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ETHNOPLURALISM or ETHNO-PLURALISM is the acknowledgment of the diversity of different ethnic groups. Ethnopluralism brings together the philosophical doctrine of pluralism (often referred to as the doctrine of multiplicity) and applies the concept to ethnicity .

"Cultural differentialism" is the view that cultures are clearly bound entities with a specific geographical location. From this perspective, global cultural diversity takes the form of a cultural mosaic, with a multiplicity of diverse cultures clearly delimited and with strict boundaries between them.

CONTENTS

* 1 Terminology * 2 Two parts of Ethnopluralism * 3 Ethnopluralism as a policy * 4 See also * 5 Bibliography * 6 References

TERMINOLOGY

Ethnopluralism goes against liberal multiculturalism and emphasizes the separation of varying ethnic and cultural groups, in contrast to cultural integration and intra-cultural diversity. According to ethnomusicologist Benjamin R. Teitelbaum , the term "ethnopluralism" was first coined by German sociologist Henning Eichberg in an essay that was written in opposition to both Western and European eurocentrism . It has been part of the ideological foundation of the European New Right , which has used ethnopluralism to express its favoritism towards the cultural identity of individual groups, thus expressing its opposition to heterogeneity within cultures. As argued by many supporters of pluralism (which denotes a diversity of standpoints and systems rather than a single one), this sort of integration and diversification is likely to be a problem for societies of multiple ethnocultural groups that are oriented around the idea of separation as a means of a more cooperative integration.

Ethnopluralists use the concept of cultural differentialism to assert a "right to difference" and argue for regional policies of ethnic separatism and racial separatism , but stress that each ethnic group and racial group should be considered equal on its own merit. This right-wing view of culture, ethnicity and race has become increasingly popular in the ideological discourse of several right-wing and far-right groups in Europe
Europe
since the 1970s, and has penetrated the discourse of a postmodern Left (i.e. Telos ).

TWO PARTS OF ETHNOPLURALISM

In two separate cases, ethnopluralism involves the implication of two policies. The first policy is maintaining the cultural space and identity of a community. The second policy utilizes a common culture as a type of mechanism in the formation of a nation that has proper protocol for dealing with community affairs.

ETHNOPLURALISM AS A POLICY

Ethnopluralism, in contemporary postnationalist societies, has been perceived as a medium that answers the problems brought on by unsuccessful attempts to try and bring together people of diverse backgrounds and conflicting differences. Along with this, avoiding potential cultural extinction due to diversification, preservation of European values, and separation from immigrants coming from non-European countries or backgrounds that are not in line with Pan-European identity , have been cited as rationale in the utilization of ethnopluralism as a governing policy for different European countries. This is particular among countries that have made transitions from communism to a democracy. In turn, it is difficult to rely on more realistic substitutes for ethnopluralism, because while the preservation of the equal rights of ethnic groups is apparent, ethnopluralism can still be problematic if there is a gap created between ethnopluralist countries and conformist culture and communities.

A leading proponent of ethnopluralism is the French New Right ( Nouvelle Droite
Nouvelle Droite
) philosopher Alain de Benoist , who claims that indigenous cultures in Europe
Europe
are being stamped out and that pan-European nationalism based on ethnopluralism and "ethnoregionalism" would be the way to stop this process.

SEE ALSO

* Black separatism * Cultural racism * Ethnic separatism
Ethnic separatism
* Integralism * Racial segregation
Racial segregation

* Racial separatism * Separate but equal * Third Position * White separatism

BIBLIOGRAPHY

* Teitelbaum, Benjamin (2013). “Come Hear Our Merry Song:” Shifts in the Sound of Contemporary Swedish Radical Nationalism. Ph.D. Dissertation, Brown University.

