FAREED RAFIQ ZAKARIA (/fəˈriːd zəˈkɑːriə/ ; born January 20, 1964) is an Indian-American journalist and author. He is the host of CNN 's _ Fareed Zakaria GPS _ and writes a weekly column for _The Washington Post ._ He has been a columnist for _ Newsweek _, editor of _ Newsweek International _, and an editor-at-large of _Time ._ He is the author of five books, three of them international bestsellers, and the co-editor of one.
* 1 Early life * 2 Career * 3 Political views * 4 Honors and awards
* 5 Controversies
* 5.1 Role in the 2003 Invasion of Iraq * 5.2 Debate on the Park51 Islamic Center * 5.3 Plagiarism allegations
* 6 Personal life * 7 Bibliography * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 External links
Zakaria was born in Mumbai, India, to a Konkani Muslim family. His father, Rafiq Zakaria , was a politician associated with the Indian National Congress and an Islamic theologian . His mother, Fatima Zakaria , was his father's second wife. She was for a time the editor of the _Sunday Times of India _.
Zakaria attended the Cathedral and John Connon School in Mumbai. He graduated with a Bachelor of Arts from Yale University in 1986, where he was president of the Yale Political Union , editor-in-chief of the _ Yale Political Monthly ,_ a member of the Scroll and Key society, and a member of the Party of the Right . He later gained a Doctor of Philosophy degree in Government from Harvard University in 1993, where he studied under Samuel P. Huntington and Stanley Hoffmann , as well as international relations theorist Robert Keohane .
After directing a research project on American foreign policy at Harvard , Zakaria became the managing editor of _ Foreign Affairs _ in 1992, at the age of 28. Under his guidance, the magazine was redesigned and moved from a quarterly to a bimonthly schedule. He served as an Adjunct Professor at Columbia University , where he taught a seminar on international relations . In October 2000, he was named editor of _ Newsweek International _, and became a weekly columnist for _Newsweek_. In August 2010 he moved to _Time _ to serve as Editor-at-Large and columnist. He writes a weekly column for the _ Washington Post _ and is a contributing editor for the Atlantic Media group, which includes the _ Atlantic Monthly ._
He has published on a variety of subjects for the _ New York Times _, the _ Wall Street Journal _, _ The New Yorker _, _ The New Republic ._ For a brief period, he was a wine columnist for the web magazine _Slate ._
Zakaria is the author of _From Wealth to Power: The Unusual Origins of America's World Role_ (Princeton, 1998), _ The Future of Freedom _ (Norton, 2003), _ The Post-American World _ (2008), and _In Defense of a Liberal Education_ (Norton, 2015). He co-edited _The American Encounter: The United States and the Making of the Modern World_ (Basic Books) with James F. Hoge, Jr. His last two books have both been New York Times bestsellers, and have been translated into more than 25 languages. In 2011, an updated and expanded edition of _The Post-American World_ ("Release 2.0") was published.
Zakaria was a news analyst with ABC 's _This Week with George Stephanopoulos _ (2002–2007) where he was a member of the Sunday morning roundtable. He hosted the weekly TV news show, _Foreign Exchange with Fareed Zakaria _ on PBS (2005–08). His weekly show, _ Fareed Zakaria GPS _ (_Global Public Square_), premiered on CNN in June 2008. It airs twice weekly in the United States and four times weekly on CNN International, reaching over 200 million homes. It recently celebrated its 8th anniversary on June 5, 2016 as announced on the weekly foreign affairs show on CNN.
In 2013 he became one of the producers for the HBO series _Vice _, for which he serves as a consultant.
Zakaria self-identifies as a "centrist ", though he has been described variously as a political liberal , a conservative , a moderate, or a radical centrist . George Stephanopoulos said of him in 2003, "He's so well versed in politics, and he can't be pigeonholed. I can't be sure whenever I turn to him where he's going to be coming from or what he's going to say." Zakaria wrote in February 2008 that "Conservatism grew powerful in the 1970s and 1980s because it proposed solutions appropriate to the problems of the age", adding that "a new world requires new thinking". He supported Barack Obama during the 2008 Democratic primary campaign and also for president. In January 2009 _ Forbes _ referred to Zakaria as one of the 25 most influential liberals in the American media . Zakaria has stated that he tries not to be devoted to any type of ideology, saying "I feel that's part of my job... which is not to pick sides but to explain what I think is happening on the ground. I can't say, 'This is my team and I'm going to root for them no matter what they do.'" Fareed Zakaria at World Economic Forum 2006, Davos , Switzerland (second from the right)
Zakaria "may have more intellectual range and insights than any other public thinker in the West," wrote David Shribman in _The Boston Globe _. In 2003, former Secretary of State Henry Kissinger told _New York Magazine _ that Zakaria “has a first-class mind and likes to say things that run against conventional wisdom.” However, in 2011, the editors of _ The New Republic _ included him in a list of "over-rated thinkers" and commented, "There's something suspicious about a thinker always so perfectly in tune with the moment."
