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EUROSTAT is a Directorate-General of the European Commission located in Luxembourg . Its main responsibilities are to provide statistical information to the institutions of the European Union
European Union
(EU) and to promote the harmonisation of statistical methods across its member states and candidates for accession as well as EFTA countries. The organisations in the different countries that cooperate with Eurostat are summarised under the concept of the European Statistical System.

CONTENTS

* 1 Organisation * 2 History * 3 Directors General * 4 Main areas of statistical activities * 5 Access to Eurostat
Eurostat
statistics * 6 Statistical data for research purposes * 7 See also * 8 References * 9 External links

ORGANISATION

Eurostat
Eurostat
operates pursuant to Regulation (EC) No 223/2009. As a Directorate-General of the Commission, Eurostat
Eurostat
is allocated to the portfolio of the European Commissioner for Employment, Social Affairs, Skills and Labour Mobility , a position occupied as of April 2015 by Marianne Thyssen .

The acting Director-General of Eurostat
Eurostat
is As of January 2017 Mariana Kotzeva , former Deputy Director-General of Eurostat
Eurostat
and President of the National Statistical Institute of Bulgaria .

HISTORY

_ This section IS IN A LIST FORMAT THAT MAY BE BETTER PRESENTED USING PROSE . You can help by converting this section to prose, if appropriate . Editing help is available. (October 2012)_

* 1953 The Statistics Division for the European Coal and Steel Community established. * 1958 The European Community founded and the forerunner of Eurostat established. * 1959 The present name of Eurostat
Eurostat
as the Statistical Office of the European Communities adopted. First publication issued - on agricultural statistics. * 1960 First Community Labour Force Survey . * 1970 The European System of Integrated Economic Accounts (European System of Accounts , ESA) published and the general Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community (NACE) established. * 1974 First domain in the statistical database Cronos databank installed. * 1988 European Commission adopts a document defining the first policy for statistical information. * 1989 The Statistical Programme Committee established and the first programme (1989–1992) adopted by the Council as an instrument for implementing statistical information policy. * 1990 The Council adopts a directive on transmission of confidential data to Eurostat, previously an obstacle to Community statistical work. * 1991 Eurostat’s role extended as a result of the agreement on establishment of the European Economic Area and adoption of the Maastricht Treaty . * 1993 The single market extends Eurostat’s activities e.g. Intrastat established for statistics on intra-EU trade. Eurostat starts issuing regular news releases. * 1994 First European household panel held, analysing income, employment, poverty, social exclusion, households, health, etc. * 1997 Statistics added for the first time to the Treaty of Amsterdam and the Statistical Law approved by the Council. Harmonised Indices of Consumer Prices HICP published for the first time - designed for Economic and Monetary Union of the European Union
European Union
(EMU) convergence criteria. * 1998 The eleven countries in at the start of EMU (EUR-11) announced, and Eurostat
Eurostat
issues the first indicators specific to the EMU area. * 1999 Start of EMU, 1 January 2001. * 2001 In April, Eurostat, in collaboration with five other international organisations (APEC, IAE, OLADE, OPEC, UNSD) launched the Joint Oil Data Exercise, which in 2005 became the Joint Organisations Data Initiative (JODI). * 2002 Start of the Euro
Euro
on 1 January, Eurostat
Eurostat
supplies key statistics for monetary policy. * 2003 Irregularities were suspected in Eurostat, see Eurostat scandal . * 2004 Start of free-of-charge dissemination of all statistical data except microdata for research purposes. * 2005 Commission Recommendation on the independence, integrity and Accountability of the National and Community Statistical Authorities (European Statistics Code of Practice) * 2005 Start of a three-year peer review exercise across the European Statistical System to monitor compliance with the Code of Practice. * 2007 The currently valid five-year Statistical Programme 2008-2012 was adopted. * 2009 New European Regulation governing statistical cooperation in the European Union
European Union
was adopted. * 2010 Following strong criticism, from within the EU and otherwise, of how it had handled inaccurate data regarding Greece, Eurostat published a report to try to rectify its procedures. The European Commission proposes powers for Eurostat
Eurostat
to audit the books of national governments in response to the Greek government-debt crisis
Greek government-debt crisis
. * 2011 Revision of European Statistics Code of Practice by the European Statistical System Committee.

