EZHOU (Chinese : 鄂州; pinyin : _Èzhōu_) is a prefecture-level
city in eastern
China . As of the 2010 census, the
city had a population of 1,048,668, of which 668,727 lived in the core
Echeng District . The
Huanggang built-up (_or metro_) area was
home to 1,035,496 inhabitants from the
Echeng and Huangzhou, Huanggang
* 1 Geography
* 2 History
* 3 Administration
* 4 Economy
* 5 Transportation
* 6 Tourism
* 7 References
* 8 External links
Ezhou lies on the southern bank of the
Yangtze River east of the
southern section of Wuchang , across the river from the city of
Huanggang , to which it is connected by the
Ehuang Bridge . Sandwiched
between the cities of
Ezhou has a relatively
small area of 1,504 square kilometres (581 sq mi).
There are many lakes in Ezhou, including the
Liangzi Lake and Yanglan
Lake , along with more than 133 lakes and pools. The city is the
Wuchang Bream and as a result is nicknamed "City of one
hundred lakes" and "The land of fish and rice".
A 1915 map showing a small section of Wuchang (today's Ezhou),
across the river from Hwang-Chow (Huangzhou), the modern central urban
Huanggang , along with a much larger area further west
(adjacent to Hanyang and
The name "Ezhou" dates to the
Han Dynasty (206 BCE – 220 CE) and
derives from the nearby ancient
Zhou Dynasty (1046–256 BCE) vassal
State of E . Although the administrative seat of the city changed
several times, the name remained unchanged until the Three Kingdoms
era (220−280) at which time it became the capital of the state of
Eastern Wu ruled by
Sun Quan and was renamed "Wuchang". This name
remained in use as late as 1915, which proved confusing to travellers
as it was also applied to the much larger city of Wuchang, itself
shortly to become part of Wuhan.
Throughout China's history
Ezhou has remained an important city
politically, economically, and militarily with its strategic position
along the middle part of the
Yangtze River. It is also an important
location in the history of the Pure Land Sect of Buddhism .
Ezhou has three districts .
Echeng District (鄂城区) (the central urban area)
Huarong District (华容区)
Liangzihu District (梁子湖区)
ECHENG HUARONG LIANGZIHU
Ezhou television company tower
Ezhou has six ports on the
Yangtze including one than can handle up
to 10,000-tonne (9,800-long-ton; 11,000-short-ton) vessels. Many
important rail lines and national highways cross the area. This
infrastructure make it a major logistics and distribution center.
Important industries include metallurgy, construction materials,
textiles, chemicals, and machinery.
Ezhou is served by the E-Huang Expressway,
China National Highways
106 and 316 , the
Wuhan–Jiujiang Railway and the Wuhan-
Wuhan Metropolitan Area Intercity Railway .
Ezhou has two
bridges over the
Ezhou Railway Station (鄂州站, 30°21′48″N
114°51′38″E / 30.363343°N 114.860499°E / 30.363343;
114.860499 ), located southwest of downtown, has an interesting
layout, somewhat similar to that of the
Secaucus Junction in New
Jersey . Until 2014, there was just one rail line there: the
Wuhan–Jiujiang Railway , which is served by a large
number of trains traveling from
Nanchang and points further
east and south (Fujian, Zhejiang, etc.). Until 2013, there were no
commuter trains in per se in Hubei, but it took only about one hour
(usually, with a stop at Huarong ) to reach one of Wuhan's train
stations (such as
Wuchang Railway Station ) train station from Ezhou
using any of those trains. The distance from the
Ezhou station to
Wuchang by rail is 82 kilometres (51 mi). In 2014, the Wuhan-Huangshi
Line of the
Wuhan Metropolitan Area Intercity Railway , the region's
new commuter line system, was opened. This line, which runs east-west
in the area, has crossed the
Wuhan–Jiujiang Railway tracks at the
right angle just south of the previously existing
Ezhou station. To
accommodate the new line, the
Ezhou Station was expanded in 2013-2014,
with platforms constructed on the new commuter line, providing a
possibility for an easy transfer between the two lines. This is said
to be the first station in
China with this layout.
The trains on the commuter line travel to the
Wuhan Railway Station
(56 km, 30-40 min from Ezhou).
The commuter line has one more station in Ezhou, farther to the east.
Ezhou East (64 km from the
Wuhan Railway Station).
Ezhou has several tourism sites, including the West Hill (which is in
the center of the city), and the nearby Lotus Hill. There are also
three lakes, Liangzhi, Yanglang, and Honglian.
* ^ http://www.citypopulation.de/php/china-hubei-admin.php
* ^ Location of
Ezhou 鄂州地理位置 (in Chinese)
* ^ "鄂州历史纪要". 新华网. Retrieved 30 September 2007.
Ezhou (鄂州) schedule search at tielu.org
* ^ 武黄城铁预计5月开通
武汉到黄石仅30分钟票价35元 (The Wuhan-
Line expected to open in May.
Huangshi in 30 minutes; 35 yuan
Wikimedia Commons has media related to EZHOU _.
* Official Website