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Dame Eunice Mary Kennedy Shriver, DSG (July 10, 1921 – August 11, 2009)[2] was a member of the Kennedy family; she was the sister of President John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
and senators Robert F. Kennedy
Robert F. Kennedy
and Ted Kennedy. Her husband, Sargent Shriver, was the United States Ambassador to France during the Lyndon Johnson presidency. In 1962, she founded Camp Shriver, which started on her Maryland farm known as Timberlawn, and evolved into Special Olympics
Special Olympics
in 1968.[3]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Political career 3 Charity work and awards 4 Personal life 5 Later years and death

5.1 Funeral and burial

6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Early life[edit] Eunice Mary Kennedy was born in Brookline, Massachusetts; she was the fifth of nine children of Joseph P. Kennedy, Sr., and Rose Fitzgerald. She was educated at the Convent of The Sacred Heart, Roehampton, London
London
and at Manhattanville College
Manhattanville College
in Upper Manhattan (the school later moved farther north to Purchase, New York). After graduating from Stanford University
Stanford University
with a bachelor of science degree in sociology in 1943,[4] she worked for the Special
Special
War Problems Division of the U.S. State Department. She eventually moved to the U.S. Justice Department as executive secretary for a project dealing with juvenile delinquency. She served as a social worker at the Federal Industrial Institution for Women for one year before moving to Chicago
Chicago
in 1951 to work with the House of the Good Shepherd
House of the Good Shepherd
women's shelter and the Chicago
Chicago
Juvenile Court.[5] In 1969, Shriver moved to France and pursued her interest in intellectual disability there. She started organizing small activities with Paris organizations, mostly reaching out to families of kids who had special needs to provide activities for them, laying the foundation for a robust international expansion of the Special Olympics in the late ’70s and ’80s.[6] Political career[edit] Shriver actively campaigned for her elder brother, John, during his successful 1960 U.S. presidential election. In 1968, she helped Anne McGlone Burke nationalize the Special Olympics
Special Olympics
movement and is the only woman to have her portrait appear, during her lifetime, on a U.S. coin – the 1995 commemorative Special Olympics
Special Olympics
silver dollar. Although Shriver was a Democrat, she was a vocal supporter of the pro-life movement. In 1990, Shriver wrote a letter to The New York Times denouncing the misuse of a quotation by President Kennedy used out of context by a pro-choice group.[7] During Bill Clinton's 1992 Democratic U.S. presidential campaign, she was one of several prominent Democrats – including Governor Robert P. Casey
Robert P. Casey
of Pennsylvania, and Bishop Austin Vaughan
Austin Vaughan
of New York – who signed a letter to The New York Times
The New York Times
protesting the Democratic Party's pro-choice plank in its platform. Shriver was a supporter of several pro-life organizations: Feminists for Life
Feminists for Life
of America,[8] the Susan B. Anthony List,[9] and Democrats for Life of America. A lifelong Democrat, she supported her Republican son-in-law Arnold Schwarzenegger's successful 2003 Governor of California election. On January 28, 2008, Shriver was present at American University
American University
in Washington, D.C., when her brother, U.S. Senator Edward M. Kennedy, announced his endorsement of Barack Obama's 2008 Democratic U.S. presidential campaign.[10] Charity work and awards[edit] See also: List of Presidential Medal of Freedom
Presidential Medal of Freedom
recipients

Eunice Kennedy Shriver
Eunice Kennedy Shriver
in 1980

In 2008, the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development was renamed in honor of Eunice Kennedy Shriver.

Eunice Kennedy Shriver
Eunice Kennedy Shriver
speaks at March 3, 2008 ceremony in her honor

A longtime advocate for children's health and disability issues, Shriver was a key founder of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), a part of the National Institutes of Health in 1962. She has also helped to establish numerous other university programs, government initiatives, health-care facilities, and support service networks throughout the country. In 1961, she championed the creation of the President's Panel on Mental Retardation which was significant in the movement from institutionalization to community integration in the US and throughout the world, a major public policy challenge.[11] In 1982, Shriver founded the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Center for Community of Caring at University of Utah, Salt Lake City. The Community is a "grades K-12, whole school, comprehensive character education program with a focus on disabilities... adopted by almost 1,200 schools nationwide and in Canada."[12] She was awarded the nation's highest civilian award, the (U.S.) Presidential Medal of Freedom, in 1984 by U.S. President Ronald Reagan, because of her work on behalf of those with intellectual disability.[13] In 1990 Shriver was awarded the Eagle Award from the United States Sports Academy. The Eagle Award is the Academy's highest international honor and was awarded to Shriver for her significant contributions to international sport.[14] In 1992, Shriver received the Award for Greatest Public Service Benefiting the Disadvantaged, an award given out annually by Jefferson Awards.[15] For her work in nationalizing the Special
Special
Olympics, Shriver received the Civitan International
Civitan International
World Citizenship Award.[16] Her advocacy on this issue has also earned her other awards and recognitions, including honorary degrees from numerous universities.[17][18] She is the second American and only woman to appear on a US coin while still living. Her portrait is on the obverse of the 1995 commemorative silver dollar honoring the Special
Special
Olympics. On the reverse is the quotation, "As we hope for the best in them, hope is reborn in us." Shriver received the 2002 Theodore Roosevelt Award (the Teddy),[19] an annual award given by the National Collegiate Athletic Association
National Collegiate Athletic Association
to a graduate from an NCAA member institution who earned a varsity letter in college for participation in intercollegiate athletics, and who ultimately became a distinguished citizen of national reputation based on outstanding life accomplishment. In addition to the Teddy recognition, she was selected in 2006 as part of the NCAA Centennial celebration as one of the 100 most-influential individuals in its first century; she was listed ninth.[19] In 2006, she received a papal knighthood from Pope Benedict XVI, being made a Dame of the Order of St. Gregory the Great
Order of St. Gregory the Great
(DSG). Her mother had been created a papal countess in 1950 by Pope Pius XII.[20] In 2008, the U.S. Congress changed the NICHD’s name to the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. In December 2008, Sports Illustrated
Sports Illustrated
named her the first recipient of Sportsman of the Year Legacy Award.[21] On May 9, 2009, the Smithsonian Institution's National Portrait Gallery (NPG) in Washington, D.C., unveiled an historic portrait of her, the first portrait the NPG has ever commissioned of an individual who had not served as a U.S. President or First Lady. The portrait depicts her with four Special Olympics
Special Olympics
athletes (including Loretta Claiborne) and one Best Buddies participant. It was painted by David Lenz, the winner of the Outwin Boochever Portrait Competition
Outwin Boochever Portrait Competition
in 2006. As part of the Portrait Competition prize, the NPG commissioned a work from the winning artist to depict a living subject for the collection. Lenz, whose son, Sam, has Down syndrome
Down syndrome
and is an enthusiastic Special Olympics athlete, was inspired by Shriver’s dedication to working with people with intellectual disabilities. Shriver became involved with Dorothy Hamill's special skating program in the Special Olympics
Special Olympics
after Hamill's Olympics Games
Olympics Games
ice-skating win. In September 2010, the State University of New York at Brockport, home of the 1979 Special
Special
Olympics, renamed its football stadium after Shriver.[22] In July 2017, she posthumously received the Arthur Ashe
Arthur Ashe
Courage Award at the 2017 ESPY Awards. Personal life[edit] On May 23, 1953, she married Sargent Shriver
Sargent Shriver
in a Roman Catholic ceremony at Saint Patrick's Cathedral in New York City.[23] Her husband served as the U.S. Ambassador to France from 1968 to 1970 and was the 1972 Democratic U.S. Vice Presidential candidate (with George McGovern as the candidate for U.S. President).[23] They had five children:

Robert Sargent Shriver
Sargent Shriver
III (born April 28, 1954) Maria Owings Shriver (born November 6, 1955) Timothy Perry Shriver (born August 29, 1959) Mark Kennedy Shriver (born February 17, 1964) Anthony Paul Kennedy Shriver (born July 20, 1965)

With her husband, she had nineteen grandchildren, the second-most of any of her siblings (her brother Robert had eleven children who have produced thirty-four grandchildren).[24] Her daughter Maria Shriver
Maria Shriver
is divorced from actor and former California Governor
California Governor
Arnold Schwarzenegger. As executive vice president of the Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr. Foundation in the 1950s, she shifted the organization's focus from Catholic charities to research on the causes of intellectual disabilities and humane ways to treat them.[25] This interest eventually culminated in, among other things, the Special Olympics
Special Olympics
movement. Upon the death of her sister Rosemary Kennedy
Rosemary Kennedy
on January 7, 2005, Shriver became the eldest of the four then-surviving children of Joseph and Rose Kennedy. Her sister Patricia Kennedy died on September 17, 2006, and her brother Edward M. Kennedy died on August 25, 2009, leaving former U.S. Ambassador to Ireland Jean Kennedy Smith
Jean Kennedy Smith
as the only surviving sibling.[26] Later years and death[edit] Shriver, who was believed to have suffered from Addison's disease,[27] suffered a stroke and a broken hip in 2005, and on November 18, 2007, she was admitted to Massachusetts General Hospital
Massachusetts General Hospital
in Boston, where she spent several weeks.[28][29] On August 7, 2009, she was admitted to Cape Cod Hospital
Cape Cod Hospital
in Hyannis, with an undisclosed ailment.[30] On August 10, her relatives were called to the hospital.[31] Early the following morning, Shriver died at the hospital; she was 88 years old.[2][32] Shriver's family issued a statement upon her death, reading in part:

Inspired by her love of God, her devotion to her family, and her relentless belief in the dignity and worth of every human life, she worked without ceasing—searching, pushing, demanding, hoping for change. She was a living prayer, a living advocate, a living center of power. She set out to change the world and to change us, and she did that and more. She founded the movement that became Special
Special
Olympics, the largest movement for acceptance and inclusion for people with intellectual disabilities in the history of the world. Her work transformed the lives of hundreds of millions of people across the globe, and they in turn are her living legacy.[33]

President Barack Obama
Barack Obama
remarked after Shriver's death that she was "an extraordinary woman who, as much as anyone, taught our nation—and our world—that no physical or mental barrier can restrain the power of the human spirit."[34] Funeral and burial[edit] On August 14, 2009, an invitation-only Requiem Mass
Requiem Mass
was celebrated for Shriver at St. Francis Xavier Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
Church in Hyannis. Following the Requiem Mass, she was buried at the St. Francis Xavier parish cemetery in nearby Centerville.[1] Pope Benedict XVI
Pope Benedict XVI
sent a letter of condolence to her family.[35] Because her brother Ted had terminal brain cancer, he was unable to attend the funeral,[36] and their sister Jean Smith stayed with him. Ted died two weeks later,[26][36] leaving Jean as the sole surviving child of Joseph and Rose Kennedy. See also[edit]

Biography portal

Kennedy family Kennedy family
Kennedy family
tree National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Special
Special
Olympics

References[edit]

