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The Führerbunker
Führerbunker
(German pronunciation: [ˈfyːrərˈbʊŋkɐ]) was an air raid shelter located near the Reich Chancellery
Reich Chancellery
in Berlin, Germany. It was part of a subterranean bunker complex constructed in two phases in 1936 and 1944. It was the last of the Führer Headquarters (Führerhauptquartiere) used by Adolf Hitler
Adolf Hitler
during World War II. Hitler
Hitler
took up residence in the Führerbunker
Führerbunker
on 16 January 1945, and it became the centre of the Nazi regime until the last week of World War II in Europe. Hitler
Hitler
married Eva Braun
Eva Braun
there during the last week of April 1945, shortly before they committed suicide. After the war, both the old and new Chancellery buildings were levelled by the Soviets. The underground complex remained largely undisturbed until 1988–89, despite some attempts at demolition. The excavated sections of the old bunker complex were mostly destroyed during reconstruction of that area of Berlin. The site remained unmarked until 2006, when a small plaque was installed with a schematic diagram. Some corridors of the bunker still exist but are sealed off from the public.

Contents

1 Construction 2 Events in 1945 3 Post-war events 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Construction[edit] The Reich Chancellery
Reich Chancellery
bunker was initially constructed as a temporary air-raid shelter for Hitler
Hitler
(who actually spent very little time in the capital during most of the war). Increased bombing of Berlin
Berlin
led to expansion of the complex as an improvised permanent shelter. The elaborate complex consisted of two separate shelters, the Vorbunker ("forward bunker"; the upper bunker), completed in 1936, and the Führerbunker, located 2.5 metres (8.2 ft) lower than the Vorbunker
Vorbunker
and to the west-southwest, completed in 1944.[2][3] They were connected by a stairway set at right angles and could be closed off from each other by a bulkhead and steel door.[4] The Vorbunker
Vorbunker
was located 1.5 metres (4.9 ft) beneath the cellar of a large reception hall behind the old Reich Chancellery
Reich Chancellery
at Wilhelmstrasse 77.[5] The Führerbunker
Führerbunker
was located about 8.5 metres (28 ft) beneath the garden of the old Reich Chancellery, 120 metres (390 ft) north of the new Reich Chancellery
Reich Chancellery
building at Voßstraße 6.[6] Besides being deeper under ground, the Führerbunker
Führerbunker
had significantly more reinforcement. Its roof was made of concrete almost 3 metres (9.8 ft) thick.[7] About 30 small rooms were protected by approximately 4 metres (13 ft) of concrete; exits led into the main buildings, as well as an emergency exit up to the garden. The Führerbunker
Führerbunker
development was built by the Hochtief
Hochtief
company as part of an extensive program of subterranean construction in Berlin
Berlin
begun in 1940.[8] Hitler's accommodations were in this newer, lower section, and by February 1945 it had been decorated with high-quality furniture taken from the Chancellery, along with several framed oil paintings.[9] After descending the stairs into the lower section and passing through the steel door, there was a long corridor with a series of rooms on each side.[10] On the right side were a series of rooms which included generator/ventilation rooms and the telephone switchboard.[10] On the left side was Eva Braun's bedroom/sitting room (also known as Hitler's private guest room), an ante-chamber (also known as Hitler's sitting room), which led into Hitler's study/office.[11][12] On the wall hung a large portrait of Frederick the Great, one of Hitler's heroes.[13] A door led into Hitler's modestly furnished bedroom.[12] Next to it was the conference/map room (also known as the briefing/situation room) which had a door that led out into the waiting room/ante-room.[11][12] The bunker complex was self-contained.[14] However, as the Führerbunker
Führerbunker
was below the water table, conditions were unpleasantly damp, with pumps running continuously to remove groundwater. A diesel generator provided electricity, and well water was pumped in as the water supply.[15] Communications systems included a telex, a telephone switchboard, and an army radio set with an outdoor antenna. As conditions deteriorated at the end of the war, Hitler
Hitler
received much of his war news from BBC
BBC
radio broadcasts and via courier.[16] Events in 1945[edit] See also: Battle of Berlin
Berlin
and Death of Adolf Hitler

