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FARIDABAD is the largest city in the north Indian state of Haryana
Haryana
in Faridabad district . It is a leading industrial centre and situated in the National Capital Region bordering the Indian capital New Delhi
New Delhi
. Located 284 kilometres south of the state capital Chandigarh , it is the most populous city in the state of Haryana
Haryana
. The river Yamuna forms the eastern district boundary with Uttar Pradesh. Government of India
India
included it the second list of Smart Cities Mission on 24 May 2016.

The newly developed residential and industrial part of Faridabad (Sec. 66 to 89) between the Agra Canal and the Yamuna
Yamuna
River is commonly referred as Greater Faridabad. The area is being developed as a self-sustained sub-city with wide roads, tall buildings, malls, educational institutions, and health and commercial centres. Sectors 66 to 74 are Industrial Sectors whereas Sectors 75 to 89 are Residential Sectors.

Faridabad
Faridabad
is also a major industrial hub of Haryana
Haryana
. 50% of the income tax collected in Haryana
Haryana
is from Faridabad
Faridabad
and Gurgaon. Faridabad
Faridabad
is famous for henna production from the agricultural sector, while tractors, motorcycles, switch gears, refrigerators, shoes, tyres and garments constitute its primary industrial products.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 2 Geography

* 2.1 Climate

* 3 Government * 4 Administration

* 5 Economy

* 5.1 Taxation * 5.2 Agriculture * 5.3 Central government offices * 5.4 Industries * 5.5 Real Estate

* 6 Transportation and Connectivity

* 6.1 Rail * 6.2 Metro * 6.3 Road * 6.4 Airways

* 7 Demographics

* 8 Education

* 8.1 Schools * 8.2 Higher education

* 9 Healthcare

* 10 Sports

* 10.1 Cricket

* 11 Tourism

* 11.1 Badkhal Lake * 11.2 Surajkund Tourist Complex and International Crafts Fair * 11.3 Anangpur Dam

* 12 Religious Sites * 13 Utilities * 14 Environment * 15 Notable people * 16 Gallery * 17 See also * 18 Notes * 19 References * 20 External links

HISTORY

The modern phase of the city was begun under the Pakistani Refugee Resettlement Project, with the foundations of industrial development being founded here by 1950.

GEOGRAPHY

Faridabad
Faridabad
is at 28°26′N 77°19′E / 28.43°N 77.32°E / 28.43; 77.32 .

CLIMATE

FARIDABAD

CLIMATE CHART (EXPLANATION )

J F M A M J J A S O N D

15 21 8 19 23 10 21 30 15 27 36 21 29 39 26 61 39 28 214 35 27 228 34 26 100 34 25 21 33 19 5 28 13 14 22 8

Average max. and min. temperatures in °C

Precipitation totals in mm

Source: Weather 2

IMPERIAL CONVERSION

J F M A M J J A S O N D

0.6 70 46 0.7 73 50 0.8 86 59 1.1 97 70 1.1 102 79 2.4 102 82 8.4 95 81 9 93 79 3.9 93 77 0.8 91 66 0.2 82 55 0.6 72 46

Average max. and min. temperatures in °F

Precipitation totals in inches

Faridabad
Faridabad
has a borderline hot semi-arid climate (Köppen BSh) just short of a dry-winter humid subtropical climate (Cwa). The city features the three typical Indian seasons. The “hot” or pre-monsoon season last from late March to late June and is typified by sweltering and arid conditions that begin very dry but latterly turn humid. The “wet” or monsoon season is sweltering and often dangerously humid with frequent but erratic heavy rainfall. Following the retreat of the monsoon is the “cool” or winter season with warm and sunny weather producing by far the most comfortable conditions.

CLIMATE DATA FOR FARIDABAD

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) 21 (70) 23 (73) 30 (86) 36 (97) 39 (102) 39 (102) 35 (95) 34 (93) 34 (93) 33 (91) 28 (82) 22 (72) 31.2 (88)

AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) 8 (46) 10 (50) 15 (59) 21 (70) 26 (79) 28 (82) 27 (81) 26 (79) 25 (77) 19 (66) 13 (55) 8 (46) 18.8 (65.8)

AVERAGE RAINFALL MM (INCHES) 15 (0.59) 19 (0.75) 21 (0.83) 27 (1.06) 27 (1.06) 61 (2.4) 214 (8.43) 228 (8.98) 100 (3.94) 21 (0.83) 5 (0.2) 14 (0.55) 752 (29.62)

Source: Weather 2

GOVERNMENT

Although historically an Indian National Congress
Indian National Congress
stronghold, the city's namesake district is now currently represented in the Lok Sabha by Krishan Pal Gurjar (BJP), following the 2014 Indian general election .

