HOME
The Info List - European Broadcasting Union


--- Advertisement ---



The European Broadcasting Union
European Broadcasting Union
(EBU; French: Union européenne de radio-télévision, UER) is an alliance of public service media organisations, established on 12 February 1950. The organisation is made up of 73 Members in 56 countries,[2] and 34 Associate Members from a further 20 countries.[3] It is best known for producing the Eurovision Song Contest. It also hosted debates between candidates for the European Commission
European Commission
presidency for the 2014 parliamentary elections but is unrelated to the institution itself.[4]

Contents

1 General description 2 History 3 Technical activities 4 Greek state broadcaster controversy of 2013 5 Members

5.1 Current Members 5.2 Past Members 5.3 Associate Members 5.4 Approved participant members

6 Organised events

6.1 Eurovision Song Contest 6.2 Let the Peoples Sing 6.3 Jeux Sans Frontières 6.4 Eurovision Young Musicians 6.5 Eurovision Young Dancers 6.6 Euroclassic Notturno 6.7 Junior Eurovision Song Contest 6.8 Eurovision Dance Contest 6.9 Eurovision Magic Circus Show 6.10 Eurovision Choir of the Year 6.11 European Sports Championships

7 See also 8 Notes and references

8.1 Notes 8.2 References

9 External links

General description[edit]

The classic opening ident that preceded all Eurovision network transmissions until 1993. The logotypes of both the sending and receiving company were shown in the middle. The pattern around the middle is based on the Flag of Europe. This sample shows the old logo of the BBC.

EBU Members are public service broadcasters whose output is made, financed and controlled by the public, for the public. PSM broadcasters are often established by law but are non-partisan, independent and run for the benefit of society as a whole. EBU Members come from as far north as Iceland
Iceland
and as far south as Egypt, from Ireland in the west and Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
in the east, and almost every nation from geographical Europe in between. Associate Members are from countries and territories beyond Europe, such as Canada, Japan, Mexico, India, and Hong Kong. Associate Members from the United States include ABC, CBS, NBC, the Corporation for Public Broadcasting and the only individual station, Chicago-based classical music station WFMT.[citation needed] Membership is for media organisations whose countries are within the European Broadcasting Area
European Broadcasting Area
(EBA), as defined by the International Telecommunication
Telecommunication
Union, or who are members of the Council of Europe.[5] Members benefit from:

Access to world-class content ranging from exclusive sports rights to exchanges for news, music and children's programmes A voice in Brussels and on international platforms lobbying for PSM and ensuring the optimal legal and technical framework Opportunities for sharing, learning and collaborating through conferences, working groups, training and dedicated advice and guidance A centre for learning and sharing new technology and innovation with a team of experts providing strategic advice and guidance.

The EBU's highest profile production is the Eurovision Song Contest. The EBU also organises the Eurovision Dance Contest, the Junior Eurovision Song Contest, the Eurovision Young Dancers
Eurovision Young Dancers
competition, and other competitions which are modelled along similar lines. Radio collaborations include Euroclassic Notturno – an overnight classical music stream, produced by BBC
BBC
Radio 3 and broadcast in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
as Through the Night – and special theme days, such as the annual Christmas music relays from around Europe.[6] The EBU is a member of the International Music Council. Most EBU broadcasters have group deals to carry major sporting events including the FIFA World Cup
FIFA World Cup
and the inaugural European Championships. Another annually recurring event which is broadcast across Europe through the EBU is the Vienna New Year's Concert.[7] Eurovision Media Services is the business arm of the EBU and provides first class media services for many media organisations and sport federations around the world. The theme music played before EBU broadcasts is Marc-Antoine Charpentier's Prelude to Te Deum. It is well known to Europeans as it is played before and after the Eurovision Song Contest
Eurovision Song Contest
and other important events.[8] History[edit]

This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (October 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

EBU logo used from 1993 to 2012.

