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The Info List - Fell Running


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Fell
Fell
running, sometimes known as hill running, but not to be confused with mountain running, is the sport of running and racing, off road, over upland country where the gradient climbed is a significant component of the difficulty. The name arises from the origins of the English sport on the fells of northern Britain, especially those in the Lake District. Fell
Fell
races are organised on the premise that contenders possess mountain navigation skills and carry adequate survival equipment as prescribed by the organiser.

Contents

1 History 2 Overlap with other sports 3 Rocks 4 Organisations 5 Championships 6 Race categories

6.1 Ascent categories

6.1.1 Category A 6.1.2 Category B 6.1.3 Category C

6.2 Distance Categories

6.2.1 Category L 6.2.2 Category M 6.2.3 Category S

6.3 Additional categories

6.3.1 Category O 6.3.2 Category MM

6.4 Three example "classic A" races

7 Footwear 8 24-hour challenges 9 See also 10 References 11 Further reading 12 External links

History[edit]

A hill-running race in Prague

The first recorded hill race took place in Scotland.[1] King Malcolm Canmore organised a race in Braemar
Braemar
in 1040 or perhaps as late as 1064, reputedly to find a swift messenger. This event appears to have been a precursor to the Braemar
Braemar
Gathering. There is no documented connection between this event and the fell races of the 19th century. From the 19th century records survive of fell races taking place as a part of community fairs and games. The sport was a simple affair and was based upon each community's values for physical ability. Fell races took place alongside other sports such as wrestling, sprint races and (especially in Scotland) heavy events such as throwing the hammer. These fairs or games events were often commercial as well as cultural, with livestock shows and sales taking place alongside music, dancing and sports. In a community of shepherds and agricultural labourers comparisons of speed and strength were interesting to spectators as a source of professional pride for competitors. The most famous of these events in England, the Grasmere
Grasmere
Sports meeting in the Lake District, with its Guide's Race, still[update] takes place every year in August. The Fell
Fell
Runners Association started in April 1970 to organise the duplication of event calendars for the amateur sport. As of 2013 it administers amateur fell running in England, in affiliation with British athletics. Separate governing bodies exist for each country of the United Kingdom and each country has its own tradition of fell running, though the sport is largely the same. The most important races of the year include the Ben Nevis Race
Ben Nevis Race
in Scotland, run regularly since 1937, and the Snowdon Race
Snowdon Race
in Wales. Overlap with other sports[edit] Fell
Fell
running is often known as hill running, particularly in Scotland.[2] It is sometimes called mountain running, as in the name of the Northern Ireland Mountain Running
Running
Association[3] although the term mountain running often has connotations of WMRA races which tend to be on smoother, drier trails and lack the route choice which may be available in fell races.[4] Modern fell running has common characteristics with cross country running. Fell
Fell
race courses are often longer, steeper and unmarked when out on the hills (with a few exceptions). Fell
Fell
running also overlaps with orienteering. Courses are again typically longer but with less emphasis on navigation. Fell
Fell
running does sometimes require navigational skills in a mountainous environment, particularly in determining and choosing between routes, and poor weather may increase the need for navigation. However, in most fell races, the route or sequence of checkpoints is published beforehand and runners may reconnoitre the course to reduce the risk of losing time working out where to run during the race.[5] Category O events and Mountain Marathons (see also below), test navigational ability, attracting both orienteers and fell runners. Other multi-terrain events, such as the Cotswold Way Relay
Cotswold Way Relay
and the Long Mynd
Long Mynd
Hike, also qualify as fell races under Fell
Fell
Runners Association rules. Some fell running could also be classed as trail running. Trail running normally takes place on good paths or tracks which are relatively easy to follow and does not necessarily involve the significant amounts of ascent that are required in fell running.[6] Rocks[edit] Fell
Fell
running does not involve rock climbing and routes are subject to change if ground nearby becomes unstable. A small number of fell runners who are also rock climbers, nevertheless do attempt records traversing ridges that allow running and involve scrambling and rock climbing – particularly where the record is 24 hours or less.[citation needed] Foremost of these in the UK is probably the traverse of the Cuillin
Cuillin
Main Ridge on Skye, and the Greater Traverse, including Blaven. Organisations[edit] The Fell
Fell
Runners Association publishes a calendar of 400 to 500 races per year. Additional races, less publicised, are organised in UK regions. The British Open Fell
Fell
Runners Association (BOFRA) publishes a smaller calendar of races – mostly derived from the professional guide races – in England and Scotland and organises a championship series. In Scotland, all known hill races (both professional and amateur) are listed in the annual calendar of Scottish Hill Runners. In Wales, the Welsh Fell
Fell
Runners Association provides a similar service. Northern Ireland events are organised by Northern Ireland Mountain Running
Running
Association. Again, races are run on the premise that a contender possesses mountain navigational skills and carries adequate survival equipment. In Ireland events are organised by the Irish Mountain Running
Running
Association. The World Mountain Running
Running
Association is the governing body for mountain running and as such is sanctioned by and affiliated to the IAAF, the International Association of Athletics Federations. It organises the World Mountain Running
Running
Championships. There are also the continental championships such as the African Mountain Running Championships and the European Mountain Running
Running
Championships, the South American Mountain Running
Running
Championships and the North American Central American and Caribbean Mountain Running
Running
Championships. Championships[edit] Main article: British Fell
Fell
Running
Running
Championships The first British Fell
Fell
Running
Running
Championships, then known as Fell Runner of the Year, were held in 1972 and the scoring was based on results in all fell races. In 1976 this was changed to the runner's best ten category A races and further changes took place to the format in later years. Starting with the 1986 season, an English Fell
Fell
Running Championships series has also taken place, based on results in various races of different lengths over the year.[7] Race categories[edit] Race records vary from a few minutes to, generally, a few hours. The longest common fell running challenges tend to be rounds to be completed within 24 hours, such as the Bob Graham Round. Some of the mountain marathons do call for pairs of runners to carry equipment and food for camping overnight. Longer possible routes do exist, such as an attempt at a continuous round of Munros. Mountaineers who traverse light and fast over high Alpine, Himalayan or through other such continental, high altitudes are considered alpine style mountaineers by fell runners. Races run under the FRA Rules For Competition of the Fell
Fell
Runners Association[8] are categorised by the amount of ascent and distance. Ascent categories[edit] Category A[edit]

