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FELIS is a genus of small and medium-sized cat species native to most of Africa
Africa
and south of 60° latitude in Europe
Europe
and Asia
Asia
to Indochina
Indochina
.

Results of genetic studies indicate that Felis, Otocolobus and Prionailurus diverged from a Eurasian progenitor about 6.2 million years ago, and that Felis
Felis
species split off 3.04 to 0.99 million years ago.

This genus also includes the domestic cat . The smallest Felis species is the black-footed cat with a head and body length from 38 to 42 cm (15 to 17 in). The largest is the jungle cat with a head and body length from 62 to 76 cm (24 to 30 in). Felis
Felis
species inhabit a wide range of different habitats, from swampland to desert, and generally hunt small rodents , birds and other small animals, depending on their local environment. The worldwide introduction of the domestic cat also made it common to urban landscapes around the globe.

CONTENTS

* 1 Etymology * 2 Characteristics * 3 Taxonomy * 4 References * 5 External links

ETYMOLOGY

The generic name Felis
Felis
means "cat" in Latin . The term "feline" is derived from the adjective form felinus ("of the cat").

CHARACTERISTICS

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Felis
Felis
species have high and wide skulls, short jaws and narrow ears with short tufts, but without any white spots on the back of the ears. Their pupils contract to a vertical slit.

TAXONOMY

F. catus: a domestic tabby cat F. chaus: a jungle cat in India F. s. silvestris: a European wildcat
European wildcat
in Germany F. nigripes: a captive black-footed cat F. margarita: a captive sand cat F. bieti: a captive Chinese mountain cat

Linnaeus considered Felis
Felis
to comprise all cat species. Later taxonomists split the cat family into different genera. In 1917, the British zoologist Reginald Innes Pocock revised the genus Felis
Felis
as comprising only:

* F. catus (Linnaeus, 1758) * F. chaus (Güldenstädt , 1776) * F. silvestris (Schreber , 1777) * F. nigripes (Burchell , 1824) * F. margarita (Loche , 1858) * F. bieti (Milne-Edwards , 1892)

Several scientists consider the Chinese mountain cat a subspecies of F. silvestris.

The Transcaucasian black cat F. daemon, described by Satunin in 1904 turned out to be a feral black cat, probably a hybrid of wildcat and domestic cat.

Pocock accepted the Pallas\'s cat as the only member of the genus Otocolobus. Other scientists consider it also a Felis
Felis
species. According to a recent phylogenetic analysis Otocolobus is a sister group of both Felis
Felis
and Prionailurus .

Fossil species are:

* Felis attica (Wagner , 1857) * Felis lunensis (Martelli , 1906) – Martelli's cat

REFERENCES

* ^ A B C D E Pocock, R. I. (1951). Catalogue of the genus Felis. London: British Museum (Natural History). * ^ Johnson, W. E.; Eizirik, E.; Pecon-Slattery, J.; Murphy, W. J.; Antunes, A.; Teeling, E.; O'Brien, S. J. (2006). "The Late Miocene Radiation of Modern Felidae: A Genetic Assessment". Science. 311 (5757): 73–77. Bibcode :2006Sci...311...73J. PMID 16400146 . doi :10.1126/science.1122277 . * ^ Pecon-Slattery, J.; O'Brien, S. J. (1998). "Patterns of Y and X chromosome DNA sequence divergence during the Felidae
Felidae
radiation". Genetics. 148 (3): 1245–1255. PMC 1460026  . PMID 9539439 . * ^ Valpy, F. E. J. (1828). "Felis". An Etymological Dictionary of the Latin Language. London: A. J. Valpy. * ^ Güldenstädt, J.A. (1776). Chaus – Animal
Animal
feli adfine descriptum. Novi Commentarii Academiae Scientiarum Imperialis Petropolitanae, Vol 20: 483–500. * ^ Sanderson, J. (2009). A Matter of Very Little Moment? The mystery of w