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In Europe
Europe
, EUROPE DAY is an annual celebration of peace and unity in Europe. There are two separate designations of Europe
Europe
Day: 5 May
5 May
for the Council of Europe , and 9 May
9 May
for the European Union
European Union
(EU). The latter is the EU's flag day and has a greater visibility.

The Council of Europe's day reflects its own establishment in 1949, while the European Union's day is also known as SCHUMAN DAY and celebrates the historical declaration by French foreign minister Robert Schuman
Robert Schuman
in 1950. Europe
Europe
Day is one of a number of European symbols designed to foster unity among Europeans.

CONTENTS

* 1 Background * 2 Observance * 3 Coincidences * 4 See also * 5 References * 6 External links

BACKGROUND

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The Council of Europe was founded on 5 May
5 May
1949, and hence it chose that day for its celebrations when it established the holiday in 1964. In 1985, the European Communities
European Communities
(which later became the European Union ) adopted the European symbols of the Council of Europe such as the Flag of Europe
Europe
. However, the Community leaders decided to hold their Europe
Europe
Day in commemoration of the Schuman Declaration
Schuman Declaration
of 9 May 1950. The declaration proposed the pooling of French and West German coal and steel industries, leading to the creation of the European Coal
Coal
and Steel
Steel
Community , the first European Community, and hence is considered a principal founding moment. Hence, at the 1985 Milan European Council , 29 September was adopted as the EU's flag day .

The European Constitution would have legally enshrined all the European symbols in the EU treaties, however the treaty failed and usage would continue only in the present de facto manner. The Constitution's replacement, the Treaty of Lisbon , contains a declaration by sixteen members supporting the symbols. The European Parliament formally recognised the 9 May
9 May
holiday in October 2008.

OBSERVANCE

9 May
9 May
is celebrated in various forms in most member states of the European Union
European Union
and EU candidate countries such as Turkey
Turkey
. Due to the political nature of the day, it sees attempts at teaching people about the European Union
European Union
and speaking in support of European integration . The flag as another symbol plays a major role in general celebrations. Despite a preference for 9 May, with the European Union's greater visibility, 5 May
5 May
is still observed by some Europeans due to the Council's role in seeking to defend human rights , parliamentary democracy , and the rule of law . In contrast, the Schuman declaration was merely proposing the pooling of French and West German coal and steel.

Since 2003, Ukraine
Ukraine
celebrates Europe
Europe
Day on the third Saturday of May.

*

The Schuman Parade is arranged annually in Warsaw
Warsaw
on Europe
Europe
Day (2008) *

A school in Portugal
Portugal
decorated for Europe
Europe
Day (2009) *

Girl on Khreshchatyk . Kiev
Kiev
, Ukraine
Ukraine
(2012)

COINCIDENCES

5 May
5 May
coincides with Liberation Day in Denmark and the Netherlands, celebrating the surrender of German troops there and in northern Germany
Germany
in 1945.

9 May
9 May
coincides with Victory Day , the end of World War II
World War II
in the former Soviet Union
Soviet Union
(celebrated on 8 May in western Europe) and Liberation Day in the Channel Islands
Channel Islands
. It is offset precisely half a year with German Schicksalstag .

SEE ALSO

* Commonwealth Day * United Nations Day

* Europe
Europe
portal * European Union
European Union
portal

REFERENCES

* ^ Aline Royer (2010) The Council of Europe (ISBN 978-92-871-6745-3 ). * ^ Does the EU have a "National" Day?, European Commission Delegation to Ukraine. * ^ "Official Journal of the European Union, 2007 C 306-2 , p. 267". Retrieved 29 October 2014. * ^ Kubosova, Lucia (9 October 2008). "No prolonged mandate for Barroso, MEPs warn". EU Observer . Retrieved 2008-10-09. * ^ Lamming, R. ( 9 May
9 May
2008) Europe
Europe
Day, but not in Britain, Federal Union * ^ Celebration of Europe
Europe
Day 9 May
9 May
2007 in Denmark Politeia.net

* ^ Signifying Europe
Europe
by Johan Fornäs , Intellect Ltd , 2012, ISBN 1841505218 Police to strengthen maintenance of public order in Kyiv on May 18, Interfax-