HOME
The Info List - Fell Running


--- Advertisement ---



(i) (i) (i)

FELL RUNNING, sometimes known as HILL RUNNING or MOUNTAIN RUNNING, is the sport of running and racing, off road, over upland country where the gradient climbed is a significant component of the difficulty. The name arises from the origins of the English sport on the fells of northern Britain, especially those in the Lake District
Lake District
.

Fell
Fell
races are organised on the premise that contenders possess mountain navigation skills and carry adequate survival equipment as prescribed by the organiser.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Overlap with other sports * 3 Rocks * 4 Organisations * 5 Championships

* 6 Race categories

* 6.1 Ascent categories

* 6.1.1 Category
Category
A * 6.1.2 Category
Category
B * 6.1.3 Category
Category
C

* 6.2 Distance Categories

* 6.2.1 Category
Category
L * 6.2.2 Category
Category
M * 6.2.3 Category
Category
S

* 6.3 Additional categories

* 6.3.1 Category
Category
O * 6.3.2 Category
Category
MM

* 6.4 Three example "classic A" races

* 7 Footwear * 8 24-hour challenges * 9 See also * 10 References * 11 Further reading * 12 External links

HISTORY

A hill-running race in Prague

The first recorded hill race took place in Scotland. King Malcolm Canmore organised a race in Braemar in 1040 or perhaps as late as 1064, reputedly to find a swift messenger. This event appears to have been a precursor to the Braemar Gathering . There is no documented connection between this event and the fell races of the 19th century.

From the 19th century records survive of fell races taking place as a part of community fairs and games. The sport was a simple affair and was based upon each community's values for physical ability. Fell races took place alongside other sports such as wrestling, sprint races and (especially in Scotland) heavy events such as throwing the hammer . These fairs or games events were often commercial as well as cultural, with livestock shows and sales taking place alongside music, dancing and sports. In a community of shepherds and agricultural labourers comparisons of speed and strength were interesting to spectators as a source of professional pride for competitors. A fast shepherd or a strong labourer were as respected, one imagines, as any top-ranking colleague in a more "modern" employment. The most famous of these events in England, the Grasmere Sports meeting in the Lake District , with its Guide's Race, still takes place every year in August.

The Fell
Fell
Runners Association started in April 1970 to organise the duplication of event calendars for the amateur sport. As of 2013 it administers amateur fell running in England, in affiliation with British athletics. Separate governing bodies exist for each country of the United Kingdom and each country has its own tradition of fell running, though the sport is largely the same. The most important races of the year include the Ben Nevis Race
Ben Nevis Race
in Scotland, run regularly since 1937, and the Snowdon Race in Wales
Wales
.

OVERLAP WITH OTHER SPORTS

Fell
Fell
running is often known as hill running, particularly in Scotland. It is sometimes called mountain running, as in the name of the Northern Ireland Mountain Running
Running
Association although the term mountain running often has connotations of WMRA races which tend to be on smoother, drier trails and lack the route choice which may be available in fell races.

Modern fell running has common characteristics with cross country running . Fell
Fell
race courses are often longer, steeper and unmarked when out on the hills (with a few exceptions). Fell
Fell
running also overlaps with orienteering . Courses are again typically longer but with less emphasis on navigation. Fell
Fell
running does sometimes require navigational skills in a mountainous environment, particularly in determining and choosing between routes, and poor weather may increase the need for navigation. However, in most fell races, the route or sequence of checkpoints is published beforehand and runners may reconnoitre the course to reduce the risk of losing time working out where to run during the race. Category
Category
O events and Mountain Marathons (see also below ), test navigational ability, attracting both orienteers and fell runners. Other multi-terrain events, such as the Cotswold Way Relay and the Long Mynd Hike , also qualify as fell races under Fell
Fell
Runners Association rules.

Some fell running could also be classed as trail running . Trail running normally takes place on good paths or tracks which are relatively easy to follow and does not necessarily involve the significant amounts of ascent that are required in fell running.