Plan of the Führerbunker

Plan of the Vorbunker

Hitler
Hitler
moved into the Führerbunker
Führerbunker
on 16 January 1945, joined by his senior staff, including Martin Bormann. Eva Braun
Eva Braun
and Joseph Goebbels joined them in April, while Magda Goebbels
Magda Goebbels
and their six children took residence in the upper Vorbunker.[17] Two or three dozen support, medical, and administrative staff were also sheltered there. These included Hitler's secretaries (including Traudl Junge), a nurse named Erna Flegel, and telephone switchboard operator Sergeant Rochus Misch. Initially, Hitler
Hitler
continued to utilize the undamaged wing of the Reich Chancellery, where he held afternoon military conferences in his large study.[18] Afterwards, he would have tea with his secretaries before going back down into the bunker complex for the night. After several weeks of this routine, he seldom left the bunker except for short strolls in the chancellery garden with his dog Blondi.[18] The bunker was crowded, the atmosphere was oppressive, and air raids occurred daily.[19] Hitler
Hitler
mostly stayed on the lower level, where it was quieter and he could sleep.[20] Conferences took place for much of the night,[19] often until 05:00.[21] On 16 April, the Red Army
Red Army
started the Battle of Berlin, and they started to encircle the city by 19 April.[22] Hitler
Hitler
made his last trip to the surface on 20 April, his 56th birthday, going to the ruined garden of the Reich Chancellery
Reich Chancellery
where he awarded the Iron Cross to boy soldiers of the Hitler
Hitler
Youth.[23] That afternoon, Berlin
Berlin
was bombarded by Soviet artillery for the first time.[24] Hitler
Hitler
was in denial about the dire situation and placed his hopes on the units commanded by Waffen-SS General Felix Steiner, the Armeeabteilung Steiner ("Army Detachment Steiner"). On 21 April, Hitler
Hitler
ordered Steiner to attack the northern flank of the encircling Soviet salient and ordered the German Ninth Army, south-east of Berlin, to attack northward in a pincer attack.[25][26] That evening, Red Army
Red Army
tanks reached the outskirts of Berlin.[27] Hitler
Hitler
was told at his afternoon situation conference on 22 April that Steiner's forces had not moved, and he fell into a tearful rage when he realised that the attack was not going to be carried out. He openly declared for the first time the war was lost—and he blamed his generals. Hitler announced that he would stay in Berlin
Berlin
until the end and then shoot himself.[28] On 23 April,[a] Hitler
Hitler
appointed General of the Artillery Helmuth Weidling, commander of the LVI Panzer Corps, as the commander of the Berlin
Berlin
Defense Area, replacing Lieutenant-Colonel (Oberstleutnant) Ernst Kaether.[29] The Red Army
Red Army
had consolidated their investment of Berlin
Berlin
by 25 April, despite the commands being issued from the Führerbunker. There was no prospect that the German defence could do anything, but delay the city's capture.[30] Hitler
Hitler
summoned Field Marshal Robert Ritter von Greim
Robert Ritter von Greim
from Munich
Munich
to Berlin
Berlin
to take over command of the Luftwaffe from Hermann Göring, and he arrived on 26 April along with his mistress and crack test pilot Hanna Reitsch.[31] On 28 April, Hitler
Hitler
learned that Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler
Heinrich Himmler
was trying to discuss surrender terms with the Western Allies through Count Folke Bernadotte,[32] and Hitler
Hitler
considered this treason.[33] Enraged, he ordered Himmler's arrest and had Hermann Fegelein
Hermann Fegelein
shot, who was Himmler's SS representative at Hitler's HQ in Berlin.[34][31] On the same day, General Hans Krebs made his last telephone call from the Führerbunker
Führerbunker
to Field Marshal
Field Marshal
Wilhelm Keitel, Chief of German Armed Forces High Command (OKW) in Fürstenberg. Krebs told him that all would be lost if relief did not arrive within 48 hours. Keitel promised to exert the utmost pressure on Generals Walther Wenck, commander of the Twelfth Army, and Theodor Busse, commander of the Ninth Army. Meanwhile, Hitler's private secretary Martin Bormann
Martin Bormann
wired to German Admiral Karl Dönitz: " Reich Chancellery
Reich Chancellery
a heap of rubble."[31] He said that the foreign press was reporting fresh acts of treason and "that without exception Schörner, Wenck and the others must give evidence of their loyalty by the quickest relief of the Führer".[35] That evening, von Greim and Reitsch flew out from Berlin
Berlin
in an Arado Ar 96 trainer. Field Marshal
Field Marshal
von Greim was ordered to get the Luftwaffe to attack the Soviet forces that had just reached Potsdamerplatz, only a city block from the Führerbunker.[b][36][37] During the night of 28 April, General Wenck reported to Keitel that his Twelfth Army had been forced back along the entire front and it was no longer possible for his army to relieve Berlin.[38] Keitel gave Wenck permission to break off the attempt.[35] Hitler
Hitler
married Eva Braun
Eva Braun
after midnight on 28–29 April in a small civil ceremony within the Führerbunker. He then took secretary Traudl Junge to another room and dictated his last will and testament.[39][c] Hans Krebs, Wilhelm Burgdorf, Goebbels, and Bormann witnessed and signed the documents at approximately 04:00.[39] Hitler
Hitler
then retired to bed.[40] Late in the evening of 29 April, Krebs contacted Jodl by radio: "Request immediate report. Firstly of the whereabouts of Wenck's spearheads. Secondly of time intended to attack. Thirdly of the location of the Ninth Army. Fourthly of the precise place in which the Ninth Army will break through. Fifthly of the whereabouts of General Rudolf Holste's spearhead."[38] In the early morning of 30 April, Jodl replied to Krebs: "Firstly, Wenck's spearhead bogged down south of Schwielow Lake. Secondly, Twelfth Army therefore unable to continue attack on Berlin. Thirdly, bulk of Ninth Army surrounded. Fourthly, Holste's Corps on the defensive."[38][41][42][d] SS- Brigadeführer
