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FELIXSTOWE (/ˈfiːlᵻkstoʊ/ ) is an Edwardian seaside town and civil parish between the River Orwell and River Deben on the North Sea coast of Suffolk
Suffolk
, England. The 2011 Census recorded the parish population as 23,689. It includes the Port of Felixstowe , which is the largest container port in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
.

The nearby small town of Walton is often viewed as an extension of Felixstowe
Felixstowe
as the two towns are virtually side by side, though Walton was the original village. The quieter area nearer to the Deben River is often referred to as Old Felixstowe, although there is no formal classification of Old Felixstowe.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Landguard Fort
Landguard Fort
* 1.2 Felixstowe
Felixstowe
Museum * 1.3 Pier
Pier
* 1.4 Railway stations

* 2 Transport

* 2.1 Bus * 2.2 Train * 2.3 Ferries * 2.4 Coach

* 3 Politics * 4 Landmarks * 5 Sport * 6 Tourism

* 7 Leisure facilities

* 7.1 Parks

* 7.1.1 Langer Park * 7.1.2 The Coronation Recreation (Sports) Ground * 7.1.3 The Grove and Eastward Ho * 7.1.4 Felixstowe
Felixstowe
Skatepark * 7.1.5 Allenby Park * 7.1.6 Seaton Park * 7.1.7 Clifftops * 7.1.8 Others

* 8 Port of Felixstowe * 9 Churches * 10 Notable residents * 11 Offshore radio * 12 Literature * 13 References * 14 External links

HISTORY

The 'old' Felixstowe
Felixstowe
hamlet was centred on a pub and church, having stood on the site since long before the Norman conquest of England
England
. The early history of Felixstowe, including its Roman , Anglo-Saxon , Norman and medieval defences, is told under the name of Walton , because the name Felixstowe
Felixstowe
was given retrospectively, during the 13th century, to a place which had expanded to a form beyond the boundaries of Walton alone. In the Doomsday book , for instance, only Walton is shown, and not Felixstowe, which at the time held little more than a few houses scattered over the cliff tops. Walton was a settlement on the River Orwell and in 1844 had a population of 907 compared to the relatively small Felixstowe
Felixstowe
Parish holding only 502 people. Walton had always preceded Felixstowe
Felixstowe
as a settlement as seen by the presence of Walton Castle , built by the Romans in the 3rd century, but today Walton is generally considered part of Felixstowe
Felixstowe
due to modern expansion.

The Felixstowe
Felixstowe
area as a whole provided a linchpin in England's defence, as proved in 1667 when Dutch soldiers landed near the Fludyers area and tried (unsuccessfully) to capture Landguard Fort
Landguard Fort
due to strategic location. The town only became related to a major port in 1886 when the port opened to trade, following the initial construction of the dock basin in 1882.

On 11 August 1919, the Felixstowe Fury sideslipped and crashed into the sea 500 yards offshore soon after takeoff while on a test flight. It was preparing for an 8,000-mile flight to Cape Town, South Africa. The wireless operator, Lt. MacLeod, was killed, and the 6 passengers were rescued. The wreckage was towed ashore.

At the turn of the century, tourism increased, and a pier was constructed in 1905 of which is partially functional to this day as an amusement arcade . Indeed, during the late Victorian period (after circa 1880) it became a fashionable resort, a trend initiated by the opening of Felixstowe railway station , the pier, (see above) and a visit by the German imperial family. It remained so until the late 1930s.

In 1953, at least 48 people died in the town in the North Sea
North Sea
flood .

