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Charles Prosper Eugène Schneider or Eugène Schneider II (in French: Eugène II Schneider) (29 October 1868 – 17 November 1942) was a French businessman, head of the Creusot and other works in France,[1][2] politician and inventor. In 1923 he was awarded the John Fritz Medal.[3][4]

Biography

Early life

Schneider was born on October 29, 1868 in Le Creusot, rural France.[5][6] His father, Henri Schneider, was a businessman and politician. His paternal grandfather, Eugène Schneider, was the co-founder of Schneider-Creusot with his grand-uncle Adolphe Schneider in 1836. He grew up at the Château de la Verrerie in Le Creusot.[7]

Career

Schneider was appointed as co-Chairman of Schneider-Creusot in 1896.[6] He became its sole Chairman in 1898.[6]

He served on the Boards of Directors of the Crédit Lyonnais, Chemins de fer de Paris à Lyon et à la Méditerranée, the Société Métallurgique de Normandie and the Banque de l'Union Parisienne.[7] He also served as the Chairman of the Union européenne industrielle et financière.[7]

He joined the Popular Liberal Action, a center-right political party. He served as a member of the Chamber of Deputies for them from 1889 to 1910.[5]

He served as the Mayor of Le Creusot from 1896 to 1900.[8]

He was a member of the Académie des Sciences Morales et Politiques.[8]

Personal life

Château d'Apremont-sur-Allier.

He married Antoinette de Rafélis de Saint-Sauveur, an heiress to the Château d'Apremont-sur-Allier. They had three sons, Charles, Henri-Paul and Jean, and a daughter, Marie-Zélie, a.k.a. May, later the 12th Duchess of Brissac.

Death

He died on November 17, 1942 in Paris.[5][6]

Legacy

His statue, designed by sculptor Paul Landowski, stands on the Boulevard Eugène-Paul Schneider (named after his son) in Le Creusot.[9]

Patents

References

  1. ^ Mechanical World and Engineering Record. Vol. 70. 1921. p. 54
  2. ^ Iron and Coal Trades Review. Vol. 103. 1921. p. 20
  3. ^ De Ingenieur, Vol. 37. 1922. p. 532
  4. ^ Proceedings of the American Society of Civil Engineers, 1922. p. 492.
  5. ^ a b c National Assembly: Eugène Schneider
  6. ^ a b c d Notice biographique: Eugène Schneider (1868-1942), Revue de Métallurgie, n. 5, May 1943, pp. 156-160
  7. ^ a b c Jean-Louis Beaucarnot, Nos familles dans la grande guerre, Paris: JC Lattès, 2013 [1]
  8. ^ a b Eugène Schneider (1868-1942), Bibliothèque nationale de France
  9. ^ Le Creusot: La statue d'Eugène II Schneider, Bvd Henri-Paul Schneider