HOME
The Info List - European Capital Of Culture


--- Advertisement ---



The European Capital of Culture
European Capital of Culture
is a city designated by the European Union (EU) for a period of one calendar year during which it organises a series of cultural events with a strong pan-European dimension. Preparing a European Capital of Culture
European Capital of Culture
can be an opportunity for the city to generate considerable cultural, social and economic benefits and it can help foster urban regeneration, change the city's image and raise its visibility and profile on an international scale. In 1985, Melina Mercouri, Greece’s minister of culture, and her French counterpart Jack Lang came up with the idea of designating an annual Capital of Culture to bring Europeans closer together by highlighting the richness and diversity of European cultures and raising awareness of their common history and values. The Commission of the European Union
European Union
manages the title and each year the Council of Ministers of the European Union
European Union
formally designates European Capitals of Culture: more than 40 cities have been designated so far.

Contents

1 Selection process 2 History 3 List of European Capitals of Culture 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Selection process[edit] An international panel of cultural experts is in charge of assessing the proposals of cities for the title according to criteria specified by the European Union. For two of the capitals each year, eligibility is open to cities in EU member states only. From 2021 and every three years thereafter, a third capital will been chosen from cities in countries that are candidates or potential candidates for membership, or in countries that are part of the European Economic Area
European Economic Area
(EEA)[1][2]- an example of the latter being Stavanger
Stavanger
in Norway, which was a European Capital of Culture in 2008. A 2004 study conducted for the Commission, known as the "Palmer report", demonstrated that the choice of European Capital of Culture served as a catalyst for the cultural development and the transformation of the city.[3] Consequently, the beneficial socio-economic development and impact for the chosen city are now also considered in determining the chosen cities. Bids from five United Kingdom
United Kingdom
cities to be the 2023 Capital of Culture were disqualified in November 2017, because by 2023 it is expected that the UK will no longer be an EU member[4] History[edit]

Valletta
Valletta
(Malta), the European Capital of Culture
European Capital of Culture
for 2018

Leeuwarden
Leeuwarden
(Netherlands) is the European Capital of Culture
European Capital of Culture
for 2018

The European Capital of Culture
European Capital of Culture
programme was initially called the European City of Culture and was conceived in 1983, by Melina Mercouri, then serving as minister of culture in Greece. Mercouri believed that at the time, culture was not given the same attention as politics and economics and a project for promoting European cultures within the member states should be pursued. The European City of Culture programme was launched in the summer of 1985 with Athens
Athens
being the first title-holder. During the German presidency of 1999, the European City of Culture programme was renamed the European Capital of Culture.[5]

List of European Capitals of Culture[edit]

European Capitals of Culture

Year # City Country Notes/Links

1985

Athens  Greece

1986

Florence  Italy

1987

Amsterdam  Netherlands

1988

Berlin  East Germany  West Berlin

1989

Paris  France

1990

Glasgow  United Kingdom

1991

Dublin  Ireland

1992

Madrid  Spain

1993

Antwerp  Belgium

1994

Lisbon  Portugal

1995

Luxembourg  Luxembourg

1996

Copenhagen  Denmark

1997

Thessaloniki  Greece

1998

Stockholm  Sweden

1999

Weimar  Germany

2000

Avignon  France The year 2000, called the millennium year, was treated by the European Union in a special way, in order to emphasize the enduring heritage and contribution of European cities to the achievements of world culture and civilization. Because of that, as many as nine locations were chosen, including two cities of states that were to join the EU on 1 May 2004.[6]