ADMINISTRATION

The list is as below:

S. NO. DEPARTMENT TITLE POSITION HOLDER QUALIFICATION

1 Civil Deputy Commissioner & District Magistrate Sh. Sameer Pal Srow IAS

2 Civil Additional Deputy Commissioner Sh. Jitender Singh IAS

3 Judiciary District "> Amul Banas Dairy

Faridabad
Faridabad
is the largest exporter of henna (Mehandi) in India. According to the Faridabad
Faridabad
Henna Manufacturing Association, the sale of henna from Faridabad
Faridabad
is worth an estimated ₹250 crore (US$39 million)–₹300 crore (US$47 million) annually.

CENTRAL GOVERNMENT OFFICES

National Power Training Institute Corporate Office, Faridabad
Faridabad

Many directorates of different union government ministries are headquartered in Faridabad
Faridabad
including Central Ground Water Board, Department of Plant Quarantine and Central Insecticide Lab, and Union Government Offices from Haryana
Haryana
including the Commissioner of Central Excise within Department of Revenue, Government of India, Department of Explosives, and Department of Labour. The Apex Central Training Institute of the Department of Revenue, Government of India, National Academy of Customs Excise & Narcotics is located at Sector 29. The National Power Training Institute , an autonomous body under Ministry of Power , Government of India
India
has a corporate office in Faridabad. The city also hosts the National Institute of Financial Management, which serves as training academy for accounting and financial services.

Also headquartered here is NHPC Limited which is a Central PSU under Ministry of Power, Government of India
India
and the largest Hydro-power Company in India.

INDUSTRIES

Faridabad
Faridabad
is the industrial capital of Haryana
Haryana
. As of 2013, out of total 11,665 registered working factories in Haryana, 2,499 were in Faridabad
Faridabad
which was followed by Gurgaon
Gurgaon
with 2,116 factories. According to a study, growth of Faridabad
Faridabad
has been declining in last 2 decades, share of Faridabad
Faridabad
in investment is less than 1% and 93% of investment is in paper industry. The industrial contribution of Faridabad
Faridabad
to Haryana
Haryana
’s revenue was declined from 29% to 22% in 2012-13. Faridabad
Faridabad
is home to large-scale companies like India
India
Yamaha Motor Pvt. Ltd., Havells India
India
Limited, JCB India
India
Limited, Indian Oil (R&D), Larsen & Toubro (L">

REAL ESTATE

THIS SECTION IS EMPTY. You can help by adding to it . (August 2017)

TRANSPORTATION AND CONNECTIVITY

RAIL

Faridabad
Faridabad
is on the broad gauge of the New Delhi
New Delhi
- Mumbai
Mumbai
Line. New Delhi
Delhi
and Hazrat Nizammudin Railway Station is about 25 km away from Old Faridabad railway station . The trains for big cities like Mumbai , Chennai
Chennai
, Hyderabad
Hyderabad
are easily accessible from here. Local trains runs between New Delhi
New Delhi
to Faridabad.

METRO

See also: Violet Line (Delhi Metro) Delhi Metro
Delhi Metro
Violet Line

Delhi Metro
Delhi Metro
Violet Line connects Faridabad
Faridabad
with Delhi. The extension of Violet Line to Faridabad
Faridabad
was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 6 Sepetmeber 2015. There are 9 metro stations in Faridabad corridor of Delhi Metro
Delhi Metro
which are all elevated. Further Delhi
Delhi
Metro will be extended to Ballabgarh from Faridabad
Faridabad
and the work is likely to be completed by 2017. Haryana
Haryana
government is also planning to link Faridabad
Faridabad
and Gurgaon
Gurgaon
by Metro. Currently the Faridabad
Faridabad
corridor of Delhi Metro
Delhi Metro
Violet Line is the longest metro corridor in the National Capital Region (NCR) consisting of 9 stations and the total length of corridor being 14 km.

The 9 metro stations are Sarai, NHPC Chowk, Mewala Maharajpur, Sector 28, Badkal Mor, Old Faridabad, Neelam Chowk Ajronda, Bata Chowk, Escorts Mujesar Good Year and Balabgarh.

ROAD

A view of Delhi Faridabad Skyway
Delhi Faridabad Skyway

Faridabad
Faridabad
is well connected with Delhi
Delhi
through Delhi
Delhi
Faridabad
Faridabad
Skyway (Badarpur Flyover).

