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FAILSWORTH is a town within the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham , in Greater Manchester , England. It is 3.7 miles (6.0 km) east-northeast of Manchester city centre and 2.9 miles (4.7 km) south-southwest of Oldham
Oldham
. Failsworth
Failsworth
lies within the orbital M60 motorway , which skirts Failsworth's eastern boundary. The total population of the 2 Wards in Failsworth
Failsworth
(East "> The Parish Church of St John was founded in 1845

Failsworth
Failsworth
derives from the Old English
Old English
fegels and worth; it probably means an "enclosure with a special kind of fence". Unmentioned in the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
of 1086, Failsworth
Failsworth
does not appear in records until 1212, when the name was recorded as Fayleswrthe and the settlement was documented to have been a thegnage estate, or manor, comprising 4 oxgangs of land. 2 oxgangs with an annual rate of 4 shillings were payable by the tenant, Gilbert de Notton, to Adam de Prestwich who in turn paid tax to King John . The remaining 2 oxgangs were held by the Lord of Manchester
Manchester
as part of his fee simple . The Byron family came to acquire all four oxgangs in the mid-13th century, and thus held the entire township. However, apart from a small estate in the township held by Cockersand Abbey
Cockersand Abbey
, Failsworth
Failsworth
was acquired by the Chetham family, which was then broadly sold to smaller holders.

Little more than 300 years ago its population was over just 1,000. Farming was the main industry of the area with villagers supplementing their meagre incomes by hand-loom weaving until the advent of cotton and the Industrial Revolution.

In 1745 Bonnie Prince Charlie stayed overnight at the Bull's Head public house.

In 1914 the regular Daisy Nook Easter Fair ceased due to the outbreak of war , but reopened in 1920. On 8 June 2007 a 1946 work by L.S. Lowry entitled "Good Friday, Daisy Nook" depicting the Easter Fair was sold for £3,772,000, the then highest price paid for one of his paintings at auction. Another painting by Lowry from 1953 titled ‘Fun Fair at Daisy Nook', sold for £3.4 million in 2011.

GOVERNANCE

The coat of arms of the former Failsworth Urban District council

Lying within the historic county boundaries of Lancashire
Lancashire
since the early 12th century, Failsworth
Failsworth
during the Middle Ages
Middle Ages
formed a township in the parish of Manchester
Manchester
, and hundred of Salford .

Following the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834
Poor Law Amendment Act 1834
, Failsworth
Failsworth
formed part of the Manchester
Manchester
Poor Law Union , an inter-parish unit established to provide social security . Failsworth's first local authority was a local board of health established in 1863; Failsworth
Failsworth
Local Board of Health was a regulatory body responsible for standards of hygiene and sanitation in the township. Following the Local Government Act 1894 , the area of the local board became the Failsworth Urban District , a local government district within the administrative county of Lancashire. In 1933, there was a small exchange of land with the neighbouring City of Manchester
Manchester
, and in 1954, parts of the Limehurst Rural District was added to Failsworth
Failsworth
Urban District. Under the Local Government Act 1972 , the Failsworth Urban District was abolished, and Failsworth
Failsworth
has, since 1 April 1974, formed an unparished area of the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham , a local government district of the metropolitan county of Greater Manchester . Failsworth
Failsworth
contains two of the twenty wards of the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham; Failsworth
Failsworth
East and Failsworth
Failsworth
West.

Failsworth
Failsworth
forms part of the Ashton-under-Lyne parliamentary constituency and is represented in the House of Commons by Angela Rayner MP, a member of the Labour Party.

GEOGRAPHY

NEIGHBOURING TOWNS, VILLAGES AND PLACES.

Moston (Manchester) New Moston (Manchester) Chadderton , Hollinwood (Oldham)

Moston (Manchester) FAILSWORTH Ashton-under-Lyne (Tameside)

Newton Heath , Clayton (Manchester) Droylsden (Tameside) Ashton-under-Lyne (Tameside)

Further information: Geography of Greater Manchester

At 53°30′37″N 2°9′27″W / 53.51028°N 2.15750°W / 53.51028; -2.15750 (53.5102°, -2.1575°) Failsworth
Failsworth
lies 163 miles (262 km) north-northwest of London
London
. Failsworth
Failsworth
is the southernmost tip of the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham. It shares common boundaries with Manchester
Manchester
(from the north to the southwest) and Tameside (from the south to the east). Failsworth
Failsworth
is traversed by the A62 road , from Manchester
Manchester
to Oldham, the former heavy rail line of the Oldham
Oldham
Loop and the Rochdale Canal , which crosses the north-west corner. The M60 motorway passes through Failsworth. For purposes of the Office for National Statistics , Failsworth
Failsworth
forms part of the Greater Manchester Urban Area .

