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International
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Olympic Committee International
International
Football
Football
Association Board

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103

Website www.fifa.com

The Fédération Internationale de Football
Football
Association (FIFA /ˈfiːfə/ FEEF-ə; French for " International
International
Federation of Association Football") is an association which describes itself as an international governing body of association football, futsal, and beach soccer. FIFA
FIFA
is responsible for the organization of football's major international tournaments, notably the World Cup which commenced in 1930 and the Women's World Cup which commenced in 1991. FIFA
FIFA
was founded in 1904 to oversee international competition among the national associations of Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, and Switzerland. Headquartered in Zürich, its membership now comprises 211 national associations. Member countries must each also be members of one of the six regional confederations into which the world is divided: Africa, Asia, Europe, North & Central America and the Caribbean, Oceania, and South America. Although FIFA
FIFA
does not control the rules of football (that being the responsibility of the International
International
Football
Football
Association Board), it is responsible for both the organization of a number of tournaments and their promotion, which generate revenue from sponsorship. In 2013, FIFA
FIFA
had revenues of over 1.3 billion U.S. dollars, for a net profit of 72 million, and had cash reserves of over 1.4 billion U.S. dollars.[3] Reports by investigative journalists have linked FIFA
FIFA
leadership with corruption, bribery, and vote-rigging related to the election of FIFA President Sepp Blatter
Sepp Blatter
and the organization's decision to award the 2018 and 2022 World Cups to Russia and Qatar, respectively. These allegations led to the indictments of nine high-ranking FIFA
FIFA
officials and five corporate executives by the U.S. Department of Justice
U.S. Department of Justice
on charges including racketeering, wire fraud, and money laundering. On 27 May 2015, several of these officials were arrested by Swiss authorities, who were launching a simultaneous but separate criminal investigation into how the organization awarded the 2018 and 2022 World Cups. Those among these officials who were also indicted in the U.S. are expected to be extradited to face charges there as well.[4][5][6] Many officials were suspended by FIFA's ethics committee including Sepp Blatter[7] and Michel Platini.[8] In early 2017 reports became public about FIFA
FIFA
president Gianni Infantino attempting to prevent the re-elections[9] of both chairmen of the ethics committee, Cornel Borbély and Hans-Joachim Eckert, during the FIFA
FIFA
congress in May 2017.[10][11] On May 9, 2017, following Infantino's proposal,[12] FIFA Council
FIFA Council
decided not to renew the mandates of Borbély and Eckert.[12] Together with the chairmen, eleven of 13 committee members were removed.[13]

Contents

1 History 2 Structure

2.1 Laws and governance 2.2 Administrative cost 2.3 Six confederations and 211 national associations

3 Recognitions and awards 4 Governance and game development

4.1 Discipline of national associations 4.2 Video replay

5 Anthem 6 Sponsors 7 Corruption and legislative interference

7.1 Guilty pleas 7.2 Indictments and arrests 7.3 2018 and 2022 World Cup
2022 World Cup
bids 7.4 2011 FIFA
FIFA
presidential election 7.5 Response to allegations

8 FIFA
FIFA
structured tournaments

8.1 Men's tournaments 8.2 Women's tournaments 8.3 Other tournaments 8.4 Current title holders

9 See also 10 References 11 Further reading 12 External links

History[edit] Main article: History of FIFA The need for a single body to oversee association football became apparent at the beginning of the 20th century with the increasing popularity of international fixtures. The Fédération Internationale de Football
Football
Association (FIFA) was founded in the rear of the headquarters of the Union des Sociétés Françaises de Sports Athlétiques at the Rue Saint Honoré 229 in Paris on 21 May 1904.[14] The French name and acronym are used even outside French-speaking countries. The founding members were the national associations of Belgium, Denmark, France, the Netherlands, Spain
Spain
(represented by Madrid Football
Football
Club; the Spanish Federation was not created until 1913), Sweden and Switzerland. Also, that same day, the German Association declared its intention of affiliating through a telegram.[1] The first president of FIFA
FIFA
was Robert Guérin. Guérin was replaced in 1906 by Daniel Burley Woolfall
Daniel Burley Woolfall
from England, by then a member of the association. The first tournament FIFA
FIFA
staged, the association football competition for the 1908 Olympics in London was more successful than its Olympic predecessors, despite the presence of professional footballers, contrary to the founding principles of FIFA.[dubious – discuss] Membership of FIFA
FIFA
expanded beyond Europe with the application of South Africa
South Africa
in 1909, Argentina in 1912, Canada and Chile in 1913, and the United States in 1914.[15] During World War I, with many players sent off to war and the possibility of travel for international fixtures severely limited, the organization's survival was in doubt. Post-war, following the death of Woolfall, the organisation was run by Dutchman Carl Hirschmann. It was saved from extinction but at the cost of the withdrawal of the Home Nations (of the United Kingdom), who cited an unwillingness to participate in international competitions with their recent World War enemies. The Home Nations
Home Nations
later resumed their membership. The FIFA
FIFA
collection is held by the National Football Museum
National Football Museum
at Urbis in Manchester, England.[16] The first World Cup was held in 1930 in Montevideo, Uruguay.[17] Structure[edit] Main article: List of FIFA
FIFA
Member Associations

Map of the World with the six confederations: membership details below.

