European Movement International
European Movement International is a lobbying association that
coordinates the efforts of associations and national councils with the
goal of promoting European integration, and disseminating information
1.2 Secretaries General
3.1 International Associations
3.2 Supporting Members
3.3 National Councils
4 See also
6 External links
The origins of the European Movement date to July 1947, when the cause
of a united
Europe was being promoted by notables such as Duncan
Sandys in the form of the Anglo-French United European Movement (UEM).
The UEM acted as a platform for the co-ordination of the organisations
created in the wake of World War II. As a result of their efforts, the
congress of The Committee for the Co-ordination of the European
Movements took place in
Paris on 17 July 1947 incorporating "La Ligue
Européenne de Coopération Economique" (LECE), "l'Union Européenne
des Fédéralistes" (UEF), "l'Union Parlementaire Européenne" (UPE)
and the Anglo-French United European Movements. They met again on 10
November 1947 and changed their name to The Joint International
Committee for European Unity. They retained this name until after the
1948 Congress of The Hague.
Traditional European movement flag.
From 7 to 11 May 1948, 800 delegates from
Europe and observers from
Canada and the United States gathered in The Hague, the Netherlands
for the Congress of Europe. Organised by the International Committee
of the Movements for European Unity and presided over by Winston
Churchill, the Congress brought together representatives from across a
broad political spectrum, providing them with the opportunity to
discuss ideas about the development of European Union. Important
political figures such as Konrad Adenauer, Winston Churchill, Harold
Macmillan, Bertrand Russell, François Mitterrand, Paul-Henri Spaak,
Albert Coppé and
Altiero Spinelli took an active role in the congress
and a call was launched for a political, economic and monetary Union
of Europe. This landmark conference was to have a profound influence
on the shape of the European Movement, which was created soon
A proposed flag to replace the original federalist 'Green E'.
The European Movement was formally created on 25 October 1948, when
the Joint International Committee for European Unity decided to change
Duncan Sandys was elected
President and Léon Blum, Winston
Alcide De Gasperi
Alcide De Gasperi and
Paul-Henri Spaak were elected as
Honorary Presidents. The U.S. policy was to promote a United States of
Europe, and to this end the American Committee on United Europe
committee was used to discreetly funnel CIA funds to such
organisations as this.
The first major achievement of the European Movement was the setting
up of the Council of
Europe in May 1949. The European Movement was
also responsible for the creation of the College of
Europe in Bruges
and the European Center of Culture in Geneva. One of its major
functions during the 1950s through to the 1990s was the setting up of
think-tanks and a network of discussion groups across Europe, in
countries both democratic and Communist.
Since 1948, the European Movement has lobbied for further integration,
on numerous subjects. It worked in favour of the direct election of
European Parliament by all European citizens, in favour of the
Treaty on the
European Union (the Maastricht Treaty) and also for a
November 2011 to date
José María Gil-Robles
Valéry Giscard d'Estaing
Enrique Barón Crespo
Pier Virgilio Dastoli
Luigi Vittorio Majocchi
Robert Van Schendel
Georges Rebattet (London office)
Józef Retinger (
Paris office, from 11/1951 Brussel office)
The Movement's stated objective is to "contribute to the establishment
of a united, federal
Europe founded on the principles of peace,
democracy, liberty, solidarity, and respect for basic human rights. It
seeks to provide a structure to encourage and facilitate the active
participation of citizens and civil society organisations in the
development of a united Europe". Its various Councils and
Associations, under the co-ordination of the European Movement
International (EMI), work to influence major decision-makers across
European civil society - its multitudinous associations, governments,
politicians, political parties, enterprises, trade unions and
individual lobbyists - to achieve these ends. The Movement focuses its
attentions on seeking further integration in the political, social and
cultural arenas, using its network of lobbyists to achieve those ends.
The EM also works as a study and information group operating through
various projects and activities. It tries to involve larger segments
of the public in the European project by disseminating information on
European affairs and activities and getting them involved in its
The association attempts to remain pluralist, and integrates into its
management political personalities from both the Right and the Left.
The Movement's central office, located in Brussels, is headed up by a
President and six Vice-Presidents, all of whom usually hold
significant offices in the
European Union or other pan-European
organisations. Honorary Presidents, generally prominent European
politicians (for example Valéry Giscard d'Estaing), are also elected,
but hold no executive powers.
President of the EMI is Jo Leinen, MEP. The management of
the organisation is drawn from across Europe.
The EMI has several International Member Associations which come
together to craft a way forward for the European Union. These
include civil society organisations, business and trade unions, NGOs,
political parties, local authorities and academia.
College of Europe
The Kosovar Civil Society Foundation - KCSF
At national level there are National Councils in 39 countries,
organized in a very diverse way. In principle national councils of
all countries which are members of the Council of
Europe can join the
European Movement. Only on national level the EM has youth
Policy is formulated by a Board, the chairmanship of which is held by
the President. A 'Federal Assembly', made up of delegates from local
Movements throughout Europe, foments policies for the EMI and is in
charge of the organisation's Auditors. Several specialist committees,
devoted to the discussion of individual policies exist as well. The
current Political Committees are: More Democracy, Citizens’ Rights
and Freedom; Jobs, Competitiveness and Sustainable Growth; and Europe
in the World. Day-to-day office-work is performed by the staff, which
is led by a Secretary General, since 2015 Petros Fassoulas.
Current Members of the Board are: President: Jo Leinen;
Vice-presidents international organisations: Frédéric Vallier, Ugo
Ferruta, Eva Maydell; Vice-presidents national councils: Bernd
Hüttemann, Natasa Owens, Jean-Marie Cavada; Treasurer: Dries Callens;
Board members: Daniel Correa, Federica Sabbati, Christof-Sebastian
Klitz, Olivier Hinnekens, Christian Wenning, Jean Marie Beaupuy, Maja
Bobić, Noel Clehane, Aleksandra Kluczka, Roselyne Lefrançois,
Claudia Muttin, Katja Tuokko.
European Movement Belgium
European Movement in Finland
European Movement Germany
European Movement Ireland
European Movement UK
Politics of Europe
^ "European Movement International, Author at
Citizens For Europe". Citizensforeurope.eu. Retrieved
^ "Jo Leinen". Europarl.europa.eu. Retrieved 2016-02-05.
^ International Youth Secretariat (1953).
European Movement. NA: Charles Scribner's Sons. p. 22.
^ telegraph.co.uk: "Euro-federalists financed by US spy chiefs" 19 Sep
^ Friday 5th Feb 2016. "Greens join pro-European parties' network".
Euobserver.com. Retrieved 2016-02-05.
^ some councils are just consisting of individual members while
historically the "councils" consisted mainly of associations (e.g.
Italy, Germany, Spain)
^ Such as the Young European Movement UK, which are usually the
national sections of the
Young European Federalists
Young European Federalists (JEF). On European
level JEF is youth organisation of the Union of European Federalists.
^ See Homepage EMI
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Historical fonds of European Movement at the Historical Archives of