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Eyvind Johnson
Eyvind Johnson
(29 July 1900 – 25 August 1976) was a Swedish novelist and short story writer. Regarded as the most groundbreaking novelist in modern Swedish literature[1] he became a member of the Swedish Academy
Swedish Academy
in 1957 and shared the Nobel Prize in Literature
Nobel Prize in Literature
with Harry Martinson
Harry Martinson
in 1974 with the citation: for a narrative art, far-seeing in lands and ages, in the service of freedom.

Contents

1 Biography 2 Controversy 3 Bibliography 4 References 5 External links

Biography[edit] Johnson was born Olof Edvin Verner Jonsson in Svartbjörnsbyn village in Överluleå parish, near the town of Boden in Norrbotten. In Boden they show the small house where he was born. Johnson left school at the age of thirteen and then held various jobs such as log driving and working at a saw mill and as a ticket-seller and projectionist in a cinema. In 1919 he left his hometown and moved to Stockholm
Stockholm
where he began to publish articles in anarchist magazines like Brand. In Stockholm
Stockholm
he became friends with other young proletarian writers and started the magazine Vår nutid. He travelled in Germany in the 1920s and lived in Saint-Leu-la-Foret, near Paris, France between 1927 and 1930 with his wife Aase Christoffersen (1900–1938). At this point he had published his first books. The first De fyra främlingarna, a collection of short stories, was published in 1924. His first major success as a writer was four autobiographical novels published between 1934 and 1937, published together as Romanen om Olof ("The Novel about Olof"), about a young man growing up in the northern parts of Sweden. It was later filmed as Here Is Your Life. Eyvind Johnson
Eyvind Johnson
was strongly against fascism and nazism. During World War II he was editor of the magazine Håndslag and published Krilon, a trilogy of novels that in the form of an allegory deals with the events during the war. In 1946 he published one of his most famous novels Return to Ithaca, based on the story of Odysseus
Odysseus
as he returns to Ithaca after the Trojan war. Johnson married translator Cilla Johnson in 1940. He lived with his family in Switzerland 1947–1949 and then a year in England. Travels to Italy and France inspired him to write several well-received historical novels. In 1957 he was elected a member of the Swedish Academy. His most noted works include Here's Your Life (1935), Return to Ithaca (1946) and The Days of His Grace
The Days of His Grace
(1960). Controversy[edit] The choice of Johnson and Harry Martinson
Harry Martinson
as Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
winners in 1974 was controversial as both were on the Nobel panel themselves and Graham Greene, Vladimir Nabokov, Saul Bellow
Saul Bellow
and Jorge Luis Borges were the favoured candidates that year.[2] Bibliography[edit]

De fyra främlingarna (short story collection, 1924) Timans och rättfärdigheten (novel, 1925) Stad i mörker (novel, 1927) Stad i ljus (novel, 1928) Minnas (novel, 1928) Kommentar till ett stjärnfall (novel, 1929) Avsked till Hamlet (novel, 1930) Natten är här (short story collection, 1932) Bobinack (novel, 1932) Regn i gryningen (novel, 1933) Nu var det 1914 (novel, 1934) Än en gång, kapten! (short story collection, 1934) Here's Your Life (Swedish: Här har du ditt liv!, novel, 1935) Se dig inte om! (novel, 1936) Slutspel i ungdomen (novel, 1937) Nattövning (novel, 1938) Den trygga världen (short story collection, 1940) Soldatens återkomst (novel, 1940) Grupp Krilon (novel, 1941) Krilons resa (novel, 1942) Krilon själv (novel, 1943) Sju liv (short story compilation, 1944) Return to Ithaca (Swedish: Strändernas svall, novel, 1946; drama, 1948) Pan mot Sparta (short story collection, 1946) Dagbok från Schweiz (1949) Drömmar om rosor och eld (novel, 1949) Lägg undan solen (novel, 1951) Romantisk berättelse (novel, 1953) Tidens gång (novel, 1955) Vinterresa i Norrbotten (1955) Molnen över Metapontion (novel, 1957) Vägar över Metaponto – en resedagbok (1959) The Days of His Grace
The Days of His Grace
(Swedish: Hans nådes tid, novel, 1960) Spår förbi Kolonos – en berättelse (1961) Livsdagen lång (novel, 1964) Stunder, vågor – anteckningar, berättelser (1965) Favel ensam (novel, 1968) Resa i hösten 1921 (1973) Några steg mot tystnaden (novel, 1973) Olibrius och gestalterna (youth short story collection, 1986) Herr Clerk vår mästare (original version of Minnas, novel, 1998)

References[edit]

^ Svenska Akademien ^ Raúl Fain Binda BBC Mundo (1 January 1970). "BBC Mundo – Noticias – Londres 2012: el cruel destino del atleta que llega cuarto". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 13 August 2012. 

