EURAMERICA (also known as LAURUSSIA (not to be confused with Laurasia
), the OLD RED CONTINENT or the OLD RED SANDSTONE CONTINENT) was a
minor supercontinent created in the
Devonian as the result of a
collision between the Laurentian ,
Baltica , and
Caledonian orogeny ), 433 million years ago. In the Late
Carboniferous , tropical rainforests lay over the equator of
Euramerica. A major, abrupt change in vegetation occurred when the
climate aridified. The forest fragmented and the lycopsids which
dominated these wetlands thinned out, being replaced by opportunistic
ferns. There was also a great loss of amphibian diversity and
simultaneously the drier climate spurred the diversification of
* 1 Extent
* 2 Events by period
* 3 See also
* 4 References
* 5 External links
Euramerica in the
Euramerica became a part of the major supercontinent
Pangaea in the
Permian . In the
Jurassic , when
Pangaea rifted into two continents ,
Euramerica was a part of Laurasia.
Laurasia split into the continents of North
Eurasia . The Laurentian craton became a part of North
Baltica became a part of
Eurasia , and
split between the two.
EVENTS BY PERIOD
* Carboniferous: Climate change devastated tropical rainforests,
fragmenting the forests into isolated 'islands' and causing the
extinction of many plant and animal species during the Carboniferous
Rainforest Collapse (CRC).
Euramerica became a part of the supercontinent Pangaea.
Pangaea rifted into
Laurasia split into the continents of North America
Main Uralian Fault
* ^ Sahney, Sarda; Benton, Michael J.; Falcon-Lang, Howard J.
(2010). "Rainforest collapse triggered Pennsylvanian tetrapod
diversification in Euramerica" (PDF). Geology. 38 (12): 1079–1082.
doi :10.1130/G31182.1 .