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EuroAirport Basel
Basel
Mulhouse
Mulhouse
Freiburg
Freiburg
(IATA: MLH, BSL, EAP, ICAO: LFSB, LSZM)[note 1][1] is an international airport 3.5 km (2.2 mi) northwest of Basel
Basel
in Switzerland, 20 km (12 mi) southeast of Mulhouse
Mulhouse
in France, and 46 km (29 mi) south-southwest of Freiburg
Freiburg
im Breisgau in Germany. It is located in France, on the administrative territory of the commune of Saint-Louis near the Swiss and German borders. The airport serves as a base for easyJet Switzerland
Switzerland
and features mainly flights to European metropolitan and leisure destinations.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Early years 1.2 Development in the 2000s

2 International status 3 Terminal 4 Airlines and destinations

4.1 Passenger 4.2 Cargo

5 Statistics

5.1 Route statistics 5.2 Passenger development

6 Other facilities 7 Ground transportation

7.1 Car 7.2 Bus

8 See also 9 Notes 10 References 11 External links

History[edit] Early years[edit]

Aerial view

Plans for the construction of a joint Swiss–French airport started in the 1930s, but were halted by the Second World War. Swiss planners identified Basel
Basel
as one of the four cities for which a main urban airport would be developed, but recognized that the existing airfield at Sternenfeld in Birsfelden
Birsfelden
was too small and, due development of the adjacent river port facilities, unsuitable for expansion. The suburb of Allschwil
Allschwil
was proposed for a new airport, but this would require being constructed across the Franco-Swiss border, leading to talks with French authorities centered developing a single airport that would serve both countries, enhancing its international airport status.[5] In 1946 talks resumed and it was agreed that an airport would be built 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) north of Blotzheim, France. France
France
would provide the land and the Swiss canton of Basel-Stadt
Basel-Stadt
would cover the construction costs. Basel-Stadt's Grand Council agreed to pay the costs for a provisional airport even before an international treaty was signed (which was not until 1949). Construction began on 8 March 1946 and a provisional airport with a 1,200-metre (3,900 ft) runway was officially opened on 8 May. Between autumn 1951 and spring 1953, the east–west runway was extended to 1,600 metres (5,200 ft) and the "Zollfreistrasse" (customs-free road) was constructed, allowing access from Basel
Basel
to the departure terminal without passing through French border controls. The first enlargement project was approved by referendum in Basel
Basel
in 1960 and, over the following decades, the terminals and runways were continually extended. The north–south runway was extended further to 3,900 metres (12,800 ft) in 1972. In 1984, an annual total of 1 million passengers was reached. In 1987, the trademark name EuroAirport Basel–Mulhouse– Freiburg
Freiburg
was introduced.[6] In 1992 a total of 2 million passengers used the airport. By 1998, this number rose up to 3 million. Development in the 2000s[edit] A decision was made to enlarge the terminals again with a new "Y-finger" dock. The first phase was completed in 2002 and the second phase in 2005. Crossair
Crossair
was based at Basel
Basel
and was its largest airline. Following the Swissair
Swissair
liquidation in 2001, the subsequent ending of services in early 2002, and the transformation of Crossair
Crossair
into Swiss International Air Lines, the number of flights from Basel
Basel
fell and the new terminal was initially underused. In 2004 the low cost carrier easyJet opened a base at Basel
Basel
and the passenger totals rose again, reaching 4 million in 2006. From 2007 until 2009, Ryanair
Ryanair
also flew to the airport for the first time. However, as result of a dispute over landing fees, the airline closed all eight routes.[7] More recently Ryanair
Ryanair
announced it would return in April 2014, with the resumption of Basel–Dublin route as well as the new route Basel
Basel
– London–Stansted. Since then, Ryanair has hinted at the possibility of adding new routes in the foreseeable future. In December 2014, Swiss International Air Lines
Swiss International Air Lines
announced it would cease all operations at Basel
Basel
by 31 May 2015 due to heavy competition from low-cost carriers.[8] Swiss faced direct competition on five out of its six Basel
Basel
routes, all of which were operated by Swiss Global Air Lines. The Lufthansa Group
Lufthansa Group
announced it would set up Eurowings' first base outside Germany
Germany
at the EuroAirport as a replacement. However these plans were later cancelled in favour of Vienna International Airport.[9] In January 2017, it has been announced that Air Berlin
Air Berlin
including its Swiss subsidiary Belair are cancelling Basel/ Mulhouse
Mulhouse
from their schedules entirely as part of restructuring measures.[10] International status[edit] EuroAirport is one of the few airports in the world operated jointly by two countries[citation needed], in this case France
France
and Switzerland. It is governed by a 1949 international convention. The headquarters of the airport's operations are located in Blotzheim, France.[11] The airport is located completely on French soil; the airport has a Swiss customs area connected to Basel
Basel
by a 2.5 km (1.6 mi) long customs road. The airport is operated via a state treaty established in 1946 wherein the two countries ( Switzerland
Switzerland
and France) are granted access to the airport without any customs or other border restrictions. The airport's board has 8 members each from France
France
and Switzerland
Switzerland
and two advisers from Germany.[12] The airport building is split into two separate sections – Swiss and French. Though the whole airport is on French soil and under French jurisdiction, the Swiss authorities have the authority to apply Swiss laws regarding customs, medical services and police work in the Swiss section, including the customs road connecting Basel
Basel
with the airport. However, French police are allowed to execute random checks in the Swiss section as well.[12] With Switzerland
Switzerland
joining the Schengen Treaty in March 2009, the air side was rearranged to include a Schengen and non-Schengen zone.[13] As border control is staffed by both Swiss and French border officers, passengers departing to or arriving from non-Schengen countries may receive either a Swiss or French passport stamp, depending on which officer they happen to approach. Due to its international status, EuroAirport has three IATA airport codes: BSL (Basel) is the Swiss code, MLH (Mulhouse) is the French code and EAP (EuroAirport) is the neutral code.[1] The ICAO airport code is: LFSB, sometimes LSZM is used to designate the Swiss airport.[2] Terminal[edit] The EuroAirport consists of a single terminal building, a brick-style main area with four levels and the Y-shaped gate area attached to it. The basement (Level 1) contains the access to the car park, the ground level (Level 2) features the arrivals facilities. Level 3 sees the check-in area divided into halls 1-4 while the departure gates are located at Level 4. The gate area features gates 1-2, 20-46, 60-61 and 78-87 of which gates 22-32 are used for non-Schengen flights.[14] Six of the boarding gates feature jet bridges, the others are used for walk- or bus-boarding. As described above, the landside areas are uniquely divided into a French and a Swiss part. Airlines and destinations[edit] Passenger[edit] The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at the EuroAirport:[15]

