ETHNOMUSEOLOGY is the study of museums and museum curation in the context of the culture and cultural traditions of its collections. It is an interdisciplinary field combining museum studies , anthropology , ethnography , and often various fine arts .
* 1 Overview * 2 History * 3 See also * 4 Citations * 5 References
As stated by Moira Simpson, "
Ethnomuseology is the field of
scholarship concerning culturally appropriate museum curation and
conservation of ethnographic materials using methods that reflect
social, cultural, spiritual, or religious aspects of objects." A
museum subscribing the principles of ethnomuseology will often
maintain and present artifacts and collections in the traditional
manner of their ethnological origins, combining the museum with the
rituals and community of its theme. This can be in addition to
conventional Western museum practices, which often focuses on object
materiality. As well, ethnomuseology often involves a continued dialog
between museum administrators and members of represented cultures in
collections. The Encyclopedia of Global
The term "ethnomuseology" is first seen in Romania and Czechoslovakia in the 1980s, where it described the use of artifacts from rural life to " evidence of authentic forms of culture". A variant, "etnomuseologia", was used in 1994 by the Romanian anthropologist Bert G. Ribeiro to describe the work of the Museu Paraense Emílio Goeldi in Belem, Brazil . In Belem, curators had been working directly with Amazonian Indians in a continued dialog to create exhibits informed by the very culture they documented.
Today, a number of museums are considered to be followers the
ethnomuseological method, including the National
* ^ Bucur August 2004 * ^ Simpson 2007, p. 157 * ^ Simpson 2014, pp. 2549-2551 * ^ Simpson 2014, p. 2550 * ^ Shepard July 2012 * ^ Simpson 2014, p. 2551 * ^ Peter Namicev 1994, pp. 179-184 * ^ "MUII165 Practice in museology and ethnography"
* Bucur, Corneliu (August 2004). "From Tradition To Avant-Garde...
And From Washington To Dumbrava Sibiului" (Interview). Interview with
Mirela Creţu and Cătălin Sturza. Bucharest. Retrieved 16 October
* "MUII165 Practice in museology and ethnography". Course
Information. Masaryk University. n.d. Retrieved 15 October 2015.
* Namicev, Peter (1994). "
Ethnomuseology in Macedonia". Anales del
Museo Nacional de Antropología. Museo Nacional de Antropología (1):
179–184. ISSN 1135-1853 .
* Shepard, Glenn (15–20 July 2012). 9784 -
Ethnomuseology at the
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Groups by region
* Africa * Europe * Oceania
* Arab League * Europe
* Indigenous Oceanian * Europeans in Oceania
* Indigenous * Canada * Mexico * United States * Central America * South America
* Central * East * Northern * South * Southeast * West
Identity and ethnogenesis
Ideology and ethnic conflict