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Fermanagh
Fermanagh
(Irish: Fear Manach) was a kingdom of Gaelic Ireland, associated geographically with present-day County Fermanagh. The kingdom became a borderland and competing ground between the descendants of the Three Collas and Eochaid Mugmedon (ie - the Uí Néill and Uí Briúin), both groups descending from Conn of the Hundred Battles. The realm came to be ruled by the Mag Uidhir
Mag Uidhir
(Maguire) clan by the end of the 13th century and this state of affairs continued on until 1607, when the last king of Fermanagh; Cú Chonnacht Óg Mag Uidhir; was one of the Gaelic Irish leaders who fled to the European Continent during the Flight of the Earls. Fermanagh
Fermanagh
was subsequently merged into the Stewart Kingdom of Ireland
Kingdom of Ireland
as County Fermanagh.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Laighin ancient origins 1.2 Connachta
Connachta
and Three Collas 1.3 11th century onwards

2 Kings of Fermanagh 3 Towns 4 See also 5 References

5.1 Bibliography

6 External links

History[edit] Laighin ancient origins[edit] The original "Fear Manach", that is to say the Manach or Monaigh people in the north of Ireland, claimed descent from the Laighin of Leinster.[1] They reached the upper Lough Erne
Lough Erne
in ancient times. According to the Book of Glendalaugh (also known as the Rawlinson B 502) a genealogy is provided for the early Manach people and they claim descent from Dáire Barrach, the son of Cathair Mór, High King of Ireland.[1] Dáire Barrach's descendants elsewhere in Ireland are today known as the MacGorman
MacGorman
(Mac Gormáin) and ruled Uí Bairrche during the Middle Ages. Cathair Mór himself had ruled Ireland as King of Tara in the 2nd century. Connachta
Connachta
and Three Collas[edit] During the 4th and 5th centuries, the geopolitical situation in Ireland changed due to the rise of the descendants of Conn of the Hundred Battles. Most significantly for the Fear Manach, the kingdoms of Airgíalla
Airgíalla
(under the descendants of the Three Collas), the kingdom of Ailech
Ailech
(under the Uí Néill) and the kingdom of Connacht
Connacht
(under the Uí Briúin) arose. According to Peadar Livingstone, the territory of Fermanagh
Fermanagh
became disputed by these groups and the previously ruling Fear Managh people.[2] 11th century onwards[edit] By the end of the 11th century, Fermanagh
Fermanagh
had decisively re-emerged as a sovereign kingdom in the region. The rulers of this kingdom were drawn from the Airgíalla. Early on the territory drew kings from three branches of Clann Lugainn; the Ó hEignigh (O'Heany), Maolruanaidh (Mulrooney) and Ó Dubhdara (Darragh). These families claimed descent from the Three Collas, in the person of Colla Fochríth and were thus kinsmen of the MacMahon kings of Airgíalla. Towards the end of the 13th century, the Mag Uidhir
Mag Uidhir
(Maguire) arose to the kingship of Fermanagh
Fermanagh
and with the exception of some challenges from the Ó Domhnaill
Ó Domhnaill
of Tyrconnell, this would remain the situation until the end of the kingdom in 1607 with the Flight of the Earls. Kings of Fermanagh[edit] Main article: Kings of Fermanagh The Annals of the Four Masters
Annals of the Four Masters
mention the following as Kings of Fermanagh.[3]

