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Fallschirmjäger
Fallschirmjäger
(German: [ˈfalʃɪʁmˌjɛːɡə] ( listen)) is the German word for paratroopers. They played an important role during World War II, when, together with the Gebirgsjäger
Gebirgsjäger
they were perceived as the elite infantry units of the German military. After World War II, they were reconstituted as parts of postwar armed forces of both West and East Germany, mainly as special ops troops. German Fallschirmjäger
Fallschirmjäger
in World War II
World War II
were the first paratroopers to be committed in large-scale airborne operations. They came to be known as the "green devils" by the Allied forces they fought against.[1] The word Fallschirmjäger
Fallschirmjäger
is from the German Fallschirm, "parachute", and Jäger, literally 'hunter,' which refers in this context to light infantry.

Contents

1 Nazi
Nazi
Germany
Germany
(1935–45) 2 Bundeswehr
Bundeswehr
Fallschirmjäger
Fallschirmjäger
(after 1945) 3 National People's Army (East Germany) 4 Bibliography 5 References

Nazi
Nazi
Germany
Germany
(1935–45)[edit] Main article: Fallschirmjäger
Fallschirmjäger
(World War II)

Paratrooper's badge issued in 1936

In the 1930s Hermann Göring, after having observed Soviet airborne infantry maneuvers, became committed to the creation of Germany's airborne infantry.[2][3] He ordered the formation of a specialist police unit in 1933, devoted to protecting Nazi
Nazi
party officials. The unit carried out conventional police duties for the next two years,[4] but in 1935, Göring transformed it into Germany's first dedicated airborne regiment.[4] The unit was incorporated into the newly formed Luftwaffe
Luftwaffe
later that year and training commenced. Göring also ordered that a group of volunteers be drawn for parachute training. These volunteers would form a cadre for a future Fallschirmtruppe ("parachute troops").[4] In January 1936, 600 men and officers formed a Jäger and an engineer company.[5] Germany's parachute arm was officially inaugurated in 1936[6] with a call for recruits for a parachute training school. The school was open to Luftwaffe
Luftwaffe
personnel, who were required to successfully complete six jumps in order to receive the Luftwaffe
Luftwaffe
parachutist's badge.[6] During World War II, the German Air Force (Luftwaffe) raised a variety of airborne light infantry (Fallschirmjäger) units. The Luftwaffe built up a division-sized unit of three Fallschirmjäger
Fallschirmjäger
regiments plus supporting arms and air assets, known as the 7th Flieger Division. Throughout World War II, the Fallschirmjäger
Fallschirmjäger
overall commander was Kurt Student. Fallschirmjäger
Fallschirmjäger
participated in the occupation of Norway and Denmark and in the battles of Belgium, the Netherlands and France
France
in 1940. They also took part in the Balkans Campaign, Battle of Crete, Italian Campaign, and on both the Eastern Front and later the Western Front would follow. Bundeswehr
Bundeswehr
Fallschirmjäger
Fallschirmjäger
(after 1945)[edit]

Badge of the Fallschirmjäger
Fallschirmjäger
(Bundeswehr)

Fallschirmjäger
Fallschirmjäger
of 26th Air Assault Battalion
Battalion
at the 2007 Bastille Day Military Parade.

In the modern German Bundeswehr, Fallschirmjäger
Fallschirmjäger
continue to form the core of special operations units. The division has two brigade equivalents and several independent companies and battalions. All told, about 10,000 troops served in that division in 2010, most of them support or logistics personnel. The division has the following structure:

Special
Special
Operations Division

Headquarters and Signal Company (stationed in Stadtallendorf) former time Battalion Army Band 300 (Koblenz) Airborne Brigade 1 (Saarlouis)

Headquarters Company (Saarlouis) Parachute Regiment
Regiment
26 1./ Staff Support Companie 2./ 3./ Parachute-Commando 4./ 5./ 6./ Parachute Companies 7./ Parachute Heavy Weapon 8./ Parachut-Support 9./ Parachute-Medical 10./Reserve Airborne Reconnaissance Company 260 (Zweibrücken) Airborne Engineer Company 260 (Saarlouis) Parachute Regiment
Regiment
31 1./ Staff Support Companie 2./ 3./ Parachute-Commando 4./ 5./ 6./ Parachute Companies 7./ Parachute Heavy Weapon 8./ Parachut-Support 9./ Parachute-Medical 10./Reserve Airborne Reconnaissance Company 310 (Seedorf) Airborne Engineer Company 270 (Seedorf)

