Rafiq Zakaria (/fəˈriːd zəˈkɑːriə/; born January 20,
1964) is an American journalist and author. He is the host of CNN's
Fareed Zakaria GPS
Fareed Zakaria GPS and writes a weekly column for The Washington Post.
He has been a columnist for Newsweek, editor of Newsweek
International, and an editor at large of Time.
1 Early life
3 Political views
4 Honors and awards
5.1 Role in the 2003 invasion of Iraq
5.2 Debate on the
Park51 Islamic Center
5.3 Plagiarism allegations
6 Personal life
8 See also
10 External links
Zakaria was born in Mumbai, India, to a Konkani Muslim family. His
father, Rafiq Zakaria, was a politician associated with the Indian
National Congress and an Islamic theologian. His mother, Fatima
Zakaria, was his father's second wife. She was for a time the editor
of the Sunday Times of India.
Zakaria attended the
Cathedral and John Connon School
Cathedral and John Connon School in Mumbai. He
graduated with a
Bachelor of Arts from
Yale University in 1986,
where he was president of the Yale Political Union, editor in chief of
the Yale Political Monthly, a member of the
Scroll and Key
Scroll and Key society,
and a member of the Party of the Right. He later gained a doctor of
philosophy degree in government from
Harvard University in 1993,
where he studied under
Samuel P. Huntington
Samuel P. Huntington and Stanley Hoffmann, as
well as international relations theorist Robert Keohane.
After directing a research project on American foreign policy at
Harvard, Zakaria became the managing editor of
Foreign Affairs in
1992, at the age of 28. Under his guidance, the magazine was
redesigned and moved from a quarterly to a bimonthly schedule. He
served as an adjunct professor at Columbia University, where he taught
a seminar on international relations. In October 2000, he was named
Newsweek International, and became a weekly columnist for
Newsweek. In August 2010 he moved to Time to serve as editor at-large
and columnist. He writes a weekly column for The Washington Post
and is a contributing editor for the Atlantic Media group, which
includes The Atlantic Monthly.
He has published on a variety of subjects for The New York Times, The
Wall Street Journal, The New Yorker, The New Republic. For a brief
period, he was a wine columnist for the web magazine Slate.
Zakaria is the author of From Wealth to Power: The Unusual Origins of
America's World Role (Princeton, 1998),
The Future of Freedom
The Future of Freedom (Norton,
The Post-American World
The Post-American World (2008), and In Defense of a Liberal
Education (Norton, 2015). He co-edited The American Encounter: The
United States and the Making of the Modern World (Basic Books) with
James F. Hoge Jr. His last two books have both been New York Times
bestsellers and have been translated into more than 25 languages. In
2011 an updated and expanded edition of The Post-American World
("Release 2.0") was published.
Zakaria was a news analyst with ABC's This Week with George
Stephanopoulos (2002–2007) where he was a member of the Sunday
morning roundtable. He hosted the weekly TV news show, Foreign
Fareed Zakaria on
PBS (2005–08). His weekly show,
Fareed Zakaria GPS
Fareed Zakaria GPS (Global Public Square), premiered on
CNN in June
2008. It airs twice weekly in the
United States and four times
CNN International, reaching over 200 million homes. It
celebrated its 8th anniversary on June 5, 2016, as announced on the
weekly foreign affairs show on CNN.
In 2013 he became one of the producers for the
HBO series Vice, for
which he serves as a consultant.
Zakaria, a member of the Berggruen Institute, additionally features as
an interlocutor for the annual Berggruen Prize.
Zakaria self-identifies as a "centrist", though he has been
described variously as a political liberal, a conservative, a
moderate, or a radical centrist.
George Stephanopoulos said of
him in 2003, "He's so well versed in politics, and he can't be
pigeonholed. I can't be sure whenever I turn to him where he's going
to be coming from or what he's going to say." Zakaria wrote in
February 2008 that "Conservatism grew powerful in the 1970s and 1980s
because it proposed solutions appropriate to the problems of the age",
adding that "a new world requires new thinking". He supported
Barack Obama during the 2008 Democratic primary campaign and also for
president. In January 2009
Forbes referred to Zakaria as one of the 25
most influential liberals in the American media. Zakaria has
stated that he tries not to be devoted to any type of ideology, saying
"I feel that's part of my job... which is not to pick sides but to
explain what I think is happening on the ground. I can't say, 'This is
my team and I'm going to root for them no matter what they do.'"
Fareed Zakaria at
World Economic Forum
World Economic Forum 2006, Davos, Switzerland
(second from the right)
As a student at
Yale University in the mid 1980s, Zakaria opposed
anti-apartheid divestment and argued that Yale should not divest from
its holdings in South Africa.
