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v t e

Eurostat
Eurostat
is a Directorate-General
Directorate-General
of the European Commission
European Commission
located in Luxembourg. Its main responsibilities are to provide statistical information to the institutions of the European Union
European Union
(EU) and to promote the harmonisation of statistical methods across its member states and candidates for accession as well as EFTA countries. The organisations in the different countries that cooperate with Eurostat are summarised under the concept of the European Statistical System.

Contents

1 Organisation 2 History 3 Directors General 4 Regulations 5 Main areas of statistical activities

5.1 Geographical scope

6 Access to Eurostat
Eurostat
statistics 7 Statistical data for research purposes 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

Organisation[edit] Eurostat
Eurostat
operates pursuant to Regulation (EC) No 223/2009. As a Directorate-General
Directorate-General
of the Commission, Eurostat
Eurostat
is allocated to the portfolio of the European Commissioner
European Commissioner
for Employment, Social Affairs, Skills and Labour Mobility, a position occupied as of April 2015[update] by Marianne Thyssen.[1] The acting Director-General
Director-General
of Eurostat
Eurostat
is As of January 2017[update] Mariana Kotzeva, former Deputy Director-General
Director-General
of Eurostat
Eurostat
and President of the National Statistical Institute of Bulgaria.[2] History[edit]

This section is in a list format that may be better presented using prose. You can help by converting this section to prose, if appropriate. Editing help is available. (October 2012)

1953 The Statistics Division for the European Coal and Steel Community established. 1958 The European Community founded and the forerunner of Eurostat established. 1959 The present name of Eurostat
Eurostat
as the Statistical Office of the European Communities adopted. First publication issued - on agricultural statistics. 1960 First Community Labour Force Survey. 1970 The European System of Integrated Economic Accounts (European System of Accounts, ESA) published and the general Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community (NACE) established. 1974 First domain in the statistical database Cronos databank installed. 1988 European Commission
European Commission
adopts a document defining the first policy for statistical information. 1989 The Statistical Programme Committee established and the first programme (1989–1992) adopted by the Council
Council
as an instrument for implementing statistical information policy. 1990 The Council
Council
adopts a directive on transmission of confidential data to Eurostat, previously an obstacle to Community statistical work. 1991 Eurostat’s role extended as a result of the agreement on establishment of the European Economic Area
European Economic Area
and adoption of the Maastricht Treaty. 1993 The single market extends Eurostat’s activities e.g. Intrastat established for statistics on intra-EU trade. Eurostat
Eurostat
starts issuing regular news releases. 1994 First European household panel held, analysing income, employment, poverty, social exclusion, households, health, etc. 1997 Statistics added for the first time to the Treaty of Amsterdam and the Statistical Law approved by the Council. Harmonised Indices of Consumer Prices HICP published for the first time - designed for Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union
European Union
(EMU) convergence criteria. 1998 The eleven countries in at the start of EMU (EUR-11) announced, and Eurostat
Eurostat
issues the first indicators specific to the EMU area. 1999 Start of EMU, 1 January 2001. 2001 In April, Eurostat, in collaboration with five other international organisations (APEC, IAE, OLADE, OPEC, UNSD) launched the Joint Oil Data Exercise, which in 2005 became the Joint Organisations Data Initiative (JODI). 2002 Start of the Euro
Euro
on 1 January, Eurostat
Eurostat
supplies key statistics for monetary policy. 2003 Irregularities were suspected in Eurostat, see Eurostat
Eurostat
scandal. 2004 Start of free-of-charge dissemination of all statistical data except microdata for research purposes. 2005 Commission Recommendation on the independence, integrity and Accountability of the National and Community Statistical Authorities (European Statistics Code of Practice) 2005 Start of a three-year peer review exercise across the European Statistical System to monitor compliance with the Code of Practice. 2007 The currently valid five-year Statistical Programme 2008-2012 was adopted. 2009 New European Regulation governing statistical cooperation in the European Union
European Union
was adopted. 2010 Following strong criticism, from within the EU and otherwise, of how it had handled inaccurate[vague] data regarding Greece, Eurostat published a report[3] to try to rectify its procedures. The European Commission proposes powers for Eurostat
Eurostat
to audit the books of national governments in response to the Greek government-debt crisis.[4] 2011 Revision of European Statistics Code of Practice by the European Statistical System Committee.[5]

Directors General[edit]

Name Nationality Term

Rolf Wagenführ  West Germany 1952–1966

Raymond Dumas  France 1966–1973

Jacques Mayer  France 1973–1977

Aage Dornonville de la Cour  Denmark 1977–1982

Pieter de Geus  Netherlands 1982–1984

Silvio Ronchetti  Italy 1984–1987

Yves Franchet  France 1987–2003

Michel Vanden Abeele  Belgium 2003–2004

Günther Hanreich  Austria 2004–2006

Hervé Carré  France 2006–2008

Walter Radermacher (de)  Germany 2008–2016

Mariana Kotzeva (acting)  Bulgaria 2017–present

Regulations[edit] The Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 of the European Parliament
European Parliament
and of the Council
Council
of 11 March 2009 on European statistics establishes the legal framework for the European statistics[6]. Amending Regulation (EU) 759/2015 clarifies that heads of NSIs coordinate national level activities for European statistics and decide on processes, methods, standards and procedures of their respective statistics.[7]. Previous Eurostat
Eurostat
regulations were a Decision on Eurostat (2012/504/EU), and the earlier Decision on Eurostat
Eurostat
(97/281/EC). Main areas of statistical activities[edit] The Eurostat
Eurostat
statistical work is structured into Themes and Sub-themes.

