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CONTINENTAL or MAINLAND EUROPE is the continuous continent of Europe excluding its surrounding islands. It can also be referred to ambiguously as the EUROPEAN CONTINENT—which can conversely mean the whole of Europe—and by Europeans, simply THE CONTINENT.

The most common definition of continental Europe
Europe
excludes continental islands , encompassing the Greek Islands
Greek Islands
, Cyprus
Cyprus
, Malta
Malta
, Sicily
Sicily
, Sardinia
Sardinia
, Corsica
Corsica
, the Balearic Islands
Balearic Islands
, Ireland
Ireland
, Great Britain
Great Britain
, the Isle of Man
Isle of Man
, the Channel Islands
Channel Islands
, Novaya Zemlya
Novaya Zemlya
and the Danish archipelago, as well as nearby oceanic islands , including the Canary Islands , Madeira
Madeira
, the Azores
Azores
, Iceland
Iceland
, the Faroe Islands
Faroe Islands
, and Svalbard
Svalbard
.

The Scandinavian peninsula
Scandinavian peninsula
is sometimes also excluded, as even though it is technically part of "mainland Europe", the de facto connections to the rest of the continent are across the Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
or North Sea (rather than via the lengthy land route that involves travelling to the north of the peninsula where it meets Finland, and then south through north-east Europe).

The notion of Europe
Europe
as a geopolitical or cultural term is centred on CORE EUROPE (Kerneuropa), the continental territory of the historical Carolingian Empire
Carolingian Empire
and the core of Latin Christendom , corresponding to modern France
France
, Italy
Italy
, Germany
Germany
(or German-speaking Europe
Europe
) and the Benelux
Benelux
states (historical Austrasia
Austrasia
). This historical core of "Carolingian Europe" was consciously invoked in the 1950s as the historical ethno-cultural basis for the prospective European integration (see also Multi-speed Europe
Europe
).

CONTENTS

* 1 Use

* 1.1 Great Britain
Great Britain
and Ireland
Ireland
* 1.2 Scandinavia

* 2 Mediterranean and Atlantic islands * 3 See also * 4 References

USE

GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND

In both Great Britain
Great Britain
and Ireland
Ireland
, the Continent
Continent
is widely and generally used to refer to the mainland of Europe. An apocryphal British newspaper headline supposedly once read, "Fog in Channel ; Continent
Continent
Cut Off". It has also been claimed that this was a regular weather forecast in Britain in the 1930s. In addition, the word Europe
Europe
itself is also regularly used to mean Europe
Europe
excluding the islands of Great Britain, Iceland, and Ireland
Ireland
(although the term is often used to refer to the European Union
European Union
). The term mainland Europe is also sometimes used.

Derivatively, the adjective continental refers to the social practices or fashion of continental Europe. Examples include breakfast , topless sunbathing and, historically, long-range driving (before Britain had motorways ) often known as Grand Touring .. Differences include electrical plugs, time zones for the most part, the use of left-hand traffic , and for the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
, currency and the continued use of imperial units alongside metric.

Britain is physically connected to continental Europe
Europe
through the undersea Channel Tunnel
Channel Tunnel
(the longest undersea tunnel in the world), which accommodates both the Getlink
Getlink
(passenger and vehicle use – vehicle required) and Eurostar
Eurostar
(passenger use only) services. These services were established to transport passengers and vehicles through the tunnel on a 24/7 basis between England
England
and continental Europe, while still maintaining passport and immigration control measures on both sides of the tunnel. This route is popular with refugees and migrants seeking to enter the UK.

SCANDINAVIA

Map of the Scandiae islands by Nicolaus Germanus
Nicolaus Germanus
for a 1467 publication of Cosmographia Claudii Ptolomaei Alexandrini.

Especially in Germanic studies , continental refers to the European continent excluding the Scandinavian peninsula
Scandinavian peninsula
, Britain, Ireland, and Iceland.

The reason for this is that although the Scandinavian peninsula
Scandinavian peninsula
is attached to continental Europe, and accessible via a land route along the 66th parallel north , it is usually reached by sea.