Zakaria "may have more intellectual range and insights than any other
public thinker in the West," wrote David Shribman in The Boston
Globe. In 2003, former Secretary of State
Henry Kissinger told New
York Magazine that Zakaria “has a first-class mind and likes to say
things that run against conventional wisdom.” However, in 2011,
the editors of
The New Republic
The New Republic included him in a list of "over-rated
thinkers" and commented, "There's something suspicious about a thinker
always so perfectly in tune with the moment."
Zakaria's books include
The Future of Freedom
The Future of Freedom and The Post-American
The Future of Freedom
The Future of Freedom argues that what is defined as democracy
in the Western world is actually "liberal democracy", a combination of
constitutional liberalism and participatory politics. Zakaria points
out that protection of liberty and the rule of law actually preceded
popular elections by centuries in Western Europe, and that when
countries only adopt elections without the protection of liberty, they
create "illiberal democracy". The Post-American World, published in
2008 before the financial crisis, argued that the most important trend
of modern times is the "rise of the rest," the economic emergence of
China, India, Brazil, and other countries.
From 2006, Zakaria has also criticized what he views as "fear-based"
American policies employed not only in combating terrorism, but also
in enforcing immigration and drug smuggling laws, and has argued in
favor of decriminalization of drugs and citizenship for presently
illegal immigrants to the
United States of all
backgrounds. Referring to his views on Iran, Leon
Wieseltier described Zakaria as a "consummate spokesman for the
shibboleths of the
White House and for the smooth new worldliness, the
at-the-highest-levels impatience with democracy and human rights as
central objectives of our foreign policy, that now characterize
advanced liberal thinking about America's role in the world."
Before the 2008 U.S. presidential election, Zakaria endorsed Barack
Obama on his
CNN program. In May 2011
The New York Times
The New York Times reported
that President Obama has "sounded out prominent journalists like
Fareed Zakaria ... and Thomas L. Friedman" concerning Middle East
Fareed Zakaria and
Vladimir Putin at St. Petersburg International
Economic Forum, 17 June 2016
After the 9/11 attacks, in a
Newsweek cover essay, "Why They Hate Us,"
Zakaria argued that Islamic extremism was not fundamentally rooted in
Islam, nor could it be claimed a reaction to American foreign policy.
He located the problem in the political-social-economic stagnation of
Arab societies, which then bred an extreme, religious opposition. He
portrayed Osama bin Laden as one in a long line of extremists who used
religion to justify mass murder. Zakaria argued for an
intergenerational effort to create more open and dynamic societies in
Arab countries, and thereby helping Islam enter the modern world.
Zakaria initially supported the 2003 invasion of Iraq. He said at
the time, "The place is so dysfunctional ... any stirring of the pot
is good. America's involvement in the region is for the good." He
argued for a United Nations–sanctioned operation with a much larger
force—approximately 400,000 troops—than was actually employed by
the administration of President George W. Bush. However, he soon
became a critic. In addition to objecting to the war plan, he
frequently criticized the way the Bush administration was running the
occupation of Iraq. He argued against the disbanding of the army
and bureaucracy yet supported the de-Baathification programs. He
continued to argue that a functioning democracy in Iraq would be a
powerful new model for Arab politics but suggested that an honest
accounting would have to say that the costs of the invasion had been
much higher than the benefits. He opposed the Iraq surge in March
2007, writing that it would work militarily but not politically, still
leaving Iraq divided among its three communities. Instead he advocated
that Washington push hard for a political settlement between the Sunni
Arabs, Shia Arabs, and Kurds, and begin a reduction in forces to only
60,000 troops. He later wrote that the surge "succeeded"
militarily but that it did not produce a political compact and that
Iraq remains divided along sectarian lines, undermining its unity,
democracy, and legacy.
Zakaria supported the April 2017 U.S. missile strike against a Syrian
government–controlled airbase. Zakaria praised President Trump's
strike and said it was the moment "[he] became president of the United
Honors and awards
Zakaria has been nominated five times for the National Magazine Award,
and won it once, for his columns and commentary. His show has won a
Peabody Award and been nominated for several Emmys. He was
India Abroad Person of the Year 2008 award on 20 March 2009,
in New York. Filmmaker Mira Nair, who won the award for year 2007,
honored her successor.
He has received honorary degrees from
Harvard University, Brown
University, Duke University, Johns Hopkins University, the University
of Miami, Oberlin College, Bates College, and the University of
Oklahoma among others. He was the 2000 Annual Orator of the
Philomathean Society of the University of Pennsylvania.