Cathal Ó Dubhdara (died 1009) Niall Ó hÉicnigh (died 1053) Domhnall Ó Mael Ruanaidh (died 1057) Giolla Críst Ó Dubhdara (died 1076) Ó hÉicnigh (died 1095) Laidhgnén Ó Dubhdara (died 1118) Ó Mael Ruanaidh (1126) Gilla Críost Ó hÉicnigh (died 1127), also over-king of Airgíalla. Faelán Ó Dubhdara (died 1128) Ó Mael Ruanaidh (died 1160) Mac an Oíche Ó Mael Ruanaidh (1189) Aonghus Mac Giolla Fhinnéin (died 1234) Domhnall Mór Ó Domnhaill (died 1241), also king of Tyrconnell. Flaithbertach Ó Daimin (died 1275) Donn Mag Uidhir
Mag Uidhir
(died 1298) Mac Craith Mag Uidhir
Mag Uidhir
(died 1306) Flaithbertach Mag Uidhir
Mag Uidhir
(died 1324) Aodh Ó Domhnaill
Ó Domhnaill
(died 1333), also king of Tyrconnell. Ruaidhri Mag Uidhir
Mag Uidhir
(died 1338) Aodh Ruadh Mag Uidhir
Mag Uidhir
(1360) Pilib Mag Uidhir
Mag Uidhir
(died 1366) Brian Mag Uidhir
Mag Uidhir
(died 1373) Pilib na Tuagh Mag Uidhir
Mag Uidhir
(died 1395) Tomás Mag Uidhir
Mag Uidhir
(died 1419) Tomás Mór Mag Uidhir
Mag Uidhir
(died 1430) Tomás Óg Mag Uidhir
Mag Uidhir
(died 1436) Éamonn Mag Uidhir
Mag Uidhir
(abdicated 1486) Tomás Óg mac Tomás Óg Mag Uidhir
Mag Uidhir
(deposed 1486) Seán Mag Uidhir
Mag Uidhir
(died 1503) Conchobhar Mór Mag Uidhir
Mag Uidhir
(died 1527) Cú Connacht
Connacht
Óg Mag Uidhir
Mag Uidhir
(died 1538) Giolla Pádraig Bán Mag Uidhir
Mag Uidhir
(died 1540) Seán Mag Uidhir
Mag Uidhir
(died 1566) Cú Connacht
Connacht
Óg Mag Uidhir
Mag Uidhir
(died 1589) Aodh Mag Uidhir
Mag Uidhir
(died 1601) Cú Chonnacht Óg Mag Uidhir
Mag Uidhir
(fled 1607)

Towns[edit] There are 3 Towns in County Fermanagh, in order Of biggest to smallest they are Enniskillen, Lisnaskea
Lisnaskea
and Irvenstown. Along with many other villages. See also[edit]

Annals of Ulster

References[edit]

^ a b "Fir Managh". Ireland's History in Maps. 26 January 2017.  ^ Livingstone 1969, p. 6. ^ "Origin of Darragh/Dorrough". Electric Scotland. 26 January 2017. 

Bibliography[edit]

Livingstone, Peadar (1969). The Fermanagh
Fermanagh
Story: A Documented History of the County Fermanagh
County Fermanagh
from the Earliest Times to the Present Day. Cumann Seanchais Chlochair. 

External links[edit]

Irish Chiefs and Clans in Fermanagh
Fermanagh
at Library Ireland Baronies of Ireland at Ireland's History in Maps

v t e

Connachta

Kindreds and septs

Connachta

Uí Briúin

O'Conor
O'Conor
Don O'Conor
O'Conor
Roe O'Conor
O'Conor
Sligo Murtagh O'Conor MacGeraghty O'Finaghty (Finnerty) O'Concannon MacTeige MacBrannan (Brennan) O'Flanagan MacDermot MacDonagh MacManus MacDockery O'Beirne O'Flaherty O'Rourke O'Reilly McGovern McKiernan O'Sheridan

Uí Fiachrach

MacClellan O'Heyne O'Cleary O'Shaughnessy O'Cahill MacKilkelly O'Dowd MacFirbis O'Cann O'Coyne O'Carney O'Towey (Tuffy) O'Gaughan O'Murray

Northern Uí Néill

Cenél Conaill

O'Donnell O'Doherty O'Gallagher Dunkeld MacDevitt (MacDaid) O'Boyle O'Cannon O'Muldorey O'Strain MacMenamin