^ a b c Staff writer (August 14, 2009). " Special
Special
Olympians, Family Celebrate Eunice Kennedy Shriver" Archived 2009-08-17 at the Wayback Machine.. The Associated Press
Associated Press
(at WJAR
WJAR
television's website turnto10.com). Retrieved August 16, 2000. ^ a b Grinberg, Emanuella (n.d.). " Eunice Kennedy Shriver
Eunice Kennedy Shriver
dies". Edition.cnn.com. Retrieved August 11, 2009.  ^ "Eunice Kennedy Shriver". Special
Special
Olympics. Retrieved 2017-09-04.  ^ Smith, J.Y. (August 11, 2009). "Eunice Kennedy Shriver, Founder of Special
Special
Olympics, Dies at 88" The Washington Post. Retrieved August 11, 2009. ^ Baranauckas, Carla (August 12, 2009). "Eunice Shriver, Founder of Special
Special
Olympics, Dies". The New York Times. (website registration required) ^ Cooper, Chet. " Timothy Shriver
Timothy Shriver
Special
Special
Olympics". ABILITY Magazine. Retrieved 18 February 2014.  ^ Biofiles: Eunice Kennedy Shriver
Eunice Kennedy Shriver
[1]. Retrieved August 11, 2009. ^ Shriver, Eunice Kennedy, "Remarkable Pro-Life Women" Archived 2008-05-29 at the Wayback Machine. ( PDF
PDF
format) The American Feminist, The Quarterly Magazine of Feminists for Life
Feminists for Life
of America, Vol. 5, No. 4, Winter 1998–1999, p. 18. Accessed May 28, 2008. ^ Susan B. Anthony
Susan B. Anthony
List, Notable Names Database. Accessed May 28, 2008. ^ Alexander, Amy, "A Torch Passed", The Nation, January 28, 2008. Retrieved August 11, 2009.[dead link] ^ Braddock, D. (2010, February). Honoring Eunice Kennedy Shriver's legacy in intellectual disability. Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 48(1): 63–72. ^ "About Community of Caring" Archived 2009-03-31 at the Wayback Machine.. Eunice Kennedy Shriver
Eunice Kennedy Shriver
National Center for Community of Caring. Undated. Retrieved August 14, 2009. ^ "Remarks at the Presentation Ceremony for the Presidential Medal of Freedom", Archives – Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
Presidential Library, administered by the National Archives and Records Administration. March 26, 1984. Accessed May 28, 2008. ^ "News 21/01/08 – FISU President Receives USSA Award". Fisu.net. 2008-01-21. Retrieved 2011-05-26.  ^ "National - Jefferson Awards Foundation".  ^ Armbrester, Margaret E. (1992). The Civitan Story. Birmingham, AL: Ebsco Media. p. 95.  ^ " Eunice Kennedy Shriver
Eunice Kennedy Shriver
– Doctor of Public Service" The Shriver Center, The University of Maryland, Baltimore County. Accessed May 28, 2008. ^ "Eunice Kennedy Shriver". Special
Special
Olympics. archive.org. Archived from the original on 2008-01-28. Retrieved August 12, 2009.  ^ a b Staff writer (August 11, 2009). "2002 Teddy winner Shriver dies at 88"[permanent dead link]. NCAA News (at the National Collegiate Athletic Association). Retrieved August 15, 2009. ^ "Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy - John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Presidential Library & Museum". www.jfklibrary.org.  ^ "Eunice Kennedy Shriver's legacy lives on with Special Olympics".  ^ [2][dead link] ^ a b Archives. R(obert) "Sargent Shriver: An Inventory of His Personal Papers, 1948–1976, Papers (#214) – J" John F. Kennedy Presidential Library & Museum, John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Library National Archives and Records Administration ^ "Taylor Swift -- "You Belong with Me" (2009)". 2or3lines.blogspot.de.  ^ Smith, J.Y. (August 12, 2009). "Eunice Kennedy Shriver, Special Olympics Founder, Dies at 88". washingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2010-03-02.  ^ a b Staff writer. " Ted Kennedy
Ted Kennedy
Dies of Brain Cancer at Age 77 — 'Liberal Lion' of the Senate Led Storied Political Family After Deaths of President John F. Kennedy, Sen. Robert F. Kennedy". ABC News. Retrieved August 26, 2009. ^ Dallek, Robert (2003). An Unfinished Life: John F. Kennedy, 1917–1963. London: Penguin Books. pp. 105, 731. ISBN 978-0-14-101535-4.  ^ " Eunice Kennedy Shriver
Eunice Kennedy Shriver
Hospitalized". washingtonpost.com. Associated Press. November 25, 2007. Retrieved 2009-08-12.  ^ Beggy, Carol and Mark Shanahan, "She's loyal to father's 'Ideal'", The Boston
Boston
Globe, January 14, 2008. Retrieved August 11, 2009. ^ McGreevy, Patrick. "Schwarzenegger, Maria Shriver
Maria Shriver
at Eunice Shriver's bedside", Los Angeles Times. August 7, 2009. Retrieved August 7, 2009. ^ Staff writer (August 11, 2009). "Eunice Kennedy Shriver's relatives called to hospital". CNN.com. Retrieved August 11, 2009.  ^ Allen, Mike (August 11, 2009). " Eunice Kennedy Shriver
Eunice Kennedy Shriver
dies". Politico.Com. Retrieved August 11, 2009.  ^ "Statement from The Shriver Family". Eunice Kennedy Shriver's website. 2009-08-11. Retrieved 2009-08-11.  ^ Farr, Michael (August 11, 2010). "One year ago: Eunice Kennedy Shriver". Los Angeles Times.  ^ "Pope's Letter to Kennedy-Shriver Family". Archived from the original on 2011-06-08. Retrieved 2009-08-20.  ^ a b McMullen, Troy (August 26, 2009). "The Last Kennedy — Death of Ted Kennedy
Ted Kennedy
Leaves One Surviving Child of Joseph and Rose Kennedy". ABC News. Retrieved August 26, 2009.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Eunice Kennedy Shriver.

