HOME
The Info List - EuroAirport Basel Mulhouse Freiburg



--- Advertisement ---


(i) (i) (i) (i)

EUROAIRPORT BASEL MULHOUSE FREIBURG (IATA : MLH, BSL, EAP, ICAO : LFSB, LSZM) is an international airport 3.5 km (2.2 mi) northwest of Basel
Basel
in Switzerland
Switzerland
, 20 km (12 mi) southeast of Mulhouse
Mulhouse
in France, and 46 km (29 mi) south-southwest of Freiburg
Freiburg
im Breisgau in Germany. It is located in France, on the administrative territory of the commune of Saint-Louis near the Swiss and German borders. The airport serves as a base for easyJet Switzerland
Switzerland
and features mainly flights to European metropolitan and leisure destinations.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Early years * 1.2 Development in the 2000s

* 2 International status * 3 Terminal

* 4 Airlines and destinations

* 4.1 Passenger * 4.2 Cargo

* 5 Statistics

* 5.1 Route statistics * 5.2 Passenger development

* 6 Other facilities

* 7 Ground transportation

* 7.1 Car * 7.2 Bus

* 8 See also * 9 Notes * 10 References * 11 External links

HISTORY

EARLY YEARS

Aerial view

Plans for the construction of a joint Swiss–French airport started in the 1930s, but were halted by the Second World War
Second World War
. Swiss planners identified Basel
Basel
as one of the four cities for which a main urban airport would be developed, but recognized that the existing airfield at Sternenfeld in Birsfelden
Birsfelden
was too small and, due development of the adjacent river port facilities, unsuitable for expansion. The suburb of Allschwil
Allschwil
was proposed for a new airport, but this would require being constructed across the Franco-Swiss border, leading to talks with French authorities centered developing a single airport that would serve both countries, enhancing its international airport status.

In 1946 talks resumed and it was agreed that an airport would be built 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) north of Blotzheim
Blotzheim
, France. France
France
would provide the land and the Swiss canton of Basel-Stadt
Basel-Stadt
would cover the construction costs. Basel-Stadt's Grand Council agreed to pay the costs for a provisional airport even before an international treaty was signed (which was not until 1949). Construction began on 8 March 1946 and a provisional airport with a 1,200-metre (3,900 ft) runway was officially opened on 8 May.

Between autumn 1951 and spring 1953, the east–west runway was extended to 1,600 metres (5,200 ft) and the "Zollfreistrasse" (customs-free road) was constructed, allowing access from Basel
Basel
to the departure terminal without passing through French border controls.

The first enlargement project was approved by referendum in Basel
Basel
in 1960 and, over the following decades, the terminals and runways were continually extended. The north–south runway was extended further to 3,900 metres (12,800 ft) in 1972. In 1984, an annual total of 1 million passengers was reached. In 1987, the trademark name EuroAirport Basel–Mulhouse– Freiburg
Freiburg
was introduced.

In 1992 a total of 2 million passengers used the airport. By 1998, this number rose up to 3 million.

DEVELOPMENT IN THE 2000S

A decision was made to enlarge the terminals again with a new "Y-finger" dock. The first phase was completed in 2002 and the second phase in 2005.

Crossair was based at Basel
Basel
and was its largest airline. Following the Swissair
Swissair
liquidation in 2001, the subsequent ending of services in early 2002, and the transformation of Crossair into Swiss International Air Lines , the number of flights from Basel
Basel
fell and the new terminal was initially underused. In 2004 the low cost carrier easyJet opened a base at Basel
Basel
and the passenger totals rose again, reaching 4 million in 2006.

From 2007 until 2009, Ryanair
Ryanair
also flew to the airport for the first time. However, as result of a dispute over landing fees , the airline closed all eight routes. More recently Ryanair
Ryanair
announced it would return in April 2014, with the resumption of Basel–Dublin route as well as the new route Basel
Basel
– London–Stansted. Since then, Ryanair has hinted at the possibility of adding new routes in the foreseeable future.

In December 2014, Swiss International Air Lines
Swiss International Air Lines
announced it would cease all operations at Basel
Basel
by 31 May 2015 due to heavy competition from low-cost carriers. Swiss faced direct competition on five out of its six Basel
Basel
routes, all of which were operated by Swiss Global Air Lines . The Lufthansa Group
Lufthansa Group
announced it would set up Eurowings
Eurowings
' first base outside Germany
Germany
at the EuroAirport as a replacement. However these plans were later cancelled in favour of Vienna International Airport .

