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Father Mathew Bridge
Father Mathew Bridge
(Irish: Droichead an Athar Maitiú)[1] is a road bridge spanning the River Liffey
River Liffey
in Dublin, Ireland and joining Merchants Quay to Church Street and the north quays. It is approximately on the site of the original, and for many years only, Bridge of Dublin, dating back to the 11th century. History[edit] The site of the bridge is understood to be close to the ancient "Ford of the Hurdles",[2] which was the original crossing point on the Liffey and gives its name (in Irish) to the city of Dublin
Dublin
(Irish: Baile Átha Cliath, meaning "Town of the Hurdled Ford"). At the turn of the first millennium (c.1014), the first recorded Dublin
Dublin
Liffey bridge was built at this point. Possibly known as the Bridge of Dubhghall, this basic wooden structure was maintained and rebuilt over several centuries (from early Medieval to Viking to Norman times). These rebuilds included a Norman bridge (sanctioned by King John) in the early 13th century.[3] This collapsed however in the late 14th century and in 1428, the Dominicans of Ostmantown Friary
Friary
built the first masonry bridge in Dublin
Dublin
on the same spot.[2] Known as Dublin Bridge, Old Bridge, or simply The Bridge, this four arch structure had towers at either end, and shops, housing, an inn and a chapel were built on its supports. In 1312 Geoffrey de Morton, Lord Mayor of Dublin
Dublin
1302-3 was reprimanded for building a house without permission on the bridge. On the other hand it was he who began building the towers, which were completed by his son-in-law John de Grauntsete, who later built St. Mary's Chapel on the Bridge. For much of its 390-year life span, The Bridge carried all pedestrian, livestock and horse-drawn traffic across the river, and (as late as 1762) its tolls and chapel were still in use. At the beginning of the 19th century, Dublin
Dublin
Bridge was replaced by a three-span, elliptical arch stone bridge. Designed by George Knowles (who also designed O'Donovan Rossa Bridge
O'Donovan Rossa Bridge
and Lucan Bridge), the bridge was opened in 1818[4] as Whitworth Bridge, for Charles, Earl of Whitworth, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. As with many other Dublin
Dublin
bridges (particularly those named for British peers), the bridge was renamed following independence by the Free State as Dublin
Dublin
Bridge in the 1920s.[5] In line with another, later, Dublin
Dublin
tradition of naming bridges for temperance campaigners, the bridge was renamed again in 1938 for Father Theobald Mathew (the Apostle of Temperance) who was born at Thomastown near Golden, County Tipperary.[3] References[edit]

^ "Droichead an Athar Maitiú / Father Mathew Bridge". Logainm.ie - Database of Placenames' Commission. Retrieved 5 December 2016.  ^ a b Project history of Dublin's River Liffey
River Liffey
bridges (PDF). Bridge Engineering 156 Issue BE4 (Report). Phillips & Hamilton.  ^ a b " Father Mathew Bridge
Father Mathew Bridge
entry". Architecture of Dublin
Dublin
City. Archiseek. 2010.  ^ Father Mathew Bridge
Father Mathew Bridge
at Structurae ^ " Father Mathew Bridge
Father Mathew Bridge
- Timeline". Bridges of Dublin. Dublin
Dublin
City Council. Retrieved 5 December 2016. 

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Bridges in Dublin
Dublin
over the Liffey (west to east)

Lucan West-Link Farmleigh (disused) Anna Livia Islandbridge Liffey Railway Bridge Seán Heuston Frank Sherwin Rory O'More James Joyce Mellows Father Mathew O'Donovan Rossa Grattan Millennium Ha'penny O'Connell Rosie Hackett Butt Loopline Talbot Memorial Seán O'Casey Samuel Becke

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