Should average not less than 50 metres climb per kilometre. Should not have more than 20% of the race distance on road. Should be at least 1.5 kilometres in length.

Category B[edit]

Should average not less than 25 metres climb per kilometre. Should not have more than 30% of the race distance on road.

Category C[edit]

Should average not less than 20 metres climb per kilometre. Should not have more than 40% of the race distance on road. Should contain some genuine fell terrain.

Distance Categories[edit] Category L[edit]

A category “L” (long) race is 20 kilometres or over.

Category M[edit]

A category “M” (medium) race is over 10 kilometres but less than 20 kilometres.

Category S[edit]

A category “S” (short) race is 10 kilometres or less.

Additional categories[edit] Category O[edit]

also known as a Long O event checkpoints are revealed to each competitor when they come up to a “staggered” start entry by choosing an orienteering type class, such as a Score-O event and often as a team of two (pairs)

Category MM[edit]

events also known as mountain marathons and mountain trials similar to Category O, but multi-day events, in wild, mountainous country. Competitors must carry all the equipment and food required for the overnight camp and subsequent days. Entry is usually as a pair.

Three example "classic A" races[edit]

Wasdale Fell
Fell
Race AL 21 miles (34 km) 9,000 ft (2750 m) - male record 3:25:21 (Billy Bland, 1982), female record 4:12:17 (Janet McIver and Jackie Lee, 2008) Ben Nevis Race
Ben Nevis Race
AM 10 miles (16 km) 4,400 ft (1340 m) - male record 1:25:34 (Kenny Stuart, 1984), female record 1:43:25 (Pauline Haworth 1984) Blisco Dash AS 5 miles (8.1 km) 2,000 ft (610 m) - male record 36:01 (Jack Maitland, 1987), female record 47:25 (Louise Sharp, 2004)

