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Ferdinand II (Aragonese: Ferrando, Catalan: Ferran, Basque: Errando, Spanish: Fernando) (10 March 1452 – 23 January 1516), called the Catholic, was King of Sicily
King of Sicily
from 1468 and King of Aragon[1] from 1479 until his death. The 1469 marriage of Ferdinand, heir apparent to the crown of Aragon, and Isabella of Castile, heir apparent to the crown of Castile, was the marital and political "cornerstone in the foundation of the Spanish monarchy."[2] As a consequence of his marriage to Isabella I, he was de jure uxoris King of Castile
King of Castile
as Ferdinand V from 1474 until her death in 1504. At Isabella's death the crown of Castile passed to their daughter Joanna, by the terms of their prenuptial agreement and her last will and testament. Following the death of Joanna's husband Philip I of Spain, and her alleged mental illness, Ferdinand was recognized as regent of Castile from 1508 until his own death. In 1504, after a war with France, he became King of Naples
King of Naples
as Ferdinand III, reuniting Naples with Sicily permanently and for the first time since 1458. In 1512, he became King of Navarre by conquest. In 1505 he married Germaine de Foix
Germaine de Foix
of France, but Ferdinand's only son and child of that marriage died soon after birth; had the child survived, the personal union of the crowns of Aragon and Castile would have ceased. Ferdinand is today best known for his role in inaugurating the discovery of the New World in the future Americas, since he and Isabella sponsored the first voyage of Christopher Columbus (1451-1506), in 1492. That year was the final victory in the war with Granada
Granada
which defeated the last Muslim state in Iberia
Iberia
and all of Western Europe. This brought to a close the centuries-long Christian reconquest of Iberia. For that Christian victory, Pope Alexander VI, born in the kingdom of Valencia in Aragon, awarded the royal couple the title of Catholic Monarchs. At Ferdinand's death Joanna's son, Ferdinand's grandson, Charles I, who was co-ruler in name over all the several Iberian kingdoms except for Portugal, succeeded him, making Charles the first King of Spain. However, during the regency of Ferdinand, many called him the King of Spain
King of Spain
as distinct from his daughter Joanna, “queen of Castile”.[3]

Contents

1 Biography

1.1 Acquiring titles and powers 1.2 Forced conversions 1.3 After Isabella 1.4 Legacy and succession

2 Children 3 Ancestry 4 Heraldry 5 Depiction in film and television 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Biography[edit] Acquiring titles and powers[edit] Ferdinand was born in Sada Palace, Sos del Rey Católico, Kingdom of Aragon, as the son of John II of Aragon
John II of Aragon
(whose family was a cadet branch of the House of Trastámara) by his second wife, Juana Enríquez.[4] He married Infanta Isabella, the half-sister and heiress of Henry IV of Castile, on 19 October 1469 in Valladolid, Kingdom of Castile and Leon. Isabella also belonged to the royal House of Trastámara, and the two were cousins by descent from John I of Castile. They were married with a clear prenuptial agreement on sharing power, and under the joint motto "tanto monta, monta tanto." He became jure uxoris King of Castile
King of Castile
when Isabella succeeded her deceased brother in 1474 to be crowned as Queen Isabella I of Castile. The two young monarchs were initially obliged to fight a civil war against Joan of Castile (also known as Juana la Beltraneja), the purported daughter of Henry IV, and were swiftly successful.[5] When Ferdinand succeeded his father as King of Aragon
King of Aragon
in 1479, the Crown of Castile and the various territories of the Crown of Aragon
Crown of Aragon
were united in a personal union. For the first time since the 8th century, this union created a single political unit referred to as España (Spain), the root of which is the ancient name Hispania. The various states were not formally administered as a single unit, but as separate political units under the same Crown.[6] (The legal merging of Aragon and Castile into a single Spain
Spain
occurred under Philip V in 1707–1715.)

Ferdinand the Catholic swearing the fueros of Biscay
Biscay
as their Lord at Guernica in 1476

Columbus soliciting aid of Ferdinand's wife Isabella.

