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Ezhou
Ezhou
(Chinese: 鄂州; pinyin: Èzhōu) is a prefecture-level city in eastern Hubei
Hubei
Province, China. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 1,048,668, of which 668,727 lived in the core Echeng District. The Ezhou
Ezhou
- Huanggang
Huanggang
built-up (or metro) area was home to 1,035,496 inhabitants from the Echeng
Echeng
and Huangzhou, Huanggang Districts.

Contents

1 Geography 2 History 3 Administration 4 Economy 5 Transportation 6 Tourism 7 References 8 External links

Geography[edit] Ezhou
Ezhou
lies on the southern bank of the Yangtze River
Yangtze River
east of the southern section of Wuchang, across the river from the city of Huanggang, to which it is connected by the Ehuang Bridge. Sandwiched between the cities of Wuhan
Wuhan
and Huangshi, Ezhou
Ezhou
has a relatively small area of 1,504 square kilometres (581 sq mi).[2] There are many lakes in Ezhou, including the Liangzi Lake in Liangzihu District and Yanglan Lake, along with more than 133 lakes and pools. The city is the origin of Wuchang Bream
Wuchang Bream
and as a result is nicknamed "City of one hundred lakes" and "The land of fish and rice".[citation needed] History[edit]

A 1915 map showing a small section of Wuchang (today's Ezhou), across the river from Hwang-Chow (Huangzhou), the modern central urban area of Huanggang, along with a much larger area further west (adjacent to Hanyang and Hankou)

The name "Ezhou" dates to the Han Dynasty
Han Dynasty
(206 BCE – 220 CE) and derives from the nearby ancient Zhou Dynasty (1046–256 BCE) vassal State of E. Although the administrative seat of the city changed several times, the name remained unchanged until the Three Kingdoms
Three Kingdoms
era (220−280) at which time it became the capital of the state of Eastern Wu
Eastern Wu
ruled by Sun Quan
Sun Quan
and was renamed "Wuchang". This name remained in use as late as 1915, which proved confusing to travellers as it was also applied to the much larger city of Wuchang, itself shortly to become part of Wuhan.[3] Throughout China's history Ezhou
Ezhou
has remained an important city politically, economically, and militarily with its strategic position along the middle part of the Yangtze
Yangtze
River. It is also an important location in the history of the Pure Land Sect of Buddhism.[citation needed] Administration[edit] Ezhou
Ezhou
has three districts:[4][5]

# Name Chinese (S)

Districts

1 Echeng
Echeng
District 鄂城区 (the central urban area)

2 Huarong District 华容区

3 Liangzihu District
Liangzihu District
Liangzi Lake 梁子湖区

Map

Echeng Xishui Jiangxia Hongshan Xinzhou Huarong Tuanfeng Daye (city) Tieshan Huangzhou Liangzihu Huangshigang Xialu

Economy[edit]

Ezhou
Ezhou
television company tower

Ezhou
Ezhou
has six ports on the Yangtze
Yangtze
including one than can handle up to 10,000-tonne (9,800-long-ton; 11,000-short-ton) vessels. Many important rail lines and national highways cross the area. This infrastructure make it a major logistics and distribution center. Important industries include metallurgy, construction materials, textiles, chemicals, and machinery.[citation needed] Transportation[edit]

Ezhou
Ezhou
Traffic Police Office

Ezhou
Ezhou
is served by the E-Huang Expressway, China
China
National Highways 106 and 316, the Wuhan–Jiujiang Railway
Wuhan–Jiujiang Railway
and the Wuhan- Huangshi
Huangshi
Line of the Wuhan
Wuhan
Metropolitan Area Intercity Railway. Ezhou
Ezhou
has two bridges over the Yangtze.[citation needed] The Ezhou
Ezhou
Railway Station (鄂州站, 30°21′48″N 114°51′38″E / 30.363343°N 114.860499°E / 30.363343; 114.860499), located southwest of downtown, has an interesting layout, somewhat similar to that of the Secaucus Junction
Secaucus Junction
in New Jersey. Until 2014, there was just one rail line there: the north-south Wuhan– Jiujiang
Jiujiang
Railway, which is served by a large number of trains traveling from Wuhan
Wuhan
to Nanchang
Nanchang
and points further east and south (Fujian, Zhejiang, etc.). Until 2013, there were no commuter trains in per se in Hubei, but it took only about one hour (usually, with a stop at Huarong) to reach one of Wuhan's train stations (such as Wuchang Railway Station) train station from Ezhou
Ezhou
using any of those trains. The distance from the Ezhou
Ezhou
station to Wuchang by rail is 82 kilometres (51 mi).[6] In 2014, the Wuhan- Huangshi
Huangshi
Line of the Wuhan
Wuhan
Metropolitan Area Intercity Railway, the region's new commuter line system, was opened. This line, which runs east-west in the area, has crossed the Wuhan–Jiujiang Railway
Wuhan–Jiujiang Railway
tracks at the right angle just south of the previously existing Ezhou
Ezhou
station. To accommodate the new line, the Ezhou
Ezhou
Station was expanded in 2013-2014, with platforms constructed on the new commuter line, providing a possibility for an easy transfer between the two lines. This is said to be the first station in China
China
with this layout.[7] The trains on the commuter line travel to the Wuhan
Wuhan
Railway Station (56 km, 30-40 min from Ezhou). The commuter line has one more station in Ezhou, farther to the east. It is Ezhou
Ezhou
East (64 km from the Wuhan
Wuhan
Railway Station). Tourism[edit]