Zakaria's books include _ The Future of Freedom _ and _The Post-American World _. _The Future of Freedom_ argues that what is defined as democracy in the Western world is actually "liberal democracy ", a combination of constitutional liberalism and participatory politics. Zakaria points out that protection of liberty and the rule of law actually preceded popular elections by centuries in Western Europe, and that when countries only adopt elections without the protection of liberty, they create "illiberal democracy". _The Post-American World_, published in 2008 before the financial crisis, argued that the most important trend of modern times is the "rise of the rest," the economic emergence of China, India, Brazil, and other countries.
From 2006, Zakaria has also criticized what he views as "fear-based" American policies employed not only in combating terrorism, but also in enforcing immigration and drug smuggling laws, and has argued in favor of decriminalization of drugs and citizenship for presently illegal immigrants to the United States of all backgrounds. Referring to his views on Iran , Leon Wieseltier described Zakaria as a "consummate spokesman for the shibboleths of the White House and for the smooth new worldliness, the at-the-highest-levels impatience with democracy and human rights as central objectives of our foreign policy, that now characterize advanced liberal thinking about America's role in the world."
Before the 2008 US Presidential election, Zakaria endorsed Barack Obama on his CNN program. In May 2011 _The New York Times _ reported that President Obama has "sounded out prominent journalists like Fareed Zakaria ... and Thomas L. Friedman " concerning Middle East issues. Fareed Zakaria and Vladimir Putin at St. Petersburg International Economic Forum , 17 June 2016
After the 9/11 attacks, in a _Newsweek_ cover essay, "Why They Hate Us," Zakaria argued that Islamic extremism was not fundamentally rooted in Islam, nor could it be claimed a reaction to American foreign policy. He located the problem in the political-social-economic stagnation of Arab societies, which then bred an extreme, religious opposition. He portrayed Osama bin Laden as one in a long line of extremists who used religion to justify mass murder. Zakaria argued for an inter-generational effort to create more open and dynamic societies in Arab countries, and thereby helping Islam enter the modern world.
Zakaria initially supported the 2003 invasion of Iraq . He said at the time, "The place is so dysfunctional... any stirring of the pot is good. America's involvement in the region is for the good." He argued for a United Nations-sanctioned operation with a much larger force—approximately 400,000 troops—than was actually employed by the administration of President George W. Bush . However, he soon became a critic. In addition to objecting to the war plan, he frequently criticized the way the Bush administration was running the occupation of Iraq . He argued against the disbanding of the army and bureaucracy yet supported the de-Baathification programs. He continued to argue that a functioning democracy in Iraq would be a powerful new model for Arab politics, but suggested that an honest accounting would have to say that the costs of the invasion had been much higher than the benefits. He opposed the Iraq surge in March 2007, writing that it would work militarily but not politically, still leaving Iraq divided among its three communities. Instead he advocated that Washington push hard for a political settlement between the Sunni Arabs, Shia Arabs, and Kurds, and begin a reduction in forces to only 60,000 troops. He later wrote that the surge "succeeded" militarily but that it did not produce a political compact and that Iraq remains divided along sectarian lines, undermining its unity, democracy, and legacy.
Zakaria supported the April 2017 US missile strike against a Syrian government controlled airbase. Zakaria praised President Trump 's strike and said it was the moment " became president of the United States.”
HONORS AND AWARDS
Zakaria has been nominated five times for the National Magazine Award, and won it once, for his columns and commentary. His show has won a Peabody Award and been nominated for several Emmys. He was conferred _ India Abroad _ Person of the Year 2008 award on 20 March 2009, in New York. Filmmaker Mira Nair , who won the award for year 2007, honored her successor.
He has received honorary degrees from Harvard University , Brown University , Duke University , Johns Hopkins University , the University of Miami , Oberlin College , Bates College , and the University of Oklahoma among others. He was the 2000 Annual Orator of the Philomathean Society of the University of Pennsylvania .
In January 2010, Zakaria was given the Padma Bhushan award by the Indian government for his contribution to the field of journalism.
He serves on the board of the Council on Foreign Relations, the New America Foundation, Columbia University's International House, City College of New York's Colin Powell School for Civic and Global Leadership, and Shakespeare and Company. He was a trustee of Yale University and the Trilateral Commission.