Footwear[edit] Modern fell running trainers use light, non-waterproof material to eject water and dislodge peat after traversing boggy ground. While the trainer needs to be supple, to grip an uneven, slippery surface, a degree of side protection against rock and scree (loose stones) may be provided. Rubber studs have been the mode for two decades, preceded by ripple soles, spikes and the flat soled ‘pumps’ of the fifties.[citation needed] 24-hour challenges[edit] Fell
Fell
runners have set many of the peak bagging records in the UK. In 1932 the Lakeland runner Bob Graham set a record of 42 Lakeland peaks in 24 hours. His feat, now known as the Bob Graham Round, was not repeated for many years (in 1960); by 2011, however, it had become a fell-runner's test-piece, and had been repeated by more than 1,610 people. Building on the basic 'Round' later runners such as Eric Beard (56 tops in 1963) and Joss Naylor
Joss Naylor
(72 tops in 1975) have raised the 24-hour Lakeland record considerably. The present record is 77 peaks, and was set by Mark Hartell in 1997.[9] The ladies' record is 64 peaks, set in 2011 by Nicky Spinks.[10] Most fell running regions have their own challenges or "rounds":

Lake District
Lake District
– The Bob Graham Round Scotland – The Ramsay Round North Wales
Wales
– The Paddy Buckley Round South Wales
Wales
– South Wales
Wales
Traverse Ireland – The Wicklow Round

See also[edit]

Mountain running Trail running Ski mountaineering Skyrunning Ultrarunning Adventure racing Lakeland Shows Peak bagging Rogaining

References[edit]

^ Smith, Bill (1985). Stud Marks on the Summit: A History of Amateur Fell
Fell
Racing: 1861-1983. Preston: SKG Publications. Retrieved 30 October 2011.  - Total pages: 581 ^ "An introduction to hill running - runbritain". Retrieved 10 October 2016.  ^ Northern Ireland Mountain Running
Running
Association Constitution., ^ Sarah Rowell, Off-Road Running
Running
(Ramsbury, 2002), 104. ^ "How it was for me - British Fell
Fell
Running
Running
Championship 2015". Retrieved 10 October 2016.  ^ "Trail Running
Running
or Fell
Fell
Running? - Fell
Fell
Running
Running
Guide". Retrieved 10 October 2016.  ^ Steve Chilton, It's a Hill, Get Over It (Dingwall, 2013), 143-44. ^ "FRA Rules For Competition" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-01-24.  ^ Bunyan, John. "Mark Hartell's 24 Hour Lake District
Lake District
Record". Retrieved 10 October 2016.  ^ RaceKit news Archived 2012-03-22 at the Wayback Machine.; Dark Peak Fell
Fell
Runners news Archived 2014-11-29 at the Wayback Machine.

Further reading[edit]

Shevels, Keven. Introduction to Trail and Fell
Fell
Running. ISBN 978-1-905444-40-3.  Smith, Bill (1985). Stud Marks on the Summit: A History of Amateur Fell
Fell
Racing: 1861-1983. Preston: SKG Publications. Retrieved 30 October 2011.  - Total pages: 581 Chilton, Steve (2013). It's a hill, get over it: fell running's history and characters. Dingwall: Sandstone Press. ISBN 978-1-908737-57-1. 

External links[edit]

Fell
Fell
Runners Association Scottish Hill Racing British Open Fell
Fell
Runners Association World Mountain Running
Running
Association

v t e

Running

Disciplines

Sprint (up to 400 m) Middle-distance running (up to 3000 m) Long-distance running
Long-distance running
(over 5000 m up to marathon) Ultra running (over marathon) Cross country running Fell
Fell
running Trail running Mountain running Skyrunning Snowshoe running

Federations

IAAF (athletics) IAU (ultra running) ITRA (trail running) WMRA (mountain running) ISF (skyrunning) WSSF (snowshoe running)

World championships

IAAF World Championships in Athletics
IAAF World Championships in Athletics
(athletics) IAAF World Cross Country Championships
IAAF World Cross Country Championships
(cross country) IAU 100 km World Championships (ultra running) Trail World Championships (trail running) World Mountain Running
Running
Championships (mountain running) Skyrunning
Skyrunning
World Championships (skyrunning) World Snowshoe Championships (snowshoe running)

v t e

Racing

Running

Track running

Sprinting Middle-distance running Long-distance running Relay race Hurdling Steeplechase

