Félix Antoine Philibert Dupanloup (3 January 1802 – 11
October 1878) was a French ecclesiastic.
3.1 Works in English translation
3.2 Selected articles
5 Further reading
Dupanloup was born at Saint-Félix, in Haute-Savoie, an illegitimate
son of Camillo Borghese. In his earliest years he was confided to the
care of his brother, a priest in the diocese of Chambéry. In 1810 he
was sent to a pensionnat ecclésiastique at Paris. Thence he went to
the seminary of St Nicolas de Chardonnel in 1813, and was transferred
to the seminary of St Sulpice at Paris in 1820. In 1825 he was
ordained priest, and was appointed vicar of the Madeleine at Paris.
For a time he was tutor to the
Orléans princes. He became the founder
of the celebrated academy at St Hyacinthe, and received a letter from
Gregory XVI lauding his work there, and calling him Apostolus
He was elected to the
Académie française in 1854, occupying the
thirty-eighth chair, becoming leader of the Academy’s "religious
party", in which capacity he opposed the election of agnostic
intellectuals. Dupanloup resigned in 1875 after Émile Littré, an
agnostic, was elected to the Academy.
His imposing height, his noble features, his brilliant eloquence, as
well as his renown for zeal and charity, made him a prominent feature
in French life for many years. Crowds of persons attended his
addresses, on whom his energy, command of language, powerful voice and
impassioned gestures made a profound impression. When made bishop of
Orléans in 1849, he pronounced a fervid panegyric on Joan of Arc,
which attracted attention in England as well as France. Joan of Arc
was later canonized, due partly to Dupanloup's efforts. Before this,
he had been sent by Archbishop Aifre to Rome, and had been appointed
Roman prelate and protonotary apostolic.
For thirty years he remained a notable figure in France, doing his
utmost to arouse his countrymen from religious indifference. He was a
distinguished educationist who fought for the retention of the Latin
classics in the schools and instituted the celebrated catechetical
method of St Sulpice. Among his publications are De l'Éducation
(1850), De la Haute Éducation Intellectuelle (3 vols., 1866), Œuvres
Choisies (1861, 4 vols.); Histoire de Jésus (1872), a counterblast to
Renan's Vie de Jésus.
In ecclesiastical policy his views were moderate. Both before and
during the First Vatican Council, he opposed the definition of the
dogma of papal infallibility as inopportune, but after the
definition was among the first to accept the dogma.
Dupanloup died on 11 October 1878 at the château of La
In the work known as Illustrissimi, a collection of letters written by
Pope John Paul I
Pope John Paul I when he was Patriarch of Venice, Dupanloup is one of
the "recipients" of the letters. There are 40 letters in all, mainly
to people in Italian history and fiction, but also to internationally
well known fictional and historical characters such as Pinocchio,
Charles Dickens, Hippocrates, and Jesus. Each of the letters tend to
be droll and witty, but cleverly turned into a short sermon in order
to make a point, whether it is on fashion, pornography, capitalism, or
the communications industry.
In his book My Life and Loves, volume III, chapter 15, Frank Harris
tells of an anecdote he told Prince Edward, The Prince of Wales, about
the bishop: "There is a story told," I said, "of Monseigneur
Dupanloup, Bishop of Orleans, who was supposed to be one of the
wittiest men of his time. He was at dinner once with a lady who made a
peculiar little noise and then proceeded to shuffle with her feet on
the parquet so as to cover the indiscretion with similar sounds. 'Oh,
Madame,' said the witty Bishop, 'please don't trouble to find a rhyme;
it is not important.'" The Prince laughed but did not prize the witty
word at its real worth.
Mgr. Dupanloup's mausoleum in the
Orléans Cathedral, by Henri Chapu,
(1845). De la Pacification Religieuse. Lecoffre et Cie.
(1860). La Souveraineté Pontificale selon le Droit Catholique et le
Droit Européen. J. Lecoffre et Cie.
(1860). Réponse de Mgr l'Évêque d'
Orléans à M. le Baron
Molroguier. Paris: Charles Douniol.
(1861). Défense de la Liberté de l'Église. R. Ruffet.
(1865). La Convention du 8 Décembre. Suivie d'une Lettre au Journal
des Débats. Paris: Charles Douniol.
(1866). L'Athéisme et le Péril Social. Paris: Charles Douniol et
(1866). Entretiens sur la Prédication Populaire. Paris: Charles
(1866). De la Haute Éducation Intellectuelle. Paris: Charles Douniol.