The first years of Ferdinand and Isabella's joint rule saw the Spanish conquest of the Nasrid dynasty
Nasrid dynasty
of the Emirate of Granada
Emirate of Granada
(Moorish Kingdom of Granada), the last Islamic al-Andalus entity on the Iberian peninsula, completed in 1492.[7] The completion of the Reconquista
Reconquista
was not the only significant act performed by Ferdinand and Isabella in that year. In March 1492, the monarchs issued the Edict of Expulsion of the Jews, also called the Alhambra Decree,[8] a document which ordered all Jews
Jews
either to be baptised and convert to Christianity or to leave the country.[9] It allowed Mudéjar
Mudéjar
Moors (Islamic) and converso Marrano
Marrano
Jews
Jews
to stay, while expelling all unconverted Jews
Jews
from Castile and Aragon (most Jews
Jews
either converted or moved to Islamic lands of North Africa and the Ottoman Empire). 1492
1492
was also the year in which the monarchs commissioned Christopher Columbus
Christopher Columbus
to find a westward maritime route for access to Asia, which resulted in the Spanish arrival in the Americas. In 1494 the Treaty of Tordesillas
Treaty of Tordesillas
divided the entire world beyond Europe between Portugal
Portugal
and Castile (Spain) for conquest and dominion purposes – by a north–south line drawn down the Atlantic Ocean. Forced conversions[edit] Ferdinand violated the 1491 Treaty of Granada
Treaty of Granada
peace treaty in 1502 by dismissing the clearly guaranteed religious freedom for Mudéjar Muslims. Ferdinand forced all Muslims in Castile and Aragon to convert, converso Moriscos, to Catholicism, or else be expelled. Some of the Muslims who remained were mudéjar artisans, who could design and build in the Moorish style. This was also practised by the Spanish inquisitors on the converso Marrano
Marrano
Jewish population of Spain. The main architect behind the Spanish Inquisition
Spanish Inquisition
was King Ferdinand II, who was ironically of converso heritage (or perhaps because of it, he may have been embittered by being the great-grandson of Fadrique's mistress).[10][11][12][13][14] Ferdinand destroyed over ten thousand Arabic manuscripts in Granada alone, burning them.[citation needed]

Wedding portrait of King Ferdinand II of Aragón and Queen Isabella of Castile.

The latter part of Ferdinand's life was largely taken up with disputes with successive Kings of France over control of Italy, the so-called Italian Wars. In 1494, Charles VIII of France
Charles VIII of France
invaded Italy and expelled Alfonso II, who was Ferdinand's first cousin once removed and stepson of Ferdinand's sister, from the throne of Naples. Ferdinand allied with various Italian princes and with Emperor Maximilian I to expel the French by 1496 and install Alfonso's son, Ferdinand, on the Neapolitan throne. In 1501, following the death of Ferdinand II of Naples and accession of his uncle Frederick, Ferdinand signed an agreement with Charles VIII's successor, Louis XII, who had just successfully asserted his claims to the Duchy of Milan, to partition Naples between them, with Campania
Campania
and the Abruzzi, including Naples itself, going to the French and Ferdinand taking Apulia
Apulia
and Calabria. The agreement soon fell apart and, over the next several years, Ferdinand's great general Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba
Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba
fought to take Naples from the French, finally succeeding by 1504.

The King of France complains that I have twice deceived him. He lies, the fool; I have deceived him ten times and more. — Ferdinand the Catholic.[15]