Kontinenten (the Continent) is a vernacular Swedish expression that refers to the area excluding Sweden
Sweden
, Norway
Norway
, and Finland
Finland
but including Denmark
Denmark
(even the Danish archipelago ) and the rest of continental Europe. In Norway, similarly, one speaks about Kontinentet as a separate entity, usually referring to Germany
Germany
, France
France
, Italy
Italy
, Spain
Spain
, Portugal
Portugal
, the Benelux
Benelux
countries, and such.

Today, the Scandinavian peninsula
Scandinavian peninsula
is accessible by train and road with several bridge/tunnel structures connecting the Danish peninsula of Jutland
Jutland
to Scania
Scania
in Sweden.

MEDITERRANEAN AND ATLANTIC ISLANDS

The Continent
Continent
may sometimes refer to the continental part of Italy (excluding Sardinia
Sardinia
, Sicily
Sicily
, etc.), the continental part of Spain (excluding the Balearic islands
Balearic islands
, the Canary Islands
Canary Islands
, Alboran
Alboran
, etc.), the continental part of France
France
(excluding Corsica
Corsica
, etc.), the continental part of Portugal
Portugal
(excluding the Madeira
Madeira
and Azores islands), or the continental part of Greece (excluding the Ionian Islands , the Aegean Islands
Aegean Islands
, and Crete
Crete
). The term is used from the perspective of the island residents of each country to describe the continental portion of their country or the continent (or mainland ) as a whole.

SEE ALSO

* Continental philosophy
Continental philosophy
* Geopolitical divisions of Europe
Europe
* Geographical midpoint of Europe
Europe
* Mainland
Mainland
* Western Europe
Europe
* Hajnal line
Hajnal line

REFERENCES

* ^ "Merriam Webster dictionary definition". * ^ Marc Trachtenberg, Between Empire and Alliance: America and Europe
Europe
During the Cold War (2003), p 67. Adrian Hyde-Price, Germany and European Order: Enlarging NATO
NATO
and the EU (2000), p. 128. * ^ Oakley, Robin (April 19, 2005). " Europe
Europe
no star as election issue". CNN. Retrieved April 30, 2010. * ^ Fog in Channel? (book) * ^ Fraser, Douglas (August 15, 2011). "Britain pushes hard choices for Europe\'s hard core". BBC News. * ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-33709244

* v * t * e

Europe
Europe
articles

HISTORY

CHRONOLOGY

* Prehistory * Classical antiquity
Classical antiquity
* Late antiquity
Late antiquity
* Middle Ages
Middle Ages
* Early modernity * World War I border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* Military

* Sovereignty

* predecessor states

GEOGRAPHY

* Areas and populations * Countries by area * Largest metropolitan areas * Cities * Extreme points * Geology * Islands * Lakes * Mountains * Rivers

* Sovereign states and dependent territories

* by population

* Villages

POLITICS

* Eurosphere
Eurosphere
* International organisations * Integration * Law * Politics * Post-Soviet Europe
Europe
* Transatlantic relations
Transatlantic relations

INTERGOVERNMENTAL

* Commonwealth of Independent States
Commonwealth of Independent States
(CIS) * Council of Europe
Europe
(CoE) * Collective Security Treaty Organisation (CSTO) * GUAM Organization * North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO)

* Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe
Europe
(OSCE)

* statistics

EUROPEAN UNION

* Economy

* relations * free trade agreements

* Education * European Economic Area
European Economic Area
(EEA) * European Neighbourhood Policy
European Neighbourhood Policy
(ENP) * European Union
European Union
Customs Union (EUCU) * Eurozone
Eurozone
* Foreign relations

* Members

* enlargement

* Politics * Schengen Area
Schengen Area
* Statistics * Visa policy

ECONOMY

* History * Financial (and social) rankings * Free trade areas * Energy * Telecommunications * Transport

INTERGOVERNMENTAL

* Central European Free Trade Agreement
Central European Free Trade