Road running

Half marathon Marathon Ultramarathon Ekiden

Off-road running

Adventure running Cross country running Fell
Fell
running Trail running

Other

Tower running Racewalking

Orienteering

Foot orienteering Mountain bike orienteering Ski orienteering Trail orienteering Radio orienteering Canoe orienteering Rogaining Mountain marathon Car orienteering

Bicycle racing

Road bicycle racing Cyclo-cross Mountain bike racing Track cycling BMX
BMX
racing Cycle speedway Keirin

Animal racing

Camel racing Greyhound racing Horse racing Pigeon racing Sled dog racing

Swimming

Open water swimming Marathon
Marathon
swimming Paralympic swimming

Motor racing

Auto racing

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Motorcycle racing

Beach racing Motocross Rally raid Track racing

Motorboat racing

Drag boat racing Hydroplane racing Jet sprint boat racing Inshore powerboat racing Offshore powerboat racing

Other

Kart racing Radio-controlled car
Radio-controlled car
racing Slot car racing

Multi-sport racing

Adventure racing Duathlon Triathlon

List of forms of racing

v t e

Orienteering

History of orienteering List of orienteering events

Sport disciplines

IOF-governed

Foot orienteering Mountain bike orienteering Ski orienteering Trail orienteering

IARU-governed

Amateur radio direction finding

Fox Oring Radio Orienteering
Orienteering
in a Compact Area

Other sports

Canoe orienteering Car orienteering Mountain marathon Mounted orienteering Rogaining

Related

Adventure racing Alleycat race Fell
Fell
running Relay race Transmitter hunting

Equipment

Event

Control point Course Map

Personal

Compass

hand protractor thumb

Eye protectors Gaiters Headlamp

Exceptions

Backpacking GPS Whistle

Fundamentals

Map

orienteering map

Navigation

cardinal direction resection route choice wayfinding waypoint

Racing

hiking running walking skiing mountain biking

Organisations / lists

International Orienteering
Orienteering
Federation

members

List of clubs List of orienteers

by country innovators

List of events

Non-sport related

Adventure travel Bicycle touring Climbing Hiking Hunting Location-based game

geocaching poker run

Scoutcraft orienteering Backpacking

wilderness

Competitions

Foot orienteering

World Championships

Junior

World Cup World Games European Championships Open events

O-Ringen Jukola Tiomila Kainuu Orienteering
Orienteering
Week Jan Kjellström Festival

Ski orienteering

World Championships

Junior

World Cup

MTB orienteering

World Championships

Trail orienteering

World Championships

Category WikiProject

v t e

Extreme and adventure sports

Boardsports

Bellyboarding Bodyboarding Dirtsurfing Flowriding Kite landboarding Kiteboarding Longboarding Mountainboarding River surfing Riverboarding Sandboarding Skateboarding Skimboarding Skysurfing Snowboarding Snowskating Street luging Surfing Wakeboarding Windsurfing

Motorsports

Drifting Motocross Rallying Snocross Supercross

Water sports

Coasteering Freediving High diving Jet Skiing Scuba diving

Cave diving Technical diving

Snorkeling Water skiing Whitewater canoeing Whitewater kayaking Whitewater rafting

Climbing

Bouldering Canyoning Free solo climbing Ice climbing Mountaineering Rock climbing Skyrunning

Falling

BASE jumping Bungee jumping Cliff-diving Cliff jumping Parachuting
Parachuting
(skydiving)

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Air racing Gliding Hang gliding Paragliding

Powered paragliding

Parasailing Speed flying Wingsuit flying

Cycling

BMX

BMX
BMX
racing Freestyle BMX

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Freestyle scootering Inline skating

Aggressive inline skating Vert skating

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Extreme skiing Freestyle skiing Speed skiing

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Bobsleigh Extreme sledding Luge Skeleton

Food

Cheese rolling Nettle eating

Others

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Fell
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Comm

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HOME
The Info List - Fell Running


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Fell
Fell
running, sometimes known as hill running, but not to be confused with mountain running, is the sport of running and racing, off road, over upland country where the gradient climbed is a significant component of the difficulty. The name arises from the origins of the English sport on the fells of northern Britain, especially those in the Lake District. Fell
Fell
races are organised on the premise that contenders possess mountain navigation skills and carry adequate survival equipment as prescribed by the organiser.

