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Fayetteville (/ˈfeɪətˌvɪl/) is a city in Cumberland County, North Carolina, United States. It is the county seat of Cumberland County,[4] and is best known as the home of Fort Bragg, a major U.S. Army installation northwest of the city. Fayetteville has received the All-America City
City
Award from the National Civic League three times. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 200,564,[5] with an estimated population of 204,408 in 2013.[6] It is the 6th-largest city in North Carolina. Fayetteville is in the Sandhills in the western part of the Coastal Plain region, on the Cape Fear River. With an estimated population in 2013 of 210,533 people,[7] the Fayetteville metropolitan area is the largest in southeastern North Carolina, and the fifth-largest in the state. Suburban areas of metro Fayetteville include Fort Bragg, Hope Mills, Spring Lake, Raeford, Pope Field, Rockfish, Stedman, and Eastover. Fayetteville's mayor is Mitch Colvin, who is serving his first term.[8]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Early settlement 1.2 American Revolution 1.3 Post-revolution 1.4 Antebellum 1.5 The Civil War era and late nineteenth century 1.6 20th century to the present 1.7 Fort Bragg
Fort Bragg
and Pope Army Airfield 1.8 Sanctuary community for military families 1.9 National Register of Historic Places

2 Geography

2.1 Topography 2.2 Climate

3 Demographics

3.1 Religion

4 Economy

4.1 Top employers 4.2 Defense industry

5 Arts and culture

5.1 Clubs and organizations 5.2 Points of interest

6 Sports 7 Education

7.1 Public schools

7.1.1 High schools (grades 9–12) 7.1.2 Specialty schools

7.2 Private schools 7.3 Colleges and universities

8 Media

8.1 Television stations 8.2 Radio stations

9 Infrastructure

9.1 Air transportation 9.2 Highways 9.3 Public transportation 9.4 Passenger rail

10 Notable people 11 Accolades 12 Sister city 13 References 14 Sources 15 External links

History[edit] See also: Timeline of Fayetteville, North Carolina Early settlement[edit] The area of present-day Fayetteville was historically inhabited by various Siouan
Siouan
Native American peoples, such as the Eno, Shakori, Waccamaw, Keyauwee, and Cape Fear people. They followed successive cultures of other indigenous peoples in the area for more than 12,000 years. After the violent upheavals of the Yamasee War
Yamasee War
and Tuscarora Wars during the second decade of the 18th century, the North Carolina colony encouraged English settlement along the upper Cape Fear River, the only navigable waterway entirely within the colony. Two inland settlements, Cross Creek and Campbellton, were established by Scots from Campbeltown, Argyll and Bute, Scotland. Merchants in Wilmington wanted a town on the Cape Fear River
Cape Fear River
to secure trade with the frontier country. They were afraid people would use the Pee Dee River
Pee Dee River
and transport their goods to Charleston, South Carolina. The merchants bought land from Newberry in Cross Creek. Campbellton became a place where poor whites and free blacks lived, and gained a reputation for lawlessness.[citation needed] In 1783, Cross Creek and Campbellton united, and the new town was incorporated as Fayetteville in honor of Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette, a French military hero who significantly aided the American forces during the war.[9] Fayetteville was the first city to be named in his honor in the United States.[9] Lafayette visited the city on March 4 and 5, 1825, during his grand tour of the United States.[9] American Revolution[edit]

Center tile of floor of the Market House which served as a town market until 1906

Liberty Point in Fayetteville, where the "Liberty Point Resolves" were signed in June 1775

The Cool Spring Tavern, built in 1788, is the oldest structure in Fayetteville. Most earlier structures were destroyed by the "great fire" of 1831.

The local region was heavily settled by Scots in the mid/late 1700s, and most of these were Gaelic-speaking Highlanders. The vast majority of Highland Scots, recent immigrants, remained loyal to the British government and rallied to the call to arms from the Royal Governor. Despite this, they were eventually defeated by a larger Revolutionary force at the Battle of Moore's Creek Bridge. The area also included a number of active Revolutionaries. In late June 1775, residents drew up the "Liberty Point Resolves," which preceded the Declaration of Independence by a little more than a year. It said,

"This obligation to continue in full force until a reconciliation shall take place between Great Britain and America, upon constitutional principles, an event we most ardently desire; and we will hold all those persons inimical to the liberty of the colonies, who shall refuse to subscribe to this Association; and we will in all things follow the advice of our General Committee respecting the purposes aforesaid, the preservation of peace and good order, and the safety of individual and private property."