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Eunice Kennedy Shriver

eunicekennedyshriver.org, Shriver's official website "Statement from The Shriver Family", (August 11, 2009) on Shriver's official website Shriver, Maria (August 14, 2009). Transcript. "Maria Shriver's Eulogy of Her Mother", The Boston
Boston
Globe. Accessed August 31, 2009. "Statement from the President on the Passing Of Eunice Kennedy Shriver", (August 11, 2009) on the White House's website Staff writer (undated). "Eunice Kennedy Shriver", obituary by The Associated Press
Associated Press
(at The Boston
Boston
Globe) Staff writer (August 11, 2009). "Eunice Kennedy Shriver", obituary at The Daily Telegraph " Special
Special
Olympians, Family Celebrate Eunice Kennedy Shriver", article on funeral and burial by The Associated Press
Associated Press
(at WJAR
WJAR
television's website turnto10.com) Eunice Kennedy Shriver
Eunice Kennedy Shriver
on IMDb specialolympics.org, Special
Special
Olympics's official website communityofcaring.org, Eunice Kennedy Shriver
Eunice Kennedy Shriver
National Center for Community of Caring's official website Shapiro, Joseph, Eunice Kennedy Shriver's Olympic Legacy, (April 5, 2007) Morning Edition
Morning Edition
on National Public Radio's website (includes podcast as well as text) Coin of the Month, U.S. Mint "Coin of the Month" page (geared for children) on the 1995 Special Olympics
Special Olympics
Commemorative Silver Dollar

Awards and achievements

Preceded by William Cohen Theodore Roosevelt Award (NCAA) 2002 Succeeded by Donna de Varona

v t e

Special Olympics
Special Olympics
World Games

Summer

1968 1970 1972 1975 1979 1983 1987 1991 1995 1999 2003 2007 2011 2015 2019

Winter

1977 1981 1985 1989 1993 1997 2001 2005 2009 2013 2017

Countries

Cameroon Canada Estonia Great Britain India Mexico Pakistan Philippines United States

Others

Flame of Hope Law Enforcement Torch Run A Very Special
Special
Christmas

Key figures

Eunice Kennedy Shriver Anne McGlone Burke Sargent Shriver Timothy Shriver Loretta Claiborne Bruce Pasternack

v t e

Maryland Women's Hall of Fame

1985

Margaret Brent Rachel Carson Rita C. Davidson Gladys Spellman Harriet Tubman

1986

Lillie Mae Carroll Jackson Elizabeth Ann Seton Henrietta Szold Jeanette Rosner Wolman Hiltgunt Zassenhaus

1987

Clara Barton Frances Harper Juanita Jackson Mitchell Mary Shaw Shorb Helen B. Taussig

1988

Barbara Mikulski Sadie Kneller Miller Mary Eliza Risteau Martha Carey Thomas Verda Welcome

1989

Bertha Adkins Eugenie Clark Lavinia Engle Lena King Lee Estelle R. Ramey

1990

Lucille Maurer Enolia McMillan Pauli Murray Adele Hagner Stamp Mary Lemist Titcomb

1991

Rita R. Colwell Mary Elizabeth Lange Claire McCardell Bessie Moses Alta Schrock

1992

Annie Armstrong Anna Ella Carroll Rose Kushner Margaret Collins Schweinhaut Carmen Delgado Votaw

1993

Rosalyn Blake Bell Lucille Clifton Elizabeth King Ellicott Jean Spencer Martha Ellicott Tyson

1994

Rosalie Silber Abrams Mary Elizabeth Banning Harriet Elizabeth Brown Connie Morella Mary Adelaide Nutting

1995

Jill Moss Greenberg Mary L. Nock Amanda Taylor Norris Nettie Barcroft Taylor Euphemia Mary Goldsborough Willson

1996

Madeleine L. Ellicott Ethel Ennis Mary Digges Lee Brigid G. Leventhal Barbara A. Robinson

1997

Diane L. Adams Sol del Ande Mendez Eaton Catherine R. Gira Helen L. Koss Rosa Ponselle

1998

Constance Ross Beims Mary Katherine Goddard Elaine Ryan Hedges Mary Carter Smith

1999

Florence Riefle Bahr Lillian C. Compton Edith Houghton Hooker Elizabeth Fran Johnson Bernice Smith White

2000

Constance Uriolo Battle Lois Green Carr Sonia Pressman Fuentes Josephine Jacobsen Rosetta Stith

2001

Kathleen Feeley Misbah Khan (pediatrician) Charmaine Krohe Eunice Kennedy Shriver Sandra W. Tomlinson

2002

Mabel Houze Hubbard Florence P Kendall Mary Young Pickersgill Lorraine Sheehan

2003

Virginia Walcott Beauchamp Edith Clarke Kathryn J. DuFour Ruth L. Kirschstein Etta H. Maddox Debbie Yow

2004

Edmonson sisters Nancy Grasmick Esther McCready Margaret Byrd Rawson Vivian V. Simpson

2005

Shoshanna Shoubin Cardin Bessie Olive Cole Susan R. Panny Edyth H. Schoenrich

2006

Susan P. Baker Liebe Sokol Diamond Bea Gaddy Marilyn Hughes Gaston Rebecca Alban Hoffberger Grace Snively

2007

Annette M.Deener Sally T. Grant Prasanna Nair Karen H. Rothenberg Audrey E. Scott

2008

Ramona McCarthy Hawkins Ellen Moses Heller Billie Holiday Pauline Menes Toby Orenstein Emily Wilson Walker

2009

Ilia Fehrer Diane E. Griffin Harriet Legum Allyson R. Solomon Anne St. Clair Wright

2010

Claire M. Fraser Anne Catherine Hoof Green Irene Morgan Kirkaldy Almira Hart Lincoln Phelps Bernice R. Sandler Lillie D. Shockney

2011

Carol W. Greider Barbara Holdridge Ligia Peralta Gertrude Poe Lucy Diggs Slowe June A. Willenz

2012

Maureen Black Margaret Dunkle Nancy Kopp Alice Manicur Diana Gribbon Motz Gwendolyn Rooks