The surface of the land in Failsworth
Failsworth
gently slopes from east to west, away from the Pennines
Pennines
and from the brooks which bound it on the north-west and south-east.

Failsworth
Failsworth
has a large country park , Daisy Nook , located on its eastern border, on land mostly belonging to the National Trust . The undulating, wooded land is a popular destination for visitors wishing to participate in walking, horse riding, fishing and many other outdoor pursuits.

DEMOGRAPHY

Further information: Demography of Greater Manchester

POPULATION CHANGE

POPULATION GROWTH IN FAILSWORTH SINCE 1901

YEAR 1901 1911 1921 1931 1939 1951 1961 1981 1991 2001

POPULATION 14,152 15,998 16,973 15,726 17,505 18,032 19,819 20,951 20,160 20,007

SOURCE: A Vision of Britain through Time

ECONOMY

The new Tesco
Tesco
supermarket viewed from Ash Street

Failsworth
Failsworth
is a centre for the production of hats, manufacture began as a cottage industry before the firm of Failsworth
Failsworth
Hats was set up in 1903 to manufacture silk hats. For a time the company operated from a factory near the former Failsworth
Failsworth
Council offices and remains in the area to this day. Today, Failsworth's main areas of economic activities are in electrical goods manufacture (such as Russell Hobbs ) by Salton Europe (formerly Pifco Ltd, pre-2001), and plastic producers and distributors Hubron Limited. Many Failsworth
Failsworth
residents work in Manchester, with many commuters choosing to live in the area because of its transport links which include the Metrolink tram service from Failsworth Metrolink station on the Oldham
Oldham
"> Failsworth
Failsworth
Pole

A major landmark of the area is Failsworth
Failsworth
Pole on Oldham
Oldham
Road. The first 'political pole' was erected in 1793 although a local historian suggests there were others before and that maypoles probably stood on the site for centuries. The pole that now stands on the site replaces one blown down in 1950.

Following a major restoration of the Pole, clock tower and gardens in 2006 a bronze statue of Benjamin Brierley was erected in the gardens.

At the road junction of the A62 with Ashton Road West stands the cenotaph , built in 1923 in remembrance to over 200 Failsworth
Failsworth
men who lost their lives in the First World War
First World War
. Attendances at the cenotaph on Remembrance Sunday
Remembrance Sunday
remain high, averaging around 2,000 people. The annual Remembrance parade is led by 202 Field Squadron, RE (TA) , who are based in Failsworth. In June 2007 the war memorial was rededicated after at £136,000 makeover by the Failsworth
Failsworth
War Memorial Steering Group, and opened by Colonel Sir John B. Timmins.

EDUCATION

The local comprehensive is Failsworth School , which moved to a new building in 2008 (previously two separate buildings known as the Upper School and the Lower School) which caters for children aged between 11–16 years of age. The £28 million project allowed secondary schooling in the town to come under one roof as opposed to the previous Lower and Upper schools on Partington
Partington
Street and Brierley Avenue. The school has specialist Sports College status.

SCHOOL TYPE/STATUS HEADTEACHER OFSTED LOCATION REFERENCE

FAILSWORTH Secondary School Mr P Quirk 105735 53°30′27″N 2°08′48″W / 53.507620°N 2.146614°W / 53.507620; -2.146614

WOODHOUSES VOLUNTARY (CONTROLLED) Primary School Mrs R Bentham 105688 53°30′16″N 2°08′03″W / 53.504482°N 2.134096°W / 53.504482; -2.134096

SOUTH FAILSWORTH COUNTY Primary School Mr Michael Jones 105656 53°29′57″N 2°09′32″W / 53.499164°N 2.158921°W / 53.499164; -2.158921

HIGHER FAILSWORTH (STANSFIELD ROAD) Primary -2.148734

ST. JOHN\'S COFE Primary School

53°30′39″N 2°09′13″W / 53.510729°N 2.153525°W / 53.510729; -2.153525

ST. JOHN\'S COFE Primary School Mr Gerard Kehoe 105712 53°30′32″N 2°09′03″W / 53.508982°N 2.150887°W / 53.508982; -2.150887