After Isabella[edit] Isabella made her will on 12 October 1504, in advance of her 26 November 1504 death. In it she spelled out the succession to the crown of Castile, leaving it to Joanna and then to Joanna's son Charles. Isabella was dubious of Joanna's ability to rule and was not confident of Joanna's husband Archduke Philip. Ferdinand moved quickly after his wife's death to continue his role in Castile. "On the day of his wife's death, Ferdinand formally renounced his title as king of Castile, which he had held since 1474, and instead became governor (gobernador) of the kingdom," as a way to become regent. Philip deemed his wife sane and fit to rule. A compromise was forged between Philip and Ferdinand, which gave Ferdinand a continued role in Castile.[16] Ferdinand II had served as the latter's regent during her absence in the Netherlands, ruled by her husband Archduke Philip. Ferdinand attempted to retain the regency permanently, but was rebuffed by the Castilian nobility and replaced with Joanna's husband, who became Philip I of Castile. In the Treaty of Villafáfila
Treaty of Villafáfila
of 1506, Ferdinand renounced not only the government of Castile in favor of his son-in-law Philip I of Castile but also the lordship of the Indies, withholding a half of the income of the kingdoms of the Indies.[17] Joanna of Castile
Joanna of Castile
and Philip immediately added to their titles the kingdoms of Indies, Islands and Mainland of the Ocean Sea. But the Treaty of Villafáfila
Treaty of Villafáfila
did not hold for long because of the death of Philip; Ferdinand returned as regent of Castile and as "lord the Indies".[18] The widowed Ferdinand made an alliance with France in July 1505 and married Germaine of Foix, also of the house of Trastámara, cementing the alliance with France. She was the granddaughter of his half-sister Queen Eleanor of Navarre
Eleanor of Navarre
and niece of Louis XII
Louis XII
of France. Had Ferdinand's son with Germaine, John, Prince of Girona, born on 3 May 1509, survived, "the crown of Aragon would inevitably been separated from Castile."[16] and denied his grandson Charles the crown of Aragon. But the infant Prince John died within hours and was buried in the convent of Saint Paul in Valladolid, Kingdom of Castile
Kingdom of Castile
and Leon, and later transferred to Poblet Monastery, Vimbodí i Poblet, Catalonia, Kingdom of Aragon, traditional burial site of the kings of Aragon.[19] Ferdinand had no legal position in Castile with the cortes of Toro recognizing Joanna and her children as heirs and Ferdinand left Castile in July 1506. After his son-in-law Philip's untimely death in September 1506, Castile was in crisis. Joanna was allegedly mentally unstable, and Joanna's and Philip's son, Charles, the future Emperor Charles V, was only six years old. Cardinal Francisco Jiménez de Cisneros, the Chancellor of the Kingdom, was made regent, but the upper nobility reasserted itself. Ferdinand led an army against the marquis of Priego of Córdoba, who had seized control there by force.[20]

Statue of Ferdinand in the Sabatini Gardens
Sabatini Gardens
in Madrid

In 1508 war resumed in Italy, this time against the Republic of Venice, which all the other powers with interests on the Italian peninsula, including Louis XII, Ferdinand II, Maximilian, and Pope Julius II joined together against as the 'League of Cambrai'. Although the French were victorious against Venice at the Battle of Agnadello, the League of Cambrai
League of Cambrai
soon fell apart, as both the Pope and Ferdinand II became suspicious of French intentions. Instead, the 'Holy League' was formed, in which now all the powers joined together against Louis XII and France. In November 1511 Ferdinand II and his son-in-law King Henry VIII of England signed the Treaty of Westminster, pledging mutual aid between the two against Navarre and France ahead of the Castilian invasion of Navarre as of July 1512. After the fall of Granada
Granada
in 1492, he had manoeuvred for years to take over the throne of the Basque kingdom, ruled by Queen Catherine of Navarre
Catherine of Navarre
and King John III of Navarre, also lords of Béarn
Béarn
and other sizeable territories of the Pyrenees and western Gascony. Ferdinand annexed Navarre first to the Crown of Aragon, but later, under the pressure of Castilian noblemen, to the Crown of Castile. The Holy League was generally successful in Italy, as well, driving the French from Milan, which was restored to its Sforza dukes by the peace treaty in 1513. The French were successful in reconquering Milan two years later, however. Ferdinand II died on 23 January 1516 in Madrigalejo, Extremadura, Kingdom of Castile
Kingdom of Castile
and Leon. He is entombed at Capilla Real, Granada, Kingdom of Castile
Kingdom of Castile
and Leon. His wife Isabella I, daughter Joanna I, and son-in-law Philip I rest beside him there. Legacy and succession[edit]

Ferdinand by an unknown painter, c. 1520s

Ferdinand the Catholic, by the "Meister der Magdalenen-Legende"