The EBU was a successor to the International Broadcasting Union
International Broadcasting Union
(IBU) that was founded in 1925 and had its administrative headquarters in Geneva
Geneva
and technical office in Brussels. It fostered programming exchanges between members and mediated technical disputes between members that were mostly concerned with frequency and interference issues. It was in effect taken over by Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
during the Second World War and when the conflict ended in the eyes of the Allies it was a compromised organisation that they could not trust. In the spring of 1946, representatives of the Soviet radio committee proposed forming a new organisation; however, at the same time preparations were being made for an inter-governmental “European Broadcasting Conference” (EBC) in Copenhagen
Copenhagen
in 1948 to draw up a new plan for frequency use in the European Broadcasting Area
European Broadcasting Area
(EBA). It was considered necessary to have an organisation that could implement the “ Copenhagen
Copenhagen
Wavelength Plan” but there was disagreement among broadcasters and particularly a fear expressed by the BBC
BBC
that a new association might be dominated by the USSR and its proposal to give each of its constituent states one vote. France
France
proposed that it would have four votes with the inclusion of its North African colonies. Great Britain felt it would have little influence with just one vote. On 27 June 1946 the alternative International Broadcasting Organisation (IBO) was founded with 26 members and without British participation. The following day the IBU met in General Assembly and an attempt was made to dissolve it but failed; though 18 of its 28 members left to join the IBO.[9] For a period of time in the late 1940s both the IBU and IBO vied for the role of organising frequencies but Britain decided to be in involved in neither. The BBC
BBC
attempted but failed to find suitable working arrangements with them. However, for practical purposes the IBO rented the IBU technical centre in Brussels and employed its staff. The BBC
BBC
then proposed a new solution based on the IBO changing its constitution so there will be only one member per ITU
ITU
country, thus ensuring a Western majority over the USSR and its satellite states. In August 1949 a meeting took place in Stresa, Italy
Italy
but it resulted in disagreement between delegates on how to resolve the problems. One proposal was for the European Broadcasting Area to be replaced by one that would exclude Eastern Europe, the Levant
Levant
and North Africa. After Stresa, a consensus emerged among the Western Europeans to form a new organisation and the BBC
BBC
proposed it be based in London. Meetings in Paris on 31 October and 1 November 1949 sealed the fate of the IBU and IBO, but it was decided not to allow West Germany
West Germany
to be a founder of the new organisation. On 13 February 1950 the European Broadcasting Union had its first meeting with 23 members from the ITU defined European Broadcasting Area
European Broadcasting Area
at the Imperial Hotel in Torquay, England. The first president was Ian Jacob of the BBC
BBC
who remained at the helm for 10 years while its operation was largely dominated by the BBC
BBC
due to its financial, technical and staff input. The most important difference between the EBU and its predecessors was that EBU membership was for broadcasters and not governments. Early delegates said EBU meetings were cordial and professional and very different from the abrupt tone of its predecessors. West Germany
West Germany
was admitted in 1951 and a working relationship forged with the USSR’s Organisation for International Radio and TV (OIRT) which existed in parallel with the EBU until its merger in 1993. (Source: Diffusion, Journal of the EBU, ‘50 years of the EBU’, Winter 1999/2000 [9]). In 1967 the first concert in the International Concert Season of the European Broadcasting Union
European Broadcasting Union
was broadcast from the Queen Elizabeth Hall in London.[10] Technical activities[edit] The objective of the EBU's technical activities is simply to assist EBU Members (see below) in this period of unprecedented technological changes. This includes provision of technical information to Members via conferences and workshops, as well as in written form (such as the EBU Technical Review, and the EBU tech-i magazine). The EBU also encourages active collaboration between its Members on the basis that they can freely share their knowledge and experience, thus achieving considerably more than individual Members could achieve by themselves. Much of this collaboration is achieved through Project Groups which study specific technical issues of common interest: for example, EBU Members have long been preparing for the revision of the 1961 Stockholm Plan. The EBU places great emphasis on the use of open standards. Widespread use of open standards (such as MPEG-2, DAB, DVB, etc.) ensures interoperability between products from different vendors, as well as facilitating the exchange of programme material between EBU Members and promoting "horizontal markets" for the benefit of all consumers. EBU Members and the EBU Technical Department have long played an important role in the development of many systems used in radio and television broadcasting, such as:

The AES/EBU digital audio interface, formally known as AES3; Serial and parallel interfaces for digital video (ITU-R Recommendations 601 and 656); RDS – the radio data system used on FM broadcasting. The EBU Loudness Recommendation R 128 and 'EBU Mode' meters (EBU Tech 3341)

The EBU has also actively encouraged the development and implementation of:

Digital Audio Broadcasting
Digital Audio Broadcasting
(DAB) through Eureka Project 147 and the WorldDAB Forum; Digital Video Broadcasting
Digital Video Broadcasting
(DVB) through the DVB Project and DigiTAG; Digital radio in the bands currently used for AM broadcasting through DRM (Digital Radio Mondiale); Standardisation of PVR systems through the TV-Anytime Forum. Development of other content distribution networks on the internet through P2PTV; EBU Project Group D/P2P, from November 2007 to April 2008, with a trial of selected member channels, thanks to Octoshape's distribution platform.[11] The EBU is also part of the European P2P-Next project.

