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The underworld or netherworld is an otherworld thought to be deep underground or beneath the surface of the world in most religions and mythologies.[1] Typically, it is a place where the souls of the departed go, an afterlife or a realm of the dead. Chthonic
Chthonic
is the technical adjective for things of the underworld.

Contents

1 Underworlds by mythology 2 Underworld
Underworld
figures 3 See also 4 References

Underworlds by mythology[edit] This list includes underworlds in various mythology, with links to corresponding articles.

Albanian mythology Ferri

Aztec mythology Mictlan

Babylonian mythology Irkalla

Buddhist mythology Naraka (also Niraya)

Celtic mythology Annwn, Mag Mell

Chinese mythology
Chinese mythology
/ taoism Diyu
Diyu
地獄

Christian
Christian
mythology Hell, Tártaro, Purgatory

Egyptian mythology Aaru, Duat, Neter-khertet, Amenti

Estonian mythology Toonela

Fijian mythology see Melanesian mythology

Finnish mythology Tuonela

Georgian mythology Kveskneli

Germanic Hel, Niflheim

Greek mythology

Main article: Greek underworld Elysium, Asphodel Meadows, Tártaros

Guanche mythology

Echeide, Guayota

Hindu mythology Naraka or Yamaloka, Patala

Hittite mythology Dankuš daganzipaš (dark earth)

Hopi mythology Maski

Hungarian mythology Alvilág

Inca mythology Uku Pacha

Inuit mythology Adlivun

Islamic mythology Jahannam, Naar, Barzakh, Araf

Jain mythology Naraka, Adho Loka (the lower world)

Japanese mythology/Shinto Yomi
Yomi
黄泉, Ne-no-Kuni 根の国, Jigoku 地獄

Jewish/Hebrew mythology Sheol, Gehenna, Abaddon, Azazel, Tehom, Tophet, Tzoah Rotachat, Dudael

Korean mythology "Ji-Ok" 지옥 地獄

Latvian mythology Aizsaule

Malay mythology Alam Ghaib (The unseen realm)

Indonesian mythology

Māori mythology Hawaiki, Rarohenga

Mapuche mythology Pellumawida, Degin, Wenuleufu, Ngullchenmaiwe

Maya mythology Metnal, Xibalba

Melanesian mythology (includes Fijian) Bulu, Burotu, Murimuria, Nabagatai, Tuma

Norse mythology Gimlé, Hel, Niflhel, Vingólf

Oromo mythology Ekera

Persian mythology Duzakh

Philippine mythology Kasanaan

Polynesian mythology Avaiki, Bulotu, Iva, Lua-o-Milu, Nga- Atua, Pulotu, Rangi Tuarea, Te Toi-o-nga-Ranga, Uranga-o-Te-Ra

Pueblo
Pueblo
mythology Shipap

Roman mythology Inferno, Avernus

Romanian mythology Tărâmul Celălalt

Slavic mythology Nav, Podsvetie, Peklo, Vyraj

Sumerian mythology Kur, Hubur

Turko-Mongol Erlik

Vodou mythology Guinee

Wagawaga (New Guinea) mythology Hiyoyoa

Underworld
Underworld
figures[edit] This list includes rulers or guardians of the underworld in various mythologies, with links to corresponding articles.

Aboriginal mythology Baiame
Baiame
(Kamilaroi), Eingana

Akkadian mythology Allu, Anu, Anunnaku, Ereshkigal, Etemmu, Gallu, Humbaba, Mamitu, Nergal, Utnapishtim

Albanian mythology E Bukura e Dheut

Turko-Mongol Erlik

Armenian mythology Spandaramat

Aztec mythology Mictlantecuhtli, Mictecacihuatl, Chalmecacihuilt, Chalmecatl

Babylonian mythology Erra, Nergal, Ninlil, Sursunabu, Ur-shanabi, Utnapishtim

Balinese mythology Batara Kala, Setesuyara

Bon mythology gNyan

Buddhist mythology Yama

Canaanite mythology Mot, Arsay

Celtic mythology Aed, Arawn, Cwn Annwn, Donn, Gwyn ap Nudd, Manannán mac Lir, Pwyll

Chinese mythology Gui, Yanluo

Christian
Christian
mythology Satan, Lucifer, Beelzebub

Egyptian mythology Aken, Aker (strictly only the gatekeeper), Am-heh, Amunet, Ammit, Andjety, Anubis, Apep, Apis, Astennu, Ha, Imiut (if the Imiut was ever considered a god), Isis, Mehen, Naunet, Nehebkau, Nephthys, Nun, Nut, Osiris, Ptah, Seker, Thoth

Elamite mythology Jabru

Estonian mythology Vanapagan

Etruscan mythology Charun, Culsu, Februus, Mania, Mantus, Nethuns, Tuchulcha, Vanth