Robert Rowan, who apparently organized the group, signed first. Robert Rowan (circa 1738–1798) was one of the area's leading public figures of the 18th century. A merchant and entrepreneur, he settled in Cross Creek in the 1760s. He served as an officer in the French and Indian War, as sheriff, justice and legislator, and as a leader of the Patriot cause in the Revolutionary War. Rowan Street and Rowan Park in Fayetteville and a local chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution are named for him, though Rowan County (founded in 1753) was named for his uncle, Matthew Rowan. Flora MacDonald
Flora MacDonald
(1722–1790), a Scots Highland woman known for aiding Bonnie Prince Charlie after his Highlander army's defeat at Culloden in 1746, lived in North Carolina
North Carolina
for about five years. She was a staunch Loyalist and aided her husband to raise the local Scots to fight for the King against the Revolution. Seventy-First Township in western Cumberland County (now a part of Fayetteville) is named for a British regiment during the American Revolution – the 71st Regiment of Foot or "Fraser's Highlanders", as they were first called. Post-revolution[edit] Fayetteville had what is sometimes called its "golden decade" during the 1780s. It was the site in 1789 for the state convention that ratified the U.S. Constitution, and for the General Assembly session that chartered the University of North Carolina
North Carolina
at Chapel Hill. Fayetteville lost out to the future city of Raleigh in the bid to become the permanent state capital. In 1793, the Fayetteville Independent Light Infantry formed and is still active as a ceremonial unit. It is the second-oldest militia unit in the country. Henry Evans (circa 1760–1810), a free black preacher, is locally known as the "Father of Methodism" in the area. Evans was a shoemaker by trade and a licensed Methodist
Methodist
preacher. He met opposition from whites when he began preaching to slaves in Fayetteville, but he later attracted whites to his services. He is credited with building the first church in town, called the African Meeting House, in 1796. Evans Metropolitan AME Zion Church
AME Zion Church
is named in his honor. Antebellum[edit] Fayetteville had 3,500 residents in 1820, but Cumberland County's population still ranked as the second-most urban in the state behind New Hanover County (Wilmington). Its "Great Fire" of 1831 was believed to be one of the worst in the nation's history, although no lives were lost. Hundreds of homes and businesses and most of the best-known public buildings were lost, including the old "State House". Fayetteville leaders moved quickly to help the victims and rebuild the town. The Market House, completed in 1832, became the center of commerce and celebration. The structure was built on the ruins of the old State House. It was a town market until 1906. It served as Fayetteville Town Hall until 1907. The City
City
Council is considering adapting the Market House into a local history museum. The Civil War era and late nineteenth century[edit]

The Confederate arsenal in Fayetteville was destroyed in March 1865 by Union Gen. William T. Sherman
William T. Sherman
during the Civil War.

In March 1865, Gen. William T. Sherman
William T. Sherman
and his 60,000-man army attacked Fayetteville and destroyed the Confederate arsenal (designed by the Scottish architect William Bell[10]). Sherman's troops also destroyed foundries and cotton factories, and the offices of The Fayetteville Observer. Not far from Fayetteville, Confederate and Union troops engaged in the last cavalry battle of the Civil War, the Battle of Monroe's Crossroads. Downtown Fayetteville was the site of a skirmish, as Confederate Lt. Gen. Wade Hampton and his men surprised a cavalry patrol, killing 11 Union soldiers and capturing a dozen on March 11, 1865. In the late nineteenth century, Fayetteville whites adopted Jim Crow and state laws to impose racial segregation. 20th century to the present[edit]

Children working in the Tolar, Hart and Holt Mills in Fayetteville, 1914. Photo by Lewis Hine.

Cumberland County's population exploded in the post-World War II years, with its 43% increase in the 1960s the largest in any of North Carolina's 100 counties. Construction was fast-paced as shopping developments and suburban subdivisions began to spread outside the Fayetteville city limits toward Fort Bragg
Fort Bragg
and Pope Air Force Base. The Fayetteville and Cumberland County school systems moved toward integration gradually, beginning in the early 1960s; busing brought about wider-scale student integration in the 1970s. Segregation of public facilities continued. Marches and sit-ins during the Civil Rights Movement, with students from Fayetteville State Teachers College (now Fayetteville State University) at the forefront, led to the end of whites-only service at restaurants and segregated seating in theaters. Blacks and women gained office in significant numbers, from the late 1960s and on into the early 1980s. The Vietnam Era was a time of change in the Fayetteville area. Fort Bragg did not send many large units to Vietnam, but from 1966 to 1970, more than 200,000 soldiers trained at the post before leaving for the war. This buildup stimulated area businesses. Anti-war protests in Fayetteville drew national attention because of Fort Bragg, in a city that generally supported the war. Anti-war groups invited the actress and activist Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
to Fayetteville to participate in three anti-war events. At this time, Fayetteville also made headlines after Army doctor Jeffrey R. MacDonald murdered his pregnant wife and two daughters in their Ft. Bragg home in 1970; the book and movie Fatal Vision were based on these events. To combat the dispersal of suburbanization, Fayetteville has worked to redevelop its downtown through various revitalization projects; it has attracted large commercial and defense companies such as Purolator, General Dynamics
General Dynamics
and Wal-Mart
Wal-Mart
Stores and Distribution Center. Development of the Airborne & Special
Special
Operations Museum, Fayetteville Area Transportation Museum, Fayetteville Linear Park, and Fayetteville Festival Park, which opened in late 2006, have added regional attractions to the center. In the first decade of the 21st century, the towns and rural areas surrounding Fayetteville had rapid growth. Suburbs such as Hope Mills, Raeford and Spring Lake had increases in population. In 2005, Congress passed the Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) Act, resulting in several new commands relocating to Fort Bragg. These include the U.S. Army
U.S. Army
Forces Command (FORSCOM) and U.S. Army
U.S. Army
Reserve Command, both of which relocated from Fort McPherson
Fort McPherson
in Atlanta. More than 30,000 people were expected to relocate to the area with associated businesses and families. FORSCOM awards over $300 billion in contracts annually.[11] In the November/December 2009 issue of Where to Retire, the magazine named Fayetteville as one of the best places to retire in the United States for military retirements.[12] In December 2015, Fayetteville unveiled the Guinness World Record
Guinness World Record
for the biggest Christmas stocking, weighing approximately 1,600 pounds (730 kg), and measuring 74.5 x 139 inches.[13] Fort Bragg
Fort Bragg
and Pope Army Airfield[edit]

