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The Iberian Anarchist
Anarchist
Federation (Spanish: Federación Anarquista Ibérica, FAI) is a Spanish organization of anarchist (anarcho-syndicalist and anarchist-communist) militants active within affinity groups inside the Confederación Nacional del Trabajo
Confederación Nacional del Trabajo
(CNT) anarcho-syndicalist union. It is often abbreviated as CNT-FAI because of the close relationship between the two organizations. The FAI publishes the periodical Tierra y Libertad. The Iberian part of its name alludes to the purpose of unifying Spanish and Portuguese anarchists in a Pan-Iberian organization. The FAI meetings were attended by members of the União Anarquista Portuguesa and the Confederação Geral do Trabalho (including the Zaragoza
Zaragoza
Congress of the CNT in 1936). It is still in operation today, and aligns itself with the International of Anarchist
Anarchist
Federations (IAF-IFA).

Contents

1 History 2 See also 3 References 4 Sources

4.1 Film

5 External links

History[edit]

Part of the Politics series on

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v t e

It was founded in Valencia in 1927 (after a preliminary meeting the previous year in Marseille, France), to campaign for keeping the CNT on an anarchist path by challenging the bureaucracy of the CNT—which it viewed as having grown to become a mediating link between labour and capital, rather than a representative of the working class. This issue was becoming especially tense, as Miguel Primo de Rivera's dictatorial regime took over in Spain, and engineered a crackdown on labour movements. The disproportional hegemony which the FAI gained over CNT politics in the early 1930s led to confrontation with the less radical revolutionary syndicalist members. From 1931, in the first years of the Second Spanish Republic, possibilist union officials (the pro-Republican 'Treinta' and their followers) were systematically forced out of office or expelled, leading to the creation of anti-FAI opposition unions within the CNT in March 1933. The most moderate trade-unionists, under Ángel Pestaña, were ultimately expelled, forming the Syndicalist Party
Syndicalist Party
in April 1934, and leaving the CNT leadership under firm FAI control by the time of the Spanish Civil War. Members of the FAI were at the forefront of the fight against Francisco Franco's forces during the Civil War, mainly in the Eastern Army (Ejército del Este).[1] Since Franco's death, and Spain's transition to representative democracy, the FAI has continued to function. Though the organization shares members with the CNT, the FAI's membership is secret.[2] See also[edit]

Anarchism
Anarchism
in Spain Anarchist
Anarchist
Federation (France) Argentine Libertarian Federation Italian Anarchist
Anarchist
Federation

References[edit]

^ Antony Beevor
Antony Beevor
(2006) [1982]. The Battle for Spain. Orion. ISBN 978-0-7538-2165-7.  ^ Roca Martínez, p.116

Sources[edit]

Jason Garner, Goals and Means: Anarchism, Syndicalism
Syndicalism
and Internationalism in the Origins of the Federación Anarquista Ibérica, AK Press, 2016, 362pp, ISBN 978-1-84935-225-3 Stuart Christie, We, the anarchists! A study of the Iberian Anarchist Federation (FAI) 1927-1937, ChristieBooks (distributed by Central Books), 128pp, ISBN 1-901172-06-6 Beltrán Roca Martínez (2006). "Anarchism, anthropology and Andalucia: an analysis of the CNT and 'New Capitalism'" (PDF). Anarchist
Anarchist
Studies. London: Lawrence & Wishart. 14 (2): 106–130. ISSN 0967-3393. Retrieved 2007-12-27. 

Film[edit]

Living Utopia ("Vivir la Utopia") by Juan Gamero, Arte-TVE, Catalunya 1997. Short description and link to view the film:[1]

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Federación Anarquista Ibérica.

Official website The Spanish Revolution, 1936-39 Anarchy
Anarchy
Now! resource page FAI articles on libcom.org Spanish Anarchism Tierra y Libertad

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 140214531 LCCN: n86138263 ISNI: 0000 0001 2291 9315 GND: 2088184-8 SUDOC: 061133361 BNF: cb15897331w (

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