Greek state broadcaster controversy of 2013[edit] On 11 June 2013, the Greek government shut down the state broadcaster ERT, at short notice, citing government spending concerns related to the Euro crisis.[12] In response, the European Broadcasting Union
European Broadcasting Union
set up a makeshift studio on the same day, near the former ERT offices in Athens, in order to continue providing EBU Members with the news-gathering and broadcast relay services which had formerly been provided by ERT.[13] The EBU put out a statement expressing its "profound dismay" at the shutdown, urged the Greek Prime Minister "to use all his powers to immediately reverse this decision" and offered the "advice, assistance and expertise necessary for ERT to be preserved".[14] Starting on 4 May 2014, the New Hellenic Radio, Internet
Internet
and Television (NERIT) broadcaster began nationwide transmissions, taking over ERT's vacant active membership slot in the EBU.[citation needed] On 11 June 2015, two years after ERT's closure, Nerit SA closed and ERT SA reopened with a comprehensive program in all radio stations (with 19 regional radio stations, 2 world-Range, and 5 the Panhellenic range) and four TV channels ERT1
ERT1
ERT2
ERT2
ERT3
ERT3
and ERT HD. Members[edit]

Countries with active EBU membership coloured in order of accession from 1950.

The Member list as of January 2018, comprises the following 73 broadcasting companies from 56 countries.[15]

Current Members[edit]

Country Broadcasting organisation Abbr. Year

 Albania Radio Televizioni Shqiptar RTSH 1999

 Algeria Etablissement public de Télévision Algérienne, Enterprise nationale de radiodiffusion, Télédiffusion d'Algérie ENTV ENRS TDA 1970

 Andorra Ràdio i Televisió d'Andorra RTVA 2002

 Armenia Public Television of Armenia ARMTV 2005

Public Radio of Armenia ARMR

 Austria Österreichischer Rundfunk ORF 1953

 Azerbaijan İctimai Television İCTI/İTV 2007

 Belarus Belaruskaja Tele-Radio Campanija BTRC 1993

 Belgium Vlaamse Radio- en Televisieomroeporganisatie VRT 1950

Radio-Télévision Belge de la Communauté Française RTBF

 Bosnia and Herzegovina Javni Radio Televizijski servis Bosne i Hercegovine BHRT 1993

 Bulgaria Bâlgarsko Nacionalno Radio BNR 1993

Bâlgarska Nacionalna Televiizija BNT

 Croatia Hrvatska Radiotelevizija HRT 1993

 Cyprus Cyprus
Cyprus
Broadcasting Corporation CyBC 1969

 Czech Republic Český Rozhlas ČR 1994

Česká Televize ČT

 Denmark Danmarks Radio DR 1950

TV2 Danmark DK/TV2 1989

 Egypt Egyptian Radio and Television Union ERTU 1985

 Estonia Eesti Rahvusringhääling ERR 1993

 Finland Yleisradio Yle 1950

MTV3 FI/MTV 1993

 France Groupement des Radiodiffuseurs Français de l'UER:

TF1 France
France
Télévisions Canal+ Radio France France
France
Médias Monde

GRF 1950

Europe 1 E1 1978

 Georgia Georgian Public Broadcaster GPB 2005

 Germany Arbeitsgemeinschaft der öffentlich-rechtlichen Rundfunkanstalten der Bundesrepublik Deutschland (ARD):

Bayerischer Rundfunk
Bayerischer Rundfunk
(Bavarian Broadcasting: BR) Hessischer Rundfunk
Hessischer Rundfunk
(Hessian Broadcasting Corporation: hr) Mitteldeutscher Rundfunk
Mitteldeutscher Rundfunk
(Central German Broadcasting: MDR) Norddeutscher Rundfunk
Norddeutscher Rundfunk
(Northern German Broadcasting: NDR) Radio Bremen
Radio Bremen
(RB) Rundfunk Berlin-Brandenburg
Rundfunk Berlin-Brandenburg
(Berlin-Brandenburg Broadcasting: rbb) Saarländischer Rundfunk
Saarländischer Rundfunk
Saarland Broadcasting: SR) Südwestrundfunk
Südwestrundfunk
(Southwest Broadcasting: SWR) Westdeutscher Rundfunk
Westdeutscher Rundfunk
(West German Broadcasting: WDR) Deutsche Welle
Deutsche Welle
(German Wave: DW) Deutschlandradio
Deutschlandradio
(DLR or DRadio)

