The Far-Western Development Region (Nepali: सुदुर
क्षेत्र, Sudur Pashchimānchal Bikās Kshetra) was one
of Nepal's five development regions. It was located at the western end
of the country and had its headquarters in Dipayal.
The Far-Western Region covered 19,539 square kilometers. It had nine
districts with the regional headquarters at Dipayal,
The Far-Western Region was remote and developmentally challenged. Some
44% of people in the Far West Hills and 49% in the Himalayan districts
lived below the poverty line. The region had limited basic services.
The difficult topography complicated development. The region had
complex socio-economic structures along with widespread gender- and
caste-based discrimination. Traditional systems associated with
religion, culture and customs had limited overall development.
It comprised two zones:
The region was sometimes called the
Doti region, which some believe
originated from 'Dovati' meaning land between two rivers. Others
believed it originated from the Hindu god Dev and Aatavi, meaning the
place of re-creation. History went back to the 13th century when
Niranjan Malldeo founded the
Doti Kingdom following the fall of the
Katyuri Kings. Dotiyali and Kumauni were spoken there. Deuda, Jhoda,
Bhada etc. were traditional regional dances and
Gaura/Gamara is the biggest festival.
1.2 Mongol/Mughal invasion
2 Major cities
3 Akhand Sudurpaschim
5 External links
Doti was an ancient kingdom of the Far-Western region of
was formed after disintegration of the Katyuri kingdom of Uttarakhand
and the Far-Western region during the 13th century.
Doti was one of
eight princely states formed after the kingdom broke up. The others
were Baijnath-Katyuri, Dwarahat, Doti, Baramandal, Askot, Sira, Sora
and Sui (Kali kumaon). The kingdom broke up because of the invasion of
Khas kings Ashoka challa and Krachalla from
Karnali Zone (Dullu) of
Nepal in 1191 and 1223 respectively. Later on, the land between
Ramganga on the west (Uttarakhand) and the Karnali on the east (which
divides the Far-Western region from the rest of Nepal) came under
Raikas after the origin of Raikas of Katyuris in Doti. "Brahma Dev
Kanchanpur District of
Mahakali Zone was established by
Katyuri king Brahma Dev.
Niranjan Malla Dev founded
Doti Kingdom around the 13th century after
the fall of Katyuris Kingdom. He was the son of Last Katyuris of
united Katyuris kingdom. Kings of
Doti were known as Raikas (also
known as Rainka Maharaj). The Raikas, after the overthrow
of Karnali Zone, formed a Raikas Kingdom in the Far-Western Region and
Kumaun that was called Doti. So far, the historical evidence for the
following Raikas has been discovered:
Niranjan Malla Dev (Founder of
Doti Kingdom), Nagi Malla (1238), Ripu
Malla (1279), Nirai Pal (1353 may be of
Askot and historical evidence
of him from 1354 AD has been found in Almoda), Nag Malla (1384), Dhir
Malla (1400), Ripu Malla (1410), Anand Malla (1430), Balinarayan Malla
(not known), Sansar Malla (1442), Kalyan Malla (1443), Suratan Malla
(1478), Kriti Malla (1482), Prithivi Malla (1488), Medini Jay Malla
(1512), Ashok Malla (1517), Raj Malla (1539), Arjun Malla/Sahi (not
known but he was ruling Sira as Malla and
Doti as Shahi), Bhupati
Malla/Shahi (1558), Sagaram Shahi (1567), Hari Malla/Shahi (1581 Last
Raikas King of Sira and adjoining part of Nepal), Rudra Shahi (1630),
Vikram Shahi (1642), Mandhata Shahi (1671), Raghunath Shahi (1690),
Hari Shahi (1720), Krishna Shahi (1760), Deep Shahi (1785), Prithivi
pati Shahi (1790, 'he had fought against the Nepali Ruler (Gorkhali
Ruler) with British in 1814 A.D').
The historic place of war between the
Doti Kingdom and
kingdom) during the period of Gorkha Expansion in 1790, according to
the history of Nepal, is Nari-Dang, on the bank of the Seti River. The
Dumrakot was the base of
Doti Kingdom for fighting against Gorkhali.
During the period of Akbar, 16th century, Mongols (Mughals) attacked
the Raikas. They invaded Ajemeru, capital of the Raikas Kingdom.
Ajemeru is now in
Dadeldhura District in the Far-Western region.
According to Indo-Persian historian Abd-ul-Qadir Bada'uni (c. 1540 –
1615), Army Chief of Akbar, Khan, lured by the wealth and treasury of
the Raikas state, attempted to plunder the state, but did not
Dhangadhi Municipality was located in
Kailali District of Seti Zone.
Mahendranagar was the headquarters of the
Kanchanpur District in
Mahakali Zone. It was located on the Mahakali River, 6 km north
India border, and was inhabited by the indigenous Tharu people
and other groups.
Tikapur was another biggest city in the Far-Western
region. It was popular for tourism and trade as it serves the best
transit point for Nepal-
India border in the Far-Western region.
Dipayal-Silgadhi Municipality is the headquarters of
Doti District and
the Far-Western Region. It was within trekking distance of Khaptad
Dipayal was also the name of the valley encompassing
the Seti River.
Amargadhi was the headquarters of Dadeldhura District.
Akhand Sudurpaschim (अखण्ड
सुदूरपश्चिम) is a movement orchestrated by the
natives of Far Western Region aiming to create a separate state and
self-determination rights for the native population. Natives have
claimed two districts of
Madhesh plain region: Kailali and Kanchanpur,
Madheshi based parties want a separate
Madhesh province along
with the two districts that geographically lie in the Terai-Madhesh
Plains. The Far Western Region, inhabited by a majority of Doteli
speaking people as of the 2011 census, shares a border with the Indian
Uttarakhand and shares a similar ethnicity, language and
culture. A movement against the central Sate “half-blood behavior"
began on 26 April 2012, effectively halting state services, and ended
upon the dissolution of the constitutional assembly on 28 May 2012.
^ "An Overview of the Far Western Region of
Platform". Un.org.np. 2011-05-20. Retrieved 2015-06-04.
^ "History of Dolpa". Topnepal.com. Retrieved 2015-06-04.
^ "Courthouse in Far-Western Region, Nepal". Mygola.com. Retrieved
^ "Kumaon History". Thekumaonhills.com. 1947-03-29. Retrieved
Places adjacent to Far-Western Development Region, Nepal
Tibet Autonomous Region, China
Uttar Pradesh, India
Former Development regions and zones of
Eastern Region (Purwanchal)
Central Region (Madhyamanchal)
Western Region (Pashchimanchal)
Mid-Western Region (Madhya Pashchimanchal)
Far-Western Region (Sudur Pashchimanchal)
Coordinates: 29°16′N 80°56′E / 29.267°N 80.933°E /