Ferdinand and Isabella established a highly effective sovereignty under equal terms. They utilised a prenuptial agreement to lay down their terms. During their reign they supported each other effectively in accordance to his joint motto of equality: "Tanto monta (or monta tanto), Isabel como Fernando", ("They amount to the same, Isabel and Ferdinand"). Isabella and Ferdinand's achievements were remarkable: Spain
Spain
was united, or at least more united than it ever had been, the crown power was centralised, at least in name, the reconquista was successfully concluded, the groundwork for the most dominant military machine of the next century and a half was laid, a legal framework was created, the church reformed. Even without the benefit of the American expansion, Spain
Spain
would have been a major European power. Columbus' discovery set the country on the course for the first modern world power. During the reign of Ferdinand and Isabella, Spain
Spain
pursued alliances through marriage with Portugal, Habsburg
Habsburg
Austria, and Burgundy. Their first-born daughter Isabella was married to Alfonso of Portugal, and their first-born son John was married to Margaret of Austria. However, the deaths of these children, and the death of Isabella, altered the succession plan forcing Ferdinand to yield the government of Castile to Philip of Habsburg
Habsburg
the husband of his second daughter Joanna.[21] In 1502, the members of the Aragonese Cortes gathered in Zaragoza, and Parliaments of the Kingdom of Valencia
Kingdom of Valencia
and the Principality of Catalonia
Catalonia
in Barcelona, as members of the Crown of Aragon, swore an oath of loyalty to their daughter Joanna as heiress, but Alonso de Aragón, Archbishop of Saragossa, stated firmly that this oath was invalid and did not change the law of succession which could only be done by formal legislation by the Cortes with the King.[22][23] So, when King Ferdinand died on 23 January 1516, his daughter Joanna inherited the Crown of Aragon, and his grandson Charles became Governor General (regent).[24] Nevertheless, the Flemish wished that Charles assume the royal title, and this was supported by his paternal grandfather the Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I and by Pope Leo X. Consequently, after Ferdinand II's funeral on 14 March 1516, Charles I was proclaimed King of Castile
King of Castile
and of Aragon jointly with his mother. Finally, the Castilian Regent, Cardinal Jiménez de Cisneros
Jiménez de Cisneros
accepted the fait accompli, and the Castilian and Aragonese Cortes paid homage to him[25] as King of Aragon
King of Aragon
jointly with his mother.[26] Ferdinand's grandson and successor Charles, was to inherit not only the Spanish lands of his maternal grandparents, but the Habsburg
Habsburg
and Burgundian lands of his paternal family, which would make his heirs the most powerful rulers on the continent and, with the discoveries and conquests in the Americas
Americas
and elsewhere, of the first truly global Empire. Children[edit]

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Main article: Descendants of Isabella I of Castile
Isabella I of Castile
and Ferdinand II of Aragon With his wife Isabella I the Catholic (whom he married 19 October 1469), King Ferdinand had seven children:

Isabella (1470–1498), Princess of Asturias (1497–1498). She married first Afonso, Prince of Portugal, then after his death married his uncle Prince Manuel, the future King Emanuel I of Portugal. She died in childbirth delivering her son Miguel da Paz (Michael of Peace), Crown Prince of both Portugal
Portugal
and Spain
Spain
who, in turn, died in infancy. A son miscarried on 31 May 1475 in Cebreros John (1478–1497), Prince of Asturias (1478–1497). He married Margaret of Habsburg
Habsburg
(daughter of Emperor Maximilian I). He died of tuberculosis and his posthumous child with Margaret was stillborn. Joanna I (1479–1555), Princess of Asturias (1500–1504), Queen of Castile (1504–1555), Queen of Aragon (1516–1555). She married Philip I (Philip the handsome) (son of Emperor Maximilian I); and was the mother of King Charles I of Spain
Charles I of Spain
(also known as Charles V as Holy Roman Emperor). Ferdinand made her out to be mentally unstable and she was incarcerated by him, and then by her son, in Tordesillas
Tordesillas
for over 50 years. Her grandson, Philip II of Spain, was crowned in 1556. Maria (1482–1517). She married King Emanuel I of Portugal, the widower of her elder sister Isabella, and was the mother of King John III of Portugal
Portugal
and of the Cardinal-King, Henry I of Portugal. A stillborn daughter, twin of Maria. Born 1 July 1482 at dawn. Catalina, later known Catherine of Aragon, queen of England, (1485–1536). She married first Arthur, Prince of Wales, son of and heir to King Henry VII of England
Henry VII of England
and, after Prince Arthur's death, she married his brother Henry, Duke of York, who also became Prince of Wales and then King Henry VIII. She thus became Queen of England and was the mother of Queen Mary I.