Laws and governance[edit] FIFA
FIFA
is headquartered in Zürich, and is an association established under the Law of Switzerland. FIFA's supreme body is the FIFA
FIFA
Congress, an assembly made up of representatives from each affiliated member association. Each national football association has one vote, regardless of its size or footballing strength. The Congress assembles in ordinary session once every year, and extraordinary sessions have been held once a year since 1998. The congress makes decisions relating to FIFA's governing statutes and their method of implementation and application. Only the Congress can pass changes to FIFA's statutes. The congress approves the annual report, and decides on the acceptance of new national associations and holds elections. Congress elects the President of FIFA, its General Secretary, and the other members of the FIFA
FIFA
Council in the year following the FIFA
FIFA
World Cup.[18] FIFA's Executive Committee, chaired by the President, is the main decision-making body of the organisation in the intervals of Congress. The Executive Committee is composed of 25 people: the President, 8 Vice Presidents, and 15 members and one woman member. The Executive Committee is the body that decides which country will host the World Cup. The President and General Secretary are the main office holders of FIFA, and are in charge of its daily administration, carried out by the General Secretariat, with its staff of approximately 280 members. Gianni Infantino
Gianni Infantino
is the current president, elected on 26 February 2016 at the Extraordinary FIFA
FIFA
Congress. Former president Sepp Blatter
Sepp Blatter
is suspended pending a corruption investigation.[19][20] FIFA's worldwide organisational structure also consists of several other bodies, under the authority of the Executive Committee or created by Congress as standing committees. Among those bodies are the FIFA
FIFA
Emergency Committee, the FIFA
FIFA
Ethics Committee, the Finance Committee, the Disciplinary Committee, and the Referees Committee. The FIFA
FIFA
Emergency Committee deals with all matters requiring immediate settlement in the time frame between the regular meetings of the FIFA
FIFA
Executive Committee.[21][22] The Emergency Committee consists of the FIFA
FIFA
President as well as one member from each confederation.[23] Emergency Committee decisions made are immediately put into legal effect, although they need to be ratified at the next Executive Committee meeting.[24] Administrative cost[edit] FIFA
FIFA
publishes its results according to IFRS. The total compensation for the management committee in 2011 was 30 million for 35 people. Blatter, the only full-time person on the committee, earned approximately two million Swiss francs, 1.2 million in salary and the rest in bonuses.[25][26][27] A report in London's Sunday Times in June 2014 said the members of the committee had their salaries doubled from $100,000 to $200,000 during the year. The report also said leaked documents had indicated $4.4 million in secret bonuses had been paid to the committee members following the 2010 FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
in South Africa.[28] Six confederations and 211 national associations[edit]

FIFA
FIFA
confederations

AFC, CAF, CONCACAF

CONMEBOL, OFC, UEFA

v t e

Besides its worldwide institutions there are six confederations recognised by FIFA
FIFA
which oversee the game in the different continents and regions of the world. National associations, and not the continental confederations, are members of FIFA. The continental confederations are provided for in FIFA's statutes, and membership of a confederation is a prerequisite to FIFA
FIFA
membership.

     Asian Football Confederation
Asian Football Confederation
(AFC; 47 members)

Australia has been a member of the AFC since 2006

     Confederation of African Football
Confederation of African Football
(CAF; 56 members)      Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football
Football
(CONCACAF; 41 members)

French Guiana, Guyana and Suriname are CONCACAF
CONCACAF
members although they are in South America. The French Guiana team is a member of CONCACAF but not of FIFA.

     Confederación Sudamericana de Fútbol (CONMEBOL; 10 members)      Oceania Football Confederation
Oceania Football Confederation
(OFC; 11 members)      Union of European Football
Football
Associations (UEFA; 55 members)

Teams representing the nations of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Israel, Kazakhstan, Russia and Turkey are UEFA
UEFA
members, although the majority or entirety of their territory is outside of continental Europe. Monaco
Monaco
is not member of UEFA
UEFA
or FIFA.

In total, FIFA
FIFA
recognises 211 national associations and their associated men's national teams as well as 129 women's national teams; see the list of national football teams and their respective country codes. FIFA
FIFA
has more member states than the UN as FIFA
FIFA
recognises 23 non-sovereign entities as distinct nations, such as the four Home Nations within the United Kingdom and politically disputed territories such as Palestine.[29] The FIFA
FIFA
Working Committee of Small Nations has categorized potential FIFA
FIFA
members into three categories:

Independent states not in FIFA
FIFA
(Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Monaco, Niue, Palau, Tuvalu) Non-independent territories (Åland Islands, Guadeloupe, Greenland, Guernsey, Isle of Man, Jersey, Martinique, Northern Mariana Islands, Réunion, Sint Maarten, Zanzibar) Politically sensitive areas (Abkhazia, Crimea, Northern Cyprus, South Ossetia).[30][31]

The FIFA World Rankings
FIFA World Rankings
are updated monthly and rank each team based on their performance in international competitions, qualifiers, and friendly matches. There is also a world ranking for women's football, updated four times a year. Recognitions and awards[edit] FIFA
FIFA
holds an annual awards ceremony which recognises both individual and team achievements in international association football. Individually, the top men's player is awarded the FIFA Ballon d'Or
FIFA Ballon d'Or
and the top women's player is named FIFA
FIFA
World Player of the Year; the latter title was also awarded to the men's player prior to its 2010 merger with France
France
Football's Ballon d'Or. At the Ballon d'Or
Ballon d'Or
banquet, the FIFA
FIFA
Puskás Award, FIFA/ FIFPro
FIFPro
Best XI, FIFA
FIFA
Fair Play Award, and FIFA Presidential Award are also awarded. In 1994 FIFA
FIFA
published the FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
All-Time Team. In 2000 FIFA published the results of an Internet poll, declaring Real Madrid
Real Madrid
to be the FIFA
FIFA
Club of the Century. In 2002 FIFA
FIFA
announced the FIFA
FIFA
Dream Team, an all-time all-star team chosen by fans in a poll. As part of its centennial celebrations in 2004, FIFA
FIFA
organised a "Match of the Century" between France
France
and Brazil. Governance and game development[edit]