LANDGUARD FORT

Main article: Landguard Fort
Landguard Fort

Landguard Fort, originally known as Langer Fort, is on the site of the last opposed invasion of England
England
in 1667, and the first land battle of the Duke of York and of Albany 's (later James II "> The old railway station

During the Second World War the majority of the pier, at the time one of the longest in the country and complete with its own train, was purposely demolished by the Royal Engineers to prevent it being used as an easy landing point for enemy troops. Unfortunately, after the war the damage was never repaired and the pier never regained its original length. Felixstowe
Felixstowe
was also one of the few places bombed by the Italians during the Blitz . Benito Mussolini 's airforce proved to be no match for the Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
, who shot down a fair number of Italian biplanes over the English Channel
English Channel
and around Felixstowe itself. Felixstowe
Felixstowe
was bombed by a Zeppelin
Zeppelin
during the First World War . The pier was opened in 1906, and was then rebuilt later on.

RAILWAY STATIONS

The sole remaining railway station, called Felixstowe
Felixstowe
Town , was opened in 1898. in the well-preserved building which now houses a supermarket and shops. Felixstowe
Felixstowe
Radio, the local community radio station that was formerly based in the building, has now moved to the old Coes building at the top of Bent Hill.

In its prime the railway station saw more than 20 services a day, and is now served by an hourly service to Ipswich
Ipswich
. The station now has only one platform, which has been created from the far end of one of the original platforms. Felixstowe Beach railway station was demolished in 2004, despite a storm of protest from many local people keen on saving the historic building which the council had branded as "unsafe". The station was originally opened in 1877 and was used continuously until 1959, after which it was the site of a small printers for many years until its demolition.

From 1877 until 1951 there was also Felixstowe
Felixstowe
Pier
Pier
railway station , sited inside the area of the modern day docks at a small pier popular with pleasure boats, and with a paddle steamer link to London. A dock next to the pier was approved in 1879.

TRANSPORT

Micklegate Road

BUS

The main bus operators are Ipswich Buses and First Norfolk the line itself branches before the station, the other branch going on to the Port of Felixstowe .

FERRIES

The Harwich Harbour Ferry operates between the View Point (near Landguard Fort) in Felixstowe
Felixstowe
and Ha'penny Pier, Harwich throughout the summer. The Bawdsey Ferry crosses the River Deben from Felixstowe Ferry .

COACH

The National Express coach service 481 provides a connection to London
London
with intermediate stops at other major towns such as Ipswich, Colchester, Witham, Chelmsford and Brentwood. A weekday service departs daily at 07:20 and returns at 18:00, while the weekend service departs at 07:55 and returns at 18:00.

POLITICS

Town hall and tourist information

Felixstowe
Felixstowe
is administered by Suffolk
Suffolk
County Council , Suffolk Coastal District Council, and Felixstowe
Felixstowe
Town Council. Suffolk
Suffolk
Coastal District Council, the local authority, is based in Woodbridge , although it has a part-time office in Felixstowe, which is open Mondays and Wednesdays. The local parish council, Felixstowe
Felixstowe
Town Council, is based in the town hall, on the seafront at Undercliff Road West.

Felixstowe
Felixstowe
is twinned with the German towns Wesel and Salzwedel .

Felixstowe
Felixstowe
lies within the Suffolk
Suffolk
Coastal parliamentary constituency. The Member of Parliament for Suffolk
Suffolk
Coastal since the General Election on 6 May 2010 has been the Conservative Dr Therese Coffey .

LANDMARKS

A view of Landguard Fort
Landguard Fort

Landguard Fort
Landguard Fort
is a scheduled ancient monument and visitor attraction with a nearby nature reserve . At the opposite end of the town is Felixstowe Ferry Golf Club , which is amongst the oldest in the UK, having been established in 1881. The Rt. Hon. Arthur Balfour
Arthur Balfour
, Captain of the Golf Club in 1889, became Captain of the R">

Felixstowe
Felixstowe
has a recently refurbished sandy beach south from the pier, and a stoney beach north of the pier. A Victorian promenade runs along part of the beach, from the nature reserve in the southwest to Cobbolds Point (Maybush Lane in east), with traditional beach huts along most of that length. An amusement arcade with snooker halls and food outlets occupies the southern end. The pier, incorporating a cafe and amusement arcade, stands before a leisure centre, with swimming pool, owned by the local council, now managed by a contractor.