In January 2017, it has been announced that Air Berlin
Air Berlin
including its Swiss subsidiary Belair are cancelling Basel/ Mulhouse
Mulhouse
from their schedules entirely as part of restructuring measures.

INTERNATIONAL STATUS

EuroAirport is one of the few airports in the world operated jointly by two countries, in this case France
France
and Switzerland
Switzerland
. It is governed by a 1949 international convention. The headquarters of the airport's operations are located in Blotzheim
Blotzheim
, France. The airport is located completely on French soil; the airport has a Swiss customs area connected to Basel
Basel
by a 2.5 km (1.6 mi) long customs road. The airport is operated via a state treaty established in 1946 wherein the two countries ( Switzerland
Switzerland
and France) are granted access to the airport without any customs or other border restrictions. The airport's board has 8 members each from France
France
and Switzerland
Switzerland
and two advisers from Germany.

The airport building is split into two separate sections – Swiss and French. Though the whole airport is on French soil and under French jurisdiction, the Swiss authorities have the authority to apply Swiss laws regarding customs, medical services and police work in the Swiss section, including the customs road connecting Basel
Basel
with the airport. However, French police are allowed to execute random checks in the Swiss section as well. With Switzerland
Switzerland
joining the Schengen Treaty in March 2009, the air side was rearranged to include a Schengen and non-Schengen zone. As border control is staffed by both Swiss and French border officers, passengers departing to or arriving from non-Schengen countries may receive either a Swiss or French passport stamp , depending on which officer they happen to approach.

Due to its international status, EuroAirport has three IATA airport codes : BSL (Basel) is the Swiss code, MLH (Mulhouse) is the French code and EAP (EuroAirport) is the neutral code. The ICAO airport code is: LFSB, sometimes LSZM is used to designate the Swiss airport.

TERMINAL

The EuroAirport consists of a single terminal building, a brick-style main area with four levels and the Y-shaped gate area attached to it. The basement (Level 1) contains the access to the car park, the ground level (Level 2) features the arrivals facilities. Level 3 sees the check-in area divided into halls 1-4 while the departure gates are located at Level 4. The gate area features gates 1-2, 20-46, 60-61 and 78-87 of which gates 22-32 are used for non-Schengen flights. Six of the boarding gates feature jet bridges, the others are used for walk- or bus-boarding. As described above, the landside areas are uniquely divided into a French and a Swiss part.

AIRLINES AND DESTINATIONS

PASSENGER

The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at the EuroAirport:

AIRLINES DESTINATIONS

Aegean Airlines
Aegean Airlines
Athens (begins 26 March 2018)

Aigle Azur
Aigle Azur
Algiers , Constantine , Oran , Sétif

Air Algérie
Air Algérie
Constantine

Air Arabia Maroc
Air Arabia Maroc
Casablanca

Air France
France
operated by HOP!
HOP!
Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Paris–Charles de Gaulle
, Paris–Orly

Air Transat
Air Transat
SEASONAL: Montréal–Trudeau

Air VIA SEASONAL CHARTER: Burgas

Austrian Airlines
Austrian Airlines
Vienna

British Airways
British Airways
London–Heathrow

Brussels Airlines
Brussels Airlines
Brussels

Condor SEASONAL CHARTER: Dubai-Al Maktoum

easyJet Amsterdam , Barcelona , Bristol , Berlin–Schönefeld , Edinburgh , Hamburg , Lisbon , London–Gatwick , London–Luton , Manchester , Naples , Toulouse , Venice

easyJet Switzerland
Switzerland
Alicante , Amsterdam , Barcelona , Berlin–Schönefeld , Bordeaux , Brindisi , Brussels , Budapest , Catania , Copenhagen , Dresden , Edinburgh , Fuerteventura , Funchal , Gran Canaria , Hamburg , Kraków , Lanzarote , Larnaca , Lisbon , London–Gatwick , Madrid , Malaga , Marrakech , Montpellier , Nantes , Nice , Palma de Mallorca , Porto , Prague , Pristina , Rome-Fiumicino , Santiago de Compostela , Seville , Stockholm–Arlanda , Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion , Tenerife–South , Toulouse , Venice SEASONAL: Ajaccio , Bastia , Biarritz , Cagliari , Dubrovnik , Faro , Figari , Ibiza , Mykonos , Olbia , Pisa , Reykjavík–Keflavík , Split , Thessaloniki

