FAREED RAFIQ ZAKARIA (/fəˈriːd zəˈkɑːriə/ ; born January 20,
1964) is an
Indian American journalist and author. He is the host of
Fareed Zakaria GPS and writes a weekly column for The
Washington Post . He has been a columnist for
Newsweek , editor of
Newsweek International , and an editor at large of Time . He is the
author of five books, three of them international bestsellers, and the
co-editor of one.
* 1 Early life
* 2 Career
* 3 Political views
* 4 Honors and awards
* 5 Controversies
* 5.1 Role in the 2003 Invasion of Iraq
* 5.2 Debate on the
Park51 Islamic Center
* 5.3 Plagiarism allegations
* 6 Personal life
* 7 Bibliography
* 8 See also
* 9 References
* 10 External links
Zakaria was born in Mumbai, India, to a Konkani Muslim family. His
Rafiq Zakaria , was a politician associated with the Indian
National Congress and an
Islamic theologian . His mother, Fatima
Zakaria , was his father's second wife. She was for a time the editor
of the Sunday Times of
Zakaria attended the
Cathedral and John Connon School in Mumbai. He
graduated with a Bachelor of Arts from
Yale University in 1986, where
he was president of the
Yale Political Union , editor in chief of the
Yale Political Monthly , a member of the
Scroll and Key society, and a
member of the Party of the Right . He later gained a doctor of
philosophy degree in government from
Harvard University in 1993,
where he studied under
Samuel P. Huntington and
Stanley Hoffmann , as
well as international relations theorist
Robert Keohane .
After directing a research project on American foreign policy at
Harvard , Zakaria became the managing editor of
Foreign Affairs in
1992, at the age of 28. Under his guidance, the magazine was
redesigned and moved from a quarterly to a bimonthly schedule. He
served as an adjunct professor at
Columbia University , where he
taught a seminar on international relations . In October 2000, he was
named editor of
Newsweek International , and became a weekly
columnist for Newsweek. In August 2010 he moved to Time to serve as
editor at-large and columnist. He writes a weekly column for The
Washington Post and is a contributing editor for the Atlantic Media
group, which includes
The Atlantic Monthly .
He has published on a variety of subjects for
The New York Times
The New York Times ,
The Wall Street Journal
The Wall Street Journal ,
The New Yorker
The New Yorker ,
The New Republic . For a
brief period, he was a wine columnist for the web magazine Slate .
Zakaria is the author of From Wealth to Power: The Unusual Origins of
America's World Role (Princeton, 1998),
The Future of Freedom (Norton,
The Post-American World (2008), and In Defense of a Liberal
Education (Norton, 2015). He co-edited The American Encounter: The
United States and the Making of the Modern World (Basic Books) with
James F. Hoge Jr. His last two books have both been New York Times
bestsellers and have been translated into more than 25 languages. In
2011 an updated and expanded edition of The Post-American World
("Release 2.0") was published.
Zakaria was a news analyst with ABC 's This Week with George
Stephanopoulos (2002–2007) where he was a member of the Sunday
morning roundtable. He hosted the weekly TV news show, Foreign
Fareed Zakaria on
PBS (2005–08). His weekly show,
Fareed Zakaria GPS (Global Public Square), premiered on
CNN in June
2008. It airs twice weekly in the United States and four times weekly
CNN International, reaching over 200 million homes. It celebrated
its 8th anniversary on June 5, 2016, as announced on the weekly
foreign affairs show on CNN.
In 2013 he became one of the producers for the
HBO series Vice , for
which he serves as a consultant.
Zakaria self-identifies as a "centrist ", though he has been
described variously as a political liberal , a conservative , a
moderate, or a radical centrist .
George Stephanopoulos said of him
in 2003, "He's so well versed in politics, and he can't be
pigeonholed. I can't be sure whenever I turn to him where he's going
to be coming from or what he's going to say." Zakaria wrote in
February 2008 that "Conservatism grew powerful in the 1970s and 1980s
because it proposed solutions appropriate to the problems of the age",
adding that "a new world requires new thinking". He supported Barack
Obama during the 2008 Democratic primary campaign and also for
president. In January 2009
Forbes referred to Zakaria as one of the 25
most influential liberals in the
American media . Zakaria has stated
that he tries not to be devoted to any type of ideology, saying "I
feel that's part of my job... which is not to pick sides but to
explain what I think is happening on the ground. I can't say, 'This is
my team and I'm going to root for them no matter what they do.'"
