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Failsworth
Failsworth
is a town within the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham, in Greater Manchester, England.[1] It is 3.7 miles (6.0 km) east-northeast of Manchester city centre
Manchester city centre
and 2.9 miles (4.7 km) south-southwest of Oldham. Failsworth
Failsworth
lies within the orbital M60 motorway, which skirts Failsworth's eastern boundary. The total population of the 2 Wards in Failsworth
Failsworth
(East & West) at the 2011 census was 20,680.[2][3] Historically a part of Lancashire, until the 19th century Failsworth was a small agricultural township linked ecclesiastically with the parish of Manchester.[4] Farming was the main industry of this rural area, with locals supplementing their incomes by hand-loom weaving in the domestic system. The introduction of textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution facilitated a process of unplanned urbanisation in the area, giving rise to Failsworth
Failsworth
as a mill town, marked architecturally by several large redbrick cotton mills. Failsworth's major landmark is the Failsworth
Failsworth
Pole—a maypole which occupies the site of several former political poles. Daisy Nook is a country park at Failsworth's southern boundary with Droylsden. The village of Woodhouses is situated along Failsworth's eastern boundary. Notable residents of Failsworth
Failsworth
have included the poet and writer Benjamin Brierley, who was born and raised by a weaving family.

Contents

1 History 2 Governance 3 Geography 4 Demography

4.1 Population change

5 Economy 6 Landmarks 7 Education 8 Religious sites 9 Transport 10 Twin town 11 Notable people 12 See also 13 References

13.1 Notes 13.2 Bibliography

14 External links

History[edit]

The Parish Church of St John was founded in 1845

Failsworth
Failsworth
derives from the Old English
Old English
fegels and worth; it probably means an "enclosure with a special kind of fence".[5] Unmentioned in the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
of 1086, Failsworth
Failsworth
does not appear in records until 1212, when the name was recorded as Fayleswrthe and the settlement was documented to have been a thegnage estate, or manor, comprising 4 oxgangs of land. 2 oxgangs with an annual rate of 4 shillings were payable by the tenant, Gilbert de Notton, to Adam de Prestwich
Prestwich
who in turn paid tax to King John.[5][6] The remaining 2 oxgangs were held by the Lord of Manchester
Manchester
as part of his fee simple. The Byron family came to acquire all four oxgangs in the mid-13th century, and thus held the entire township. However, apart from a small estate in the township held by Cockersand Abbey, Failsworth
Failsworth
was acquired by the Chetham family, which was then broadly sold to smaller holders.[6] Little more than 300 years ago its population was over just 1,000. Farming was the main industry of the area with villagers supplementing their meagre incomes by hand-loom weaving until the advent of cotton and the Industrial Revolution. In 1745 Bonnie Prince Charlie stayed overnight at the Bull's Head public house.[7] In 1914 the regular Daisy Nook Easter Fair ceased due to the outbreak of war, but reopened in 1920. On 8 June 2007 a 1946 work by L.S. Lowry entitled "Good Friday, Daisy Nook" depicting the Easter Fair was sold for £3,772,000, the then highest price paid for one of his paintings at auction.[8] Another painting by Lowry from 1953 titled ‘Fun Fair at Daisy Nook', sold for £3.4 million in 2011.[9] Governance[edit]

The coat of arms of the former Failsworth Urban District
Failsworth Urban District
council

Lying within the historic county boundaries of Lancashire
Lancashire
since the early 12th century, Failsworth
Failsworth
during the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
formed a township in the parish of Manchester, and hundred of Salford.[1] Following the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834, Failsworth
Failsworth
formed part of the Manchester
Manchester
Poor Law Union, an inter-parish unit established to provide social security.[1] Failsworth's first local authority was a local board of health established in 1863;[1] Failsworth
Failsworth
Local Board of Health was a regulatory body responsible for standards of hygiene and sanitation in the township.[1] Following the Local Government Act 1894, the area of the local board became the Failsworth
Failsworth
Urban District, a local government district within the administrative county of Lancashire.[1] In 1933, there was a small exchange of land with the neighbouring City of Manchester, and in 1954, parts of the Limehurst Rural District was added to Failsworth
Failsworth
Urban District.[1] Under the Local Government Act 1972, the Failsworth Urban District
Failsworth Urban District
was abolished, and Failsworth
Failsworth
has, since 1 April 1974, formed an unparished area of the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham, a local government district of the metropolitan county of Greater Manchester.[1][10] Failsworth
Failsworth
contains two of the twenty wards of the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham; Failsworth
Failsworth
East and Failsworth
Failsworth
West. Failsworth
Failsworth
forms part of the Ashton-under-Lyne
Ashton-under-Lyne
parliamentary constituency and is represented in the House of Commons by Angela Rayner MP, a member of the Labour Party. Geography[edit]

Neighbouring towns, villages and places.

