"Anthem of Europe" is the anthem of the Council of
Europe and the
European Union. It is based on "Ode to Joy" from the final
movement of Beethoven's 9th Symphony composed in 1823, and is played
on official occasions by both organisations.
3 Unofficial lyrics
4 See also
6 External links
Composer Ludwig van Beethoven
Ode to Joy
Ode to Joy and Symphony No. 9 (Beethoven)
Friedrich Schiller wrote the poem "An die Freude" ("To Joy") in 1785
as a "celebration of the brotherhood of man". In later life, the
poet was contemptuous of this popularity and dismissed the poem as
typical of "the bad taste of the age" in which it had been written.
After Schiller's death, the poem provided the words for the choral
movement of Ludwig van Beethoven's 9th Symphony.
In 1971 the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of
Europe decided to
propose adopting the prelude to the "Ode to Joy" from Beethoven's 9th
Symphony as the European anthem, taking up a suggestion made by
Richard von Coudenhove-Kalergi
Richard von Coudenhove-Kalergi in 1955. Beethoven was generally
seen as the natural choice for a European anthem. The Committee of
Ministers of the Council of
Europe officially announced the European
Anthem on 19 January 1972 at Strasbourg: the prelude to "Ode to Joy",
4th movement of Ludwig van Beethoven's 9th symphony. In 1974 the same
piece of music was adopted as the national anthem of the unrecognized
state of Rhodesia.
Herbert von Karajan
Herbert von Karajan was asked to write three instrumental
arrangements – for solo piano, for wind instruments and for symphony
orchestra and he conducted the performance used to make the official
recording. He wrote his decisions on the score, notably those
concerning the tempo. Karajan decided on minim (half note) = 80
whereas Beethoven had written crotchet (quarter note) = 120.
The anthem was launched via a major information campaign on
in 1972. In 1985, it was adopted by EU heads of State and government
as the official anthem of the then European Community – since 1993
the European Union. It is not intended to replace the national anthems
of the member states but rather to celebrate the values they all share
and their unity in diversity. It expresses the ideals of a united
Europe: freedom, peace, and solidarity.
It was to have been included in the European Constitution along with
the other European symbols; however, the treaty failed ratification
and was replaced by the Treaty of Lisbon, which does not include any
symbols. A declaration was attached to the treaty, in which sixteen
member states formally recognised the proposed symbols. In
European Parliament decided that it would make greater
use of the anthem, for example at official occasions. In October
2008, the Parliament changed its rules of procedure to have the anthem
played at the opening of Parliament after elections and at formal
"Ode to Joy" is the anthem of the Council of
Europe and the European
Union, promoted as a symbol for the whole of
Europe as are the other
European symbols. It is used on occasions such as
Europe Day and
formal events such as the signing of treaties. The European Parliament
seeks to make greater use of the music, then-Parliament President
Hans-Gert Pöttering stated he was moved when the anthem was played
for him on his visit to
Israel and ought to be used in
In 2008 it was used by
Kosovo as its national anthem until it adopted
its own, and it was played at its declaration of independence, as a
nod to the EU's role in its independence from Serbia.
At the 2007 signing ceremony for the Treaty of Lisbon, the
plenipotentiaries of the European Union's twenty-seven member states
stood in attendance while the "Ode to Joy" was played and a choir of
26 Portuguese children sang the original German lyrics.
The German public radio station
Deutschlandfunk has broadcast the
anthem together with the
Deutschlandlied shortly before midnight since
New Year's Eve 2006. The two anthems were specially recorded by the
Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra in versions characterized by "modesty
In 1992 the anthem was used by
CIS national football team
CIS national football team at the 1992
UEFA European Football Championship.
On 4 October 2010 the anthem was used when a European team beat a team
representing the United States of America to win the
Ryder Cup golf
tournament. The European
Ryder Cup captain
Colin Montgomerie decided
to break with tradition and play the European anthem by itself instead
of the individual anthems from participating European nations. It was
similarly employed at the 2014
Ryder Cup prizegiving ceremony on 28
Europe had beaten America under its captain, Paul
"Ode to Joy" is used as the theme song to the 2016 UEFA Euro
qualifying and the European qualifying of the 2018 FIFA World Cup
football competition at the introduction of every match.
"Ode to Joy", automatically orchestrated in seven different styles,
has been used on 18 June 2015 during the ceremony celebrating the
5000th ERC grantee as anthem of the
European Research Council
European Research Council to
represent achievements of European research.
In 2017, Members of the
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Parliament of the United Kingdom from the
Scottish National Party
Scottish National Party first whistled and then sang "Ode to Joy" at
the House of Commons to protest against the
Due to the large number of languages used in the European Union, the
anthem is purely instrumental, and the German lyrics that Friedrich
Schiller wrote and on which Beethoven based the melody have no
official status. Despite this, the German lyrics are often sung by
choirs or ordinary people when the anthem is played: for example, at
the 2004 enlargement on the German-Polish border, the crowd watching
the ceremony playing the music sang along with the German lyrics.