EU Policy Indicators

Structural Indicators Euro
Euro
indicators/ Principal European Economic Indicators (PEEI) Sustainable Development Indicators

General and regional statistics

Regions and cities International Co-operation Co-operation with Mediterranean countries-MEDSTAT programme Candidate and potential candidate countries

Economy and finance

National accounts (including GDP) ESA 95 Input-Output tables European sector accounts Government finance statistics Financial accounts Exchange rates Interest rates Monetary and other financial statistics Harmonised Indices of Consumer Prices (HICP) Balance of payments

Population and social conditions

Population Health (Public health/ Health and safety at work) Education and training Labour market (including LFS - Labour Force Survey) Living conditions and social protection Crime and criminal justice Culture

Industry, trade and services

Structural business statistics Short-term business statistics Tourism Manufactured goods (Prodcom) Information society

Agriculture and fisheries

Agriculture Forestry Fisheries Food: from farm to fork

External trade Transport

Environment and energy

Environment Energy

Science and technology

General statistical activities related to the European Statistical system are:

Coordination and governance of the European Statistical System Statistical methodological coordination and research Statistical quality and reporting

Geographical scope[edit] Currently Eurostat
Eurostat
data are aggregated at EU-28 level, known as EU-28. While Brexit
Brexit
is planned for 29 March 2019, it is expected that after the Brexit
Brexit
date they will be computed for the EU-27 only as the Brexit will make the UK to be a third country. Nonetheless, to avoid confusion with the previous EU-27 group of 27 member state — which was used in series of statistical data before the accession on the member state number 28 — another name for the future EU 27 — without UK — might be defined after, according to Eurostat[8]. The concept of EU 28 is used from 1st January 2014, also according to Eurostat
Eurostat
Methodological manual on city statistics 2017 edition.

Local data are also computed at NUTS level. Access to Eurostat
Eurostat
statistics[edit] The most important statistics are made available via press releases. They are placed on the Eurostat
Eurostat
website at 11:00 in the morning. This is also the time that the press release content may be distributed to the public by press agencies. Eurostat
Eurostat
disseminates its statistics free of charge via its Internet and its statistical databases that are accessible via the Internet. The statistics are hierarchically ordered in a navigation tree. Tables are distinguished from multi-dimensional datasets from which the statistics are extracted via an interactive tool. In addition various printed publications are available either in electronic form free on the internet or in printed form via the EU Bookshop. Only larger publications are charged for as printed copies. Since September 2009 Eurostat
Eurostat
has pioneered a fully electronical way of publishing, Statistics Explained,[9] like based on Mediawiki open source software and with a largely similar structure and navigation. Statistics Explained is not only a dissemination format, however, but also a wiki working platform for producing flagship publications like the Eurostat
Eurostat
Yearbook.[10] Ireland now has the lowest tax-to-GDP measure across 30 European countries, new figures from Eurostat
Eurostat
have shown. The metric is calculated by dividing the tax revenue collected by the Government from the gross domestic product (GDP). Statistical data for research purposes[edit] Microdata, which in principle allows the identification of the statistical unit (e.g. a person in the labour force survey or a company for innovation statistics), is treated as strictly confidential. Under tight security procedures various anonymised datasets are provided to research institutions for validated research projects. See also[edit]

EU Open Data Portal Eurobarometer European Forum for GeoStatistics Larger urban zone

References[edit]

^ "Commissioner Marianne Thyssen". Ec.europa.eu. 2014-11-01. Retrieved 2015-04-09.  ^ Eurostat>MEET OUR ACTING DIRECTOR-GENERAL ^ [1] Archived October 8, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Castle, Stephen; Saltmarsh, Matthew (15 February 2010). "Greece Pressed to Take Action on Economic Woes". The New York Times. … the European Commission
European Commission
proposed powers for Eurostat
Eurostat
to audit the books of national governments  ^ "European Statistics Code of Practice". eurostat. Archived from the original on 2011-05-20.  ^ http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php/Eurostat_and_the_European_Statistical_System ^ http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php/Eurostat_and_the_European_Statistical_System ^ http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/documents/3859598/8012444/KS-GQ-17-006-EN-N.pdf/a3f1004f-cfae-4cc4-87da-81d588d67ae2 ^ "Statistics Explained". Epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu. Retrieved 2012-10-18.  ^ [2] Archived August 12, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]

Official website [3] - wiki-based encyclopaedia / glossary / portal for EU statistics EU Open Data Portal Health-EU Portal
Portal
the official public health portal of the European Union Eurostat->Matlab Automated data importing tool from Eurostat
Eurostat
to Matlab

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