With his second wife, Germaine of Foix, niece of Louis XII
Louis XII
of France (whom he married on 19 October 1505 in Blois, Kingdom of France), King Ferdinand had one son:

John, Prince of Girona, who died hours after being born on 3 May 1509.

He also left several illegitimate children, two of them were born before his marriage to Isabella: With Aldonza Ruiz de Iborre y Alemany, a Catalan noblewoman of Cervera, he had:

Alonso de Aragón
Alonso de Aragón
(1469 – 1520). Archbishop of Zaragoza and Viceroy of Aragon.

With Joana Nicolaua:

Juana de Aragón (1469 – bef. 1522). She married Bernardino Fernández de Velasco, 1st Duke of Frías.

With Toda de Larrea:

María Esperanza de Aragón (? – 1543). Abbess of Santa María la Real de Las Huelgas.

With Beatriz Pereira:

(? – 1550). Nun at Madrigal de las Altas Torres.

Ancestry[edit]

Ancestors of Ferdinand II of Aragon

16. Henry II of Castile

8. John I of Castile

17. Juana Manuel

4. Ferdinand I of Aragon

18. Peter IV of Aragon

9. Eleanor of Aragon

19. Eleanor of Sicily

2. John II of Aragon

20. Alfonso XI of Castile

10. Sancho Alfonso, 1st Count of Alburquerque

21. Eleanor of Guzman

5. Eleanor of Alburquerque

22. Peter I of Portugal

11. Beatrice of Portugal

23. Inês de Castro

1. Ferdinand II of Aragon

24. Fadrique Alfonso

12. Alonso Enríquez

25. Paloma ... (possibly?)

6. Fadrique Enríquez de Mendoza

26. Pedro González de Mendoza[30]

13. Juana de Mendoza[27]

27. Aldonza de Ayala

3. Juana Enríquez

28. Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba

14. Diego Fernández de Córdoba[28]

29. María García Carrillo

7. Mariana Fernández de Córdoba

30. Pedro Suárez de Toledo[31]

15. Inés de Ayala[29]

31. Juana Meléndez de Orozco

Heraldry[edit]

Heraldry of Ferdinand of Aragon

Monarch of the Crown of Castille (with Isabella I)

1474–1492. 

After the conquest of Granada. With the arms of Granada. 1492–1504 

Description

The Arms quarter the arms of Castile and León with the arms of Aragon and Aragonese Sicily, the last combining the arms of Aragon with the black eagle of the Hohenstaufen
Hohenstaufen
of Sicily.[32] Sovereign of Aragon

Coat of arms of Ferdinand II, in La Aljafería
Aljafería
in Zaragoza.[32] 

Common Design 1479–1492[32] 

Version with supporters 1513–1516[32] 

1474–1492

1492–1504

1504–1513[32]

1513–1516[32]

Lord of Biscay

 

Depiction in film and television[edit]

Films

Year Film Director(s) Actor

1951 Hare We Go Robert McKimson Mel Blanc

1976 La espada negra Francisco Rovira Beleta Juan Ribó

1985 Christopher Columbus Alberto Lattuada Nicol Williamson

1992 Christopher Columbus: The Discovery John Glen Tom Selleck

1992 1492: Conquest of Paradise Ridley Scott Fernando García Rimada

1992 Carry On Columbus Gerald Thomas Leslie Phillips

1990 Shaheen Mohsin Ali Rashid Mehmood (actor)

2001 Juana la Loca Vicente Aranda Héctor Colomé

TV series

Year Series Channel

1991 Réquiem por Granada TVE

2004 Memoria de España TVE

2011 Muhteşem Yüzyıl Show TV

2012 Isabel, mi reina TVE

See also[edit]

