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The FAR EAST is an alternate geographical term in English (with equivalents in many other languages – see the infobox on the right for examples), that usually refers to East Asia
East Asia
(including Northeast Asia
Asia
), the Russian Far East (part of North Asia
North Asia
), and Southeast Asia . South Asia
South Asia
is sometimes also included for economic and cultural reasons.

Since the 1960s, East Asia
East Asia
has become the most common term for the region in international mass media outlets. Far East
East
is often deprecated as archaic and Eurocentric , along with the terms "Near East
East
" and " Middle East
Middle East
".

The term Far East
East
came into use in European geopolitical discourse in the 12th century, denoting the Far East
East
as the "farthest" of the three "easts", beyond the Near East
Near East
and the Middle East
Middle East
. For the same reason, Chinese people
Chinese people
in the 19th and early 20th centuries called Western countries "Tàixī (泰西)"—i.e. anything further west than the Arab world .

CONTENTS

* 1 Popularization * 2 Cultural as well as geographic meaning * 3 Territories and regions conventionally included under the term _Far East_ * 4 Cities * 5 Organizations * 6 See also * 7 Notes * 8 References

POPULARIZATION

Prior to the colonial era, "Far East" referred to anything further east than the Middle East. In the 16th century, King John III of Portugal called India
India
a "rich and interesting country in the Far East
East
(_Extremo Oriente_)." The term was popularized during the period of the British Empire
British Empire
as a blanket term for lands to the east of British India
India
.

In pre- World War I
World War I
European geopolitics, the _ Near East
Near East
_ referred to the relatively nearby lands of the Ottoman Empire
Ottoman Empire
, the _ Middle East
Middle East
_ denoted northwestern South Asia
South Asia
and Central Asia
Central Asia
, and the _Far East_ meant countries along the western Pacific Ocean
Pacific Ocean
and eastern Indian Ocean
Ocean
. Many European languages have analogous terms, such as the French (_Extrême-Orient_), Spanish (_Extremo Oriente_), Portuguese (_Extremo Oriente_), German (_Ferner Osten_), Italian (_Estremo Oriente_), Polish (_Daleki Wschód_), Norwegian (_Det fjerne Østen_) and Dutch (_Verre Oosten_).

CULTURAL AS WELL AS GEOGRAPHIC MEANING

Main article: East Asian cultural sphere

Significantly, the term evokes cultural as well as geographic separation; the _Far East_ is not just geographically distant, but also culturally exotic. It never refers, for instance, to the culturally Western nations of Australia
Australia
and New Zealand
New Zealand
, which lie even farther to the east of Europe
Europe
than East Asia
East Asia
itself. This combination of cultural and geographic subjectivity was well illustrated in 1939 by Robert Menzies , a Prime Minister of Australia . Reflecting on his country's geopolitical concerns with the onset of war , Menzies commented that:

The problems of the Pacific are different. What Great Britain calls the Far East
East
is to us the Near North."

_Far East_ in its usual sense is comparable to terms such as _the Orient
Orient
_, which means East
East
; the _ Eastern world
Eastern world
_; or simply the _East_. Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
, the Russian Far East , and occasionally the Indian Subcontinent might be included in the Far East
East
to some extent.

Concerning the term, John K. Fairbank and Edwin O. Reischauer, professors of East
East
Asian Studies at Harvard University
Harvard University
, wrote (in _ East
East
Asia: The Great Tradition_): "When Europeans traveled far to the east to reach Cathay, Japan
Japan
and the Indies, they naturally gave those distant regions the general name 'Far East.' Americans who reached China, Japan
Japan
and Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
by sail and steam across the Pacific could, with equal logic, have called that area the 'Far West.' For the people who live in that part of the world, however, it is neither 'East' nor 'West' and certainly not 'Far.' A more generally acceptable term for the area is ' East
East
Asia,' which is geographically more precise and does not imply the outdated notion that Europe
Europe
is the center of the civilized world."