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Main article: Laws of the Game (association football)

FIFA headquarters
FIFA headquarters
in Zurich

The laws that govern football, known officially as the Laws of the Game, are not solely the responsibility of FIFA; they are maintained by a body called the International Football Association Board
International Football Association Board
(IFAB). FIFA
FIFA
has members on its board (four representatives); the other four are provided by the football associations of the United Kingdom: England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland, who jointly established IFAB in 1882 and are recognised for the creation and history of the game. Changes to the Laws of the Game must be agreed by at least six of the eight delegates. The FIFA
FIFA
Statutes form the overarching document guiding FIFA's governing system. The governing system is divided into separate bodies that have the appropriate powers to create a system of checks and balances. It consists of four general bodies: the congress, the executive committee, the general secretariat, and standing and ad-hoc committees.[32] Discipline of national associations[edit] FIFA
FIFA
frequently takes active roles in the running of the sport and developing the game around the world. One of its sanctions is to suspend teams and associated members from international competition when a government interferes in the running of FIFA's associate member organisations or if the associate is not functioning properly. A 2007 FIFA
FIFA
ruling that a player can be registered with a maximum of three clubs, and appear in official matches for a maximum of two, in a year measured from 1 July to 30 June has led to controversy, especially in those countries whose seasons cross that date barrier, as in the case of two former Ireland internationals. As a direct result of this controversy, FIFA
FIFA
modified this ruling the following year to accommodate transfers between leagues with out-of-phase seasons. Video replay[edit] See also: Goal-line technology

Flag of FIFA
FIFA
with the organisation's slogan

FIFA
FIFA
does not permit video evidence during matches, although it is permitted for subsequent sanctions.[33] The 1970 meeting of the International Football Association Board
International Football Association Board
"agreed to request the television authorities to refrain from any slow-motion play-back which reflected, or might reflect, adversely on any decision of the referee".[34] In 2008, FIFA
FIFA
President Sepp Blatter
Sepp Blatter
said: "Let it be as it is and let's leave [football] with errors. The television companies will have the right to say [the referee] was right or wrong, but still the referee makes the decision – a man, not a machine."[35] It has been said that instant replay is needed given the difficulty of tracking the activities of 22 players on such a large field,[36] and it has been proposed that instant replay be used in penalty incidents, fouls which lead to bookings or red cards and whether the ball has crossed the goal line, since those events are more likely than others to be game-changing.[37] Critics point out that instant replay is already in use in other sports, including rugby union, cricket, American football, Canadian football, basketball, baseball, tennis, and ice hockey.[36][38][39][40] As one notable proponent of video replay, Portuguese coach Carlos Queiroz
Carlos Queiroz
has been quoted as saying that the "credibility of the game" is at stake.[41] An incident during a second-round game in the 2010 FIFA
FIFA
World Cup between England
England
and Germany, where a shot by Englishman Frank Lampard, which would have leveled the scores at 2–2 in a match that ultimately ended in a 4–1 German victory, crossed the line but was not seen to do so by the match officials, led FIFA
FIFA
officials to declare that they will re-examine the use of goal-line technology.[42] Anthem[edit] Main article: FIFA
FIFA
Anthem Since the 1994 FIFA
FIFA
World Cup, like the UEFA
UEFA
Champions League, FIFA has adopted an anthem composed by the German composer Franz Lambert. It has been recently re-arranged and produced by Rob May
Rob May
and Simon Hill.[43][44] The FIFA Anthem is played at the beginning of official FIFA
FIFA
sanctioned matches and tournaments such as international friendlies, the FIFA
FIFA
World Cup, FIFA
FIFA
Women's World Cup, FIFA
FIFA
U-20 World Cup, FIFA
FIFA
U-17 World Cup, Football
Football
at the Summer Olympics, FIFA U-20 Women's World Cup, FIFA
FIFA
Women's U-17 World Cup, FIFA
FIFA
Futsal
Futsal
World Cup, FIFA Beach Soccer World Cup
FIFA Beach Soccer World Cup
and FIFA
FIFA
Club World Cup.[45] Since 2007, FIFA
FIFA
has also required most of its broadcast partners to use short sequences including the anthem at the beginning and end of FIFA
FIFA
event coverage, as well as for break bumpers, to help promote FIFA's sponsors. This emulates practices long used by some other international football events such as the UEFA
UEFA
Champions League. Exceptions may be made for specific events; for example, an original piece of African music was used for bumpers during the 2010 FIFA
FIFA
World Cup. Sponsors[edit]

Adidas[46] Coca-Cola[47] Gazprom[48] Hyundai/Kia Motors[49] Visa[50] Wanda Group[51] Qatar
Qatar
Airways[52]

