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The official designation of Eternal Leaders of Juche
Juche
Korea (주체조선의 영원한 수령) was established by a line in the preamble to the Constitution of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, as amended on 30 June 2016, and in subsequent revisions. It reads (in the original version):

Under the leadership of the Workers’ Party of Korea, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
Korea
and the Korean people
Korean people
will uphold the great Comrades
Comrades
Kim Il Sung
Kim Il Sung
and Kim Jong Il
Kim Jong Il
as the eternal leaders of Juche
Juche
Korea... [1]

Contents

1 History of the title

1.1 Presidency of North Korea
North Korea
before 1994 1.2 "Eternal President of the Republic"

2 Head of state
Head of state
role in North Korea
North Korea
after the death of Kim Il-sung 3 See also 4 References 5 Bibliography

History of the title[edit] Presidency of North Korea
North Korea
before 1994[edit] The President of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
was established in the Constitution of North Korea
Constitution of North Korea
in 1972. Until then, Kim Il-sung, the de facto ruler of North Korea, held the posts of Premier and General Secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea. In 1972 the Presidency was established, and Kim Il-sung
Kim Il-sung
was elected to the position by the Supreme People's Assembly, the North Korean legislature, on 28 December 1972. Kim held the Office of President until 1994 when he died, and the position was left vacant when he died. "Eternal President of the Republic"[edit] The revised constitution in 1998 abolished the presidency and established the honorific title of Eternal President of the Republic (공화국의 영원한 주석), which was given to Kim Il-sung. The preamble of the Constitution of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Korea
as amended on 5 September 1998 reads:

Under the leadership of the Workers' Party of Korea, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Korea
and the Korean people
Korean people
will hold the great leader Comrade Kim Il-sung
Kim Il-sung
in high esteem as the eternal President of the Republic...[2]

The Eternal President of the Republic was the de jure head of state and head of government of North Korea, with those positions being de facto held by the Supreme Leader. According to Ashley J. Tellis and Michael Wills, this amendment to the preamble was an indication of the unique North Korean characteristic of being a theocratic state based on the North Korean cult of personality
North Korean cult of personality
revering Kim Il-sung. In addition, North Korea
North Korea
adopted a Juche
Juche
calendar dating from 1912, the year of Kim Il-sung's birth.[3] After the death of Kim Jong-il, the constitution was amended in 2012 to make him as Eternal Chairman of the National Defense Commission. In 2016, the title "eternal leaders of Juche
Juche
Korea" was introduced by amending the preamble of the constitution, which was given to Kim Il-sung and Kim Jong-il. Head of state
Head of state
role in North Korea
North Korea
after the death of Kim Il-sung[edit] As of 1994 there is no President of North Korea, as the office was left vacant from the death of Kim Il-sung
Kim Il-sung
in 1994, and was ipso facto abolished with the 1998 constitutional changes. Instead, the functions and powers previously belonging to the President were divided between three officials: the head of government, the Premier of North Korea; the speaker of the legislature, the Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly; and the head of the military, the Chairman of the National Defence Commission (replaced by State Affairs Commission of North Korea
Korea
in 2016) and Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army, all of which are currently held by Kim Il-sung's grandson, Kim Jong-un. The latter Kim is also the chairman of the Workers' Party of Korea, and is reckoned as "Supreme Leader" with absolute control over the country. See also[edit]

North Korea
North Korea
portal Politics portal

Death and state funeral of Kim Il-sung Family dictatorship Imperial cult Kim dynasty (North Korea) Kim Il-sung
Kim Il-sung
bibliography List of things named after Kim Il-sung North Korean cult of personality Political religion President for Life Propaganda in North Korea Sacred king Vice President of North Korea

References[edit]

^ Constitution of North Korea
Constitution of North Korea
(2012) Wikisource ^ Constitution of North Korea
Constitution of North Korea
(1972) Wikisource ^ Ashley J. Tellis; Michael Wills (30 September 2007). Domestic Political Change and Grand Strategy. NBR. p. 128. ISBN 978-0-9713938-8-2. Retrieved 9 July 2012. 

Bibliography[edit]

Kim Jong-il
Kim Jong-il
(1994). Let Us Hold the Great Leader Comrade Kim Il Sung in High Esteem as the Eternal President of Our Republic. 

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