2013

Helen Delich Bentley Jean B. Cryor Charlene Mickens Dukes Ellen Sauerbrey Linda A. Shevitz Beatrice P. Tignor

2014

Dorothy F. Bailey Agnes Kane Callum Renee E. Fox Susan K. Goering Henrietta Lacks Ann Cipriano Rees

2015

Beverly B. Byron E. Gail de Planque Mary S. Feik Katherine O'Brien Linda L. Singh Sue Fryer Ward

2016

Sophia Arabatzis Balis Oretha Bridgwaters-Simms Mary C. Goodwillie Elaine Danforth Harmon Joanne Katz Lizette Woodworth Reese

2017

Marsha Coleman-Adebayo Carolyn W. Colvin Donna F. Edwards Mary Elizabeth Garrett Katharine Blodgett Gebbie Kathleen Ledecky Helen Maroulis Lilian Welsh

v t e

Inductees to the National Women's Hall of Fame

1970–1979

1973

Jane Addams Marian Anderson Susan B. Anthony Clara Barton Mary McLeod Bethune Elizabeth Blackwell Pearl S. Buck Rachel Carson Mary Cassatt Emily Dickinson Amelia Earhart Alice Hamilton Helen Hayes Helen Keller Eleanor Roosevelt Florence Sabin Margaret Chase Smith Elizabeth Cady Stanton Helen Brooke Taussig Harriet Tubman

1976

Abigail Adams Margaret Mead Mildred "Babe" Didrikson Zaharias

1979

Dorothea Dix Juliette Gordon Low Alice Paul Elizabeth Bayley Seton

1980–1989

1981

Margaret Sanger Sojourner Truth

1982

Carrie Chapman Catt Frances Perkins

1983

Belva Lockwood Lucretia Mott

1984

Mary "Mother" Harris Jones Bessie Smith

1986

Barbara McClintock Lucy Stone Harriet Beecher Stowe

1988

Gwendolyn Brooks Willa Cather Sally Ride Ida B. Wells-Barnett

1990–1999

1990

Margaret Bourke-White Barbara Jordan Billie Jean King Florence B. Seibert

1991

Gertrude Belle Elion

1993

Ethel Percy Andrus Antoinette Blackwell Emily Blackwell Shirley Chisholm Jacqueline Cochran Ruth Colvin Marian Wright Edelman Alice Evans Betty Friedan Ella Grasso Martha Wright Griffiths Fannie Lou Hamer Dorothy Height Dolores Huerta Mary Jacobi Mae Jemison Mary Lyon Mary Mahoney Wilma Mankiller Constance Baker Motley Georgia O'Keeffe Annie Oakley Rosa Parks Esther Peterson Jeannette Rankin Ellen Swallow Richards Elaine Roulet Katherine Siva Saubel Gloria Steinem Helen Stephens Lillian Wald Madam C. J. Walker Faye Wattleton Rosalyn S. Yalow Gloria Yerkovich

1994

Bella Abzug Ella Baker Myra Bradwell Annie Jump Cannon Jane Cunningham Croly Catherine East Geraldine Ferraro Charlotte Perkins Gilman Grace Hopper Helen LaKelly Hunt Zora Neale Hurston Anne Hutchinson Frances Wisebart Jacobs Susette La Flesche Louise McManus Maria Mitchell Antonia Novello Linda Richards Wilma Rudolph Betty Bone Schiess Muriel Siebert Nettie Stevens Oprah Winfrey Sarah Winnemucca Fanny Wright

1995

Virginia Apgar Ann Bancroft Amelia Bloomer Mary Breckinridge Eileen Collins Elizabeth Hanford Dole Anne Dallas Dudley Mary Baker Eddy Ella Fitzgerald Margaret Fuller Matilda Joslyn Gage Lillian Moller Gilbreth Nannerl O. Keohane Maggie Kuhn Sandra Day O'Connor Josephine St. Pierre Ruffin Pat Schroeder Hannah Greenebaum Solomon

1996

Louisa May Alcott Charlotte Anne Bunch Frances Xavier Cabrini Mary A. Hallaren Oveta Culp Hobby Wilhelmina Cole Holladay Anne Morrow Lindbergh Maria Goeppert-Mayer Ernestine Louise Potowski Rose Maria Tallchief Edith Wharton

1998

Madeleine Albright Maya Angelou Nellie Bly Lydia Moss Bradley Mary Steichen Calderone Mary Ann Shadd
Mary Ann Shadd
Cary Joan Ganz Cooney Gerty Cori Sarah Grimké Julia Ward Howe Shirley Ann Jackson Shannon Lucid Katharine Dexter McCormick Rozanne L. Ridgway Edith Nourse Rogers Felice Schwartz Eunice Kennedy Shriver Beverly Sills Florence Wald Angelina Grimké
Angelina Grimké
Weld Chien-Shiung Wu

2000–2009

2000

Faye Glenn Abdellah Emma Smith DeVoe Marjory Stoneman Douglas Mary Dyer Sylvia A. Earle Crystal Eastman Jeanne Holm Leontine T. Kelly Frances Oldham Kelsey Kate Mullany Janet Reno Anna Howard Shaw Sophia Smith Ida Tarbell Wilma L. Vaught Mary Edwards Walker Annie Dodge Wauneka Eudora Welty Frances E. Willard

2001

Dorothy H. Andersen Lucille Ball Rosalynn Carter Lydia Maria Child Bessie Coleman Dorothy Day Marian de Forest Althea Gibson Beatrice A. Hicks Barbara Holdridge Harriet Williams Russell Strong Emily Howell Warner Victoria Woodhull

2002

Paulina Kellogg Wright Davis Ruth Bader Ginsburg Katharine Graham Bertha Holt Mary Engle Pennington Mercy Otis Warren