ST. MARY\'S R.C. Primary -2.159996

MATHER STREET Primary School Miss J Adams 105649 53°30′35″N 2°10′06″W / 53.509585°N 2.168270°W / 53.509585; -2.168270

PUPIL SUPPORT CENTRE Special
Special
School Nikki Shaw

53°30′35″N 2°10′06″W / 53.509585°N 2.168270°W / 53.509585; -2.168270

RELIGIOUS SITES

NAME DENOMINATION LEADER LOCATION REFERENCE

THE HOLY FAMILY Church of England
England
Fr Antony James Mills 53°29′53″N 2°09′27″W / 53.497918°N 2.157408°W / 53.497918; -2.157408

ST JOHN\'S Church of England

53°30′42″N 2°09′16″W / 53.511781°N 2.154473°W / 53.511781; -2.154473

WOODHOUSES CHURCH Church of England
England

53°30′18″N 2°07′59″W / 53.504885°N 2.133061°W / 53.504885; -2.133061

ST. MARY\'S Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
Fr Patrick John McKeown 53°30′17″N 2°09′27″W / 53.504623°N 2.157416°W / 53.504623; -2.157416

HOPE METHODIST CHURCH Methodist
Methodist

53°30′55″N 2°09′04″W / 53.515147°N 2.151141°W / 53.515147; -2.151141

ROMAN ROAD INDEPENDENT METHODIST CHURCH Independent Methodist
Methodist
Clifford Ward 53°30′40″N 2°08′59″W / 53.511163°N 2.149825°W / 53.511163; -2.149825

NEW LIFE CHURCH Assemblies of God
Assemblies of God
Elijah Boswell (Pastor) Jack Kenyon Andrew Black David Newberry 53°30′40″N 2°09′14″W / 53.511237°N 2.153803°W / 53.511237; -2.153803

DOB LANE UNITARIAN CHAPEL Unitarianist

53°30′15″N 2°10′37″W / 53.504194°N 2.176965°W / 53.504194; -2.176965

MACEDONIA United Reformed Church
United Reformed Church
Rev Sheila Coop 53°30′31″N 2°08′37″W / 53.508652°N 2.143494°W / 53.508652; -2.143494

ZION Old Baptist Union

53°30′07″N 2°09′48″W / 53.501869°N 2.163218°W / 53.501869; -2.163218

FAITHWORKS Evangel
Evangel

53°30′23″N 2°10′01″W / 53.506373°N 2.166806°W / 53.506373; -2.166806

FAILSWORTH SALVATION ARMY COMMUNITY CHURCH The Salvation Army
The Salvation Army
Lieutenants Simon -2.152605

TRANSPORT

The M60 motorway from Cutler Hill, Failsworth
Failsworth

Failsworth's main thoroughfare is Oldham
Oldham
road (A62) which links Manchester
Manchester
and Oldham. The M60 is an orbital motorway circling Greater Manchester
Manchester
with access gained via junction 22. The motorway's completion in the Failsworth
Failsworth
area around 1995-2000 saw the installation of a huge graded junction amongst other notable changes to the A62 and the implementation of the motorway itself, meaning a large proportion of rows of buildings around the junction that ran down the A62 were demolished.

There are frequent buses running through Failsworth
Failsworth
between Manchester city centre and Oldham
Oldham
on First Greater Manchester 's 83 overground service. There is also a frequent service running to Manchester city centre and to Huddersfield / Saddleworth via Oldham with services 180 and 184. Other destinations which can be reached from Failsworth
Failsworth
on the bus are Ashton-under-Lyne , Chadderton , Huddersfield, Rochdale , Royton , Saddleworth and Shaw and Crompton
Shaw and Crompton
.

Failsworth tram stop , located on Hardman Lane, is on Manchester's Metrolink network. At peak times, trams run every 6 minutes towards East Didsbury via central Manchester
Manchester
and towards Rochdale or Shaw and Crompton via Oldham. At offpeak times, trams run every 12 minutes to East Didsbury and Rochdale. Previously it was an unmanned rail station managed by Northern and allowed passengers to transit to Manchester Victoria or Rochdale via Oldham. It closed in October 2009 for conversion to Metrolink under the phase 3a extension of the Metrolink, and re-opened as a tram stop in 2012.