Bergen  Norway

Bologna  Italy

Brussels  Belgium

Helsinki  Finland

Kraków  Poland

Prague  Czech Republic

Reykjavík  Iceland

Santiago de Compostela  Spain

2001

Rotterdam  Netherlands

Porto  Portugal

2002

Bruges  Belgium

Salamanca  Spain

2003

Graz  Austria

2004

Genoa  Italy

Lille  France

2005

Cork  Ireland

2006

Patras  Greece

2007

Sibiu  Romania Sibiu
Sibiu
2007

Luxembourg  Luxembourg

2008

Liverpool  United Kingdom

Stavanger  Norway

2009

Vilnius  Lithuania

Linz  Austria Linz
Linz
2009

2010

Essen  Germany representing the Ruhr
Ruhr
as Ruhr.2010

Istanbul  Turkey

Pécs  Hungary Pécs
Pécs
2010

2011

Turku  Finland

Tallinn  Estonia

2012

Guimarães  Portugal

Maribor  Slovenia Maribor
Maribor
2012

2013

Marseille  France Marseille-Provence 2013

Košice  Slovakia

2014

Riga  Latvia

Umeå  Sweden Umeå
Umeå
2014

2015

Mons  Belgium Mons
Mons
2015

Plzeň  Czech Republic Plzeň
Plzeň
2015

2016

San Sebastián  Spain San Sebastián
San Sebastián
2016

Wrocław  Poland Wrocław
Wrocław
2016

2017

Aarhus  Denmark Aarhus
Aarhus
2017

Paphos  Cyprus Pafos 2017

2018

Leeuwarden  Netherlands Leeuwarden-Fryslân 2018

Valletta  Malta Valletta
Valletta
2018

2019

Matera  Italy Matera
Matera
2019

Plovdiv  Bulgaria Plovdiv
Plovdiv
2019

2020

Rijeka  Croatia Rijeka
Rijeka
2020

Galway  Ireland Galway
Galway
2020

2021 1 Timișoara[7]  Romania Timișoara
Timișoara
2021

2 Elefsina[8]  Greece Elefsina
Elefsina
2021

31 Novi Sad  Serbia Novi Sad
Novi Sad
2021

2022

Kaunas  Lithuania Kaunas
Kaunas
2022

Esch-sur-Alzette  Luxembourg Esch-sur-Alzette
Esch-sur-Alzette
2022

20232

TBA  Hungary shortlisted candidate cities:Debrecen,[9]Győr,[10]Veszprém[11] cancelled candidate cities: Gödöllő, Eger,[12] Miskolc,[13] Székesfehérvár, Tokaj,[14]

2024 1 TBA  Estonia potential candidate cities: Tartu, Narva

2 TBA  Austria bids until 31 December 2018[15]

31 TBA TBA bids until 10 October 2018[16]

2025

TBA  Slovenia

TBA tender to open in 2018[17]  Germany potential candidate cities: Bremen,[18] Chemnitz,[19] Dresden,[20] Frankfurt,[21] Halle/Saale,[22] Hildesheim,[23] Magdeburg,[24][25] Nürnberg[1],[26] Würzburg[27]

2026

TBA  Slovakia

TBA  Finland potential candidate cities: Mänttä-Vilppula

2027 1 TBA  Latvia

2 TBA  Portugal potential candidate cities: Aveiro, Leiria, Braga,[28] Faro, Évora, Ponta Delgada

31 TBA TBA

2028

TBA  Czech Republic

TBA  France potential candidate cities: Clermont-Ferrand

2029

TBA  Poland

TBA  Sweden

2030 1 TBA  Cyprus

2 TBA  Belgium potential candidate : Leuven,[29] Liège

31 TBA TBA

2031

TBA  Malta potential candidate: Tarxien, Cottonera, Sliema, & Gozo

TBA  Spain potential candidate cities: Cáceres, Granada

2032

TBA  Bulgaria

TBA  Denmark

2033 1 TBA  Netherlands

2 TBA  Italy

31 TBA TBA

1 A new framework makes it possible for a city in a candidate country or potential candidate for EU membership to hold the title every third year as of 2021. This will be selected through an open competition, meaning that cities from various countries may compete with each other.[30] 2 The European Capital of Culture
European Capital of Culture
was due to be in the UK in 2023. However, due to its decision to leave the European Union
European Union
in 2016, UK cities would no longer be eligible to hold the title after 2019. The European Commission’s Scotland office confirmed that this would be the case on 23 November 2017, only one week before the UK was due to announce which city would be put forward.[31] The candidate cities were Dundee,[32] Leeds, Milton Keynes,[33] Nottingham[34] and a joint bid from Northern Irish cities Belfast, Derry
Derry
and Strabane.[35] This caused anger amongst the UK candidate city's bidding teams due to the very short notice of the decision, and because of the amount of money they had already spent preparing their bids.