2003

Linda G. Alvarado Donna de Varona Gertrude Ederle Martha Matilda Harper Patricia Roberts Harris Stephanie L. Kwolek Dorothea Lange Mildred Robbins Leet Patsy Takemoto Mink Sacagawea Anne Sullivan Sheila E. Widnall

2005

Florence Ellinwood Allen Ruth Fulton Benedict Betty Bumpers Hillary Clinton Rita Rossi Colwell Mother Marianne Cope Maya Y. Lin Patricia A. Locke Blanche Stuart Scott Mary Burnett Talbert

2007

Eleanor K. Baum Julia Child Martha Coffin Pelham Wright Swanee Hunt Winona LaDuke Elisabeth Kübler-Ross Judith L. Pipher Catherine Filene Shouse Henrietta Szold

2009

Louise Bourgeois Mildred Cohn Karen DeCrow Susan Kelly-Dreiss Allie B. Latimer Emma Lazarus Ruth Patrick Rebecca Talbot Perkins Susan Solomon Kate Stoneman

2010–2019

2011

St. Katharine Drexel Dorothy Harrison Eustis Loretta C. Ford Abby Kelley
Abby Kelley
Foster Helen Murray Free Billie Holiday Coretta Scott King Lilly Ledbetter Barbara A. Mikulski Donna E. Shalala Kathrine Switzer

2013

Betty Ford Ina May Gaskin Julie Krone Kate Millett Nancy Pelosi Mary Joseph Rogers Bernice Sandler Anna Schwartz Emma Willard

2015

Tenley Albright Nancy Brinker Martha Graham Marcia Greenberger Barbara Iglewski Jean Kilbourne Carlotta Walls LaNier Philippa Marrack Mary Harriman Rumsey Eleanor Smeal

2017

Matilda Cuomo Temple Grandin Lorraine Hansberry Victoria Jackson Sherry Lansing Clare Boothe Luce Aimee Mullins Carol Mutter Janet Rowley Alice Waters

v t e

Kennedy family

I.

P. J. Kennedy
P. J. Kennedy
(1858–1929)

Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.

II.

Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.
Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.
(1888–1969) Rose Kennedy
Rose Kennedy
(1890–1995)

Joseph P. Kennedy Jr. John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
(m.) Jacqueline Bouvier Rosemary Kennedy Kathleen Kennedy (m.) William Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington Eunice Kennedy (m.) Sargent Shriver Patricia Kennedy (m./div.) Peter Lawford Robert F. Kennedy
Robert F. Kennedy
(m.) Ethel Kennedy Jean Kennedy (m.) Stephen Edward Smith Edward M. "Ted" Kennedy (m./div. 1st) Joan Bennett; (m. 2nd) Victoria Reggie

III.

John Fitzgerald Kennedy (1917–1963)

Caroline Kennedy
Caroline Kennedy
(m.) Edwin Schlossberg John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Jr. (m.) Carolyn Bessette Patrick Bouvier Kennedy

Eunice Kennedy Shriver
Eunice Kennedy Shriver
(1921–2009)

Bobby Shriver Maria Shriver
Maria Shriver
(m./div.) Arnold Schwarzenegger Timothy Shriver Mark Shriver Anthony Shriver

Patricia Kennedy Lawford
Patricia Kennedy Lawford
(1924–2006)

Christopher Lawford

Robert F. Kennedy
Robert F. Kennedy
(1925–1968)

Kathleen Kennedy Townsend Joseph P. Kennedy II Robert F. Kennedy Jr. (m.) Cheryl Hines David A. Kennedy Courtney Kennedy Hill Michael LeMoyne Kennedy Kerry Kennedy
Kerry Kennedy
(m./div.) Andrew Cuomo Christopher G. Kennedy Max Kennedy Douglas Harriman Kennedy Rory Kennedy

Jean Kennedy Smith
Jean Kennedy Smith
(born 1928)

William Kennedy Smith

Ted Kennedy
Ted Kennedy
(1932–2009)

Kara Kennedy Edward M. Kennedy Jr. Patrick J. Kennedy

V.

Rose Schlossberg Tatiana Schlossberg Jack Schlossberg Katherine Schwarzenegger Patrick Schwarzenegger Joseph P. Kennedy III

Related topics

Hickory Hill Kennedy Compound Kennedy curse Merchandise Mart The Kennedys (museum)

Category

Kennedy family

m. = married; div. = divorced; sep. = separated.

v t e

John F. Kennedy

35th President of the United States
President of the United States
(1961–1963) U.S. Senator from Massachusetts (1953–1960) U.S. Representative for MA-11 (1947–1953)

Presidency (timeline)

Presidential Office: Inauguration Cabinet Judicial appointments

Supreme Court

Presidential pardons

Domestic policy: Clean Air Act Communications Satellite Act Community Mental Health Act Equal Pay Act Federal affirmative action Federal housing segregation ban Fifty-mile hikes Food for Peace New Frontier Pilot Food Stamp Program Space policy Status of Women (Presidential Commission) University of Alabama integration Voter Education Project

Foreign policy: Alliance for Progress Arms Control and Disarmament Agency

Partial Nuclear Test Ban Treaty

Flexible response Kennedy Doctrine Peace Corps Trade Expansion Act USAID Vietnam War Cuba: Bay of Pigs Invasion Cuban Project Cuban Missile Crisis

ExComm

Soviet Union: Berlin Crisis Moscow–Washington hotline Vienna summit

White House: Presidential limousine Presidential yacht Resolute desk Situation Room

Presidential speeches

Inaugural address American University
American University
speech "We choose to go to the Moon" Report to the American People on Civil Rights "Ich bin ein Berliner" "A rising tide lifts all boats"

