FAREED RAFIQ ZAKARIA (/fəˈriːd zəˈkɑːriə/ ; born January 20,
1964) is an
Indian American journalist and author. He is the host of
* 1 Early life * 2 Career * 3 Political views * 4 Honors and awards
* 5 Controversies
* 5.1 Role in the 2003 Invasion of Iraq * 5.2 Debate on the Park51 Islamic Center * 5.3 Plagiarism allegations
* 6 Personal life * 7 Bibliography * 8 See also * 9 References * 10 External links
Zakaria was born in Mumbai, India, to a Konkani Muslim family. His
Rafiq Zakaria , was a politician associated with the Indian
National Congress and an
Islamic theologian . His mother, Fatima
Zakaria , was his father's second wife. She was for a time the editor
of the Sunday Times of
Zakaria attended the Cathedral and John Connon School in Mumbai. He graduated with a Bachelor of Arts from Yale University in 1986, where he was president of the Yale Political Union , editor in chief of the Yale Political Monthly , a member of the Scroll and Key society, and a member of the Party of the Right . He later gained a doctor of philosophy degree in government from Harvard University in 1993, where he studied under Samuel P. Huntington and Stanley Hoffmann , as well as international relations theorist Robert Keohane .
After directing a research project on American foreign policy at
He has published on a variety of subjects for
The New York Times ,
The Wall Street Journal
Zakaria is the author of From Wealth to Power: The Unusual Origins of
America's World Role (Princeton, 1998),
The Future of Freedom (Norton,
The Post-American World (2008), and In Defense of a Liberal
Education (Norton, 2015). He co-edited The American Encounter: The
Zakaria was a news analyst with ABC 's This Week with George
Stephanopoulos (2002–2007) where he was a member of the Sunday
morning roundtable. He hosted the weekly TV news show, Foreign
In 2013 he became one of the producers for the HBO series Vice , for which he serves as a consultant.
Zakaria self-identifies as a "centrist ", though he has been
described variously as a political liberal , a conservative , a
moderate, or a radical centrist .
George Stephanopoulos said of him
in 2003, "He's so well versed in politics, and he can't be
pigeonholed. I can't be sure whenever I turn to him where he's going
to be coming from or what he's going to say." Zakaria wrote in
February 2008 that "Conservatism grew powerful in the 1970s and 1980s
because it proposed solutions appropriate to the problems of the age",
adding that "a new world requires new thinking". He supported Barack
Obama during the 2008 Democratic primary campaign and also for
president. In January 2009
Zakaria "may have more intellectual range and insights than any other
public thinker in the West," wrote David Shribman in The Boston Globe
. In 2003, former Secretary of State
Zakaria's books include The Future of Freedom and The Post-American World . The Future of Freedom argues that what is defined as democracy in the Western world is actually "liberal democracy ", a combination of constitutional liberalism and participatory politics. Zakaria points out that protection of liberty and the rule of law actually preceded popular elections by centuries in Western Europe, and that when countries only adopt elections without the protection of liberty, they create "illiberal democracy". The Post-American World, published in 2008 before the financial crisis, argued that the most important trend of modern times is the "rise of the rest," the economic emergence of China, India, Brazil, and other countries.
From 2006, Zakaria has also criticized what he views as "fear-based"
American policies employed not only in combating terrorism, but also
in enforcing immigration and drug smuggling laws, and has argued in
favor of decriminalization of drugs and citizenship for presently
illegal immigrants to the
Before the 2008 U.S. presidential election, Zakaria endorsed Barack
Obama on his
After the 9/11 attacks, in a Newsweek cover essay, "Why They Hate Us," Zakaria argued that Islamic extremism was not fundamentally rooted in Islam, nor could it be claimed a reaction to American foreign policy. He located the problem in the political-social-economic stagnation of Arab societies, which then bred an extreme, religious opposition. He portrayed Osama bin Laden as one in a long line of extremists who used religion to justify mass murder. Zakaria argued for an intergenerational effort to create more open and dynamic societies in Arab countries, and thereby helping Islam enter the modern world.
Zakaria initially supported the 2003 invasion of Iraq . He said at the time, "The place is so dysfunctional ... any stirring of the pot is good. America's involvement in the region is for the good." He argued for a United Nations–sanctioned operation with a much larger force—approximately 400,000 troops—than was actually employed by the administration of President George W. Bush . However, he soon became a critic. In addition to objecting to the war plan, he frequently criticized the way the Bush administration was running the occupation of Iraq . He argued against the disbanding of the army and bureaucracy yet supported the de-Baathification programs. He continued to argue that a functioning democracy in Iraq would be a powerful new model for Arab politics but suggested that an honest accounting would have to say that the costs of the invasion had been much higher than the benefits. He opposed the Iraq surge in March 2007, writing that it would work militarily but not politically, still leaving Iraq divided among its three communities. Instead he advocated that Washington push hard for a political settlement between the Sunni Arabs, Shia Arabs, and Kurds, and begin a reduction in forces to only 60,000 troops. He later wrote that the surge "succeeded" militarily but that it did not produce a political compact and that Iraq remains divided along sectarian lines, undermining its unity, democracy, and legacy.