Brigadeführer
Wilhelm Mohnke, commander of the centre government district of Berlin, informed Hitler
Hitler
during the morning of 30 April that he would be able to hold for less than two days. Later that morning, Weidling informed Hitler
Hitler
that the defenders would probably exhaust their ammunition that night and again asked him for permission to break out. Weidling finally received permission at about 13:00.[43] Hitler
Hitler
shot himself in the Führerbunker
Führerbunker
that afternoon, and Braun took cyanide.[44][45] In accordance with Hitler's instructions, the bodies were burned in the garden behind the Reich Chancellery.[46] Goebbels became the new Head of Government
Head of Government
and Chancellor of Germany (Reichskanzler) in accordance with Hitler's last will and testament. Reichskanzler
Reichskanzler
Goebbels and Bormann sent a radio message to Dönitz at 03:15, informing him of Hitler's death, and Dönitz was appointed as the new President of Germany
Germany
(Reichspräsident) in accordance with Hitler's last wishes.[47] Krebs talked to General Vasily Chuikov, commander of the Soviet 8th Guards Army, at about 04:00 on 1 May,[e] and Chuikov demanded unconditional surrender of the remaining German forces. Krebs did not have the authority to surrender, so he returned to the bunker.[48] In the late afternoon, Goebbels had his children poisoned, and he and his wife left the bunker at around 20:30.[49] There are several different accounts on what followed. According to one account, Goebbels shot his wife and then himself. Another account was that they each bit on a cyanide ampule and were given a coup de grâce immediately afterwards.[50] Goebbels' SS adjutant Günther Schwägermann testified in 1948 that the couple walked ahead of him up the stairs and out to the Chancellery garden. He waited in the stairwell and heard the shots, then walked up the remaining stairs and saw the lifeless bodies of the couple outside. He then followed Joseph Goebbels' order and had an SS soldier fire several shots into Goebbels' body, which did not move.[49] The bodies were then doused with petrol and set alight, but the remains were only partially burned and not buried.[50] Weidling had given the order for the survivors to break out to the northwest, and the plan got underway at around 23:00. The first group from the Reich Chancellery
Reich Chancellery
was led by Mohnke; they tried unsuccessfully to break through the Soviet rings and were captured the next day. Mohnke was interrogated by SMERSH, like others who were captured from the Führerbunker. The third breakout attempt from the Reich Chancellery
Reich Chancellery
was made around 01:00 on 2 May, and Bormann managed to cross the Spree. Arthur Axmann
Arthur Axmann
followed the same route and reported seeing Bormann's body a short distance from the Weidendammer bridge.[51][f] At 01:00, the Soviet forces picked up a radio message from the LVI Panzer Corps requesting a cease-fire. Down in the Führerbunker, General Krebs and General Burgdorf committed suicide by gunshot to the head.[52] The last defenders in the area of the bunker complex were French SS volunteers of the 33rd Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS Charlemagne (1st French), and they remained until the early morning.[53] The Soviet forces then captured the Reich Chancellery.[54] General Weidling surrendered with his staff at 6:00, and his meeting with Chuikov ended at 8:23.[38] Johannes Hentschel, the master electro-mechanic for the bunker complex, stayed after everyone else had either left or committed suicide, as the field hospital in the Reich Chancellery
Reich Chancellery
above needed power and water. He surrendered to the Red Army
Red Army
as they entered the bunker complex at 09:00 on 2 May.[55] The bodies of Goebbels' six children were discovered on 3 May. They were found in their beds in the Vorbunker with the clear mark of cyanide shown on their faces.[56] Post-war events[edit] The ruins of both Chancellery buildings were levelled by the Soviets between 1945 and 1949 as part of an effort to destroy the landmarks of Nazi Germany. The bunker largely survived, although some areas were partially flooded. In December 1947, the Soviets tried to blow up the bunker, but only the separation walls were damaged. In 1959, the East German government began a series of demolitions of the Chancellery, including the bunker.[57] Because it was near the Berlin
Berlin
Wall, the site was undeveloped and neglected until 1988–89.[58] During extensive construction of residential housing and other buildings on the site, work crews uncovered several underground sections of the old bunker complex; for the most part these were destroyed. Other parts of the Chancellery underground complex were uncovered, but these were ignored, filled in, or resealed.[59] Government authorities wanted to destroy the last vestiges of these Nazi landmarks.[60] The construction of the buildings in the area around the Führerbunker
Führerbunker
was a strategy for ensuring the surroundings remained anonymous and unremarkable.[61] The emergency exit point for the Führerbunker
Führerbunker
(which had been in the Chancellery gardens) was occupied by a car park.[62] On 8 June 2006, during the lead-up to the 2006 FIFA World Cup, an information board was installed to mark the location of the Führerbunker. The board, including a schematic diagram of the bunker, can be found at the corner of In den Ministergärten and Gertrud-Kolmar-Straße, two small streets about three minutes' walk from Potsdamer Platz. Hitler's bodyguard, Rochus Misch, one of the last people living who was in the bunker at the time of Hitler's suicide, was on hand for the ceremony.[63]

