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Eurostat is a
Directorate-General of the
European Commission located
in Luxembourg. Its main responsibilities are to provide statistical
information to the institutions of the
European Union (EU) and to
promote the harmonisation of statistical methods across its member
states and candidates for accession as well as EFTA countries. The
organisations in the different countries that cooperate with Eurostat
are summarised under the concept of the European Statistical System.
3 Directors General
5 Main areas of statistical activities
5.1 Geographical scope
6 Access to
7 Statistical data for research purposes
8 See also
10 External links
Eurostat operates pursuant to Regulation (EC) No 223/2009. As a
Directorate-General of the Commission,
Eurostat is allocated to the
portfolio of the
European Commissioner for Employment, Social Affairs,
Skills and Labour Mobility, a position occupied as of April
2015[update] by Marianne Thyssen.
Eurostat is As of January 2017[update]
Mariana Kotzeva, former Deputy
President of the National Statistical Institute of Bulgaria.
This section is in a list format that may be better presented using
prose. You can help by converting this section to prose, if
appropriate. Editing help is available. (October 2012)
1953 The Statistics Division for the European Coal and Steel Community
1958 The European Community founded and the forerunner of Eurostat
1959 The present name of
Eurostat as the Statistical Office of the
European Communities adopted. First publication issued - on
1960 First Community Labour Force Survey.
1970 The European System of Integrated Economic Accounts (European
System of Accounts, ESA) published and the general Statistical
Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community (NACE)
1974 First domain in the statistical database Cronos databank
European Commission adopts a document defining the first policy
for statistical information.
1989 The Statistical Programme Committee established and the first
programme (1989–1992) adopted by the
Council as an instrument for
implementing statistical information policy.
Council adopts a directive on transmission of confidential
data to Eurostat, previously an obstacle to Community statistical
1991 Eurostat’s role extended as a result of the agreement on
establishment of the
European Economic Area
European Economic Area and adoption of the
1993 The single market extends Eurostat’s activities e.g. Intrastat
established for statistics on intra-EU trade.
Eurostat starts issuing
regular news releases.
1994 First European household panel held, analysing income,
employment, poverty, social exclusion, households, health, etc.
1997 Statistics added for the first time to the Treaty of Amsterdam
and the Statistical Law approved by the Council. Harmonised Indices of
HICP published for the first time - designed for
Economic and Monetary Union of the
European Union (EMU) convergence
1998 The eleven countries in at the start of EMU (EUR-11) announced,
Eurostat issues the first indicators specific to the EMU area.
1999 Start of EMU, 1 January 2001.
2001 In April, Eurostat, in collaboration with five other
international organisations (APEC, IAE, OLADE, OPEC, UNSD) launched
the Joint Oil Data Exercise, which in 2005 became the Joint
Organisations Data Initiative (JODI).
2002 Start of the
Euro on 1 January,
Eurostat supplies key statistics
for monetary policy.
2003 Irregularities were suspected in Eurostat, see
2004 Start of free-of-charge dissemination of all statistical data
except microdata for research purposes.
2005 Commission Recommendation on the independence, integrity and
Accountability of the National and Community Statistical Authorities
(European Statistics Code of Practice)
2005 Start of a three-year peer review exercise across the European
Statistical System to monitor compliance with the Code of Practice.
2007 The currently valid five-year Statistical Programme 2008-2012 was
2009 New European Regulation governing statistical cooperation in the
European Union was adopted.
2010 Following strong criticism, from within the EU and otherwise, of
how it had handled inaccurate[vague] data regarding Greece, Eurostat
published a report to try to rectify its procedures. The European
Commission proposes powers for
Eurostat to audit the books of national
governments in response to the Greek government-debt crisis.
2011 Revision of European Statistics Code of Practice by the European
Statistical System Committee.
Aage Dornonville de la Cour
Pieter de Geus
Michel Vanden Abeele
Walter Radermacher (de)
Mariana Kotzeva (acting)
The Regulation (EC) No 223/2009 of the
European Parliament and of the
Council of 11 March 2009 on European statistics establishes the legal
framework for the European statistics.