Contents

1 History 2 Overlap with other sports 3 Rocks 4 Organisations 5 Championships 6 Race categories

6.1 Ascent categories

6.1.1 Category A 6.1.2 Category B 6.1.3 Category C

6.2 Distance Categories

6.2.1 Category L 6.2.2 Category M 6.2.3 Category S

6.3 Additional categories

6.3.1 Category O 6.3.2 Category MM

6.4 Three example "classic A" races

7 Footwear 8 24-hour challenges 9 See also 10 References 11 Further reading 12 External links

History[edit]

A hill-running race in Prague

The first recorded hill race took place in Scotland.[1] King Malcolm Canmore organised a race in Braemar
Braemar
in 1040 or perhaps as late as 1064, reputedly to find a swift messenger. This event appears to have been a precursor to the Braemar
Braemar
Gathering. There is no documented connection between this event and the fell races of the 19th century. From the 19th century records survive of fell races taking place as a part of community fairs and games. The sport was a simple affair and was based upon each community's values for physical ability. Fell races took place alongside other sports such as wrestling, sprint races and (especially in Scotland) heavy events such as throwing the hammer. These fairs or games events were often commercial as well as cultural, with livestock shows and sales taking place alongside music, dancing and sports. In a community of shepherds and agricultural labourers comparisons of speed and strength were interesting to spectators as a source of professional pride for competitors. The most famous of these events in England, the Grasmere
Grasmere
Sports meeting in the Lake District, with its Guide's Race, still[update] takes place every year in August. The Fell
Fell
Runners Association started in April 1970 to organise the duplication of event calendars for the amateur sport. As of 2013 it administers amateur fell running in England, in affiliation with British athletics. Separate governing bodies exist for each country of the United Kingdom and each country has its own tradition of fell running, though the sport is largely the same. The most important races of the year include the Ben Nevis Race
Ben Nevis Race
in Scotland, run regularly since 1937, and the Snowdon Race
Snowdon Race
in Wales. Overlap with other sports[edit] Fell
Fell
running is often known as hill running, particularly in Scotland.[2] It is sometimes called mountain running, as in the name of the Northern Ireland Mountain Running
Running
Association[3] although the term mountain running often has connotations of WMRA races which tend to be on smoother, drier trails and lack the route choice which may be available in fell races.[4] Modern fell running has common characteristics with cross country running. Fell
Fell
race courses are often longer, steeper and unmarked when out on the hills (with a few exceptions). Fell
Fell
running also overlaps with orienteering. Courses are again typically longer but with less emphasis on navigation. Fell
Fell
running does sometimes require navigational skills in a mountainous environment, particularly in determining and choosing between routes, and poor weather may increase the need for navigation. However, in most fell races, the route or sequence of checkpoints is published beforehand and runners may reconnoitre the course to reduce the risk of losing time working out where to run during the race.[5] Category O events and Mountain Marathons (see also below), test navigational ability, attracting both orienteers and fell runners. Other multi-terrain events, such as the Cotswold Way Relay
Cotswold Way Relay
and the Long Mynd
Long Mynd
Hike, also qualify as fell races under Fell
Fell
Runners Association rules. Some fell running could also be classed as trail running. Trail running normally takes place on good paths or tracks which are relatively easy to follow and does not necessarily involve the significant amounts of ascent that are required in fell running.[6] Rocks[edit] Fell
Fell
running does not involve rock climbing and routes are subject to change if ground nearby becomes unstable. A small number of fell runners who are also rock climbers, nevertheless do attempt records traversing ridges that allow running and involve scrambling and rock climbing – particularly where the record is 24 hours or less.[citation needed] Foremost of these in the UK is probably the traverse of the Cuillin
Cuillin
Main Ridge on Skye, and the Greater Traverse, including Blaven. Organisations[edit] The Fell
Fell
Runners Association publishes a calendar of 400 to 500 races per year. Additional races, less publicised, are organised in UK regions. The British Open Fell
Fell
Runners Association (BOFRA) publishes a smaller calendar of races – mostly derived from the professional guide races – in England and Scotland and organises a championship series. In Scotland, all known hill races (both professional and amateur) are listed in the annual calendar of Scottish Hill Runners. In Wales, the Welsh Fell
Fell
Runners Association provides a similar service. Northern Ireland events are organised by Northern Ireland Mountain Running
Running
Association. Again, races are run on the premise that a contender possesses mountain navigational skills and carries adequate survival equipment. In Ireland events are organised by the Irish Mountain Running
Running
Association. The World Mountain Running
Running
Association is the governing body for mountain running and as such is sanctioned by and affiliated to the IAAF, the International Association of Athletics Federations. It organises the World Mountain Running
Running
Championships. There are also the continental championships such as the African Mountain Running Championships and the European Mountain Running
Running
Championships, the South American Mountain Running
Running
Championships and the North American Central American and Caribbean Mountain Running
Running
Championships. Championships[edit] Main article: British Fell
Fell
Running
Running
Championships The first British Fell
Fell
Running
Running
Championships, then known as Fell Runner of the Year, were held in 1972 and the scoring was based on results in all fell races. In 1976 this was changed to the runner's best ten category A races and further changes took place to the format in later years. Starting with the 1986 season, an English Fell
Fell
Running Championships series has also taken place, based on results in various races of different lengths over the year.[7] Race categories[edit] Race records vary from a few minutes to, generally, a few hours. The longest common fell running challenges tend to be rounds to be completed within 24 hours, such as the Bob Graham Round. Some of the mountain marathons do call for pairs of runners to carry equipment and food for camping overnight. Longer possible routes do exist, such as an attempt at a continuous round of Munros. Mountaineers who traverse light and fast over high Alpine, Himalayan or through other such continental, high altitudes are considered alpine style mountaineers by fell runners. Races run under the FRA Rules For Competition of the Fell
Fell
Runners Association[8] are categorised by the amount of ascent and distance. Ascent categories[edit] Category A[edit]