Ruins of the bunker after demolition in 1947

Site of Führerbunker
Führerbunker
and information board in April 2007

A side angle view of the site in July 2007

See also[edit]

Berghof The Bunker
Bunker
– 1970 book The Bunker
Bunker
– 1981 film Downfall – 2004 film Nazi architecture Matsushiro Underground Imperial Headquarters Wolf's Lair Stalin's bunker

References[edit] Informational notes

^ Beevor 2002, p. 286 states the appointment was 23 April; Hamilton 2008, p. 160 states "officially" it was the morning of 24 April; Dollinger 1997, p. 228, gives 26 April for the appointment. ^ The Luftwaffe order differs in different sources. Beevor 2002, p. 342 states it was to attack Potsdamerplatz, but Ziemke states it was to support Wenck's Twelfth Army attack. Both agree that von Greim was also ordered to make sure Himmler was punished. ^ " MI5
MI5
staff 2005: Hitler's will and marriage" on the website of MI5, using the sources available to Hugh Trevor-Roper
Hugh Trevor-Roper
(a World War II
World War II
MI5 agent and historian/author of The Last Days of Hitler), records the marriage as taking place after Hitler
Hitler
had dictated his last will and testament. ^ Dollinger 1997, p. 239, says Jodl replied, but Ziemke 1969, p. 120, and Beevor 2002, p. 537, say it was Keitel. ^ Dollinger 1997, p. 239, states 03:00, and Beevor 2002, p. 367, 04:00, for Krebs' meeting with Chuikov. ^ Ziemke 1969, p. 126 says that Weidling gave no orders for a break-out.

