An ethnic flag is a flag that symbolizes a certain ethnic group. Ethnic flags are often introduced to the ethnic community through the respective cultural or political ethnic movements. They are popular among ethnic minorities and some ethnic majorities, especially in multiethnic countries.
1 History 2 Individual flags 3 See also 4 References 5 External links
Like the concept of the national flag itself, that of an "ethnic flag"
is modern, first arising in the late 19th century; strictly speaking,
the national flags of nation states are themselves "ethnic flags", and
often so used by ethnic minorities in neighbouring states, especially
in the context of irredentism (e.g. the flag of the Republic of
Albania used as an "ethnic Albanian flag" by Kosovar Albanians).
Ethnic flags are often used in irredentism, representing the "national
flag" of a proposed or unrecognized state. The first such flags were
designed at the end of the 19th century, such as the Basque flag
(1894) or the "
Media related to Cultural flags at Wikimedia Commons
Media related to Flags of ethnic groups at Wikimedia Commons Media related to Flags of active autonomist and secessionist movements at Wikimedia Commons Media related to Native American flags in Latin America at Wikimedia Commons Media related to Native American flags in the United States at Wikimedia Commons
image name group world region linguistic phylum introduction notes
Received from Alexander Macdonnell of the
North West Company
Adopted by the Prague Slavic Congress, 1848, used as the ethnic flag
Ikurriña Basque people Europe, West Basque 1895 Designed in 1894 for the province of Biscay, adopted in 1895 by "Euzkeldun Batzokija" (predecessor of the Basque Nationalist Party), adopted it as the flag of the Basque Autonomous Region in 1936, prohibited in Franco Spain 1938–1977, official adoption as the flag of the Basque Country in 1978.
Crimean Tatar flag
Turkic, Crimean Tatar
Introduced under the
Crimean People's Republic
Pan-African flag Black Africans Africa — 1920 Adopted in 1920 by the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League, now used in Black nationalism and Pan-Africanism.
Hispanidad, La Raza
Indo-European, Romance, Spanish
Winning entry in a contest organized by
Juana de Ibarbourou
Malay people, Malayness
Introduced by the
United Malays National Organisation
Australian Aboriginal Flag Aboriginal Australians Australia Australian 1971 Designed in 1971, given official recognition by the Australian authorities in 1995.
Aramean-Syriac flag Aramaeans (Syriac Christians) Asia, Western Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Aramaic 1980 Used by the Bahro Suryoyo journal in 1980.
Sami flag Sami people Europe, Northern Finnic, Sami 1986 Adopted by the 13th Nordic Sami Conference on 15 August 1986.
Tino Rangatiratanga flag Maori Oceania, New Zealand Austronesian, Maori 1990 Designed in 1990 and made the subject of an activist campaign until its official recognition by New Zealand authorities in 2009.
Link to file Torres Strait Islander flag Torres Strait Islanders Australia Creole, Torres Strait Island 1992 Recognised by the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission in June 1992, granted official status Australia in 1995.
Berber flag Berbers Africa, North Afro-Asiatic, Berber 1998 Adopted by the World Amazigh Congress based on 1970s proposals by the Berber Academy.
Chaldean Flag Chaldean Christians Asia, Western Afro-Asiatic, Semitic, Aramaic 1999 Approved by the International Chaldean Association of Professional Visual Artists and various other Chaldean organisations. Designed by Amer Fatuhi.
This flag is not recognized by the
Coptic Orthodox Church
List of former sovereign states Flags of subnational entities Flags of unrecognized states Flags of micronations
^ "Symbols and Traditions".
Nation of Ontario. Archived from
the original on 2015-01-09. Retrieved 2015-01-08.
^ Jaume Olle', Crimea: The Tatars (Ukraine),
Flags of the World
Znamierowski, Alfred (2001). The World Encyclopedia of Flags. London,
UK: Hermes House.
Flags of the World
v t e
Clan Ethnic group
Ethnolinguistic group Ethnoreligious group
Indigenous peoples Ingroups and outgroups Meta-ethnicity Metroethnicity Minority group Monoethnicity Nation Nationality Panethnicity Polyethnicity Population Race Symbolic ethnicity Tribe
Anthropology Ethnic studies Ethnoarchaeology Ethnobiology
Ethnobotany Ethnozoology Ethnoecology
Ethnocinema Ethnogeology Ethnography
Autoethnography Clinical Critical Cyber- Netnography Online Person-centered Salvage Transidioethnography Video
Ethnohistory Ethnolinguistics Ethnology Ethnomathematics Ethnomethodology Ethnomuseology Ethnomusicology Ethnophilosophy Ethnopoetics Ethnoscience Ethnosemiotics Ethnotaxonomy
Groups by region
Indigenous Canada Mexico United States Central America South America
Central Asia East Asia Northern Asia South Asia Southeast Asia West Asia
Identity and ethnogenesis
Cross-race effect Cultural assimilation Cultural identity Demonym Development Endonym Ethnic flag Ethnic option Ethnic origin Ethnic religion Ethnicity in census Ethnofiction Ethnonym Folk religion Historical Imagined community Kinship Legendary progenitor Lineage-bonded society Mythomoteur Mores Nation-building Nation state National language National myth Origin myth Pantribal sodality Tribal name Tribalism Urheimat
Consociationalism Diaspora politics Dominant minority Ethnic democracy Ethnic enclave Ethnic interest group Ethnic majority Ethnic media Ethnic pornography Ethnic theme park Ethnoburb Ethnocracy Indigenous rights Middleman minority Minority rights Model minority Multinational state
Ideology and ethnic conflict
Ethnic bioweapon Ethnic cleansing Ethnic hatred Ethnic joke Ethnic nationalism Ethnic nepotism Ethnic penalty Ethnic slur Ethnic stereotype Ethnic violence Ethnocentrism Ethnocide Ethnosymbolism Indigenism Separatist movement