ARD 1952

Zweites Deutsches Fernsehen ZDF 1963

 Greece Hellenic Broadcasting Corporation ERT 1950–2013 2015

 Hungary Hungarian Media Group:

Media Support and Asset Management Fund (MTVA) Duna Media Service Provider

HMG 2014

 Iceland Ríkisútvarpið RÚV 1956

 Ireland Raidió Teilifís Éireann RTÉ 1950

TG4 TG4 2007

 Israel Israeli Broadcasting Corporation
Israeli Broadcasting Corporation
(Application pending)[16] Kan 2017

 Italy RAI
RAI
- Radiotelevisione Italiana RAI 1950

 Jordan Jordan
Jordan
Radio and Television Corporation JRTV 1970

 Latvia Latvijas Televīzija LTV 1993

Latvijas Radio LR 1993

 Lebanon Télé Liban TL 1950

 Libya Libya
Libya
National Channel LNC 2011

 Lithuania Lietuvos Radijas ir Televizija LRT 1993

 Luxembourg RTL Group RTL 1950

Établissement de Radiodiffusion Socioculturelle du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg ERSL 1996

 Macedonia Makedonska radio televizija MKRTV 1993

 Malta Public Broadcasting Services PBS 1970

 Moldova TeleRadio-Moldova TRM 1993

 Monaco Groupement de Radiodiffusion monégasque:

Radio Monte-Carlo TMC Monaco
Monaco
Média Diffusion

GRMC 1950

 Montenegro Radiotelevizija Crne Gore RTCG 2006

 Morocco Société Nationale de Radiodiffusion et de Télévision SNRT 1950

 Netherlands Nederlandse Publieke Omroep:

AVROTROS Evangelische Omroep
Evangelische Omroep
(EO) Omroep MAX KRO-NCRV Nederlandse Omroep Stichting
Nederlandse Omroep Stichting
(NOS) NTR PowNed VPRO Stichting Ether Reclame BNNVARA WNL Humanistische Omroep

NPO 1950

 Norway Norsk Rikskringkasting NRK 1950

TV2 NO/TV2 1993

 Poland Telewizja Polska TVP 1993

Polskie Radio PR

 Portugal Rádio e Televisão de Portugal RTP 1950

 Romania Societatea Română de Radiodifuziune ROR 1993

Televiziunea Română RO/TVR

 Russia Channel One Russia C1R 1996

Vserossiyskaya Gosudarstvennaya Televizionnaya i Radioveshchatelnaya Kompaniya VGTRK 1993

Radio Dom Ostankino:

Radio Mayak (MK) Radio Orpheus (OP)

RDO 1996

 San Marino San Marino
San Marino
RTV SMRTV 1995

 Serbia Radiotelevizija Srbije RTS 2006

 Slovakia Rozhlas a televízia Slovenska RTVS 2011

 Slovenia Radiotelevizija Slovenija RTVSLO 1993

 Spain Radiotelevisión Española RTVE 1955

Sociedad Española de Radiodifusión SER 1982

Radio Popular SA COPE COPE 1998

 Sweden Sveriges Television
Sveriges Television
och Radio Grupp:

Sveriges Television
Sveriges Television
(SVT) Sveriges Radio
Sveriges Radio
(SR) Sveriges Utbildningsradio (UR)

STR 1950

TV4 SE/TV4 2004

  Switzerland Swiss Broadcasting Corporation
Swiss Broadcasting Corporation
(SRG SSR):

Schweizer Radio und Fernsehen
Schweizer Radio und Fernsehen
(SRF) Radio Télévision Suisse
Radio Télévision Suisse
(RTS) Radiotelevisione svizzera
Radiotelevisione svizzera
(RSI) Radiotelevisiun Svizra Rumantscha
Radiotelevisiun Svizra Rumantscha
(RTR)

SRG SSR 1950

 Tunisia Radio tunisienne et Télévision tunisienne:

Radio tunisienne Télévision tunisienne

RTTT 1950

 Turkey Türkiye Radyo-Televizyon Kurumu TRT 1950

 Ukraine Nacionalna Suspilna Teleradiokompanija Ukrajiny UA:PBC 1993

 United Kingdom British Broadcasting Corporation BBC 1950

United Kingdom
United Kingdom
Independent Broadcasting:

ITV plc STV Group (Scotland) Channel Four Television Corporation Sianel 4 Cymru

UKIB 1960

  Vatican City Vatican Radio VR 1950

Past Members[edit]

Country Broadcasting organisation Abbr. From To

 Czechoslovakia Czechoslovak Television CST 1991 1992

 Greece New Hellenic Radio, Internet
Internet
and Television NERIT 2014 2015

 Hungary Duna Televízió Duna 2013

Magyar Rádió MR 1993

Magyar Televízió MTV

 Israel Israel
Israel
Broadcasting Authority IBA 1957 2017

  Monaco
Monaco
 Italy Telemontecarlo TMC 1981 2001

 Libya Libyan Jamahiriya Broadcasting Corporation (الجماهيرية اللّيبيّة) LJBC 1974 2011

  Serbia
Serbia
and Montenegro Alliance of Public Radio and Television UJRT 2001 2006

 Slovakia Slovenský rozhlas SRo 1993 2011

Slovenská televízia STV

 Spain Antena 3 Radio A3R 1986 1993

 Yugoslavia Yugoslav Radio Television JRT 1950 1992

Associate Members[edit]

Countries with Associate EBU Membership.

Any group or organisation from an International Telecommunication Union (ITU) member country, which provide a radio or television service outside of the European Broadcasting Area, are permitted to submit applications to the EBU for Associate Membership. Countries which have this status also pay an annual fee to maintain this status. It was also noted by the EBU that any country that is granted Associate Member status does not include any access into the Eurovision events.[17] The list of Associate Members of EBU, comprised the following 34 broadcasting companies from 21 countries as of January 2018.[3]

Country Broadcasting organisation Abbr. Year

 Australia Australian Broadcasting Corporation ABC 1950

FreeTV Australia Free 1962

Special
Special
Broadcasting Service SBS 1979

 Bangladesh National Broadcasting Authority of Bangladesh NBAB 1974

 Brazil Rádio Cultura RC 2012

 Canada Canadian Broadcasting Corporation/Societé Radio Canada CBC 1950

 Chile Canal 13 UCTV 1971

 China China
China
Central Television CCTV 2010

Shanghai Media Group SMG 2016

 Cuba Cuban Institute of Radio and Television ICRT 1992

 Georgia Teleimedi TEME 2004

Rustavi 2 RB 2003

 Hong Kong Radio Television Hong Kong RTHK 1983

 India All India
India
Radio AIR 1979

 Iran Islamic Republic of Iran
Iran
Broadcasting IRIB 1969

 Japan Nippon Hoso Kyokai NHK 1951

Tokyo Broadcasting System TBS 2000

Tokyo FM TFM 1986

 Kazakhstan Khabar Agency KA 2016

Channel 31[18]

2017

South Korea Korean Broadcasting System KBS 1974

 Malaysia Radio Televisyen Malaysia RTM 1970

 Mauritius Mauritius
Mauritius
Broadcasting Corporation MBC 1980

 New Zealand Radio New Zealand RNZ 1950

Television New Zealand TVNZ 1950

 Oman Public Authority for Radio and TV of Oman PART 1976

 South Africa South African Broadcasting Corporation SABC 1951

 Syria Organisme de la Radio-Télévision Arabe Syrienne ORTAS 1978

 United States American Broadcasting Company ABC 1959

American Public Media APM 2004

CBS
CBS
Corporation CBS 1956

National Public Radio NPR 1971

National Broadcasting Company NBC 1953

WFMT Radio Network WFMT 1980

Approved participant members[edit] Any groups or organisations from a country with International Telecommunication
Telecommunication
Union (ITU) membership, which do not qualify for either the EBU's Active or Associate memberships, but still provide a broadcasting activity for the EBU, are granted a unique Approved Participants membership, which lasts approximately five years. An application for this status may be submitted to the EBU at any given time, providing an annual fee is paid.[19] The following seven EBU broadcast members had status as Approved Participants in May 2016.[20]

Broadcasting organisation Abbr.