Cobbolds Point takes its name from the Cobbold brewery family who built Cranmer House on Maybush Lane in 1885. It is a Grade II-listed mock Elizabethan mansion by Thomas Cotman . Its listing describes it as "a fine house of the period reflecting the wealth of this important Suffolk
Suffolk
family of brewers". Art Deco
Art Deco
building in Undercliff Road West

The architect Thomas W Cotman (1847-1925) designed many of the most famous buildings in Felixstowe
Felixstowe
including the Railway Station, Harvest House (Felix Hotel), the Orwell and Bath Hotels, Barclays and Lloyds Banks plus many others. He also designed and lived in the original bungalow that forms the lower two floors of Cotman Lodge care home. He was the nephew of John Sell Cotman
John Sell Cotman
, the famous Norwich water-colour artist.

The Art Deco
Art Deco
style of architecture has been used for some buildings. The Cavendish Hotel in Sea Road, demolished in 1988, was in this style. There is another example in Undercliff Road West, which has been home to the Felixstowe
Felixstowe
Tourist Information Centre. This building was put up for sale in mid-2014, causing concern for its future.

From Brackenberry Fort to Felixstowe Ferry there is a walkway and is the start of the 50-mile Suffolk
Suffolk
Coast Path . At low tide from Jacob's Ladder, it is possible to glimpse the seaweed-covered remains of a Roman fort
Roman fort
, which could possibly be the place of Dommoc , in the water about 50 yards from the coast.

Perhaps the most striking building on the front is Harvest House. Originally built as the Felix Hotel, it then became Fisons ' headquarters. It has now been converted to apartments for residents of retirement age, many with fabulous views over Felixstowe.

SPORT

Felixstowe
Felixstowe
Rugby Union Football Club was founded in 1930 and plays in the Eastern Counties Leagues.

Felixstowe
Felixstowe
Hockey Club has four men's teams and three ladies' team. The men's 1st team play in Eastern Premier League. The club was voted England
England
Hockey's 'club of the season' in 2014

The town's only senior football team, Felixstowe
Felixstowe
"> Enclosed children's play area at Eastward Ho!, Felixstowe. Location is featured in Ed Sheeran's music video for the single Castle on the Hill.

The largest and most northern of the Felixstowe
Felixstowe
parks consists of a woodland named The Grove adjacent to Eastward Ho playing fields. The Grove woodland is formed mainly of ash, oak and sycamore trees whilst allium ursinum or wild garlic grows here during the spring. Eastward Ho was originally a golf course but nowadays is a public recreational space featuring a number of football pitches, changing facilities and an enclosed children's play area. This play area features in the music video for Ed Sheeran 's single Castle on the Hill .

On the western side of The Grove is another woodland named Abbey Grove planted in 1998 and maintained by The Woodland Trust with permitted access to the public.

The area, though not the park itself, was suggested in November 2014 to be part of the construction site for 570 new homes as set out by the District Council's Strategic Housing Land Availability Assessment. This proposal was formed due to the lack of available housing in Felixstowe, though Suffolk
Suffolk
Coastal conclusively identified the land as not suitable and claimed in 2015 that there were already enough alternative sites within the town for residential expansion.

Felixstowe
Felixstowe
Skatepark

Original ideas for a Skate Park were clearly addressed in 2004 by the Felixstowe
Felixstowe
Skate Association, who organized a number of meetings and poster campaigns to start the initial project. They also brought out newsletters to help build public opinion of the idea, which attracted attention from other groups. Level Two (a local youth organization) eventually took up management of the fundraising process and in 2007 managed to secure a grant of £25,000 from the government's youth opportunity fund. Additionally by this date, the Felixstowe
Felixstowe
Town Council had already set aside £30,000 for the project, as well as £15,000 agreed upon by the Suffolk
Suffolk
Coastal cabinet and £40,000 from the playspace fund. When completed the project took a total of £180,000, and was opened at a community event on 1 September 2009.