Catholic Monarchs Spanish Empire

References[edit]

^ Aragonese crown included the kingdoms of Majorca, Sardinia and Valencia, as well as the Principality of Catalonia. ^ Bethany Aram, "Monarchs of Spain" in Iberia
Iberia
and the Americas, vol. 2, p. 725. Santa Barbara: ABC Clio 2006. ^ Aram, "Monarchs of Spain", p. 725. ^ Edwards, John. The Spain
Spain
of the Catholic Monarchs
Catholic Monarchs
1474–1520. Blackwell Publishers Inc, 2000, p. xiii ^ Edwards, John. The Spain
Spain
of the Catholic Monarchs
Catholic Monarchs
1474–1520. Blackwell Publishers Inc, 2000, pp. 1–37 ^ Edwards, John. The Spain
Spain
of the Catholic Monarchs
Catholic Monarchs
1474–1520. Blackwell Publishers Inc, 2000, pp. 38–39 ^ Joseph F. O'Callaghan, A History of Medieval Spain
Spain
(Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, 1983), 24. ISBN 0-8014-9264-5. Preview of cited page available on Google Books as of 10 March 2011. See also: Richard Fletcher, "The Early Middle Ages, 700–1250," in Spain: A History, ed. Raymond Carr (New York: Oxford University Press, 2000). ISBN 0-19-280236-4. ^ Michael C. Thomsett, The Inquisition: A History (Jefferson, NC: McFarland and Company, Inc., 2010), 158. ^ Bernard Lewis, Cultures in Conflict: Christians, Muslims and Jews
Jews
in the Age of Discovery (New York: Oxford University Press, 1995), 35–6. ISBN 0-19-509026-8 ^ "Who are the Sephardim?" ^ Florentino Perez Embid, "El Almirantazgo de Castilla hasta las Capitulaciones de Santa Fe", note 430, pages 142 and 143 ^ Eliyahu ben Elqana Capsali (c1490-c1555) in his *Seder Eliyahu Zuta*, Hebrew University, Jerusalem (1975). Chapter 58 in volume I, pp. 182-184. ^ "Die Ahnen der Dona Leonor Alvarez de Toledo, Grossfuerstin von Toskana",*Genealogisches Jahrbuch*, Band 8 (1968), at nr. 73 on p. 13 ^ "Dona Margarita de Cardona, Mutter des ersten Fuersten von Dietrichstein",

Jahrbuch der Heraldisch-Genealogischen Gesellschaft "Adler"*, Dritte

Folge, Band 7 (1970), at nr. 41 (and note 87) on p. 144 ^ Miles H. Davidson, Columbus then and now: a life reexamined, University of Oklahoma Press 1997, ISBN 0-8061-2934-4, p. 474. ^ a b Edwards, The Spain
Spain
of the Catholic Monarchs, p. 288. ^ Memoria del Segundo Congreso Venezolano de Historia, del 18 al 23 de noviembre de 1974 (in Spanish). Academia Nacional de la Historia (Venezuela). 1975. p. 404.  ^ Sánchez Prieto, Ana Belén (2004). La intitulación diplomática de los Reyes Católicos: un programa político y una lección de historia (PDF) (in Spanish). III Jornadas Científicas sobre Documentación en época de los Reyes Católicos. p. 296.  ^ De Francisco Olmos, José María: Estudio documental de la moneda castellana de Carlos I fabricada en los Países Bajos (1517), Revista General de Información y Documentación 13, 133–153, 2003. URL: L. Külső hivatkozások ^ Edwards, The Spain
Spain
of the Catholic Monarchs, pp. 288-89. ^ Elliot, J. H. Imperial Spain
Spain
1469–1716. Penguin Books (New York: 2002), pg. 208. ISBN 0-14-100703-6 ^ Estudio documental de la moneda castellana de Carlos I fabricada en los Países Bajos (1517); José María de Francisco Olmos Archived 5 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine., Revista General de Información y Documentación 2003, vol 13, núm.2 (Universidad complutense de Madrid), page 137 ^ Estudio documental de la moneda castellana de Juana la Loca fabricada en los Países Bajos (1505–1506); José María de Francisco Olmos Archived 14 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine., Revista General de Información y Documentación 2002, vol 12, núm.2 (Universidad complutense de Madrid), page 299 ^ Estudio documental de la moneda castellana de Carlos I fabricada en los Países Bajos (1517); José María de Francisco Olmos Archived 5 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine., Revista General de Información y Documentación 2003, vol 13, núm.2 (Universidad complutense de Madrid) page 138 ^ Historia general de España; Modesto Lafuente (1861), pp. 51–52. ^ Fueros, observancias y actos de corte del Reino de Aragón; Santiago Penén y Debesa, Pascual Savall y Dronda, Miguel Clemente (1866) Archived 10 June 2008 at the Wayback Machine., page 64 Archived 10 June 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ es:Juana de Mendoza ^ es:Diego Fernández de Córdoba (1355-1435) ^ es:Inés de Ayala ^ es:Pedro González de Mendoza ^ es:Pedro Suárez de Toledo ^ a b c d e f Menéndez Pidal de Navascués, Faustino (2004) «Los Reyes Católicos», El escudo de España, Madrid, Real Academia Matritense de Heráldica y Genealogía; Ediciones Hidalguia. ISBN 978-84-88833-02-0

