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Euzko Gudarostea
Euzko Gudarostea
(modern spelling: Eusko Gudarostea, "Basque army") was the name of the army commanded by the Basque Government
Basque Government
during the Spanish civil war. It was formed by Basque nationalists, socialists, communists and anarchists under the direction of lehendakari José Antonio Aguirre and coordinating with the army of the Second Spanish Republic. It fought the troops of Francisco Franco
Francisco Franco
during 1936 and 1937. It surrendered to the Italian Corpo Truppe Volontarie
Corpo Truppe Volontarie
at Santoña
Santoña
(province of Cantabria), while the rest of the Republican army kept fighting until 1939. This event is called the Santoña Agreement, Pact of Santoña, or Treason of Santoña
Santoña
by some Spanish leftists. Gudari[edit] The Basque word for a soldier, gudari (plural gudariak), is a neologism (from guda, "war", thus meaning "warrior" literally). The Standard Basque word is the Romance-derived soldadu.[1] Like other Basque nationalist
Basque nationalist
neologisms (ikurriña, lendakari), the meaning of gudari has been restricted to Basque concepts. The Basque word for an army is the Romance-derived armada.

PNV members celebrate the Gudari Eguna.

Members of ETA shoot salvoes in the Gudari Eguna.

The members of the Basque militant ETA consider themselves gudariak continuing the struggle of the Civil War Basque soldiers. This is contested by those war veterans that support the Basque Nationalist Party (PNV), Spanish Socialist Workers' Party
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party
or Communist Party. The Gudari Eguna ("warrior day") is thus celebrated separately:

by ETA supporters on 27 September, remembering the date (1975) of the execution of Jon Paredes, a.k.a. Txiki in Cerdanyola del Vallès, Barcelona, and Ángel Otaegui in Burgos.[2] by PNV supporters on 9 November since 1937.[3]

See also[edit]

Basque Auxiliary Navy Ertzaintza,[4] the wartime police under the Basque government. Eusko Gudariak, the anthem of the Basque soldiers. Lepoan hartu, a song by Telesforo de Monzón
Telesforo de Monzón
about taking the corpse of a fellow soldier and going on.

References[edit]

^ Hiztegia 3000. ^ Gara: 27-IX-75: El día en que Franco gastó sus últimas balas Archived 2005-12-26 at the Wayback Machine.. ^ PNV press release: Arzalluz acudirá el domingo al Gudari Eguna en Bilbao (2003/11/09) ^ Ertzaina 1936, Museo Policia Vasca

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