Corruption and legislative interference[edit] Main article: 2015 FIFA
FIFA
corruption case In May 2006 British investigative reporter Andrew Jennings' book Foul! The Secret World of FIFA: Bribes, Vote-Rigging and Ticket Scandals (Harper Collins) caused controversy within the football world by detailing an alleged international cash-for-contracts scandal following the collapse of FIFA's marketing partner International
International
Sport and Leisure (ISL), and revealed how some football officials have been urged to secretly repay the sweeteners they received. The book also alleged that vote-rigging had occurred in the fight for Sepp Blatter's continued control of FIFA. Shortly after the release of Foul! a BBC
BBC
television exposé by Jennings and BBC
BBC
producer Roger Corke for the BBC
BBC
news programme Panorama was broadcast. In this hour-long programme, screened on 11 June 2006, Jennings and the Panorama team agree that Sepp Blatter
Sepp Blatter
was being investigated by Swiss police over his role in a secret deal to repay more than £1m worth of bribes pocketed by football officials. Lord Triesman, the former chairman of the English Football Association, described FIFA
FIFA
as an organization that "behaves like a mafia family", highlighting the association's "decades-long traditions of bribes, bungs and corruption".[53] All testimonies offered in the Panorama exposé were provided through a disguised voice, appearance, or both, save one; Mel Brennan, formerly a lecturer at Towson University
Towson University
in the United States (and from 2001 to 2003 Head of Special
Special
Projects for CONCACAF, a liaison to the e- FIFA
FIFA
project and a 2002 FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
delegate), became the first high-level football insider to go public with substantial allegations of greed, corruption, nonfeasance and malfeasance by CONCACAF
CONCACAF
and FIFA
FIFA
leadership. During the Panorama exposé, Brennan—the highest-level African-American in the history of world football governance—joined Jennings, Trinidadian journalist Lisana Liburd and many others in exposing allegedly inappropriate allocations of money at CONCACAF, and drew connections between ostensible CONCACAF criminality and similar behaviors at FIFA. Since then, and in the light of fresh allegations of bribery and corruption and opaque action by FIFA
FIFA
in late 2010,[54] both Jennings and Brennan remain highly critical of FIFA, with Brennan calling directly for an alternative to FIFA
FIFA
to be considered by the stakeholders of the sport throughout the world.[55] In a further Panorama documentary broadcast on BBC
BBC
One on 29 November 2010, Jennings alleged that three senior FIFA
FIFA
officials, Nicolas Leoz, Issa Hayatou
Issa Hayatou
and Ricardo Teixeira, had been paid huge bribes by FIFA's marketing partner ISL between 1989 and 1999, which FIFA
FIFA
had failed to investigate. He claimed they appeared on a list of 175 bribes paid by ISL, totaling about $100 million. A former ISL executive said that there were suspicions within ISL that the company was only awarded the marketing contract for successive World Cups by paying bribes to FIFA
FIFA
officials. The programme also alleged that another current official, Jack Warner, has been repeatedly involved in reselling World Cup tickets to touts; Sepp Blatter
Sepp Blatter
said that FIFA
FIFA
had not investigated the allegation because it had not been told about it via 'official channels'. The programme also criticized FIFA
FIFA
for allegedly requiring World Cup host bidding nations to agree to implement special laws for the World Cup, including a blanket tax exemption for FIFA
FIFA
and sponsors, and limitation of workers' rights. It alleged that governments of bidding nations are required to keep the details of the required laws confidential during the bidding process; but that they were revealed by the Dutch government, which refused to agree to them, as a result of which it was told by FIFA
FIFA
that its bid could be adversely affected. According to the programme, following Jennings' earlier investigations he was banned from all FIFA
FIFA
press conferences, for reasons he says have not been made clear; and the accused officials failed to answer questions about his latest allegations, either verbally or by letter. British Prime Minister David Cameron
David Cameron
and Andy Anson, head of England's World Cup bid, criticized the timing of the broadcast, three days before FIFA's decision on the host for the 2018 FIFA
FIFA
World Cup, on the grounds that it might damage England's bid; the voters included officials accused by the programme.[56][57] In June 2011, it came to light that the IOC
IOC
had started inquiry proceedings against FIFA
FIFA
honorary president João Havelange
João Havelange
into claims of bribery. The BBC
BBC
Panorama programme alleged that the Brazilian accepted a $1 million 'bung' in 1997 from ISL. The Olympic governing body said "the IOC
IOC
takes all allegations of corruption very seriously and we would always ask for any evidence of wrongdoing involving any IOC
IOC
members to be passed to our ethics commission".[58] In a 2014 interview, American sports writer Dave Zirin
Dave Zirin
said greed, corruption, nonfeasance, and malfeasance are endemic to FIFA leadership, and that FIFA
FIFA
should be abolished for the good of the game. He said that currently, FIFA
FIFA
is in charge of both monitoring corruption in football matches, and marketing and selling the sport, but that two "separate" organizational bodies are needed: an organizational body that monitors corruption and match-fixing and the like, and an organization that's responsible for marketing and sponsorships and selling the sport. Zirin said the idea of having a single organization that's responsible for both seems highly ineffective and detrimental to the sport.[59] Guilty pleas[edit] Between 2013 and 2015 four individuals, and two sports television rights corporations pleaded guilty to United States financial misconduct charges. The pleas of Chuck Blazer, José Hawilla, Daryan Warner, Darrell Warner, Traffic Group and Traffic Sports USA were unsealed in May 2015.[5] In another 2015 case, Singapore
Singapore
also imposed a 6-year "harshest sentence ever received for match-fixing" on match-fixer Eric Ding who had bribed three Lebanese FIFA
FIFA
football officials with prostitutes as an inducement to fix future matches that they would officiate, as well as perverting the course of justice.[60] Indictments and arrests[edit] Fourteen FIFA
FIFA
officials and marketing executives were indicted by the United States Department of Justice
United States Department of Justice
in May 2015. The officials were arrested in Switzerland
Switzerland
and are in the process of extradition to the US. Specific charges (brought under the RICO
RICO
act) include wire fraud, racketeering, and money laundering.[61] "Swiss authorities say they have also opened a separate criminal investigation into FIFA's operations pertaining to the 2018 and 2022 World Cup bids".[62] FIFA’s top officials were arrested at a hotel in Switzerland
Switzerland
on suspicion of receiving bribes totaling $100m (£65m). The US Department of Justice stated that nine FIFA
FIFA
officials and four executives of sports management companies were arrested and accused of over $150m in bribes.[63] The UK Shadow Home Secretary and Labour Member of Parliament, Andy Burnham, stated in May 2015 that England should boycott the 2018 World Cup
2018 World Cup
against corruption in FIFA
FIFA
and military aggression by Russia.[64] 2018 and 2022 World Cup
2022 World Cup
bids[edit] Further information: 2018 and 2022 FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
bids and Garcia Report FIFA's choice to award the 2018 World Cup
2018 World Cup
to Russia and the 2022 World Cup to Qatar
Qatar
has been widely criticised by media.[65][66][67][68][69] It has been alleged that some FIFA
FIFA
inside sources insist that the Russian kickbacks of cash and gifts given to FIFA
FIFA
executive members were enough to secure the Russian 2018 bid weeks before the result was announced.[70] Sepp Blatter
Sepp Blatter
was widely criticised in the media for giving a warning about the "evils of the media" in a speech to FIFA executive committee members shortly before they voted on the hosting of the 2018 World Cup, a reference to The Sunday Times
The Sunday Times
exposés[71] and the Panorama investigation.[72] Two members of FIFA's executive committee were banned from all football-related activity in November 2010 for allegedly offering to sell their votes to undercover newspaper reporters. In early May 2011, a British parliamentary inquiry into why England