External links[edit]

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Eyvind Johnson

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Eyvind Johnson
Eyvind Johnson
Society

Cultural offices

Preceded by Nils Ahnlund Swedish Academy, Seat No.11 1957–1976 Succeeded by Ulf Linde

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Dobloug Prize winners

Norway

1951: Øverland 1952: Ørjasæter 1953: Reiss-Andersen 1954: Krokann 1955: Wildenvey 1956: Boyson 1957: Vesaas 1958: Falkberget 1959: Sandemose 1960: Vesaas 1961: Larsen 1962: Hagerup 1963: Bruheim 1964: Nedreaas 1965: Borgen 1966: Sande 1967: Skrede 1968: Jacobsen 1969: Hauge 1970: Holt 1971: Mehren 1972: Børli 1973: Bolstad 1974: Bjørneboe 1975: Magerøy 1976: Hølmebakk 1977: Holth 1978: Sverdrup 1979: Rud 1980: Haalke 1981: Brekke 1982: Hofmo 1983: Takvam 1984: Andersen 1985: Eggen & Haff 1986: Carling & Hauge 1987: Haugen & Vik 1988: Hoem & Vold 1989: Lunden & Rønning 1990: Heggland & Løveid 1991: Hauger & Vindtorn 1992: Eidslott & Lønn 1993: Christensen & Falkeid 1994: Hansen & Bringsværd 1995: Askildsen & Ulven 1996: Solstad & Sæther 1997: Fløgstad & Vaage 1998: Alnæs & Bauer 1999: Fosse & Nesse 2000: Kjærstad & Økland 2001: Jarvoll & Steen 2002: Kittelsen & Ørstavik 2003: Aamodt & Christiansen 2004: Marstein & Tusvik 2005: Herbjørnsrud & Hødnebø 2006: Bramness & Gundersen 2007: Lie & Tønseth 2008: Hovland & Lindstrøm 2009: Lund & Øyehaug 2010: Rimbereid & Stubhaug 2011: Ødegård & Grimsrud 2012: Jacobsen & Einan 2013: Moe & Pedersen 2014: Larsen & Wardenær 2015: Skomsvold & Sunde 2016: Johansen & Petterson 2017: Opstad & Ullmann

Sweden

1951: Ekelöf & Johnson 1952: Selander 1953: Lo-Johansson 1954: Martinson & Lindegren 1955: Asplund & Barthel 1956: Malmberg 1957: Ruin 1958: Lundkvist 1959: Hedenvind-Eriksson 1960: Johnson 1961: Lidman 1962: Browallius 1963: Ahlin 1964: Lars Gyllensten 1965: Nilsson Piraten 1966: Aurell 1967: Höijer 1968: Fridegård 1969: Lindqvist 1970: Trotzig 1971: Arnér 1972: Beckman 1973: Lo-Johansson 1974: Rundquist 1975: Dahl 1976: Barthel 1977: Margareta Ekström 1978: Zetterholm 1979: Gripe 1980: Fagerberg 1981: Sandgren 1982: Jersild 1983: Key-Åberg 1984: Rosendahl 1985: Anderberg & Lidman 1986: Ardelius & Wijkmark 1987: Ekerwald & Lindgren 1988: Enquist & Sonnevi 1989: Lagerroth & Norman 1990: Combüchen & Klein 1991: Granlid & Pleijel 1992: Berggren & Printz-Påhlson 1993: Gustafsson & Westberg 1994: Romberg & Runefelt 1995: Erkelius & Tornborg 1996: Edelfelt & Sjögren 1997: Eriksson & Larsson 1998: Eriksson & Östergren 1999: Lugn & Söderström 2000: Ekelund & Odensten 2001: Florin & Lillpers 2002: Berglund & Hylinger 2003: Kandre & Palm 2004: Jäderlund & Ranelid 2005: Lönnroth & Sem-Sandberg 2006: Fehrman & Hansson 2007: Furuland & Rynell 2008: Rådström & Cullberg 2009: Mattson & Strandberg 2010: Kylhammar & Öijer 2011: Harding & Hjorth 2012: Eriksson & Dahlström 2013: Jakobson & Stridsberg 2014: Malmberg & Meidal 2015: Eggehorn & Cornell 2016: Sandberg & Unge 2017: Kallifatides & Lundell