Special
Special
Forces Command (KSK) (Calw)

The vast majority of division members are deployable by parachute, and all of it is at least air mobile. Almost all vehicles and heavy equipment are transportable by helicopter, including special lightly armoured Wiesel heavy weapon transport vehicles adopted for this purpose. In addition to the Special
Special
Operations Division, Germany
Germany
is also setting up an air mobile or air assault regiment. former troops

Airborne Air Defence Missile Battery 100 (Seedorf) - given out to Air Force Long Range Reconnaissance Training Company 200 (Pfullendorf) - Platoons in Airborne Reconnaissance Companies Airborne Brigade 26 (Saarlouis) and Airborne Brigade 31 (Oldenburg) - both now Airborne Brigade 1

Fallschirmjäger
Fallschirmjäger
Battalion
Battalion
261 (Lebach) Airborne Support Battalion
Battalion
262 (Merzig) Fallschirmjäger
Fallschirmjäger
Battalion
Battalion
263 (Zweibrücken)

Airborne Brigade 31 (Oldenburg)

Headquarters Company (Oldenburg) Fallschirmjäger
Fallschirmjäger
Battalion
Battalion
313 (Seedorf) Fallschirmjäger
Fallschirmjäger
Battalion
Battalion
373 (Seedorf) Airborne Support Battalion
Battalion
272 (Oldenburg, Seedorf)

National People's Army (East Germany)[edit]

NVA Fallschirmjäger
Fallschirmjäger
Uniform.

40. Fallschirmjägerbataillon Willi Sänger
40. Fallschirmjägerbataillon Willi Sänger
was the only airborne infantry formation of the Nationale Volksarmee
Nationale Volksarmee
(NVA). The battalion and its airborne-commando school were based in Prora
Prora
on Rügen (1961–82) and near Potsdam
Potsdam
(1982–90). Officially, the battalion was an airborne unit organized as an NVA light infantry battalion, but in reality it was considered a commando unit. On mission, the companies of the battalion were to be split up into teams of five or six men. As a force with special capabilities, it remained under the direct command of the army high command (Kommando Landstreitkräfte, KdoLaSK). The reconnaissance company of the Felix Dzerzhinsky Guards Regiment (German: Wachregiment "Feliks E. Dzierzynski"), an elite motorized rifle regiment of the Ministry for State Security of the German Democratic Republic (GDR), was a parachute-trained unit. Bibliography[edit]

Ailsby, Christopher (2000). Hitler's Sky Warriors: German Paratroopers in Action, 1939-1945. Staplehurst, UK: Spellmount Limited. ISBN 1-86227-109-7. 

Bell, Kelly. "Costly Capture Of Crete." World War II
World War II
14.1 (1999): 50. MasterFILE Complete. Web. 22 Oct. 2014. References[edit]

^ Green Devils: German Paratroopers 1939-1945 By Jean-Yves Nasse, W. Muhlberger, G. Schubert, Jean-Pierre Villaume, ^ Ailsby, 16 ^ Ailsby, 21 ^ a b c Ailsby, 22 ^ Ailsby, 23 ^ a b Ailsby, 26

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Air force infantry and special forces units

Current

  Special
Special
Operations Group  Airfield Defence Guards  Para-SAR

Agrupación Antisecuestros Aéreos Comandos de Aviación

 PLAAF Airborne Corps  Fusiliers Commandos de l'Air  German Air Force Regiment  Garud Commando Force  Korps Pasukan Khas

Yehidat Shaldag Unit 669

 17º Stormo Incursori  Pasukan Khas Udara  RNZAF Security Forces   Special
Special
Service Wing  710th Special
Special
Operations Wing  Polícia Aérea   Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka
Air Force Regiment  Flygbasjägare  Parachute Reconnaissance Company 17  Royal Thai Air Force Security Force Regiment  Combat Search and Rescue (Turkish Armed Forces)  RAF Regiment

USAF Security Forces USAF Air Support Operations Squadrons USAF Special
Special
Tactics Squadrons

Defunct

Fallschirmjäger Luftwaffe
Luftwaffe
Field Divisions

 Royal Air Force Commandos  Unit 684

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