Eurowings
Eurowings
Düsseldorf SEASONAL: Palma de Mallorca

Iberia Madrid

KLM
KLM
operated by KLM
KLM
Cityhopper Amsterdam

Lufthansa Regional
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
Lufthansa CityLine
Frankfurt , Munich

Niki SEASONAL: Ibiza , Palma de Mallorca

Pegasus Airlines
Pegasus Airlines
Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen

Ryanair
Ryanair
Dublin , London–Stansted

SkyWork Airlines
SkyWork Airlines
Vienna SEASONAL: Heringsdorf ,1 Jersey ,1 Sylt 1

SunExpress
SunExpress
Antalya SEASONAL: Izmir

TUI fly Deutschland
TUI fly Deutschland
Agadir , Fuerteventura , Gran Canaria SEASONAL: Boa Vista , Corfu , Funchal , Heraklion , Kos , Marrakech , Menorca , Palma de Mallorca , Rhodes , Sal , Tenerife–South

Tunisair
Tunisair
Djerba

Turkish Airlines
Turkish Airlines
Istanbul–Atatürk
Istanbul–Atatürk

Vueling
Vueling
Barcelona

Wizz Air Belgrade , Bucharest , Budapest (begins 3 May 2018), Cluj-Napoca , Niš , Ohrid , Osijek , Skopje , Sofia , Tuzla , Warsaw-Chopin , Wrocław (begins 31 March 2018)

^1 On some SkyWork Airlines
SkyWork Airlines
flights to and from Heringsdorf, Jersey and Sylt, Basel
Basel
is only an intermediate stop on the way from or to Bern Airport . However, SkyWork does not sell tickets on the Swiss domestic sector.

CARGO

AIRLINES DESTINATIONS

AirBridgeCargo Airlines
AirBridgeCargo Airlines
Moscow-Sheremetyevo

ASL Airlines Belgium Liège

DHL Aviation
DHL Aviation
Leipzig/Halle

DHL Aviation
DHL Aviation
operated by Atlantic Airlines East Midlands

DHL Aviation
DHL Aviation
operated by Bluebird Cargo
Bluebird Cargo
Geneva , Leipzig/Halle

Emirates SkyCargo
Emirates SkyCargo
Dubai–Al Maktoum

FedEx Feeder
FedEx Feeder
operated by ASL Airlines Ireland
ASL Airlines Ireland
Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Paris–Charles de Gaulle

Korean Air Cargo
Korean Air Cargo
Seoul–Incheon , Vienna

Qatar Airways Cargo
Qatar Airways Cargo
Doha , Brussels , London
London
Heathrow , London
London
Stansted

UPS Airlines
UPS Airlines
operated by ASL Airlines Switzerland
Switzerland
Cologne/Bonn , Geneva , Sarajevo

STATISTICS

ROUTE STATISTICS

Busiest routes at EuroAirport Basel–Mulhouse– Freiburg
Freiburg
Airport (2016) RANK CITY TOTAL DEPARTING PASSENGERS

1 Berlin 217 504

2 Amsterdam 206 986

3 Barcelona 170 492

4 Palma de Mallorca 155 949

5 London
London
(Gatwick ) 135 895

6 London
London
(Heathrow ) 126 362

7 Hamburg 113 642

8 Pristina 105 338

9 Porto 103 998

10 Nice 87 752

11 Paris
Paris
(Charles de Gaulle ) 82 424

12 Munich 76 625

13 Frankfurt 76 381

14 Istanbul
Istanbul
(Atatürk ) 72 896

15 Istanbul
Istanbul
(Sabiha Gökçen ) 70 338

PASSENGER DEVELOPMENT

EUROAIRPORT BASEL-MULHOUSE-FREIBURG PASSENGER TOTALS 1950-2015 (MILLIONS)

Updated: 19 January 2017

OTHER FACILITIES

Swiss International Air Lines
Swiss International Air Lines
head office at EuroAirport