Airlines Destinations

Aegean Airlines Athens

Aigle Azur Algiers, Constantine, Oran, Sétif

Air Algérie Constantine

Air Arabia Maroc Casablanca

Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Paris–Orly

Air Transat Seasonal: Montréal–Trudeau

Air VIA Seasonal charter: Burgas

Austrian Airlines Vienna

British Airways London–Heathrow

Brussels Airlines Brussels

easyJet Amsterdam, Barcelona, Bristol, Berlin–Schönefeld, Edinburgh, Hamburg, Lamezia Terme (begins 8 June 2018), Lisbon, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, Manchester, Naples, Toulouse, Venice

easyJet Switzerland Alicante, Amsterdam, Barcelona, Belgrade (begins 31 July 2018),[16] Berlin–Schönefeld, Bordeaux, Brindisi, Brussels, Budapest, Catania, Copenhagen, Dresden, Edinburgh, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Hamburg, Kraków, Lanzarote, Larnaca, Lisbon, London–Gatwick, Madrid, Malaga, Marrakech, Montpellier, Nantes, Nice, Palma de Mallorca, Porto, Prague, Pristina, Rome-Fiumicino, Santiago de Compostela, Seville, Stockholm–Arlanda, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Tenerife–South, Toulouse, Venice, Vienna (begins 8 June 2018) Seasonal: Ajaccio, Athens (begins 1 August 2018), Bastia, Biarritz, Cagliari, Calvi (begins 1 August 2018), Dubrovnik, Faro, Figari, Ibiza, Menorca (begins 3 August 2018), Mykonos, Olbia, Pisa, Pula (begins 30 June 2018), Reykjavík–Keflavík, Split, Thessaloniki

Eurowings Düsseldorf Seasonal: Palma de Mallorca[17]

Iberia Madrid

KLM Amsterdam

Laudamotion Seasonal: Heraklion (begins 25 June 2018),[18] Palma de Mallorca (begins 28 April 2018)[18]

Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich

Nouvelair Seasonal: Djerba (begins 19 May 2018)[19]

Orange2Fly Charter: Pristina[20]

Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen

Ryanair Dublin, London–Stansted

SkyWork Airlines Vienna Seasonal: Heringsdorf,1 Jersey,1 Sylt1

SunExpress Antalya Seasonal: Izmir

TUI fly Deutschland Agadir, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria Seasonal: Boa Vista, Corfu, Funchal, Heraklion, Kos, Marrakech, Menorca, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Sal, Tenerife–South