Entrance sign to Fort Bragg

FORSCOM & USARC headquarters

Fort Bragg
Fort Bragg
and Pope Army Airfield Field
Pope Army Airfield Field
are in the northern part of the city of Fayetteville. Several U.S. Army
U.S. Army
airborne units are stationed at Fort Bragg, most prominently the XVIII Airborne Corps HQ, the 82nd Airborne Division, and the United States
United States
Army Special
Special
Operations Command. Fort Bragg
Fort Bragg
was the home of the Field Artillery
Artillery
at the onset of World War II. All the Army's artillery units east of the Mississippi River were based at the post, about 5,000 men in all. Soldiers tested the Army's new bantam car, which was soon to be known as the Jeep, although most of the power to move artillery still came from horses and burros. On September 12, 1940, the Army contracted to expand the post, bringing the 9th Infantry Division to Fort Bragg. The mission of Pope Field
Pope Field
is to provide airlift to American armed forces and to humanitarian missions flown all over the world. Pope Field particularly provides air transportation for the 82nd Airborne, among other airborne units on Fort Bragg. All of Pope's fighter jet squadrons have been relocated to Moody AFB, Georgia. The main entity at Pope are now the Air Force Reserves, although they still have a small amount of active personnel. In September 2008, Fayetteville annexed 85% of Ft. Bragg, bringing the population of the city to 206,000. Ft. Bragg retains its own police, fire, and EMS services. Fayetteville hopes to attract large retail businesses to the area using the new population figures.[14] Sanctuary community for military families[edit]

Fayetteville becomes the first "Sanctuary for Soldiers".

82D Airborne Division 4-mile Run

On September 5, 2008, Cumberland County announced it was the "World's First Sanctuary for Soldiers and Their Families"; it marked major roads with blue and white "Sanctuary" signage. Within the county, soldiers were to be provided with local services, ranging from free childcare to job placement for soldiers' spouses.[15] Five hundred volunteers have signed up to watch over military families. They were recruited to offer one-to-one services; member businesses will also offer discounts and preferential treatments. Time magazine recognized Fayetteville for its support of military families and identified it as "America's Most Pro-Military Town".[16] National Register of Historic Places[edit] Main article: National Register of Historic Places listings in Cumberland County, North Carolina Geography[edit] The city limits extend west to the Hoke boundary. It is bordered on the north by the town of Spring Lake. According to the United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau, Fayetteville has a total area of 147.7 square miles (382.6 km2), of which 145.8 square miles (377.7 km2) is land and 1.9 square miles (4.8 km2) is water. The total area is 1.926% water.[5] Topography[edit] Fayetteville is in the Sandhills of North Carolina, which are between the coastal plain to the southeast and the Piedmont to the northwest. The city is built on the Cape Fear River, a 202-mile-long (325 km) river that originates in Haywood and empties into the Atlantic Ocean. Carver's Falls, measuring 150 feet (46 m) wide and two stories tall, is on Carver Creek, a tributary of the Cape Fear, just northeast of the city limits. Climate[edit] Fayetteville is located in the humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) zone, with mostly moderate temperatures year round. Winters are mild, but can get cool with snow occurring a few days per year. Summers are hot with levels of humidity which can cause spontaneous thunderstorms and rain showers. Temperature records range from −5 °F (−21 °C) on February 13, 1899 to 110 °F (43 °C) on August 21, 1983, which was the highest temperature ever recorded in the State of North Carolina. On April 16, 2011, Fayetteville was struck by an EF3 tornado during North Carolina's largest tornado outbreak. Surrounding areas such as Sanford, Dunn and Raleigh were also affected.

Climate data for Fayetteville, North Carolina
North Carolina
(1981–2010 normals)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °F (°C) 81 (27) 85 (29) 97 (36) 96 (36) 102 (39) 105 (41) 107 (42) 110 (43) 106 (41) 101 (38) 88 (31) 86 (30) 110 (43)

Average high °F (°C) 52.7 (11.5) 56.4 (13.6) 64.4 (18) 73.5 (23.1) 80.5 (26.9) 87.4 (30.8) 90.3 (32.4) 88.2 (31.2) 82.8 (28.2) 73.7 (23.2) 65.3 (18.5) 55.6 (13.1) 72.6 (22.6)

Daily mean °F (°C) 41.6 (5.3) 44.6 (7) 51.7 (10.9) 60.3 (15.7) 68.5 (20.3) 76.7 (24.8) 80.3 (26.8) 78.6 (25.9) 72.5 (22.5) 61.9 (16.6) 52.9 (11.6) 44.3 (6.8) 61.2 (16.2)

