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__NOTOC__ Fennoscandia (Finnish, Swedish and no|Fennoskandia|nocat=1; russian: Фенноскандия|Fennoskandiya) or the Fennoscandian Peninsula is the geographical peninsula comprising the Scandinavian and Kola Peninsulas, mainland Finland, and Karelia. Administratively this roughly encompasses the mainlands of Finland, Norway and Sweden, as well as Murmansk Oblast, much of the Republic of Karelia, and parts of northern Leningrad Oblast in Russia. Its name comes from the Latin words ''Fennia'' (Finland) and ''Scandia'' (Scandinavian). The term was first used by the Finnish geologist Wilhelm Ramsay in 1898. Geologically, the area is distinct because its bedrock is Archean granite and gneiss with very little limestone, in contrast to adjacent areas in Europe. The similar term Fenno-Scandinavia is sometimes used as a synonym for Fennoscandia. Both terms are sometimes used in English to refer to a cultural or political grouping of Finland with Denmark, Sweden, and Norway (Scandinavia), which is a subset of the Nordic countries.Fennoscandia, n.
, ''Oxford English Dictionary Online'', 2nd edn (Oxford: Oxford University Press, December 2019). Accessed 10 February 2020.


See also

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References





Further reading


* Ramsay, W., 1898. Über die Geologische Entwicklung der Halbinsel Kola in der Quartärzeit. Fennia 16 (1), 151 p.

External links


Geological Map of the Fennoscandian Shield

THE FENNOSCANDIAN SHIELD WITHIN FENNOSCANDIA
Category:Archean geology Category:Geology of Finland Category:Geography of Karelia Category:Geology of Norway Category:Geology of Sweden Category:Peninsulas of Europe Category:1890s neologisms {{Europe-geo-stub