* The headquarters of Swiss International Air Lines
Swiss International Air Lines
and Swiss Global Air Lines are on the grounds at EuroAirport Basel–Mulhouse– Freiburg
Freiburg
in the Swiss section of the airport; even though the airport is within France, the Swiss head office is only accessible from Switzerland. The Swiss division Swiss Aviation Software has its head office there as well. * Farnair Switzerland
Switzerland
formerly had its head office at EuroAirport. As in the case of the Swiss head office, the area with the former Farnair head office may only be accessed from Switzerland. The head office moved to its current location, the Villa Guggenheim in Allschwil
Allschwil
, in proximity to EuroAirport, on 1 October 2011. * Hello , a now defunct Swiss airline, had its head office in the General Aviation area of EuroAirport. * Prior to the formation of Swiss International Air Lines, the regional airline Crossair was headquartered on the grounds of EuroAirport. Prior to its dissolution, Crossair Europe was headquartered on the grounds of EuroAirport as well.

GROUND TRANSPORTATION

CAR

Location of the airport relative to Basel
Basel
and its surroundings

The airport is connected to motorway A3 which leads from Basel
Basel
to the southeast of Switzerland
Switzerland
passing Zürich
Zürich
.

BUS

There are several bus connections to and from the EuroAirport to all three countries around it:

* On the Swiss exit Basel's BVB bus No. 50 connects the airport to Bahnhof SBB , which is the main Swiss and French railway station in Basel. During weekdays, there is a service every 7–8 minutes and on weekends, every 10 minutes during daytime. The duration of the trip is about 20 minutes. On the day of a visitor's arrival to Basel, a reservation confirmation from a local hotel guarantees a free transfer by public transport from the station or the EuroAirport to the hotel. * On the French exit Saint-Louis' distribus bus No. 11 connects the airport to the gare SNCF, Saint-Louis 's railway station in 10 minutes. * The German private bus company Flixbus calls Zürich, Basel
Basel
and Freiburg
Freiburg
i.Br. up to five times a day. FlixBus however only serves the French exit of the airport. Serving Swiss destinations from the French part of the airport is a questionable legal trick, as people transport by foreign companies inside of Switzerland
Switzerland
is illegal without official authorization due to cabotage regulations, which will not be granted by Swiss authorities on routes already supported by tax-financed public services. It's illegal to travel between Swiss destinations only. Police started to do random checks and to fine failing travelers. Serving Swiss destinations from abroad however is compliant.

SEE ALSO

* Transport in Switzerland
Switzerland
* Mulhouse–Habsheim Airport

NOTES

* ^ IATA airport 3-letter codes for the French area, the Swiss area, and the metropolitan area