Moston (Manchester) New Moston (Manchester) Chadderton, Hollinwood (Oldham)

Moston (Manchester)

Failsworth

Ashton-under-Lyne
Ashton-under-Lyne
(Tameside)

Newton Heath, Clayton (Manchester) Droylsden
Droylsden
(Tameside) Ashton-under-Lyne
Ashton-under-Lyne
(Tameside)

Further information: Geography of Greater Manchester At 53°30′37″N 2°9′27″W / 53.51028°N 2.15750°W / 53.51028; -2.15750 (53.5102°, -2.1575°) Failsworth
Failsworth
lies 163 miles (262 km) north-northwest of London. Failsworth
Failsworth
is the southernmost tip of the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham. It shares common boundaries with Manchester
Manchester
(from the north to the southwest) and Tameside
Tameside
(from the south to the east). Failsworth
Failsworth
is traversed by the A62 road, from Manchester
Manchester
to Oldham, the former heavy rail line of the Oldham
Oldham
Loop and the Rochdale
Rochdale
Canal, which crosses the north-west corner. The M60 motorway
M60 motorway
passes through Failsworth. For purposes of the Office for National Statistics, Failsworth
Failsworth
forms part of the Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester
Urban Area.[11] The surface of the land in Failsworth
Failsworth
gently slopes from east to west, away from the Pennines
Pennines
and from the brooks which bound it on the north-west and south-east. Failsworth
Failsworth
has a large country park, Daisy Nook, located on its eastern border, on land mostly belonging to the National Trust. The undulating, wooded land is a popular destination for visitors wishing to participate in walking, horse riding, fishing and many other outdoor pursuits. Demography[edit] Further information: Demography of Greater Manchester Population change[edit]

Population growth
Population growth
in Failsworth
Failsworth
since 1901

Year 1901 1911 1921 1931 1939 1951 1961 1981 1991 2001

Population 14,152 15,998 16,973 15,726 17,505 18,032 19,819 20,951 20,160 20,007

Source: A Vision of Britain through Time[12][13][14]

Economy[edit]

The new Tesco
Tesco
supermarket viewed from Ash Street

Failsworth
Failsworth
is a centre for the production of hats, manufacture began as a cottage industry before the firm of Failsworth
Failsworth
Hats was set up in 1903 to manufacture silk hats. For a time the company operated from a factory near the former Failsworth
Failsworth
Council offices and remains in the area to this day.[15] Today, Failsworth's main areas of economic activities are in electrical goods manufacture (such as Russell Hobbs) by Spectrum Brands
Spectrum Brands
(formerly Pifco Ltd, pre-2001), and plastic producers and distributors Hubron Limited. Many Failsworth
Failsworth
residents work in Manchester, with many commuters choosing to live in the area because of its transport links which include the Metrolink tram service from Failsworth Metrolink station
Failsworth Metrolink station
on the Oldham
Oldham
& Rochdale Line. In the July 2007, the Tesco
Tesco
supermarket chain opened one of their 24-hour Extra branches on the banks of the newly regenerated wharf. The move has not been welcomed by small shop owners who have claimed that they have lost customers to the new store and may be forced to close.[16][17][18][19] It was intended that Tesco's arrival would be a catalyst to attract other stores, bars and restaurants to Failsworth.[20] The only other large store in the Failsworth
Failsworth
boundary is a branch of Morrisons
Morrisons
which is situated in the converted Marlborough Mill.[21] Oldham
Oldham
Caravans, a subsidiary of Glossop Caravans have an outlet on Oldham
Oldham
Road in Failsworth. Landmarks[edit]

