The population of Botswana is divided into the main ethnic groups of Tswana people (79%), Kalanga people (11%), and Basarwa (or Bushmen) (3%).[1] The remaining 7% consist of other peoples,[2] including some speaking the Kgalagadi language, and 1% of non-African people.[1]

About 79% of the total population speak Setswana as second and first language. The ethnic Tswana is split up among eight tribes: Bamangwato, Bakwena, Bangwaketse, Bakgatla, Barolong, Bamalete, and Batlokwa.

See also


  1. ^ a b "Ethnic groups - Botswana". nationsencyclopedia.com. 2012. Retrieved 15 June 2012. 
  2. ^ "CIA - The World Factbook". cia.gov. 2012. Retrieved 16 June 2012.