HOME
The Info List - FIFA


--- Advertisement ---



(i) (i)

International Olympic Committee International
International
Football
Football
Association Board

STAFF 103

WEBSITE www.fifa.com

The FéDéRATION INTERNATIONALE DE FOOTBALL ASSOCIATION (FIFA /ˈfiːfə/ ; " International
International
Federation of Association Football") is a private association which describes itself as an international governing body of association football , futsal , and beach soccer . FIFA
FIFA
is responsible for the organization of football's major international tournaments, notably the World Cup which commenced in 1930 and the Women\'s World Cup which commenced in 1991.

FIFA
FIFA
was founded in 1904 to oversee international competition among the national associations of Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland. Headquartered in Zürich , its membership now comprises 211 national associations . Member countries must each also be members of one of the six regional confederations into which the world is divided: Africa
Africa
, Asia
Asia
, Europe , North the Spanish Federation was not created until 1913), Sweden and Switzerland
Switzerland
. Also, that same day, the German Association declared its intention of affiliating through a telegram.

The first president of FIFA
FIFA
was Robert Guérin . Guérin was replaced in 1906 by Daniel Burley Woolfall from England , by then a member of the association. The first tournament FIFA
FIFA
staged, the association football competition for the 1908 Olympics in London was more successful than its Olympic predecessors, despite the presence of professional footballers, contrary to the founding principles of FIFA.

Membership of FIFA
FIFA
expanded beyond Europe
Europe
with the application of South Africa
South Africa
in 1909, Argentina in 1912, Canada and Chile in 1913, and the United States in 1914.

During World War I, with many players sent off to war and the possibility of travel for international fixtures severely limited, the organization's survival was in doubt. Post-war, following the death of Woolfall, the organisation was run by Dutchman Carl Hirschmann . It was saved from extinction but at the cost of the withdrawal of the Home Nations (of the United Kingdom), who cited an unwillingness to participate in international competitions with their recent World War enemies. The Home Nations later resumed their membership.

The FIFA
FIFA
collection is held by the National Football Museum at Urbis in Manchester , England. The first World Cup was held in 1930 in Montevideo , Uruguay
Uruguay
.

STRUCTURE

Main article: List of FIFA Member Associations Map of the World with the six confederations: membership details below.

LAWS AND GOVERNANCE

FIFA
FIFA
is headquartered in Zürich
Zürich
, and is an association established under the Law of Switzerland
Switzerland
.

FIFA's supreme body is the FIFA Congress , an assembly made up of representatives from each affiliated member association. Each national football association has one vote, regardless of its size or footballing strength. The Congress assembles in ordinary session once every year, and extraordinary sessions have been held once a year since 1998. The congress makes decisions relating to FIFA's governing statutes and their method of implementation and application. Only the Congress can pass changes to FIFA's statutes. The congress approves the annual report, and decides on the acceptance of new national associations and holds elections. Congress elects the President of FIFA
FIFA
, its General Secretary, and the other members of the FIFA Council on the year following the FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
.

FIFA's Executive Committee, chaired by the President, is the main decision-making body of the organisation in the intervals of Congress. The Executive Committee is composed of 25 people: the President, 8 Vice Presidents, and 15 members and one woman member. The Executive Committee is the body that decides which country will host the World Cup.

The President and General Secretary are the main office holders of FIFA, and are in charge of its daily administration, carried out by the General Secretariat, with its staff of approximately 280 members. Gianni Infantino is the current president, appointed on 26 February 2016 at the Extraordinary FIFA
FIFA
Congress. The former president, Sepp Blatter is suspended pending a corruption investigation . FIFA's worldwide organisational structure also consists of several other bodies, under the authority of the Executive Committee or created by Congress as standing committees. Among those bodies are the FIFA Emergency Committee, the FIFA Ethics Committee , the Finance Committee, the Disciplinary Committee, and the Referees Committee.

The FIFA
FIFA
Emergency Committee deals with all matters requiring immediate settlement in the time frame between the regular meetings of the FIFA Executive Committee . The Emergency Committee consists of the FIFA
FIFA
President as well as one member from each confederation. Emergency Committee decisions made are immediately put into legal effect, although they need to be ratified at the next Executive Committee meeting.

ADMINISTRATIVE COST

FIFA
FIFA
publishes its results according to IFRS . The total compensation for the management committee in 2011 was 30 million for 35 people. Blatter, the only full-time person on the committee, earned approximately two million Swiss francs, 1.2 million in salary and the rest in bonuses. A report in London's Sunday Times in June 2014 said the members of the committee had their salaries doubled from $100,000 to $200,000 during the year. The report also said leaked documents had indicated $4.4 million in secret bonuses had been paid to the committee members following the 2010 FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
in South Africa
Africa
.

SIX CONFEDERATIONS AND 211 NATIONAL ASSOCIATIONS

FIFA
FIFA
CONFEDERATIONS

AFC , CAF , CONCACAF
CONCACAF

CONMEBOL
CONMEBOL
, OFC , UEFA
UEFA

* v * t * e

Besides its worldwide institutions there are six confederations recognised by FIFA
FIFA
which oversee the game in the different continents and regions of the world. National associations, and not the continental confederations, are members of FIFA. The continental confederations are provided for in FIFA's statutes, and membership of a confederation is a prerequisite to FIFA
FIFA
membership. Asian Football
Football
Confederation (AFC; 46 members) Australia has been a member of the AFC since 2006 Confederation of African Football (CAF; 54 members) Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean
Caribbean
Association Football
Football
(CONCACAF; 35 members) French Guiana , Guyana and Suriname are CONCACAF
CONCACAF
members although they are in South America. The French Guiana team is a member of CONCACAF
CONCACAF
but not of FIFA. Confederación Sudamericana de Fútbol (CONMEBOL; 10 members) Oceania Football Confederation (OFC; 11 members) Union of European Football
Football
Associations (UEFA; 55 members) Teams representing the nations of Armenia , Azerbaijan , Georgia , Israel , Kazakhstan , Russia and Turkey are UEFA
UEFA
members, although the majority or entirety of their territory is outside of continental Europe. Monaco
Monaco
is not member of UEFA
UEFA
or FIFA.