Aside from this, several translations of the poem used by Beethoven as
well as original works have attempted to provide lyrics to the anthem
in various languages. Versions of the anthem including lyrics have
been sung outside official EU occasions.
In France, several adaptations of Beethoven's composition were known
long before the onset of European Union. A version by the librettist
Maurice Bouchor (1855–1929) entitled Hymn to Universal Humanity
(Hymne à l'universelle humanité) adding several verses to a
preceding version of Jean Ruault, was published. This version and
another by Maurice Bouchor, published with Julien Thiersot under the
title Hymn for future times (Hymne des temps futurs) in a music book
which was widespread among basic schools, is performed
unofficially by school choirs during European events. Another version
by the Catholic writer Joseph Folliet (1903–1972) is also known.
In 2004, Austrian Professor Peter Roland of the Europa Academy in
Vienna presented new, Latin lyrics to European Commission President
Romano Prodi, although it has yet to be made official.
Est Europa nunc unita
Et unita maneat
Una in diversitate
Pacem mundi augeat.
Semper regnant in Europa
Fides et iustitia
Et libertas populorum
In majore patria.
Cives, floreat Europa
Opus magnum vocat vos
Stellae signa sunt in caelo
Aureae, quae iungant nos.
Europe is united now
United it may remain
Our unity in diversity
May contribute to world peace.
May there forever reign in Europe
Faith and Justice
And freedom for its people
In a bigger motherland.
Europe shall flourish
A great task calls on you
Golden stars in the sky are
The symbols that shall unite us.
^ a b "The European Anthem". coe.int.
^ a b "EUROPA – The EU at a glance – The European Anthem".
europa.eu. Archived from the original on 15 August 2010. Retrieved
^ Max Rudolf; Michael Stern; Hanny Bleeker White (2001). Max Rudolf
the Dog, a Musical Life: Writings and Letters. Pendragon Press.
pp. 267–268. Retrieved 2008-07-10.
^ Schiller and Körner; Leonard Simpson (1849). Correspondence of
Schiller with Körner. Richard Bentley, London. p. 221. Retrieved
^ Letter to Paul Levy, 3 August 1955 Archived 2 April 2009 at the
^ Emblems, Council of
Europe web site
^ a b c Beunderman, Mark (11 July 2007). "MEPs defy member states on
EU symbols". EUobserver. Retrieved 2007-07-12.
^ "Official Journal of the European Union, 2007 C 306–2, p.
^ Kubosova, Lucia (9 October 2008). "No prolonged mandate for Barroso,
MEPs warn". EUobserver. Archived from the original on 10 October 2008.
Kosovo declares independence". USA Today. 17 February 2008.
^ Nuno Mendes (4 November 2009). "Signing Ceremony of the Treaty of
Lisbon (FULL) 1/6" – via YouTube.
^ "- Wer D singt, muss auch E singen".
^ "European Qualifiers Intro – UEFA EURO 2016". YouTube. Retrieved
14 June 2015.
^ AAAI Video Competition (1 February 2016). "Machine Learning
Techniques for Reorchestrating the European Anthem" – via
^ "The SNP staged a musical protest as MPs voted on whether to trigger
Article 50". 8 February 2017.
^ Chants populaires pour les écoles, librairie Hachette, published in
several editions between 1902 and 1911
Beethoven's Ninth: A Political History, Esteban Buch (Trans. Richard
Miller), ISBN 0-226-07824-8 (University of Chicago Press)
Delegation of the European Commission (mp3 available there)
European Anthem CVCE website
The European Anthem and downloads – Council of
The European Anthem – European Commission website
Symbols of Europe
Bosnia and Herzegovina
States with limited
Isle of Man
Sovereign Military Order of Malta
National anthems of Europe
Bosnia and Herzegovina
British Overseas Territories
Isle of Man
Republic of Karelia
Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug
Nenets Autonomous Okrug
Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug
Republika Srpska (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
Faroe Islands (Denmark)
Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur (France)
Occitania (France / Italy / Spain / Monaco)
Székely Land (Romania)
Rîbnița (Transnistria / Moldova)
Donetsk People's Republic (Donetsk)
Luhansk People's Republic (Luhansk)
German Democratic Republic (East Germany)
Soviet Union / Russian SFSR (1944–91)
Russian Federation (Russia) (1991–2000)
Ukrainian SSR (Ukraine) (1949–92)
Byelorussian SSR (Byelorussia) (1944–91)
Kingdom of Yugoslavia (1919–41)
SFR Yugoslavia (1977–91)
FR Yugoslavia (1992–2003)
Serbia and Montenegro (2003–06)
Second Spanish Republic (1931–39)
Donetsk People's Republic (2014–2015)
Sovereign Military Order of Malta
Ludwig van Beethoven's Symphony No. 9
"Ode to Joy"
"The Hymn of Joy"
"A Song of Joy"
"Anthem of Europe"
"Rise, O Voices of Rhodesia"
"Visan om solen, månen och planeterna"
"Road to Joy"
"Will You Be There"
Beethoven's Ninth Symphony CD-ROM
9 Beet Stretch