Should average not less than 50 metres climb per kilometre. Should not have more than 20% of the race distance on road. Should be at least 1.5 kilometres in length.

Category B[edit]

Should average not less than 25 metres climb per kilometre. Should not have more than 30% of the race distance on road.

Category C[edit]

Should average not less than 20 metres climb per kilometre. Should not have more than 40% of the race distance on road. Should contain some genuine fell terrain.

Distance Categories[edit] Category L[edit]

A category “L” (long) race is 20 kilometres or over.

Category M[edit]

A category “M” (medium) race is over 10 kilometres but less than 20 kilometres.

Category S[edit]

A category “S” (short) race is 10 kilometres or less.

Additional categories[edit] Category O[edit]

also known as a Long O event checkpoints are revealed to each competitor when they come up to a “staggered” start entry by choosing an orienteering type class, such as a Score-O event and often as a team of two (pairs)

Category MM[edit]

events also known as mountain marathons and mountain trials similar to Category O, but multi-day events, in wild, mountainous country. Competitors must carry all the equipment and food required for the overnight camp and subsequent days. Entry is usually as a pair.

Three example "classic A" races[edit]

Wasdale Fell
Fell
Race AL 21 miles (34 km) 9,000 ft (2750 m) - male record 3:25:21 (Billy Bland, 1982), female record 4:12:17 (Janet McIver and Jackie Lee, 2008) Ben Nevis Race
Ben Nevis Race
AM 10 miles (16 km) 4,400 ft (1340 m) - male record 1:25:34 (Kenny Stuart, 1984), female record 1:43:25 (Pauline Haworth 1984) Blisco Dash AS 5 miles (8.1 km) 2,000 ft (610 m) - male record 36:01 (Jack Maitland, 1987), female record 47:25 (Louise Sharp, 2004)