Today, the term remains in the names of some longstanding institutions, including the Far Eastern Federal University in Vladivostok
Vladivostok
, Far Eastern University in Manila
Manila
, and the Far East University in South Korea
South Korea
. Furthermore, the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and United States have historically used _Far East_ for several military units and commands in the region:

TERRITORIES AND REGIONS CONVENTIONALLY INCLUDED UNDER THE TERM _FAR EAST_

Name of region and territory, with flag Area (km²) Population (2008 est.) Population density (per km²) CAPITAL FORMS OF GOVERNMENT CURRENCY OFFICIAL LANGUAGES

EAST ASIA

China
China
9,598,094 1,370,536,875 161.0 Beijing
Beijing
One-party socialist republic Yuan (Renminbi) Chinese (Mandarin)

_ Hong Kong
Hong Kong
1,104 6,985,200 6,352.0 Hong Kong
Hong Kong
_ Special administrative region of the People's Republic
Republic
of China. Hong Kong
Hong Kong
dollar Chinese (Cantonese) , English

_ Macau
Macau
28.6 520,400 17,310.0 Macau
Macau
_ Special administrative region of the People's Republic
Republic
of China
China
Pataca Chinese (Cantonese) , Portuguese

Japan
Japan
377,873 127,433,494 337.0 Tokyo
Tokyo
Parliamentary democracy , Constitutional monarchy Yen None (Japanese as _de facto_)

Mongolia
Mongolia
1,564,116 2,951,786 1.7 Ulaanbaatar
Ulaanbaatar
Parliamentary republic Tögrög Mongolian

North Korea
North Korea
120,540 23,301,725 190.0 Pyongyang
Pyongyang
Juche
Juche
unitarian dictatorship Socialist Republic
Socialist Republic
North Korean won
North Korean won
Korean

South Korea
South Korea
100,032 49,044,790 493.0 Seoul
Seoul
Presidential republic South Korean won Korean

Taiwan
Taiwan
36,188 22,911,292 633.12 Taipei
Taipei
Semi-presidential system New Taiwan
Taiwan
dollar Chinese (Mandarin)

SOUTHEAST ASIA

Brunei
Brunei
5,765 381,371 66.0 Bandar Seri Begawan Absolute Islamic
Islamic
Sultanate
Sultanate
Brunei
Brunei
dollar Malay and English

Cambodia
Cambodia
181,035 14,241,640 78.0 Phnom Penh
Phnom Penh
Constitutional monarchy Riel Khmer

East
East
Timor
Timor
15,410 1,115,000 64.0 Dili
Dili
Parliamentary republic U.S. dollar / Centavo coins Tetum and Portuguese

Indonesia
Indonesia
1,919,588 237,512,355 123.8 Jakarta
Jakarta
Presidential republic Rupiah Indonesian

Laos
Laos
236,800 6,521,998 25.0 Vientiane
Vientiane
Socialist Republic
Socialist Republic
Kip Lao

Malaysia
Malaysia
329,847 27,730,000 83.0 Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
Federal constitutional monarchy , Parliamentary democracy Ringgit Malay

Myanmar
Myanmar
(Burma) 676,578 55,390,000 75.0 Naypyidaw
Naypyidaw
Unitary presidential constitutional republic Kyat Burmese

Philippines
Philippines
300,000 90,500,000 295.0 Manila
Manila
Unitary presidential constitutional republic Philippine peso
Philippine peso
(Piso) Filipino and English

Singapore
Singapore
707.1 4,588,600 6,489.0 Singapore
Singapore
Parliamentary republic Singapore
Singapore
dollar Malay , English, Chinese (Mandarin) , and Tamil

Thailand
Thailand
513,115 63,038,247 122.0 Bangkok
Bangkok
Constitutional monarchy , Parliamentary democracy Baht Thai

Vietnam
Vietnam
331,690 86,116,559 253.0 Hanoi
Hanoi
One-party led state , Socialist Republic
Socialist Republic
đồng Vietnamese

NORTH ASIA

Russia
Russia
6,215,900 6,692,865 3.0 Moscow
Moscow
Federal semi-presidential republic Ruble Russian and 27 other co-official languages

CITIES

Further information: Cities of East Asia
East Asia
and List of cities in the Far East
East
by population

ORGANIZATIONS

* British Far East
East
Command * RAF Far East
East
Air Force * U.S. Far East
East
Air Force * The U.S. Far East
East
Network

SEE ALSO

_ Look up FAR EAST _ in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

* Far West * Adoption of Chinese literary culture * East Asia
East Asia
* East Asian cultural sphere * Far Eastern Economic Review * Far Eastern Military District * Four Asian Tigers
Four Asian Tigers
* Greater East Asia
East Asia
Co-Prosperity Sphere * Greater India
India
* Indosphere * Russian Far East * South Asia
South Asia
* Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
* Spanish East
East
Indies * Y-DNA haplogroups in populations of East
East
and Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia

NOTES

* ^ "Oxford Dictionaries - Dictionary, Thesaurus, & Grammar". _askoxford.com_. * ^ The \'Far Eastern Economic Review\' for example covers news from India
India
and Sri Lanka. * ^ _A_ _B_ "A menagerie of monikers". The Economist . 7 January 2010. Retrieved 9 July 2011. * ^ _A_ _B_ Reischauer, Edwin and John K Fairbank, _ East
East
Asia: The Great Tradition,_ 1960. * ^ Robert Sewell (1901). _A Forgotten Empire: Vijayanagar; A Contribution to the History of India_. * ^ http://www.info.dfat.gov.au/info/historical/HistDocs.nsf/(LookupVolNoNumber)/2~73

* ^ Continental regions as per UN categorisations (map) , except 12. Depending on definitions, various territories cited below (notes 6, 11-13, 15, 17-19, 21-23) may be in one or both of Asia
Asia
and Europe
Europe
, Africa
Africa
, or Oceania
Oceania
. * ^ The state is commonly known as simply "China", which is subsumed by the eponymous entity and civilisation (China) . Figures given are for Mainland China
China
only, and do not include Hong Kong
Hong Kong
, Macau
Macau
, and Taiwan
Taiwan
. * ^ Includes PRC-administered area ( Aksai Chin and Trans-Karakoram Tract , both territories claimed by India
India
). * ^ Information listed is for Mainland China
China
only. The Special administrative region (i.e. Hong Kong
Hong Kong
and Macau), the island territories under the control of the Republic
Republic
of China
China
(which includes the islands of Taiwan
Taiwan
, Quemoy
Quemoy
, and Matsu ) are excluded. * ^ "Law of the People\'s Republic
Republic
of China
China
on the Standard Spoken and Written Chinese Language (Order of the President No.37)". Chinese Government. 31 October 2000. Retrieved 21 June 2013. For purposes of this Law, the standard spoken and written Chinese language means Putonghua (a common speech with pronunciation based on the Beijing dialect) and the standardized Chinese characters.

* ^ Hong Kong
Hong Kong
is a Special
Special
Administrative Region of the People's Republic
Republic
of China * ^ Cantonese, a dialect of Chinese, is a de facto official language of Hong Kong, as Hong Kong's constitution does not specify which dialect of Chinese is the territory's official language.

* ^ Macau
Macau
is a Special
Special
Administrative Region of the People's Republic
Republic
of China. * ^ Cantonese, a dialect of Chinese, is a de facto official language of Macau, as Macau's constitution does not specify which dialect of Chinese is the territory's official language.

* ^ Figures are for the area under the _de facto_ control of the Republic
Republic
of China
China
(ROC) government, commonly referred to as Taiwan
Taiwan
. Claimed in whole by the PRC; see political status of Taiwan
Taiwan
.

* ^ Indonesia
Indonesia
is sometimes considered a transcontinental country in Southeastern Asia
Asia
and Oceania; figures do not include Irian Jaya and Maluku Islands , frequently reckoned in Oceania
Oceania
(Melanesia / Australasia
Australasia
). * ^ Russia
Russia
is generally considered a transcontinental country in Eastern Europe
Europe
(UN region) and Northern Asia
Asia
; _population and area figures are for Asian portion only_. * ^ _A_ _B_ Only includes the area of Far Eastern Federal District .

REFERENCES

* Ankerl, Guy (2000). _Coexisting Contemporary Civilizations: Arabo-Muslim, Bharati, Chinese, and Western_. Geneva: INU Press. ISBN 2-88155-004-5 . * Whitaker, Brian (February 23, 2004). "From Turkey to Tibet". _The Guardian _.

* v * t * e

Asia
Asia
articles

HISTORY

CHRONOLOGY

* Indian Ocean
Indian Ocean
trade * Silk Road * Imperialism * Decolonisation

BY TOPIC

* Military

* conflicts

* Sovereignty

GEOGRAPHY

* Cities

* metropolitan areas * tallest buildings

* Countries and territories

* by population

* Extreme points * Islands * Lakes * Mountains * Rivers

REGIONS

* Asia-Pacific * Central Asia
Central Asia
* East Asia
East Asia
* Eurasia
Eurasia
* Inner Asia
Asia
* North Asia
North Asia
* Northeast Asia * South Asia
South Asia
* Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
* Tropical Asia
Asia
* Western Asia
Asia

POLITICS

* Heads of government * Heads of state

* Elections

* political parties

* Human rights * Law * Military

INTERGOVERNMENTAL

* Asia
Asia
Cooperation Dialogue (ACD) * Association of Southeast Asian Nations
Association of Southeast Asian Nations
(ASEAN) * Bay of Bengal
Bay of Bengal
Initiative (BIMSTEC) * Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO) * Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (CCASG / GCC) * Mekong–Ganga Cooperation (MGC) * Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) * South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) * Shanghai Cooperation Organisation
Shanghai Cooperation Organisation
(SCO)

