Ezhou (Chinese: 鄂州; pinyin: Èzhōu) is a prefecture-level city in
Hubei Province, China. As of the 2010 census, the city had a
population of 1,048,668, of which 668,727 lived in the core Echeng
Huanggang built-up (or metro) area was home to
1,035,496 inhabitants from the
Echeng and Huangzhou, Huanggang
8 External links
Ezhou lies on the southern bank of the
Yangtze River east of the
southern section of Wuchang, across the river from the city of
Huanggang, to which it is connected by the Ehuang Bridge. Sandwiched
between the cities of
Wuhan and Huangshi,
Ezhou has a relatively small
area of 1,504 square kilometres (581 sq mi).
There are many lakes in Ezhou, including the
Liangzi Lake in Liangzihu
District and Yanglan Lake, along with more than 133 lakes and pools.
The city is the origin of
Wuchang Bream and as a result is nicknamed
"City of one hundred lakes" and "The land of fish and rice".[citation
A 1915 map showing a small section of Wuchang (today's Ezhou), across
the river from Hwang-Chow (Huangzhou), the modern central urban area
of Huanggang, along with a much larger area further west (adjacent to
Hanyang and Hankou)
The name "Ezhou" dates to the
Han Dynasty (206 BCE –
220 CE) and derives from the nearby ancient Zhou Dynasty
(1046–256 BCE) vassal State of E. Although the administrative
seat of the city changed several times, the name remained unchanged
Three Kingdoms era (220−280) at which time it became the
capital of the state of
Eastern Wu ruled by
Sun Quan and was renamed
"Wuchang". This name remained in use as late as 1915, which proved
confusing to travellers as it was also applied to the much larger city
of Wuchang, itself shortly to become part of Wuhan.
Throughout China's history
Ezhou has remained an important city
politically, economically, and militarily with its strategic position
along the middle part of the
Yangtze River. It is also an important
location in the history of the Pure Land Sect of Buddhism.[citation
Ezhou has three districts:
鄂城区 (the central urban area)
Liangzihu District Liangzi Lake
Ezhou television company tower
Ezhou has six ports on the
Yangtze including one than can handle up to
10,000-tonne (9,800-long-ton; 11,000-short-ton) vessels. Many
important rail lines and national highways cross the area. This
infrastructure make it a major logistics and distribution center.
Important industries include metallurgy, construction materials,
textiles, chemicals, and machinery.
Ezhou Traffic Police Office
Ezhou is served by the E-Huang Expressway,
China National Highways 106
and 316, the
Wuhan–Jiujiang Railway and the Wuhan-
Huangshi Line of
Wuhan Metropolitan Area Intercity Railway.
Ezhou has two bridges
over the Yangtze.
Ezhou Railway Station (鄂州站, 30°21′48″N
114°51′38″E / 30.363343°N 114.860499°E / 30.363343;
114.860499), located southwest of downtown, has an interesting layout,
somewhat similar to that of the
Secaucus Junction in New Jersey. Until
2014, there was just one rail line there: the north-south
Jiujiang Railway, which is served by a large number of trains
Nanchang and points further east and south
(Fujian, Zhejiang, etc.). Until 2013, there were no commuter trains in
per se in Hubei, but it took only about one hour (usually, with a stop
at Huarong) to reach one of Wuhan's train stations (such as Wuchang
Railway Station) train station from
Ezhou using any of those trains.
The distance from the
Ezhou station to Wuchang by rail is 82
kilometres (51 mi). In 2014, the Wuhan-
Huangshi Line of the
Wuhan Metropolitan Area Intercity Railway, the region's new commuter
line system, was opened. This line, which runs east-west in the area,
has crossed the
Wuhan–Jiujiang Railway tracks at the right angle
just south of the previously existing
Ezhou station. To accommodate
the new line, the
Ezhou Station was expanded in 2013-2014, with
platforms constructed on the new commuter line, providing a
possibility for an easy transfer between the two lines. This is said
to be the first station in
China with this layout.
The trains on the commuter line travel to the
Wuhan Railway Station
(56 km, 30-40 min from Ezhou).
The commuter line has one more station in Ezhou, farther to the east.
Ezhou East (64 km from the
Wuhan Railway Station).
Top Tourist City of
Ezhou has several tourism sites, including the West Hill (which is in
the center of the city), and the nearby Lotus Hill.
There are also three lakes, Liangzi Lake, Yanglan Lake (洋澜湖) and
^ Location of
Ezhou 鄂州地理位置 (in Chinese)
^ "鄂州历史纪要". 新华网. Retrieved 30 September 2007.
^ "鄂州市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要 数据公报" (in
Simplified Chinese). 鄂州日报社. 18 May 2011. Retrieved 2 January
2018. 六、人口的分布 全市常住人口地区分布如下：地
区 人口数（人）全市合计 1048672 鄂城区 303315 华容区
172599 梁子湖区 142608 葛店开发区（含葛店镇） 64734
鄂州开发区 31013 凤凰办 138032 古楼办 127600 西山办
68771 CS1 maint: Unrecognized language (link)
^ "鄂州市历史沿革 [The Historical Development of
(in Simplified Chinese). 行政区划网站 [Administrative Divisions
Website]. 7 December 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
辖鄂城、华容、梁子湖3个市辖区， CS1 maint:
Unrecognized language (link)
Ezhou (鄂州) schedule search at tielu.org
^ 武黄城铁预计5月开通 武汉到黄石仅30分钟票价35元
Huangshi Intercity Line expected to open in May.
Huangshi in 30 minutes; 35 yuan fare), 2014-04-27
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ezhou.
County-level divisions of
Changyang Autonomous County
Wufeng Autonomous County
Longganhu Administrative District
Shennongjia Forestry District
Cities along the Yangtze
Cities (from upper reaches to lower reaches)
(SIchuan see below)
(Yunan see above)
Hunan see below)
Major cities along the Pearl River · Major cities along the Yellow
Coordinates: 30°24′N 114°50′E / 30.400°N 114.833°E /