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EZHOU (Chinese : 鄂州; pinyin : Èzhōu) is a prefecture-level city in eastern Hubei
Hubei
Province, China
China
. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 1,048,668, of which 668,727 lived in the core Echeng District . The Ezhou
Ezhou
- Huanggang built-up (or metro) area was home to 1,035,496 inhabitants from the Echeng and Huangzhou, Huanggang Districts.

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography * 2 History * 3 Administration * 4 Economy * 5 Transportation * 6 Tourism * 7 References * 8 External links

GEOGRAPHY

Ezhou
Ezhou
lies on the southern bank of the Yangtze River east of the southern section of Wuchang , across the river from the city of Huanggang , to which it is connected by the Ehuang Bridge
Ehuang Bridge
. Sandwiched between the cities of Wuhan
Wuhan
and Huangshi
Huangshi
, Ezhou
Ezhou
has a relatively small area of 1,504 square kilometres (581 sq mi).

There are many lakes in Ezhou, including the Liangzi Lake and Yanglan Lake , along with more than 133 lakes and pools. The city is the origin of Wuchang Bream and as a result is nicknamed "City of one hundred lakes" and "The land of fish and rice".

HISTORY

A 1915 map showing a small section of Wuchang (today's Ezhou), across the river from Hwang-Chow (Huangzhou), the modern central urban area of Huanggang , along with a much larger area further west (adjacent to Hanyang and Hankou
Hankou
)

The name "Ezhou" dates to the Han Dynasty (206 BCE – 220 CE) and derives from the nearby ancient Zhou Dynasty (1046–256 BCE) vassal State of E . Although the administrative seat of the city changed several times, the name remained unchanged until the Three Kingdoms era (220−280) at which time it became the capital of the state of Eastern Wu ruled by Sun Quan
Sun Quan
and was renamed "Wuchang". This name remained in use as late as 1915, which proved confusing to travellers as it was also applied to the much larger city of Wuchang, itself shortly to become part of Wuhan.

Throughout China's history Ezhou
Ezhou
has remained an important city politically, economically, and militarily with its strategic position along the middle part of the Yangtze
Yangtze
River. It is also an important location in the history of the Pure Land Sect of Buddhism .

ADMINISTRATION

Ezhou
Ezhou
has three districts .

DISTRICTS:

* Echeng District (鄂城区) (the central urban area) * Huarong District (华容区) * Liangzihu District
Liangzihu District
(梁子湖区)

MAP

ECHENG HUARONG LIANGZIHU

ECONOMY

Ezhou
Ezhou
television company tower

Ezhou
Ezhou
has six ports on the Yangtze
Yangtze
including one than can handle up to 10,000-tonne (9,800-long-ton; 11,000-short-ton) vessels. Many important rail lines and national highways cross the area. This infrastructure make it a major logistics and distribution center. Important industries include metallurgy, construction materials, textiles, chemicals, and machinery.

TRANSPORTATION

Ezhou
Ezhou
is served by the E-Huang Expressway, China
China
National Highways 106 and 316 , the Wuhan–Jiujiang Railway
Wuhan–Jiujiang Railway
and the Wuhan- Huangshi
Huangshi
Line of the Wuhan Metropolitan Area Intercity Railway . Ezhou
Ezhou
has two bridges over the Yangtze
Yangtze
.

The Ezhou
Ezhou
Railway Station (鄂州站, 30°21′48″N 114°51′38″E / 30.363343°N 114.860499°E / 30.363343; 114.860499 ), located southwest of downtown, has an interesting layout, somewhat similar to that of the Secaucus Junction
Secaucus Junction
in New Jersey . Until 2014, there was just one rail line there: the north-south Wuhan–Jiujiang Railway
Wuhan–Jiujiang Railway
, which is served by a large number of trains traveling from Wuhan
Wuhan
to Nanchang and points further east and south (Fujian, Zhejiang, etc.). Until 2013, there were no commuter trains in per se in Hubei, but it took only about one hour (usually, with a stop at Huarong ) to reach one of Wuhan's train stations (such as Wuchang Railway Station ) train station from Ezhou using any of those trains. The distance from the Ezhou
Ezhou
station to Wuchang by rail is 82 kilometres (51 mi). In 2014, the Wuhan-Huangshi Line of the Wuhan Metropolitan Area Intercity Railway , the region's new commuter line system, was opened. This line, which runs east-west in the area, has crossed the Wuhan–Jiujiang Railway
Wuhan–Jiujiang Railway
tracks at the right angle just south of the previously existing Ezhou
Ezhou
station. To accommodate the new line, the Ezhou
Ezhou
Station was expanded in 2013-2014, with platforms constructed on the new commuter line, providing a possibility for an easy transfer between the two lines. This is said to be the first station in China
China
with this layout.

The trains on the commuter line travel to the Wuhan
Wuhan
Railway Station (56 km, 30-40 min from Ezhou).

The commuter line has one more station in Ezhou, farther to the east. It is Ezhou
Ezhou
East (64 km from the Wuhan
Wuhan
Railway Station).

TOURISM

Ezhou
Ezhou
has several tourism sites, including the West Hill (which is in the center of the city), and the nearby Lotus Hill. There are also three lakes, Liangzhi, Yanglang, and Honglian.

REFERENCES

* ^ http://www.citypopulation.de/php/china-hubei-admin.php * ^ Location of Ezhou
Ezhou
鄂州地理位置 (in Chinese) * ^ "鄂州历史纪要". 新华网. Retrieved 30 September 2007. * ^ Ezhou
Ezhou
(鄂州) schedule search at tielu.org * ^ 武黄城铁预计5月开通 武汉到黄石仅30分钟票价35元 (The Wuhan- Huangshi
Huangshi
Intercity Line expected to open in May. Wuhan
Wuhan
to Huangshi
Huangshi
in 30 minutes; 35 yuan fare), 2014-04-27

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikimedia Commons has media related to EZHOU .

* Official Website

* v * t * e

County-level divisions