ECONOMY

* Countries by GDP (PPP) * Countries by HDI * Currencies * Stock exchanges

* Technology

* renewable energy

* Transport

* airports * high-speed rail

MARKETS

* Bond markets * Property markets

SOCIETY

* Demographics * Education * Etiquette * Health * Languages

* People

* ethnic groups

CULTURE

* Art * Cinema * Cuisine * Literature * Music * Philosophy * Religion * Sport

FUTURE

* Asian Century

* Chinese Century * Indian Century * Pacific Century

* Outline * Index

* Book
Book
* Category
Category
* Portal
Portal
* Maps

* v * t * e

Regions of the world

* v * t * e

Regions of Africa
Africa

NORTH

* Mediterranean * Gibraltar Arc

* Greater Middle East
Middle East

* MENA * Middle East
Middle East

* Maghreb
Maghreb

* Barbary Coast * Barbara * Ancient Libya * Atlas Mountains ( Middle Atlas
Middle Atlas
) * Sahara
Sahara
* Western Sahara
Sahara
* Sahel
Sahel

* Eastern Mediterranean
Eastern Mediterranean

* Egypt

* Upper Egypt * Middle Egypt
Middle Egypt
* Lower Egypt
Lower Egypt
* Cataracts of the Nile * Bashmur

* Nubia
Nubia

* Lower Nubia
Nubia

* Nile Valley * Nile Delta * Darfur
Darfur
* Gulf of Aqaba * Sub-Saharan

EAST

* Aethiopia * Swahili coast * East
East
African Rift * Great Rift Valley * Afar Triangle * Danakil Desert * Danakil Alps * Albertine Rift Valley * Gregory Rift Valley * Southern Rift Valley

* Rift Valley lakes
Rift Valley lakes

* African Great Lakes

* Mittelafrika

* Horn of Africa
Africa

* Ethiopian Highlands
Ethiopian Highlands
* Gulf of Aden
Gulf of Aden
* Gulf of Tadjoura

* Sudan (region) * Sudanian Savanna * East
East
African montane forests * Sub-Saharan

CENTRAL

* Negroland

* Guinea region

* Gulf of Guinea

* Cape Lopez * Mayombe

* Igboland

* Mbaise

* Maputaland * Pool Malebo * Congo Basin * Chad Basin * Congolese rainforests * Ouaddaï highlands * Ennedi Plateau * Sub-Saharan

WEST

* Pepper Coast * Gold Coast * Slave Coast * Ivory Coast
Ivory Coast
* Cape Palmas * Cape Mesurado * Negroland

* Guinea region

* Gulf of Guinea

* Sudanian Savanna * Niger Basin * Guinean Forests of West Africa
Africa
* Sudan (region) * Niger Delta
Niger Delta
* Inner Niger Delta
Niger Delta
* Sub-Saharan

SOUTH

* Madagascar
Madagascar

* Central Highlands (Madagascar)
Central Highlands (Madagascar)
* Northern Highlands

* Rhodesia

* North * South

* Thembuland * Succulent Karoo
Succulent Karoo
* Nama Karoo * Bushveld
Bushveld
* Highveld * Fynbos
Fynbos
* Cape Floristic Region
Cape Floristic Region
* Kalahari Desert * Okavango Delta * False Bay * Hydra Bay
Hydra Bay
* Sub-Saharan

* Anglophone Africa
Africa
* Francophone Africa
Africa
* Lusophone Africa
Africa
* Arabophone Africa
Africa
* Sub-Saharan Africa
Africa
* Tropical Africa
Africa
* Islands

* v * t * e

Regions of North America
North America

CANADA

* Eastern Canada
Canada
* Western Canada
Canada
* Canadian Prairies * Northern Canada
Canada
* Atlantic Canada
Canada
* French Canada
Canada
* English Canada
Canada

* Acadia

* Acadian Peninsula

* Quebec City–Windsor Corridor * Peace River Country * Cypress Hills * Palliser\'s Triangle * Canadian Shield
Canadian Shield
* Interior Alaska-Yukon lowland taiga * Newfoundland (island)
Newfoundland (island)
* Vancouver island * Gulf Islands * Strait of Georgia * Canadian Arctic Archipelago
Canadian Arctic Archipelago
* Labrador Peninsula * Gaspé Peninsula

* Avalon Peninsula

* Bay de Verde Peninsula
Bay de Verde Peninsula

* Brodeur Peninsula * Melville Peninsula * Bruce Peninsula * Banks Peninsula (Nunavut) * Cook Peninsula * Gulf of Boothia * Georgian Bay
Georgian Bay
* Hudson Bay
Hudson Bay
* James Bay * Greenland
Greenland

