1 Scientific discipline 2 Scholars 3 See also 4 References 5 Bibliography 6 External links
Scientific discipline Further information: Ethnicity Compared to ethnography, the study of single groups through direct contact with the culture, ethnology takes the research that ethnographers have compiled and then compares and contrasts different cultures.
Adam František Kollár, 1779
The term ethnologia (ethnology) is credited to Adam Franz Kollár
(1718-1783) who used and defined it in his Historiae ivrisqve pvblici
Regni Vngariae amoenitates published in
The 15th-century exploration of America by European explorers had an
important role in formulating new notions of the Occidental, such as,
the notion of the "Other". This term was used in conjunction with
"savages", which was either seen as a brutal barbarian, or
alternatively, as "noble savage". Thus, civilization was opposed in a
dualist manner to barbary, a classic opposition constitutive of the
even more commonly shared ethnocentrism. The progress of ethnology,
for example with Claude Lévi-Strauss's structural anthropology, led
to the criticism of conceptions of a linear progress, or the
pseudo-opposition between "societies with histories" and "societies
without histories", judged too dependent on a limited view of history
as constituted by accumulative growth.
Lévi-Strauss often referred to Montaigne's essay on cannibalism as an
early example of ethnology. Lévi-Strauss aimed, through a structural
method, at discovering universal invariants in human society, chief
among which he believed to be the incest taboo. However, the claims of
such cultural universalism have been criticized by various 19th and
20th century social thinkers, including Marx, Nietzsche, Foucault,
List of scholars of ethnology
Anthropology Ethnography Cultural survival Culture Ethnocentrism Evolutionism Indigenous peoples
Intangible cultural heritage Marxism Meta-analysis Modernism Post-Modernism Postcolonial Primitive culture
Primitivism Scientific Racism Secondary research Society Structural anthropology Structural functionalism Ethnobiology Ethnopoetics
^ "ethno-". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 21
^ "ethnology". Oxford Dictionaries. Oxford University Press. Retrieved
21 March 2013.
^ Zmago Šmitek and Božidar Jezernik, "The anthropological tradition
in Slovenia." In: Han F. Vermeulen and Arturo Alvarez Roldán, eds.
Fieldwork and Footnotes: Studies in the
Forster, Johann Georg Adam. Voyage round the World in His Britannic
Majesty’s Sloop, Resolution, Commanded by Capt. James Cook, during
the Years 1772, 3, 4, and 5 (2 vols), London (1777).
Lévi-Strauss, Claude. The Elementary Structures of Kinship, (1949),
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ethnology.
What is European Ethnology?
Rhyn, G. A. F. Van (1879). "Ethnology". The American
McGee, W. J. (1905). "Ethnology". New International
"Ethnology". The Nuttall Encyclopædia. 1907.
v t e
Clan Ethnic group
Ethnolinguistic group Ethnoreligious group
Indigenous peoples Ingroups and outgroups Meta-ethnicity Metroethnicity Minority group Monoethnicity Nation Nationality Panethnicity Polyethnicity Population Race Symbolic ethnicity Tribe
Anthropology Ethnic studies Ethnoarchaeology Ethnobiology
Ethnobotany Ethnozoology Ethnoecology
Ethnocinema Ethnogeology Ethnography
Autoethnography Clinical Critical Cyber- Netnography Online Person-centered Salvage Transidioethnography Video
Ethnohistory Ethnolinguistics Ethnology Ethnomathematics Ethnomethodology Ethnomuseology Ethnomusicology Ethnophilosophy Ethnopoetics Ethnoscience Ethnosemiotics Ethnotaxonomy
Groups by region
Indigenous Canada Mexico United States Central America South America
Central Asia East Asia Northern Asia South Asia Southeast Asia West Asia
Identity and ethnogenesis
Consociationalism Diaspora politics Dominant minority Ethnic democracy Ethnic enclave Ethnic interest group Ethnic majority Ethnic media Ethnic pornography Ethnic theme park Ethnoburb Ethnocracy Indigenous rights Middleman minority Minority rights Model minority Multinational state
Ideology and ethnic conflict
Ethnic bioweapon Ethnic cleansing Ethnic hatred Ethnic joke Ethnic nationalism Ethnic nepotism Ethnic penalty Ethnic slur Ethnic stereotype Ethnic violence Ethnocentrism Ethnocide Ethnosymbolism Indigenism Separatist movements Xenophobia
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