Europe , EUROPE DAY is an annual celebration of peace and unity in
Europe. There are two separate designations of
5 May for
Council of Europe , and
9 May for the
European Union (EU). The
latter is the EU's flag day and has a greater visibility.
The Council of Europe's day reflects its own establishment in 1949,
while the European Union's day is also known as SCHUMAN DAY and
celebrates the historical declaration by French foreign minister
Robert Schuman in 1950.
Europe Day is one of a number of European
symbols designed to foster unity among Europeans.
* 1 Background
* 2 Observance
* 3 Coincidences
* 4 See also
* 5 References
* 6 External links
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Council of Europe was founded on
5 May 1949, and hence it chose
that day for its celebrations when it established the holiday in 1964.
In 1985, the
European Communities (which later became the European
Union ) adopted the
European symbols of the
Council of Europe such as
the Flag of
Europe . However, the Community leaders decided to hold
Europe Day in commemoration of the
Schuman Declaration of 9 May
1950. The declaration proposed the pooling of French and West German
coal and steel industries, leading to the creation of the European
Steel Community , the first European Community, and hence is
considered a principal founding moment. Hence, at the 1985 Milan
European Council , 29 September was adopted as the EU's flag day .
The European Constitution would have legally enshrined all the
European symbols in the EU treaties, however the treaty failed and
usage would continue only in the present de facto manner. The
Constitution's replacement, the
Treaty of Lisbon , contains a
declaration by sixteen members supporting the symbols. The European
Parliament formally recognised the
9 May holiday in October 2008.
9 May is celebrated in various forms in most member states of the
European Union and EU candidate countries such as
Turkey . Due to the
political nature of the day, it sees attempts at teaching people about
European Union and speaking in support of
European integration .
The flag as another symbol plays a major role in general celebrations.
Despite a preference for 9 May, with the European Union's greater
5 May is still observed by some Europeans due to the
Council's role in seeking to defend human rights , parliamentary
democracy , and the rule of law . In contrast, the Schuman declaration
was merely proposing the pooling of French and West German coal and
Europe Day on the third Saturday of
The Schuman Parade is arranged annually in
A school in
Portugal decorated for
Europe Day (2009)
5 May coincides with
Liberation Day in Denmark and the Netherlands,
celebrating the surrender of German troops there and in northern
Germany in 1945.
9 May coincides with Victory Day , the end of
World War II
World War II in the
Soviet Union (celebrated on 8 May in western Europe) and
Liberation Day in the
Channel Islands . It is offset precisely half a
year with German Schicksalstag .
United Nations Day
European Union portal
* ^ Aline Royer (2010) The
Council of Europe (ISBN
* ^ Does the EU have a "National" Day?, European Commission
Delegation to Ukraine.
* ^ "Official Journal of the European Union, 2007 C 306-2 , p.
267". Retrieved 29 October 2014.
* ^ Kubosova, Lucia (9 October 2008). "No prolonged mandate for
Barroso, MEPs warn".
EU Observer . Retrieved 2008-10-09.
* ^ Lamming, R. (
9 May 2008)
Europe Day, but not in Britain,
* ^ Celebration of
9 May 2007 in Denmark Politeia.net
* ^ Signifying
Europe by Johan Fornäs , Intellect Ltd , 2012, ISBN
Police to strengthen maintenance of public order in Kyiv on May 18,
Ukraine (16 April 2013)