Zakaria supported the April 2017 U.S. missile strike against a Syrian
government–controlled airbase. Zakaria praised
HONORS AND AWARDS
Zakaria has been nominated five times for the National Magazine Award
, and won it once, for his columns and commentary. His show has won a
Peabody Award and been nominated for several Emmys. He was conferred
He has received honorary degrees from
Harvard University , Brown
Duke University ,
Johns Hopkins University , the
University of Miami ,
Oberlin College ,
Bates College , and the
University of Oklahoma among others. He was the 2000 Annual Orator of
In January 2010, Zakaria was given the Padma Bhushan award by the Indian government for his contribution to the field of journalism.
He serves on the board of the Council on Foreign Relations, the New America Foundation, Columbia University's International House, City College of New York's Colin Powell School for Civic and Global Leadership, and Shakespeare and Company. He was a trustee of Yale Corporation , the governing body of Yale University and the Trilateral Commission.
ROLE IN THE 2003 INVASION OF IRAQ
In his 2006 book State of Denial , Washington Post journalist Bob Woodward described a 29 November 2001, meeting of Middle East analysts, including Zakaria, that was convened at the request of the then Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul Wolfowitz . According to a New York Times story on Woodward's book, the Wolfowitz meeting ultimately produced a report for President George W. Bush that supported the subsequent invasion of Iraq . Zakaria, however, later told The New York Times that he had briefly attended what he thought was "a brainstorming session". He was not told that a report would be prepared for the President, and in fact, the report did not have his name on it. The Times issued a correction.
DEBATE ON THE PARK51 ISLAMIC CENTER
In 2010, in protest at the Anti-Defamation League 's opposition to the building of the Park51 mosque and Islamic cultural center two blocks from the World Trade Center site , Zakaria returned the Hubert H. Humphrey First Amendment Freedoms Prize awarded to him by the ADL in 2005. He declared that the ADL's opposition to the mosque meant that he could not "in good conscience keep anymore". In support of his decision, he stated that the larger issue in the controversy is freedom of religion in America, even while acknowledging that he is not a religious person. He also wrote that a "moderate, mainstream version of Islam" is essential to winning the war on terror, and that moves like the ADL's make it harder for such a moderate version of Islam to emerge and thrive. On 8 August 2010, edition of Fareed Zakaria GPS , Zakaria addressed the issue, stating that in returning his award, he had hoped that the ADL would reconsider their stance.
Zakaria was suspended for a week in August 2012 while Time and CNN
investigated an allegation of plagiarism involving an August 20
column on gun control with similarities to a New Yorker article by
Jill Lepore . In a statement Zakaria apologized, saying that he had
made "a terrible mistake." Six days later, after a review of his
research notes and years of prior commentary, Time and
The controversy was reignited in September 2014, when Esquire and The
Week magazines reported on allegations made in pseudonymous blogs.
Newsweek initially added a blanket warning to its archive of articles
penned by Zakaria, but after an investigation of his several hundred
columns for the magazine, found improper citation in only seven.
Similarly, after allegations surfaced on
Twitter regarding the
originality of one of Zakaria's columns for Slate, the online magazine
appended a notice to the article indicating that, "This piece does not
meet Slate’s editorial standards, having failed to properly
attribute quotations and information...". However, Slate
Corrections to selected Zakaria columns were also issued by The Washington Post, which had responded to the initial allegations by telling the Poynter media industry news site that it would investigate. Later on the same day, November 10, the Post said that it had found "problematic" sourcing in five Zakaria columns, "and will likely note the lack of attribution in archived editions of the articles." However, editors at The Washington Post and Newsweek denied that Zakaria's errors constituted plagiarism.
Zakaria is a naturalized American citizen. He currently resides in
New York City
* In Defense of a Liberal Education, Fareed Zakaria, (W.W. Norton
2015) ISBN 978-0-393-24768-8
* The Post-American World, Release 2.0, Fareed Zakaria, (W.W. Norton
2011) ISBN 0-393-08180-X
The Post-American World , Fareed Zakaria, (W.W. Norton 2008) ISBN
The Future of Freedom : Illiberal Democracy at Home and Abroad,
Fareed Zakaria, (W.W. Norton 2003) ISBN 0-393-04764-4
* From Wealth to Power, Fareed Zakaria, (Princeton University Press;
1998) ISBN 0-691-04496-1
* The American Encounter: The
* ^ A B Zakaria, Fareed (July 15, 2001). "America Doesn\'t Need Crusades". Newsweek. Retrieved July 17, 2017. * ^ "Padma award recipients Zakaria, Parikh say they are humbled". The Indian Express . 2010-01-26. Retrieved 2014-03-14. * ^ A B C D E F "Fareed Zakaria\'s Website". Retrieved 10 May 2010.
* ^ Press, Joy (9 August 2005). "The Interpreter". The Village
Voice. Village Voice, LLC. Retrieved 10 May 2010.
* ^ "