Footwear[edit] Modern fell running trainers use light, non-waterproof material to eject water and dislodge peat after traversing boggy ground. While the trainer needs to be supple, to grip an uneven, slippery surface, a degree of side protection against rock and scree (loose stones) may be provided. Rubber studs have been the mode for two decades, preceded by ripple soles, spikes and the flat soled ‘pumps’ of the fifties.[citation needed] 24-hour challenges[edit] Fell
Fell
runners have set many of the peak bagging records in the UK. In 1932 the Lakeland runner Bob Graham set a record of 42 Lakeland peaks in 24 hours. His feat, now known as the Bob Graham Round, was not repeated for many years (in 1960); by 2011, however, it had become a fell-runner's test-piece, and had been repeated by more than 1,610 people. Building on the basic 'Round' later runners such as Eric Beard (56 tops in 1963) and Joss Naylor
Joss Naylor
(72 tops in 1975) have raised the 24-hour Lakeland record considerably. The present record is 77 peaks, and was set by Mark Hartell in 1997.[9] The ladies' record is 64 peaks, set in 2011 by Nicky Spinks.[10] Most fell running regions have their own challenges or "rounds":

Lake District
Lake District
– The Bob Graham Round Scotland – The Ramsay Round North Wales
Wales
– The Paddy Buckley Round South Wales
Wales
– South Wales
Wales
Traverse Ireland – The Wicklow Round

See also[edit]

Mountain running Trail running Ski mountaineering Skyrunning Ultrarunning Adventure racing Lakeland Shows Peak bagging Rogaining

References[edit]

^ Smith, Bill (1985). Stud Marks on the Summit: A History of Amateur Fell
Fell
Racing: 1861-1983. Preston: SKG Publications. Retrieved 30 October 2011.  - Total pages: 581 ^ "An introduction to hill running - runbritain". Retrieved 10 October 2016.  ^ Northern Ireland Mountain Running
Running
Association Constitution., ^ Sarah Rowell, Off-Road Running
Running
(Ramsbury, 2002), 104. ^ "How it was for me - British Fell
Fell
Running
Running
Championship 2015". Retrieved 10 October 2016.  ^ "Trail Running
Running
or Fell
Fell
Running? - Fell
Fell
Running
Running
Guide". Retrieved 10 October 2016.  ^ Steve Chilton, It's a Hill, Get Over It (Dingwall, 2013), 143-44. ^ "FRA Rules For Competition" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-01-24.  ^ Bunyan, John. "Mark Hartell's 24 Hour Lake District
Lake District
Record". Retrieved 10 October 2016.  ^ RaceKit news Archived 2012-03-22 at the Wayback Machine.; Dark Peak Fell
Fell
Runners news Archived 2014-11-29 at the Wayback Machine.

Further reading[edit]

Shevels, Keven. Introduction to Trail and Fell
Fell
Running. ISBN 978-1-905444-40-3.  Smith, Bill (1985). Stud Marks on the Summit: A History of Amateur Fell
Fell
Racing: 1861-1983. Preston: SKG Publications. Retrieved 30 October 2011.  - Total pages: 581 Chilton, Steve (2013). It's a hill, get over it: fell running's history and characters. Dingwall: Sandstone Press. ISBN 978-1-908737-57-1. 

External links[edit]

Fell
Fell
Runners Association Scottish Hill Racing British Open Fell
Fell
Runners Association World Mountain Running
Running
Association

v t e

Running

Disciplines

Sprint (up to 400 m) Middle-distance running (up to 3000 m) Long-distance running
Long-distance running
(over 5000 m up to marathon) Ultra running (over marathon) Cross country running Fell
Fell
running Trail running Mountain running Skyrunning Snowshoe running

Federations

IAAF (athletics) IAU (ultra running) ITRA (trail running) WMRA (mountain running) ISF (skyrunning) WSSF (snowshoe running)

World championships

IAAF World Championships in Athletics
IAAF World Championships in Athletics
(athletics) IAAF World Cross Country Championships
IAAF World Cross Country Championships
(cross country) IAU 100 km World Championships (ultra running) Trail World Championships (trail running) World Mountain Running
Running
Championships (mountain running) Skyrunning
Skyrunning
World Championships (skyrunning) World Snowshoe Championships (snowshoe running)

v t e

Racing

Running

Track running

Sprinting Middle-distance running Long-distance running Relay race Hurdling Steeplechase