Arte ARTE

Catalunya Música CAT

Euronews EURONEWS

JP MRD JP MRD

Cellnex Telecom CELLNEX

Russian Television and Radio Broadcasting Network RTRN

TV5Monde TV5

Organised events[edit] The EBU in co-operation with the respective host broadcaster, organises competitions and events in which its Members can participate, if they wish to do so. These include: Eurovision Song Contest[edit] Main article: Eurovision Song Contest The Eurovision Song Contest
Eurovision Song Contest
(French: Concours Eurovision de la Chanson)[21] is an annual international song competition between EBU Members, that was first held in Lugano, Switzerland, on 24 May 1956. Seven countries participated – each submitting two songs, for a total of 14. This was the only contest in which more than one song per country was performed: since 1957 all contests have allowed one entry per country. The 1956 contest was won by the host nation, Switzerland.[22] The most recent winner was Portugal
Portugal
and the most recent host city was Kiev. Let the Peoples Sing[edit] Main article: Let the Peoples Sing Let the Peoples Sing is a biennial choir competition, the participants of which are chosen from radio recordings entered by EBU radio members. The final, encompassing three categories and around ten choirs, is offered as a live broadcast to all EBU members. The overall winner is awarded the Silver Rose Bowl. Jeux Sans Frontières[edit] Main article: Jeux Sans Frontières Jeux Sans Frontières
Jeux Sans Frontières
(English: Games Without Frontiers, or Games Without Borders) was a Europe-wide television game show. In its original conception, it was broadcast from 1965 to 1999 under the auspices of the EBU. The original series run ended in 1982 but was revived in 1988 with a different complexion of nations and was hosted by smaller broadcasters. Eurovision Young Musicians[edit] Main article: Eurovision Young Musicians Eurovision Young Musicians
Eurovision Young Musicians
is a competition for European musicians that are between the ages of 12 and 21 years old. It is organised by the EBU and is a member of EMCY. The first competition was held in Manchester, United Kingdom
United Kingdom
on 11 May 1982. The televised competition is held every two years, with some countries holding national heats. Since its foundation in 1982, the Eurovision Young Musicians competition has become one of the most important music competitions on an international level. Eurovision Young Dancers[edit] Main article: Eurovision Young Dancers The Eurovision Young Dancers
Eurovision Young Dancers
is a biennial dance showcase broadcast on television throughout Europe. The first competition was held in Reggio Emilia, Italy
Italy
on 16 June 1985. It uses a format similar to the Eurovision Song Contest, every country that is a member of the EBU has had the opportunity to send a dance act to compete for the title of "Eurovision Young Dancer". The competition is for solo dancers and all contestants must be between the ages of 16 and 21 years and not professionally engaged. Euroclassic Notturno[edit] Main article: Euroclassic Notturno Euroclassic Notturno is a six-hour sequence of classical music recordings assembled by BBC
BBC
Radio from material supplied by members of the EBU and streamed back to those broadcasters by satellite for use in their overnight classical-music schedules. The recordings used are taken not from commercial CDs but from earlier (usually live) radio broadcasts.[23][24] Junior Eurovision Song Contest[edit] Main article: Junior Eurovision Song Contest Junior Eurovision Song Contest
Eurovision Song Contest
(French: Concours Eurovision de la Chanson Junior),[25] is an annual international song competition, that was first held in Copenhagen, Denmark, on 15 November 2003. Sixteen countries participated – each submitting one song, for a total of 16 entries. The 2003 Contest was won by Croatia
Croatia
and the current winner is Russia. The first host city was Copenhagen
Copenhagen
(2003) and the most recent is Tbilisi
Tbilisi
(2017). Eurovision Dance Contest[edit] Main article: Eurovision Dance Contest The Eurovision Dance Contest
Eurovision Dance Contest
(not to be confused with the Eurovision Young Dancers Competition) was an international dancing competition that was held for the first time in London, United Kingdom
United Kingdom
on 1 September 2007. The competition was repeated in 2008 when it was held in Glasgow, United Kingdom, but has not been held since. Eurovision Magic Circus Show[edit] Main article: Eurovision Magic Circus Show The Eurovision Magic Circus Show was an entertainment show organised by the EBU, which took place in 2010, 2011 and 2012 in Geneva. Children aged between 7-14 representing 8 countries within the EBU membership area, performed a variety of circus acts at the Geneva Christmas Circus (French: Cirque de Noël Genève). The main show was also accompanied by the Magic Circus Show Orchestra.[26] Eurovision Choir of the Year[edit] Main article: Eurovision Choir of the Year The inaugural Eurovision Choir of the Year
Eurovision Choir of the Year
featuring non-professional choirs selected by EBU Members, took place on 22 July 2017 in Riga, hosted by the Latvian broadcaster Latvijas Televīzija
Latvijas Televīzija
(LTV). 9 countries took part in the first edition. Carmen Manet from Slovenia were the first winners. European Sports Championships[edit] Main article: European Sports Championships The European Sports Championships
European Sports Championships
is a multi-sport event involving some of the leading sports in Europe. The European Governing Bodies for athletics, acquatics, cycling, rowing, golf, gymnastics and triathlon, will co-ordinate their individual championships as part of the first edition[27] in the summer of 2018, hosted by the cities of Berlin
Berlin
(already chosen as the host for the 2018 European Athletics Championships) and Glasgow
Glasgow
(already chosen as the host for the 2018 European Aquatics Championships, and which will now also host the events of the other sports).[28][29] See also[edit]

