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The European Movement International
European Movement International
is a lobbying association that coordinates the efforts of associations and national councils with the goal of promoting European integration, and disseminating information about it.[3]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Presidents 1.2 Secretaries General

2 Philosophy 3 Organisation

3.1 International Associations 3.2 Supporting Members 3.3 National Councils 3.4 Board

4 See also 5 References 6 External links

History[edit] The origins of the European Movement date to July 1947, when the cause of a united Europe
Europe
was being promoted by notables such as Duncan Sandys in the form of the Anglo-French United European Movement (UEM). The UEM acted as a platform for the co-ordination of the organisations created in the wake of World War II. As a result of their efforts, the congress of The Committee for the Co-ordination of the European Movements took place in Paris
Paris
on 17 July 1947 incorporating "La Ligue Européenne de Coopération Economique" (LECE), "l'Union Européenne des Fédéralistes" (UEF), "l'Union Parlementaire Européenne" (UPE) and the Anglo-French United European Movements. They met again on 10 November 1947 and changed their name to The Joint International Committee for European Unity. They retained this name until after the 1948 Congress of The Hague.

Traditional European movement flag.

From 7 to 11 May 1948, 800 delegates from Europe
Europe
and observers from Canada and the United States gathered in The Hague, the Netherlands for the Congress of Europe. Organised by the International Committee of the Movements for European Unity and presided over by Winston Churchill, the Congress brought together representatives from across a broad political spectrum, providing them with the opportunity to discuss ideas about the development of European Union. Important political figures such as Konrad Adenauer, Winston Churchill, Harold Macmillan, Bertrand Russell, François Mitterrand, Paul-Henri Spaak, Albert Coppé
Albert Coppé
and Altiero Spinelli
Altiero Spinelli
took an active role in the congress and a call was launched for a political, economic and monetary Union of Europe. This landmark conference was to have a profound influence on the shape of the European Movement, which was created soon afterwards.

A proposed flag to replace the original federalist 'Green E'.

The European Movement was formally created on 25 October 1948, when the Joint International Committee for European Unity decided to change its name. Duncan Sandys
Duncan Sandys
was elected President
President
and Léon Blum, Winston Churchill, Alcide De Gasperi
Alcide De Gasperi
and Paul-Henri Spaak
Paul-Henri Spaak
were elected as Honorary Presidents. The U.S. policy was to promote a United States of Europe, and to this end the American Committee on United Europe committee was used to discreetly funnel CIA funds to such organisations as this.[4] The first major achievement of the European Movement was the setting up of the Council of Europe
Europe
in May 1949. The European Movement was also responsible for the creation of the College of Europe
Europe
in Bruges and the European Center of Culture in Geneva. One of its major functions during the 1950s through to the 1990s was the setting up of think-tanks and a network of discussion groups across Europe, in countries both democratic and Communist. Since 1948, the European Movement has lobbied for further integration, on numerous subjects. It worked in favour of the direct election of the European Parliament
European Parliament
by all European citizens, in favour of the Treaty on the European Union
European Union
(the Maastricht Treaty) and also for a European Constitution. Presidents[edit]

Name Term

Jo Leinen November 2011 to date

Pat Cox 2005-2011

José María Gil-Robles 1999-2005

Mário Soares 1997-1999

Valéry Giscard d'Estaing 1989-1997

Enrique Barón Crespo 1987-1989

Giuseppe Petrilli 1981-1987

Georges Berthoin 1978-1981

Jean Rey 1974-1978

Walter Hallstein 1968-1974

Maurice Faure 1961-1968

Robert Schuman 1955-1961

Paul-Henri Spaak 1950-1955

Duncan Sandys 1948-1950

Secretaries General[edit]

Name Term

Petros Fassoulas 2015-present

Diogo Pinto 2009-2015

Henrik Kröner 2002-2009

Pier Virgilio Dastoli 1995-2001

Giampiero Orsello 1993-1995

Bob Molenaar 1987-1993

Luigi Vittorio Majocchi 1985-1987

Sjouke Jonker 1984

Thomas Jansen 1981-1983

Robert Van Schendel 1955-1980

Georges Rebattet (London office) 1948-1955

Józef Retinger
Józef Retinger
( Paris
Paris
office, from 11/1951 Brussel office) 1948-1950