Average low °F (°C) 30.5 (−0.8) 32.8 (0.4) 39.0 (3.9) 47.2 (8.4) 56.6 (13.7) 66.1 (18.9) 70.4 (21.3) 69.0 (20.6) 62.2 (16.8) 50.0 (10) 40.5 (4.7) 33.0 (0.6) 49.8 (9.9)

Record low °F (°C) −2 (−19) −5 (−21) 14 (−10) 20 (−7) 32 (0) 40 (4) 51 (11) 46 (8) 28 (−2) 21 (−6) 15 (−9) 2 (−17) −5 (−21)

Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.64 (92.5) 3.16 (80.3) 3.83 (97.3) 3.06 (77.7) 3.32 (84.3) 4.42 (112.3) 5.37 (136.4) 5.56 (141.2) 4.13 (104.9) 3.03 (77) 2.94 (74.7) 2.96 (75.2) 45.42 (1,153.7)

Average snowfall inches (cm) 0.4 (1) 0.2 (0.5) 0.2 (0.5) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.2 (0.5) 1.0 (2.5)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 10.8 9.2 9.5 8.0 8.9 9.8 11.6 10.8 8.2 7.4 7.3 9.8 111.3

Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 0.1 0.1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 0.3

Source: NOAA[17]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population

Census Pop.

1790 1,536

1820 3,532

1830 2,868

−18.8%

1840 4,285

49.4%

1850 4,646

8.4%

1860 4,790

3.1%

1870 4,660

−2.7%

1880 3,485

−25.2%

1890 4,222

21.1%

1900 4,670

10.6%

1910 7,045

50.9%

1920 8,877

26.0%

1930 13,049

47.0%

1940 17,428

33.6%

1950 34,715

99.2%

1960 47,106

35.7%

1970 53,510

13.6%

1980 59,507

11.2%

1990 75,695

27.2%

2000 121,015

59.9%

2010 200,564

65.7%

Est. 2016 204,759 [1] 2.1%

[18]

As of the census of 2010, there were 200,564 people, 78,274 households, and 51,163 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,401 people per square mile (541.1/km²). There were 87,005 housing units at an average density of 230.3 units/km² (596.3 persons/sq mi). The racial composition of the city was 45.7% White, 41.9% Black or African American, 2.6% Asian American, 1.1% Native American, 0.4% Native Hawaiian
Native Hawaiian
or Other Pacific Islander, 3.3% some other race, and 4.9% two or more races. 10.1% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[19] There were 78,274 households, out of which 36.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.3% were headed by married couples living together, 19.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.6% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.3% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45, and the average family size was 3.02.[19] In the city the population was spread out with 25.8% under the age of 18, 14.4% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 9.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29.9 years. For every 100 females there were 93.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males.[19] In 2013, the estimated median annual income for a household in the city was $44,924, and the median income for a family was $49,608. Male full-time workers had a median income of $37,371 versus $32,208 for females. The per capita income for the city was $23,362. 18.4% of the population and 16.2% of families were below the poverty line. 27.1% of those under the age of 18 and 9.8% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.[20] On September 30, 2005, Fayetteville annexed 27 square miles (70 km2) and 46,000 residents. Some affected residents and developers challenged the annexation in the courts, but were ultimately unsuccessful. The exception was the Gates Four neighborhood which won its case against annexation despite the annexation of all surrounding neighborhoods. Religion[edit]

Hay Street United Methodist
Methodist
Church

Founded in Wade in 1758, Old Bluff Presbyterian Church
Old Bluff Presbyterian Church
is one of the oldest churches in the Upper Cape Fear Valley. The fourth Sunday of September each year is the annual Old Bluff Reunion; it is open to the public.[21] Bluff Presbyterian
Presbyterian
Church maintains a detailed history at its website.[22] Hundreds of houses of worship have been established in and around Cumberland County, including Catholic, Baptist, Pentecostal, Methodist and Presbyterian
Presbyterian
churches, which have the largest congregations.[23] Fayetteville is home to St. Patrick Church, the oldest Catholic parish in the state. Fayetteville is also home to Congregation Beth Israel, formed in 1910 by the Jewish families of Fayetteville. Economy[edit] Fort Bragg
Fort Bragg
is the backbone of the county's economy. Fort Bragg
Fort Bragg
and Pope Field
Pope Field
pump about $4.5 billion a year into the region's economy,[24] making Fayetteville one of the best retail markets in the country. Fayetteville serves as the region's hub for shops, restaurants, services, lodging, health care and entertainment. Fayetteville boasts a low unemployment rate with a large labor pool of trained professionals. Top employers[edit] According to Fayetteville 2012 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[25] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees

1 Department of Defense (Fort Bragg) 15,500+

2 Cumberland County Public School System 6,000+

3 Cape Fear Valley Health System 5,000+

4 Wal-Mart 3,570

5 Good Year Tire Manufacturing and Plant 2,000+

6 Cumberland County 2,000+

7 City
City
of Fayetteville 1,000+

Defense industry[edit] The Fayetteville area has a large and growing defense industry and was ranked in the Top 5 Defense Industry Development areas in US for 2008, 2010, 2011 by Expansion Solutions Magazine.[26] Eight of the ten top American defense contractors are located in the area, including Lockheed Martin, Boeing, Northrop Grumman, General Dynamics, and L-3 Communications. The city hosts Partnership for Defense Initiatives (PDI),[27] a non-profit organization that works with government, academia, and private industry to develop defense solutions. The PDI sponsors a Research and Development laboratory and a Defense Security Technology Accelerator (DSTA), a statewide program to assist new companies in developing their businesses and their technology services and products to the entire Department of Defense community.[28] Arts and culture[edit]

Festival Park

Clubs and organizations[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (August 2008)

The Woman's Club of Fayetteville[29]

Points of interest[edit]

The Cape Fear River
Cape Fear River
Trail is designated as part of the East Coast Greenway, a series of urban trails and greenways that will eventually connect from Maine to Key West, Florida.

One of the downtown side streets with shops and restaurants

Holmes store

Hay Street in Downtown Fayetteville

Historic sites:

Bordeaux Tower Cool Spring Tavern Evans Metropolitan AME Zion Church Ellerslie Plantation The first Golden Corral Hay Street United Methodist
Methodist
Church Heritage Square Liberty Point Myrtle Hill Plantation St. Patrick Catholic Church Tallywood Tower

Museums:

Airborne & Special
Special
Operations Museum Arts Council of Fayetteville/Cumberland County[30] Fascinate-U Children's Museum Fayetteville Area Transportation and Local History Museum Fayetteville Museum of Art[31] Museum of the Cape Fear Historical Complex

Parks and recreation:

Cape Fear Botanical Garden Cape Fear River
Cape Fear River
Trail College Lakes Park Cross Creek Linear Park Freedom Memorial Park Jordan Soccer Complex North Carolina
North Carolina
Veterans Park

Shopping:

Cross Creek Mall

Theaters and arenas:

Cameo Art House Theatre[32] Cape Fear Regional Theater Crown Coliseum The Gilbert Theater

Sports[edit]

Club Sport League Venue Established Championships

Buies Creek Astros* Baseball Carolina League Jim Perry Stadium 2017 0

Fayetteville Marksmen Ice hockey Southern Professional Hockey League Crown Coliseum 2002 1

Cape Fear Heroes Indoor football American Arena League Crown Coliseum 2011 1

Fayetteville Swampdogs Collegiate baseball Coastal Plain League J. P. Riddle Stadium 2001 1

*The Houston Astros' Class-A Advanced affiliate will play its 2017 and 2018 seasons in Buies Creek while a new stadium is built in downtown Fayetteville. The team will begin playing at its new home in Fayetteville starting in 2019.[33] Education[edit] Public schools[edit] Cumberland County Schools' headquarters are located in Fayetteville, and the schools serve all cities and towns of the county. CCS operates a total of 87 schools, 53 elementary schools, 16 middle schools, 15 high schools and 9 Alternative and Specialty Schools including, 1 year-round classical, 1 evening academy, 1 web academy, and 2 special schools. Cumberland County Schools is the 4th-largest school system in the state and 78th-largest in the country. High schools (grades 9–12)[edit]

Cape Fear High School
Cape Fear High School
- School of Agricultural & Natural Sciences Academy (9 - 12) Douglas Byrd High School - Finance Academy & Ford Partnerships for Advanced Studies (9 - 12) Ezekiel Ezra "E.E." Smith High School - Academies of Math & Science and Fire Science (9 - 12) Jack Britt High School
Jack Britt High School
- Academy of Integrated Systems of Technology and Applied Engineering (9 - 12) Pine Forest High School - Academies of Emergency Medical Science & Information Technology (9 - 12) Seventy-First High School - School of Arts (9 - 12) Terry Sanford High School - Global Studies Academy (9 - 12) Westover High School - Academies of Health and Engineering (9 - 12) South View High School - International Baccalaureate (9-12) Gray's Creek High School - Academy of Information Technology (9-12)

Specialty schools[edit]

Massey Hill Classical High School
Massey Hill Classical High School
(9 - 12) Cross Creek Early College High School (9-12)

Private schools[edit]

Berean Baptist Academy (Pre-K - 12)[34] Fayetteville Academy[35] Fayetteville Christian School (Pre-K–12)[36] Northwood Temple Academy[37] Village Christian Academy

Colleges and universities[edit]

Carolina College of Biblical Studies Grace College of Divinity Fayetteville State University Fayetteville Technical Community College Methodist
Methodist
University Shaw University
Shaw University
Satellite Campus

Media[edit] See also: List of newspapers in North Carolina, List of radio stations in North Carolina, and List of television stations in North Carolina Television stations[edit]

FayTV7 ( Time Warner Cable
Time Warner Cable
Channel 7) City
City
of Fayetteville's Government Access Channel

Radio stations[edit]