Athens

Florence

Amsterdam

Berlin

Paris

Glasgow

Dublin

Madrid

Antwerp

Lisbon

Luxembourg

Copenhagen

Thessaloniki

Stockholm

Weimar

Avignon

Bergen

Bologna

Brussels

Helsinki

Kraków

Prague

Reykjavík

Santiago de Compostela

Rotterdam

Porto

Bruges

Salamanca

Graz

Genoa

Lille

Cork

Patras

Sibiu

Liverpool

Stavanger

Vilnius

Linz

Ruhr

Istanbul

Pécs

Turku

Tallinn

Guimarães

Maribor

Košice

Marseille

Riga

Umeå

Mons

Plzeň

San Sebastián

Wrocław

Aarhus

Paphos

Valletta

Leeuwarden

Plovdiv

Matera

Rijeka

Galway

Novi Sad

Eleusis

Timișoara

Kaunas

Esch-sur-Alzette

Locations of European Capitals of Culture. Green designates current cities; red is for past cities; and blue for future cities.

See also[edit]

American Capital of Culture Arab Capital of Culture European Green Capital Award European Capital of Sport European Youth Capital

References[edit]

^ http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:32014D0445&from=EN ^ https://ec.europa.eu/programmes/creative-europe/sites/creative-europe/files/capitals-culture-candidates-guide_en.pdf ^ Palmer, Robert (2004) "European Cities and Capitals of Culture" Part I. Part II. Study prepared for the European Commission ^ " Brexit
Brexit
blow to UK 2023 culture crown bids". BBC
BBC
News. 23 November 2017. Retrieved 23 November 2017.  ^ Kiran Klaus Patel, ed., The Cultural Politics of Europe: European Capitals of Culture and European Union
European Union
since the 1980s (London: Routledge, 2013) ^ Association of European Cities of Culture of the Year 2000 ^ Selection of the European Capital of Culture
European Capital of Culture
in 2021 in Romania, The Selection Panel’s report Pre-Selection Stage ^ Elefsina
Elefsina
to be the European Capital of Culture
European Capital of Culture
in Greece
Greece
in 2021 ^ "2023-ban Európa Kulturális Fővárosa lehet Debrecen". haon.hu. 22 January 2016. Retrieved 25 June 2017.  ^ "Európa Kulturális Fővárosa 2023: Számítanak a győriek javaslataira - Győr Megyei Jogú Város Honlapja". Onkormanyzat.gyor.hu. Retrieved 25 June 2017.  ^ "Európa Kulturális Fővárosa 2023 Archívum - Veszprém Kukac". Veszpremkukac.hu. Retrieved 25 June 2017.  ^ "Európa Kulturális Fővárosa 2023: Eger
Eger
biztosan pályázik heol.hu Közélet Heves megyei hírek". heol.hu. 23 August 2016. Retrieved 25 June 2017.  ^ "Európa kulturális fővárosa: A jövőre vonatkozó elképzelések kellenek - Észak-Magyarország". Eszak.hu. 11 November 2016. Retrieved 25 June 2017.  ^ " Tokaj
Tokaj
kandidál az Európa Kulturális Fővárosa címre". Tokaj.hu. 20 June 2014. Retrieved 25 June 2017.  ^ "Europäische Kulturhauptstadt 2024 in Österreich". Bundeskanzleramt Österreich. Retrieved 14 October 2017.  ^ [citation needed] ^ "Kulturhauptstadt Europas 2025 - Festlegung der Grundzüge des nationalen Auswahlverfahrens" (PDF) (in German). Kultusministerkonferenz. 1 June 2017. Retrieved 25 December 2017.  ^ Kulturhauptstadt 2025 – soll Bremen
Bremen
es nochmal versuchen? Archived 5 February 2015 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Chemnitz will Europäische Kulturhauptstadt werden ^ Dresden
Dresden
will Kulturhauptstadt 2025 werden Archived 19 July 2015 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Frankfurt
Frankfurt
soll sich gemeinsam mit Offenbach bewerben ^ Halle will "Kulturhauptstadt Europas" werden ^ "Stadt Hildesheim
Hildesheim
- Tagung zum Thema „Kulturhauptstadt Europas 2025"". www.hildesheim.de. Retrieved 24 August 2016.  ^ "kulturhauptstadt werden" (in German). Kulturhauptstadt-werden.de. Retrieved 25 June 2017.  ^ Magdeburg
Magdeburg
als Europäische Kulturhauptstadt 2025 ^ Nürnberg bewirbt sich als Kulturhauptstadt Europas ^ Würzburger OB offen für Bewerbung Archived 4 July 2015 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "RUM". Rum.pt. Retrieved 25 June 2017.  ^ " Leuven
Leuven
stelt zich kandidaat als Europese Culturele Hoofdstad 2030". demorgen.be. Retrieved 17 December 2017.  ^ "European Capitals of Culture". European Union. 5 June 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2015.  ^ Brady, Jon (23 November 2017). " Brexit
Brexit
destroys Dundee's hopes of being European Capital of Culture
European Capital of Culture
in 2023". Evening Telegraph. Retrieved 23 November 2017.  ^ Lorimer, Scott. "The latest news and sport from Dundee, Tayside and Fife". Evening Telegraph. Retrieved 25 June 2017.  ^ " European Capital of Culture
European Capital of Culture
- Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
Council". www.milton-keynes.gov.uk. Retrieved 12 January 2016.  ^ https://www.nottingham2023.co.uk/ ^ Meredith, Robbie (5 July 2017). "NI councils make bid for European Capital of Culture title". BBC
BBC
News. BBC. Retrieved 5 July 2017. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to European Capital of Culture.