Tunisair Djerba

Turkish Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk

Vueling Barcelona

Wizz Air Belgrade, Bucharest, Budapest (begins 3 May 2018), Cluj-Napoca, Niš, Ohrid, Osijek, Sibiu (begins 21 June 2018),[21] Skopje, Sofia, Tuzla, Warsaw-Chopin, Wrocław (begins 31 March 2018)

^1 On some SkyWork Airlines
SkyWork Airlines
flights to and from Heringsdorf, Jersey and Sylt, Basel
Basel
is only an intermediate stop on the way from or to Bern Airport. However, SkyWork does not sell tickets on the Swiss domestic sector.[22] Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations

AirBridgeCargo Airlines Moscow-Sheremetyevo[23]

ASL Airlines Belgium Liège

DHL Aviation East Midlands, Geneva, Leipzig/Halle

FedEx Feeder Paris–Charles de Gaulle

Korean Air Cargo Seoul–Incheon, Vienna

Qatar Airways Cargo Doha, Brussels, London
London
Heathrow, London
London
Stansted

UPS Airlines Cologne/Bonn, Geneva, Sarajevo[24][25]

Statistics[edit] Route statistics[edit]

Busiest routes at EuroAirport Basel–Mulhouse– Freiburg
Freiburg
Airport (2017) [26]

Rank City 2017 Passengers 2016 Passengers

1 Berlin 222 665 217 504

2 Amsterdam 210 215 206 986

3 Palma de Mallorca 182 496 155 949

4 Barcelona 173 414 170 492

5 London
London
(Gatwick) 138 051 135 895

6 London
London
(Heathrow) 129 091 126 362

7 Pristina 115 066 105 338

8 Hamburg 112 104 113 642

9 Porto 106 307 103 998

10 Nice 92 490 87 752

11 Frankfurt 83 348 76 381

12 Madrid 80 318

13 Munich 80 186 76 625

14 Istanbul
Istanbul
(Sabiha Gökçen) 78 588 70 338

15 Paris
Paris
(Charles de Gaulle) 76 900 82 424

16 Istanbul
Istanbul
(Atatürk) 73 527 72 896

Passenger development[edit]

EuroAirport Basel-Mulhouse- Freiburg
Freiburg
Passenger Totals 1950-2017 (millions)[27][28]

Updated: 18 January 2018

Other facilities[edit]

Swiss International Air Lines
Swiss International Air Lines
head office at EuroAirport

The headquarters of Swiss International Air Lines
Swiss International Air Lines
and Swiss Global Air Lines are on the grounds at EuroAirport Basel–Mulhouse– Freiburg
Freiburg
in the Swiss section of the airport; even though the airport is within France, the Swiss head office is only accessible from Switzerland.[29][30] The Swiss division Swiss Aviation Software has its head office there as well.[31] Farnair Switzerland
Switzerland
formerly had its head office at EuroAirport. As in the case of the Swiss head office, the area with the former Farnair head office may only be accessed from Switzerland.[32] The head office moved to its current location, the Villa Guggenheim in Allschwil, in proximity to EuroAirport, on 1 October 2011.[33] Hello, a now defunct Swiss airline, had its head office in the General Aviation area of EuroAirport.[34] Prior to the formation of Swiss International Air Lines, the regional airline Crossair
Crossair
was headquartered on the grounds of EuroAirport.[35] Prior to its dissolution, Crossair
Crossair
Europe was headquartered on the grounds of EuroAirport as well.[36]

Ground transportation[edit] Car[edit]

Location of the airport relative to Basel
Basel
and its surroundings

The airport is connected to motorway A3 which leads from Basel
Basel
to the southeast of Switzerland
Switzerland
passing Zürich. Bus[edit] There are several bus connections to and from the EuroAirport to all three countries around it:

On the Swiss exit Basel's BVB bus No. 50[37] connects the airport to Bahnhof SBB, which is the main Swiss and French railway station in Basel. During weekdays, there is a service every 7–8 minutes and on weekends, every 10 minutes during daytime. The duration of the trip is about 20 minutes. On the day of a visitor's arrival to Basel, a reservation confirmation from a local hotel guarantees a free transfer by public transport from the station or the EuroAirport to the hotel.[38] On the French exit Saint-Louis' distribus bus No. 11[39] connects the airport to the gare SNCF, Saint-Louis's railway station in 10 minutes. The German private bus company Flixbus
Flixbus
calls Zürich, Basel
Basel
and Freiburg
Freiburg
i.Br. up to five times a day. FlixBus however only serves the French exit of the airport. Serving Swiss destinations from the French part of the airport is a questionable legal trick, as people transport by foreign companies inside of Switzerland
Switzerland
is illegal without official authorization due to cabotage regulations, which will not be granted by Swiss authorities on routes already supported by tax-financed public services. It's illegal to travel between Swiss destinations only. Police started to do random checks and to fine failing travelers. Serving Swiss destinations from abroad however is compliant.[40][41]