Top Tourist City of China
China
Ezhou
Ezhou
Statue

Ezhou
Ezhou
has several tourism sites, including the West Hill (which is in the center of the city), and the nearby Lotus Hill.[citation needed] There are also three lakes, Liangzi Lake, Yanglan Lake (洋澜湖) and Honglian. References[edit]

^ http://www.citypopulation.de/php/china-hubei-admin.php ^ Location of Ezhou
Ezhou
鄂州地理位置 (in Chinese) ^ "鄂州历史纪要". 新华网. Retrieved 30 September 2007.  ^ "鄂州市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要 数据公报" (in Simplified Chinese). 鄂州日报社. 18 May 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2018. 六、人口的分布 全市常住人口地区分布如下:地 区 人口数(人)全市合计 1048672 鄂城区 303315 华容区 172599 梁子湖区 142608 葛店开发区(含葛店镇) 64734 鄂州开发区 31013 凤凰办 138032 古楼办 127600 西山办 68771 CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link) ^ "鄂州市历史沿革 [The Historical Development of Ezhou
Ezhou
City]" (in Simplified Chinese). 行政区划网站 [Administrative Divisions Website]. 7 December 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2018. 辖鄂城、华容、梁子湖3个市辖区, CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link) ^ Ezhou
Ezhou
(鄂州) schedule search at tielu.org ^ 武黄城铁预计5月开通 武汉到黄石仅30分钟票价35元 (The Wuhan- Huangshi
Huangshi
Intercity Line expected to open in May. Wuhan
Wuhan
to Huangshi
Huangshi
in 30 minutes; 35 yuan fare), 2014-04-27

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ezhou.

Official Website

v t e

County-level divisions of Hubei
Hubei
Province

Wuhan
Wuhan
(capital)

Sub-provincial city

Wuhan

Jiang'an District Jianghan District Qiaokou District Hanyang District Wuchang District Qingshan District Hongshan District Dongxihu District Hannan District Caidian District Jiangxia District Huangpi District Xinzhou District

Prefecture-level cities

Huangshi

Huangshigang District Xisaishan District Xialu District Tieshan District Daye
Daye
City Yangxin County

Shiyan

Zhangwan District Maojian District Yunyang District Danjiangkou
Danjiangkou
City Zhushan County Fang County Yunxi County Zhuxi County

Yichang

Xiling District Wujiagang District Dianjun District Xiaoting District Yiling District Zhijiang City Yidu
Yidu
City Dangyang
Dangyang
City Yuan'an County Xingshan County Zigui County Changyang Autonomous County Wufeng Autonomous County

Xiangyang

Xiangcheng District Fancheng District Xiangzhou District Laohekou
Laohekou
City Zaoyang
Zaoyang
City Yicheng City Nanzhang County Gucheng County Baokang County

Ezhou

Echeng
Echeng
District Liangzihu District Huarong District

Jingmen

Dongbao District Duodao District Zhongxiang
Zhongxiang
City Shayang County Jingshan County

Xiaogan

Xiaonan District Yingcheng
Yingcheng
City Anlu
Anlu
City Hanchuan
Hanchuan
City Xiaochang County Dawu County Yunmeng County

Jingzhou

Shashi District Jingzhou
Jingzhou
District Shishou Honghu
Honghu
City Songzi
Songzi
City Jiangling County Gong'an County Jianli County

Huanggang

Huangzhou District Macheng
Macheng
City Wuxue
Wuxue
City Hong'an County Luotian County Yingshan County Xishui County Qichun County Huangmei County Tuanfeng County Longganhu Administrative District

Xianning

Xian'an District Chibi
Chibi
City Jiayu County Tongcheng County Chongyang County Tongshan County

Suizhou

Zengdu District Guangshui
Guangshui
City Sui County

Autonomous prefectures

Enshi

Enshi City Lichuan City Jianshi County Badong County Xuan'en County Xianfeng County Laifeng County Hefeng County

Sub-prefecture-level cities

Xiantao
Xiantao
City Tianmen
Tianmen
City Qianjiang City Shennongjia
Shennongjia
Forestry District

v t e

Cities along the Yangtze

Province-level

Cities (from upper reaches to lower reaches)

Yunnan

Lijiang (SIchuan see below) Dongchuan

Sichuan

Panzhihua (Yunan see above) Yibin Luzhou

Chongqing

Jiangjin Central Chongqing Fuling Wanzhou

Hubei

Yichang Yidu Zhijiang Songzi Jingzhou Shishou ( Hunan
Hunan
see below) Honghu Chibi Wuhan Ezhou Huangshi Huanggang Wuxue

Hunan

Yueyang Linxiang

Jiangxi

Ruichang Jiujiang

Anhui

Anqing Chizhou Tongling Wuhu Ma'anshan

Jiangsu

Nanjing Yizheng Jurong Zhenjiang Yangzhou Taizhou Yangzhong Taixing Danyang Changzhou Jingjiang Jiangyin Zhangjiagang Rugao Nantong Changshu Taicang Haimen Qidong

Shanghai

Baoshan Pudong

Major cities along the Pearl River · Major cities along the Yellow River

Coordinates: 30°24′N 114°50′E / 30.400°N 114.833°E / 30.400; 114.833

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 126770255 LCCN: n88047

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