TWIN TOWN

COUNTRY

PLACE

COUNTY / DISTRICT / REGION / STATE ORIGINALLY TWINNED WITH DATE

Germany
Germany

LANDSBERG AM LECH

Bavaria
Bavaria
Failsworth Urban District 1974

NOTABLE PEOPLE

See also: List of people from Oldham
Oldham
Benjamin Brierley statue at Failsworth
Failsworth

The weaver, poet, essayist and writer, Benjamin Brierley , was born in Failsworth
Failsworth
and was famed for his work in the Lancashire
Lancashire
dialect . A statue was erected of him in 1898 in Queens Park, Manchester. A bronze statue is in the public gardens by The Pole.

In the field of politics, Sir Elkanah Armitage was a 19th-century industrialist , Liberal Party politician and former Lord Mayor of Manchester
Manchester
. In the modern politics, Jim McMahon MP , the former leader of Oldham
Oldham
Council represents the Oldham
Oldham
West and Royton parliamentary constituency for the Labour Party .

Gary Mounfield is a musician who was a member of the internationally renowned band, the Stone Roses during the Madchester period and later joined the Primal Scream . Dale Longworth is a musician and music producer with the electronic music group, N-Trance , who found fame with the record Set You Free . James Mudriczki, Lowell Killen, Kevin Matthews, Tony Szuminski (and former member Neil McDonald) make up the line-up for the Alternative rock
Alternative rock
band Puressence . The group have charted in the Top 40 on a number of occasions and have large fanbase throughout Greece
Greece
.

Broadcaster , journalist and retired cricketer , Mike Atherton
Mike Atherton
, was brought up in the Lord Lane area of the town. The former Lancashire and England
England
captain has a road, Atherton Close, named after him opposite the cricket club in Woodhouses where he played in his youth. Boxer , Anthony Farnell , is a former WBU Middleweight champion who was known as the Woodhouse Warrior. Retiring at the age of 25, Farnell has since become a fight trainer and owns a gym (Arnie's Gym) in nearby Newton Heath where he has tutored David Barnes (BBBofC Light welterweight champion), Anthony Crolla (2006 ABA Lightweight champion) and Frankie Gavin (2007 World Amateur Boxing
Boxing
Championships gold medal winner). Former Manchester
Manchester
United footballer, Ronnie Wallwork , lived in Woodhouses. Supermodel Agyness Deyn was brought up in the area before her family moved to Ramsbottom .

Athlete Mike Coogin is twice European Masters Athletics Champion at 400m (Poland-2015, Italy 2016). At the 2017 World Masters Athletics Championships in South Korea, Mike took silver in the individual 400m and anchored GB to Gold in the sprint relay, finishing the indoor season ranked #1 in the world for 200m and 400m. Mike lived in Failsworth
Failsworth
whilst attending St Bede's College and is currently competing on behalf of East Cheshire Harriers.