The original designs by the FSA included provisions for CCTV
CCTV
and Floodlights to ensure youth safety, and further into the design process some metal wire cages of rocks added to help soundproof the area. These safety precautions were expanded upon in 2011 to include a nightly visit from police after there were accounts of vandalism to the facilities, including the ripping out of a CCTV
CCTV
camera and a smashed floodlight.

Allenby Park

Named after the late Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby (see notable persons section), the park was formed in 1923 when the Allenby owned Felixstowe
Felixstowe
House was demolished at the passing of Catherine Allenby. It also used to be the site of the Eastern Counties Bible Convention from 1920-1939 until it was held inside churches. It consists of a small all-weather football playing field, a sectioned off children's play area, and winded path around the layout of the park. Park access can be gained from St Andrews Road.

Seaton Park

Enclosed between Cornwall Road, Margaret Street and Seaton Road is Seaton Park. The park is rectangular in shape and consists of mostly open space with an enclosed children's play area.

Clifftops

Clifftops is accessed from Cliff Road next to Felixstowe Ferry Golf Club and is the most easterly park in Felixstowe. As the name suggests the park sits atop cliffs overlooking the North Sea, Deben Estuary and golf course. This is primarily used as pay and display car parking with a large grass open area used for both recreation and for overflow parking during peak times. Toilet facilities are available on site. The beach below can be accessed on foot via steps.

Others

Morrisons Park

Langley Avenue Sports Field (private)

PORT OF FELIXSTOWE

Main article: Port of Felixstowe The Port of Felixstowe

Felixstowe
Felixstowe
is Britain's largest container port.

The main navigation channel is dredged to 47 1⁄2 feet (14.5 m) below chart datum , and a depth of up to 49 feet (15 m) alongside the quay. Felixstowe
Felixstowe
boasts deep-water able to accommodate the world’s latest generation of deep-draughted ultra post- Panamax vessels. There is a continuous quay of 1 1⁄2 miles (2.4 km), equipped with 25 ship-to-shore gantry cranes.

It has road links to the Midlands via the A14 and to London
London
via the A12 road . The single-track railway line to Ipswich
Ipswich
has recently been upgraded to allow larger containers, and many containers are now transported by rail.

The port is owned by Hutchison Port Holdings Ltd with additional land on the peninsula owned by Trinity College, Cambridge
Trinity College, Cambridge
.

The port has its own Police Authority , which also currently has jurisdiction over the area local to the port (with permission from Suffolk
Suffolk
Constabulary 's Chief Constable). Alongside the Port Police, they also have their own joint ambulance and fire service. One of the port ambulances, call sign 'Alpha 1', can also come off port to attend 999 emergencies in Felixstowe.

CHURCHES

St Andrew's Church of England
England
parish church , built of reinforced concrete and completed in 1931

Felixstowe's Church of England
England
parish churches include Christ Church, St Andrew, St Edmund, St John the Baptist, St Mary the Virgin, SS Peter and Paul with SS Andrew and Nicholas and St Philip. Felixstowe has Baptist , Free , Methodist , Roman Catholic , Russian Orthodox and United Reformed churches.

NOTABLE RESIDENTS

People originating from or associated with Felixstowe
Felixstowe
include:

* Matt Bloomfield , footballer who plays for Wycombe Wanderers
Wycombe Wanderers
* Dawn Addams (1930–1985), an English actress, particularly in Hollywood motion pictures of the 1950s and on British television in the 1960s and 1970s * Jack Ainsley , footballer * Field Marshal Edmund Henry Hynman Allenby , 1st Viscount Allenby, soldier; Allenby Park in St. Andrews Road is named after him * Simon Clements (born 1956), cricketer * Len Evans AO OBE (31 August 1930 – 17 August 2006) was born in Felixstowe, England, of Welsh parents. He was a distinguished Australian promoter, maker, judge, taster, teacher and drinker of wine. * Iain Hook , UNRWA officer, killed in the line of duty * Megs Jenkins , actor * Jeremy Kemp , actor, Z-Cars * T. E. Lawrence
T. E. Lawrence
, ' Lawrence of Arabia ', based at RAF Landguard under the name John Hume Ross * Sir John Mills CBE (22 February 1908 – 23 April 2005), born Lewis Ernest Watts Mills, was an English actor who appeared in more than 120 films in a career spanning seven decades * Tom Grease, Grime Musician * Nicholas Pandolfi , broadcaster and actor * John Cyril Porte , Station Commander, RNAS Felixstowe * Wallis, The Duchess of Windsor , Mrs Simpson, spent time at Felixstowe
Felixstowe
waiting for Edward VIII's abdication * Barbara Ward , economist and writer, pupil at Jesus white-space:nowrap;">, Professional opera singer * The Shadow Project , an English electro rock band

OFFSHORE RADIO

This section DOES NOT CITE ANY SOURCES . Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed . (May 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message )

One of the first pirate radio stations operated from a ship anchored off Felixstowe.

Radio Caroline ship MV Caroline was outside the three-mile limit at Easter 1964. It was the very first UK radio station aboard a ship in the North Sea, and intended to break the monopoly of the BBC
BBC
. Radio Caroline had about seven million listeners in its first week on air. The station's slogan was Your all-day music station, and it initially broadcast from 6am-6pm, seven days a week. The transmitter had a power of 10 kW on 199 metres – 1.520 kHz. The ship moved to waters off the Isle Of Man
Isle Of Man
in summer 1965 to become Radio Caroline North, while MV Mi-Amigo of Radio Atlanta on 201 metres became Radio Caroline South, broadcasting on first 199 later on 259 metres – 1.178 kHz with 50 kW of power on medium wave. Later the ship moved to waters off Clacton-On-Sea , Essex.

Later Felixstowe
Felixstowe
Museum installed an offshore radio display.

LITERATURE

Felixstowe
Felixstowe
was identified by Author M.R. James as the location upon which the fictitious town of Burnstow was based. Burnstow appeared in both of James' short ghost stories Oh, Whistle, and I\'ll Come to You, My Lad and The Tractate Middoth originally published in Ghost Stories of an Antiquary