Asia-Pacific Broadcasting Union Caribbean Broadcasting Union Commonwealth Broadcasting Association Commonwealth Press Union Europe by Satellite North American Broadcasters Association Organización de Televisión Iberoamericana
Organización de Televisión Iberoamericana
(Iberoamerican Television Organisation)

Notes and references[edit] Notes[edit]

References[edit]

^ " European Broadcasting Union
European Broadcasting Union
(EBU)". Retrieved 27 July 2012.  ^ "EBU Active Members". ebu.ch. EBU. Retrieved 9 June 2015.  ^ a b "EBU Associate Members". ebu.ch. EBU. Retrieved 9 June 2015.  ^ "EBU - Eurovision Debate". EBU. Retrieved 24 October 2016.  ^ "Which countries can take part in Eurovision?". Eurovision. Retrieved 13 May 2014.  ^ "Joy to the World 2013: a Euroradio holiday music special on CBC Radio 2". CBC News.  ^ (EBU), European Broadcasting Union. "EBU - Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra New Year's Concert". www.ebu.ch. Retrieved 2016-09-28.  ^ Clements, Paul. "Eurovision 2014: how much do you know about the Eurovision Song Contest?". The Telegraph. Retrieved 29 August 2017.  ^ a b https://www.ebu.ch/CMSimages/en/dossiers_1_04_eurovision50_ve_tcm6-13890.pdf ^ "Euroradio: 50 years" (PDF). Retrieved 2018-03-31.  ^ EBU Media portal. Ebu.ch. Retrieved on 16 December 2011. ^ "Greek public broadcaster ERT to be shut down, reopened with fewer employees". ekathimerini.com. 11 June 2013. Retrieved 2014-04-28.  ^ O'Carroll, Lisa (12 June 2013). "ERT (Greek state broadcaster), Media, Television industry (Media), Radio industry (Media), Greece (News), Europe (News), World news, Digital media, Internet, Social media". The Guardian. London.  ^ "EBU - EBU urges Greek government to reverse decision on ERT". EBU. 11 June 2013. Retrieved 2014-04-28.  ^ EBU Active Member list, EBU, last revised on 11 May 2015 ^ "EBU - Members". European Broadcasting Corporation.  ^ "Admission". EBU.ch. Retrieved 27 June 2009.  ^ " Kazakhstan
Kazakhstan
will broadcast JESC 2017 with hopes of debuting in 2018". escxtra.com. 19 November 2017. Retrieved 10 December 2017.  ^ "Approved Participants". European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 10 October 2014.  ^ "EBU Directory" (PDF). EBU.ch. Retrieved 4 December 2014.  ^ "Winners of the Eurovision Song Contest" (PDF). European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 26 December 2007.  ^ "Historical Milestones". European Broadcasting Union. 2005. Archived from the original on 26 May 2006. Retrieved 26 May 2006.  ^ "Euroradio Notturno". EBU. Retrieved 18 January 2014.  ^ "Through the Night". BBC. Retrieved 18 January 2014.  ^ "Official information page" (in French). European Broadcasting Union. 10 December 2007. Archived from the original on 28 September 2012. Retrieved 6 July 2008.  ^ Burkhardt, Nadja (6 August 2012). "Eurovision Magic Circus Show". eurovisionshowcase.com. European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 6 September 2016.  ^ europeansportschampionships.com ESC Press Release ^ "European Athletics - Leading sports bring together their European championships in 2018". Retrieved 24 October 2016.  ^ "Rowing joins the innovative European Sports Championships
European Sports Championships
- worldrowing.com". Retrieved 24 October 2016. 