Failsworth
Failsworth
Pole

A major landmark of the area is Failsworth
Failsworth
Pole on Oldham
Oldham
Road. The first 'political pole' was erected in 1793 although a local historian suggests there were others before and that maypoles probably stood on the site for centuries. The pole that now stands on the site replaces one blown down in 1950. Following a major restoration of the Pole, clock tower and gardens in 2006 a bronze statue of Benjamin Brierley
Benjamin Brierley
was erected in the gardens.[22] At the road junction of the A62 with Ashton Road West stands the cenotaph, built in 1923 in remembrance to over 200 Failsworth
Failsworth
men who lost their lives in the First World War. Attendances at the cenotaph on Remembrance Sunday
Remembrance Sunday
remain high, averaging around 2,000 people.[23] The annual Remembrance parade is led by 202 Field Squadron, RE (TA),[24] who are based in Failsworth. In June 2007 the war memorial was rededicated after at £136,000 makeover by the Failsworth
Failsworth
War Memorial Steering Group, and opened by Colonel Sir John B. Timmins. Education[edit] The local comprehensive is Failsworth
Failsworth
School, which moved to a new building in 2008 (previously two separate buildings known as the Upper School and the Lower School) which caters for children aged between 11–16 years of age. The £28 million project allowed secondary schooling in the town to come under one roof as opposed to the previous Lower and Upper schools on Partington
Partington
Street and Brierley Avenue. The school has specialist Sports College status.[25]

School Type/Status Headteacher OfSTED Location Reference

Failsworth Secondary School Mr P Quirk 105735 53°30′27″N 2°08′48″W / 53.507620°N 2.146614°W / 53.507620; -2.146614 [26]

Woodhouses Voluntary (Controlled) Primary School Mrs R Bentham 105688 53°30′16″N 2°08′03″W / 53.504482°N 2.134096°W / 53.504482; -2.134096 [27]

South Failsworth
Failsworth
County Primary School Mr Michael Jones 105656 53°29′57″N 2°09′32″W / 53.499164°N 2.158921°W / 53.499164; -2.158921 [28]

Higher Failsworth
Failsworth
(Stansfield Road) Primary & Infant School Mrs Susan Kitchen 134784 53°30′51″N 2°08′55″W / 53.514258°N 2.148734°W / 53.514258; -2.148734 [29]

St. John's CofE Primary School

53°30′39″N 2°09′13″W / 53.510729°N 2.153525°W / 53.510729; -2.153525

St. John's CofE Primary School Mr Gerard Kehoe 105712 53°30′32″N 2°09′03″W / 53.508982°N 2.150887°W / 53.508982; -2.150887 [30]

St. Mary's R.C. Primary & Infant School Mrs Bernadette Cunningham 105727 53°30′17″N 2°09′36″W / 53.504745°N 2.159996°W / 53.504745; -2.159996 [31]

Mather Street Primary School Miss J Adams 105649 53°30′35″N 2°10′06″W / 53.509585°N 2.168270°W / 53.509585; -2.168270 [32]

Pupil Support Centre Special
Special
School Nikki Shaw

53°30′35″N 2°10′06″W / 53.509585°N 2.168270°W / 53.509585; -2.168270 [33][34]

Religious sites[edit]

Name Denomination Leader Location Reference

The Holy Family Church of England Fr Antony James Mills 53°29′53″N 2°09′27″W / 53.497918°N 2.157408°W / 53.497918; -2.157408 [35]

St John's Church of England

53°30′42″N 2°09′16″W / 53.511781°N 2.154473°W / 53.511781; -2.154473 [35]

Woodhouses Church Church of England

53°30′18″N 2°07′59″W / 53.504885°N 2.133061°W / 53.504885; -2.133061 [36]

St. Mary's Roman Catholic Fr Patrick John McKeown 53°30′17″N 2°09′27″W / 53.504623°N 2.157416°W / 53.504623; -2.157416 [37] [38]

Hope Methodist
Methodist
Church Methodist

53°30′55″N 2°09′04″W / 53.515147°N 2.151141°W / 53.515147; -2.151141 [39]

Roman Road Independent Methodist
Methodist
Church Independent Methodist Clifford Ward 53°30′40″N 2°08′59″W / 53.511163°N 2.149825°W / 53.511163; -2.149825 [40]

New Life Church Assemblies of God Elijah Boswell (Pastor) Jack Kenyon Andrew Black David Newberry 53°30′40″N 2°09′14″W / 53.511237°N 2.153803°W / 53.511237; -2.153803 [41]

Dob Lane Unitarian Chapel Unitarianist

53°30′15″N 2°10′37″W / 53.504194°N 2.176965°W / 53.504194; -2.176965 [42]

Macedonia United Reformed Church Rev Sheila Coop 53°30′31″N 2°08′37″W / 53.508652°N 2.143494°W / 53.508652; -2.143494 [43]

Zion Old Baptist Union

53°30′07″N 2°09′48″W / 53.501869°N 2.163218°W / 53.501869; -2.163218 [44]