UNITED STATES

* Eastern

* Appalachia * East
East
Coast * Great Lakes

* Northeastern

* Mid-Atlantic * New England
New England

* Western

* Alaska Peninsula * Mountain States * Northwestern * Pacific * Pacific Northwest * Rocky Mountains * West Coast

* Central

* Great Plains * Midwestern

* Southern

* Deep South * Gulf * Southeastern * South Central * Southwestern * Upland South

* Belt regions

* Bible Belt
Bible Belt
* Black Belt * Corn Belt * Cotton Belt * Frost Belt
Frost Belt
* Rice Belt * Rust Belt
Rust Belt
* Sun Belt * Snow Belt

MEXICO

* Northern Mexico
Mexico
* Baja California Peninsula

* Gulf of California

* Colorado River Delta
Colorado River Delta

* Gulf of Mexico
Mexico
* Soconusco * Tierra Caliente * La Mixteca * La Huasteca * Bajío * Valley of Mexico
Mexico
* Mezquital Valley * Sierra Madre de Oaxaca * Yucatán Peninsula * Basin and Range Province

CENTRAL

* Western Caribbean Zone * Isthmus of Panama

* Gulf of Panama

* Pearl Islands

* Azuero Peninsula * Mosquito Coast
Mosquito Coast

CARIBBEAN

* West Indies
West Indies

* Antilles
Antilles

* Greater Antilles
Antilles

* Lesser Antilles
Antilles

* Leeward * Leeward Antilles
Antilles
* Windward

* Lucayan Archipelago * Southern Caribbean
Caribbean

* Aridoamerica * Mesoamerica
Mesoamerica
* Oasisamerica
Oasisamerica
* Northern * Middle * Anglo

* Latin

* French * Hispanic

* American Cordillera * Ring of Fire * LAC

* v * t * e

Regions of South America
South America

NORTH

* Caribbean
Caribbean
South America
South America
* West Indies
West Indies
* Los Llanos * The Guianas * Gulf of Paria * Paria Peninsula * Paraguaná Peninsula * Orinoco Delta

SOUTH

* Tierra del Fuego
Tierra del Fuego
* Patagonia
Patagonia
* Pampas
Pampas
* Pantanal * Gran Chaco * Chiquitano dry forests * Valdes Peninsula
Valdes Peninsula

WEST

* Andes
Andes
* Altiplano
Altiplano
* Atacama Desert
Atacama Desert

EAST

* Amazon basin * Caatinga
Caatinga
* Cerrado

* Latin * Hispanic * American Cordillera * Ring of Fire * LAC

* v * t * e

Regions of Asia
Asia

CENTRAL

* Greater Middle East
Middle East

* Aral Sea

* Aralkum Desert * Caspian Sea * Dead Sea * Sea of Galilee
Sea of Galilee

* Transoxiana

* Turan
Turan

* Greater Khorasan * Ariana
Ariana
* Khwarezm * Sistan * Kazakhstania

* Eurasian Steppe

* Asian Steppe * Kazakh Steppe
Kazakh Steppe
* Pontic–Caspian steppe

* Mongolian-Manchurian grassland

* Wild Fields
Wild Fields

* Yedisan * Muravsky Trail
Muravsky Trail

* Ural

* Ural Mountains
Ural Mountains

* Volga region * Idel-Ural * Kolyma * Transbaikal * Pryazovia * Bjarmaland * Kuban
Kuban
* Zalesye * Ingria
Ingria
* Novorossiya
Novorossiya
* Gornaya Shoriya * Tulgas * Iranian plateau * Altai Mountains
Altai Mountains
* Pamir Mountains * Tian Shan
Tian Shan
* Badakhshan
Badakhshan
* Wakhan Corridor * Wakhjir Pass * Mount Imeon * Mongolian Plateau * Western Regions

NORTH

* Inner Asia
Asia
* Northeast

* Far East
East

* Russian Far East * Okhotsk-Manchurian taiga

* Extreme North

* Siberia
Siberia

* Baikalia ( Lake Baikal
Lake Baikal
) * Transbaikal * Khatanga Gulf
Khatanga Gulf
* Baraba Steppe

* Kamchatka Peninsula * Amur Basin * Yenisei Gulf
Yenisei Gulf
* Yenisei Basin * Beringia

EAST

* Japanese archipelago

* Northeastern Japan
Japan
Arc * Sakhalin Island Arc

* Korean Peninsula * Gobi Desert * Taklamakan Desert
Taklamakan Desert
* Greater Khingan * Mongolian Plateau * Inner Asia
Asia
* Inner Mongolia
Mongolia
* Outer Mongolia
Mongolia
* China
China
proper