Elections

U.S. States House of Representatives elections, 1946 1948 1950 U.S. Senate election in Massachusetts, 1952 1958 1960 Presidential primaries 1960 Presidential campaign Democratic National Convention 1956 1960 U.S. presidential election, 1960

debates

Personal life

Birthplace and childhood home Kennedy Compound US Navy service PT-109

Biuku Gasa and Eroni Kumana Arthur Evans PT-59 Castle Hot Springs

Hammersmith Farm Coretta Scott King
Coretta Scott King
phone call Rocking chair "Happy Birthday, Mr. President"

Books

Why England Slept
Why England Slept
(1940) Profiles in Courage
Profiles in Courage
(1956) A Nation of Immigrants
A Nation of Immigrants
(1958)

Death

Assassination

timeline reactions in popular culture

State funeral

Riderless horse attending dignitaries

Gravesite and Eternal Flame

Legacy

John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Presidential Library and Museum (Boston) 1964 Civil Rights Act Apollo 11
Apollo 11
Moon landing Equal Employment Opportunity Commission Kennedy Space Center
Kennedy Space Center
(Florida) Kennedy Round U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development VISTA Cultural depictions

films Kennedy half dollar U.S. postage stamps U.S. five cent stamp Lincoln–Kennedy coincidences

Operation Sail

Memorials, namesakes

Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts (Washington, D.C.) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
International Airport (New York) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Memorial (London) John Fitzgerald Kennedy Memorial
John Fitzgerald Kennedy Memorial
(Dallas) John Fitzgerald Kennedy Memorial
John Fitzgerald Kennedy Memorial
(Portland, Oregon) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Memorial (Runnymede, Britain) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Memorial Bridge (Kentucky–Indiana) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
School of Government (Harvard Univ.) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Special
Special
Warfare Center and School (Fort Bragg, North Carolina) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
University (California) John Kennedy College (Mauritius) Kennedy Expressway
Kennedy Expressway
(Chicago) MV John F. Kennedy USS John F. Kennedy (CV-67) USS John F. Kennedy (CVN-79) Yad Kennedy
Yad Kennedy
(Jerusalem)

Family

Jacqueline Bouvier (wife) Caroline Kennedy
Caroline Kennedy
(daughter) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
Jr.

son plane crash

Patrick Bouvier Kennedy
Patrick Bouvier Kennedy
(son) Jack Schlossberg
Jack Schlossberg
(grandson) Rose Schlossberg
Rose Schlossberg
(granddaughter) Tatiana Schlossberg
Tatiana Schlossberg
(granddaughter) Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.
Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.
(father) Rose Fitzgerald (mother) Joseph P. Kennedy Jr.
Joseph P. Kennedy Jr.
(brother) Rosemary Kennedy
Rosemary Kennedy
(sister) Kathleen Cavendish, Marchioness of Hartington
Kathleen Cavendish, Marchioness of Hartington
(sister) Eunice Kennedy Shriver
Eunice Kennedy Shriver
(sister) Patricia Kennedy Lawford
Patricia Kennedy Lawford
(sister) Robert F. Kennedy
Robert F. Kennedy
(brother) Jean Kennedy Smith
Jean Kennedy Smith
(sister) Ted Kennedy
Ted Kennedy
(brother) P. J. Kennedy
P. J. Kennedy
(grandfather) John F. Fitzgerald
John F. Fitzgerald
(grandfather)

← Dwight D. Eisenhower Lyndon B. Johnson
Lyndon B. Johnson

Category

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Robert F. Kennedy

November 20, 1925 – June 6, 1968

United States Senator from New York, 1965–1968 64th United States Attorney General, 1961–1964

Life

1948 Palestine visit Senate Committee investigation of Labor and Management Cuban Missile Crisis

ExComm

Civil rights

Freedom Riders Voter Education Project

Baldwin–Kennedy meeting 1964 Democratic National Convention Bedford Stuyvesant Restoration Corporation Mississippi Delta tour Kennedy Compound Hickory Hill home

Electoral

1964 U.S. Senate election 1968 presidential campaign

primaries Boiler Room Girls

Speeches

Law Day Address (1961) Day of Affirmation Address
Day of Affirmation Address
(1966) Conflict in Vietnam and at Home (1968) University of Kansas (1968) Ball State (1968) On the assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. (1968) "On the Mindless Menace of Violence" (1968)

Books

The Enemy Within (1960) The Pursuit of Justice
The Pursuit of Justice
(1964) To Seek a Newer World (1967) Thirteen Days: A Memoir of the Cuban Missile Crisis
Cuban Missile Crisis
(1969)

Assassination

Sirhan Sirhan Ambassador Hotel Conspiracy theories Gravesite

Legacy and memorials

Robert F. Kennedy
Robert F. Kennedy
Department of Justice Building Robert F. Kennedy
Robert F. Kennedy
Center for Justice and Human Rights

Human Rights Award Journalism Award Book Award

Robert F. Kennedy
Robert F. Kennedy
Memorial Stadium Landmark for Peace Memorial Kennedy–King College Robert F. Kennedy
Robert F. Kennedy
Community Schools Robert F. Kennedy
Robert F. Kennedy
Bridge

Popular culture

Crisis: Behind a Presidential Commitment (1963 documentary) Robert Kennedy Remembered (1968 documentary) "Abraham, Martin and John" (1968 song) The Missiles of October
The Missiles of October
(1974 docudrama) Kennedy (1983 miniseries) Blood Feud (1983 film) Prince Jack
Prince Jack
(1985 film) Robert Kennedy and His Times
Robert Kennedy and His Times
(1985 miniseries) Hoover vs. The Kennedys (1987 miniseries) Thirteen Days (2000 film) RFK (2002 film) Bobby (2006 film) RFK Must Die (2007 documentary) The Kennedys (2011 miniseries) Ethel (2012 documentary) Jackie (2016 film)