SEE ALSO

* Greater Manchester portal

* Listed buildings in Failsworth

REFERENCES

NOTES

* ^ A B C D E F G H " Greater Manchester Gazetteer". Greater Manchester
Manchester
County Record Office. Places names - D to F. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 9 July 2007. * ^ " Oldham
Oldham
Ward/ Failsworth
Failsworth
West Ward population 2011". Retrieved 6 January 2016. * ^ " Oldham
Oldham
Ward/ Failsworth
Failsworth
East ward population 2011". Retrieved 6 January 2016. * ^ Lewis 1848 , pp. 206–209. * ^ A B Mills, A.D. (2003). A Dictionary of British Place-Names. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-852758-6 . (subscription required) * ^ A B Brownbill & Farrer 1911 , pp. 273–274. * ^ "Welcome to the award winning". Failsworth.info. Archived from the original on 19 February 2010. Retrieved 13 February 2012. * ^ "Lowry work fetches record £3.8m". BBC News. 8 June 2007. Retrieved 16 January 2008. * ^ John Stevens (17 November 2011). "Lowry\'s Piccadilly Circus equals £5.6m record at Christie\'s Mail Online". London: Dailymail.co.uk. Retrieved 13 February 2012. * ^ HMSO. Local Government Act 1972 . 1972 c.70. * ^ Office for National Statistics
Office for National Statistics
(2001). "Census 2001:Key Statistics for urban areas in the North; Map 3" (PDF). statistics.gov.uk. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 January 2007. Retrieved 9 July 2007. * ^ "Census 2001 Key Statistics - Urban area results by population size of urban area". ons.gov.uk. Office for National Statistics. 22 July 2004. KS01 Usual resident population . Retrieved 22 September 2009. * ^ " Greater Manchester Urban Area 1991 Census". National Statistics. Archived from the original on 5 February 2009. Retrieved 22 September 2009. * ^ "1981 Key Statistics for Urban Areas: The North Table 1". Office for National Statistics. 1981. * ^ " Failsworth
Failsworth
hats". failsworth-hats. Archived from the original on 17 January 2010. Retrieved 11 February 2010. * ^ "Tesco\'s killing us say small traders". Oldham
Oldham
Advertiser. M.E.N. Media. 23 August 2007. Retrieved 13 February 2012. * ^ Conn, David (25 July 2007). " Supermarket
Supermarket
sweep-up". The Guardian. London. * ^ Richardson, Anne (12 November 2003). " Tesco
Tesco
target Failsworth". Oldham
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Advertiser. M.E.N. Media. Retrieved 13 February 2012. * ^ Conn, David (8 October 2008). "Buying into it". The Guardian. London. * ^ "Chingford Store details". Morrisons. Retrieved 13 February 2012. * ^ J. McMahon and J. Crompton, The History of Failsworth
Failsworth
Pole and the Ben Brierley Statue published June 2006. * ^ * ^ http://www2.army.mod.uk/royalengineers/org/75regt/index.htm * ^ Archived 25 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ " Failsworth
Failsworth
School". School Finder. OfSTED. Retrieved 2 March 2009. * ^ "Woodhouses Voluntary (Controlled) Primary School". School Finder. OfSTED. Retrieved 2 March 2009. * ^ "South Failsworth
Failsworth
County Primary School". School Finder. OfSTED. Retrieved 1 November 2008. * ^ "Higher Failsworth
Failsworth
(Stansfield Road) Infants School". School Finder. OfSTED. Retrieved 2 March 2009. * ^ "St. John\'s C of E Junior School". School Finder. OfSTED. Retrieved 2 March 2009. * ^ "St. Mary\'s R.C. Primary School". School Finder. OfSTED. Retrieved 2 March 2009. * ^ "Mather Street Primary School". School Finder. OfSTED. Retrieved 1 November 2008. * ^ "Hardman Fold Community Special
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Advertiser. M.E.N. Media. Retrieved 13 February 2012. * ^ A B " Oldham
Oldham
Deanery - The Church of England
England
Diocese of Manchester". Manchester.anglican.org. Retrieved 13 February 2012. * ^ Archived 12 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ Cooke, Fr. Michael; Fr. Francis Parkinson (2008). Salford Diocesan Almanac 2009. Salford : Gemini Print (Wigan). p. 232. Archived from the original on 1 December 2008. * ^ "The Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
Parish of Holy Souls". Holysouls.freeserve.co.uk. Archived from the original on 24 May 2013. Retrieved 13 February 2012. * ^ "Hope Methodist
Methodist
Church, Failsworth". Findachurch.co.uk. Retrieved 13 February 2012. * ^ "romanroadchurch". Romanroadchurch.googlepages.com. Retrieved 13 February 2012. * ^ http://www.newlife-church.co.uk/ * ^ "The Manchester
Manchester
District Association of Unitarian and Free Christian Churches". Unitarian.org.uk. Archived from the original on 20 February 2012. Retrieved 13 February 2012. * ^ Archived 7 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine
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. * ^ A B "Zion Old Baptist Union, Failsworth, Lancashire
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genealogy". GENUKI. 31 May 2011. Retrieved 13 February 2012. * ^ "Failsworth". The Salvation Army. Archived from the original on 20 February 2012. Retrieved 13 February 2012. * ^ Archived 6 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine
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. * ^ Tony Williams LRTA Manchester
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Area Officer. "Manchester Metrolink — Oldham
Oldham
and Rochdale Line". Lrta.org. Archived from the original on 11 February 2012. Retrieved 13 February 2012. * ^ Greer, Stuart (30 October 2007). "Twins separated". Oldham Advertiser. M.E.N. Media. Retrieved 13 February 2012. * ^ "Ben Brierley statue". John Cassidy. 14 June 2006. Retrieved 13 February 2012. * ^ John Moss (2005). "Politicians, Law & Social Reformers (10 of 12)". Manchester
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Politicians & the Northwest of England. Papillon ( Manchester
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Evening News. M.E.N. Media. * ^ " Anthony Farnell - Boxer". Boxrec.com. Retrieved 13 February 2012. * ^ "Latest Boxing
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BIBLIOGRAPHY

* Brownbill, John; Farrer, William (1911). A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 5. Victoria County History. ISBN 978-0-7129-1055-2 . * Lewis, Samuel (1848). A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research. ISBN 978-0-8063-1508-9 .

EXTERNAL LINKS

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