The Falkland Current (also called Malvinas Current or Falklands Current) is a cold water current that flows northward along the Atlantic coast of Patagonia
as far north as the mouth of the Río de la Plata
. This current results from the movement of water from the West Wind Drift
as it rounds Cape Horn
. It takes its name from the Falkland Islands
( es|Islas Malvinas). This cold current mixes with the tropical Brazil Current
in the Argentine Sea
(see Brazil–Falkland Confluence
), giving it its temperate climate.
[Ecorregión Mar Argentino](_blank)
The current is an equatorward flowing current that carries cold and relatively fresh subantarctic
water. The Falkland Current is a branch of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current
. It transports between 60 and 90 Sverdrups of water with speeds ranging from a half a meter to a meter per second. Hydrographic data in this area is very scarce and thus various hydrographic variables have a great deal of error. The Falkland Current is not a surface current
like the Brazil Current but it extends all the way to the sea-floor. Typical temperatures for the current are around 6 °C, with a salinity of 33.5–34.5 psu.
[Vigan, X., C. Provost, and G. Podesta, 2000: Sea surface velocities from sea surface temperature image sequences 2. Application to the Brazil-Malvinas Confluence area. Journal of Geophysical Research, 105, 19515-19534.]
Category:Currents of the Atlantic Ocean