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Nordic Council Literature Prize winners

1960s

1962: The Days of His Grace
The Days of His Grace
– Eyvind Johnson 1963: Under the North Star 3: Reconciliation – Väinö Linna 1964: The Ice Palace – Tarjei Vesaas 1965: From Hell to Paradise – Olof Lagercrantz
Olof Lagercrantz
and The Good Hope – William Heinesen 1966: Diwan on the Prince of Emgion
Diwan on the Prince of Emgion
– Gunnar Ekelöf 1967: Nye noveller – Johan Borgen 1968: Flight of the Eagle – Per Olof Sundman 1969: The Legionnaires – Per Olov Enquist

1970s

1970: Anna, I, Anna – Klaus Rifbjerg 1971: Coast of Slaves, Ships of Slaves & Islands of Slaves – Thorkild Hansen 1972: Sju ord på tunnelbanan – Karl Vennberg 1973: Kersantin poika – Veijo Meri 1974: Uden mål – og med – Villy Sørensen 1975: Siinä näkijä missä tekijä – Hannu Salama 1976: Að laufferjum & Að brunnum – Ólafur Jóhann Sigurðsson 1977: I de mörka rummen, i de ljusa – Bo Carpelan 1978: Dalen Portland – Kjartan Fløgstad 1979: Pubertet – Ivar Lo-Johansson

1980s

1980: Vredens barn – Sara Lidman 1981: Hauströkkrið yfir mér – Snorri Hjartarson 1982: Samuels bok – Sven Delblanc 1983: Om fjorten dage – Peter Seeberg 1984: The Christmas Oratorio – Göran Tunström 1985: A Day in Ostrobothnia – Antti Tuuri 1986: Líkasum – Rói Patursson 1987: Hudløs himmel – Herbjørg Wassmo 1988: Justice Undone – Thor Vilhjálmsson 1989: Roman 1987 – Dag Solstad

1990s

1990: For the Living and the Dead – Tomas Tranströmer 1991: The Sun, My Father – Nils-Aslak Valkeapää 1992: Night Watch – Fríða Á. Sigurðardóttir 1993: Byen og verden – Peer Hultberg 1994: Blackwater – Kerstin Ekman 1995: Angels of the Universe – Einar Már Guðmundsson 1996: Hva skal vi gjøre i dag og andre noveller – Øystein Lønn 1997: Bang. En roman om Herman Bang – Dorrit Willumsen 1998: After Having Spent a Night Among Horses – Tua Forsström 1999: Queen's Gate – Pia Tafdrup

2000s

2000: Drømmebroer – Henrik Nordbrandt 2001: The Discoverer – Jan Kjærstad 2002: The Half Brother
The Half Brother
– Lars Saabye Christensen 2003: Revbensstäderna – Eva Ström 2004: Juoksuhaudantie – Kari Hotakainen 2005: The Blue Fox – Sjón 2006: The Ocean – Göran Sonnevi 2007: Drömfakulteten – Sara Stridsberg 2008: Baboon – Naja Marie Aidt 2009: I Curse the River of Time – Per Petterson

2010s

2010: Purge – Sofi Oksanen 2011: Between the Trees – Gyrðir Elíasson 2012: Days in the History of Silence
Days in the History of Silence
– Merethe Lindstrøm 2013: The Prophets of Eternal Fjord – Kim Leine 2014: Mirage 38 – Kjell Westö 2015: Wakefulness, Olav's Dreams & Weariness – Jon Fosse

List of Nordic Council's Literature Prize
Nordic Council's Literature Prize
winners and nominees

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Laureates of the Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
in Literature

1901–1925

1901 Sully Prudhomme 1902 Theodor Mommsen 1903 Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson 1904 Frédéric Mistral
Frédéric Mistral
/ José Echegaray 1905 Henryk Sienkiewicz 1906 Giosuè Carducci 1907 Rudyard Kipling 1908 Rudolf Eucken 1909 Selma Lagerlöf 1910 Paul Heyse 1911 Maurice Maeterlinck 1912 Gerhart Hauptmann 1913 Rabindranath Tagore 1914 1915 Romain Rolland 1916 Verner von Heidenstam 1917 Karl Gjellerup / Henrik Pontoppidan 1918 1919 Carl Spitteler 1920 Knut Hamsun 1921 Anatole France 1922 Jacinto Benavente 1923 W. B. Yeats 1924 Władysław Reymont 1925 George Bernard Shaw