Citations

^ Arnold 2012. ^ Lehrer 2006, pp. 117, 119, 123. ^ Kellerhoff 2004, p. 56. ^ Mollo 1988, p. 28. ^ Lehrer 2006, p. 117. ^ Lehrer 2006, p. 123. ^ McNab 2014, pp. 21, 28. ^ Lehrer 2006, pp. 117, 119, 121–123. ^ Kershaw 2008, p. 97. ^ a b McNab 2014, p. 28. ^ a b McNab 2011, p. 109. ^ a b c McNab 2014, p. 29. ^ Kershaw 2008, pp. 97, 901–902. ^ Kershaw 2008, p. 901. ^ Lehrer 2006, pp. 124–125. ^ Taylor 2007, p. 184. ^ Beevor 2002, p. 278. ^ a b Kershaw 2008, p. 902. ^ a b Bullock 1999, p. 785. ^ Speer 1971, p. 597. ^ Kershaw 2008, p. 903. ^ Beevor 2002, pp. 217–233. ^ Beevor 2002, p. 251. ^ Beevor 2002, p. 255. ^ Beevor 2002, pp. 267–268. ^ Ziemke 1969, pp. 87–88. ^ Beevor 2002, pp. 255, 256. ^ Beevor 2002, p. 275. ^ Kershaw 2008, p. 934. ^ Ziemke 1969, p. 111. ^ a b c Dollinger 1997, p. 228. ^ Kershaw 2008, pp. 923–925, 943. ^ Kershaw 2008, pp. 943–946. ^ Kershaw 2008, p. 946. ^ a b Ziemke 1969, p. 119. ^ Beevor 2002, p. 342. ^ Ziemke 1969, p. 118. ^ a b c d Dollinger 1997, p. 239. ^ a b Beevor 2002, p. 343. ^ Kershaw 2008, p. 950. ^ Ziemke 1969, p. 120. ^ Beevor 2002, p. 357, last paragraph. ^ Beevor 2002, p. 358. ^ Joachimsthaler 1999, pp. 160–182. ^ Linge 2009, p. 199. ^ Kershaw 2008, pp. 956–957. ^ Williams 2005, pp. 324, 325. ^ Shirer 1960, pp. 1135–1137. ^ a b Joachimsthaler 1999, p. 52. ^ a b Beevor 2002, p. 381. ^ Beevor 2002, pp. 383, 389. ^ Beevor 2002, p. 387. ^ Weale 2012, p. 407. ^ Beevor 2002, pp. 387, 388. ^ Joachimsthaler 1999, p. 287. ^ Beevor 2002, p. 398. ^ Mollo 1988, pp. 48, 49. ^ Mollo 1988, pp. 49, 50. ^ Mollo 1988, pp. 46, 48, 50–53. ^ McNab 2014, p. 21. ^ Kellerhoff 2004, pp. 27, 28. ^ Kellerhoff 2004, p. 27. ^ Der Spiegel 2006.