European Capitals of Culture Decision No 1622/2006/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 October 2006 establishing a Community action for the European Capital of Culture event for the years 2007 to 2019 Decision No 445/2014/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 April 2014 establishing a Union action for the European Capitals of Culture for the years 2020 to 2033 and repealing Decision No 1622/2006/EC European Cultural Capital Report 3 (2011) A report by Robert Palmer, Greg Richards and Diane Dodd. Association for Tourism and Leisure Education (ATLAS)

v t e

European Capitals of Culture

1985 Athens 1986 Florence 1987 Amsterdam 1988 West Berlin 1989 Paris 1990 Glasgow 1991 Dublin 1992 Madrid 1993 Antwerp 1994 Lisbon 1995 Luxembourg
Luxembourg
City 1996 Copenhagen 1997 Thessaloniki 1998 Stockholm 1999 Weimar 2000 Reykjavík Bergen Helsinki Brussels Prague Kraków Santiago de Compostela Avignon Bologna 2001 Rotterdam Porto 2002 Bruges Salamanca 2003 Graz Plovdiv 2004 Genoa Lille 2005 Cork 2006 Patras 2007 Luxembourg
Luxembourg
City and Greater Region Sibiu 2008 Liverpool Stavanger 2009 Linz Vilnius 2010 Ruhr Istanbul Pécs 2011 Turku Tallinn 2012 Maribor Guimarães 2013 Košice Marseille 2014 Umeå Riga 2015 Mons Plzeň 2016 San Sebastián Wrocław 2017 Aarhus Paphos 2018 Valletta Leeuwarden 2019 Plovdiv Matera 2020 Rijeka Galway 2021 Timișoara Elefsina Novi Sad 2022 Kaunas Esch-sur-Alzette

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 238111

.