REFERENCES

* ^ A B C Spektorowska, Alberto (2003). "The New Right: ethno-regionalism, ethno-pluralism and the emergence of a neo-fascist \'Third Way\'". Retrieved 2010-06-03. * ^ Teitelbaum 2013:103-105 * ^ McCulloch, Tom (2006-08-01). "The Nouvelle Droite
Nouvelle Droite
in the 1980s and 1990s: Ideology and Entryism, the Relationship with the Front National". French Politics. 4 (2): 158–178. ISSN 1476-3419 . doi :10.1057/palgrave.fp.8200099 . * ^ Karklins, Rasma (2000-06-01). "Ethnopluralism: Panacea for east Central Europe?". Nationalities Papers. 28 (2): 219–241. ISSN 0090-5992 . doi :10.1080/713687469 . * ^ Karklins, Rasma (2000-06-01). "Ethnopluralism: Panacea for east Central Europe?". Nationalities Papers. 28 (2): 219–241. ISSN 0090-5992 . doi :10.1080/713687469 . * ^ Rydgren, Jens (2007). "The Sociology of the Radical Right" (PDF). http://jensrydgren.com/. Annual Review of Sociology. Retrieved 2017-01-29. External link in website= (help ) * ^ Karklins, Rasma (2000-06-01). "Ethnopluralism: Panacea for east Central Europe?". Nationalities Papers. 28 (2): 219–241. ISSN 0090-5992 . doi :10.1080/713687469 . * ^ Karklins, Rasma. "Ethnopluralism: Panacea for east Central Europe?". Nationalities Papers. 28 (2): 219–241. doi :10.1080/713687469 .

* v * t * e

Discrimination
Discrimination

GENERAL FORMS

* Age * Caste
Caste
* Class * Color * Disability * Gender * Genotype * Hair * Height * Language * Looks * Mental condition * Race / Ethnicity
Ethnicity
/ Nationality
Nationality
* Rank * Religion * Sex * Sexuality * Size * Species

SOCIAL

* AIDS stigma * Adultism * Anti-albinism * Anti-autism * Anti-homelessness * Anti-intellectualism
Anti-intellectualism
* Anti-intersex * Anti-left handedness * Anti-Masonry
Anti-Masonry
* Antisemitism * Audism * Binarism * Biphobia * Elitism * Ephebiphobia * Fatism * Genderism * Gerontophobia * Heteronormativity
Heteronormativity
* Heterosexism * Homophobia
Homophobia
* Islamophobia
Islamophobia
* Leprosy stigma
Leprosy stigma
* Lesbophobia * Mentalism * Misandry * Misogyny * Nepotism * Pedophobia * Pregnancy * Reverse * Sectarianism
Sectarianism
* Shadism

* Supremacism

* Arab * Black * White

* Transmisogyny * Transphobia * Xenophobia

MANIFESTATIONS

* Animal cruelty * Animal testing * Blood libel * Blood sport * Carnism * Compulsory sterilization
Compulsory sterilization
* Counter-jihad
Counter-jihad
* Cultural genocide * Democide * Disability hate crime * Educational * Economic * Eliminationism * Employment * Enemy of the people * Ethnic cleansing * Ethnic hatred * Ethnic joke * Ethnocide * Forced conversion
Forced conversion
* Freak show * Gay bashing
Gay bashing
* Gendercide * Genital mutilation

* Genocide
Genocide

* examples

* Glass ceiling * Group libel * Hate crime * Hate group * Hate speech * Homeless dumping * Housing * Indian rolling * LGBT hate crime * Lavender scare
Lavender scare
* Lynching
Lynching
* Meat eating * Mortgage * Murder music * Occupational segregation * Persecution
Persecution
* Pogrom
Pogrom
* Purge
Purge
* Race war * Red Scare * Religious persecution * Scapegoating * Segregation academy * Sex-selective abortion * Slavery
Slavery
* Slut-shaming * Trans bashing * Victimisation * White flight
White flight
* White power music * Wife selling * Witch-hunt

Discriminatory policies

* Segregation

* age * racial * religious * sex

* Age of candidacy * Blood quantum * Cleanliness of blood * Crime of apartheid

* Disabilities

* Jewish * Catholic

* Ethnocracy * Gender pay gap * Gender roles * Gerontocracy * Gerrymandering
Gerrymandering
* Ghetto benches * Internment
Internment
* Jewish quota * Jim Crow laws * Law for Protection of the Nation * McCarthyism * MSM blood donor controversy * Nonpersons * Numerus clausus (as religious or racial quota) * Nuremberg Laws
Nuremberg Laws
* One-drop rule
One-drop rule
* Racial quota * Racial steering * Redlining * Same-sex marriage (laws and issues prohibiting) * Sodomy law
Sodomy law
* Ugly law * Voter suppression