In total, FIFA
FIFA
recognises 211 national associations and their associated men's national teams as well as 129 women's national teams; see the list of national football teams and their respective country codes . FIFA
FIFA
has more member states than the UN as FIFA
FIFA
recognises 23 non-sovereign entities as distinct nations, such as the four Home Nations within the United Kingdom and politically disputed territories such as Palestine .

The FIFA
FIFA
Working Committee of Small Nations has categorized potential FIFA
FIFA
members into three categories:

* Independent states not in FIFA
FIFA
( Kiribati , Marshall Islands
Marshall Islands
, Micronesia , Monaco
Monaco
, Niue
Niue
, Palau
Palau
, Tuvalu
Tuvalu
) * Non-independent territories ( Åland Islands
Åland Islands
, Guadeloupe
Guadeloupe
, Greenland
Greenland
, Guernsey
Guernsey
, Isle of Man , Jersey
Jersey
, Martinique
Martinique
, Northern Mariana Islands , Réunion
Réunion
, Sint Maarten
Sint Maarten
, Zanzibar
Zanzibar
) * Politically sensitive areas ( Abkhazia
Abkhazia
, Crimea
Crimea
, Northern Cyprus
Northern Cyprus
, South Ossetia ).

The FIFA World Rankings
FIFA World Rankings
are updated monthly and rank each team based on their performance in international competitions, qualifiers, and friendly matches. There is also a world ranking for women\'s football , updated four times a year.

RECOGNITIONS AND AWARDS

FIFA
FIFA
holds an annual awards ceremony which recognises both individual and team achievements in international association football. Individually, the top men's player is awarded the FIFA
FIFA
Ballon d\'Or and the top women's player is named FIFA World Player of the Year ; the latter title was also awarded to the men's player prior to its 2010 merger with France Football 's Ballon d\'Or . At the Ballon d'Or banquet, the FIFA Puskás Award , FIFA/ FIFPro Best XI , FIFA
FIFA
Fair Play Award , and FIFA Presidential Award are also awarded.

In 1994 FIFA
FIFA
published the FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
All-Time Team . In 2000 FIFA
FIFA
published the results of an Internet poll, declaring Real Madrid to be the FIFA Club of the Century . In 2002 FIFA
FIFA
announced the FIFA Dream Team , an all-time all-star team chosen by fans in a poll.

As part of its centennial celebrations in 2004, FIFA
FIFA
organised a "Match of the Century" between France
France
and Brazil .

GOVERNANCE AND GAME DEVELOPMENT

This section NEEDS ADDITIONAL CITATIONS FOR VERIFICATION . Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (May 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message )

Main article: Laws of the Game (association football)
Laws of the Game (association football)
FIFA headquarters in Zurich
Zurich

The laws that govern football, known officially as the Laws of the Game, are not solely the responsibility of FIFA; they are maintained by a body called the International Football Association Board
International Football Association Board
(IFAB). FIFA
FIFA
has members on its board (four representatives); the other four are provided by the football associations of the United Kingdom: England , Scotland , Wales , and Northern Ireland , who jointly established IFAB in 1882 and are recognised for the creation and history of the game. Changes to the Laws of the Game must be agreed by at least six of the eight delegates.

The FIFA
FIFA
Statutes form the overarching document guiding FIFA's governing system. The governing system is divided into separate bodies that have the appropriate powers to create a system of checks and balances. It consists of four general bodies: the congress, the executive committee, the general secretariat, and standing and ad-hoc committees.

DISCIPLINE OF NATIONAL ASSOCIATIONS

FIFA
FIFA
frequently takes active roles in the running of the sport and developing the game around the world. One of its sanctions is to suspend teams and associated members from international competition when a government interferes in the running of FIFA's associate member organisations or if the associate is not functioning properly.

A 2007 FIFA
FIFA
ruling that a player can be registered with a maximum of three clubs, and appear in official matches for a maximum of two, in a year measured from 1 July to 30 June has led to controversy, especially in those countries whose seasons cross that date barrier, as in the case of two former Ireland internationals . As a direct result of this controversy, FIFA
FIFA
modified this ruling the following year to accommodate transfers between leagues with out-of-phase seasons.

VIDEO REPLAY

See also: Goal-line technology Flag of FIFA
FIFA
with the organisation's slogan

FIFA
FIFA
does not permit video evidence during matches, although it is permitted for subsequent sanctions. The 1970 meeting of the International Football Association Board
International Football Association Board
"agreed to request the television authorities to refrain from any slow-motion play-back which reflected, or might reflect, adversely on any decision of the referee". In 2008, FIFA
FIFA
President Sepp Blatter
Sepp Blatter
said: "Let it be as it is and let's leave with errors. The television companies will have the right to say was right or wrong, but still the referee makes the decision – a man, not a machine."

It has been said that instant replay is needed given the difficulty of tracking the activities of 22 players on such a large field, and it has been proposed that instant replay be used in penalty incidents, fouls which lead to bookings or red cards and whether the ball has crossed the goal line, since those events are more likely than others to be game-changing.

Critics point out that instant replay is already in use in other sports, including rugby union , cricket , American football
American football
, Canadian football , basketball , baseball , tennis , and ice hockey . As one notable proponent of video replay, Portuguese coach Carlos Queiroz has been quoted as saying that the "credibility of the game" is at stake.

An incident during a second-round game in the 2010 FIFA
FIFA
World Cup between England and Germany, where a shot by Englishman Frank Lampard , which would have leveled the scores at 2–2 in a match that ultimately ended in a 4–1 German victory, crossed the line but was not seen to do so by the match officials, led FIFA
FIFA
officials to declare that they will re-examine the use of goal-line technology .