88.3 FM WUAW Various Genres 88.7 FM WRAE Religious Music 89.3 FM WZRI
WZRI
Christian Contemporary Music 91.9 FM WFSS Public Radio 95.7 FM WKML Country 96.5 FM WFLB Classic Hits 98.1 FM WQSM
WQSM
Top 40 99.1 FM WZFX Mainstream Urban (Hip Hop and R&B) 102.3 FM WFVL Oldies 103.5 FM WRCQ Rock 104.5 FM WCCG Urban Contemporary (R&B Hits) 105.7 FM WCLN-FM Gospel Music 106.9 FM WMGU
WMGU
Urban Adult Contemporary (Adult's R&B) 107.3 FM WKFV Contemporary Christian 107.7 FM WUKS Urban Adult Contemporary (Smooth R&B) 640 AM WFNC News/talk 1230 AM WFAY Sports 1450 AM WMRV Sports (simulcasts WFAY) 1490 AM WAZZ Standards 1600 AM WIDU
WIDU
Black Gospel/Talk 1690 AM WAXX
WAXX
Big J's Top Hits

Infrastructure[edit]

Fayetteville Area Transportation and Local History Museum in the restored 1890 Cape Fear and Yadkin Valley Railroad Depot

The historic Fayetteville Amtrak
Amtrak
station

Air transportation[edit] Fayetteville Regional Airport
Fayetteville Regional Airport
is served by five regional carriers that provide daily and seasonal passenger services to three major airline hubs within the United States. An additional regional carrier and several fixed-base operators offer further services for both passenger and general aviation operations.

General aviation:

Landmark Aviation

Landmark Aviation
Landmark Aviation
provides fixed-base operator services for passenger and general aviation traffic at the Fayetteville Regional Airport. The general aviation terminal provides a lobby, pilot lounges, a conference room, and a flight room with WSI weather computers. Hangar storage and tie downs are also available.

Powell Avionics

Powell Avionics provides avionics and aircraft radio sales, installation and service. Powell Avionics is a limited fixed-base operator.

Rogers Aircraft

Rogers Aircraft provides aircraft repairs and maintenance.

Highways[edit]

Freeways:

All American Freeway Martin Luther King Jr. Freeway

Interstate Highways:

Interstate 95, south and east of the city limits Interstate 95 Business Interstate 295 (partially completed)

State Highways

N.C. 24 N.C. 53 N.C. 59 N.C. 87 N.C. 162 N.C. 210

U.S. Highways:

U.S. 301 U.S. 401 U.S. 13: The southern terminus of US 13 is in Eastover, at a junction with I-95 and I-295.

Public transportation[edit] See also: Fayetteville Area System of Transit The Fayetteville Area System of Transit
Fayetteville Area System of Transit
(FAST) serves the Fayetteville and Spring Lake regions, with ten bus routes and two shuttle routes. FAST operates thirteen fixed bus routes within the city of Fayetteville. Service is between the hours of 5:45 am and 10:30 pm on weekdays, with reduced hours on Saturdays and no Sunday service. Most routes begin and end at the Transfer Center at 147 Old Wilmington Road in Fayetteville. Other transfer points are located at University Estates, Cross Creek Mall, Veterans Administration Medical Center, Bunce and Cliffdale Rds and Cape Fear Valley Medical Center. Passenger rail[edit] See also: Fayetteville ( Amtrak
Amtrak
station) The Atlantic Coast Line Railroad
Atlantic Coast Line Railroad
Station, built in 1911, provides daily Amtrak
Amtrak
service with northbound and southbound routes leading to points along the East Coast.[38] Notable people[edit]

Henry Evans (circa 1760–1810) built the first Methodist
Methodist
church in Fayetteville in 1793; he is known as the "Father of Methodism" for the area.