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ferdinand II of Aragon.

"Ferdinand II", from Encyclopædia Britannica
Encyclopædia Britannica
Online.

Ferdinand the Catholic House of Trastámara Born: 10 March 1452 Died: 23 January 1516

Regnal titles

Preceded by John the Great King of Sicily 1468–1516 Succeeded by Joanna the Mad

King of Aragon, Valencia, and Majorca, Count of Barcelona 1479–1516

Preceded by Isabella the Catholic as sole monarch King of Castile
King of Castile
and León 1474–1504 with Isabella the Catholic

Preceded by Charles the Affable Count of Roussillon and Cerdagne 1493–1516

Preceded by Louis III King of Naples 1504–1516

Preceded by Catherine and John III King of Navarre 1512–1516

Titles of nobility

Preceded by Charles of Viana Prince of Girona 1461–1479 Succeeded by John of Asturias

Preceded by John the Great Lord of Balaguer 1458–1479

Duke of Gandía 1461–1479 Merged with the Crown

Preceded by Juana Enríquez Lord of Casarrubios del Monte 1468–1479

v t e

Infantes of Aragon

1st Generation

Sancho I García

2nd Generation

Peter I Ferdinand Alfonso I Ramiro II

3rd Generation

Peter

4th Generation

Peter Ramon/Alfonso II Peter, Count of Cerdanya/Ramon Berenguer III, Count of Provence Sancho, Count of Provence Ramon

5th Generation

Peter II Alfonso II, Count of Provence Sancho Ferdinand Ramon Berenguer

6th Generation

James I

7th Generation

Alfonso Peter III James II of Majorca Ferdinand Sancho James, Lord of Jérica Peter, Lord of Ayerbe

8th Generation

Alfonso III James II Frederick III of Sicily Pedro James 1 Sancho of Majorca 1 Philip 1 Ferdinand, Viscount of Aumelas 1 James, Lord of Jérica Peter, Lord of Ayerbe

9th Generation

James Alfonso IV John Peter, Count of Ribagorza Ramon Berenguer, Count of Ampurias Peter II of Sicily 2 Roger 2 Manfred, Duke of Athens and Neopatria 2 William II, Duke of Athens and Neopatria 2 John, Duke of Randazzo 2 James III of Majorca 1 Ferdinand, Viscount of Aumelas 1 James, Lord of Jérica Peter, Lord of Jérica Alfonso, Lord of Cocentaina

10th Generation

Alfonso Peter IV James I, Count of Urgell Fadrique Sancho Ferdinand, Marquis of Tortosa John, Lord of Elche Alfonso, Count of Ribagorza John, Count of Prades Jaime John, Count of Ampurias Peter, Count of Ampurias Louis of Sicily 2 Frederick IV of Sicily 2 Frederick I, Duke of Athens and Neopatria 2 James IV of Majorca 1