ANTHEM

Main article: FIFA Anthem

Since the 1994 FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
, like the UEFA
UEFA
Champions League , FIFA has adopted an anthem composed by the German composer Franz Lambert . It has been recently re-arranged and produced by Rob May and Simon Hill . The FIFA Anthem is played at the beginning of official FIFA sanctioned matches and tournaments such as international friendlies, the FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
, FIFA
FIFA
Women\'s World Cup , FIFA U-20 World Cup
FIFA U-20 World Cup
, FIFA U-17 World Cup
FIFA U-17 World Cup
, Football at the Summer Olympics
Football at the Summer Olympics
, FIFA
FIFA
U-20 Women\'s World Cup , FIFA
FIFA
Women\'s U-17 World Cup , FIFA
FIFA
Futsal World Cup , FIFA Beach Soccer World Cup
FIFA Beach Soccer World Cup
and FIFA Club World Cup .

Since 2007, FIFA
FIFA
has also required most of its broadcast partners to use short sequences including the anthem at the beginning and end of FIFA
FIFA
event coverage, as well as for break bumpers , to help promote FIFA's sponsors. This emulates practices long used by some other international football events such as the UEFA
UEFA
Champions League. Exceptions may be made for specific events; for example, an original piece of African music was used for bumpers during the 2010 FIFA
FIFA
World Cup.

SPONSORS

* Adidas
Adidas
* Coca-Cola
Coca-Cola
* Gazprom
Gazprom
* Hyundai/Kia Motors * Visa * Wanda Group * Qatar
Qatar
Airways

CORRUPTION AND LEGISLATIVE INTERFERENCE

Main article: 2015 FIFA corruption case

In May 2006 British investigative reporter Andrew Jennings ' book Foul! The Secret World of FIFA: Bribes, Vote-Rigging and Ticket Scandals ( Harper Collins
Harper Collins
) caused controversy within the football world by detailing an alleged international cash-for-contracts scandal following the collapse of FIFA's marketing partner International
International
Sport and Leisure (ISL), and revealed how some football officials have been urged to secretly repay the sweeteners they received. The book also alleged that vote-rigging had occurred in the fight for Sepp Blatter's continued control of FIFA.

Shortly after the release of Foul! a BBC
BBC
television exposé by Jennings and BBC
BBC
producer Roger Corke for the BBC
BBC
news programme Panorama was broadcast. In this hour-long programme, screened on 11 June 2006, Jennings and the Panorama team agree that Sepp Blatter
Sepp Blatter
was being investigated by Swiss police over his role in a secret deal to repay more than £1m worth of bribes pocketed by football officials. Lord Triesman, the former chairman of the English Football Association, described FIFA
FIFA
as an organization that "behaves like a mafia family", highlighting the association's "decades-long traditions of bribes, bungs and corruption".

All testimonies offered in the Panorama exposé were provided through a disguised voice, appearance, or both, save one; Mel Brennan, formerly a lecturer at Towson University in the United States (and from 2001 to 2003 Head of Special
Special
Projects for CONCACAF
CONCACAF
, a liaison to the e- FIFA
FIFA
project and a 2002 FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
delegate), became the first high-level football insider to go public with substantial allegations of greed, corruption, nonfeasance and malfeasance by CONCACAF
CONCACAF
and FIFA
FIFA
leadership. During the Panorama exposé, Brennan—the highest-level African-American in the history of world football governance—joined Jennings, Trinidadian journalist Lisana Liburd and many others in exposing allegedly inappropriate allocations of money at CONCACAF, and drew connections between ostensible CONCACAF criminality and similar behaviors at FIFA. Since then, and in the light of fresh allegations of bribery and corruption and opaque action by FIFA
FIFA
in late 2010, both Jennings and Brennan remain highly critical of FIFA, with Brennan calling directly for an alternative to FIFA
FIFA
to be considered by the stakeholders of the sport throughout the world.

In a further Panorama documentary broadcast on BBC
BBC
One on 29 November 2010, Jennings alleged that three senior FIFA
FIFA
officials, Nicolas Leoz , Issa Hayatou and Ricardo Teixeira , had been paid huge bribes by FIFA's marketing partner ISL between 1989 and 1999, which FIFA
FIFA
had failed to investigate. He claimed they appeared on a list of 175 bribes paid by ISL, totaling about $100 million. A former ISL executive said that there were suspicions within ISL that the company was only awarded the marketing contract for successive World Cups by paying bribes to FIFA
FIFA
officials. The programme also alleged that another current official, Jack Warner , has been repeatedly involved in reselling World Cup tickets to touts; Sepp Blatter
Sepp Blatter
said that FIFA had not investigated the allegation because it had not been told about it via 'official channels'.

The programme also criticized FIFA
FIFA
for allegedly requiring World Cup host bidding nations to agree to implement special laws for the World Cup, including a blanket tax exemption for FIFA
FIFA
and sponsors, and limitation of workers' rights. It alleged that governments of bidding nations are required to keep the details of the required laws confidential during the bidding process; but that they were revealed by the Dutch government
Dutch government
, which refused to agree to them, as a result of which it was told by FIFA
FIFA
that its bid could be adversely affected. According to the programme, following Jennings' earlier investigations he was banned from all FIFA
FIFA
press conferences, for reasons he says have not been made clear; and the accused officials failed to answer questions about his latest allegations, either verbally or by letter.

British Prime Minister David Cameron and Andy Anson , head of England's World Cup bid, criticized the timing of the broadcast, three days before FIFA's decision on the host for the 2018 FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
, on the grounds that it might damage England's bid; the voters included officials accused by the programme.