Dwayne Allen, NFL tight end for New England Patriots Joey Arias, singer and performance artist Chris Armstrong, Canadian Football League player Charlie Baggett, NFL assistant coach Garry Battle, professional arena football player Chip Beck, professional golfer, born in Fayetteville Ann Bilansky (c. 1820–1860), Fayetteville native hanged for murder in Saint Paul, Minnesota Bunkie Blackburn, NASCAR
NASCAR
driver Randy Boone, country music singer, actor, The Virginian, Cimarron Strip, and It's a Man's World, born in Fayetteville Doug Brochu, actor in Disney Channel's Sonny with a Chance
Sonny with a Chance
and So Random! David "Bubba" Brooks, jazz tenor saxophonist Harold Floyd "Tina" Brooks, jazz musician, tenor saxophonist, and composer Jonathan Byrd, folk singer-songwriter John Benton Callis, politician and military officer Jeff Capel III, college basketball coach and former player Judy Clay, soul and gospel singer [39] J. Cole, rapper and producer Felisha Cooper, actress Affion Crockett, actor, comedian, dancer, rapper and writer Aaron Curry, NFL linebacker for Oakland Raiders, Seattle Seahawks Christopher Daniels, professional wrestler for Total Nonstop Action Wrestling Sandra Diaz-Twine, reality TV contestant, winner of Survivor: Pearl Islands and Survivor: Heroes vs. Villains James C. Dobbin, Secretary of the Navy, 1853–1857 Brad Edwards, football player for Washington Redskins
Washington Redskins
and Super Bowl winner Jane Evans Elliot
Jane Evans Elliot
(1820-1886), Civil War memoirist Beth Finch, first female mayor of Fayetteville (1975-1981)[40] Cortland Finnegan, NFL Pro Bowl cornerback Raymond Floyd, golfer, Masters and U.S. Open champion, World Golf Hall of Fame, attended Fayetteville High Luis Fonseca, United States
United States
Navy Hospital Corpsman and veteran of Iraq War Blenda Gay, NFL player Frank P. Graham, president of University of North Carolina
North Carolina
and U.S. senator Moonlight Graham, New York Giants outfielder for two innings on May 25, 1905; represented in novel Shoeless Joe and movie Field of Dreams Joe Harris, NFL linebacker Jimmy Herring, guitarist, Widespread Panic, Allman Brothers Band, The Dead, Aquarium Rescue Unit Sterling Hitchcock, Major League Baseball
Baseball
player from 1992-2004 Kristina Holland, actress Chris Hondros, war photographer and 2004 Pulitzer Prize
Pulitzer Prize
finalist Joe Horn, NFL wide receiver Michael Joiner, basketball player for Florida State Seminoles
Florida State Seminoles
and New Zealand National Basketball League Cal Koonce, baseball player Calvin Lowry, UFL safety for Omaha Nighthawks Elizabeth MacRae, actress Eric Maynor, basketball player, drafted 20th overall by Utah Jazz
Utah Jazz
in 2009 Troy McLawhorn, musician, guitarist for Evanescence Jason "Mayhem" Miller, professional mixed martial arts fighter Dave Moody, Grammy-nominated artist, producer, songwriter, filmmaker Julianne Moore, Oscar-winning actress, born at Fort Bragg Kathryn Morgan, ballet dancer with New York City
City
Ballet, born at Fort Bragg Xavier Nixon, offensive tackle for Washington Redskins Shanaelle Petty, Miss Universe Croatia 2017, graduated from Terry Sanford High School in 2016 Shea Ralph, assistant coach for University of Connecticut
University of Connecticut
women's basketball team Jimmy Raye, NFL wide receiver Hiram Rhodes Revels, first African-American senator and member of Congress Jerry Richardson, owner of NFL's Carolina Panthers, played for Baltimore Colts Antwoine Sanders, NFL safety Terry Sanford, politician and educator Terrmel Sledge, professional baseball player Dennis Smith Jr., basketball player for Dallas Mavericks, ninth overall pick of 2017 NBA Draft Charles Manly Stedman, congressman and Lieutenant Governor of North Carolina Robert Strange, United States
United States
senator Kinnon Tatum, NFL player Doug Wilkerson, NFL guard for San Diego Chargers Robert Wilkie, Assistant Secretary of Defense for Legislative Affairs and Special
Special
Assistant to President for National Security Affairs Seth Williams, Canadian Football League player

Accolades[edit] Despite Fayetteville's modest ranking as the 106th largest city in the US, with a population of about 204,000,[41] Fayetteville has earned many top awards and recognition as a desirable location, due to its economic and housing growth as well as its reliance on Fort Bragg.

#1 "Job Market in the Country" for recent college graduates, The Daily Beast.[42] #2 "Highest Per Capita Income Growth in North Carolina", surpassing Raleigh and Charlotte, the Bureau of Economic Analysis.[43] #3 "Most Affordable Housing Market in the Nation, Businessweek Magazine[citation needed] #3 "Job Market in the Nation", Manpower, Inc.[44] #5 "Strongest Housing Market in the US", Bloomberg Businessweek.[45] #7 "America's Strongest Building Markets", Business Week.[46] Top 5 for Defense Industry Development in US for 2010, Expansion Solutions Magazine.[47] #14 "Top 25 Most Uniquely American Cities and Towns", Newsmax
Newsmax
magazine (2009)[48] #18 "Best Performing City
City
in America", the Milken Institute.[49]

Other honors include:

3-Time Winner of the National Civics League "All-American City" award in 2011[50] United States
United States
First Soldier Sanctuary[51]

Sister city[edit] Saint-Avold, Moselle, Grand Est, France[52] References[edit]

