The Info List - Ethnolinguistic Group

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An ethnolinguistic group (or ethno-linguistic group) is a group that is unified by both a common ethnicity and language. Most ethnic groups have their own language.[1][2] Despite this, the term is often used to emphasise when language is a major basis for the ethnic group, especially with regards to its neighbours.[1] A central concept in the linguistic study of ethnolinguistic groups is ethnolinguistic vitality, the ability of the group's language and ethnicity to sustain.[3] An ethnolinguistic group that lacks such vitality is unlikely to survive as a distinct entity. Factors that influence the ethnolinguistic vitality are demographics, institutional control and status (including language planning factors).[4]


1 See also 2 References 3 Sources 4 Further reading

See also[edit]


Theoretical linguistics

Cognitive Generative


Functional theories of grammar

Phonology Morphology

Morphophonology Syntax

Lexis Semantics

Pragmatics Graphemics

Orthography Semiotics

Descriptive linguistics


Comparative Historical

Etymology Graphetics

Phonetics Sociolinguistics

Applied and experimental


Contrastive Evolutionary

Forensic Internet

acquisition (second-language)

assessment Language
development Language
education Linguistic anthropology Neurolinguistics Psycholinguistics

Related articles

Ethnolinguistic groups History of linguistics Linguistic prescription List of linguists Unsolved problems


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First language Ethnolinguistics Ethnoreligious group Nation state Race (human classification) Regionalism (politics)


^ a b Fishman, Joshua A.; García, Ofelia (2010). Handbook of Language and Ethnic Identity. Oxford University Press. p. 12. ISBN 9780195374926.  ^ Holloman, Regina E.; Arutiunov, Serghei A. (1978-01-01). Perspectives on Ethnicity. Walter de Gruyter. p. 244. ISBN 9783110807707.  ^ Bourhis, R.Y.; Barrette, G. (2006). "Ethnolinguistic Vitality". Encyclopedia of Language
& Linguistics. pp. 246–249.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ Bourhis, R. Y.; Giles, H.; Rosenthal, D. (1981). "Notes on the construction of a 'subjective vitality questionnaire' for ethnolinguistic groups". Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development. 2 (2): 145–155. doi:10.1080/01434632.1981.9994047. 


John M Levine; Michael A. Hogg (15 September 2009). Encyclopedia of Group Processes and Intergroup Relations. SAGE Publications. pp. 252–. ISBN 978-1-4522-6150-8.  Joshua A. Fishman; Ofelia García (2010). Handbook of Language
and Ethnic Identity. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-537492-6.  Diarmait Mac Giolla Chríost (2004). Language, Identity and Conflict: A Comparative Study of Language
in Ethnic Conflict in Europe and Eurasia. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-134-51202-7. 

Further reading[edit]

Lamy, Paul. " Language
and ethnolinguistic identity: The bilingualism question." International Journal of the Sociology of Language
1979.20 (1979): 23-36. Sachdev, Itesh, and Richard Y. Bourhis. " Language
and social identification." Social identity theory: Constructive and critical advances 211 (1990): 229. Giles, Howard, Richard Y. Bourhis, and Donald M. Taylor. "Towards a theory of language in ethnic group relations." Language, ethnicity and intergroup relations 307348 (1977). Bourhis, Richard Y. " Language
in ethnic interaction: A social psychological approach." Language
and ethnic relations (1979): 117-141.

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Related concepts

Clan Ethnic group

Ethnolinguistic group Ethnoreligious group

Indigenous peoples Ingroups and outgroups Meta-ethnicity Metroethnicity Minority group Monoethnicity Nation Nationality Panethnicity Polyethnicity Population Race Symbolic ethnicity Tribe


Anthropology Ethnic studies Ethnoarchaeology Ethnobiology

Ethnobotany Ethnozoology Ethnoecology

Ethnocinema Ethnogeology Ethnography

Autoethnography Clinical Critical Cyber- Netnography Online Person-centered Salvage Transidioethnography Video

Ethnohistory Ethnolinguistics Ethnology Ethnomathematics Ethnomethodology Ethnomuseology Ethnomusicology Ethnophilosophy Ethnopoetics Ethnoscience Ethnosemiotics Ethnotaxonomy

Groups by region


Arab League


Indigenous Canada Mexico United States Central America South America


Central Asia East Asia Northern Asia South Asia Southeast Asia West Asia



Europe Oceania

Indigenous European

Identity and ethnogenesis

Cross-race effect Cultural assimilation Cultural identity Demonym Development Endonym Ethnic flag Ethnic option Ethnic origin Ethnic religion Ethnicity
in census Ethnofiction Ethnonym Folk religion Historical Imagined community Kinship Legendary progenitor Lineage-bonded society Mythomoteur Mores Nation-building Nation state National language National myth Origin myth Pantribal sodality Tribal name Tribalism Urheimat

Multiethnic society

Consociationalism Diaspora politics Dominant minority Ethnic democracy Ethnic enclave Ethnic interest group Ethnic majority Ethnic media Ethnic pornography Ethnic theme park Ethnoburb Ethnocracy Indigenous rights Middleman minority Minority rights Model minority Multinational state

Ideology and ethnic conflict

Ethnic bioweapon Ethnic cleansing Ethnic hatred Ethnic joke Ethnic nationalism Ethnic nepotism Ethnic penalty Ethnic slur Ethnic stereotype Ethnic violence Ethnocentrism Ethnocide Ethnosymbolism Indigenism Separatist movements Xenophobia

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