Faithworks Evangel

53°30′23″N 2°10′01″W / 53.506373°N 2.166806°W / 53.506373; -2.166806 [44]

Failsworth
Failsworth
Salvation Army Community Church The Salvation Army Lieutenants Simon & Victoria Rowney 53°30′48″N 2°09′09″W / 53.513441°N 2.152605°W / 53.513441; -2.152605 [45]

Transport[edit]

The M60 motorway
M60 motorway
from Cutler Hill, Failsworth

Failsworth's main thoroughfare is Oldham
Oldham
road (A62) which links Manchester
Manchester
and Oldham. The M60 is an orbital motorway circling Greater Manchester
Manchester
with access gained via junction 22. The motorway's completion in the Failsworth
Failsworth
area around 1995-2000 saw the installation of a huge graded junction amongst other notable changes to the A62 and the implementation of the motorway itself, meaning a large proportion of rows of buildings around the junction that ran down the A62 were demolished. There are frequent buses running through Failsworth
Failsworth
between Manchester city centre and Oldham
Oldham
on First Greater Manchester's 83 overground service. There is also a frequent service running to Manchester
Manchester
city centre and to Huddersfield/ Saddleworth
Saddleworth
via Oldham
Oldham
with services 180 and 184. Other destinations which can be reached from Failsworth
Failsworth
on the bus are Ashton-under-Lyne, Chadderton, Huddersfield, Rochdale, Royton, Saddleworth
Saddleworth
and Shaw and Crompton. Failsworth
Failsworth
tram stop, located on Hardman Lane, is on Manchester's Metrolink network. At peak times, trams run every 6 minutes towards East Didsbury via central Manchester
Manchester
and towards Rochdale
Rochdale
or Shaw and Crompton via Oldham. At offpeak times, trams run every 12 minutes to East Didsbury and Rochdale. Previously it was an unmanned rail station managed by Northern and allowed passengers to transit to Manchester Victoria or Rochdale
Rochdale
via Oldham.[46] It closed in October 2009 for conversion to Metrolink under the phase 3a extension of the Metrolink, and re-opened as a tram stop in 2012.[47] Twin town[edit]

Country

Place

County / District / Region / State Originally twinned with Date

Germany

Landsberg am Lech

Bavaria Failsworth
Failsworth
Urban District 1974[48]

Notable people[edit] See also: List of people from Oldham

Benjamin Brierley
Benjamin Brierley
statue at Failsworth

The weaver, poet, essayist and writer, Benjamin Brierley, was born in Failsworth
Failsworth
and was famed for his work in the Lancashire
Lancashire
dialect. A statue was erected of him in 1898 in Queens Park, Manchester. A bronze statue is in the public gardens by The Pole.[49] In the field of politics, Sir Elkanah Armitage
Elkanah Armitage
was a 19th-century industrialist, Liberal Party politician and former Lord Mayor of Manchester.[50][51] In the modern politics, Jim McMahon MP, the former leader of Oldham
Oldham
Council represents the Oldham
Oldham
West and Royton parliamentary constituency for the Labour Party. Gary Mounfield
Gary Mounfield
is a musician who was a member of the internationally renowned band, the Stone Roses during the Madchester
Madchester
period and later joined the Primal Scream.[52][53] Dale Longworth is a musician and music producer with the electronic music group, N-Trance, who found fame with the record Set You Free.[54] James Mudriczki, Lowell Killen, Kevin Matthews, Tony Szuminski (and former member Neil McDonald) make up the line-up for the Alternative rock
Alternative rock
band Puressence. The group have charted in the Top 40 on a number of occasions and have large fanbase throughout Greece.[55] Broadcaster, journalist and retired cricketer, Mike Atherton, was brought up in the Lord Lane area of the town. The former Lancashire and England
England
captain has a road, Atherton Close, named after him opposite the cricket club in Woodhouses where he played in his youth.[56][57][58] Boxer, Anthony Farnell, is a former WBU Middleweight champion who was known as the Woodhouse Warrior.[59][60] Retiring at the age of 25, Farnell has since become a fight trainer and owns a gym (Arnie's Gym) in nearby Newton Heath
Newton Heath
where he has tutored David Barnes (BBBofC Light welterweight champion), Anthony Crolla (2006 ABA Lightweight champion)[61] and Frankie Gavin (2007 World Amateur Boxing
Boxing
Championships gold medal winner).[62] Former Manchester
Manchester
United footballer, Ronnie Wallwork, lived in Woodhouses. Supermodel
Supermodel
Agyness Deyn
Agyness Deyn
was brought up in the area before her family moved to Ramsbottom.[63] Athlete Mike Coogin is twice European Masters Athletics Champion at 400m (Poland-2015, Italy 2016). At the 2017 World Masters Athletics Championships in South Korea, Mike took silver in the individual 400m and anchored GB to Gold in the sprint relay, finishing the indoor season ranked #1 in the world for 200m and 400m. Mike lived in Failsworth
Failsworth
whilst attending St Bede's College and is currently competing on behalf of East Cheshire Harriers.[64][65] See also[edit]

Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester
portal

Listed buildings in Failsworth

References[edit] Notes[edit]

^ a b c d e f g h " Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester
Gazetteer". Greater Manchester County Record Office. Places names - D to F. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 9 July 2007.  ^ " Oldham
Oldham
Ward/ Failsworth
Failsworth
West Ward population 2011". Retrieved 6 January 2016.  ^ " Oldham
Oldham
Ward/ Failsworth
Failsworth
East ward population 2011". Retrieved 6 January 2016.  ^ Lewis 1848, pp. 206–209. ^ a b Mills, A.D. (2003). A Dictionary of British Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-852758-6.  (subscription required) ^ a b Brownbill & Farrer 1911, pp. 273–274. ^ "Welcome to the award winning". Failsworth.info. Archived from the original on 19 February 2010. Retrieved 13 February 2012.  ^ "Lowry work fetches record £3.8m". BBC News. 8 June 2007. Retrieved 16 January 2008.  ^ John Stevens (17 November 2011). "Lowry's Piccadilly Circus equals £5.6m record at Christie's Mail Online". London: Dailymail.co.uk. Retrieved 13 February 2012.  ^ HMSO. Local Government Act 1972. 1972 c.70. ^ Office for National Statistics
Office for National Statistics
(2001). "Census 2001:Key Statistics for urban areas in the North; Map 3" (PDF). statistics.gov.uk. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 January 2007. Retrieved 9 July 2007.  ^ "Census 2001 Key Statistics - Urban area results by population size of urban area". ons.gov.uk. Office for National Statistics. 22 July 2004. KS01 Usual resident population . Retrieved 22 September 2009.  ^ " Greater Manchester
Greater Manchester
Urban Area 1991 Census". National Statistics. Archived from the original on 5 February 2009. Retrieved 22 September 2009.  ^ "1981 Key Statistics for Urban Areas: The North Table 1". Office for National Statistics. 1981.  ^ " Failsworth
Failsworth
hats". failsworth-hats. Archived from the original on 17 January 2010. Retrieved 11 February 2010.  ^ "Tesco's killing us say small traders". Oldham
Oldham
Advertiser. M.E.N. Media. 23 August 2007. Retrieved 13 February 2012.  ^ Conn, David (25 July 2007). " Supermarket
Supermarket
sweep-up". The Guardian. London.  ^ Richardson, Anne (12 November 2003). " Tesco
Tesco
target Failsworth". Oldham
Oldham
Advertiser. M.E.N. Media. Retrieved 13 February 2012.  ^ Akbor, Ruhubia (6 February 2008). "Failsworth's £30m new look". Oldham
Oldham
Advertiser. M.E.N. Media. Retrieved 13 February 2012.  ^ Conn, David (8 October 2008). "Buying into it". The Guardian. London.  ^ "Chingford Store details". Morrisons. Retrieved 13 February 2012.  ^ J. McMahon and J. Crompton, The History of Failsworth
Failsworth
Pole and the Ben Brierley Statue published June 2006. ^ [1] ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 11 February 2009. Retrieved 27 October 2008.  ^ [2] Archived 25 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine. ^ " Failsworth
Failsworth
School". School Finder. OfSTED. Retrieved 2 March 2009.  ^ "Woodhouses Voluntary (Controlled) Primary School". School Finder. OfSTED. Retrieved 2 March 2009.  ^ "South Failsworth
Failsworth
County Primary School". School Finder. OfSTED. Retrieved 1 November 2008.  ^ "Higher Failsworth
Failsworth
(Stansfield Road) Infants School". School Finder. OfSTED. Retrieved 2 March 2009.  ^ "St. John's C of E Junior School". School Finder. OfSTED. Retrieved 2 March 2009.  ^ "St. Mary's R.C. Primary School". School Finder. OfSTED. Retrieved 2 March 2009.  ^ "Mather Street Primary School". School Finder. OfSTED. Retrieved 1 November 2008.  ^ "Hardman Fold Community Special
Special
School Oldham: Read Parent Reviews & Rankings". Schoolsnet.com. 17 March 2009. Retrieved 13 February 2012.  ^ Ferguson, James (3 November 2004). "Pupils return to troubled school". Oldham
Oldham
Advertiser. M.E.N. Media. Retrieved 13 February 2012.  ^ a b " Oldham
Oldham
Deanery - The Church of England
England