* Manchuria
Manchuria

* Outer Manchuria
Manchuria
* Inner Manchuria
Manchuria
* Northeast China
China
Plain * Mongolian-Manchurian grassland

* North China
China
Plain * Liaodong Peninsula * Himalayas
Himalayas

* Tibetan Plateau

* Tibet
Tibet

* Tarim Basin
Tarim Basin
* Northern Silk Road * Hexi Corridor
Hexi Corridor
* Nanzhong * Lingnan * Liangguang * Jiangnan * Jianghuai * Guanzhong * Huizhou * Wu * Jiaozhou * Zhongyuan * Shaannan

* Ordos Loop

* Loess Plateau * Shaanbei

* Leizhou Peninsula
Leizhou Peninsula
* Gulf of Tonkin * Yangtze River Delta * Pearl River Delta * Yenisei Basin * Altai Mountains
Altai Mountains
* Wakhan Corridor * Wakhjir Pass

WEST

* Greater Middle East
Middle East

* MENA * Middle East
Middle East

* Red Sea
Red Sea
* Caspian Sea * Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
* Zagros Mountains

* Persian Gulf
Persian Gulf

* Pirate Coast * Strait of Hormuz
Strait of Hormuz
* Greater and Lesser Tunbs

* Al-Faw Peninsula * Gulf of Oman
Gulf of Oman
* Gulf of Aqaba * Gulf of Aden
Gulf of Aden
* Balochistan
Balochistan

* Arabian Peninsula

* Najd
Najd
* Hejaz
Hejaz
* Tihamah * Eastern Arabia

* South Arabia
South Arabia

* Hadhramaut
Hadhramaut
* Arabian Peninsula coastal fog desert

* Tigris–Euphrates

* Mesopotamia

* Upper Mesopotamia * Lower Mesopotamia * Sawad * Nineveh plains * Akkad (region)
Akkad (region)

* Canaan
Canaan
* Aram * Eber-Nari * Eastern Mediterranean
Eastern Mediterranean
* Mashriq
Mashriq

* Levant
Levant

* Southern Levant
Levant
* Transjordan * Jordan Rift Valley

* Levantine Sea * Golan Heights
Golan Heights
* Hula Valley * Gaza Strip
Gaza Strip
* West Bank
West Bank
* Galilee
Galilee
* Gilead * Judea
Judea
* Samaria
Samaria
* Arabah * Anti-Lebanon Mountains * Sinai Peninsula
Sinai Peninsula
* Arabian Desert
Arabian Desert
* Syrian Desert * Fertile Crescent
Fertile Crescent
* Azerbaijan * Syria * Palestine * Iranian plateau * Armenian Highlands

* Caucasus
Caucasus

* Caucasus
Caucasus
mountains

* Greater Caucasus
Caucasus
* Lesser Caucasus
Caucasus

* North Caucasus
Caucasus

* South Caucasus
Caucasus

* Kur-Araz Lowland * Lankaran Lowland
Lankaran Lowland
* Alborz * Absheron Peninsula

* Anatolia
Anatolia
* Cilicia
Cilicia
* Cappadocia * Alpide belt

SOUTH

* Greater India
India
* Indian subcontinent * Himalayas
Himalayas
* Hindu Kush * Western Ghats
Western Ghats
* Eastern Ghats
Eastern Ghats
* Ganges Basin * Ganges Delta * Pashtunistan * Punjab * Balochistan
Balochistan
* Thar Desert * Indus Valley * Indus River
Indus River
Delta * Indus Valley Desert * Indo-Gangetic Plain * Eastern coastal plains * Western Coastal Plains * Meghalaya subtropical forests * Lower Gangetic plains moist deciduous forests * Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows * Doab * Bagar region * Great Rann of Kutch * Little Rann of Kutch * Deccan Plateau * Coromandel Coast * Konkan * False Divi Point * Hindi Belt * Lakshadweep * Bay of Bengal
Bay of Bengal
* Gulf of Khambhat * Gulf of Kutch * Gulf of Mannar * Trans-Karakoram Tract * Wakhan Corridor * Wakhjir Pass * Andaman and Nicobar Islands
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
* Maldive Islands * Alpide belt

SOUTHEAST

* Mainland

* Indochina
Indochina
* Malay Peninsula

* Maritime

* Peninsular Malaysia
Malaysia
* Sunda Islands * Greater Sunda Islands * Lesser Sunda Islands