In January 2010, Zakaria was given the
Padma Bhushan award by the
Indian government for his contribution to the field of journalism.
He serves on the board of the Council on Foreign Relations, the New
America Foundation, Columbia University's International House, City
College of New York's Colin Powell School for Civic and Global
Leadership, and Shakespeare and Company. He was a
trustee of Yale Corporation, the governing body of Yale University
and the Trilateral Commission.
Role in the 2003 invasion of Iraq
In his 2006 book State of Denial,
Washington Post journalist Bob
Woodward described a 29 November 2001, meeting of Middle East
analysts, including Zakaria, that was convened at the request of the
then Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul Wolfowitz. According to a New
York Times story on Woodward's book, the Wolfowitz meeting ultimately
produced a report for President
George W. Bush
George W. Bush that supported the
subsequent invasion of Iraq. Zakaria, however, later told The New York
Times that he had briefly attended what he thought was "a
brainstorming session". He was not told that a report would be
prepared for the President, and in fact, the report did not have his
name on it. The Times issued a correction.
Debate on the
Park51 Islamic Center
In 2010, in protest at the Anti-Defamation League's opposition to the
building of the
Park51 mosque and Islamic cultural center two blocks
from the World Trade Center site, Zakaria returned the Hubert H.
Humphrey First Amendment Freedoms Prize awarded to him by the ADL in
2005. He declared that the ADL's opposition to the mosque meant that
he could not "in good conscience keep [the award] anymore". In support
of his decision, he stated that the larger issue in the controversy is
freedom of religion in America, even while acknowledging that he is
not a religious person. He also wrote that a "moderate, mainstream
version of Islam" is essential to winning the war on terror, and that
moves like the ADL's make it harder for such a moderate version of
Islam to emerge and thrive. On 8 August 2010, edition of
Fareed Zakaria GPS, Zakaria addressed the issue, stating that in
returning his award, he had hoped that the ADL would reconsider their
Fareed Zakaria in 2013
Zakaria was suspended for a week in August 2012 while Time and CNN
investigated an allegation of plagiarism involving an August 20
column on gun control with similarities to a New Yorker article by
Jill Lepore. In a statement Zakaria apologized, saying that he had
made "a terrible mistake." Six days later, after a review
of his research notes and years of prior commentary, Time and CNN
reinstated Zakaria. Time described the incident as "isolated" and
CNN "... found nothing that merited continuing
The controversy was reignited in September 2014, when Esquire and The
Week magazines reported on allegations made in pseudonymous
Newsweek initially added a blanket warning to its
archive of articles penned by Zakaria, but after an investigation of
his several hundred columns for the magazine, found improper citation
in only seven. Similarly, after allegations surfaced on
Twitter regarding the originality of one of Zakaria's columns for
Slate, the online magazine appended a notice to the article indicating
that, "This piece does not meet Slate’s editorial standards, having
failed to properly attribute quotations and information...".
However, Slate Editor-in-Chief Jacob Weisberg, who had, months before,
exchanged barbs with one of the aforementioned anonymous bloggers on
Twitter in defense of Zakaria, maintained his original position
that what Zakaria did was not plagiarism.
Corrections to selected Zakaria columns were also issued by The
Washington Post, which had responded to the initial allegations by
telling the Poynter media industry news site that it would
investigate. Later on the same day, November 10, the Post said
that it had found "problematic" sourcing in five Zakaria columns, "and
will likely note the lack of attribution in archived editions of the
articles." However, editors at
The Washington Post
The Washington Post and Newsweek
denied that Zakaria's errors constituted plagiarism.
Zakaria is a naturalized American citizen. He currently resides in
New York City
New York City with his wife, the jewelry designer Paula Throckmorton
Zakaria, son Omar, and daughters Lila and Sofia. Zakaria is a
self-described secular and nonpracticing Muslim. He added: "My views
on faith are complicated—somewhere between deism and agnosticism. I
am completely secular in my outlook."
In Defense of a Liberal Education, Fareed Zakaria, (W.W. Norton &
Company; 2015) ISBN 978-0-393-24768-8
The Post-American World, Release 2.0, Fareed Zakaria, (W.W. Norton
& Company; 2011) ISBN 0-393-08180-X
The Post-American World, Fareed Zakaria, (W.W. Norton & Company;
2008) ISBN 0-393-06235-X
The Future of Freedom: Illiberal Democracy at Home and Abroad, Fareed
Zakaria, (W.W. Norton & Company; 2003) ISBN 0-393-04764-4
From Wealth to Power, Fareed Zakaria, (Princeton University Press;
1998) ISBN 0-691-04496-1
The American Encounter: The
United States and the Making of the Modern
World Essays from 75 Years of Foreign Affairs, edited by James F. Hoge
and Fareed Zakaria, (Basic Books; 1997) ISBN 0-465-00170-X
Asian Indians in the
New York City
New York City metropolitan region
Yale University people
Harvard University people
^ a b Zakaria, Fareed (July 15, 2001). "America Doesn't Need
Crusades". Newsweek. Retrieved July 17, 2017.