In June 2011, it came to light that the IOC had started inquiry proceedings against FIFA
FIFA
honorary president João Havelange into claims of bribery. The BBC
BBC
Panorama programme alleged that the Brazilian accepted a $1 million 'bung' in 1997 from ISL. The Olympic governing body said "the IOC takes all allegations of corruption very seriously and we would always ask for any evidence of wrongdoing involving any IOC members to be passed to our ethics commission".

In a 2014 interview, American sports writer Dave Zirin said greed, corruption, nonfeasance, and malfeasance are endemic to FIFA leadership, and that FIFA
FIFA
should be abolished for the good of the game. He said that currently, FIFA
FIFA
is in charge of both monitoring corruption in football matches, and marketing and selling the sport, but that two "separate" organizational bodies are needed: an organizational body that monitors corruption and match-fixing and the like, and an organization that's responsible for marketing and sponsorships and selling the sport. Zirin said the idea of having a single organization that's responsible for both seems highly ineffective and detrimental to the sport.

GUILTY PLEAS

Between 2013 and 2015 four individuals, and two sports television rights corporations pleaded guilty to United States financial misconduct charges. The pleas of Chuck Blazer , José Hawilla , Daryan Warner, Darrell Warner, Traffic Group and Traffic Sports USA were unsealed in May 2015. In another 2015 case, Singapore
Singapore
also imposed a 6-year "harshest sentence ever received for match-fixing" on match-fixer Eric Ding who had bribed three Lebanese FIFA
FIFA
football officials with prostitutes as an inducement to fix future matches that they would officiate, as well as perverting the course of justice.

INDICTMENTS AND ARRESTS

Fourteen FIFA
FIFA
officials and marketing executives were indicted by the United States Department of Justice
United States Department of Justice
in May 2015. The officials were arrested in Switzerland
Switzerland
and are in the process of extradition to the US. Specific charges (brought under the RICO act) include wire fraud , racketeering , and money laundering .

"Swiss authorities say they have also opened a separate criminal investigation into FIFA's operations pertaining to the 2018 and 2022 World Cup bids".

FIFA’s top officials were arrested at a hotel in Switzerland
Switzerland
on suspicion of receiving bribes totaling $100m (£65m). The US Department of Justice stated that nine FIFA
FIFA
officials and four executives of sports management companies were arrested and accused of over $150m in bribes. The UK Shadow Home Secretary and Labour Member of Parliament, Andy Burnham
Andy Burnham
, stated in May 2015 that England should boycott the 2018 World Cup against corruption in FIFA
FIFA
and military aggression by Russia.

2018 AND 2022 WORLD CUP BIDS

Further information: 2018 and 2022 FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
bids and Garcia Report

FIFA's choice to award the 2018 World Cup to Russia and the 2022 World Cup to Qatar
Qatar
has been widely criticised by media. It has been alleged that some FIFA
FIFA
inside sources insist that the Russian kickbacks of cash and gifts given to FIFA
FIFA
executive members were enough to secure the Russian 2018 bid weeks before the result was announced. Sepp Blatter
Sepp Blatter
was widely criticised in the media for giving a warning about the "evils of the media" in a speech to FIFA
FIFA
executive committee members shortly before they voted on the hosting of the 2018 World Cup, a reference to The Sunday Times exposés and the Panorama investigation .

Two members of FIFA's executive committee were banned from all football-related activity in November 2010 for allegedly offering to sell their votes to undercover newspaper reporters. In early May 2011, a British parliamentary inquiry into why England failed to secure the 2018 finals was told by member of parliament, Damian Collins , that there was evidence from the Sunday Times newspaper that Issa Hayatou of Cameroon and Jacques Anouma of Ivory Coast
Ivory Coast
were paid by Qatar. Qatar
Qatar
has categorically denied the allegations, as have Hayatou and Anouma.

FIFA
FIFA
President Blatter said, as of 23 May 2011, that the British newspaper The Sunday Times has agreed to bring its whistle-blowing source to meet senior FIFA
FIFA
officials, who will decide whether to order a new investigation into alleged World Cup bidding corruption. " are happy, they agreed that they will bring this whistleblower here to Zürich
Zürich
and then we will have a discussion, an investigation of this", Blatter said.

Specifically, the whistleblower claims that FIFA
FIFA
executive committee members Issa Hayatou and Jacques Anouma were paid $1.5 million to vote for Qatar. The emirate's bid beat the United States in a final round of voting last December. Blatter did not rule out reopening the 2022 vote if corruption could be proved, but urged taking the matter "step by step". The FIFA
FIFA
president said his organization is "anxiously awaiting" more evidence before asking its ethics committee to examine allegations made in Britain's Parliament in early May 2011.

Hayatou, who is from Cameroon, leads the Confederation of African Football
Football
and is a FIFA
FIFA
vice president. Anouma is president of Ivorian Football
Football
Federation . The whistleblower said Qatar
Qatar
agreed to pay a third African voter, Amos Adamu , for his support. The Nigerian
Nigerian
was later suspended from voting after a FIFA
FIFA
ethics court ruled he solicited bribes from undercover Sunday Times reporters posing as lobbyists. Blatter said the newspaper and its whistleblower would meet with FIFA
FIFA
secretary general, Jérôme Valcke , and legal director, Marco Villiger.

Allegations against FIFA
FIFA
officials have also been made to the UK Parliament by David Triesman , the former head of England's bid and the English Football
Football
Association. Triesman told the lawmakers that four long-standing FIFA
FIFA
executive committee members—Jack Warner , Nicolas Leoz , Ricardo Teixeira and Worawi Makudi —engaged in "improper and unethical" conduct in the 2018 bidding, which was won by Russia. All six FIFA
FIFA
voters have denied wrongdoing.

On 28 September 2015, Sepp Blatter
Sepp Blatter
suggested that the 2018 World Cup being awarded to Russia was planned before the voting, and that the 2022 World Cup would have then been awarded to the United States. However, this plan changed after the election ballot, and the 2022 World Cup was awarded to Qatar
Qatar
instead of the U.S.

