first short feature Seguir andando and in 1968 he covertly produced
and directed his first long feature film La Hora de los Hornos , a
documentary on neo-colonialism and violence in
* 1 Context * 2 Political work * 3 Filmography * 4 Quotes * 5 References * 6 Further reading * 7 External links
Solanas was at the forefront of the Grupo Cine Liberación that shook Argentine cinema in the 1970s, developing its social conscience and political voice. He was active in the campaign to support Perón . Threatened by right-wing forces in the 1970s, one of his actors was assassinated and he himself was almost kidnapped.
Together with Octavio Getino , Solanas wrote the manifesto "Toward a Third Cinema". The idea of a political Third Cinema , opposed to Hollywood cinema and European auteur cinema , inspired film makers in many so-called developing countries.
Solanas went into exile in
He continued to make political films and was an outspoken critic of
Carlos Menem , the Argentine President. Three days after such a public
criticism, on 21 May 1991, Solanas was shot six times in his legs.
Despite dealing with the attack and disability, Solanas became even
more involved in politics and stood to be a Senator for
Solanas continues to write and direct, including the 2005 film La Dignidad de los Nadies and the recently 2008 film La última estación. His son, Juan Solanas , is also a noted film director.
In October 2007, Solanas was a presidential candidate in the Argentine general election, 2007 for the Authentic Socialist Party . He became the 5th most voted candidate, with 1.58% of the vote.
In 2009, Solanas was elected as National Deputy for the city of
* Seguir andando (1962) (short)
* Reflexión ciudadana (1963) (short)
* La hora de los hornos (The Hour of the Furnaces) (1968)
* Argentina, Mayo de 1969: los caminos de la liberación (1969)
* Perón, la revolución justicialista (1971)
* Perón: actualización política y doctrinaria para la toma del
* Los hijos de fierro (1972)
* La mirada de los otros (1980) Filmed in
"The possibility of making a new cinema completely outside the system depends on whether or not filmmakers can transform themselves from 'directors' into total filmmakers. And no one can become a total filmmaker without being a film technician, without being capable of handling the production."
* ^ "
21st Moscow International Film Festival (1999)". MIFF.
Archived from the original on 2013-03-22. Retrieved 2013-03-23.
* ^ "Program in