^ "Padma award recipients Zakaria, Parikh say they are humbled". The
Indian Express. 2010-01-26. Retrieved 2014-03-14.
^ a b c d e f "Fareed Zakaria's Website". Retrieved 10 May 2010.
^ Press, Joy (9 August 2005). "The Interpreter". The Village Voice.
Village Voice, LLC. Retrieved 10 May 2010.
Harvard Graduate School Honors Daniel Aaron, Nancy Hopkins, and
Harvard Magazine. 23 May 2012. Retrieved 2012-05-29.
^ Carr, David (18 August 2010). "
Newsweek Notable Moves to a Rival".
The New York Times. Retrieved 19 August 2010.
^ Zakaria, Fareed (1 July 1998). "Sweet Justice". Slate. Retrieved
Fareed Zakaria to Deliver Lecture on World Issues at Puget Sound
Campus". College News. Archived from the original on 15 October 2014.
Retrieved 10 October 2014.
^ Binlot, Ann. "Pondering Humanity, Technology, and Net Neutrality at
Berggruen Institute Gala". Vanity Fair. Retrieved
^ "Nicolas Berggruen's $1 Million Philosophy Prize - artnet News".
artnet News. 2015-09-17. Retrieved 2017-12-17.
^ "Charles Taylor accepts million-dollar prize". Montreal. 2016-12-02.
^ a b Press, Joy (9 August 2005). "The Interpreter". The Village
^ a b In Depth: The 25 Most Influential Liberals In The U.S. Media.
Forbes. Published 22 January 2009.
^ a b c d e Maneker, Marion (21 April 2003). "Man of the World". New
York. Retrieved 16 July 2017.
Fareed Zakaria as US secretary of state? The Economic Times.
Published 6 November 2008.[dead link]
^ Olson, Robert (January–February 2005). "The Rise of 'Radical
Middle' Politics Archived 16 July 2012 at the Wayback Machine.". The
Futurist, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 45–47. Publication of the World Future
Society. Retrieved 26 February 2013.
^ The End of Conservatism.
^ Shribman, David M. (1 June 2008). "Globalization, its discontents,
and its upside". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 16 July 2017.
^ "Over-Rated Thinkers". The New Republic. 3 November 2011. Retrieved
16 July 2017.
^ Khanna, Parag (18 May 2008). "The Rise of Non-Americanism". The
Washington Post. Retrieved 13 May 2012.
^ Intelligence 2 Ltd., America is to blame for Mexico's drug war, 1
December 2009, retrieved 24 April 2011
^ Zakaria, Fareed (3 May 2008). "Excerpt: Zakaria's 'The Post-American
World'". Newsweek. Retrieved 16 July 2017.
^ Interview with Fareed Zakaria, Part 1,
The Daily Show
The Daily Show with Jon
Stewart, 28 March 2006: "We are not going to deport them (illegal
immigrants)—no democracy would..."Most of these [illegal
immigrants], almost all of them, couldn't do anything...that would
break the law. The minute they do that, they would be deported."
^ Wieseltier, Leon (25 June 2010). "The realism of seeking democracy
in Iran". The Washington Post. Retrieved 16 July 2017.
^ Zakaria, Fareed (19 October 2008). "FAREED ZAKARIA GPS". CNN.
Archived from the original on 15 August 2011. Retrieved 22 May
^ Landler, Mark (11 May 2011). "Obama Seeks Reset in Arab World". The
New York Times. Retrieved 22 May 2011.
^ Zakaria, Fareed (2001-10-14). "The Politics of Rage: Why Do They
Hate Us?". Newsweek. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
^ a b Zakaria, Fareed (3 April 2007). "The Surge That Might Work".
Newsweek. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
Fareed Zakaria (1 June 2003). "Giving Peace a Real Chance".
Newsweek. Retrieved 10 Nov 2014.
^ "McCain's Downfall: Republican Foreign Policy". The Washington Post.
Fareed Zakaria (6 June 2009). "Zakaria: How to End in Iraq".
Newsweek. Retrieved 2010-10-01.