2011 FIFA
FIFA
PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION

FIFA
FIFA
announced on 25 May 2011 that it had opened the investigation to examine the conduct of four officials— Mohamed Bin Hammam and Jack Warner, along with Caribbean Football Union (CFU) officials Debbie Minguell and Jason Sylvester—in relation to claims made by executive committee member, Chuck Blazer . Blazer, who is the general secretary of the CONCACAF
CONCACAF
federation, has alleged that violations were committed under the FIFA
FIFA
code of ethics during a meeting organized by Bin Hammam and Warner on 10 and 11 May—the same time Lord Triesman had accused Warner of demanding money for a World Cup 2018 vote—in relation to the 2011 FIFA
FIFA
presidential election, in which Bin Hammam, who also played a key role in the Qatar
Qatar
2022 FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
bid , allegedly offered financial incentives for votes cast in his favour during the presidential election. As a result of the investigation both Bin Hammam and Warner were suspended. Warner reacted to his suspension by questioning Blatter's conduct and adding that FIFA secretary general, Jérôme Valcke, had told him via e-mail that Qatar had bought the 2022 World Cup. Valcke subsequently issued a statement denying he had suggested it was bribery, saying instead that the country had "used its financial muscle to lobby for support". Qatar
Qatar
officials denied any impropriety. Bin Hammam also responded by writing to FIFA, protesting unfair treatment in suspension by the FIFA Ethics Committee and FIFA
FIFA
administration.

Further evidence emerged of alleged corruption. On 30 May 2011, Fred Lunn, vice-president of the Bahamas Football Association , said that he was given $40,000 in cash as an incitement to vote for FIFA presidential candidate, Mohamed bin Hammam. In addition, on 11 June 2011 Louis Giskus, president of the Surinamese Football Association , alleged that he was given $40,000 in cash for "development projects" as an incentive to vote for Bin Hammam.

RESPONSE TO ALLEGATIONS

After being re-elected as President of FIFA
FIFA
Sepp Blatter
Sepp Blatter
responded to the allegations by promising to reform FIFA
FIFA
in wake of the bribery scandal, with Danny Jordaan , CEO of the 2010 FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
in South Africa, saying there is great expectation for reform. Former US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger
Henry Kissinger
is being tipped for a role on the newly proposed 'Solutions Committee', and former Netherlands national football team player Johan Cruyff
Johan Cruyff
is also being linked with a role.

UEFA
UEFA
secretary general Gianni Infantino said he hopes for "concrete" measures to be taken by the world game's authority. Saying that "the UEFA
UEFA
executive committee has taken note of the will of FIFA
FIFA
to take concrete and effective measures for good governance ... following the situation closely."

IOC president Jacques Rogge
Jacques Rogge
commented on the situation by saying that he believes FIFA
FIFA
"can emerge stronger" from its worst ever crisis, stating that "I will not point a finger and lecture ... I am sure FIFA can emerge stronger and from within".

Several of FIFA's partners and sponsors have raised concerns about the allegations of corruption, including Coca-Cola
Coca-Cola
, Adidas
Adidas
, Emirates and Visa . Coca-Cola
Coca-Cola
raised concerns by saying "the current allegations being raised are distressing and bad for the sport"; with Adidas
Adidas
saying "the negative tenor of the public debate around Fifa at the moment is neither good for football nor for Fifa and its partners"; moreover Emirates raised its concerns by saying "we hope that these issues will be resolved as soon as possible"; and Visa adding "the current situation is clearly not good for the game and we ask that Fifa take all necessary steps to resolve the concerns that have been raised."

Australian Sports Minister Mark Arbib said it was clear FIFA
FIFA
needed to change, saying "there is no doubt there needs to be reform of FIFA. This is something that we're hearing worldwide", with Australian Senator Nick Xenophon
Nick Xenophon
accusing FIFA
FIFA
of "scamming" the country out of the A$46 million (US$35 million) it spent on the Australia 2022 FIFA World Cup bid , saying that "until the investigation into FIFA
FIFA
has been completed, Australia must hold off spending any more taxpayers' money on any future World Cup bids."

Theo Zwanziger , President of the German Football Association , also called on FIFA
FIFA
to re-examine the awarding of the 2022 FIFA
FIFA
World Cup to Qatar.

Transparency International , which had called on FIFA
FIFA
to postpone the election pending a full independent investigation, renewed its call on FIFA
FIFA
to change its governance structure.

Moreover, former Argentine
Argentine
football player Diego Maradona was critical of FIFA
FIFA
in light of the corruption scandal, comparing members of the board to dinosaurs. He said "Fifa is a big museum. They are dinosaurs who do not want to relinquish power. It's always going to be the same." In October 2011, Dick Pound
Dick Pound
criticized the organization, saying, " FIFA
FIFA
has fallen far short of a credible demonstration that it recognizes the many problems it faces, that it has the will to solve them, that it is willing to be transparent about what it is doing and what it finds, and that its conduct in the future will be such that the public can be confident in the governance of the sport."