Bibliography

Arnold, Dietmar (9 January 2012) [8 June 2010]. "Berliner Unterwelten e.V.: The Legend of Hitler's Bunker". Berliner-unterwelten.de. Archived from the original on 18 May 2011. Retrieved 11 June 2011.  Beevor, Antony (2002). Berlin: The Downfall 1945. London: Viking–Penguin Books. ISBN 978-0-670-03041-5.  Bullock, Alan (1999) [1952]. Hitler: A Study in Tyranny. New York: Konecky & Konecky. ISBN 978-1-56852-036-0.  Dollinger, Hans (1997). Decline and the Fall of Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
and Imperial Japan. London: Chancellor. ISBN 978-0-7537-0009-9.  Hamilton, Stephan (2008). Bloody Streets: The Soviet Assault on Berlin, April 1945. Solihull: Helion & Co. ISBN 978-1-906033-12-5.  Joachimsthaler, Anton (1999) [1995]. The Last Days of Hitler: The Legends – The Evidence – The Truth. London: Brockhampton Press. ISBN 978-1-86019-902-8.  Kellerhoff, Sven (2004). The Führer
Führer
Bunker. Berlin: Berlin
Berlin
Story Verlag. ISBN 978-3-929829-23-5.  Kershaw, Ian (2008). Hitler: A Biography. New York: W.W. Norton & Co. ISBN 978-0-393-06757-6.  Lehrer, Steven (2006). The Reich Chancellery
Reich Chancellery
and Führerbunker Complex. An Illustrated History of the Seat of the Nazi Regime. Jefferson, NC: McFarland. ISBN 978-0-7864-2393-4.  Linge, Heinz (2009). With Hitler
Hitler
to the End. London; New York: Frontline Books–Skyhorse Publishing. ISBN 978-1-60239-804-7.  McNab, Chris (2011). Hitler's Masterplan: The Essential Facts and Figures for Hitler's Third Reich. Amber Books Ltd. ISBN 978-1907446962.  McNab, Chris (2014). Hitler's Fortresses: German Fortifications and Defences 1939–45. Oxford; New York: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-78200-828-6.  Mollo, Andrew (1988). Ramsey, Winston, ed. "The Berlin
Berlin
Führerbunker: The Thirteenth Hole". After the Battle. London: Battle of Britain International (61).  MI5
MI5
staff (2005). "Hitler's last days". mi5.gov.uk. MI5. Retrieved 12 June 2011.  Shirer, William L. (1960). The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-671-62420-0.  Speer, Albert (1971) [1969]. Inside the Third Reich. New York: Avon. ISBN 978-0-380-00071-5.  Staff (9 June 2006). "Debunking Hitler: Marking the Site of the Führer's Bunker". Spiegel Online. Spiegel-Verlag. Retrieved 7 April 2014.  Taylor, Blaine (2007). Hitler's Headquarters: From Beer Hall to Bunker, 1920–1945. Dulles, Virginia: Potomac. ISBN 978-1-57488-928-4.  Weale, Adrian (2012). Army of Evil: A History of the SS. New York: Caliber Printing. ISBN 978-0-451-23791-0.  Williams, Andrew (2005). D-Day to Berlin. Hodder. ISBN 978-0-340-83397-1.  Ziemke, Earl F. (1969). Battle For Berlin: End Of The Third Reich. London: MacDonald. OCLC 253711605. 

Further reading

Boldt, Gerhard (1973). Hitler: The Last Ten Days. New York: Coward, McCann & Geoghegan. ISBN 978-0-698-10531-7.  C.I.U. General Staff, Geographical Section (1990). Ramsey, Winston G., ed. Berlin: Allied Intelligence Map of Key Buildings. After the Battle – Battle of Britain International. ISBN 978-1-870067-33-1.  Fest, Joachim (2005). Inside Hitler's Bunker: The Last Days of the Third Reich. New York: Picador. ISBN 978-0-374-13577-5.  Junge, Traudl (2004). Müller, Melissa, ed. Until the Final Hour: Hitler's Last Secretary. New York: Arcade Publishing. ISBN 978-1-55970-728-2.  Neubauer, Christoph (2010). Stadtführer durch Hitlers Berlin
Berlin
(in German and English). Frankfurt on the Oder: Flashback Medienverlag. ISBN 978-3-9813977-0-3.  O'Donnell, James P. (2001) [1978]. The Bunker. New York: Da Capo Press. ISBN 978-0-306-80958-3.  Petrova, Ada; Watson, Peter (1995). The Death of Hitler: The Full Story with New Evidence from Secret Russian Archives. New York: Norton. ISBN 978-0-393-03914-6.  Ryan, Cornelius (1966). The Last Battle. New York: Simon and Schuster.  Tissier, Tony Le (1999). Race for the Reichstag: The 1945 Battle for Berlin. London; Portland, OR: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-7146-4929-0.  Trevor-Roper, Hugh (1992) [1947]. The Last Days of Hitler
Hitler
(paperback ed.). University of Chicago Press. ISBN 978-0-226-81224-3. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Führerbunker.

