and no|Fennoskandia|nocat=1; russian: Фенноскандия|Fennoskandiya) or the Fennoscandian Peninsula is the geographical peninsula
comprising the Scandinavian
and Kola Peninsula
s, mainland Finland
, and Karelia
. Administratively this roughly encompasses the mainlands of Finland
, as well as Murmansk Oblast
, much of the Republic of Karelia
, and parts of northern Leningrad Oblast
Its name comes from the Latin words ''Fennia'' (Finland) and ''Scandia'' (Scandinavian). The term was first used by the Finnish geologist Wilhelm Ramsay
Geologically, the area is distinct because its bedrock
is Archean granite
with very little limestone
, in contrast to adjacent areas in Europe.
The similar term Fenno-Scandinavia is sometimes used as a synonym for Fennoscandia. Both terms are sometimes used in English to refer to a cultural or political grouping of Finland with Denmark, Sweden, and Norway (Scandinavia
), which is a subset of the Nordic countries
, ''Oxford English Dictionary Online'', 2nd edn (Oxford: Oxford University Press, December 2019). Accessed 10 February 2020.
* Ramsay, W., 1898. Über die Geologische Entwicklung der Halbinsel Kola in der Quartärzeit. Fennia 16 (1), 151 p.
Geological Map of the Fennoscandian ShieldTHE FENNOSCANDIAN SHIELD WITHIN FENNOSCANDIA
Category:Geology of Finland
Category:Geography of Karelia
Category:Geology of Norway
Category:Geology of Sweden
Category:Peninsulas of Europe