Diocese of Manchester". Manchester.anglican.org. Retrieved 13 February 2012.  ^ [3] Archived 12 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Cooke, Fr. Michael; Fr. Francis Parkinson (2008). Salford Diocesan Almanac 2009. Salford: Gemini Print (Wigan). p. 232. Archived from the original on 1 December 2008.  ^ "The Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
Parish of Holy Souls". Holysouls.freeserve.co.uk. Archived from the original on 24 May 2013. Retrieved 13 February 2012.  ^ "Hope Methodist
Methodist
Church, Failsworth". Findachurch.co.uk. Retrieved 13 February 2012.  ^ "romanroadchurch". Romanroadchurch.googlepages.com. Retrieved 13 February 2012.  ^ http://www.newlife-church.co.uk/ ^ "The Manchester
Manchester
District Association of Unitarian and Free Christian Churches". Unitarian.org.uk. Archived from the original on 20 February 2012. Retrieved 13 February 2012.  ^ [4] Archived 7 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine. ^ a b "Zion Old Baptist Union, Failsworth, Lancashire
Lancashire
genealogy". GENUKI. 31 May 2011. Retrieved 13 February 2012.  ^ "Failsworth". The Salvation Army. Archived from the original on 20 February 2012. Retrieved 13 February 2012.  ^ [5] Archived 6 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Tony Williams LRTA Manchester
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Area Officer. " Manchester
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Metrolink — Oldham
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and Rochdale
Rochdale
Line". Lrta.org. Archived from the original on 11 February 2012. Retrieved 13 February 2012.  ^ Greer, Stuart (30 October 2007). "Twins separated". Oldham Advertiser. M.E.N. Media. Retrieved 13 February 2012.  ^ "Ben Brierley statue". John Cassidy. 14 June 2006. Retrieved 13 February 2012.  ^ John Moss (2005). "Politicians, Law & Social Reformers (10 of 12)". Manchester
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Politicians & the Northwest of England. Papillon ( Manchester
Manchester
UK) Limited. Archived from the original on 2 October 2013. Retrieved 31 December 2008.  ^ * Hampson, Charles Phillips (1930). Salford Through the Ages: The "Fons Et Origo" of an Industrial City. Manchester: E J Morton.  ^ Taylor, Steve (2004) The A to X of Alternative Music, Continuum, ISBN 0-8264-7396-2 ^ Madchester. Allmusic.com. Retrieved on 18 February 2009. ^ "Turn on, tune in, and shop out". The Independent. London. 23 June 2003. Retrieved 2 May 2010.  ^ Sue, David (16 July 2004). " Puressence look to break through again - News - News and Reviews - Greater Manchester's CityLife". Citylife.co.uk. Retrieved 13 February 2012.  ^ "Sports & Recreation". Buzzle.com. Archived from the original on 20 July 2012. Retrieved 13 February 2012.  ^ http://www.cricketfundas.com/michaelatherton.html ^ McHugh, Steve (24 July 2008). "Local cricket preview and fixtures". Manchester
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Evening News. M.E.N. Media.  ^ " Anthony Farnell - Boxer". Boxrec.com. Retrieved 13 February 2012.  ^ "Latest Boxing
Boxing
News". BritishBoxing.net. Retrieved 13 February 2012.  ^ "Anthony Crolla - Boxrec Boxing
Boxing
Encyclopaedia". Boxrec.com. Retrieved 13 February 2012.  ^ "Medal hope Gavin out of Olympics". BBC Sport. 7 August 2008. Retrieved 7 August 2008.  ^ Oliver, George (5 December 2007). "Tomboy Agyness is Britain's top model". Oldham
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Advertiser. M.E.N. Media. Retrieved 13 February 2012.  ^ "European Masters Athletics Championships 2016 Footage". Retrieved 1 May 2016.  ^ "Athlete Profile: Mike Coogin". Retrieved 4 January 2016. 

Bibliography[edit]

Brownbill, John; Farrer, William (1911). A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 5. Victoria County History. ISBN 978-0-7129-1055-2.  Lewis, Samuel (1848). A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research. ISBN 978-0-8063-1508-9. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Failsworth.

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