FIFA
FIFA
STRUCTURED TOURNAMENTS

MEN\'S TOURNAMENTS

* FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
* FIFA Confederations Cup * Men\'s Olympic Football
Football
Tournament * FIFA U-20 World Cup
FIFA U-20 World Cup
* FIFA U-17 World Cup
FIFA U-17 World Cup
* Boys\' Youth Olympic Football
Football
Tournament (U-15) * FIFA Club World Cup * FIFA
FIFA
Futsal World Cup * FIFA Beach Soccer World Cup
FIFA Beach Soccer World Cup
* Blue Stars/FIFA Youth Cup

WOMEN\'S TOURNAMENTS

* FIFA
FIFA
Women\'s World Cup * Women\'s Olympic Football
Football
Tournament * FIFA
FIFA
U-20 Women\'s World Cup * FIFA
FIFA
U-17 Women\'s World Cup * Girls\' Youth Olympic Football
Football
Tournament (U-15) * FIFA
FIFA
Women\'s Club World Cup (proposed)

OTHER TOURNAMENTS

* FIFA Interactive World Cup
FIFA Interactive World Cup

CURRENT TITLE HOLDERS

Hosts of all Senior Association Football
Football
FIFA
FIFA
World Cups, including both men's and women's

MEN\'S WOMEN\'S

WORLD CUP Germany (2014 ) United States (2015 )

CONFEDERATIONS CUP Germany (2017 ) —

OLYMPIC TOURNAMENT Brazil (2016 ) Germany (2016 )

U-20 WORLD CUP England (2017 ) North Korea (2016 )

U-17 WORLD CUP Nigeria (2015 ) North Korea (2016 )

YOUTH OLYMPIC TOURNAMENT Peru (2014 ) China PR (2014 )

CLUB WORLD CUP Real Madrid
Real Madrid
(2016 ) —

FUTSAL WORLD CUP Argentina (2016 ) —

BEACH SOCCER WORLD CUP Brazil (2017 ) —

BLUE STARS/ FIFA
FIFA
YOUTH CUP Olympique Lyonnais (2017) —

INTERACTIVE WORLD CUP Mohamad Al-Bacha (2016)

SEE ALSO

* Association football
Association football
culture * Association football
Association football
tactics and skills * List of association football clubs
List of association football clubs
* List of association football stadiums by country * List of men\'s national association football teams * List of women\'s national association football teams * List of top association football goal scorers * List of women\'s association football clubs * Lists of association football players

REFERENCES

* ^ A B "Fédération Internationale de Football
Football
Association". Filmcircle.com. 11 June 2014. Archived from the original on 8 October 2014. Retrieved 11 June 2014. * ^ FIFA.com. " FIFA
FIFA
Committees - FIFA Council - FIFA.com". Retrieved 19 December 2016. * ^ " FIFA
FIFA
Financial Report 2013". FIFA. Missing or empty url= (help ); access-date= requires url= (help ) * ^ " FIFA
FIFA
officials arrested on corruption charges; Sepp Blatter isn\'t among them". 27 May 2015. * ^ A B "Nine FIFA
FIFA
Officials and Five Corporate Executives Indicted for Racketeering Conspiracy and Corruption". U.S. DOJ Office of Public Affairs. 27 May 2015. Retrieved 27 May 2015. * ^ Mike Collett & Brian Homewood (27 May 2015). "World soccer rocked as top officials held in U.S., Swiss graft cases". Reuters. Retrieved 27 May 2015. * ^ " Sepp Blatter
Sepp Blatter
and Michel Platini
Michel Platini
banned for eight years by Fifa". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-03-24. * ^ "Rise and fall of Michel Platini
Michel Platini
- the self-proclaimed \'football man\' who forgot the meaning of integrity". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-03-24. * ^ Conn, David (2017-03-02). "Trust in Fifa has improved only slightly under Gianni Infantino, survey finds". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077 . Retrieved 2017-03-24. * ^ Reuters (2017-03-15). " FIFA
FIFA
Ethics Chiefs Facing Uncertain Future". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331 . Retrieved 2017-03-24. * ^ "Infantino at 1. Are the Ethics bigwigs the next stop on his personal ‘reform’ agenda?". Inside World Football. 2017-02-27. Retrieved 2017-03-24. * ^ A B " FIFA Ethics Committee still investigating \'hundreds\' of cases: Borbely". Reuters. 2017-05-10. Retrieved 2017-05-10. * ^ Conn, David (2017-05-10). "Fifa’s ousted ethics heads were investigating ‘hundreds’ of cases". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077 . Retrieved 2017-05-10. * ^ Classic Football
Football
History of FIFA – Foundation, http://www.fifa.com/classicfootball/history/fifa/foundation.html * ^ FIFA
FIFA
(10 September 2009). "FIFA\'s 208 Member Associations" (PDF). Retrieved 1 December 2015. * ^ " FIFA
FIFA
Congress". FIFA. 27 May 2011. Archived from the original on 5 April 2010. * ^ " Issa Hayatou to be acting Fifa president following suspension of Sepp Blatter". The Guardian. 8 October 2015. Retrieved 10 October 2015. * ^ "Acting FIFA
FIFA
President Issa Hayatou". FIFA. Retrieved 8 December 2015. * ^ "Emergency Committee". FIFA. Retrieved 2015-12-07. * ^ Chaudhary, Vivek (2002-04-25). "Outraged Scot takes up the chase of Blatter". The Guardian. Retrieved 2015-12-08. * ^ "Blatter chairs emergency FIFA
FIFA
meeting as scandal grows". Reuters. 2015-05-28. Retrieved 2015-12-08. * ^ " FIFA
FIFA
Ratify Suspension Of Iraqi Football
Football
Association". Goal. 2009-12-04. Retrieved 2015-12-08. * ^ Fifa-Boni: Von wegen 30 Millionen, Bilanz, 17 May 2012. * ^ FIFA
FIFA
Financial Report 2013, p94. * ^ Interview mit: Joseph Blatter, persönlich.com, 2002-10. * ^ "Report claims FIFA
FIFA
bosses secretly doubled their salaries". Sports Sun. Retrieved 23 June 2014. * ^ "Palestine Football: Escape to Victory?". Bruisedearth.org. 27 October 2008. Archived from the original on 27 April 2011. Retrieved 22 December 2010. * ^ "PlayTheGame". Retrieved 11 October 2014. * ^ * ^ EMORY INTERNATIONAL LAW REVIEW. " FIFA
FIFA
TRANSFER REGULATIONS AND UEFA
UEFA
PLAYER ELIGIBILITY RULES: MAJOR CHANGES IN EUROPEAN FOOTBALL AND THE NEGATIVE EFFECT ON MINORS" (PDF). EMORY INTERNATIONAL LAW REVIEW. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 March 2013. Retrieved 28 March 2014. * ^ "Fifa rules out video evidence". The Guardian. London. 5 January 2005. Retrieved 29 November 2009. * ^ IFAB (27 June 1970). "Minutes of the AGM" (PDF). Inverness: Soccer South Bay Referee Association. § 5(i). Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 April 2011. Retrieved 29 November 2009. * ^ " FIFA
FIFA
halts instant replay experiment". CBC News. 8 March 2008.