Family, family tree

Ethel Skakel (wife) Kathleen Kennedy (daughter) Joseph P. Kennedy (son) Robert F. Kennedy
Robert F. Kennedy
Jr. (son) David Kennedy (son) Courtney Kennedy (daughter) Michael Kennedy (son) Kerry Kennedy
Kerry Kennedy
(daughter) Chris Kennedy (son) Max Kennedy
Max Kennedy
(son) Doug Kennedy (son) Rory Kennedy
Rory Kennedy
(daughter) Joseph P. Kennedy III (grandson) Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.
Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.
(father) Rose Kennedy
Rose Kennedy
(mother) Joseph P. Kennedy Jr.
Joseph P. Kennedy Jr.
(brother) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
(brother presidency) Rosemary Kennedy
Rosemary Kennedy
(sister) Kathleen Kennedy Cavendish (sister) Eunice Kennedy Shriver
Eunice Kennedy Shriver
(sister) Patricia Kennedy Lawford
Patricia Kennedy Lawford
(sister) Jean Kennedy Smith
Jean Kennedy Smith
(sister) Ted Kennedy
Ted Kennedy
(brother) Patrick J. Kennedy
Patrick J. Kennedy
(grandfather) John F. Fitzgerald
John F. Fitzgerald
(grandfather)

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Ted Kennedy

February 22, 1932 – August 25, 2009

United States Senator from Massachusetts, 1962–2009

Electoral history

United States Senate
United States Senate
special election in Massachusetts, 1962 United States Senate
United States Senate
election in Massachusetts, 1964 1970 1976 1982 1988 1994 2000 2006 United States presidential election, 1980
United States presidential election, 1980
(Democratic Party presidential primaries, 1980)

Books

My Senator and Me: A Dog's-Eye View of Washington, D.C.
Washington, D.C.
(2006) True Compass
True Compass
(2009)

Family, family tree

Joan Bennett Kennedy
Joan Bennett Kennedy
(first wife) Victoria Reggie Kennedy
Victoria Reggie Kennedy
(second wife, widow) Kara Kennedy
Kara Kennedy
(daughter) Edward M. Kennedy Jr.
Edward M. Kennedy Jr.
(son) Patrick J. Kennedy
Patrick J. Kennedy
II (son) Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.
Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.
(father) Rose Kennedy
Rose Kennedy
(mother) Joseph P. Kennedy Jr.
Joseph P. Kennedy Jr.
(brother) John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
(brother presidency) Rosemary Kennedy
Rosemary Kennedy
(sister) Kathleen Kennedy (sister) Eunice Kennedy Shriver
Eunice Kennedy Shriver
(sister) Patricia Kennedy Lawford
Patricia Kennedy Lawford
(sister) Robert F. Kennedy
Robert F. Kennedy
(brother) Jean Kennedy Smith
Jean Kennedy Smith
(sister) Patrick J. Kennedy
Patrick J. Kennedy
I (grandfather) John F. Fitzgerald
John F. Fitzgerald
(grandfather)

Related

Awards and honors Political positions Kennedy Compound Edward M. Kennedy Institute for the United States Senate Edward M. Kennedy Serve America Act Chappaquiddick incident The Dream Shall Never Die Mary Jo Kopechne Friends of Ireland Chappaquiddick (2018 film)

Commons Wikiquote Wikisource texts

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Theodore Roosevelt Award winners

1967: Eisenhower 1968: Saltonstall 1969: White 1970: Hovde 1971: Kraft Jr. 1972: Holland 1973: Bradley 1974: Owens 1975: Ford 1976: Hamilton 1977: Bradley 1978: Zornow 1979: Chandler 1980: Cooley 1981: Linkletter 1982: Cosby 1983: Palmer 1984: Lawrence 1985: Fleming 1986: Bush 1987: Zable 1988: Not presented 1989: Ebert 1990: Reagan 1991: Gibson 1992: Kemp 1993: Alexander 1994: Johnson 1995: Mathias 1996: Wooden 1997: Payne 1998: Dole 1999: Richardson 2000: Staubach 2001: Cohen 2002: Shriver 2003: de Varona 2004: Page 2005: Ride 2006: Kraft 2007: Tagliabue 2008: Glenn 2009: Albright 2010: Mitchell 2011: Dunwoody 2012: Allen 2013: Dungy 2014: Mills 2015: Jackson 2016: Ueberroth 2017: Brooke-Marciniak

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Arthur Ashe Courage Award
Arthur Ashe Courage Award
winners

Named after Arthur Ashe

1993: Valvano 1994: Palermo 1995: Cosell 1996: Claiborne 1997: Ali 1998: D. Smith 1999: King 2000: Sanders 2001: Freeman 2002:

Beamer Bingham Burnett Glick

2003: Pat & Kevin Tillman 2004: Weah 2005: MacLaren & Yeboah 2006: Ahmad & Kohestani 2007: Cullen & Ringland 2008: Carlos & T. Smith 2009: Mandela 2010: Thomas 2011: Bozella 2012: Summitt 2013: Roberts 2014: Sam 2015: Jenner 2016: Dobson 2017: Shriver

v t e

Laureus Sport for Good Award

2000s

2000: Eunice Kennedy Shriver 2001: Kip Keino 2002: Peter Blake 2003: Arnold Schwarzenegger 2004: India and Pakistan men's cricket teams & Mathare Youth Sports Association 2005: Gerry Storey 2006: Jürgen Griesbeck 2007: Luke Dowdney 2008: Brendan and Sean Tuohey 2009: Award not given

2010s

2010: Dikembe Mutombo 2011: May El-Khalil 2012: Raí 2013: Award not given 2014: Magic Bus 2015: Skateistan 2016: Moving the Goalposts 2017: Waves for Change 2018: Active Communities Network

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 120290857 GND: 141038225 SN

.