AIRWAYS

Faridabad
Faridabad
is served by Indira Gandhi International Airport
Indira Gandhi International Airport
, New Delhi
Delhi
which is around 35 km from Faridabad. The airport is one of the busiest airports in India
India
and provides domestic and international air connectivity.

DEMOGRAPHICS

As per 2011 census, Faridabad
Faridabad
had a population of 1,404,653 out of which males were 750,446 and females were 654,207. The literacy rate was 83.04 per cent.

EDUCATION

See also: List of education facilities in Faridabad

SCHOOLS

Faridabad
Faridabad
has a large number of private schools. Schools like Delhi Public School , Manav Rachna International School, Apeejay School and Modern Vidya Niketan, Sector 17 are among the top 10 schools in the city. Schools in Faridabad
Faridabad
are affiliated either with the All-India Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE) or the Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE) boards. The language of instruction is English or Hindi. Besides these there are many government run public schools which are administered by Haryana
Haryana
Board of School Education . There are also three Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan schools in the city which are affiliated to Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE) and are run by central government . Some of the institutes for primary and secondary education are:

* Apeejay School, Faridabad Sector 15 * Delhi
Delhi
Public School, Faridabad
Faridabad
Sector 19 * DAV Public School , Sector 14 * DAV Public School Sector 37 * Dynasty International School Sector 28 * Eicher School Sector 46 * Holy Child Public School Sector 29 (near sector 28) * John F. Kennedy Public School Sector 28 * Modern Vidya Niketan School, Aravali Hills * Ryan International School * SOS Hermann Gmeiner School, Faridabad Sector 29 * Vidya Sanskar International School

HIGHER EDUCATION

There are numerous educational institutions in Faridabad
Faridabad
that offer higher education courses. These colleges provide courses in different field like science, arts, commerce, engineering, MCA, etc. Some of the colleges that offer graduate and undergraduate courses include:

* Institute of Hotel Management, Faridabad * Lingaya\'s University * Manav Rachna International University * National Power Training Institute * Regional Centre for Biotechnology (RCB) * YMCA University of Science and Technology

HEALTHCARE

There are many private and government hospitals in Faridabad. The city also has one government medical college named Employees' State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) Medical College.

* Asian Institute of Medical Sciences * ESIC Government Medical College and Hospital * Fortis Escorts Hospital * Metro Heart Institute Hospital * QRG Central Hospital & Research Centre * Sun Flag Hospital & Research Centre * Sarvodaya Hospital * RG Stone Urology "> Nahar Singh Stadium
Nahar Singh Stadium

The cricket stadium in the city is Nahar Singh Stadium
Nahar Singh Stadium
has a seating capacity of approx. 25,000 and has hosted 8 international cricket matches and a league cricket match between Mumbai
Mumbai
Heroes and Bhojpuri Dabbang of Celebrity Cricket League .

TOURISM

BADKHAL LAKE

Dried Badkhal lake Main article: Badkhal Lake

Badkhal Lake was located in Badkhal village, 8 km from Delhi
Delhi
Border. The lake fringed by Aravalli
Aravalli
hills was a man-made embankment which has now dried up. The lake complex, spread over 40 acres, had come up in 1969. In June 2015, Haryana
Haryana
government decided to revive the Badkhal lake here to once again attract tourists.

SURAJKUND TOURIST COMPLEX AND INTERNATIONAL CRAFTS FAIR

Main article: Surajkund SurajKund International Crafts Fair, Faridabad
Faridabad

Situated at a distance of around 8 km from South Delhi. It is a 10th-century water reservoir which believed to be built by Tomar king Surajpal. Place is known for its annual fair "Surajkund International Crafts Mela". 2015 edition of fair was visited by 1.2 million visitors including 160,000 foreigners with more than 20 countries participating in fair. The Suraj Kund Lake here is surrounded by rock cut steps.

2016 edition of Surajkund International Crafts Mela will be the 30th edition and People's Republic of China will be participating in the fair. Participation of the China will be the part of agreement signed between India
India
and China in 2014 to celebrate year 2016 as "Year of China in India".

ANANGPUR DAM

Main article: Anagpur Dam Surajkund dam downstream side

The Anagpur Dam, located close to the Anagpur village (also called Arangpur) in Faridabad district of Haryana
Haryana
, India, is 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) away from the more famous Surajkund .