Fareed Zakaria at
World Economic Forum
World Economic Forum 2006,
Davos , Switzerland
(second from the right)
As a student at
Yale University in the mid 1980s, Zakaria opposed
anti-apartheid divestment and argued that Yale should not divest from
its holdings in
South Africa .
Zakaria "may have more intellectual range and insights than any other
public thinker in the West," wrote David Shribman in The Boston Globe
. In 2003, former Secretary of State
Henry Kissinger told New York
Magazine that Zakaria “has a first-class mind and likes to say
things that run against conventional wisdom.” However, in 2011, the
The New Republic included him in a list of "over-rated
thinkers" and commented, "There's something suspicious about a thinker
always so perfectly in tune with the moment."
Zakaria's books include
The Future of Freedom and The Post-American
The Future of Freedom argues that what is defined as democracy
in the Western world is actually "liberal democracy ", a combination
of constitutional liberalism and participatory politics. Zakaria
points out that protection of liberty and the rule of law actually
preceded popular elections by centuries in Western Europe, and that
when countries only adopt elections without the protection of liberty,
they create "illiberal democracy". The Post-American World, published
in 2008 before the financial crisis, argued that the most important
trend of modern times is the "rise of the rest," the economic
emergence of China, India, Brazil, and other countries.
From 2006, Zakaria has also criticized what he views as "fear-based"
American policies employed not only in combating terrorism, but also
in enforcing immigration and drug smuggling laws, and has argued in
favor of decriminalization of drugs and citizenship for presently
illegal immigrants to the United States of all backgrounds.
Referring to his views on
Leon Wieseltier described Zakaria as
a "consummate spokesman for the shibboleths of the
White House and for
the smooth new worldliness, the at-the-highest-levels impatience with
democracy and human rights as central objectives of our foreign
policy, that now characterize advanced liberal thinking about
America's role in the world."
Before the 2008 U.S. presidential election, Zakaria endorsed Barack
Obama on his
CNN program. In May 2011
The New York Times
The New York Times reported
that President Obama has "sounded out prominent journalists like
Fareed Zakaria ... and Thomas L. Friedman " concerning Middle East
Fareed Zakaria and
Vladimir Putin at St. Petersburg
International Economic Forum , 17 June 2016
After the 9/11 attacks, in a
Newsweek cover essay, "Why They Hate
Us," Zakaria argued that Islamic extremism was not fundamentally
rooted in Islam, nor could it be claimed a reaction to American
foreign policy. He located the problem in the
political-social-economic stagnation of Arab societies, which then
bred an extreme, religious opposition. He portrayed Osama bin Laden as
one in a long line of extremists who used religion to justify mass
murder. Zakaria argued for an intergenerational effort to create more
open and dynamic societies in Arab countries, and thereby helping
Islam enter the modern world.
Zakaria initially supported the
2003 invasion of Iraq . He said at
the time, "The place is so dysfunctional ... any stirring of the pot
is good. America's involvement in the region is for the good." He
argued for a United Nations–sanctioned operation with a much larger
force—approximately 400,000 troops—than was actually employed by
the administration of President
George W. Bush
George W. Bush . However, he soon
became a critic. In addition to objecting to the war plan, he
frequently criticized the way the Bush administration was running the
occupation of Iraq . He argued against the disbanding of the army and
bureaucracy yet supported the de-Baathification programs. He
continued to argue that a functioning democracy in Iraq would be a
powerful new model for Arab politics but suggested that an honest
accounting would have to say that the costs of the invasion had been
much higher than the benefits. He opposed the Iraq surge in March
2007, writing that it would work militarily but not politically, still
leaving Iraq divided among its three communities. Instead he advocated
that Washington push hard for a political settlement between the Sunni
Arabs, Shia Arabs, and Kurds, and begin a reduction in forces to only
60,000 troops. He later wrote that the surge "succeeded" militarily
but that it did not produce a political compact and that Iraq remains
divided along sectarian lines, undermining its unity, democracy, and
Zakaria supported the April 2017 U.S. missile strike against a Syrian
government–controlled airbase. Zakaria praised
President Trump 's
strike and said it was the moment " became president of the United
HONORS AND AWARDS
Zakaria has been nominated five times for the National Magazine
Award, and won it once, for his columns and commentary. His show has
Peabody Award and been nominated for several Emmys. He was
India Abroad Person of the Year 2008 award on 20 March 2009,
in New York. Filmmaker
Mira Nair , who won the award for year 2007,
honored her successor.
