Ethnopluralism or ethno-pluralism is a hypothetical far right and
neo-fascist-associated model where self governing regions divided by
ethnicity would be established. Proponents describe it as an
alternative to multiculturalism that would attempt to prevent cultural
assimilation and cultural homogenization. The movement is
closely associated with the
Nouvelle Droite and French academic Alain
Ethnopluralism has been proposed by some in the radical right as a
means to facilitate nationalism. Implementing this policy would
require ethnic cleansing to establish separate territories for
different ethnic groups.
Ethnopluralism emphasizes the separation of varying ethnic and
cultural groups, in contrast to cultural integration and
intra-cultural diversity. It has been part of the ideological
foundation of the European New Right, which has used ethnopluralism to
express its favoritism towards the cultural identity of individual
groups, thus expressing its opposition to heterogeneity within
states. These views of culture, ethnicity and race have become
popular among several right-wing and far-right groups in
the 1970s, and has been covered in some postmodern left sources (i.e.
Ethnopluralists use the concept of cultural differentialism to assert
a "right to difference" to propose regional policies of ethnic and
racial separatism. Among ethnopluralists there is no agreed upon
definition of group membership, nor where these hypothetical borders
would lie. Some ethnopluralists advocate limiting
Europe to "true
Europeans", while others propose much smaller divisions, similar to an
ethnically-based communitarianism. While some ethnopluralists would
allow European Muslims to remain in Europe, Jews and Romani are
typically rejected by ethnopluralists. French Nouvelle Droite
Alain de Benoist
Alain de Benoist claims that indigenous cultures in Europe
are being threatened, and that pan-European nationalism based on
ethnopluralism would stop this process. Benoist has proposed ethnic
and social territories be as small as possible, such that Muslims
would be allowed ghettos in
Europe subordinate to sharia.
According to ethnomusicologist Benjamin R. Teitelbaum, the term
"ethnopluralism" was first coined by German sociologist Henning
Eichberg in an essay that was written in opposition to both Western
and European eurocentrism.
Separate but equal
^ a b Bar-On, Tamir (2001). "The Ambiguities of the Nouvelle Droite,
1968–1999". The European Legacy. 6: 333–351.
doi:10.1080/10848770120051349 – via Taylor & Francis.
^ a b McCulloch, Tom (2006-08-01). "The
Nouvelle Droite in the 1980s
and 1990s: Ideology and Entryism, the Relationship with the Front
National". French Politics. 4 (2): 158–178.
doi:10.1057/palgrave.fp.8200099. ISSN 1476-3419.
^ a b c Spektorowska, Alberto (2003). "The New Right:
ethno-regionalism, ethno-pluralism and the emergence of a neo-fascist
'Third Way'". Retrieved 2010-06-03.
^ a b c d Deland, Mats; Minkenberg, Michael; Mays, Christin (2014). In
the Tracks of Breivik: Far Right Networks in Northern and Eastern
Europe. LIT Verlag Münster. p. 58. ISBN 9783643905420.
Retrieved 22 December 2017.
^ Rydgren, Jens (2007). "The Sociology of the Radical Right" (PDF).
Annual Review of Sociology. Retrieved 2017-01-29.
^ Teitelbaum, Benjamin (2013). "Come Hear Our Merry Song:" Shifts in
the Sound of Contemporary Swedish Radical Nationalism. Ph.D.
Dissertation, Brown Univers