This unique Indian hydraulic engineering structure was built during the reign of King Anangpal of the Tomar dynasty in 8th century. It is approachable by road from Delhi
Delhi
from the Delhi
Delhi
- Mathura
Mathura
road. The ruins of the fortifications found in Anangpur village establishes by an inference that it was built by Anangpal as part of the Lal Kot that was developed as the first city of Delhi
Delhi
in the 8th century.

RELIGIOUS SITES

* Shri 1008 Parshvanath Digambar Jain Mandir in Sector 16 * Jharna Mandir village Mohabbtabad * Nagashri Temple-village Sihi * Peer Ratan Nath Dargah Mandir near 5 no. * Sai Baba Mandir

UTILITIES

Faridabad
Faridabad
has been selected as one of the 100 Smart Cities in India
India
. A live talk show on making Faridabad
Faridabad
‘a smart city’ was organised at Municipal Corporation's Auditorium. Haryana
Haryana
Power Generation Corporation Ltd (HPGCL) is setting up a solar power plant at the site of a defunct thermal power plant in Faridabad. The power generator plans to set up the plant over 151.78 acres near Bata Chowk in the district that generated coal based energy in the past.

ENVIRONMENT

A petition was filed with National Green Tribunal (NGT) for protection of Aravalli
Aravalli
from Faridabad
Faridabad
waste disposal.

NOTABLE PEOPLE

* Rahul Dalal , b 1992 - cricketer * Himani Kapoor , b 1988 - singer * Sonu Nigam , b 1973 - playback singer * Ajay Ratra , b 1981 - former international cricketer * Mahesh Rawat , b 1985 - cricketer * Anisa Sayyed - shooter * Richa Sharma , b 1980 - playback and devotional singer * Rahul Tewatia - cricketer -Haryana-Kings Xl Punjab - from Sihi Village

GALLERY

*

Replica of Muketshwar temple gate of Odisha at Surajkund mela

SEE ALSO

Wikimedia Commons has media related to FARIDABAD .

* Karoh Peak * Madhogarh, Haryana
Haryana
* Dabua * List of Monuments of National Importance in Haryana
Haryana
* List of State Protected Monuments in Haryana
Haryana
* List of National Parks -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;">

* ^ A B "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India
India
2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 10 October 2015. * ^ A B C D The Tribune, Chandigarh, India
India
- Delhi
Delhi
and neighbourhood * ^ Faridabad
Faridabad
in 2nd smart city list * ^ "Acme Spaces". acmespaces.com. Archived from the original on 24 November 2015. * ^ "The Tribune". 28 December 2005. * ^ A B "District Faridabad". http://faridabad.nic.in/. Accessed April 2016.. * ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Faridabad, Fallingrain.com * ^ A B "August Climate History for Faridabad". Weather 2. Retrieved 5 August 2013. * ^ Administration, faridabad.nic.in, archived from the original on 30 July 2015 * ^ "Why only 98 cities instead of 100 announced: All questions answered about smart cities project". Firstpost. * ^ Sharma, Sumedha (18 October 2015), ‘Smart’ Faridabad
Faridabad
seeks monetary help from Gurgaon, Gurgaon: The Tribune , Tribune News Service * ^ A B 70% of Haryana’s investment comes from Gurgaon, says industry body, Hindustan Times
Hindustan Times
, 9 October 2015 * ^ Faridabad\'s henna industry dying due to stiff competition from other countries and state policy - timesofindia-economictimes * ^ Central Ground Water Board, Ministry of Water Resources, RD &GR Government of India
India
* ^ HOME, Npti Delhi, 2012-03-25, retrieved 2015-10-31 * ^ "National Institute of Financial Management". * ^ NHPC Ltd * ^ " File
File
not found". * ^ Manohar, Asit (26 March 2012). "IOC Faridabad
Faridabad
unit to pump in bio-fuel; R&D unit gearing to reduce pressure on conventional fuel". Times of India. * ^ L&T-Gulf Private Limited Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ http://faridabad.nic.in/fbdnew/industriallsi.htm * ^ Abhishek Law. "Eye-wear e-tailer Lenskart looks at 150% growth this fiscal". The Hindu
The Hindu
Business Line. * ^ "Faridabad: Rents climbing, sleepy town is hot property". The Times of India. * ^ "बाइक से लेकर हवाई जहाज तक के पुर्जे बनते फरीदाबाद में", Amar Ujala * ^ " Gurgaon
Gurgaon
scores over Delhi
Delhi
as real estate destination", The Hindu , 2 February 2016 * ^ A B Municipal Corporation Faridabad
Faridabad
(2015), Faridabad Connectivity * ^ "PM Narendra Modi travels by Delhi
Delhi
Metro", The Economic Times
The Economic Times
, 6 September 2015 * ^ " Faridabad
Faridabad
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Haryana
cabinet approves extension of Delhi Metro
Delhi Metro
till Ballabgarh", The Times of India
India
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Faridabad
metro", India
India
Today , 1 September 2015 * ^ "Metro Service To Be Extended Up To Greater Faridabad: Manohar Lal Khattar", NDTV
NDTV
, 6 February 2016 * ^ "Faridabad- Gurgaon
Gurgaon
Metro link set to become reality", Tribuneindia.com, 2014-12-16 * ^ "NCR’s longest Metro line in Faridabad
Faridabad
delhi", Hindustan Times , 2012-01-23 * ^ " Faridabad
Faridabad
Metro Corridor - Press Brief", delhimetrorail.com * ^ DFSKYWAY About DF SkyWay - The Project Archived 12 August 2015 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ "Two bridges across Yamuna
Yamuna
to link Noida and Haryana". The Times of India. Retrieved 27 July 2015. * ^ "Nod for road joining Greater Noida, Faridabad". The Times of India. Retrieved 27 July 2015. * ^ Tiwary, A K, Connectivity, smooth traffic, REAL GROWTH! FNG Expressway will be a boon for daily commuters once it is complete; also, it is emerging as a growth corridor for real estate development.