England
failed to secure the 2018 finals was told by member of parliament, Damian Collins, that there was evidence from the Sunday Times newspaper that Issa Hayatou of Cameroon and Jacques Anouma of Ivory Coast
Ivory Coast
were paid by Qatar. Qatar
Qatar
has categorically denied the allegations, as have Hayatou and Anouma.[73] FIFA
FIFA
President Blatter said, as of 23 May 2011, that the British newspaper The Sunday Times
The Sunday Times
has agreed to bring its whistle-blowing source to meet senior FIFA
FIFA
officials, who will decide whether to order a new investigation into alleged World Cup bidding corruption. "[The Sunday Times] are happy, they agreed that they will bring this whistleblower here to Zürich
Zürich
and then we will have a discussion, an investigation of this", Blatter said. Specifically, the whistleblower claims that FIFA
FIFA
executive committee members Issa Hayatou
Issa Hayatou
and Jacques Anouma were paid $1.5 million to vote for Qatar.[74][75] The emirate's bid beat the United States in a final round of voting last December. Blatter did not rule out reopening the 2022 vote if corruption could be proved, but urged taking the matter "step by step". The FIFA
FIFA
president said his organization is "anxiously awaiting" more evidence before asking its ethics committee to examine allegations made in Britain's Parliament in early May 2011. Hayatou, who is from Cameroon, leads the Confederation of African Football
Football
and is a FIFA
FIFA
vice president. Anouma is president of Ivorian Football
Football
Federation. The whistleblower said Qatar
Qatar
agreed to pay a third African voter, Amos Adamu, for his support. The Nigerian
Nigerian
was later suspended from voting after a FIFA
FIFA
ethics court ruled he solicited bribes from undercover Sunday Times reporters posing as lobbyists. Blatter said the newspaper and its whistleblower would meet with FIFA
FIFA
secretary general, Jérôme Valcke, and legal director, Marco Villiger. Allegations against FIFA
FIFA
officials have also been made to the UK Parliament by David Triesman, the former head of England's bid and the English Football
Football
Association. Triesman told the lawmakers that four long-standing FIFA
FIFA
executive committee members—Jack Warner, Nicolas Leoz, Ricardo Teixeira
Ricardo Teixeira
and Worawi Makudi—engaged in "improper and unethical" conduct in the 2018 bidding, which was won by Russia. All six FIFA
FIFA
voters have denied wrongdoing.[76] On 28 September 2015, Sepp Blatter
Sepp Blatter
suggested that the 2018 World Cup being awarded to Russia was planned before the voting, and that the 2022 World Cup
2022 World Cup
would have then been awarded to the United States. However, this plan changed after the election ballot, and the 2022 World Cup was awarded to Qatar
Qatar
instead of the U.S.[77][78] 2011 FIFA
FIFA
presidential election[edit] FIFA
FIFA
announced on 25 May 2011 that it had opened the investigation to examine the conduct of four officials— Mohamed Bin Hammam
Mohamed Bin Hammam
and Jack Warner, along with Caribbean Football Union
Caribbean Football Union
(CFU) officials Debbie Minguell and Jason Sylvester—in relation to claims made by executive committee member, Chuck Blazer.[79][80][81] Blazer, who is the general secretary of the CONCACAF
CONCACAF
federation, has alleged that violations were committed under the FIFA
FIFA
code of ethics during a meeting organized by Bin Hammam and Warner on 10 and 11 May—the same time Lord Triesman had accused Warner of demanding money for a World Cup 2018 vote—in relation to the 2011 FIFA
FIFA
presidential election,[82] in which Bin Hammam, who also played a key role in the Qatar
Qatar
2022 FIFA
FIFA
World Cup bid, allegedly offered financial incentives for votes cast in his favour during the presidential election. As a result of the investigation both Bin Hammam and Warner were suspended.[83] Warner reacted to his suspension by questioning Blatter's conduct and adding that FIFA
FIFA
secretary general, Jérôme Valcke, had told him via e-mail that Qatar
Qatar
had bought the 2022 World Cup.[84][85] Valcke subsequently issued a statement denying he had suggested it was bribery, saying instead that the country had "used its financial muscle to lobby for support". Qatar
Qatar
officials denied any impropriety.[86] Bin Hammam also responded by writing to FIFA, protesting unfair treatment in suspension by the FIFA Ethics Committee
FIFA Ethics Committee
and FIFA
FIFA
administration.[87] Further evidence emerged of alleged corruption. On 30 May 2011, Fred Lunn, vice-president of the Bahamas Football
Football
Association, said that he was given $40,000 in cash[88] as an incitement to vote for FIFA presidential candidate, Mohamed bin Hammam. In addition, on 11 June 2011 Louis Giskus, president of the Surinamese Football
Football
Association, alleged that he was given $40,000 in cash for "development projects" as an incentive to vote for Bin Hammam.[89] Response to allegations[edit] After being re-elected as President of FIFA
FIFA
Sepp Blatter
Sepp Blatter
responded to the allegations by promising to reform FIFA
FIFA
in wake of the bribery scandal, with Danny Jordaan, CEO of the 2010 FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
in South Africa, saying there is great expectation for reform.[90] Former US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger
Henry Kissinger
is being tipped for a role on the newly proposed 'Solutions Committee', and former Netherlands national football team player Johan Cruyff
Johan Cruyff
is also being linked with a role.[85][91] UEFA
UEFA
secretary general Gianni Infantino
Gianni Infantino
said he hopes for "concrete" measures to be taken by the world game's authority. Saying that "the UEFA
UEFA
executive committee has taken note of the will of FIFA
FIFA
to take concrete and effective measures for good governance ... [and is] following the situation closely."[92] IOC
IOC
president Jacques Rogge
Jacques Rogge
commented on the situation by saying that he believes FIFA
FIFA
"can emerge stronger" from its worst ever crisis, stating that "I will not point a finger and lecture ... I am sure FIFA can emerge stronger and from within".[93] Several of FIFA's partners and sponsors have raised concerns about the allegations of corruption, including Coca-Cola, Adidas, Emirates and Visa.[94][95][96] Coca-Cola
Coca-Cola
raised concerns by saying "the current allegations being raised are distressing and bad for the sport"; with Adidas
Adidas
saying "the negative tenor of the public debate around Fifa at the moment is neither good for football nor for Fifa and its partners"; moreover Emirates raised its concerns by saying "we hope that these issues will be resolved as soon as possible"; and Visa adding "the current situation is clearly not good for the game and we ask that Fifa take all necessary steps to resolve the concerns that have been raised."[94] Australian Sports Minister Mark Arbib
Mark Arbib
said it was clear FIFA
FIFA
needed to change, saying "there is no doubt there needs to be reform of FIFA. This is something that we're hearing worldwide", with Australian Senator Nick Xenophon
Nick Xenophon
accusing FIFA
FIFA
of "scamming" the country out of the A$46 million (US$35 million) it spent on the Australia 2022 FIFA World Cup bid, saying that "until the investigation into FIFA
FIFA
has been completed, Australia must hold off spending any more taxpayers' money on any future World Cup bids."[97] Theo Zwanziger, President of the German Football
Football
Association, also called on FIFA
FIFA
to re-examine the awarding of the 2022 FIFA
FIFA
World Cup to Qatar.[98] Transparency International, which had called on FIFA
FIFA
to postpone the election pending a full independent investigation, renewed its call on FIFA
FIFA
to change its governance structure.[99] Moreover, former Argentine
Argentine
football player Diego Maradona
Diego Maradona
was critical of FIFA
FIFA
in light of the corruption scandal, comparing members of the board to dinosaurs. He said "Fifa is a big museum. They are dinosaurs who do not want to relinquish power. It's always going to be the same."[100] In October 2011, Dick Pound
Dick Pound
criticized the organization, saying, " FIFA
FIFA
has fallen far short of a credible demonstration that it recognizes the many problems it faces, that it has the will to solve them, that it is willing to be transparent about what it is doing and what it finds, and that its conduct in the future will be such that the public can be confident in the governance of the sport."[101] FIFA
FIFA
structured tournaments[edit]