* Indonesian Archipelago * Timor
Timor

* New Guinea
New Guinea

* Bonis Peninsula * Papuan Peninsula * Huon Peninsula * Huon Gulf * Bird\'s Head Peninsula * Gazelle Peninsula

* Philippine Archipelago

* Luzon
Luzon
* Visayas
Visayas
* Mindanao
Mindanao

* Leyte Gulf * Gulf of Thailand
Thailand
* East
East
Indies * Nanyang * Alpide belt

* Asia-Pacific * Tropical Asia
Asia
* Ring of Fire

* v * t * e

Regions of Europe
Europe

NORTH

* Nordic * Northwestern * Scandinavia
Scandinavia
* Scandinavian Peninsula * Fennoscandia * Baltoscandia
Baltoscandia
* Sápmi * West Nordic * Baltic * Gulf of Bothnia * Iceland
Iceland
* Faroe Islands

EAST

* Danubian countries * Prussia * Galicia

* Sambia Peninsula
Sambia Peninsula

* Amber Coast
Amber Coast

* Curonian Spit * Izyum Trail * Lithuania Minor * Nemunas Delta
Nemunas Delta
* Baltic

* Southeastern

* Balkans
Balkans
* Aegean Islands
Aegean Islands
* Gulf of Chania * North Caucasus
Caucasus
* Greater Caucasus
Caucasus
* Kabardia

* European Russia
Russia

* Southern Russia
Russia

CENTRAL

* Alpine states * Alpide belt * Mitteleuropa * Visegrád Group

WEST

* Benelux
Benelux
* Low Countries
Low Countries
* Northwest * British Isles
British Isles
* English Channel * Channel Islands
Channel Islands
* Cotentin Peninsula
Cotentin Peninsula
* Normandy
Normandy
* Brittany
Brittany
* Gulf of Lion

* Iberia

* Al-Andalus * Baetic System

* Pyrenees
Pyrenees
* Alpide belt

SOUTH

* Italian Peninsula * Insular Italy * Tuscan Archipelago
Tuscan Archipelago
* Aegadian Islands

* Iberia

* Al-Andalus * Baetic System

* Gibraltar Arc * Southeastern * Mediterranean * Crimea
Crimea
* Donbass
Donbass
* Sloboda Ukraine * Alpide belt

* Germanic * Romance * Celtic * Slavic countries * Uralic * European Plain
European Plain
* Eurasian Steppe * Pontic–Caspian steppe * Wild Fields
Wild Fields

* Pannonian Basin
Pannonian Basin

* Great Hungarian Plain
Great Hungarian Plain
* Little Hungarian Plain * Eastern Slovak Lowland

* Volhynia * Karelia
Karelia
* East
East
Karelia
Karelia

* v * t * e

Regions of Oceania
Oceania

AUSTRALASIA

* Gulf of Carpentaria
Gulf of Carpentaria

* New Guinea
New Guinea

* Bonis Peninsula * Papuan Peninsula * Huon Peninsula * Huon Gulf * Bird\'s Head Peninsula * Gazelle Peninsula

* New Zealand
New Zealand

* South Island
South Island

* North Island

* Coromandel Peninsula

* Zealandia
Zealandia
* New Caledonia
New Caledonia
* Solomon Islands (archipelago)
Solomon Islands (archipelago)

* Vanuatu
Vanuatu

* Kula Gulf

* Australia
Australia
* Capital Country * Eastern Australia
Australia
* Lake Eyre basin
Lake Eyre basin
* Murray–Darling basin * Northern Australia
Australia
* Nullarbor Plain
Nullarbor Plain
* Outback

* Southern Australia
Australia

* Maralinga

* Sunraysia * Great Victoria Desert
Great Victoria Desert
* Gulf of Carpentaria
Gulf of Carpentaria
* Gulf St Vincent * Lefevre Peninsula
Lefevre Peninsula
* Fleurieu Peninsula * Yorke Peninsula
Yorke Peninsula
* Eyre Peninsula * Mornington Peninsula
Mornington Peninsula
* Bellarine Peninsula * Mount Henry Peninsula

MELANESIA

* Islands Region

* Bismarck Archipelago * Solomon Islands Archipelago

* Fiji
Fiji
* New Caledonia
New Caledonia
* Papua New Guinea
New Guinea
* Vanuatu
Vanuatu

MICRONESIA

* Caroline Islands

* Federated States of Micronesia
Micronesia
* Palau
Palau

* Guam
Guam
* Kiribati * Marshall Islands * Nauru * Northern Mariana Islands * Wake Island

POLYNESIA

* Easter Island
Easter Island
* Hawaiian Islands
Hawaiian Islands
* Cook Islands
Cook Islands