ROCKS

Fell
Fell
running does not involve rock climbing and routes are subject to change if ground nearby becomes unstable. A small number of fell runners who are also rock climbers, nevertheless do attempt records traversing ridges that allow running and involve scrambling and rock climbing – particularly where the record is 24 hours or less. Foremost of these in the UK is probably the traverse of the Cuillin Main Ridge on Skye , and the Greater Traverse, including Blaven
Blaven
.

ORGANISATIONS

The Fell
Fell
Runners Association publishes a calendar of 400 to 500 races per year. Additional races, less publicised, are organised in UK regions. The British Open Fell
Fell
Runners Association (BOFRA) publishes a smaller calendar of races – mostly derived from the professional guide races – in England and Scotland and organises a championship series. In Scotland, all known hill races (both professional and amateur) are listed in the annual calendar of Scottish Hill Runners . In Wales, the Welsh Fell
Fell
Runners Association provides a similar service. Northern Ireland events are organised by Northern Ireland Mountain Running
Running
Association . Again, races are run on the premise that a contender possesses mountain navigational skills and carries adequate survival equipment. In Ireland events are organised by the Irish Mountain Running
Running
Association.

The World Mountain Running
Running
Association is the governing body for mountain running and as such is sanctioned by and affiliated to the IAAF, the International Association of Athletics Federations. It organises the World Mountain Running
Running
Championships . There are also the continental championships such as the African Mountain Running Championships and the European Mountain Running
Running
Championships , the South American Mountain Running
Running
Championships and the North American Central American and Caribbean Mountain Running
Running
Championships .

CHAMPIONSHIPS

The first British Fell
Fell
Running
Running
Championships, then known as Fell Runner of the Year, were held in 1972 and the scoring was based on results in all fell races. In 1976 this was changed to the runner's best ten category A races and further changes took place to the format in later years. Starting with the 1986 season, an English Fell
Fell
Running Championships series has also taken place, based on results in various races of different lengths over the year.

The winners of the British Championships have been as follows.

YEAR MEN WOMEN

1972 Dave Cannon

1973 Harry Walker

1974 Jeff Norman

1975 Mike Short

1976 Martin Weeks

1977 Alan McGee

1978 Mike Short

1979 Andy Styan Ros Coats

1980 Billy Bland Pauline Haworth

1981 John Wild Ros Coats

1982 John Wild Sue Parkin

1983 Kenny Stuart Angela Carson

1984 Kenny Stuart Pauline Haworth

1985 Kenny Stuart Pauline Haworth

1986 Jack Maitland Angela Carson

1987 Colin Donnelly Jacky Smith

1988 Colin Donnelly Clare Crofts

1989 Colin Donnelly Ruth Pickvance

1990 Gary Devine Trish Calder

1991 Keith Anderson Trish Calder

1992 Steve Hawkins Clare Crofts

1993 Mark Croasdale Angela Brand-Barker

1994 Mark Kinch Angela Brand-Barker

1995 Mark Kinch Sarah Rowell

1996 Ian Holmes Sarah Rowell

1997 Ian Holmes and Mark Roberts Angela Mudge

1998 Ian Holmes Angela Mudge

1999 Gavin Bland Angela Mudge

2000 Ian Holmes Angela Mudge

2001 Cancelled due to foot-and-mouth outbreak

2002 Simon Booth Andrea Priestley and Louise Sharp

2003 Rob Jebb Louise Sharp

2004 Simon Bailey Tracey Brindley

2005 Simon Booth Jill Mykura

2006 Rob Jebb Natalie White

2007 Rob Hope Janet McIver

2008 Rob Hope Angela Mudge

2009 Rob Hope Philippa Jackson

2010 Tim Davies Philippa Maddams

2011 Morgan Donnelly Philippa Maddams

2012 Joe Symonds Lauren Jeska

2013 Rob Jebb Victoria Wilkinson and Helen Fines

2014 Rob Hope Victoria Wilkinson and Jacqueline Lee

2015 Finlay Wild Jasmin Paris

2016 Rhys Findlay-Robinson Lou Roberts

The winners of the English Championships have been as follows.