Men's tournaments[edit] Major tournaments

FIFA
FIFA
World Cup FIFA
FIFA
Confederations Cup Men's Olympic Football
Football
Tournament

Minor tournaments

FIFA
FIFA
U-20 World Cup FIFA
FIFA
U-17 World Cup Boys' Youth Olympic Football
Football
Tournament (U-15) FIFA
FIFA
Club World Cup FIFA
FIFA
Futsal
Futsal
World Cup FIFA
FIFA
Beach Soccer World Cup Blue Stars/ FIFA
FIFA
Youth Cup

Women's tournaments[edit]

FIFA
FIFA
Women's World Cup Women's Olympic Football
Football
Tournament FIFA
FIFA
U-20 Women's World Cup FIFA
FIFA
U-17 Women's World Cup Girls' Youth Olympic Football
Football
Tournament (U-15) FIFA Women's Club World Cup
FIFA Women's Club World Cup
(proposed)

Other tournaments[edit]

FIFA
FIFA
Interactive World Cup

Current title holders[edit]

Hosts of all Senior Association Football
Football
FIFA
FIFA
World Cups, including both men's and women's

Men's Women's

World Cup  Germany (2014)  United States (2015)

Confederations Cup  Germany (2017) —

Olympic Tournament  Brazil (2016)  Germany (2016)

U-20 World Cup   England
England
(2017)  North Korea (2016)

U-17 World Cup   England
England
(2017)  North Korea (2016)

Youth Olympic Tournament  Peru (2014)  China PR (2014)

