The Info List - Felis

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FELIS is a genus of small and medium-sized cat species native to most of Africa
and south of 60° latitude in Europe
and Asia
to Indochina

Results of genetic studies indicate that Felis, Otocolobus and Prionailurus
diverged from a Eurasian progenitor about 6.2 million years ago, and that Felis
species split off 3.04 to 0.99 million years ago.

This genus also includes the domestic cat . The smallest Felis species is the black-footed cat with a head and body length from 38 to 42 cm (15 to 17 in). The largest is the jungle cat with a head and body length from 62 to 76 cm (24 to 30 in). Felis
species inhabit a wide range of different habitats, from swampland to desert, and generally hunt small rodents , birds and other small animals, depending on their local environment. The worldwide introduction of the domestic cat also made it common to urban landscapes around the globe.


* 1 Etymology * 2 Characteristics * 3 Taxonomy * 4 References * 5 External links


The generic name Felis
means "cat" in Latin . The term "feline" is derived from the adjective form felinus ("of the cat").


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species have high and wide skulls, short jaws and narrow ears with short tufts, but without any white spots on the back of the ears. Their pupils contract to a vertical slit.


F. catus: a domestic tabby cat F. chaus: a jungle cat in India F. s. silvestris: a European wildcat
European wildcat
in Germany F. nigripes: a captive black-footed cat F. margarita: a captive sand cat F. bieti: a captive Chinese mountain cat

Linnaeus considered Felis
to comprise all cat species. Later taxonomists split the cat family into different genera. In 1917, the British zoologist Reginald Innes Pocock
Reginald Innes Pocock
revised the genus Felis
as comprising only:

* F. catus (Linnaeus, 1758) * F. chaus (Güldenstädt , 1776) * F. silvestris (Schreber , 1777) * F. nigripes (Burchell , 1824) * F. margarita (Loche , 1858) * F. bieti (Milne-Edwards , 1892)

Several scientists consider the Chinese mountain cat a subspecies of F. silvestris.

The Transcaucasian black cat F. daemon, described by Satunin in 1904 turned out to be a feral black cat, probably a hybrid of wildcat and domestic cat.

Pocock accepted the Pallas\'s cat as the only member of the genus Otocolobus. Other scientists consider it also a Felis
species. According to a recent phylogenetic analysis Otocolobus is a sister group of both Felis
and Prionailurus

Fossil species are:

* Felis attica (Wagner , 1857) * Felis lunensis (Martelli , 1906) – Martelli's cat


* ^ A B C D E Pocock, R. I. (1951). Catalogue of the genus Felis. London: British Museum (Natural History). * ^ Johnson, W. E.; Eizirik, E.; Pecon-Slattery, J.; Murphy, W. J.; Antunes, A.; Teeling, E.; O'Brien, S. J. (2006). "The Late Miocene Radiation of Modern Felidae: A Genetic Assessment". Science. 311 (5757): 73–77. Bibcode :2006Sci...311...73J. PMID 16400146 . doi :10.1126/science.1122277 . * ^ Pecon-Slattery, J.; O'Brien, S. J. (1998). "Patterns of Y and X chromosome DNA sequence divergence during the Felidae
radiation". Genetics. 148 (3): 1245–1255. PMC 1460026  . PMID 9539439 . * ^ Valpy, F. E. J. (1828). "Felis". An Etymological Dictionary of the Latin Language. London: A. J. Valpy. * ^ Güldenstädt, J.A. (1776). Chaus – Animal
feli adfine descriptum. Novi Commentarii Academiae Scientiarum Imperialis Petropolitanae, Vol 20: 483–500. * ^ Sanderson, J. (2009). A Matter of Very Little Moment? The mystery of who first described the jungle cat. Feline Conservation Federation Volume 53, Issue 1 (January/February 2009): 12–18. * ^ Driscoll, C. A., Menotti-Raymond, M., Roca, A. L. Hupe, K., Johnson, W. E., Geffen, E., Harley, E. H., Delibes, M., Pontier, D., Kitchener, A. C., Yamaguchi, N., O'Brien, S. J., Macdonald, D. W. (2007). "The Near Eastern Origin of Cat
Domestication" (PDF). Science. 317 (5837): 519–523. Bibcode :2007Sci...317..519D. PMID 17600185 . doi :10.1126/science.1139518 . CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link ) * ^ Satunin, C. (1904). The Black Wild Cat
of Transcaucasia. Proceedings of the Zoological Society London 1904 vol. II: 162–163. * ^ Bukhnikashvili, A., Yevlampiev, I. (eds.) Catalogue of the Type Specimenss of Caucasian Large Mammalian Fauna in the Collection of the National Museum of Georgia. Georgian National Museum, Tbilisi. * ^ Wozencraft, W.C. (2005). "Felis". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal
of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 538. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0 . OCLC
62265494 . * ^ Eizirik, E., Johnson, W. E., & O'Brien, S. J. (2006). Molecular systematics and revised classification of the family Felidae (Mammalia, Carnivora). Journal of Mammalogy