See also[edit]

Transport in Switzerland Mulhouse–Habsheim Airport

Notes[edit]

^ IATA airport 3-letter codes for the French area, the Swiss area, and the metropolitan area

References[edit]

^ a b c "Airline and Airport Code Search: 3-letter airport code". Quebec, Canada: International Air Transport Association (IATA). Retrieved 2014-11-06. Search for location  ^ a b LFSB – BÂLE-MULHOUSE. AIP from French Service d'information aéronautique, effective 29 March 2018. ^ "Annual Report 2013 (2/3): Key Figures" (PDF) (annual report) (in French, German, and English). l’Aéroport de Bâle-Mulhouse. 21 May 2014. Retrieved 2014-11-06.  ^ EAD Basic Archived 23 August 2014 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Bell, E. A. (10 May 1945). "Swiss Planning". Flight and Aircraft Engineer. Royal Aero Club. XLVII (1898): 501. Retrieved 5 July 2016.  ^ "EuroAirport - Serving the needs of the RegioTriRhena". EuroAirport Basel
Basel
Mulhouse
Mulhouse
Freiburg. Retrieved 6 June 2015.  ^ " Ryanair
Ryanair
verlässt den EuroAiport". baz.ch/. Retrieved 6 June 2015.  ^ "Kurznachrichten: SWISS verlässt Basel, Regierungsterminal in Berlin und Fluggastzahlen von Air France". airportzentrale.de. Retrieved 6 June 2015.  ^ "Lufthansa-Billigairline: Eurowings: Wien statt Basel
Basel
- aeroTELEGRAPH". aeroTELEGRAPH. Retrieved 6 June 2015.  ^ "Das Streckennetz der new airberlin - airberlin.com". Retrieved 26 February 2017.  ^ "General conditions of use Archived 28 March 2013 at the Wayback Machine.". EuroAirport. Retrieved on 24 September 2009. "The Site is published by Basel– Mulhouse
Mulhouse
Airport, a Franco-Swiss public enterprise governed by the international convention of 4 July 1949 concerning its construction and operation and the headquarters of which are situated at 68730 Blotzheim, France". ^ a b "Schweizerisch-Französischer Staatsvertrag vom 4. Juli 1949 (Höflichkeitsübersetzung)" (in German). EuroAirport Basel
Basel
Mulhouse Freiburg. 1 November 2006. Retrieved 2014-11-05.  ^ "Terminal plan". EuroAirport Basel
Basel
Mulhouse
Mulhouse
Freiburg. Archived from the original on 12 May 2012. Retrieved 5 November 2014.  ^ "Terminalplan". Archived from the original on 29 March 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2015.  ^ "Timetable". Retrieved 6 June 2015.  ^ http://www.exyuaviation.com/2017/12/easyjet-to-launch-basel-belgrade-service.html ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 October 2016. Retrieved 2016-10-07.  ^ a b " Laudamotion
Laudamotion
outlines summer 2018 operations". routesonline.com. 16 March 2018.  ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/277173/nouvelair-tunisie-adds-djerba-basel-seasonal-route-in-s18/ ^ https://www.flyrbp.com/ ^ https://wizzair.com/en-gb/information-and-services/about-us/news/2017/11/27/wizz-air-announced-expanding-sibiu-s-network ^ http://www.austrianaviation.net/news-international/news-detail/datum/2015/06/01/skywork-uebernimmt-basel-london-city.html ^ "AIRBRIDGECARGO AIRLINES FIRST FLIGHT GETS A SPLASHING WELCOME AT BASEL AIRPORT". AirBridgeCargo Airlines. Archived from the original on 19 April 2015. Retrieved 23 September 2014.  ^ http://flyingbosnian.blogspot.com/2017/05/passengers-and-cargo-air-traffic.html ^ https://www.bfs.admin.ch/bfs/de/home/statistiken/mobilitaet-verkehr/querschnittsthemen/zivilluftfahrt/linien-charterverkehr.assetdetail.2040601.html ^ https://www.bfs.admin.ch/bfs/de/home/statistiken/mobilitaet-verkehr/querschnittsthemen/zivilluftfahrt/linien-charterverkehr.assetdetail.4622491.html ^ "Statistiken des EuroAirport - Statistiken des Flughafens Basel-Mulhouse". Retrieved 6 June 2015.  ^ Peter Sennhauser, David Bauer. "Mehr Passagiere, weniger Flugzeuge, mehr Klagen: Die Entwicklung des EuroAirport Basel- Mulhouse
Mulhouse
in sieben Grafiken -  TagesWoche ". Tageswoche. Retrieved 6 June 2015.  ^ "Facts and figures Archived 1 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine.". Swiss International Air Lines. Retrieved on 13 June 2009. ^ " Swiss International Air Lines
Swiss International Air Lines
Basel
Basel
Archived 25 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine.". Swiss International Air Lines. Retrieved on 24 September 2009. ^ "CONTACT". Swiss Aviation Software. Retrieved on 17 September 2011. "Swiss AviationSoftware Ltd. BSLSAS/MA P.O.Box, CH-4002 Basel, Switzerland
Switzerland
Marketing & Administration" The location is implied by this picture which is of the Swiss head office at Basel
Basel
Airport. ^ "How to find us". Farnair Europe. Retrieved on 8 December 2010. ^ "Contact Us". (Archived 20 February 2012 at WebCite) Farnair Switzerland. Retrieved on 19 February 2012. ^ "Hello Location Archived 10 November 2010 at the Wayback Machine.". (Direct image link[dead link]) Hello. Retrieved on 1 July 2010. ^ "Location". Crossair. Retrieved on 13 June 2009. ^ World Airline Directory. Flight International. 23–29 March 2004. 58. ^ "BVB – Line network". Basel, Switzerland: BVB. Retrieved 2014-11-05.  ^ "Mobility Ticket". Basel, Switzerland: Basel
Basel
Tourismus. Retrieved 2016-08-17.  ^ "distribus ligne 11" (PDF). Saint-Louis, France: distribus. Retrieved 2014-11-05.  ^ Petar Marjanovic (16 June 2016). "Umstrittene SBB-Konkurrenz: Bund will Fernbus-Tricksern an den Kragen". Blick (in German). Zurich, Switzerland. Retrieved 2016-07-03.  ^ SDA/gr (10 November 2016). "Bundesrat über Fernbus-Trickser: Verstösse kaum nachzuweisen!". Blick (in German). Zurich, Switzerland. Retrieved 2016-07-03. 