Road running

Half marathon Marathon Ultramarathon Ekiden

Off-road running

Adventure running Cross country running Fell
Fell
running Trail running

Other

Tower running Racewalking

Orienteering

Foot orienteering Mountain bike orienteering Ski orienteering Trail orienteering Radio orienteering Canoe orienteering Rogaining Mountain marathon Car orienteering

Bicycle racing

Road bicycle racing Cyclo-cross Mountain bike racing Track cycling BMX
BMX
racing Cycle speedway Keirin

Animal racing

Camel racing Greyhound racing Horse racing Pigeon racing Sled dog racing

Swimming

Open water swimming Marathon
Marathon
swimming Paralympic swimming

Motor racing

Auto racing

Formula racing Sports car racing Touring car racing Stock car racing Rallying Drag racing Off-road racing

Motorcycle racing

Beach racing Motocross Rally raid Track racing

Motorboat racing

Drag boat racing Hydroplane racing Jet sprint boat racing Inshore powerboat racing Offshore powerboat racing

Other

Kart racing Radio-controlled car
Radio-controlled car
racing Slot car racing

Multi-sport racing

Adventure racing Duathlon Triathlon

List of forms of racing

v t e

Orienteering

History of orienteering List of orienteering events

Sport disciplines

IOF-governed

Foot orienteering Mountain bike orienteering Ski orienteering Trail orienteering

IARU-governed

Amateur radio direction finding

Fox Oring Radio Orienteering
Orienteering
in a Compact Area

Other sports

Canoe orienteering Car orienteering Mountain marathon Mounted orienteering Rogaining

Related

Adventure racing Alleycat race Fell
Fell
running Relay race Transmitter hunting

Equipment

Event

Control point Course Map

Personal

Compass

hand protractor thumb

Eye protectors Gaiters Headlamp

Exceptions

Backpacking GPS Whistle

Fundamentals

Map

orienteering map

Navigation

cardinal direction resection route choice wayfinding waypoint

Racing

hiking running walking skiing mountain biking

Organisations / lists

International Orienteering
Orienteering
Federation

members

List of clubs List of orienteers

by country innovators

List of events

Non-sport related

Adventure travel Bicycle touring Climbing Hiking Hunting Location-based game

geocaching poker run

Scoutcraft orienteering Backpacking

wilderness

Competitions

Foot orienteering

World Championships

Junior

World Cup World Games European Championships Open events

O-Ringen Jukola Tiomila Kainuu Orienteering
Orienteering
Week Jan Kjellström Festival

Ski orienteering

World Championships

Junior

World Cup

MTB orienteering

World Championships

Trail orienteering

World Championships

Category WikiProject

v t e

Extreme and adventure sports

Boardsports

Bellyboarding Bodyboarding Dirtsurfing Flowriding Kite landboarding Kiteboarding Longboarding Mountainboarding River surfing Riverboarding Sandboarding Skateboarding Skimboarding Skysurfing Snowboarding Snowskating Street luging Surfing Wakeboarding Windsurfing

Motorsports

Drifting Motocross Rallying Snocross Supercross

Water sports

Coasteering Freediving High diving Jet Skiing Scuba diving

Cave diving Technical diving

Snorkeling Water skiing Whitewater canoeing Whitewater kayaking Whitewater rafting

Climbing

Bouldering Canyoning Free solo climbing Ice climbing Mountaineering Rock climbing Skyrunning

Falling

BASE jumping Bungee jumping Cliff-diving Cliff jumping Parachuting
Parachuting
(skydiving)

Flying

Air racing Gliding Hang gliding Paragliding

Powered paragliding

Parasailing Speed flying Wingsuit flying

Cycling

BMX

BMX
BMX
racing Freestyle BMX

Mountain biking Downhill mountain biking

Rolling

Freestyle scootering Inline skating

Aggressive inline skating Vert skating

Roller skating

Skiing

Extreme skiing Freestyle skiing Speed skiing

Sliding

Bobsleigh Extreme sledding Luge Skeleton

Food

Cheese rolling Nettle eating

Others

Adventure racing Caving Crane climbing Extreme ironing Extreme Pogo Fell
Fell
running Obstacle racing Orienteering Paintball Powerbocking Slacklining Ultramarathon Zip-lining

Comm

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