YEAR MEN WOMEN

1986 Dave Cartridge Carol Haigh

1987 Bob Whitfield Vanessa Brindle

1988 Shaun Livesey Clare Crofts

1989 Gary Devine Clare Crofts

1990 Shaun Livesey Cheryl Cook

1991 Gavin Bland Cheryl Cook

1992 Brian Thompson Jacky Smith

1993 Mark Croasdale Carol Greenwood

1994 Mark Kinch Andrea Priestley

1995 Mark Kinch Sarah Rowell

1996 Ian Holmes Sarah Rowell

1997 Mark Roberts Mari Todd

1998 Ian Holmes Angela Brand-Barker

1999 Gavin Bland Janet King

2000 Ian Holmes Sally Newman

2001 Cancelled due to foot-and-mouth outbreak

2002 Ian Holmes Andrea Priestley

2003 Ian Holmes Louise Sharp

2004 Simon Bailey Louise Sharp

2005 Simon Bailey and Rob Hope Sally Newman

2006 Rob Jebb Natalie White

2007 Simon Bailey Janet McIver

2008 Rob Jebb Natalie White

2009 Simon Bailey Philippa Jackson

2010 Rob Hope Lauren Jeska

2011 Lloyd Taggart Lauren Jeska

2012 Simon Bailey Lauren Jeska

2013 Simon Bailey Victoria Wilkinson and Helen Fines

2014 Tom Addison Victoria Wilkinson

2015 Simon Bailey Victoria Wilkinson

2016 Simon Bailey Victoria Wilkinson

RACE CATEGORIES

Race records vary from a few minutes to, generally, a few hours. The longest common fell running challenges tend to be rounds to be completed within 24 hours, such as the Bob Graham Round . Some of the MOUNTAIN MARATHONS do call for pairs of runners to carry equipment and food for camping overnight. Longer possible routes do exist, such as an attempt at a continuous round of Munros . Mountaineers who traverse light and fast over high Alpine, Himalayan or through other such continental, high altitudes are considered alpine style mountaineers by fell runners.

Races run under the FRA Rules For Competition of the Fell
Fell
Runners Association are categorised by the amount of ascent and distance.

ASCENT CATEGORIES

Category
Category
A

* Should average not less than 50 metres climb per kilometre. * Should not have more than 20% of the race distance on road. * Should be at least 1.5 kilometres in length.

Category
Category
B

* Should average not less than 25 metres climb per kilometre. * Should not have more than 30% of the race distance on road.

Category
Category
C

* Should average not less than 20 metres climb per kilometre. * Should not have more than 40% of the race distance on road. * Should contain some genuine fell terrain.

DISTANCE CATEGORIES

Category
Category
L

* A category “L” (long) race is 20 kilometres or over.

Category
Category
M

* A category “M” (medium) race is over 10 kilometres but less than 20 kilometres.

Category
Category
S

* A category “S” (short) race is 10 kilometres or less.

ADDITIONAL CATEGORIES

Category
Category
O

* also known as a LONG O event * checkpoints are revealed to each competitor when they come up to a “staggered” start * entry by choosing an ORIENTEERING type class, such as a Score-O event and often as a team of two (PAIRS)

Category
Category
MM

* events also known as mountain marathons and mountain trials * similar to CATEGORY O, but multi-day events, in wild, mountainous country. Competitors must carry all the equipment and food required for the overnight camp and subsequent days. Entry is usually as a pair.