DIRECTORS GENERAL

NAME NATIONALITY TERM

Rolf Wagenführ West Germany 1952–1966

Raymond Dumas France
France
1966–1973

Jacques Mayer France
France
1973–1977

Aage Dornonville de la Cour Denmark
Denmark
1977–1982

Pieter de Geus Netherlands
Netherlands
1982–1984

Silvio Ronchetti Italy
Italy
1984–1987

Yves Franchet France
France
1987–2003

Michel Vanden Abeele Belgium
Belgium
2003–2004

Günther Hanreich Austria
Austria
2004–2006

Hervé Carré France
France
2006–2008

Walter Radermacher (de) Germany
Germany
2008–2016

Mariana Kotzeva (bg) Bulgaria
Bulgaria
2017–present

MAIN AREAS OF STATISTICAL ACTIVITIES

The Eurostat
Eurostat
statistical work is structured into Themes and Sub-themes.

EU POLICY INDICATORS

* Structural Indicators * Euro
Euro
indicators/ Principal European Economic Indicators (PEEI) * Sustainable Development Indicators

GENERAL AND REGIONAL STATISTICS

* Regions and cities * International Co-operation * Co-operation with Mediterranean countries-MEDSTAT programme * Candidate and potential candidate countries

ECONOMY AND FINANCE

* National accounts (including GDP) * ESA 95 Input-Output tables * European sector accounts * Government finance statistics * Financial accounts * Exchange rates * Interest rates * Monetary and other financial statistics * Harmonised Indices of Consumer Prices (HICP) * Balance of payments

POPULATION AND SOCIAL CONDITIONS

* Population * Health (Public health/ Health and safety at work) * Education and training * Labour market (including LFS - Labour Force Survey) * Living conditions and social protection * Crime and criminal justice * Culture

INDUSTRY, TRADE AND SERVICES

* Structural business statistics * Short-term business statistics * Tourism * Manufactured goods (Prodcom ) * Information society

AGRICULTURE AND FISHERIES

* Agriculture * Forestry * Fisheries * Food: from farm to fork

EXTERNAL TRADE TRANSPORT

ENVIRONMENT AND ENERGY

* Environment * Energy

SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

General statistical activities related to the European Statistical system are:

* Coordination and governance of the European Statistical System * Statistical methodological coordination and research * Statistical quality and reporting

ACCESS TO EUROSTAT STATISTICS

The most important statistics are made available via press releases. They are placed on the Eurostat
Eurostat
website at 11:00 in the morning. This is also the time that the press release content may be distributed to the public by press agencies.

Eurostat
Eurostat
disseminates its statistics free of charge via its Internet and its statistical databases that are accessible via the Internet. The statistics are hierarchically ordered in a navigation tree. Tables are distinguished from multi-dimensional datasets from which the statistics are extracted via an interactive tool.

In addition various printed publications are available either in electronic form free on the internet or in printed form via the EU Bookshop. Only larger publications are charged for as printed copies.

Since September 2009 Eurostat
Eurostat
has pioneered a fully electronical way of publishing, Statistics Explained, like based on Mediawiki open source software and with a largely similar structure and navigation. Statistics Explained is not only a dissemination format, however, but also a wiki working platform for producing flagship publications like the Eurostat
Eurostat
Yearbook.

Ireland now has the lowest tax-to-GDP measure across 30 European countries, new figures from Eurostat
Eurostat
have shown. The metric is calculated by dividing the tax revenue collected by the Government from the gross domestic product (GDP).

STATISTICAL DATA FOR RESEARCH PURPOSES

Microdata, which in principle allows the identification of the statistical unit (e.g. a person in the labour force survey or a company for innovation statistics), is treated as strictly confidential. Under tight security procedures various anonymised datasets are provided to research institutions for validated research projects.

SEE ALSO

* EU Open Data Portal * Eurobarometer * European Forum for GeoStatistics * Larger urban zone

REFERENCES

* ^ "Commissioner Marianne Thyssen". Ec.europa.eu. 2014-11-01. Retrieved 2015-04-09. * ^ Eurostat>MEET OUR ACTING DIRECTOR-GENERAL * ^ Archived October 8, 2013, at the Wayback Machine . * ^ Castle, Stephen; Saltmarsh, Matthew (15 February 2010). "Greece Pressed to Take Action on Economic Woes". _ The New York Times _. … the European Commission proposed powers for Eurostat
Eurostat
to audit the books of national governments * ^ "European Statistics Code of Practice". eurostat. Archived from the original on 2011-05-20. * ^ "Statistics Explained". Epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu. Retrieved 2012-10-18. * ^ Archived August 12, 2011, at the Wayback Machine .

EXTERNAL LINKS

* Official

.