Philosophy[edit] The Movement's stated objective is to "contribute to the establishment of a united, federal Europe
Europe
founded on the principles of peace, democracy, liberty, solidarity, and respect for basic human rights. It seeks to provide a structure to encourage and facilitate the active participation of citizens and civil society organisations in the development of a united Europe". Its various Councils and Associations, under the co-ordination of the European Movement International (EMI), work to influence major decision-makers across European civil society - its multitudinous associations, governments, politicians, political parties, enterprises, trade unions and individual lobbyists - to achieve these ends. The Movement focuses its attentions on seeking further integration in the political, social and cultural arenas, using its network of lobbyists to achieve those ends. The EM also works as a study and information group operating through various projects and activities. It tries to involve larger segments of the public in the European project by disseminating information on European affairs and activities and getting them involved in its projects. The association attempts to remain pluralist, and integrates into its management political personalities from both the Right and the Left. Organisation[edit] The Movement's central office, located in Brussels, is headed up by a President
President
and six Vice-Presidents, all of whom usually hold significant offices in the European Union
European Union
or other pan-European organisations. Honorary Presidents, generally prominent European politicians (for example Valéry Giscard d'Estaing), are also elected, but hold no executive powers. The current President
President
of the EMI is Jo Leinen, MEP. The management of the organisation is drawn from across Europe. International Associations[edit] The EMI has several International Member Associations which come together to craft a way forward for the European Union.[5] These include civil society organisations, business and trade unions, NGOs, political parties, local authorities and academia. Supporting Members[edit]

College of Europe Foundation Euractiv The Kosovar Civil Society Foundation - KCSF

National Councils[edit] At national level there are National Councils in 39 countries, organized in a very diverse way.[6] In principle national councils of all countries which are members of the Council of Europe
Europe
can join the European Movement. Only on national level the EM has youth branches.[7] Board[edit] Policy is formulated by a Board, the chairmanship of which is held by the President. A 'Federal Assembly', made up of delegates from local Movements throughout Europe, foments policies for the EMI and is in charge of the organisation's Auditors. Several specialist committees, devoted to the discussion of individual policies exist as well. The current Political Committees are: More Democracy, Citizens’ Rights and Freedom; Jobs, Competitiveness and Sustainable Growth; and Europe in the World. Day-to-day office-work is performed by the staff, which is led by a Secretary General, since 2015 Petros Fassoulas. Current Members of the Board are: President: Jo Leinen; Vice-presidents international organisations: Frédéric Vallier, Ugo Ferruta, Eva Maydell; Vice-presidents national councils: Bernd Hüttemann, Natasa Owens, Jean-Marie Cavada; Treasurer: Dries Callens; Board members: Daniel Correa, Federica Sabbati, Christof-Sebastian Klitz, Olivier Hinnekens, Christian Wenning, Jean Marie Beaupuy, Maja Bobić, Noel Clehane, Aleksandra Kluczka, Roselyne Lefrançois, Claudia Muttin, Katja Tuokko.[8] See also[edit]

European Integration European Movement Belgium European Movement in Finland European Movement Germany European Movement Ireland European Movement UK Politics of Europe

Europe
Europe
portal

References[edit]

^ "European Movement International, Author at Citizens
Citizens
For Europe : Citizens
Citizens
For Europe". Citizensforeurope.eu. Retrieved 2016-02-05.  ^ "Jo Leinen". Europarl.europa.eu. Retrieved 2016-02-05.  ^ International Youth Secretariat (1953). "European+Movement.+International+Youth+Secretariat"&dq=inauthor:"European+Movement.+International+Youth+Secretariat" European Movement. NA: Charles Scribner's Sons. p. 22.  ^ telegraph.co.uk: "Euro-federalists financed by US spy chiefs" 19 Sep 2000 ^ Friday 5th Feb 2016. "Greens join pro-European parties' network". Euobserver.com. Retrieved 2016-02-05.  ^ some councils are just consisting of individual members while historically the "councils" consisted mainly of associations (e.g. Italy, Germany, Spain) ^ Such as the Young European Movement UK, which are usually the national sections of the Young European Federalists
Young European Federalists
(JEF). On European level JEF is youth organisation of the Union of European Federalists. ^ See Homepage EMI

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to European Movement International.

Official website Historical fonds of European Movement at the Historical Archives of

.