The EUROPEAN SYNCHROTRON RADIATION FACILITY (ESRF) is a joint
research facility situated in
Some 8,000 scientists visit this particle accelerator each year, conducting upwards of 2,000 experiments and producing around 1,800 scientific publications.
* 1 History * 2 General description * 3 Study results * 4 Access * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links
Inaugurated in September 1994, it has an annual budget of around 100 million euros, employs over 630 people and is host to more than 7,000 visiting scientists each year.
Top view of the ring
The ESRF physical plant consists of two main buildings: the experiment hall, containing the 844 metre circumference ring and forty tangential beamlines ; and a block of laboratories , preparation suites, and offices connected to the ring by a pedestrian bridge. The linear accelerator electron gun and smaller booster ring used to bring the beam to an operating energy of 6 GeV are constructed within the main ring. Until recently bicycles were provided for use indoors in the ring's circumferential corridor. Unfortunately they have been removed after some minor accidents. But even before this it was not possible to cycle continuously all the way around, since some of the beamlines exit the hall.
Research at the ESRF focuses, in large part, on the use of X-ray radiation in fields as diverse as protein crystallography , earth science , paleontology , materials science , chemistry and physics . Facilities such as the ESRF offer a flux, energy range and resolution unachievable with conventional (laboratory) radiation sources.
In 2014, ancient books destroyed by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 are read for the first time in the ESRF. These 1840 fragments were reduced to the status of charred cylinders.
In 2015, scientists from the
University of Sheffield have used the
ESRF’s X-rays to study the blue and white feathers of the
In July 2016, a team of
The ESRF site forms part of the "
The ESRF shares its site with several other institutions including the Institut Laue-Langevin (ILL) and the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL). The Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS) has an institute just across the road.
* ^ "Members and associates". ESRF.
* ^ nature.com 29 March 2016, 24 hours at the