* ^ "New E-Way To Link Noida With Faridabad
Faridabad
- Times of India
India
- 3-July-2014", RebelMouse, archived from the original on 27 January 2016, retrieved 27 July 2015 * ^ Kalindi Kunj bypass gets a go ahead at last, retrieved 27 July 2015 * ^ http://sofindia.indiatimes.com/city/delhi/Lieutenant-governor-clears-Kalindi-Kunj-bypass/articleshow/26757418.cms * ^ "Indira Gandhi Delhi
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Faridabad
on way to revival, The Times of India , PTI , 8 June 2015 * ^ CM at BJP rally may look at Badkhal lake revival, Tribune, 7 June 2015 * ^ "Badkhal lake in Faridabad
Faridabad
on way to revival". The Times of India. * ^ Vijay Kumar Gupta (1987). Tourism in India. Gyan Publishing House. pp. 27–. ISBN 978-81-212-0124-7 . * ^ "Suraj Kund - Ticketed Monument - Archaeological Survey of India". Asi.nic.in. Retrieved 2015-10-31. * ^ Haryana
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Archived 21 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
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.. D2i.in. Retrieved on 2012-01-10. * ^ "China to showcase artifacts in Haryana\'s Surajkund fair Business Standard News". Business-standard.com. Retrieved 2015-10-31. * ^ Sharma, Y.D (2001). Delhi
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and its Neighbourhood. Surjakund and Anagpur Dam. New Delhi: Archaeological Survey of India. pp. 100–161. Archived from the original on 26 April 2003. Retrieved 5 September 2009. Page 100:Suraj Kund lies about 3 km south-east of Tughlaqabad in district Gurgaon---The reservoir is believed to have been constructed in the tenth century by King Surjapal of Tomar dynasty, whose existence is based on Bardic tradition. Page 101: About 2 km south-west of Surajkund, close to the village of Anagpur (also called Arangpur is a dam ascribed to Anagpal of the Tomar Dynasty, who is also credited with building the Lal Kot * ^ Peck, Lucy (2005). Delhi
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- A thousand years of Building. Suraj Kund dam and Surajkund tank. New Delhi: Roli Books Pvt Ltd. p. 29. ISBN 81-7436-354-8 . Archived from the original on 2006-03-12. Retrieved 2009-09-05. One of the two significant structures in the area, the dam lies about 1 km to the north of the Anangpur village. A path from the main village street will lead you in to flat pastureland. Head for the small rocky hill ahead of you and climb over it. On the other side is another flat area, rather thickly covered in thorn trees. It is worth finding a way through them to the dam that straddles the gap between the two nearby hills. The dam is an impressive edifice 50 m wide and 7 m high built from accurately hewn quartzite blocks.---There is a passage for the egress of water at the level of the ground on the dammed side. The flat land across which you have walked is clearly caused by centuries of silt deposits in the lake that once existed behind this dam. The land around has been vwey heavily quarried recently, so further archaeological finds are unlikely. * ^ Anangpur Dam, archived from the original on 25 November 2009 * ^ "Digamber Jain Temples in Faridabad