Fatima bint Muhammad Al-Fihriya Al-Qurashiya (Arabic: فاطمة
بنت محمد الفهرية القرشية) was an
1 Biography 2 World's Oldest Library 3 References 4 Further reading
Karaouine Mosque and University.
The madrasa she founded is still in operation today as the University
of Al Quaraouiyine. It is the oldest continually operating educational
institution in the world and is sometimes referred to as the world's
oldest university, by being the first institution to award degrees
indicative of different levels of study. The mosque is also still in
operation, and is one of the largest in North Africa.
Al-Fihri was the daughter of a wealthy merchant, and had been
educated. The family was part of a large migration to
^ a b Kenney, Jeffrey T.; Moosa, Ebrahim (2013-08-15). Islam in the Modern World. Routledge. p. 128. ISBN 9781135007959. ^ Lulat, Y. G.-M.: A History Of African Higher Education From Antiquity To The Present: A Critical Synthesis Studies in Higher Education, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2005, ISBN 978-0-313-32061-3, p. 70:
As for the nature of its curriculum, it was typical of other major
madrasahs such as al-Azhar and al-Qarawiyyin, though many of the texts
used at the institution came from
^ Joseph, Suad; Najmabadi, Afsaneh (2003-01-01). Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures: Economics, education, mobility and space. Brill. p. 314. ISBN 9789004128200. ^ Swartley, Keith E. (2005-01-01). Encountering the World of Islam. Biblica. p. 74. ISBN 9781932805246. ^ Gates, Jr., Henry Louis (ed.). Dictionary of African Biography. 6. pp. 357–359. ISBN 9780195382075. ^ Kahera, Akel; Abdulmalik, Latif; Anz, Craig (2009-10-26). Design Criteria for Mosques and Islamic Centres. Routledge. p. 81. ISBN 9781136441271. ^ Shaheen, Kareem (2016-09-19). "World's oldest library reopens in Fez: 'You can hurt us, but you can't hurt the books'". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-05-30. ^ Fadel, Leila (21 May 2016). "The Delicate Task Of Restoring One Of The World's Oldest Libraries". NPR. Retrieved 1 September 2016. ^ Weller, Chris (28 June 2016). "The oldest library in the world just opened to the public — here's a look inside". Tech Insider. Retrieved 1 September 2016. ^ CNN, Daisy Carrington. "This 1,157-year-old library gets a facelift". CNN. Retrieved 2017-05-30.
"Kairaouine Mosque, Fes". Sacred Destinations. "The Al-Qarawiyyin Mosque".