* ^ A B Previous post Next post (30 November 2009). "Soccer Resists Instant Replay Despite Criticism , Epicenter". Wired. Retrieved 22 December 2010. * ^ " Instant replay may be a good idea, but it\'s a tricky one – Gabriele Marcotti". CNN. 25 September 2008.

* ^ Laws of the game and rulings regarding the use of video replay in other sports:

* "6.A.7 Referee consulting with others". IRB Laws of the Game (PDF). Dublin: International Rugby Board
International Rugby Board
. 2007. p. 22. ISBN 0-9552232-4-5 . Retrieved 29 November 2009. * Trial Playing Condition – Review of Umpiring Decisions * NFL History by Decade * CFL Board of Governors approves instant replay * "Description of the NBA\'s new instant replay rules". NBA. 23 October 2008. Retrieved 16 November 2008. * MLB to launch limited instant replay on Thursday, 28 August * GMs vote 25–5 to use replay to aid home run decisions * "Hawk-Eye challenge rules unified". BBC. 19 March 2008. Retrieved 29 November 2009. * http://www.nhl.com/ice/page.htm?id=26326

* ^ "The World Cup Needs Instant Replay Now". Soccer FanHouse. Archived from the original on 18 December 2010. Retrieved 22 December 2010. * ^ "Bleacher Report". Bleacher Report. Retrieved 22 December 2010.

* ^ Robert Smith (28 June 2010). " FIFA
FIFA
turns deaf ear to calls for replay". Vancouver Sun. Agence France-Presse. Retrieved 24 June 2010. * ^ Coomber, Michael (29 June 2010). " FIFA
FIFA
boss to consider video replay". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 22 December 2010. * ^ " FIFA
FIFA
anthem". YouTube. Retrieved 19 May 2010. * ^ "adidas". FIFA.com. Retrieved 10 August 2014. * ^ "COCA-COLA". FIFA.com. Retrieved 10 August 2014. * ^ "2018 FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
Russia™ Market Affiliates". FIFA.com. Retrieved 10 August 2014. * ^ "Hyundai / Kia Motors". FIFA.com. Retrieved 10 August 2014. * ^ "VISA". FIFA.com. Retrieved 10 August 2014. * ^ " Wanda Group becomes Fifa partner". SportsProMedia. * ^ FIFA
FIFA
Website http://www.fifa.com/about-fifa/news/y=2017/m=5/news=qatar-airways-official-partner-airline-fifa-2882728.html?intcmp=fifacom_hp_module_news. Missing or empty title= (help ) * ^ " BBC
BBC
News Fifa \'like a mafia family\' says former FA boss Triesman". BBC
BBC
News. 11 June 2014. Retrieved 3 October 2014. * ^ Ziegler, Martyn (18 November 2010). "Fifa suspend six officials". The Independent. London. Retrieved 18 November 2010. * ^ " BBC
BBC
iPlayer – World Football: 20/11/2010". BBC. 20 November 2010. Archived from the original on 8 March 2013. Retrieved 9 July 2011. * ^ Panorama, BBC
BBC
One , 29 November 2010 * ^ "Panorama: Three Fifa World Cup officials took bribe", BBC
BBC
News , 29 November 2010 * ^ International
International
(17 June 2011). "Fifa honourary president Joao Havelange faces IOC inquiry". Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 9 July 2011. * ^ Dave Zirin: Abolish FIFA
FIFA
(17 June 2014), Dave Zirin , The Real News Network * ^ Chelvan, Vanessa Paige. "Convicted match-fixer Eric Ding\'s jail term extended to 6 years". CNA. Retrieved 2 December 2015. * ^ " FIFA
FIFA
Officials Arrested on Corruption Charges; Blatter Isn’t Among Them". The New York Times. 27 May 2015. Retrieved 19 December 2016. * ^ WPLG. "FBI searching South Florida offices linked to FIFA
FIFA
in soccer scandal". Local10. * ^ Fifa corruption arrests: key questions answered The Guardian 27 May 2015 * ^ England should boycott 2018 World Cup, says Andy Burnham Guardian 31 May 2015 * ^ Simon Barnes (6 December 2010). " FIFA
FIFA
is a gathering of nasty, mad old men". The Australian. Retrieved 22 December 2010. * ^ Rogers, Martin. " Qatar
Qatar
selection adds to FIFA\'s ongoing folly – World Soccer – Yahoo! Sports". Sports.yahoo.com. Archived from the original on 7 December 2010. Retrieved 22 December 2010. * ^ Seltzer, Greg (3 December 2010). "Media Reaction to World Cup Voting". Philadelphia Union. Retrieved 22 December 2010. * ^ "FIFA, SAFA voting baffling: Sport: Columnists: Mark Gleeson". Sport24.co.za. Retrieved 22 December 2010. * ^ Parker, Nick (6 December 2010). "War on FIFA". The Sun. London.