^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.  ^ "American FactFinder". United States
United States
Census
Census
Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States
United States
Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 10, 2015. Retrieved 2011-06-07.  ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Fayetteville city, North Carolina". U.S. Census
Census
Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved January 5, 2015.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 (PEPANNRES): North Carolina
North Carolina
Incorporated Places". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved January 5, 2015.  ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 (GCT-PEPANNRES) - United States
United States
-- Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Area". U.S. Census
Census
Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved January 5, 2015.  ^ " City
City
of Fayetteville official website".  ^ a b c Encyclopedia of North Carolina, 3rd ed., Vol. 2 (1999), p. 254. ^ "Bell, William (1789-1865) : NC Architects & Builders : NCSU Libraries".  ^ "BRAC: Developers Place Bets on Growth", Fayetteville Observer ^ "5 Star Towns for Military Retirement" (PDF). Where to Retire. Retrieved 29 August 2015.  ^ "At 1,600 Pounds, this is officially the World's Largest Christmas Stocking". FOX News Insider. FOX News. 11 December 2015. Retrieved 12 December 2015.  ^ Mims, Bryan (September 16, 2008). "Bragg annexation could boost Fayetteville's retail scene". WRAL. Retrieved April 20, 2012.  ^ "Fayetteville Wants You" (PDF).  ^ Thornburgh, Nathan (20 November 2008). "Fayetteville: America's Most Pro-Military Town" – via www.time.com.  ^ "NowData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved December 4, 2012.  ^ "Fayetteville (city) QuickFacts from the US Census
Census
Bureau". 7 May 2015. Archived from the original on 7 May 2015.  ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 (DP-1): Fayetteville city, North Carolina". U.S. Census
Census
Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved January 5, 2015.  ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2013 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates (DP03): Fayetteville city, North Carolina". U.S. Census
Census
Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved January 5, 2015.  ^ "The Bluff Presbyterian
Presbyterian
Church". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27.  ^ "The Bluff Presbyterian
Presbyterian
Church". Archived from the original on 2007-06-21.  ^ "Discoverfayetteville.com". Archived from the original on February 3, 2007. Retrieved 2007-01-11. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ "Community Facts > FACVB".  ^ City
City
of Fayetteville CAFR[permanent dead link] ^ "Top 5 Defense Awards 2011". Expansion Solutions Magazine. Cornett Publishing Co., Inc. Retrieved 19 January 2018.  ^ "PDI Research & Development Lab - Mission Statement - North Carolina". Archived from the original on 2013-04-15.  ^ "K3 Enterprises.com".  ^ "Woman's Club of Fayetteville -".  ^ "Home - The Arts Council".  ^ "Fayetteville Museum of Art - Home page".  ^ "Cameo Art House Theater - Home page".  ^ Barksdale, Andrew. "Fayetteville, Houston Astros
Houston Astros
sign 30-year agreement to bring baseball to downtown". FayObserver.com. The Fayetteville Observer. Retrieved 15 December 2016.  ^ "Berean Baptist Academy - Fayetteville, NC". www.bbafnc.org. Retrieved 2018-02-17.  ^ "Fayetteville Academy". Archived from the original on November 21, 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-17. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) ^ "Fayetteville Christian School". Fayetteville Christian School. Retrieved April 22, 2015.  ^ "Northwood Temple Academy".  ^ "North Carolina's Rail Division with AMTRAK Service". bytrain.org.  ^ Staxrecords.free.fr Profile, staxrecords.free.fr; retrieved May 23, 2007. ^ Jacobs, Chick (2012-12-28). "Former mayor Beth Dail Finch recalled as 'gentle,' 'strong'". Fayetteville Observer. Retrieved 2013-01-08.  ^ List of United States
United States
cities by population ^ "Best Cities for Recent Grads". 31 May 2011.  ^ " Bureau of Economic Analysis
Bureau of Economic Analysis
Per Capita Incomes" (PDF).  ^ WRAL (8 December 2009). "Jobs picture brightens a bit in Triangle, is strong in Fayetteville :: WRAL.com".  ^ "Stock quotes, financial tools, news and analysis - MSN Money".  ^ "Businessweek - Bloomberg".  ^ "Expansion Solutions Magazine - 011_AwardsDefense".  ^ Greenberg, Peter. " Newsmax
Newsmax
Magazine Rates the Top 25 Most Uniquely American Cities And Towns". Retrieved 13 January 2014.  ^ City
City
Management Archived 2012-05-27 at the Wayback Machine. ^ 2011 All-America City
City
Award Winners Announced Archived 2012-08-26 at the Wayback Machine. ^ webdemar. "Press Coverage - Sanctuary Press Room".  ^ "Interactive City
City
Directory". Sister Cities International. Retrieved 17 March 2015. 

Sources[edit] See also: Bibliography of the history of Fayetteville, North Carolina

Baca, George. Conjuring Crisis: Racism and Civil Rights in a Southern Military City
City
(Rutgers University Press; 2010) 196 pages. An ethnographic study of urban politics and racial tensions in Fort Bragg and Fayetteville. Fenn, Elizabeth A.; Watson, Harry L.; Nathans, Sydney; Clayton, Thomas H.; Wood, Peter H. (2003). Joe A. Mobley, ed. The Way We Lived in North Carolina. The University of North Carolina
North Carolina
Press.  Meyer, Duane (2007). The Highland Scots of North Carolina, 1732–1776. The University of Matthew Burris.  Oates, John (1981). The story of Fayetteville and the upper Cape Fear. Fayetteville Woman's Club. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Fayetteville, North Carolina.

Fayetteville, North Carolina
North Carolina
travel guide from Wikivoyage Official website Fayetteville–Cumberland County Chamber of Commerce

v t e

Municipalities and communities of Cumberland County, North Carolina, United States

County seat: Fayetteville

City

Fayetteville

Towns

Eastover Falcon‡ Godwin Hope Mills Linden Spring Lake Stedman Wade

CDP

Vander

Unincorporated communities

Chestnut Hills Cumberland Dogwood Acres Montclair

Military bases

Fort Bragg Pope Army Airfield

Footnotes

‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties

v t e

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v t e

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Vi Lyles (Charlotte) Nancy McFarlane (Raleigh) Nancy Vaughan (Greensboro) Steve Schewel (Durham) Allen Joines (Winston-Salem) Mitch Colvin (Fayetteville) Harold Weinbrecht (Cary) Bill Saffo (Wilmington) Bill Bencini (High Point)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 239181

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