"ANTHEM OF EUROPE" is the anthem of the Council of
* 1 History * 2 Usage * 3 Unofficial lyrics * 4 See also * 5 Notes * 6 External links
In 1971 the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of
Conductor Herbert von Karajan was asked to write three instrumental arrangements – for solo piano, for wind instruments and for symphony orchestra and he conducted the performance used to make the official recording. He wrote his decisions on the score, notably those concerning the tempo. Karajan decided on minim (half note) = 80 whereas Beethoven had written crotchet (quarter note) = 120.
The anthem was launched via a major information campaign on Europe Day in 1972. In 1985, it was adopted by EU heads of State and government as the official anthem of the then European Community – since 1993 the European Union. It is not intended to replace the national anthems of the member states but rather to celebrate the values they all share and their unity in diversity. It expresses the ideals of a united Europe: freedom, peace, and solidarity.
It was to have been included in the European Constitution along with the other European symbols ; however, the treaty failed ratification and was replaced by the Treaty of Lisbon , which does not include any symbols. A declaration was attached to the treaty, in which sixteen member states formally recognised the proposed symbols. In response, the European Parliament decided that it would make greater use of the anthem, for example at official occasions. In October 2008, the Parliament changed its rules of procedure to have the anthem played at the opening of Parliament after elections and at formal sittings.
"Ode to Joy" is the anthem of the Council of
In 2008 it was used by
At the 2007 signing ceremony for the Treaty of Lisbon , the plenipotentiaries of the European Union's twenty-seven member states stood in attendance while the "Ode to Joy" was played and a choir of 26 Portuguese children sang the original German lyrics.
The German public radio station Deutschlandfunk has broadcast the anthem together with the Deutschlandlied shortly before midnight since New Year's Eve 2006. The two anthems were specially recorded by the Berlin Radio Symphony Orchestra in versions characterized by "modesty and intensity".
In 1992 the anthem was used by CIS national football team at the 1992 UEFA European Football Championship .
On 4 October 2010 the anthem was used when a European team beat a
team representing the United States of America to win the Ryder Cup
golf tournament. The European
Ryder Cup captain Colin Montgomerie
decided to break with tradition and play the European anthem by itself
instead of the individual anthems from participating European nations.
It was similarly employed at the 2014
Ryder Cup prizegiving ceremony
on 28 September, after
"Ode to Joy" is used as the theme song to the 2016 UEFA Euro qualifying and the European qualifying of the 2018 FIFA World Cup football competition at the introduction of every match.
"Ode to Joy", automatically orchestrated in seven different styles, has been used on 18 June 2015 during the ceremony celebrating the 5000th ERC grantee as anthem of the European Research Council to represent achievements of European research.
In 2017, Members of the
Parliament of the United Kingdom from the
Scottish National Party first whistled and then sang "Ode to Joy" at
the House of Commons to protest against the
Due to the large number of languages used in the European Union, the anthem is purely instrumental, and the German lyrics that Friedrich Schiller wrote and on which Beethoven based the melody have no official status. Despite this, the German lyrics are often sung by choirs or ordinary people when the anthem is played: for example, at the 2004 enlargement on the German-Polish border , the crowd watching the ceremony playing the music sang along with the German lyrics.
Aside from this, several translations of the poem used by Beethoven as well as original works have attempted to provide lyrics to the anthem in various languages. Versions of the anthem including lyrics have been sung outside official EU occasions.
In France, several adaptations of Beethoven's composition were known long before the onset of European Union. A version by the librettist Maurice Bouchor (1855–1929) entitled Hymn to Universal Humanity (Hymne à l\'universelle humanité) adding several verses to a preceding version of Jean Ruault, was published. This version and another by Maurice Bouchor, published with Julien Thiersot under the title Hymn for future times (Hymne des temps futurs) in a music book which was widespread among basic schools, is performed unofficially by school choirs during European events. Another version by the Catholic writer Joseph Folliet (1903–1972) is also known.
In 2004, Austrian Professor Peter Roland of the Europa Academy in Vienna presented new, Latin lyrics to European Commission President Romano Prodi , although it has yet to be made official.
LATIN ENGLISH TRANSLATION
Est Europa nunc unita
Et unita maneat
Una in diversitate
Pacem mundi augeat.
Semper regnant in Europa
Fides et iustitia
Et libertas populorum
In majore patria.
Cives, floreat Europa
Opus magnum vocat vos
Stellae signa sunt in caelo
Aurae, quae iugnant nos.
United it may remain
Our unity in diversity
May contribute to world peace.
May there forever reign in
Faith and Justice
And freedom for its people
In a bigger motherland.
A great task calls on you
Golden stars in the sky are
The symbols that shall unite us.
* ^ A B "Emblemes". coe.int. Archived from the original on 22
August 2008. Retrieved 2010-08-29.
* ^ A B "EUROPA – The EU at a glance – The European Anthem".
europa.eu. Archived from the original on 15 August 2010. Retrieved
* ^ Max Rudolf; Michael Stern; Hanny Bleeker White (2001). Max
Rudolf the Dog, a Musical Life: Writings and Letters. Pendragon Press.
pp. 267–268. Retrieved 2008-07-10.
* ^ Schiller and Körner ; Leonard Simpson (1849). Correspondence
of Schiller with Körner. Richard Bentley, London. p. 221. Retrieved
* ^ Letter to Paul Levy, 3 August 1955 Archived 2 April 2009 at the
Wayback Machine .
* ^ Emblems, Council of