(1867). Louis XVII, sa Vie, son Agonie, sa Mort: captivité de la
famille royale au Temple. H. Plon.
(1869). L' Enfant. Paris: Charles Douniol.
(1869). La Femme Studieuse. Paris: Charles Douniol.
(1872). De l'Éducation. Paris: Charles Douniol et Cie. [3 tomes].
De l'Éducation en Général.
De l'Autorité et du respect dans l'Éducation.
Les Hommes d'Éducation.
(1875). Étude sur la Franc-maçonnerie. Paris: Charles Douniol.
(1878). Premières Lettres a Messieurs les Membres du Conseil
Municipal de Paris sur le Centenaire de Voltaire. Paris: Société
(1879). Lettres sur l'Éducation des Filles et sur les Études qui
Convienment aux Femmes dans le Monde. Paris: Charles Douniol.
(1920). Le Mariage Chrétien. Paris: P. Téqui.
Works in English translation
(1860). The Papal Sovereignty. London: Catholic Publishing and
(1869). Studious Women. Boston: Patrick Donahoe.
(1869). Joan of Arc. London: Burns and Oates.
(1875). The Child. Boston: Thomas B. Noonan & Co.
(1875). A Study of Freemasonry. London: Burns and Oates (American
edition: Newark, N.J.: J.J. O'Connor & Co, 1876).
(1890). The Ministry of Catechising. London: Griffith Farran & Co.
(1891). The Ministry of Preaching. London: Griffith Farran, Okeden
(1867). "Learned Women and Studious Women," Part II, The Catholic
World, Vol. VI, pp. 24–43, 209–226.
^ "Félix Dupanloup, Bishop of Orléans," The Catholic World, Vol.
XXVIII, No. 166, January 1879.
Mgr. Dupanloup," The Living Age, Vol. LX, No. 2258, 1887, pp. 3-13.
^ a b c One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates
text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh,
ed. (1911). "Dupanloup, Félix Antoine Philibert". Encyclopædia
Britannica. 8 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
^ King, Edward (1876). "Monseigneur Dupanloup," in French Political
Leaders. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, p. 128.
^ Parsons, Reuben (1886). "Dupanloup," in Studies in Church History.
New York: Fr. Pustet & Co., p. 354.
^ "The Roman Question," The Rambler 4, November 1860, pp. 1-27.
^ Sparrow Simpson, W.J. (1909). Roman Catholic Opposition to Papal
Infallibility. London: John Murray.
^ Cross, Robert D. (1958). "Catholicism and Culture in
Nineteenth-Century Europe", in The Emergence of Liberal Catholicism in
America. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Harrigan, Patrick J. (1973). "French Catholics and Classical Education
after the Falloux Law," French Historical Studies, Vol. 8, No. 2,
Huckaby, John K. (1965). "Roman Catholic Reaction to the Falloux Law,"
French Historical Studies, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 203–213.
May, Anita Rasi (1963). "The Falloux Law, the Catholic Press, and the
Bishops: Crisis of Authority in the French Church," French Historical
Studies, Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 77–94.
O'Connell, Marvin R. (1984). "Ultramontanism and Dupanloup: The
Compromise of 1865," Church History, Vol. 53, No. 2,
O'Connor, R.F. (1879). "Monseigneur Dupanloup," Part II, Part III, The
Monitor 1, pp. 25–39, 104-121, 230-240.
Pressensé, Edmond de (1880). "Dupanloup, Bishop of Orleans." In:
Contemporary Portraits. New York: A. D. F. Randolph.
Vaugham, John S. (1886). "Olier and Dupanloup," The Dublin Review,
Vol. 98, pp. 22–40.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Félix Dupanloup.
Lagrange, François (1885). Life of Monseigneur Dupanloup: Bishop of
Orleans. London: Chapman & Hall.
Mirecourt, Eugène de (1867). "Dupanloup (Monseigneur)." In: Portraits
et Silhouettes au XIXe Siècle. Paris: E. Dentu.
Nielsen, Fredrik (1906). The History of the Papacy in the XIXth
Century. London: John Murray.
Peletier, Victor (1876). Monseigneur Dupanloup. Paris: Haton
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the
public domain: Sollier, J.F. (1913). "Antoine-Philibert
Dupanloup". In Herbermann, Charles. Catholic Encyclopedia. New York:
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