* French Polynesia
Polynesia

* Austral Islands * Gambier Islands * Marquesas Islands * Society Islands
Society Islands
* Tuamotu

* Kermadec Islands * Mangareva Islands * Samoa
Samoa
* Tokelau * Tonga
Tonga
* Tuvalu
Tuvalu

* Ring of Fire

* v * t * e

Polar regions

ANTARCTIC

* Antarctic
Antarctic
Peninsula * East
East
Antarctica * West Antarctica
West Antarctica
* Eklund Islands * Ecozone * Extreme points * Islands

ARCTIC

* Arctic
Arctic
Alaska * British Arctic
Arctic
Territories * Canadian Arctic Archipelago
Canadian Arctic Archipelago
* Finnmark
Finnmark
* Greenland
Greenland
* Northern Canada
Canada
* Northwest Territories
Northwest Territories
* Nunavik * Nunavut
Nunavut
* Russian Arctic
Arctic
* Sakha * Sápmi * Yukon
Yukon
* North American Arctic
Arctic

* v * t * e

Earth
Earth
's oceans and seas

ARCTIC OCEAN

* Amundsen Gulf * Barents Sea * Beaufort Sea * Chukchi Sea * East
East
Siberian Sea * Greenland
Greenland
Sea * Gulf of Boothia * Kara Sea * Laptev Sea * Lincoln Sea
Lincoln Sea
* Prince Gustav Adolf Sea
Prince Gustav Adolf Sea
* Pechora Sea * Queen Victoria Sea * Wandel Sea * White Sea

ATLANTIC OCEAN

* Adriatic Sea
Adriatic Sea
* Aegean Sea * Alboran Sea * Archipelago Sea * Argentine Sea * Baffin Bay * Balearic Sea
Balearic Sea
* Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
* Bay of Biscay
Bay of Biscay
* Bay of Bothnia * Bay of Campeche * Bay of Fundy
Bay of Fundy
* Black Sea
Black Sea
* Bothnian Sea * Caribbean
Caribbean
Sea * Celtic Sea * English Channel * Foxe Basin * Greenland
Greenland
Sea * Gulf of Bothnia * Gulf of Finland * Gulf of Lion * Gulf of Guinea * Gulf of Maine * Gulf of Mexico
Mexico
* Gulf of Saint Lawrence * Gulf of Sidra * Gulf of Venezuela * Hudson Bay
Hudson Bay
* Ionian Sea
Ionian Sea
* Irish Sea * Irminger Sea
Irminger Sea
* James Bay * Labrador Sea
Labrador Sea
* Levantine Sea * Libyan Sea * Ligurian Sea * Marmara Sea * Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
* Myrtoan Sea * North Sea
North Sea
* Norwegian Sea
Norwegian Sea
* Sargasso Sea * Sea of Åland * Sea of Azov * Sea of Crete * Sea of the Hebrides * Thracian Sea * Tyrrhenian Sea * Wadden Sea
Wadden Sea

INDIAN OCEAN

* Andaman Sea * Arabian Sea
Arabian Sea
* Bali Sea
Bali Sea
* Bay of Bengal
Bay of Bengal
* Flores Sea * Great Australian Bight
Great Australian Bight
* Gulf of Aden
Gulf of Aden
* Gulf of Aqaba * Gulf of Khambhat * Gulf of Kutch * Gulf of Oman
Gulf of Oman
* Gulf of Suez * Java Sea * Laccadive Sea * Mozambique Channel * Persian Gulf
Persian Gulf
* Red Sea
Red Sea
* Timor
Timor
Sea

PACIFIC OCEAN

* Arafura Sea * Banda Sea * Bering Sea * Bismarck Sea * Bohai Sea * Bohol Sea * Camotes Sea * Celebes Sea * Ceram Sea
Ceram Sea
* Chilean Sea * Coral Sea * East
East
China
China
Sea * Gulf of Alaska * Gulf of Anadyr * Gulf of California * Gulf of Carpentaria
Gulf of Carpentaria
* Gulf of Fonseca * Gulf of Panama * Gulf of Thailand
Thailand
* Gulf of Tonkin * Halmahera Sea * Koro Sea * Mar de Grau * Molucca Sea * Moro Gulf * Philippine Sea
Philippine Sea
* Salish Sea * Savu Sea * Sea of Japan
Japan
* Sea of Okhotsk
Sea of Okhotsk
* Seto Inland Sea
Seto Inland Sea
* Shantar Sea * Sibuyan Sea * Solomon Sea * South China
China
Sea * Sulu Sea * Tasman Sea
Tasman Sea
* Visayan Sea