REFERENCES

* ^ A B C "Airline and Airport Code Search: 3-letter airport code". Quebec, Canada: International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 2014-11-06. Search for location * ^ A B LFSB – BÂLE-MULHOUSE. AIP from French Service d\'information aéronautique , effective 12 October 2017. * ^ "Annual Report 2013 (2/3): Key Figures" (PDF) (annual report) (in French, German, and English). l’Aéroport de Bâle-Mulhouse. 21 May 2014. Retrieved 2014-11-06. * ^ EAD Basic Archived 23 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
. * ^ Bell, E. A. (10 May 1945). "Swiss Planning". Flight and Aircraft Engineer. Royal Aero Club. XLVII (1898): 501. Retrieved 5 July 2016. * ^ "EuroAirport - Serving the needs of the RegioTriRhena". EuroAirport Basel
Basel
Mulhouse
Mulhouse
Freiburg. Retrieved 6 June 2015. * ^ " Ryanair
Ryanair
verlässt den EuroAiport". baz.ch/. Retrieved 6 June 2015. * ^ "Kurznachrichten: SWISS verlässt Basel, Regierungsterminal in Berlin und Fluggastzahlen von Air France". airportzentrale.de. Retrieved 6 June 2015. * ^ "Lufthansa-Billigairline: Eurowings: Wien statt Basel
Basel
- aeroTELEGRAPH". aeroTELEGRAPH. Retrieved 6 June 2015. * ^ "Das Streckennetz der new airberlin - airberlin.com". Retrieved 26 February 2017. * ^ "General conditions of use Archived 28 March 2013 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
.". EuroAirport. Retrieved on 24 September 2009. "The Site is published by Basel– Mulhouse
Mulhouse
Airport, a Franco-Swiss public enterprise governed by the international convention of 4 July 1949 concerning its construction and operation and the headquarters of which are situated at 68730 Blotzheim, France". * ^ A B "Schweizerisch-Französischer Staatsvertrag vom 4. Juli 1949 (Höflichkeitsübersetzung)" (in German). EuroAirport Basel Mulhouse
Mulhouse
Freiburg. 1 November 2006. Retrieved 2014-11-05. * ^ "Terminal plan". EuroAirport Basel
Basel
Mulhouse
Mulhouse
Freiburg. Retrieved 2014-11-05. * ^ "Terminalplan". Retrieved 6 June 2015. * ^ "Timetable". Retrieved 6 June 2015. * ^ https://www.euroairport.com/en/event/EuroAirport-s-2017-summer-flight-plan-with-more-choice-Around-550-departures-per-week-96-airports-24-airlines,233609.html * ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 October 2016. Retrieved 2016-10-07. * ^ flyniki.com - Flightplan retrieved 28 October 2017 * ^ http://www.austrianaviation.net/news-international/news-detail/datum/2015/06/01/skywork-uebernimmt-basel-london-city.html * ^ "AIRBRIDGECARGO AIRLINES FIRST FLIGHT GETS A SPLASHING WELCOME AT BASEL AIRPORT". AirBridgeCargo Airlines. Archived from the original on 19 April 2015. Retrieved 23 September 2014. * ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 August 2014. Retrieved 19 August 2014. * ^ http://flyingbosnian.blogspot.com/2017/05/passengers-and-cargo-air-traffic.html * ^ https://www.bfs.admin.ch/bfs/de/home/statistiken/mobilitaet-verkehr/querschnittsthemen/zivilluftfahrt/linien-charterverkehr.assetdetail.2040601.html * ^ https://www.bfs.admin.ch/bfs/de/home/statistiken/mobilitaet-verkehr/querschnittsthemen/zivilluftfahrt/linien-charterverkehr.assetdetail.2040601.html * ^ "Statistiken des EuroAirport - Statistiken des Flughafens Basel-Mulhouse". Retrieved 6 June 2015. * ^ Peter Sennhauser, David Bauer. "Mehr Passagiere, weniger Flugzeuge, mehr Klagen: Die Entwicklung des EuroAirport Basel-Mulhouse in sieben Grafiken - TagesWoche ". Tageswoche. Retrieved 6 June 2015. * ^ "Facts and figures Archived 1 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine .". Swiss International Air Lines. Retrieved on 13 June 2009. * ^ " Swiss International Air Lines
Swiss International Air Lines
Basel
Basel
Archived 25 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
Wayback Machine
.". Swiss International Air Lines. Retrieved on 24 September 2009. * ^ "CONTACT". Swiss Aviation Software. Retrieved on 17 September 2011. "Swiss AviationSoftware Ltd. BSLSAS/MA P.O.Box, CH-4002 Basel, Switzerland
Switzerland
Marketing ">) Hello . Retrieved on 1 July 2010. * ^ "Location". Crossair . Retrieved on 13 June 2009. * ^ World Airline Directory. Flight International. 23–29 March 2004. 58. * ^ "BVB – Line network". Basel, Switzerland: BVB. Retrieved 2014-11-05. * ^ "Mobility Ticket". Basel, Switzerland: Basel
Basel
Tourismus. Retrieved 2016-08-17. * ^ "distribus ligne 11" (PDF). Saint-Louis, France: distribus. Retrieved 2014-11-05. * ^ Petar Marjanovic (16 June 2016). "Umstrittene SBB-Konkurrenz: Bund will Fernbus-Tricksern an den Kragen". Blick (in German). Zurich, Switzerland. Retrieved 2016-07-03. * ^ SDA/gr (10 November 2016). "Bundesrat über Fernbus-Trickser: Verstösse kaum nachzuweisen!". Blick (in German). Zurich, Switzerland. Retrieved 2016-07-03.

EXTERNAL LINKS

Media related to EuroAirport at Wikimedia Commons

* Official website (in English) (in