ETHNOLINGUISTICS (sometimes called CULTURAL LINGUISTICS) is a field of linguistics which studies the relationship between language and culture, and the way different ethnic groups perceive the world. It is the combination between ethnology and linguistics. The former refers to the way of life of an entire community, i.e., all the characteristics which distinguish one community from the other. Those characteristics make the cultural aspects of a community or a society.
Ethnolinguists study the way perception and conceptualization
influences language, and show how this is linked to different cultures
and societies. An example is the way spatial orientation is expressed
in various cultures. In many societies, words for the cardinal
directions east and west are derived from terms for sunrise/sunset.
The nomenclature for cardinal directions of Inuit speakers of
CULTURAL LINGUISTICS (capitalized) refers to a related branch of
linguistics that explores the relationship between language and
cultural conceptualisations (Sharifian, 2011). Cultural Linguistics
draws on and expands the theoretical and analytical advancements in
cognitive science (including complexity science and distributed
cognition) and anthropology. Cultural
* ^ Ferraro, Gary (2006). Cultural Anthropology: An Applied Perspective. Cengage Learning. ISBN 0-495-10008-0 . * ^ Heine, Bernd (1997) Cognitive Foundations of Grammar. Oxford/New York: Oxford University Press. * ^ Tuan, Yi-Fu (1974) Topophilia: A study of environmental perception, attitudes, and values. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall. * ^ Sharifian, Farzad (2011). Cultural Conceptualisations and Language: Theoretical Framework and Applications. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins. * ^ Sharifian, Farzad & Palmer, Gary B. (eds.) (2007) Applied cultural linguistics: Implications for second language learning and intercultural communication. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John