Cenél nEógain

O'Neill MacLaughlin MacNeil Maclachlan Lamont MacEwen MacSweeney MacShane
MacShane
(Johnson) MacCaul O'Cahan O'Devlin O'Daly O'Gillan O'Kieran O'Donnelly O'Gormley O'Brallaghan (Bradley) Hamill

Southern Uí Néill

Clann Cholmáin
Clann Cholmáin
& Síl nÁedo Sláine

O'Melaghlin O'Molloy MacGeoghegan O'Higgin MacCary MacAuley

Clan Colla

McCarroll MacMahon McArdle Maguire MacManus McCaffrey MacDonald MacRory Darroch MacDonnell O'Mulrooney O'Monaghan O'Creehan O'Leighnin O'Heany O'Boylan O'Hanratty O'Hanlon O'Rogan O'Garvey O'Keelaghan (Callaghan) MacCann O'Curry O'Hennessy

Uí Maine

O'Kelly O'Donnellan O'Madden O'Downey O'Cleary O'Concannon O'Duigenan O'Naughton O'Mullally MacEgan O'Kearney O'Mulconry

Personalities

Óengus Tuirmech Temrach Énna Aignech Eochu Feidlech Eochu Airem Medb Findemna Clothru Lugaid Riab nDerg Crimthann Nia Náir Feradach Finnfechtnach Fíachu Finnolach Túathal Techtmar Fedlimid Rechtmar Conn of the Hundred Battles Art mac Cuinn Cormac mac Airt Gráinne Cairbre Lifechair Fíacha Sroiptine Muiredach Tirech Colla Uais Eochaid Mugmedon Niall of the Nine Hostages Columba of Iona Crínán of Dunkeld Ruaidrí Ua Conchobair Brian Ua Néill

Literature

Finn and Gráinne The Pursuit of Diarmuid and Gráinne An sluagh sidhe so i nEamhuin?

Places

Rathcroghan Hill of Tara Donegal Castle Mongavlin Castle Tullyhogue Fort Clonalis House

Battles

Creadran Cille Knockavoe Glentaisie Clannabuidhe Kinsale

Related articles

Gaels Milesians Heremonians Fenian Cycle Ulster Cycle Dal Fiachrach Suighe List of High Kings of Ireland Connacht Airgíalla Fermanagh Ailech Tyrone Clandeboye Tyrconnell East Breifne West Breifne Mide Uisnech Brega Connacht
Connacht
Irish Ulster Irish O'Rahilly's historical model Gaelic nobility of Ireland Flight of the Earls O'Neill's Regiment

Celts portal Ireland portal Category WikiProject

v t e

Laigin

Kindreds and septs

Dál Niad Cuirp

Uí Máil

O'Tighe O'Kelly

Uí Dúnlainge

Fitzdermot O'Toole O'Byrne O'Cosgrave

Uí Cheinnselaig

MacMurrough Kavanagh Kinsella Kehoe O'Finneran O'Murphy O'Garvey O'Hartley O'Ryan Morrow

Uí Failghe

O'Connor Faly O'Dunne O'Dempsey Kavanagh Branagh MacGilpatrick (Fitzpatrick) O'Dwyer O'Holohan O'Hennessy

Uí Bairrche

MacGorman Kearney Tracy Hughes Mooney Carney

Uí Enechglaiss

O'Feary

Uí Crimthainn Áin

O'Duff

Dál Cairpre Arad

O'Kealy

Dál Messin Corb

O'Farrell

Personalities

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Places

Naas Mullaghmast Lyons Hill

Battles

Confey Glenmama Clontarf Móin Mhór Ros-Mhic-Thriúin Glenmalure

Related articles

Gaels Milesians Heremonians Mythological Cycle Dindsenchas Book of Leinster List of Kings of Leinster Kingdom of Leinster O'Rahilly's historical model Gaelic nobility of Ireland Follow Me up to Carlow

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Gaelic conquests

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