He has received honorary degrees from
Harvard University , Brown
Duke University ,
Johns Hopkins University
Johns Hopkins University , the
University of Miami
University of Miami ,
Oberlin College ,
Bates College , and the
University of Oklahoma
University of Oklahoma among others. He was the 2000 Annual Orator of
Philomathean Society of the
University of Pennsylvania .
In January 2010, Zakaria was given the
Padma Bhushan award by the
Indian government for his contribution to the field of journalism.
He serves on the board of the Council on Foreign Relations, the New
America Foundation, Columbia University's International House, City
College of New York's Colin Powell School for Civic and Global
Leadership, and Shakespeare and Company. He was a trustee of Yale
University and the Trilateral Commission.
ROLE IN THE 2003 INVASION OF IRAQ
In his 2006 book
State of Denial ,
Washington Post journalist Bob
Woodward described a 29 November 2001, meeting of Middle East
analysts, including Zakaria, that was convened at the request of the
then Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul Wolfowitz . According to a New
York Times story on Woodward's book, the Wolfowitz meeting ultimately
produced a report for President
George W. Bush
George W. Bush that supported the
subsequent invasion of Iraq . Zakaria, however, later told The New
York Times that he had briefly attended what he thought was "a
brainstorming session". He was not told that a report would be
prepared for the President, and in fact, the report did not have his
name on it. The Times issued a correction.
DEBATE ON THE PARK51 ISLAMIC CENTER
In 2010, in protest at the
Anti-Defamation League 's opposition to
the building of the
Park51 mosque and Islamic cultural center two
blocks from the
World Trade Center site , Zakaria returned the Hubert
H. Humphrey First Amendment Freedoms Prize awarded to him by the ADL
in 2005. He declared that the ADL's opposition to the mosque meant
that he could not "in good conscience keep anymore". In support of
his decision, he stated that the larger issue in the controversy is
freedom of religion in America, even while acknowledging that he is
not a religious person. He also wrote that a "moderate, mainstream
version of Islam" is essential to winning the war on terror, and that
moves like the ADL's make it harder for such a moderate version of
Islam to emerge and thrive. On 8 August 2010, edition of Fareed
Zakaria GPS , Zakaria addressed the issue, stating that in returning
his award, he had hoped that the ADL would reconsider their stance.
Fareed Zakaria in 2013
Zakaria was suspended for a week in August 2012 while Time and CNN
investigated an allegation of plagiarism involving an August 20
column on gun control with similarities to a New Yorker article by
Jill Lepore . In a statement Zakaria apologized, saying that he had
made "a terrible mistake." Six days later, after a review of his
research notes and years of prior commentary, Time and
Zakaria. Time described the incident as "isolated" and
CNN "... found nothing that merited continuing
The controversy was reignited in September 2014, when Esquire and The
Week magazines reported on allegations made in pseudonymous blogs.
Newsweek initially added a blanket warning to its archive of articles
penned by Zakaria, but after an investigation of his several hundred
columns for the magazine, found improper citation in only seven.
Similarly, after allegations surfaced on
Twitter regarding the
originality of one of Zakaria's columns for Slate, the online magazine
appended a notice to the article indicating that, "This piece does not
meet Slate’s editorial standards, having failed to properly
attribute quotations and information...". However, Slate
Jacob Weisberg , who had, months before, exchanged
barbs with one of the aforementioned anonymous bloggers on
defense of Zakaria, maintained his original position that what
Zakaria did was not plagiarism.