REFERENCES

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Felixstowe
(Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics . Retrieved 6 May 2015. * ^ The Ports Industry in England
England
and Wales (2006-07) * ^ Dyckhoff, Tom. "Let\'s move to Old Felixstowe, Suffolk". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 April 2015. * ^ "Town History". Felixstowe
Felixstowe
Town Council. Retrieved 16 April 2015. * ^ White, William (1844). History, gazetteer, and directory of Suffolk, and the towns near its borders. Sheffield. access-date= requires url= (help ) * ^ "A Track Record of Always Leading the Way". Port of Felixstowe. Retrieved 18 April 2015. * ^ https://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?_r=1&res=990CE2DA1338EE32A25751C1A96E9C946896D6CF">"". archive.org. Retrieved 2014-04-04. * ^ "Languard Fort Trust". Languard. Retrieved 18 April 2015. * ^ "Home Felixstowe
Felixstowe
Museum". felixstowemuseum.org. Retrieved 2015-08-21. * ^ Felixstowe
Felixstowe
Beach Station Destroyed Archived 25 May 2006 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ " Felixstowe
Felixstowe
Station Walk". National Express East Anglia. Archived from the original on 15 August 2009. Retrieved 25 January 2010. * ^ " Felixstowe
Felixstowe
Railway and Dock Bill". Hansard. Retrieved 25 January 2010. * ^ Bus Operators Archived 11 February 2008 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ " Harwich Harbour Foot & Bicycle Ferry - Home". * ^ "Foot & Cycle Ferries". felixstowetravelwatch.onesuffolk.net. Retrieved 2015-08-21. * ^ "National Express Coaches". felixstowetravelwatch.onesuffolk.net. Retrieved 2015-08-21. * ^ "Cranmer House, Felixstowe". British Listed Buildings. * ^ "Cotman House". * ^ "Felixstowe: Calls to ‘list’ seafront art deco tourist centre to protect it from bulldozers". EADT24. 10 August 2014. Archived from the original on 1 September 2014. * ^ "For Sale: 91-95 Undercliff Road West, Felixstowe, Suffolk
Suffolk
IP11 2AF" (PDF). Spice Property Consultants. July 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 September 2014. * ^ " England
England
Hockey Awards - another fantastic evening!". * ^ "Home". www.felixstowefootball.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-08-21. * ^ "Eastward Ho! Golf Club", "Golf’s Missing Links". * ^ The Chartered Institute of Librarians and Information Professionals (CILIP) * ^ Cornwell, Richard (16 October 2014). "Felixstowe: Ordnance Hotel is demolished to make way for Premier Inn". Ipswich
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Felixstowe
Skatepark. Retrieved 16 April 2015. * ^ "New hope for Felixstowe
Felixstowe
skatepark". Ipswich
Ipswich
Star. 18 May 2007. Retrieved 16 April 2015. * ^ Cornwell, Richard (15 June 2011). "Felixstowe: Youngsters slammed after CCTV
CCTV
wrecked at skatepark". East Anglian Daily Times. Retrieved 16 April 2015. * ^ "Opening: Felixstowe
Felixstowe
Skatepark". Felixstowe
Felixstowe
Skatepark. Retrieved 16 April 2015. * ^ Cornwell, Richard (15 June 2015). "Felixstowe: Youngsters slammed after CCTV
CCTV
wrecked at skatepark". Eastern Daily Press. Retrieved 16 April 2015. * ^ "Edmund Allenby – Liberator of Jerusalem". Orthodox England. Retrieved 16 April 2015. * ^ "Background to the Convention". Eastern Counties Bible Convention. Retrieved 16 April 2015. * ^ Port of Felixstowe. "Brief History". * ^ "Cambridge University\'s Trinity College in £20million bid to buy the O2 arena". Daily Mail. 3 August 2009. * ^ Archbishops\' Council . "Christ Church Felixstowe, Felixstowe". A Church Near You . Church of England
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. Retrieved 6 May 2015. * ^ Archbishops' Council. "Felixstowe: St Andrew, Felixstowe". A Church Near You. Church of England. Retrieved 6 May 2015. * ^ Archbishops' Council. "Felixstowe, St Edmund, Felixstowe". A Church Near You. Church of England. Retrieved 6 May 2015. * ^ Archbishops' Council. "Felixstowe, St John the Baptist, Felixstowe". A Church Near You. Church of England. Retrieved 6 May 2015. * ^ Archbishops' Council. "St Mary the Virgin, Walton IP11 9DS". A Church Near You. Church of England. Retrieved 6 May 2015. * ^ Archbishops' Council. "Felixstowe, St Peter & St Paul with St Andrew & St Nicholas, Felixstowe". A Church Near You. Church of England. Retrieved 6 May 2015. * ^ Archbishops' Council. "Walton Felixstowe: St Philips, Felixstowe". A Church Near You. Church of England. Retrieved 6 May 2015. * ^ "Bethesda Baptist Church, Felixstowe". Retrieved 6 May 2015. * ^ "MRBC Felixstowe". Retrieved 6 May 2015. * ^ "River of Life Church". Retrieved 6 May 2015. * ^ "Trinity Methodist Church Felixstowe". Retrieved 6 May 2015. * ^ "St Felix - Felixstowe". Diocese of East Anglia . Retrieved 6 May 2015. * ^ " Felixstowe
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EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikimedia Commons

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