External links[edit]

EBU website

v t e

Members of the European Broadcasting Union

Active members

Current

ARD ARMR ARMTV BBC BHRT BNR BNT BTRC C1R Canal+ CLT/RTL COPE ČRo ČT CyBC DR E1 ENRS ENTV ERR ERSL ERT ERTT ERTU France
France
24 FTV GPB HRT İTV JRTV LNC LR LRT LTV M6 MCD MRT FI/MTV MTVA NPO NRK NTU ORF PBS PR Radio France RAI RDO RFI RMC ROR RTBF RTCG RTÉ RTP RTS RTSH RTVA RTVE RTVS RTVSLO RÚV SER SMTV SNRT SR SRG SSR SVT TDA TF1 TG4 TL TMC (French) TRM TV2 (DK) TV2 (NO) TV4 TVP TVR TRT UA:PBC UKIB UR VGTRK VR VRT Yle ZDF

Applicants

1FLTV 2M TV IPBC KRTC QR RTK

Former

IBA JRT LJBC MR MTV NERIT SRo STV TMC (Italian) UJRT

Associate members and approved participants

Associate

ABC (Australia) ABC (United States) All India
India
Radio APM Bayrak Canal 13 (Chile) CBC/SRC CBS CCTV Fuji TV/JOCX-DTV ICRT IRIB JBA KA KBS La7 MBC Mediaset NBAB NBC NHK NPR ORTAS PARTSO RB RNZ RTHK RTM SABC SBS TBS/JORX-DTV TEME TFM/JOAU-FM TVC/FPA TVM (Mauritania) TVNZ WFMT WGBH WNYC-FM/NYPR

Approved

3sat Arte Abertis
Abertis
Telecom CAT Euronews JPMRD RTRN TV5Monde

v t e

SMPTE standards

Standards

SMPTE 259M SMPTE 292M SMPTE 296M SMPTE 344M SMPTE 356M SMPTE 367M SMPTE 372M SMPTE 274M SMPTE 424M SMPTE 2022 SMPTE ST 2071 SMPTE color bars SMPTE timecode Digital Picture Exchange Material Exchange Format Unique Material Identifier

Related articles

Broadcast-safe Broadcast television systems

Related standards organizations

National Television System Committee Moving Picture Experts Group ITU
ITU
Radiocommunication Sector (formerly CCIR) ITU
ITU
Telecommunication
Telecommunication
Sector (formerly CCITT) Digital Video Broadcasting European Broadcasting Union BBC
BBC
Research NHK
NHK
Science & Technology Research Laboratories

v t e

International broadcasting
International broadcasting
organizations

Current

ABU ASBU AUB CANA CBA CBU CPU EBU IAB NAB NABA OTI SA WBU WRN

Former

IBU OIRT

Coordinators

ITU IATC

See also: International broadcasting

v t e

Telecommunications

History

Beacon Broadcasting Cable protection system Cable TV Communications satellite Computer network Drums Electrical telegraph Fax Heliographs Hydraulic telegraph Internet Mass media Mobile phone Optical telecommunication Optical telegraphy Pager Photophone Prepay mobile phone Radio Radiotelephone Satellite communications Semaphore Smartphone Smoke signals Telecommunications history Telautograph Telegraphy Teleprinter
Teleprinter
(teletype) Telephone The Telephone Cases Television Timeline of communication technology Undersea telegraph line Videoconferencing Videophone Videotelephony Whistled language

Pioneers

Edwin Howard Armstrong John Logie Baird Paul Baran Alexander Graham Bell Tim Berners-Lee Jagadish Chandra Bose Vint Cerf Claude Chappe Donald Davies Lee de Forest Philo Farnsworth Reginald Fessenden Elisha Gray Erna Schneider Hoover Charles K. Kao Hedy Lamarr Innocenzo Manzetti Guglielmo Marconi Antonio Meucci Radia Perlman Alexander Stepanovich Popov Johann Philipp Reis Nikola Tesla Camille Tissot Alfred Vail Charles Wheatstone Vladimir K. Zworykin

Transmission media

Coaxial cable Fiber-optic communication

Optical fiber

Free-space optical communication Molecular communication Radio waves Transmission line

Network topology and switching

Links Nodes Terminal node Network switching (circuit packet) Telephone exchange

Multiplexing

Space-division Frequency-division Time-division Polarization-division Orbital angular-momentum Code-division

Networks

ARPANET BITNET Cellular network Computer CYCLADES Ethernet FidoNet Internet ISDN LAN Mobile NGN NPL network Public Switched Telephone Radio Telecommunications equipment Television Telex WAN Wireless World Wide Web

Category Portal

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 153573117 ISNI: 0000 0001 1942 5891 GND: 1011142-6 SUDOC: 031839452 BNF: cb12297993n (data)

Eurovision portal Radio portal

.