1926–1950

1926 Grazia Deledda 1927 Henri Bergson 1928 Sigrid Undset 1929 Thomas Mann 1930 Sinclair Lewis 1931 Erik Axel Karlfeldt 1932 John Galsworthy 1933 Ivan Bunin 1934 Luigi Pirandello 1935 1936 Eugene O'Neill 1937 Roger Martin du Gard 1938 Pearl S. Buck 1939 Frans Eemil Sillanpää 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 Johannes V. Jensen 1945 Gabriela Mistral 1946 Hermann Hesse 1947 André Gide 1948 T. S. Eliot 1949 William Faulkner 1950 Bertrand Russell

1951–1975

1951 Pär Lagerkvist 1952 François Mauriac 1953 Winston Churchill 1954 Ernest Hemingway 1955 Halldór Laxness 1956 Juan Ramón Jiménez 1957 Albert Camus 1958 Boris Pasternak 1959 Salvatore Quasimodo 1960 Saint-John Perse 1961 Ivo Andrić 1962 John Steinbeck 1963 Giorgos Seferis 1964 Jean-Paul Sartre
Jean-Paul Sartre
(declined award) 1965 Mikhail Sholokhov 1966 Shmuel Yosef Agnon
Shmuel Yosef Agnon
/ Nelly Sachs 1967 Miguel Ángel Asturias 1968 Yasunari Kawabata 1969 Samuel Beckett 1970 Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn 1971 Pablo Neruda 1972 Heinrich Böll 1973 Patrick White 1974 Eyvind Johnson
Eyvind Johnson
/ Harry Martinson 1975 Eugenio Montale

1976–2000

1976 Saul Bellow 1977 Vicente Aleixandre 1978 Isaac Bashevis Singer 1979 Odysseas Elytis 1980 Czesław Miłosz 1981 Elias Canetti 1982 Gabriel García Márquez 1983 William Golding 1984 Jaroslav Seifert 1985 Claude Simon 1986 Wole Soyinka 1987 Joseph Brodsky 1988 Naguib Mahfouz 1989 Camilo José Cela 1990 Octavio Paz 1991 Nadine Gordimer 1992 Derek Walcott 1993 Toni Morrison 1994 Kenzaburō Ōe 1995 Seamus Heaney 1996 Wisława Szymborska 1997 Dario Fo 1998 José Saramago 1999 Günter Grass 2000 Gao Xingjian

2001–present

2001 V. S. Naipaul 2002 Imre Kertész 2003 J. M. Coetzee 2004 Elfriede Jelinek 2005 Harold Pinter 2006 Orhan Pamuk 2007 Doris Lessing 2008 J. M. G. Le Clézio 2009 Herta Müller 2010 Mario Vargas Llosa 2011 Tomas Tranströmer 2012 Mo Yan 2013 Alice Munro 2014 Patrick Modiano 2015 Svetlana Alexievich 2016 Bob Dylan 2017 Kazuo Ishiguro

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Swedish Nobel laureates

Chemistry

1903: Svante Arrhenius 1926: Theodor Svedberg 1929: Hans von Euler-Chelpin 1948: Arne Tiselius 2015: Tomas Lindahl

Literature

1909: Selma Lagerlöf 1916: Verner von Heidenstam 1931: Erik Axel Karlfeldt
Erik Axel Karlfeldt
(posthumously) 1951: Pär Lagerkvist 1966: Nelly Sachs 1974: Eyvind Johnson
Eyvind Johnson
/ Harry Martinson 2011: Tomas Tranströmer

Peace

1908: Klas Pontus Arnoldson 1921: Hjalmar Branting 1930: Nathan Söderblom 1961: Dag Hammarskjöld
Dag Hammarskjöld
(posthumously) 1982: Alva Myrdal

Physics

1912: Gustaf Dalén 1924: Manne Siegbahn 1970: Hannes Alfvén 1981: Kai Siegbahn

Physiology or Medicine

1911: Allvar Gullstrand 1955: Hugo Theorell 1967: Ragnar Granit 1970: Ulf von Euler 1981: Torsten Wiesel 1982: Sune Bergström
Sune Bergström
/ Bengt I. Samuelsson 2000: Arvid Carlsson

Economic Sciences

1974: Gunnar Myrdal 1977: Bertil Ohlin

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 112706501 LCCN: n80001560 ISNI: 0000 0001 0936 7210 GND: 118712799 SELIBR: 216721 SUDOC: 026939126 BNF: cb119088976 (data) NKC: jn20000603236 CiNii: DA06772

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