Finnish mythology Kalma, Kipu-Tyttö, Kivutar, Lovitar, Surma, Tuonen akka, Tuonetar, Tuoni, Vammatar

Greek mythology Cerberus, Charon, Hadēs, Pluto, Keres, Persephone, Thánatos

Georgian mythology sasuleti

Haida mythology Ta'xet, Tia

Hinduism Yama

Hopi mythology Maasaw

Ibo mythology Ala

Incan mythology Supay, Vichama

Indonesian mythology
Indonesian mythology
(ancient Javananese, Sundanese and Balinese) Batara Kala
Batara Kala
guardian for sinners souls' underworld, Dewi Sri
Dewi Sri
guardess for the righteous souls' underworld

Inuit mythology Pana, Sedna

Islamic mythology Maalik as the guardian of the jahannam hell's door, Iblis
Iblis
accompany the sinners in jahannam

Japanese mythology Hotoke, Izanami-no-Mikoto, Jikininki, Shikome, Shitidama, Shiryō, Susanoo-no-Mikoto, Yama

Kassite mythology Dur

Khmer mythology Preas Eyssaur

Latvian mythology Veļi, Velu mate, Zemes mate

Levantine mythology Mot, Arsay

Lunda mythology Kalunga

Maori mythology Kewa

Maya mythology Xibalba

Melanesian mythology (includes Fijian mythology) Degei, Ratumaibulu, Samulayo

Narragansett mythology Chepi

Navaho mythology Estsanatlehi

Niquiran mythology Mictanteot

Norse mythology Garmr, Hel, Ran

Ob-Ugrian mythology Heini-iki

Orokolo mythology Kiavari

Persian mythology Angra Mainyu, Azhi Dahaka, Peri

Philippine mythology Magwayen/Maguayen, Sidapa

Phoenician mythology Horon

Phrygian mythology Men

Polynesian mythology Hikuleo, Hina, Hine-nui-te-Po, Kanaloa, Kiho-tumu, Makea Tutara, Mahiuki, Mahu-ike, Marama, Mauri, Merau, Milu, Miru, Rimu, Rohe, Whiro

Prussian mythology Picullus

Pueblo
Pueblo
mythology Iyatiku

Roma (Gypsy) mythology Beng

Roman mythology Cerberus, Dea Tacita, Dis Pater, Egestes, Fames, Inferi Dii, Larenta, Letum, Libitina, Mors, Orcus, Pluto, Proserpina, Viduus

Romanian mythology Diavolu, Satana, Necuratu, Scaraoschi

Russian mythology Dyavol, Satanaya

Saami mythology Yambe-akka

Salish mythology Amotken

Siberian mythology Chebeldei, Kul

Slavic mythology Crnobog, Flins, Marzana, Nyia, Veles (god)

Sumerian mythology Edimmu, Ekimmu, Endukugga, Enmesarra, Ereshkigal, Gidim, Gula, Irkalla, Kur, Namtar, Nergal, Neti, Nindukugga, Ninlil, Urshanabi, Ziusudra

Syrian mythology Reshep

Tamil mythology Cur

Thracian mythology Heros

Turkic mythology Erlik

Vodou Baron Cimetière, Baron La Croix, Baron Samedi, Ghede, Maman Brigitte, Marassa Jumeaux

Wagawaga mythology Tumudurere

Yoruba mythology Esu, Oya

Yurak mythology Nga

Zuni mythology Uhepono

See also[edit]

Otherworld World Tree
World Tree
— A tree that connects the heavens, the earth, and the underworld in a number of spiritual belief systems

References[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hell.

^ "Underworld". The free dictionary. Retrieved 1 July 2010. 

v t e

Underworlds

Aztec mythology

Mictlan

Buddhism

Naraka

Chinese mythology

Diyu

Persian mythology

Duzakh

Christianity

Lake of fire Outer darkness Purgatory Limbo Hades Hell Christian
Christian
views on Hell

Ancient Egyptian religion

Duat

Germanic and Norse paganism

Hel(heim) Náströnd Niflheim Niflhel

Greek and Roman mythology

Asphodel Meadows Elysium Erebus Fortunate Isles Hades Orcus Tartarus

Hinduism

Naraka Patala

Islam

Barzakh Jahannam

Irish mythology

Tech Duinn Tír na nÓg

Jainism

Naraka

Judaism

Abaddon Azazel Dudael Gehenna Sheol Tehom Tophet Tzoah Rotachat

Maya mythology

Xibalba

Mesopotamian mythology

Irkalla

Slavic mythology

Nav

Shinto

Yomi

Sumerian mythology

Kur

Turkic-Mongolian

Erlik

Welsh mythology

.