Club World Cup Real Madrid
Real Madrid
(2017) —

Futsal
Futsal
World Cup  Argentina (2016) —

Beach Soccer World Cup  Brazil (2017) —

Blue Stars/ FIFA
FIFA
Youth Cup Olympique Lyonnais
Olympique Lyonnais
(2017) —

Interactive World Cup Spencer Ealing (2017)

See also[edit]

Association football
Association football
culture Association football
Association football
tactics and skills List of association football clubs List of association football stadiums by country List of men's national association football teams List of women's national association football teams List of top association football goal scorers List of women's association football clubs Lists of association football players

References[edit]

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Football
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FIFA
Committees - FIFA Council
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FIFA
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FIFA
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Sepp Blatter
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FIFA
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Sepp Blatter
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Michel Platini
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FIFA
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FIFA
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Instant replay
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International
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FIFA
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FIFA
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FIFA World Cup
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Wanda Group
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Qatar
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FIFA
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FIFA
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BBC
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BBC
iPlayer – World Football: 20/11/2010". BBC. 20 November 2010. Archived from the original on 8 March 2013. Retrieved 9 July 2011.  ^ Panorama, BBC
BBC
One, 29 November 2010 ^ "Panorama: Three Fifa World Cup officials took bribe", BBC
BBC
News, 29 November 2010 ^ International
International
(17 June 2011). "Fifa honourary [sic] president Joao Havelange faces IOC
IOC
inquiry". Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 9 July 2011.  ^ Dave Zirin: Abolish FIFA
FIFA
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FIFA
Officials Arrested on Corruption Charges; Blatter Isn't Among Them". The New York Times. 27 May 2015. Retrieved 19 December 2016.  ^ WPLG. "FBI searching South Florida offices linked to FIFA
FIFA
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England
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Andy Burnham
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FIFA
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Qatar
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England
World Cup bid: how did we get it so wrong?". London: Telegraph. Retrieved 22 December 2010.  ^ " BBC
BBC
News – Fifa launches investigation into vote-selling claims". BBC. 17 October 2010. Retrieved 22 December 2010.  ^ Press Association (3 December 2010). " England
England
World Cup chief: Fifa's Sepp Blatter
Sepp Blatter
spoke of 'evils of media". The Guardian. UK. Retrieved 22 December 2010.  ^ " Qatar
Qatar
denies paying World Cup bribes to Hayatou, Anouma". Afrikansoccer.com. 11 May 2011. Archived from the original on 9 September 2011. Retrieved 9 July 2011.  ^ "FFA coy on World Cup bid re-run". Sydney Morning Herald. 20 May 2011. Retrieved 9 July 2011.  ^ " FIFA
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Qatar
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2022 World Cup
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Further reading[edit]

Paul Darby, Africa, Football
Football
and Fifa: Politics, Colonialism and Resistance (Sport in the Global Society), Frank Cass Publishers 2002, ISBN 0-7146-8029-X. John Sugden, FIFA
FIFA
and the Contest For World Football, Polity Press 1998, ISBN 0-7456-1661-5. Jim Trecker, Charles Miers, J. Brett Whitesell, ed., Women's Soccer: The Game and the Fifa World Cup, Universe 2000, Revised Edition, ISBN 0-7893-0527-5.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to FIFA.

Official website (in English) (in French) (in German) (in Spanish) (in Portuguese) (in Arabic) (in Russian) (in Japanese) BBC's Panorama, Fifa's Dirty secrets, transcript Document on alleged FIFA
FIFA
corruption FIFA
FIFA
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Links to related articles

v t e

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codes

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Presidents

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Robert Guérin
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Rodolphe Seeldrayers
(1954–1955) Arthur Drewry (1955–1961) Stanley Rous
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João Havelange
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Sepp Blatter
(1998–2015) Issa Hayatou
Issa Hayatou
(2015–2016, acting) Gianni Infantino
Gianni Infantino
(2016–present)

General Secretaries

Louis Muhlinghaus (1904–1906) Wilhelm Hirschman (1906–1931) Ivo Schricker (1932–1951) Kurt Gassmann
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awards FIFA
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North America, Central America and the Caribbean

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Regional (CFU, UNCAF)

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OFC – Nations Cup

U-20 U-17

South America

CONMEBOL
CONMEBOL
– Copa América

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NF-Board – Viva World Cup CONIFA – ConIFA World Football
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Cup ConIFA European Football
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Cup IIGA – Island Games

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African Games Asian Games Central America Central America and Caribbean East Asian Games Francophonie Games Indian Ocean Island Lusophony Games Mediterranean Games Pan American Games Pan Arab Games Pacific Games South Asian Games Southeast Asian Games West Asian Games

See also Geography Codes Player/Club of the Century Women's football

v t e

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women's association football

FIFA Federations Teams Competitions World Rankings Player of the Year The Best FIFA
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Africa

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North America, Central America and the Caribbean

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South America

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Europe

UEFA Women's Championship U-19 U-17

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International
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Geography Codes Player of the Century Men's football

v t e

International
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men's club football

FIFA FIFA
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Club World Cup List of association football clubs

Africa

CAF – Champions League Confederation Cup Super Cup Top-division clubs

Asia

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Europe

UEFA
UEFA
– Champions League Europa League Super Cup Top-division clubs

North, Central America and the Caribbean

CONCACAF
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– Champions League CONCACAF
CONCACAF
League Top-division clubs

Oceania

OFC – Champions League Top-division clubs

South America

CONMEBOL
CONMEBOL
– Copa Libertadores Copa Sudamericana Recopa Sudamericana Top-division clubs

See also: International
International
women's club football

v t e

International
International
women's club football

FIFA FIFA
FIFA
Women's Club World Cup International
International
Women's Club Championship List of women's association football clubs