COUNTERMEASURES

* Affirmative action * Ahimsa
Ahimsa
* Animal rights
Animal rights
* Anti-discrimination law * Cultural assimilation * Cultural pluralism * Desegregation * Diversity training * Empowerment * Ethnopluralism * Feminism * Fighting Discrimination
Discrimination
* Human rights
Human rights
* Masculism * Multiculturalism * Nonviolence
Nonviolence
* Racial integration
Racial integration
* Self-determination
Self-determination
* Social integration * Toleration * Vegetarianism * Veganism

RELATED TOPICS

* Allophilia * Anti-cultural sentiment * Anthropocentrism * Assimilation * Bias * Christian privilege * Data discrimination * Dehumanization * Diversity * Ethnic penalty * Eugenics * Intersectionality * Male privilege * Multiculturalism * Neurodiversity * Oppression * Police brutality * Political correctness * Power distance * Prejudice * Racial bias in criminal news * Racism
Racism
by country * Regressive left * Religious intolerance
Religious intolerance
* Second-generation gender bias * Snobbery * Social exclusion * Social stigma

* Stereotype

* threat

* White privilege

* Category
Category
* Portal
Portal

* v * t * e

Ethnicity
Ethnicity

Related concepts

* Clan

* Ethnic group
Ethnic group

* Ethnolinguistic group * Ethnoreligious group

* Indigenous peoples * Ingroups and outgroups * Meta-ethnicity * Metroethnicity * Minority group
Minority group
* Monoethnicity * Nation
Nation
* Nationality
Nationality
* Panethnicity * Polyethnicity * Population
Population
* Race * Symbolic ethnicity * Tribe
Tribe

ETHNOLOGY

* Anthropology * Ethnic studies * Ethnoarchaeology

* Ethnobiology

* Ethnobotany * Ethnozoology * Ethnoecology

* Ethnocinema * Ethnogeology

* Ethnography

* Autoethnography * Clinical * Critical * Cyber- * Netnography * Online * Person-centered * Salvage * Transidioethnography * Video

* Ethnohistory * Ethnolinguistics * Ethnology * Ethnomathematics * Ethnomethodology * Ethnomuseology * Ethnomusicology * Ethnophilosophy * Ethnopoetics * Ethnoscience * Ethnosemiotics * Ethnotaxonomy

Groups by region

* Africa * Europe
Europe
* Oceania

* Arab League * Europe
Europe

* Australian

* indigenous

* Indigenous Oceanian * Europeans in Oceania

AMERICAS

* Indigenous * Canada * Mexico * United States * Central America * South America

ASIA

* Central * East * Northern * South * Southeast * West

Identity and ethnogenesis

* Cross-race effect * Cultural assimilation * Cultural identity
Cultural identity
* Demonym * Development * Endonym * Ethnic flag * Ethnic option * Ethnic origin * Ethnic religion
Ethnic religion
* Ethnicity
Ethnicity
in census * Ethnofiction * Ethnonym * Folk religion
Folk religion
* Historical * Imagined community * Kinship
Kinship
* Legendary progenitor * Lineage-bonded society * Mores
Mores
* Nation-building * Nation
Nation
state * National language * National myth * Origin myth * Pantribal sodality * Tribal name * Tribalism * Urheimat

Multiethnic society

* Consociationalism * Diaspora politics * Dominant minority * Ethnic democracy * Ethnic enclave * Ethnic interest group * Ethnic majority * Ethnic media * Ethnic pornography * Ethnic theme park * Ethnoburb * Ethnocracy * Ethnopluralism * Indigenous rights * Middleman minority * Minority rights * Model minority * Multinational state

Ideology and ethnic conflict

* Ethnic bioweapon * Ethnic cleansing * Ethnic hatred * Ethnic joke * Ethnic nationalism * Ethnic nepotism * Ethnic penalty * Ethnic slur * Ethnic stereotype * Ethnic violence * Ethnocentrism * Ethnocide * Ethnosymbolism * Indigenism * Separatist movements * X

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