External links[edit] Media related to EuroAirport at Wikimedia Commons

Official website (in English) (in French) (in German) Aeronautical chart for LFSB at SkyVector Current weather for LFSB at NOAA/NWS Accident history for BSL at Aviation Safety Network Accident history for MLH at Aviation Safety Network "Franco-Swiss treaty for the construction and use of Basel–Mulhouse airport in Blotzheim" (1949). Text available in French and German. History of Basel
Basel
Airport on Airport Website. (in German) Information and some history on Airport Website. (in English)

France
France
portal Switzerland
Switzerland
portal Aviation portal

v t e

Airports in France

Major international

Bordeaux Lyon Marseille Nantes Nice Paris–Charles de Gaulle Paris–Orly Toulouse Basel
Basel
Mulhouse
Mulhouse
Freiburg

Minor international

Ajaccio Avignon Bastia Beauvais Bergerac Béziers Biarritz Brest Brive Caen Calvi Carcassonne Châlons Vatry Chambéry Châteauroux Clermont-Ferrand Deauville Dinard Dole Figari Grenoble La Rochelle Le Touquet Lille Limoges Lorient Metz–Nancy–Lorraine Montpellier Nîmes Pau Perpignan Poitiers Quimper Rennes Rodez Saint-Tropez Strasbourg Tarbes–Lourdes–Pyrénées Toulon Tours

Domestic

Agen Angers Aurillac Castres Épinal Lannion Le Puy Périgueux Rouen

Overseas

Pointe-à-Pitre Fort-de-France St. Barthélémy Saint-Martin Grand Case Cayenne Saint-Denis de La Réunion Dzaoudzi Nouméa La Tontouta Nouméa Magenta Lifou Tahiti-Fa'a'ā Raiatea Bora Bora

Unscheduled

Abbeville Angoulême Annecy Bourg Cannes Chalon Cherbourg Dijon Île d'Yeu Le Havre Moulins Pontoise Troyes Saint-Étienne Villefranche

v t e

Airports in Switzerland

Major international

Basel
Basel
Mulhouse
Mulhouse
Freiburg Geneva Zürich

Minor international

Bern La Chaux-de-Fonds Lugano Sion St. Gallen–Altenrhein

Unscheduled

Grenchen Lausanne Samedan

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 140643874 ISNI: 0000 0001 2292 8641 GND: 4404001-5 SUDOC: 034130802 BNF:

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