Asia

AFC – None

Africa

CAF – None

North, Central America and the Caribbean

CONCACAF
CONCACAF
– None

South America

CONMEBOL
CONMEBOL
Copa Libertadores
Copa Libertadores
Femenina

Oceania

OFC – None

Europe

UEFA
UEFA
– Women's Champions League

See also: International
International
men's club football

v t e

National football teams

FIFA FIFA
FIFA
World Cup FIFA
FIFA
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CONCACAF
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UEFA
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Afghanistan Australia Bahrain Bangladesh Bhutan Brunei Darussalam Cambodia China PR Chinese Taipei Guam Hong Kong India Indonesia IR Iran Iraq Japan Jordan Korea DPR Korea Republic Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Laos Macau Malaysia Maldives Mongolia Myanmar Nepal Northern Mariana Islands Oman Pakistan Palestine Philippines Qatar Saudi Arabia Singapore Sri Lanka Syria Tajikistan Thailand Timor-Leste Turkmenistan United Arab Emirates Uzbekistan Vietnam Yemen

CAF

Algeria Angola Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo Congo DR Djibouti Egypt Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Ivory Coast Kenya Lesotho Liberia Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Réunion Rwanda São Tomé and Príncipe Senegal Seychelles Sierra Leone Somalia South Africa South Sudan Sudan Swaziland Tanzania Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zanzibar Zimbabwe

CONCACAF

Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Aruba Bahamas Barbados Belize Bermuda Bonaire British Virgin Islands Canada Cayman Islands Costa Rica Cuba Curaçao Dominica Dominican Republic El Salvador French Guiana Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guyana Haiti Honduras Jamaica Martinique Mexico Montserrat Nicaragua Panama Puerto Rico Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Martin Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Sint Maarten Suriname Trinidad and Tobago Turks and Caicos Islands United States U.S. Virgin Islands

CONMEBOL

Argentina Bolivia Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Paraguay Peru Uruguay Venezuela

OFC

American Samoa Cook Islands Fiji Kiribati* New Caledonia New Zealand Niue* Palau* Papua New Guinea Samoa Solomon Islands Tahiti Tonga Tuvalu Vanuatu

UEFA

Albania Andorra Armenia Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bosnia-Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark England Estonia Faroe Islands Finland France Georgia Germany Gibraltar Greece Hungary Iceland Israel Italy Kazakhstan Kosovo Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg FYR Macedonia Malta Moldova Montenegro Netherlands Northern Ireland Norway Poland Portugal Republic of Ireland Romania Russia San Marino Scotland Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Ukraine Wales

Defunct

Czechoslovakia Saar West Germany East Germany Ireland Tanganyika North Vietnam South Vietnam North Yemen South Yemen United Arab Republic Soviet Union CIS Yugoslavia FR Yugoslavia/Serbia and Montenegro Netherlands Antilles

Teams indicated in italics are associate/full members of their respective regional bodies but not members of FIFA. See also: List of women's football teams

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AIOWF (7) Winter Olympics Federations

IBU (biathlon) IBSF (bobsleigh and skeleton) WCF (curling) IIHF (ice hockey) FIL (luge) ISU (skating sports) FIS (skiing sports)

ARISF (39) Others recognised by IOC

FAI (air sports) IFAF (american football) FIA (auto racing) FIB (bandy) WBSC (baseball and softball) FIPV (basque pelota) WCBS (billiard sports) CMSB (boules) WB (bowling) WBF (bridge) ICU (cheer) FIDE
FIDE
(chess) UIAA (mountaineering) ICC (cricket) WDSF (dance sport) FMJD (draughts) IFF (floorball) WFDF (flying disc) WKF (karate) IKF (korfball) ILSF (life saving) FIM (motorcycle sport) IFMA (muay Thai) INF (netball) IOF (orienteering) FIP (polo) UIM (powerboating) IRF (racquetball) FIRS (roller sports) ISMF (ski mountaineering) IFSC (sports climbing) WSF (squash) IFS (sumo) ISA (surfing) TWIF (tug-of-war) CMAS (underwater sports) FISU (university sports) IWWF (waterski and wakeboard) IWUF (wushu)

Others in GAISF (21)

IAF (aikido) IFBB (body building) ICSF (casting) WDF (darts) IDBF (dragon boat) IFA (fistball) IGF (go) IFI (ice stock sport) JJIF (ju-jitsu) FIK (kendo) WAKO (kickboxing) FIL (lacrosse) WMF (minigolf) IPF (powerlifting) FIAS (sambo) FISav (savate) ISTAF (sepaktakraw) ISFF (sleddog) ISTF (soft tennis) CIPS (sport fishing)

GAISF observer members (9)

WAF (arm wrestling) WDA (dodgeball) FIFG (footgolf) IUKL (kettlebell lifting) IFP (poker) IPSF (pole dance) ITSF (table football/soccer) RLIF (rugby league) IPF (padel)

Others (20)

ARI (australian rules football) IBA (bodyboarding) PBA (bowls) IFBA (broomball) WCF (croquet) IGAA (gaelic football and hurling) IKF (kabaddi) IMMAF (mixed martial arts) WMRA (mountain running) IPSC (practical shooting) IQA (quidditch) IFMAR (radio-controlled racing) IRF (rogaining) WSSF (snowshoe running) ISF (skyrunning) WSSA (sport stacking) ITPF (tent pegging) FIT (touch football) ITRA (trail running) IAU (ultra running)

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 136163632 LCCN: n50041646 ISNI: 0000 0001 2164 6271 GND: 210096-4 SUDOC: 026526921 BNF: cb118758476 (d

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