Corrections to selected Zakaria columns were also issued by The
Washington Post, which had responded to the initial allegations by
telling the Poynter media industry news site that it would
investigate. Later on the same day, November 10, the Post said that
it had found "problematic" sourcing in five Zakaria columns, "and will
likely note the lack of attribution in archived editions of the
articles." However, editors at
The Washington Post
The Washington Post and Newsweek
denied that Zakaria's errors constituted plagiarism.
Zakaria is a naturalized American citizen. He currently resides in
New York City
New York City with his wife, the jewelry designer Paula Throckmorton
Zakaria, son Omar, and daughters Lila and Sofia. Zakaria is a
self-described secular and nonpracticing Muslim. He added: "My views
on faith are complicated—somewhere between deism and agnosticism. I
am completely secular in my outlook."
* In Defense of a Liberal Education, Fareed Zakaria, (W.W. Norton
2015) ISBN 978-0-393-24768-8
* The Post-American World, Release 2.0, Fareed Zakaria, (W.W. Norton
2011) ISBN 0-393-08180-X
The Post-American World , Fareed Zakaria, (W.W. Norton 2008) ISBN
The Future of Freedom : Illiberal Democracy at Home and Abroad,
Fareed Zakaria, (W.W. Norton 2003) ISBN 0-393-04764-4
* From Wealth to Power, Fareed Zakaria, (Princeton University Press;
1998) ISBN 0-691-04496-1
* The American Encounter: The United States and the Making of the
Modern World Essays from 75 Years of Foreign Affairs, edited by James
F. Hoge and Fareed Zakaria, (Basic Books; 1997) ISBN 0-465-00170-X
* Asian Indians in the
New York City
New York City metropolitan region
* List of
Yale University people
* List of
Harvard University people
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Published 6 November 2008.
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* ^ Interview with Fareed Zakaria, Part 1,
The Daily Show with Jon
Stewart, 28 March 2006: "We are not going to deport them (illegal
immigrants)—no democracy would..."Most of these , almost all of
them, couldn't do anything...that would break the law. The minute they
do that, they would be deported."
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Fareed Zakaria (1 June 2003). "Giving Peace a Real Chance".
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Post. Retrieved 2010-05-03.
Fareed Zakaria (6 June 2009). "Zakaria: How to End in Iraq".
Newsweek. Retrieved 2010-10-01.
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last night". The Washington Times. Retrieved 2017-05-02.
* ^ 71st Annual Peabody Awards, May 2012
* ^ "rediff.com:
Fareed Zakaria is
India Abroad Person of the
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* ^ Koch, Katie; Corydon Ireland; Alvin Powell; Colleen Walsh (24
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Retrieved 26 May 2012.
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The New York Times
The New York Times . Retrieved 2007-01-16.
* ^ Quote: "An article in Business Day on Oct. 9 about journalists
who attended a secret meeting in November 2001 called by Paul D.
Wolfowitz, then the deputy secretary of defense, referred incorrectly
to the participation of Fareed Zakaria, the editor of Newsweek
International and a
Newsweek columnist. Mr. Zakaria was not told that
the meeting would produce a report for the Bush administration, nor
did his name appear on the report."
* ^ Zakaria, Fareed (6 August 2010). "Build the Ground Zero
Mosque". Newsweek. Retrieved 7 August 2010.
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* ^ "
CNN Does Not Get to Cherrypick the Rules of Journalism".
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* ^ "Editor’s note". Slate. 10 November 2014.
* ^ "
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Gawker. 29 September 2014. Archived from the original on 1 November
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* ^ "6 of Zakaria’s
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* ^ "Post finds problematic sourcing in some Zakaria columns". The
Washington Post. 10 November 2014.
* ^ Zakaria, Fareed (July 15, 2001). "America Doesn\'t Need
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* ^ Zakaria, Fareed (December 10, 2015). "I am a Muslim. But
Trump’s views appall me because I am an American.". The Washington
Post. Retrieved December 13, 2015.
* ^ Zakaria, Fareed (December 12, 2015). "Fareed\'s Take: Why
Trump\'s rhetoric is dangerous".
Fareed Zakaria GPS. CNN. Retrieved
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