THREE EXAMPLE "CLASSIC A" RACES

* Wasdale Fell
Fell
Race AL 21 miles (34 km) 9,000 ft (2750 m) - male record 3:25:21 (Billy Bland , 1982), female record 4:12:17 (Janet McIver and Jackie Lee, 2008) * Ben Nevis Race
Ben Nevis Race
AM 10 miles (16 km) 4,400 ft (1340 m) - male record 1:25:34 ( Kenny Stuart , 1984), female record 1:43:25 (Pauline Haworth 1984) * Blisco Dash AS 5 miles (8.1 km) 2,000 ft (610 m) - male record 36:01 (Jack Maitland, 1987), female record 47:25 (Louise Sharp, 2004)

FOOTWEAR

Modern fell running trainers use light, non-waterproof material to eject water and dislodge peat after traversing boggy ground. While the trainer needs to be supple, to grip an uneven, slippery surface, a degree of side protection against rock and scree (loose stones) may be provided. Rubber studs have been the mode for two decades, preceded by ripple soles, spikes and the flat soled ‘pumps’ of the fifties.

24-HOUR CHALLENGES

Fell
Fell
runners have set many of the peak bagging records in the UK. In 1932 the Lakeland runner Bob Graham set a record of 42 Lakeland peaks in 24 hours. His feat, now known as the Bob Graham Round , was not repeated for many years (in 1960); by 2011, however, it had become a fell-runner's test-piece, and had been repeated by more than 1,610 people. Building on the basic 'Round' later runners such as Eric Beard (56 tops in 1963) and Joss Naylor (72 tops in 1975) have raised the 24-hour Lakeland record considerably. The present record is 77 peaks, and was set by Mark Hartell in 1997. The ladies' record is 64 peaks, set in 2011 by Nicky Spinks .

Most fell running regions have their own challenges or "rounds":

* Lake District
Lake District
– The Bob Graham Round * Scotland – The Ramsay Round * North Wales
Wales
– The Paddy Buckley Round * South Wales
Wales
– South Wales
Wales
Traverse * Ireland – The Wicklow Round
Wicklow Round

SEE ALSO

* Adventure racing * Lakeland Shows * Peak bagging * Rogaining * Trail running
Trail running
* Ski mountaineering
Ski mountaineering
* Skyrunning * Ultrarunning
Ultrarunning

REFERENCES

* ^ Smith, Bill (1985). Stud Marks on the Summit: A History of Amateur Fell
Fell
Racing: 1861-1983. Preston: SKG Publications. Retrieved 30 October 2011. - Total pages: 581 * ^ "An introduction to hill running - runbritain". Retrieved 10 October 2016. * ^ Northern Ireland Mountain Running
Running
Association Constitution., * ^ Sarah Rowell, Off-Road Running
Running
(Ramsbury, 2002), 104. * ^ "How it was for me - British Fell
Fell
Running
Running
Championship 2015". Retrieved 10 October 2016. * ^ "Trail Running
Running
or Fell
Fell
Running? - Fell
Fell
Running
Running
Guide". Retrieved 10 October 2016. * ^ Steve Chilton, It's a Hill, Get Over It (Dingwall, 2013), 143-44. * ^ British Champions. * ^ English Champions. * ^ "FRA Rules For Competition" (PDF). * ^ Bunyan, John. "Mark Hartell\'s 24 Hour Lake District
Lake District
Record". Retrieved 10 October 2016. * ^ RaceKit news; Dark Peak Fell
Fell
Runners news

FURTHER READING

* Shevels, Keven. Introduction to Trail and Fell
Fell
Running. ISBN 978-1-905444-40-3 . * Smith, Bill (1985). Stud Marks on the Summit: A History of Amateur Fell
Fell
Racing: 1861-1983. Preston: SKG Publications. Retrieved 30 October 2011. - Total pages: 581 * Chilton, Steve (2013). It\'s a hill, get over it: fell running\'s history and characters. Dingwall: Sandstone Press. ISBN 978-1-908737-57-1 .

EXTERNAL LINKS

* Fell
Fell
Runners

.