Amending Regulation (EU) 759/2015 clarifies that heads of NSIs
coordinate national level activities for European statistics and
decide on processes, methods, standards and procedures of their
Eurostat regulations were a Decision on Eurostat
(2012/504/EU), and the earlier Decision on
Main areas of statistical activities
Eurostat statistical work is structured into Themes and
EU Policy Indicators
Euro indicators/ Principal European Economic Indicators (PEEI)
Sustainable Development Indicators
General and regional statistics
Regions and cities
Co-operation with Mediterranean countries-MEDSTAT programme
Candidate and potential candidate countries
Economy and finance
National accounts (including GDP)
ESA 95 Input-Output tables
European sector accounts
Government finance statistics
Monetary and other financial statistics
Harmonised Indices of Consumer Prices (HICP)
Balance of payments
Population and social conditions
Health (Public health/ Health and safety at work)
Education and training
Labour market (including LFS - Labour Force Survey)
Living conditions and social protection
Crime and criminal justice
Industry, trade and services
Structural business statistics
Short-term business statistics
Manufactured goods (Prodcom)
Agriculture and fisheries
Food: from farm to fork
Environment and energy
Science and technology
General statistical activities related to the European Statistical
Coordination and governance of the European Statistical System
Statistical methodological coordination and research
Statistical quality and reporting
Eurostat data are aggregated at EU-28 level, known as EU-28.
Brexit is planned for 29 March 2019, it is expected that after
Brexit date they will be computed for the EU-27 only as the Brexit
will make the UK to be a third country. Nonetheless, to avoid
confusion with the previous EU-27 group of 27 member state — which
was used in series of statistical data before the accession on the
member state number 28 — another name for the future EU 27 —
without UK — might be defined after, according to Eurostat. The
concept of EU 28 is used from 1st January 2014, also according to
Eurostat Methodological manual on city statistics 2017 edition.
Local data are also computed at NUTS level.
The most important statistics are made available via press releases.
They are placed on the
Eurostat website at 11:00 in the morning. This
is also the time that the press release content may be distributed to
the public by press agencies.
Eurostat disseminates its statistics free of charge via its Internet
and its statistical databases that are accessible via the Internet.
The statistics are hierarchically ordered in a navigation tree. Tables
are distinguished from multi-dimensional datasets from which the
statistics are extracted via an interactive tool.
In addition various printed publications are available either in
electronic form free on the internet or in printed form via the EU
Bookshop. Only larger publications are charged for as printed copies.
Since September 2009
Eurostat has pioneered a fully electronical way
of publishing, Statistics Explained, like based on
Mediawiki open source software and with a largely similar structure
and navigation. Statistics Explained is not only a dissemination
format, however, but also a wiki working platform for producing
flagship publications like the
Ireland now has the lowest tax-to-GDP measure across 30 European
countries, new figures from
Eurostat have shown. The metric is
calculated by dividing the tax revenue collected by the Government
from the gross domestic product (GDP).
Statistical data for research purposes
Microdata, which in principle allows the identification of the
statistical unit (e.g. a person in the labour force survey or a
company for innovation statistics), is treated as strictly
confidential. Under tight security procedures various anonymised
datasets are provided to research institutions for validated research
EU Open Data Portal
European Forum for GeoStatistics
Larger urban zone
^ "Commissioner Marianne Thyssen". Ec.europa.eu. 2014-11-01. Retrieved
^ Eurostat>MEET OUR ACTING DIRECTOR-GENERAL
^  Archived October 8, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
^ Castle, Stephen; Saltmarsh, Matthew (15 February 2010). "Greece
Pressed to Take Action on Economic Woes". The New York Times. … the
European Commission proposed powers for
Eurostat to audit the books of
^ "European Statistics Code of Practice". eurostat. Archived from the
original on 2011-05-20.
^ "Statistics Explained". Epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu. Retrieved
^  Archived August 12, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
 - wiki-based encyclopaedia / glossary / portal for EU statistics
EU Open Data Portal
Portal the official public health portal of the European
Eurostat->Matlab Automated data importing tool from
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Eurostat.
Coordinates: 49°37′59″N 6°10′13″E / 49.6330°N
6.1702°E / 49.6330; 6.1702