Shuger, Scott; Berger, Donald (21 June 2006). " Hitler
Hitler
Slept Here: The too-secret history of the Third Reich's most famous place". Slate Magazine.  Bunkermuzeum – English version: Guide to military museums of Europe 3D-stereoscopic images of Chancellery

v t e

Final occupants of the Führerbunker
Führerbunker
by date of departure (1945)

20 April

Hermann Göring Heinrich Himmler

21 April

Robert Ley Karl-Jesko von Puttkamer

22 April

Karl Gebhardt Christa Schroeder Johanna Wolf Eckhard Christian

23 April

Albert Bormann Theodor Morell Hugo Blaschke Joachim von Ribbentrop Albert Speer Julius Schaub

24 April

Walter Frentz

28 April

Robert Ritter von Greim Hanna Reitsch

29 April

Bernd Freytag von Loringhoven Gerhard Boldt Rudolf Weiss Wilhelm Zander Heinz Lorenz Willy Johannmeyer Walter Wagner

30 April

Nicolaus von Below

1 May

Wilhelm Mohnke Traudl Junge Gerda Christian Constanze Manziarly Else Krüger Otto Günsche Walther Hewel Ernst-Günther Schenck Hans-Erich Voss Johann Rattenhuber Peter Högl Werner Naumann Martin Bormann Hans Baur Ludwig Stumpfegger Artur Axmann Georg Betz Heinz Linge Erich Kempka Heinrich Doose Günther Schwägermann Ewald Lindloff Hans Reisser Armin D. Lehmann Josef Ochs Heinz Krüger Werner Schwiedel Gerhard Schach Hans Fritzsche

2 May

Helmuth Weidling Hans Refior Theodor von Dufving Siegfried Knappe Rochus Misch

Still present on 2 May

Werner Haase Erna Flegel Helmut Kunz Fritz Tornow Liselotte Chervinska Johannes Hentschel

Committed suicide

Ernst-Robert Grawitz Adolf Hitler Eva Hitler
Hitler
(Eva Braun) Joseph Goebbels Magda Goebbels Alwin-Broder Albrecht Wilhelm Burgdorf Hans Krebs Franz Schädle

Executed

Hermann Fegelein

Killed

Blondi
Blondi
(Hitler's dog) Goebbels children

Unknown

Heinrich Müller

v t e

Adolf Hitler

Politics

Führer Political views Political directives Speeches Mein Kampf Zweites Buch Last will and testament Books Nazism

Events

Military career Rise to power Hitler
Hitler
Cabinet Nazi Germany World War II The Holocaust Assassination attempts Death

Places of residence

Führer
Führer
Headquarters

Berghof (Kehlsteinhaus) Reich Chancellery Wolf's Lair Werwolf Adlerhorst Special
Special
train (Führersonderzug) Führerbunker Wolfsschlucht I Wolfsschlucht II Anlage Süd Felsennest

Civilian residences

Braunau am Inn Linz Vienna
Vienna
(Meldemannstraße dormitory) Munich
Munich
(16 Prinzregentenplatz)

Personal life

Health Wealth and income Religious views Sexuality Vegetarianism Staff Bodyguard August Kubizek Stefanie Rabatsch Psychopathography Hitler's Table Talk Paintings 50th birthday

Personal belongings

Hitler's Globe Personal standard Private library

Perceptions

Books In popular culture The Victory of Faith Triumph of the Will Hitler: The Last Ten Days The Meaning of Hitler Hitler
Hitler
"Diaries" Moloch Hitler: The Rise of Evil Downfall

Family

Eva Braun
Eva Braun
(wife) Alois Hitler
Hitler
(father) Klara Hitler
Hitler
(mother) Johann Georg Hiedler (grandfather) Maria Schicklgruber (grandmother) Angela Hitler
Hitler
(half-sister) Paula Hitler
Hitler
(sister) Leo Rudolf Raubal Jr. (half-nephew) Geli Raubal
Geli Raubal
(half-niece) William Patrick Stuart-Houston (half-nephew) Heinz Hitler
Hitler
(half-nephew) Pets: Blondi
Blondi
(dog)

Other

Hitler's possible monorchism Conspiracy theories about Hitler's death Streets named after Hitler Mannerheim recordi

.