^ "CNN's Fareed Zakaria: 'Donald Trump became president' last night".
The Washington Times. Retrieved 2017-05-02.
^ 71st Annual Peabody Awards, May 2012
Fareed Zakaria is
India Abroad Person of the Year".
Specials.rediff.com. 21 March 2009. Retrieved 2010-10-01.
^ Koch, Katie; Corydon Ireland; Alvin Powell; Colleen Walsh (24 May
2012). "Eight receive honorary degrees".
Harvard Gazette. Retrieved 26
^ "List of Padma awardees". IBNLive. 3 February 2010. Retrieved
^ DeMatteo, Ann (August 20, 2012). "
Fareed Zakaria resigns
from Yale Corporation". New Haven Register. Retrieved August 23,
^ Bosman, Julie (9 October 2006). "Secret Iraq Meeting Included
Journalists". The New York Times. Retrieved 2007-01-16.
^ Quote: "An article in Business Day on Oct. 9 about journalists who
attended a secret meeting in November 2001 called by Paul D.
Wolfowitz, then the deputy secretary of defense, referred incorrectly
to the participation of Fareed Zakaria, the editor of Newsweek
International and a
Newsweek columnist. Mr. Zakaria was not told that
the meeting would produce a report for the Bush administration, nor
did his name appear on the report."
^ Zakaria, Fareed (6 August 2010). "Build the Ground Zero Mosque".
Newsweek. Retrieved 7 August 2010.
^ Zakaria, Fareed (6 August 2010). "Fareed Zakaria's Letter to the
ADL". Newsweek. Retrieved 7 August 2010.
Fareed Zakaria returns ADL award in protest". The Spy Report. Media
Spy. 7 August 2010. Archived from the original on 13 January 2013.
Retrieved 7 August 2010.
^ "Fareed: Don't demonize Islamic centre". CNN. 8 August 2010.
Retrieved 9 August 2010.
^ Amira, Dan (10 August 2012). "
Fareed Zakaria sure looks like he
stole from The New Yorker". New York.
^ "Statement from Fareed". CNN. 10 August 2012. Retrieved
Fareed Zakaria for plagiarism". USA Today. 8
October 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-18.
^ Haughney, Christine (19 August 2012). "A Media Personality,
Suffering a Blow to His Image, Ponders a Lesson". The New York Times.
^ Haughney, Christine (16 August 2012). "Time and
Journalist After Review". The New York Times.
^ Byers, Dylan (16 August 2012). "
Fareed Zakaria to stay at Time,
^ Hax, Carolyn (16 August 2012). "
Fareed Zakaria reinstated at
Time". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2012-08-18.
CNN Does Not Get to Cherrypick the Rules of Journalism". Esquire.
22 September 2014.
^ Cooper, Ryan (22 September 2014). "Why does
Fareed Zakaria still
have a job?". The Week.
^ "Fareed Zakaria's statement responding to the charges by two
anonymous bloggers". Fareed Zakaria.com. 19 August 2014. Retrieved 20
^ Dylan Byers (29 September 2014). "
Newsweek adds plagiarism warning
Fareed Zakaria articles". Politico.
^ Taylor Wofford and Zach Schonfeld (7 November 2014). "An Interview
With the Anonymous Media Watchdogs Who Accused
Fareed Zakaria of
^ "Editor's note". Slate. 10 November 2014.
Newsweek Warns Readers About Fareed Zakaria's Plagiarism". Gawker.
29 September 2014. Archived from the original on 1 November
^ a b Grove, Lloyd (12 November 2014). "Can
Fareed Zakaria Survive A
Plagiarism Firestorm?". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 13 November
^ "6 of Zakaria's
Washington Post pieces have originality issues,
critics say". Poynter.org. 10 November 2014. Archived from the
original on 11 November 2014.
^ "Post finds problematic sourcing in some Zakaria columns". The
Washington Post. 10 November 2014.
^ Zakaria, Fareed (December 10, 2015). "I am a Muslim. But Trump's
views appall me because I am an American". The Washington Post.
Retrieved December 13, 2015.
^ Zakaria, Fareed (December 12, 2015). "Fareed's Take: Why Trump's
rhetoric is dangerous".
Fareed Zakaria GPS. CNN. Retrieved December
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Works by or about
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Appearances on C-SPAN
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Kevin Spacey – Race for the White House
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Morgan Spurlock Inside Man
Meryl Streep – We Will Rise
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Fareed Zakaria – The Most Powerful Man in the World
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# Posthumous conferral
ISNI: 0000 0001 2141 1608
BNF: cb144917609 (data)