ROLE IN THE 2003 INVASION OF IRAQ
In his 2006 book _ State of Denial _, _ Washington Post _ journalist Bob Woodward described a 29 November 2001, meeting of Middle East analysts, including Zakaria, that was convened at the request of the then Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul Wolfowitz . According to a _New York Times _ story on Woodward's book, the Wolfowitz meeting ultimately produced a report for President George W. Bush that supported the subsequent invasion of Iraq . Zakaria, however, later told _The New York Times_ that he had briefly attended what he thought was "a brainstorming session". He was not told that a report would be prepared for the President, and in fact, the report did not have his name on it. The _Times_ issued a correction.
DEBATE ON THE PARK51 ISLAMIC CENTER
In 2010, in protest at the Anti-Defamation League 's opposition to the building of the Park51 mosque and Islamic cultural center two blocks from the World Trade Center site , Zakaria returned the Hubert H. Humphrey First Amendment Freedoms Prize awarded to him by the ADL in 2005. He declared that the ADL's opposition to the mosque meant that he could not "in good conscience keep anymore". In support of his decision, he stated that the larger issue in the controversy is freedom of religion in America, even while acknowledging that he is not a religious person. He also wrote that a "moderate, mainstream version of Islam" is essential to winning the war on terror, and that moves like the ADL's make it harder for such a moderate version of Islam to emerge and thrive. On 8 August 2010, edition of _Fareed Zakaria GPS _, Zakaria addressed the issue, stating that in returning his award, he had hoped that the ADL would reconsider their stance.
Fareed Zakaria in 2013
Zakaria was suspended for a week in August 2012 while _Time_ and CNN investigated an allegation of plagiarism involving an August 20 column on gun control with similarities to a _New Yorker_ article by Jill Lepore . In a statement Zakaria apologized, saying that he had made "a terrible mistake." Six days later, after a review of his research notes and years of prior commentary, _Time_ and CNN reinstated Zakaria. _Time_ described the incident as "isolated" and "unintentional"; and CNN "... found nothing that merited continuing the suspension...."
The controversy was reignited in September 2014, when _Esquire _ and _ The Week _ magazines reported on allegations made in pseudonymous blogs. _Newsweek_ initially added a blanket warning to its archive of articles penned by Zakaria, but after an investigation of his several hundred columns for the magazine, found improper citation in only seven. Similarly, after allegations surfaced on Twitter regarding the originality of one of Zakaria's columns for _Slate_, the online magazine appended a notice to the article indicating that, "This piece does not meet Slate’s editorial standards, having failed to properly attribute quotations and information...". However, _Slate_ Editor-in-Chief Jacob Weisberg , who had, months before, exchanged barbs with one of the aforementioned anonymous bloggers on Twitter in defense of Zakaria, maintained his original position that what Zakaria did was not plagiarism.
Corrections to selected Zakaria columns were also issued by _The Washington Post_, which had responded to the initial allegations by telling the _Poynter _ media industry news site that it would investigate. Later on the same day, November 10, the _Post_ said that it had found "problematic" sourcing in five Zakaria columns, "and will likely note the lack of attribution in archived editions of the articles." However, editors at the _Washington Post_ and _Newsweek_ denied that Zakaria's errors constituted plagiarism.
Zakaria is a naturalized American citizen. He currently resides in New York City with his wife, the jewelry designer Paula Throckmorton Zakaria, son Omar, and daughters Lila and Sofia. Zakaria is a self-described secular and non-practicing Muslim. He added: "My views on faith are complicated — somewhere between deism and agnosticism. I am completely secular in my outlook."
* _In Defense of a Liberal Education_, Fareed Zakaria, (W.W. Norton 2015) ISBN 978-0-393-24768-8 * _The Post-American World, Release 2.0_, Fareed Zakaria, (W.W. Norton 2011) ISBN 0-393-08180-X * _ The Post-American World _, Fareed Zakaria, (W.W. Norton 2008) ISBN 0-393-06235-X * _ The Future of Freedom : Illiberal Democracy at Home and Abroad_, Fareed Zakaria, (W.W. Norton 2003) ISBN 0-393-04764-4 * _From Wealth to Power_, Fareed Zakaria, (Princeton University Press; 1998) ISBN 0-691-04496-1 * _The American Encounter: The United States and the Making of the Modern World Essays from 75 Years of Foreign Affairs_, edited by James F. Hoge and Fareed Zakaria, (Basic Books; 1997) ISBN 0-465-00170-X
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