11th Generation

Peter John I Martin Alfonso Alonso, Count of Morella Peter Peter II, Count of Urgell Infante
Infante
John of Ribagorza James, Baron of Arenós Alfonso, Count of Ribagorza Peter, Marquis of Villena Peter, Count of Prades James, Count of Prades Louis of Prades

12th Generation

James John Alfonso James, Duke of Girona Fernando, Duke of Girona Pedro, Duke of Girona Martin I of Sicily James John Antonio of Urgell James II, Count of Urgell Peter of Urgell John, Baron of Entenza

13th Generation

Peter Martin

14th Generation

Alfonso V John II Henry, Duke of Villena Peter, Count of Alburquerque Sancho

15th Generation

Charles, Prince of Viana Ferdinand II

16th Generation

Juan, Prince of Asturias John, Prince of Girona

17th Generation

Charles I of Spain Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor

1 also a prince of Majorca 2 also a prince of Sicily

v t e

Princes and Princesses of Girona

Infanta Leonor (2014-present)

Infante
Infante
Felipe (1977-2014) Infante
Infante
Alfonso (1907–1931) Infante
Infante
Charles (1661-1665) Infante
Infante
Philip Prospero (1657-1661) Infante
Infante
Balthasar Charles (1629–1646) Philip IV (1605-1621) Infante
Infante
Philip (1582-1598) Infante
Infante
Diego (1578-1582) Infante
Infante
Ferdinand (1571–1578) Infante
Infante
Charles (1556-1568) Philip II (1527-1556) Infante
Infante
Charles (1504-1516) Infanta Joanna (1509-1516) Infante
Infante
John (1509) Infanta Joanna (1502-1509) Infante
Infante
Michael of Portugal
Portugal
(1498-1500) Infante
Infante
John (1479-1497) Infante
Infante
Ferdinand (1461-1479) Infante
Infante
Charles (1458-1461) Infante
Infante
Alfonso (1416)

v t e

Monarchs of Aragon

House of Jiménez

Ramiro I Sancho Peter I Alfonso I Ramiro II Petronilla

House of Barcelona

Alfonso II Peter II James I Peter III Alfonso III James II Alfonso IV Peter IV John I Martin

House of Trastámara

Ferdinand I Alfonso V John II Ferdinand II Joanna

House of Habsburg

Charles I Philip I Philip II Philip III Charles II

v t e

Monarchs of Castile

House of Jiménez

Ferdinand I "the Magno" Sancho II "the Strong" Alfonso VI "the Brave" Urraca "the Reckless"

House of Burgundy

Alfonso VII "the Emperor" Sancho III "the Desired" Alfonso VIII "the Noble" Henry I Berengaria Ferdinand III "the Saint" Alfonso X "the Wise" Sancho IV "the Brave" Ferdinand IV "the Summoned" Alfonso XI "the Avenger" Peter "the Cruel"

House of Trastámara

Henry II "the Fracticidal" John I Henry III "the Mourner" John II Henry IV "the Impotent" Isabella I "the Catholic" Ferdinand V "the Catholic" Joanna "the Mad"

House of Habsburg

Philip I "the Handsome" Charles I "the Emperor" Philip II "the Prudent" Philip III "the Devotional" Philip IV "the Stunned" Charles II "the Bewitched"

v t e

Monarchs of León

Astur-Leonese house

Alfonso III García I Ordoño II Fruela II Alfonso IV Ramiro II Ordoño III Sancho I Ordoño IV Sancho I Ramiro III Bermudo II Alfonso V Bermudo III

House of Jiménez

Ferdinand I Sancho II Alfonso VI Urraca

House of Burgundy

Alfonso VII Ferdinand II Alfonso IX Ferdinand III Alfonso X Sancho IV Ferdinand IV Alfonso XI Peter

House of Trastámara

Henry II John I Henry III John II Henry IV Isabella I & Ferdinand V Joanna & Philip I

House of Habsburg

Charles I

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 76324947 LCCN: n50002750 ISNI: 0000 0001 2282 0163 GND: 118686712 SELIBR: 325008 SUDOC: 027767345 BNF: cb131870332 (data) NLA: 36530209 NKC: xx0017038 BNE: XX903

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