* ^ Yallop, David (4 December 2010). "England World Cup bid: how did we get it so wrong?". London: Telegraph. Retrieved 22 December 2010. * ^ " BBC
BBC
News – Fifa launches investigation into vote-selling claims". BBC. 17 October 2010. Retrieved 22 December 2010. * ^ Press Association (3 December 2010). "England World Cup chief: Fifa\'s Sepp Blatter
Sepp Blatter
spoke of \'evils of media". The Guardian. UK. Retrieved 22 December 2010. * ^ " Qatar
Qatar
denies paying World Cup bribes to Hayatou, Anouma". Afrikansoccer.com. 11 May 2011. Archived from the original on 9 September 2011. Retrieved 9 July 2011. * ^ "FFA coy on World Cup bid re-run". Sydney Morning Herald. 20 May 2011. Retrieved 9 July 2011. * ^ " FIFA
FIFA
investigates Bin Hammam bribery claims – ESPN Soccernet". ESPN. 25 May 2011. Retrieved 9 July 2011. * ^ "Sepp Blatter: FIFA
FIFA
to meet Qatar
Qatar
2022 bid whistleblower – ESPN". ESPN. 19 May 2011. Retrieved 9 July 2011. * ^ " BBC
BBC
Sport". BBC
BBC
Sport. BBC. * ^ Riach, James. "Sepp Blatter: Russia was chosen as 2018 World Cup host before vote". The Guardian Newspaper. * ^ Postrel, Virginia (3 June 2011). "How FIFA\'s Fouls May Revive the Beautiful Game: David Goldblatt". Bloomberg. Retrieved 9 July 2011. * ^ "Soccer overflowing with scoundrels and scandals". Philly.com. 3 June 2011. Retrieved 9 July 2011. * ^ Owen Gibson (25 May 2011). "Fifa in crisis after claims against Jack Warner and Mohamed bin Hammam". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 9 July 2011. * ^ " FIFA
FIFA
investigates Bin Hammam bribery claims". ESPN. 25 May 2011. Retrieved 9 July 2011. * ^ "Fifa suspends Bin Hammam and Jack Warner". BBC
BBC
News. 29 May 2011. Retrieved 9 July 2011. * ^ "Fifa Soap Opera Latest: Jack Warner Says 2022 World Cup Was \'Bought\' – FanHouse UK". Fanhouse.co.uk. 30 May 2011. Archived from the original on 2 June 2011. Retrieved 9 July 2011. * ^ A B "Blatter tips Henry Kissinger
Henry Kissinger
for role on FIFA
FIFA
\'Solutions Committee\'". CNN. 2 June 2011. Retrieved 9 July 2011. * ^ Doherty, Regan E. (30 May 2011). "Qataris brush off allegations of buying World Cup rights". Reuters. Retrieved 9 July 2011. * ^ Kelso, Paul (1 June 2011). " Mohamed Bin Hammam writes to Fifa protesting \'unfair\' treatment in suspension ahead of presidential election". Telegraph. London. Retrieved 9 July 2011. * ^ Press Association (30 May 2011). "Official \'was offered $40,000\' after Mohamed bin Hammam presentation". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 9 July 2011. * ^ Owen Gibson (9 June 2011). "Fifa rocked by fresh claims after Surinam FA reports $40,000 \'gift\'". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 9 July 2011. * ^ " FIFA Congress Roundup – Kissinger, Cruyff for Watchdog; Jordaan\'s Expectations for Reforms". Worldfootballinsider.com. 3 June 2011. Retrieved 9 July 2011. * ^ Matt Scott in Zurich
Zurich
(2 June 2011). "Henry Kissinger recommended for Fifa anti-corruption squad Football". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 9 July 2011. * ^ Eurosport / PA Sport. "World Cup – UEFA
UEFA
wants \'concrete\' changes to FIFA
FIFA
soon – Yahoo! Eurosport". Uk.eurosport.yahoo.com. Retrieved 9 July 2011. * ^ "Blatter Vows to Tackle Corruption; IOC Chief Says FIFA
FIFA
"Can Emerge Stronger" From Crisis". Worldfootballinsider.com. 31 May 2011. Retrieved 9 July 2011. * ^ A B "Fifa corruption claims: What the sponsors are saying". London: Telegraph. 1 June 2011. Retrieved 9 July 2011. * ^ Reece, Damian (2 June 2011). "McDonald\'s joins Coca-Cola
Coca-Cola
and Visa in calling for Fifa change". London: Telegraph. Retrieved 9 July 2011. * ^ Press Association (30 May 2011). " Coca-Cola
Coca-Cola
joins Adidas
Adidas
in expressing concern about Fifa shenanigans". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 9 July 2011. * ^ (AFP) – 30 May 2011 (30 May 2011). "AFP: Australia demands FIFA
FIFA
reform". Google. Archived from the original on 24 May 2012. Retrieved 9 July 2011. * ^ " BBC
BBC
Sport – German Federation asks Fifa for inquiry into Qatar
Qatar
2022". BBC
BBC
News. 1 June 2011. Retrieved 9 July 2011. * ^ "What should FIFA
FIFA
do about corruption: version 2.0 : space for transparency". Blog.transparency.org. Retrieved 9 July 2011. * ^ "It\'s a big museum of dinosaurs – Diego Maradona blasts Fifa". Goal.com. 4 June 2011. Retrieved 9 July 2011. * ^ Associated Press
Associated Press
, "Pound lambastes FIFA
FIFA
for lack of transparency", Japan Times
Japan Times
, 5 October 2011, p. 18.

FURTHER READING

* Paul Darby, Africa, Football
Football
and Fifa: Politics, Colonialism and Resistance (Sport in the Global Society), Frank Cass Publishers 2002, ISBN 0-7146-8029-X . * John Sugden, FIFA
FIFA
and the Contest For World Football, Polity Press 1998, ISBN 0-7456-1661-5 . * Jim Trecker, Charles Miers, J. Brett Whitesell, ed., Women's Soccer: The Game and the Fifa World Cup, Universe 2000, Revised Edition, ISBN 0-7893-0527-5 .

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikimedia Commons has media related to FIFA
FIFA
.

* Official website (in English) (in French)

.